CN202265542U - Biomass carbonization device - Google Patents

Biomass carbonization device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202265542U
CN202265542U CN2011203824217U CN201120382421U CN202265542U CN 202265542 U CN202265542 U CN 202265542U CN 2011203824217 U CN2011203824217 U CN 2011203824217U CN 201120382421 U CN201120382421 U CN 201120382421U CN 202265542 U CN202265542 U CN 202265542U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
storehouse
cooling
oxygen
carbonization
furnace
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011203824217U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈忠良
陈顺伟
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陈忠良
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Priority to CN2011203824217U priority Critical patent/CN202265542U/en
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Publication of CN202265542U publication Critical patent/CN202265542U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

A biomass carbonization device mainly comprises a carbonization furnace. The furnace body of the carbonization furnace is composed of an upper feed bin, a middle oxygen ignition combustion bin and a lower extinguishing and cooling bin after carbonization. The lower portion of the furnace body is provided with a discharge outlet. The furnace wall of the oxygen ignition combustion bin is equipped with at least five ignition tuyeres, at least one heating ring and at least two oxygen inlets. The upper end of the furnace body is provided with a waste gas discharge pipeline. The upper feed bin is formed by a movable and detachable cylinder which is connected with the middle oxygen ignition combustion bin. A blanking device formed by a plurality of inclined plates is installed inside the cylinder. The upper end of the feed bin is equipped with a feed hopper through a feed flange. A thermometer hole is disposed on the wall surface of the cylinder and is connected with a temperature measuring device through a temperature sensor. The utility model has a simple structure and is convenient and reliable to use. The finished product basically stays the same after carbonization of a biomass material. The volume of the product is relatively reduced a little. In addition, the carbonization quality can accord with use requirements.

