CN202202470U - Novel optimizing composite wall - Google Patents

Novel optimizing composite wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202202470U
CN202202470U CN2011203173860U CN201120317386U CN202202470U CN 202202470 U CN202202470 U CN 202202470U CN 2011203173860 U CN2011203173860 U CN 2011203173860U CN 201120317386 U CN201120317386 U CN 201120317386U CN 202202470 U CN202202470 U CN 202202470U
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China
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layer
reinforcing rib
novel
composite
internal layer
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CN2011203173860U
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Chinese (zh)
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安伟
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安伟
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Abstract

A novel optimizing composite wall is composed of a surface layer and an inner layer, a protuberance of the surface layer is a surface layer reinforcing rib, and a protuberance of the inner layer is an inner layer reinforcing rib. The structure enables self mechanic indexes of an inner layer and an outer layer of the wall to be strengthened, the inner layer and the outer layer can be effectively integrated, and defects such as poor combination caused by different densities of inner layer materials and outer layer materials can be effectively avoided. The surface layer turns to be thin to release inner layer spaces, so that performance such as heat preservation and sound insulation can be effectively improved. The composite heat preservation building cavity wall is small in dry shrinkage value, not easy to crack and deform, so that the optimizing composite wall combining a plurality of advantages together which optimizes combination distribution and adjusts structural materials, unit weight and other technical indexes are obtained under the condition that production cost is not increased. The novel optimizing composite wall can not only reach national use standards, overcome various defects caused during manufacture and using, but also accord with environmental protection requirements of energy conservation and waste recycle proposed by the country, and can play an important role in revolution of novel wall materials in our country.

Description

Novel optimization composite wall material

Technical field

The utility model relates to the composite wall material of the novel optimum organization technology of constructional materials, and particularly a kind of novel optimization composite wall material belongs to the building material field.

Background technology

Along with carrying out in a deep going way of novel wall material research work, variously satisfy energy-conservation, joint soil, the sharp useless new wall material that requires continues to bring out, the development of accelerating novel wall material is Chinese society economic development and the inevitable requirement of implementing the strategy of sustainable development.New wall material mainly is divided into the sheet material and the building block of all size, and wherein all there are shortcomings such as sound insulation is poor, insulation is not good, yielding in hollow wall panel and building-block, though reach the light weight purpose, building-block is when construction; Mortar can pour into the space and cause waste, builds bond area by laying bricks or stones and causes the building block combination not firm for a short time, and the anti-shear performance of body of wall is poor, and application life is shorter than solid brick; Be difficult for intercept cloth and lack, and receive the thermal stresses effect easily and cause that some positions ftracture, especially shrink very violent with Changes in weather; This mainly is that the brick body is thinner, and then causes the also corresponding increase of its coefficient of expansion because brick hollow is bigger; Be prone to produce cold and hot bridge, heat-insulating property is poor, and it is low to add industrial waste intensity; This hollow brick also has frangible characteristics, so this brick is poor as the interior wall sound insulation, as the as easy as rolling off a log seepage of exterior wall.Not only there is the similar shortcoming of hollow brick in hollow wall panel, and the making working strength is big, and especially the withdrawing hollow core tubes wastes time and energy, and increases cost of production.After having used this hollow walling, be not only crackle, fit up a dozen wire casings, just maybe body of wall be punched, water power pipe laying, case, box are very inconvenient, can't utilize wall that article are installed, such as wall hanging electrical equipment, wall hanging cabinet etc.Air-entrained concrete building block commonly used now; Environmental protection light weight shapeliness; But its intensity increases with unit weight, will increase its unit weight like needs high strength, strengthens basis and structural bearing capacity; Drying shrinkage value reaches more greatly and traditional cement mortar bond insecure generation rendering layer hollowing and cracking, exist in addition the making apparatus investment huge, produce weak point such as integrated cost height.Utilize organic foam plate (EPS/XPS sheet material) to do exterior-wall heat insulation now and have many disadvantages; Because the character problem of self, its intensity is not high, and supporting capacity is lower; Construction back surface irregularity, the demand that can not satisfy on external wall outer subsides glazed tile etc. and beautify finishing; Construction technology is relatively complicated, and construction costs is higher relatively; Be prone to infiltration and cracking comes off, the glue of sticking benzene plate and the plastics nail that expands is a macromolecular material outward, and As time goes on will wear out becomes fragile, and service life, finite lifetime was short, and the increase waste stream is to the pressure of environment; Fireproof performance is poor, and burning produces noxious material; It is dangerous that negative blast is particularly resisted in the wind resistance resistance to compression of highrise building insulation layer; So need effective workaround badly.Be prone to aging coming off and wait the shortcoming of weak point in application life with the color steel heat insulating wall material made of iron plate bonding same existence.Foam glass has overall merits such as intensity height, fire prevention, insulation, protection against the tide and long service life as inorganic foamed heat insulating material, but because machinery investment and power consumption are huge, shortcomings such as integrated cost height are so be difficult to popularize.Complex heat-preservation building sandwich walling is all more outstanding desirable walling of present each item performance; Cajaput is rebuild and has just been used this walling; It is the constructional materials of comparative maturity; It combines many excellent in performance such as green, environmental protection, waterproof, anticracking, fire prevention, insect protected, insulation, sound insulation, increasing usable floor area, the speed of application of walling are fast, antidetonation resistance to compression, if can gather the advantage of above walling, must be the new and innovative ways of optimizing modern energy-conservation walling system defective.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiency of prior art; And a kind of novel optimization composite wall material is provided; Based on this new structure characteristic; Optimum organization distributes, regulates technical indicators such as walling ectonexine material, unit weight, utilizes complex heat-preservation building sandwich walling drying shrinkage value little, is difficult for the advantage of craze and transfiguration; Do not increasing under cost of material and machinery and the hand labor condition of cost, obtaining the sharp novel optimization composite wall material that integrates numerous advantages such as useless of environmental protection and energy saving, light thermal-insulation, antidetonation.