Description

A kind of carbonizing apparatus of biomass
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of device that biomass are carried out charing, belong to the charring process field of biomass.
Background technology
The charing principle of biomass is put into charring furnace with biomass material exactly, under relative anoxybiotic state, carries out self-burning type dying fire and smoulders, and under the situation of control combustion time and temperature, makes biomass material charing gradually, forms a kind of carbonization product.But existing carbonizing apparatus is carrying out in the carbonization process biomass material, partial firing mouth raw material self can take place extinguish; Or blanking is inhomogeneous; Phenomenons such as charing is incomplete have ripe the mixing of giving birth to after causing finished product to come out, and carbonization quality does not meet defectives such as charing requirement.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists; And provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to use, reliable, biomass material finished product after charing maintains the original state basically; Volume dwindles a bit relatively, and makes carbonization quality can meet the carbonizing apparatus of the biomass of request for utilization.
The purpose of the utility model is accomplished through following technical scheme; It mainly includes a charring furnace, and the body of heater of this charring furnace is by the feeding warehouse of epimere, the stage casing enter oxygen point fire burns storehouse; Extinguish the cooling storehouse after the charing of hypomere and constitute, the bottom of body of heater is provided with discharge port; Be provided with at least five lighting-up tuyeres and at least one heating collar, at least two oxygen feeders at the said furnace body wall that enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse, offer an exhaust emission tube road in the upper end of body of heater.
The feeding warehouse of said epimere is the movable detachable cylindrical shell formation that oxygen point fire burns storehouse is entered in a connection stage casing, and the doffer that the polylith swash plate constitutes is installed in this cylindrical shell; The upper end of feeding warehouse is equipped with hopper through the charging flange, on the wall of said cylindrical shell, offers thermometer hole and outreaches temperature measuring equipment through the thermometric inductor block.
Described stage casing is entered oxygen point fire burns storehouse and is fixedly installed to the upper end of extinguishing the cooling storehouse after the hypomere charing, and this furnace body wall that enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse is provided with eight lighting-up tuyeres, a heating collar, four oxygen feeders; This burning carbonate layer temperature of entering top, oxygen point fire burns storehouse is at 500-600 ℃.
Extinguish the cooling storehouse after the described charing and comprise a cooling cylindrical shell, in this cooling cylindrical shell cooling layer is arranged; The discharge port lateral arrangement of bottom also has the switch door, and relatively just the inboard wall of furnace body of material mouth is shelved with the swash plate of an end of a year or month.
The described exhaust emission tube of the utility model road is connected with one in turn can reduce the water cooling case and a filtration unit of spent air temp, and through an attraction blower fan, is communicated with atmosphere through outlet pipe.
The utility model belongs to a kind of improvement to prior art, and it has simple in structure, and is easy to use, reliable, and biomass material finished product after charing maintains the original state basically, and volume dwindles a bit relatively, and makes carbonization quality can meet characteristics such as request for utilization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
To combine accompanying drawing that the utility model is done detailed introduction below: shown in Figure 1; The utility model mainly includes a charring furnace; The body of heater of this charring furnace is by the feeding warehouse 1 of epimere; The stage casing enter oxygen point fire burns storehouse 2, extinguish cooling storehouse 3 after the charing of hypomere and constitute, the bottom of body of heater is provided with discharge port 4; Be provided with at least five lighting-up tuyeres 21 and at least one heating collar 22, at least two oxygen feeders 23 at the said furnace body wall that enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse 2, offer an exhaust emission tube road 5 in the upper end of body of heater.
The feeding warehouse 1 of said epimere is movable detachable cylindrical shell 11 formations that oxygen point fire burns storehouse 2 is entered in a connection stage casing, and the doffer that polylith swash plate 12 constitutes is installed in this cylindrical shell 11; The upper end of feeding warehouse 1 is equipped with hopper 6 through charging flange 13, on the wall of said cylindrical shell 11, offers thermometer hole 14 and outreaches temperature measuring equipment through the thermometric inductor block.
Stage casing shown in the figure is entered oxygen point fire burns storehouse 2 and is fixedly installed to the upper end of extinguishing cooling storehouse 3 after the hypomere charing, and this furnace body wall that enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse 2 is provided with 22, four oxygen feeders 23 of 21, one heating collars of eight lighting-up tuyeres; This burning carbonate layer temperature of entering 2 tops, oxygen point fire burns storehouse is 500-600 ℃ (in practical work process).
Extinguish cooling storehouse 3 after the described charing and comprise a cooling cylindrical shell 31, in this cooling cylindrical shell 31 cooling layer 32 is arranged; Discharge port 4 lateral arrangement of bottom also have switch door 41, and the inboard wall of furnace body of discharge port 4 is shelved with the swash plate 42 of an end of a year or month relatively.
The described exhaust emission tube of the utility model road 5 is connected with one in turn can reduce the water cooling case 51 and a filtration unit 52 of spent air temp, and through an attraction blower fan 53, is communicated with atmosphere through outlet pipe 54.
Embodiment:
The utility model is interim charging, continuity charing, cooling, and interim discharging, finished product maintains the original state basically after the charing, and is furnished with flue gas, tar, wood vinegar cooling treatment system (flare system).This carbonizing apparatus is through a hopper, and exsiccant biological particles shape raw material is evenly sent into hopper and got in the charring furnace.There is a movable flashboard hopper below, control blanking and sealing fire door.The charring furnace main body is the parts of whole set most critical.The inner high temperature resistant stainless steel material that adopts of body of heater, stainless material is used in the outside, and intermediate interlayer is heat insulation with high temperature resistant pearl sand.Form a square body for following three sections during body of heater is divided into, epimere partly is a feeding warehouse, and the stage casing is for entering oxygen point fire burns storehouse, and hypomere is to extinguish the cooling storehouse after the charing, and bottom is a discharge port.Eight lighting-up tuyeres are arranged in the body of heater stage casing, and a heating collar has four oxygen feeders, and three temperature detection mouths are arranged, with carbonization time, temperature, output, quality in oxygen feeding amount and the suction air volume size control stove.On body of heater, a cigarette, dirt, gas, tar discharge line are arranged,, in the water cooling case, reduce the tarry matters in smoke temperature to reach through pipeline transmission through the suction of blower fan, and with being emitted in the water-lute bucket after flue dust and tar and the decomposition of wood vinegar process.Cigarette that blower fan is discharged and gas get into a filtration unit, carry out filtration treatment then in the discharging outside.The smokeless compliance with environmental protection requirements of colorless and odorless.In charring furnace, increase a dismountable square tube of activity, the swash plate doffer is installed, raw material from top to bottom produces curve-like, is not easy to stop up raw material.Produce space, 35 ° of angle in the swash plate bottom, help storing up the oxygen supercharging, as long as finished product blanking one is loosening, the epimere raw material is just toward gliding.
The biomass charing device principle of design be exactly raw material in charring furnace, under relative anoxybiotic state, carry out self-burning type dying fire and smoulder, combustion time, temperature, output, quality are by oxygen feeding amount and the control of suction air volume size.The different material charing will be controlled with diverse ways.Each item technical indicator detects collection through the way that computer programming shows.Biomass material finished product after charing maintains the original state basically, and volume dwindles a bit relatively.This product is a kind of first-class raw material that is processed into another kind of product for in-depth.
The main handling characteristics of the utility model is:
It is dry that 1 biomass material self is wanted, and contains moisture below 20%.Surpass and preferably do oven dry more than 20% or shine dry-cure.(biomass material refers to: bamboo and wood, stalk, shell etc.)
2 biomass materials are particulate state preferably, and the dusty raw materials ventilation property is bad fully, the incompatibility charing.Stalk must be done cutting process, no longer than 50mm.
The certain quantity of control, evenly material loading during 3 chargings.Note the quantity of material loading for the first time, the raw material volume can not surpass 90% of charring furnace volume.In the charring furnace combustion processes, whenever went out one-pass finished at a distance from one hour or two hours.Then last material.What confirm material loading quantity again to look out finished product quantity.Must not wait the interior whole charings of raw material of stove material loading again.
After raw material was filled in 4 stoves, eight lighting-up tuyeres will be lighted a fire simultaneously.Reference mark burner adjusting plug length size keeps certain oxygen to get in the stove, regulates the oxygen feeding amount of four oxygen feeders, perhaps with the Electrothermal ring burning of directly switching on.From the situation that lighting-up tuyere is observed the raw material spontaneous combustion, interim adjusting oxygen feeding amount.The sealing finished product discharge port plate of sealing up a door.
Open the blower fan controlled wind speed before 5 igniting,, cross to exceed and lowly all will regulate oxygen feeder and will control suction air volume simultaneously, therefrom find out regular temperature control criterion from the temperature regime of each section of temperature controller inspection layer.The charing raw material is different, and oxygen feeding amount is different with the suction air volume size.Under the general state, the zone of combustion temperature is between 500 ℃-600 ℃.
6 in carbonization process, and perhaps partial firing mouth raw material self can take place extinguish, or phenomenon such as blanking is inhomogeneous, and charing is incomplete.Ripe the mixing of giving birth to arranged after causing finished product to come out, and each lighting-up tuyere charing situation of constantly checked is very important.In the igniting oral pore, in stove, stir zone of combustion with a steel pipe, observe sampling charing result.The pitch time of correct control finished product discharging is very important.
7 inspection final product qualities, the carbonization time of right judgement finished product, temperature and discharge room interval are according to the scarce part of final product quality adjustment.Because raw pine is close inconsistent in the stove, the spontaneous combustion state is just different, is easy to generate to sink to differing, gives birth to ripe mixing during discharging.The too fast excessive phenomenons such as finished product half charing and rapid cooling that also can take place of discharging.
8 regulate according to coolant water temperature and to change the water time.If in carbonization process, adopt water-lute, the working hour can not be changed sealing water, and the water level in the sealing radiator must be higher than pipeline opening, could play the water seal effect.Dust and tar all drop in the clean sealing radiator.If the employing valve seal will be opened once to certain time limit, in the waste discharge water tank that is trapped in the bucket, cleaning once then.
9 preferably will change the filtration articles for use in about about three months, the cleaning web plate.It is still reusable after cleaning teds.Machine-made charcoal has filteration preferably.
10 adjust the flow of inhaling dust effectively.Key is to regulate the revolution of blower fan.Use the governor control wind speed.Prevent ponding in the blower fan body, underpart can be opened an aperture and discharge water.
11 escape pipe road junctions will isolate the pedestrian, must not have naked light to occur, and cause that to prevent the air outlet gaseous combustion air-negative-pressure flows backwards, and cause bad accident to take place.
12 cigarettes, dirt, gas, tar treatment unit are exactly that many tiny stainless steel tubes are installed in a water tank.Cigarette, dirt, gas, tar decompose by count the water tank bottom through air inducing; Gas up circulates in managing; Water cooling is lowered the temperature rapidly, and waste material dust, tar, wood vinegar etc. flow downstream in the bucket through tube wall, and gas gets into the water tank upper filtering layer and further decomposes; Blower fan is discharged clean air again, meets environmental protection standard.