The technical scheme of the utility model is following:

Novel optimization composite wall material is made up of surface layer and internal layer, and the surface layer prominence is the surface layer reinforcing rib, and the internal layer prominence is the internal layer reinforcing rib.

Said walling is wallboard or building block.

The cross section of said surface layer reinforcing rib and internal layer reinforcing rib is waveform, triangle, T-shaped, rectangle, prismatic, trapezoidal or arch.

Said surface layer reinforcing rib and internal layer reinforcing rib are even parallel lines or curve distribution, or evenly are crossed as square, diamond check shape, become the pyramid shape of rule and cellular.

Said surface layer reinforcing rib is identical with the surface layer material, and the internal layer reinforcing rib is identical with the internal layer material, and surface layer density is greater than internal layer density.

Said walling side is provided with the waveform rib.

Be provided with fibrage in the said surface layer.

Said internal layer side edge shape is plane or wave.

The advantage of the utility model is: 1, walling ectonexine self mechanical index strengthens; Increased contact area; Ectonexine is better combined closely integrated; Efficiently solve because of the not good defective of the different combinations that take place with density of ectonexine material, the increase and the uniform support force of internal layer of the contact surface of interlock have good dispersion temperature stress each other, discharge dry-shrinkage deformed effectively and internal stress that produce; Strengthened sound absorption qualities effectively, reduced the pressure of internal layer because of distortion or impact generation; 2, the utility model is provided with reinforcing rib, makes surface layer stressed evenly, greatly reduces the appearance of drawbacks such as distortion, crackle, also can reduce the cold bridge of building block wall formation or the thermal transmittance of heat bridge, improves heat insulating effect; 3, the utility model building block is prone to build by laying bricks or stones, and speed of application improves, and has reduced the mortar consumption; And improved the plumpness of mortar; Adding the core building block has increased the bond area of plastering, and it is firmer that building block is combined, and wallboard is made the program built-in, the withdrawing core rod of saving; Reduce greatly and reduce labour intensity and production process, the New Concrete rod structure improves the anti-shear ability of body of wall greatly; 4, the increase of surface layer intensity effectively discharges more insulation layer space, improves heat insulation effect; 5, the increase of the utility model ectonexine intensity has reduced surface thickness; Practice thrift the internal layer filler of the cost of surface material more than or equal to low-density cheap material formation; Its product cost, unit weight are equivalent to hollowcore slab, and less than the composite intermediate layer wallboard of same specification, at resistance to deformation; Shock resistance is superior to hollow wall panel greatly on the important indicators such as sound insulation and insulation; 6, the utility model is applied widely, and green non-pollution, product do not contain poisonous hazardous substances, does not have " three wastes " in production, the use and discharges.Improve the usage ratio of industrial or agricultural dead meal, meet the sharp useless policy of national environmental protection; 7, the utility model can prevent cold and hot bridge conduction, prevents to produce mildew after the indoor dewfall; 8, the combination of the utility model walling and inorganic heat preservation composite mortar is used, and product stability is high, not having aging coming off and potential safety hazard such as breaking out of fire, and with the same life-span of construction wall, the fire protection flame retarding safety is good; Thermal property is good, and heat storage performance is much larger than organic insulation material; Omit the insulation operation of traditional outer sticking benzene plate, practiced thrift the duration, reduced building costs; The inorganic heat preservation composite mortar has splendid temperature stability and chemical stability; Can effectively block the heat bridge that concrete beam structure, post etc. form; Can solve and improve the frosting problem at the heat bridge position of steel concrete beam, post; Improve the integrity and effectiveness of exterior-wall heat insulation, be substitute application life short, fireproof performance is poor, the effective way of the outer heat preservation method of the organic foam board exterior wall of stickup that the disadvantages such as danger and contaminated environment that come off are arranged.

Description of drawings Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment 1 perspective view;

Fig. 2 is the utility model embodiment 2 perspective view;

Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is 2 two building block combinations of the utility model embodiment sketch map.

The specific embodiment is described further the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

Embodiment 1 can be known by Fig. 1, and novel optimization composite wall material is made up of surface layer 1 and internal layer 2, and surface layer 1 prominence is a surface layer reinforcing rib 3, and internal layer 2 prominences are internal layer reinforcing rib 4.

Said walling is a wallboard.

The cross section 5 of said surface layer reinforcing rib 3 and internal layer reinforcing rib 4 is a waveform.

Said surface layer reinforcing rib 3 is even parallel lines with internal layer reinforcing rib 4.

Said surface layer reinforcing rib 3 is identical with surface layer 1 material, and internal layer reinforcing rib 4 is identical with internal layer 2 materials, and surface layer 1 density is greater than internal layer 2 density.

Be provided with fibrage 9 in the said surface layer 1.

Said walling side is provided with waveform rib 8.

Said internal layer 2 side edge shape are plane 7.

Embodiment 2 can be known by Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, and novel optimization composite wall material is made up of surface layer 1 and internal layer 2, and surface layer 1 prominence is a surface layer reinforcing rib 3, and internal layer 2 prominences are internal layer reinforcing rib 4.

Said walling is building block.

The cross section 5 of said surface layer reinforcing rib 3 and internal layer reinforcing rib 4 is trapezoidal.

Said surface layer reinforcing rib 3 is even parallel lines with internal layer reinforcing rib 4.

Said surface layer reinforcing rib 3 is identical with surface layer 1 material, and internal layer reinforcing rib 4 is identical with internal layer 2 materials, and surface layer 1 density is greater than internal layer 2 density.

Can be known that by Fig. 4 said walling side is provided with waveform rib 8, walling side junction is combined into circle or rhombus through hole 11 by wave angle 6 during operation; Perfusion mortar during construction; Form the concrete post, play interlocking, location and reinforcing wall effect, make things convenient for the charity of circuit in addition.

The cross section 5 of the utility model surface layer reinforcing rib 3 and the cross section 5 of internal layer reinforcing rib 4 also can be other various geometric figures and combination thereof; The internal layer 2 of walling can adopt cheaply, be beneficial to the flyash of environmental protection and cook major ingredient; Mix behind ball milling with increase active component raw material such as lime and gypsum; Select cementitious material such as blending high alumina cement or magnesite, add blowing agent and process.Also can add light materials such as hollow ceramic ball, perlite, stalk fibre wood chip makes.Because internal layer 2 does not need big bending resistance and impact strength, so can select the low-density composite foam material to make.In order to enhance productivity, can strengthen surface thickness and intensity and directly use organic foam plate with the utility model structure, there is not aging obscission in built-in organic insulation material, and the independent closed cavity is difficult for producing fire.Because the organic relatively expanded material of inorganic foamed material has fire protection flame retarding, long service life, not yielding, support strength advantages of higher, so the preferred inorganic foamed material of the utility model is as internal layer 2 materials.The increase of surface layer 1 intensity and employing composite sandwich technology have reduced the use of rib between the surface layer 1; Surface layer 1 attenuation; Both saved surface layer 1 cost and raw-material consumption, and can increase internal layer 2 spaces again, internal layer 2 expanded materials thicken performances such as corresponding raising insulation, sound insulation, antidetonation; Air-flow, sound wave resistance in the structure of seal bubble is bigger; Improve the inorganic foamed material quality, make bubble 10 have independent closure, the perforation that prevents pore is insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation and the key technology requirement that blocks water.The both sides joint face of walling also can adopt the method for attachment of the tenon and the tenon groove structure of traditional different shape.New wall material also can adopt no side rib up and down the sandwich form of surface layer process sheet material, utilize this structural advantages, can develop the new wall material of different shape, each embodiment of this manual adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and is based on all that innovation structure implements.

Claims (8)

1. novel optimization composite wall material is characterized in that: be made up of surface layer (1) and internal layer (2), surface layer (1) prominence is surface layer reinforcing rib (3), and internal layer (2) prominence is internal layer reinforcing rib (4).
2. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said walling is a wallboard.
3. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said walling is building block.
4. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the cross section (5) of said surface layer reinforcing rib (3) and internal layer reinforcing rib (4) is waveform, triangle, T-shaped, rectangle, prismatic, trapezoidal or arch.
5. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said surface layer reinforcing rib (3) and internal layer reinforcing rib (4) be for even parallel lines or curve distribution, or evenly be crossed as square, diamond check shape, become the pyramid shape of rule and cellular.
6. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said walling side is provided with waveform rib (8).
7. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said internal layer (2) side edge shape is plane (7) or waveform.
8. novel optimization composite wall material as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: be provided with fibrage (9) in the said surface layer (1).
CN2011203173860U 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Novel optimizing composite wall CN202202470U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203173860U CN202202470U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Novel optimizing composite wall

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203173860U CN202202470U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Novel optimizing composite wall

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103046688A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-04-17 姚景祥 Hollow light bar and manufacture method thereof
CN104369250A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-25 安徽鸿路钢结构(集团)股份有限公司 Glue failure preventing double-veneer composite plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN104727481A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Efficient energy-saving building wall for industrialized production and fabrication method of efficient energy-saving building wall
CN104727489A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Novel industrialized production energy-efficient building roof board and manufacturing method
CN104746789A (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-07-01 殷国祥 High-strength light-weight partition building block
CN108009336A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-08 北京航空航天大学 A kind of micro- truss structure carrying and the Multipurpose Optimal Method of thermal protection structure

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103046688A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-04-17 姚景祥 Hollow light bar and manufacture method thereof
CN103046688B (en) * 2012-12-11 2016-06-22 姚景祥 A kind of hollow light bar and preparation method thereof
CN104746789A (en) * 2013-12-25 2015-07-01 殷国祥 High-strength light-weight partition building block
CN104727481B (en) * 2014-11-04 2017-06-20 马恒忠 Factorial praluction energy-conserving construction wall and preparation method
CN104727481A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Efficient energy-saving building wall for industrialized production and fabrication method of efficient energy-saving building wall
CN104727489A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Novel industrialized production energy-efficient building roof board and manufacturing method
CN104727489B (en) * 2014-11-04 2017-04-19 马恒忠 Novel industrialized production energy-efficient building roof board and manufacturing method
CN104369250A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-25 安徽鸿路钢结构(集团)股份有限公司 Glue failure preventing double-veneer composite plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN108009336A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-08 北京航空航天大学 A kind of micro- truss structure carrying and the Multipurpose Optimal Method of thermal protection structure

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120425

Termination date: 20150829