Claims (5)

1. the carbonizing apparatus of biomass, it mainly includes a charring furnace, the body of heater of this charring furnace is by the feeding warehouse of epimere, the stage casing enter oxygen point fire burns storehouse, extinguish the cooling storehouse after the charing of hypomere and constitute, the bottom of body of heater is provided with discharge port; It is characterized in that being provided with at least five lighting-up tuyeres and at least one heating collar, at least two oxygen feeders, offer an exhaust emission tube road in the upper end of body of heater at the said furnace body wall that enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse.
2. the carbonizing apparatus of biomass according to claim 1, the feeding warehouse that it is characterized in that said epimere are that the movable detachable cylindrical shell that oxygen point fire burns storehouse is entered in a connection stage casing constitutes, and the doffer that the polylith swash plate constitutes is installed in this cylindrical shell; The upper end of feeding warehouse is equipped with hopper through the charging flange, on the wall of said cylindrical shell, offers thermometer hole and outreaches temperature measuring equipment through the thermometric inductor block.
3. the carbonizing apparatus of biomass according to claim 2; It is characterized in that described stage casing enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse and be fixedly installed to the upper end of extinguishing the cooling storehouse after the hypomere charing; This furnace body wall that enters oxygen point fire burns storehouse is provided with eight lighting-up tuyeres, a heating collar, four oxygen feeders; This burning carbonate layer temperature of entering top, oxygen point fire burns storehouse is at 500-600 ℃.
4. according to the carbonizing apparatus of claim 1 or 3 described biomass, it is characterized in that extinguishing the cooling storehouse after the described charing comprises a cooling cylindrical shell, has cooling layer in this cooling cylindrical shell; The discharge port lateral arrangement of bottom also has the switch door, and relatively just the inboard wall of furnace body of material mouth is shelved with the swash plate of an end of a year or month.
5. the carbonizing apparatus of biomass according to claim 1 is characterized in that described exhaust emission tube road is connected with one in turn and can reduces the water cooling case and a filtration unit of spent air temp, and through an attraction blower fan, is communicated with atmosphere through outlet pipe.
CN2011203824217U 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Biomass carbonization device Expired - Fee Related CN202265542U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203824217U CN202265542U (en) 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Biomass carbonization device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203824217U CN202265542U (en) 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Biomass carbonization device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104479701A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-04-01 嘉兴市新角机械制造有限公司 Biomass carbonization and cooling-filtrating integrated device
CN104910935A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 辛集兴源生物科技有限公司 Biomass carbon, gas, oil, liquid, heat, electricity poly-generation device and method
CN105567265A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-11 李卓 Straw carbonization apparatus
CN105861005A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-17 谭立钧 Biomass dry distillation furnace
CN106978201A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-25 张家港市昇泰能源有限公司 A kind of vaporizing system charcoal boiler

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104479701A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-04-01 嘉兴市新角机械制造有限公司 Biomass carbonization and cooling-filtrating integrated device
CN104910935A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 辛集兴源生物科技有限公司 Biomass carbon, gas, oil, liquid, heat, electricity poly-generation device and method
CN105567265A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-11 李卓 Straw carbonization apparatus
CN105861005A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-17 谭立钧 Biomass dry distillation furnace
CN105861005B (en) * 2016-05-16 2020-01-07 河南工创联盟科技有限公司 Biomass retort
CN106978201A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-25 张家港市昇泰能源有限公司 A kind of vaporizing system charcoal boiler
CN106978201B (en) * 2017-05-11 2022-08-09 张家港市昇泰能源有限公司 Gasification system charcoal boiler

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120606

Termination date: 20131010