CN202199518U - Talcum ore dressing device - Google Patents

Talcum ore dressing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202199518U
CN202199518U CN2011203320056U CN201120332005U CN202199518U CN 202199518 U CN202199518 U CN 202199518U CN 2011203320056 U CN2011203320056 U CN 2011203320056U CN 201120332005 U CN201120332005 U CN 201120332005U CN 202199518 U CN202199518 U CN 202199518U
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China
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talcum
swift
gangue
scraper plate
water flow
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011203320056U
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Chinese (zh)
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张忠路
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

A talcum ore dressing device comprises a big horizontal drum, a big drum support saddle, a separation scraper, a feed opening, a talcum discharge opening, a gangue discharge opening and more than one group of power units for driving the big drum and the separation scraper to rotate respectively. The ore dressing device is characterized in that: (1) the inner chamber of the big drum is divided into a left part and a right part by a vertically arranged baffle plate, a feeding device is arranged on one side and the separation scraper is arranged on the other side, and the vertical-arranged baffle plate, the feeding device and the separation scraper can not rotate with the rotation of the big drum; (2) three separated water flow switches are arranged at one end of the feed opening of the big drum; (3) a gangue belt conveyor and a trough plate for collecting the talcum are respectively arranged between the vertically arranged baffle plate and the separation scraper and at a position lower than the scraper; and (5) a spray water pipe with holes on the lower part is arranged above the trough plate and is parallel to the trough plate. The device has the advantages as follows: (1) the dressing efficiency and sorting accuracy of the talcum dressing are improved; (2) the dust is reduced; (3) the noise is reduced; and (4) the service life of the machine is prolonged.

Description

A kind of ore-dressing plant of talcum
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of beneficiation method, is specifically related to the ore-dressing plant in a kind of talcum ore deposit.
Background technology
Talcum is a hydrated magnesium silicate, and molecular formula is Mg 3(Si 4O 10) (OH) 2, dead-soft has lubricated sense, and hydrophobic, the chemical property torpescence is had many uses in industry.Owing to the talcum powder that is mostly that in industry, uses, so its production process must be passed through multiple working procedures such as mining, ore dressing, pulverizing.
The ore dressing of talcum, existing method mainly is divided into: several kinds of picking, light choosing, flotation and magnetic separation etc.The light choosing is to utilize UV-irradiation, and talcum issues white fluorescent at ultraviolet light, gangue does not fluoresce; Flotation is to utilize talcum oleophylic, the hydrophilic characteristic of gangue; Magnetic separation mainly is to remove the ferromagnetism gangue.Above-mentioned various beneficiation method, not only complex process; Equipment investment is big, and the scope of application is very narrow, is difficult to apply.The artificial hand selection, labour intensity is big, production efficiency is low; And easy omission granule talcum, cause the loss of mineral resources.So, await technically to improve for the ore dressing of talcum.
Chinese invention patent publication number 90101970.4 been reported a kind of excessively " device of sort talc "; It mainly utilizes the difference of the surface flatness of granule talcum and gangue (promptly assorted stone); Is that male and fomale(M&F), rear end are that the swash plate on plane slips over them from front end; Make talcum fall different positions respectively with gangue, repeatable operation reaches the purpose that talcum separates with gangue so repeatedly.Its effect of this sorting unit is unsatisfactory, and repeatedly not only its mechanical floor space is big for repeatable operation, and mineral aggregate also rolls diffusing easily, the waste resource.
Chinese patent 200520034521.5 discloses a kind of " talcum and assorted stone seperator ", and its sorting unit is formed by supporting positioning and rolling wheel, swift, separation scraper plate, conveyer belt, plate washer, charging bucket and discharging bucket.The compound of talcum and assorted stone (being gangue) is sent in the swift,, separated with the different gliding speeds of gangue according to talcum along with swift and the rotation that separates scraper plate.This talcum and assorted stone seperator; Though be much improved than aforesaid talcum sorting unit performance; But still have the problem that dust is big, noise is big during its work, and scraper plate also has bigger wearing and tearing to the swift inwall, its sharpness of separation and the efficiency of separation also all also have room for improvement in addition.
The utility model content
To problem and shortcoming that above-mentioned several kinds of talcum ore-dressing plants exist, the design people relies on the practical experience of being engaged in talcum ore dressing work for a long time, has proposed a kind of more advanced talcum ore-dressing plant.
The talcum ore-dressing plant of the utility model has utilized different with the difference of coefficient of friction between the steel plate and hydrophilicity of talcum and gangue, and the means that adopt current and mechanical rotation to combine reach the purpose that talcum and gangue are effectively separated.
The utility model just is based on above-mentioned talcum ore dressing principle; Design a kind of talcum ore-dressing plant with current; It includes: horizontal steel swift, swift bearing, separation scraper plate;, charging aperture, talcum discharging opening, gangue discharging opening with drive swift respectively and separate the power set more than a group that scraper plate rotates, it is characterized in that:
(1) inner chamber of swift is put plate washer and is divided into left and right two parts by perpendicular, and a side lower part of baffle plate is settled feed arrangement; Opposite side is settled the separation scraper plate that can rotate, and perpendicularly puts baffle plate, feed arrangement and separates scraper plate and all do not rotate with swift;
What (2) be provided with three separation in the end of swift charging aperture implements respectively that work stone soaks, gangue washes away and the water flow switch of talcum conveying function;
(3) the perpendicular position of putting baffle plate and separate between the scraper plate, be lower than scraper plate is provided with a gangue conveyer belt, and its both sides also are provided with small front apron, and the conveyer belt longitudinal axis is parallel with the longitudinal axis of cylinder;
(4) conveyer belt with separate between the scraper plate, conveyer belt below be provided with in addition and supply collect the frid that talcum is used;
(5) above frid, be mounted with the spray header of the bottom perforate parallel with it.
Its feed end outline of said horizontal swift is above discharge end, and the longitudinal axis of cylinder and ground level can constitute 5 ~ 30 ° inclination angle.
Said separation scraper plate adopts blade wheel structure, is made up of the impeller more than two, and the turning cylinder of impeller is parallel with the longitudinal axis of swift, and the outer end of impeller is pressed close to the inwall of swift mutually.
Can also put sheet rubber at the outer end of impeller edge, like this, both can reduce the friction of impeller and inner wall of rotary drum, reduce noise; It is more tight that impeller and inner wall of rotary drum are fitted, and can more effectively scrape arteriolith.
Said three water flow switches, first water flow switch are placed in work stone import department top, and its effect is to soak work stone with current.After the work stone immersion, because talcum is hydrophobic, gangue is hydrophilic, and both more evident difference will occur at the movement velocity in current.Hydrophilic gangue presents bigger viscosity in current; And movement velocity is also very fast; It will be along with the slow rotation of swift is risen along its inwall; Separated scraper plate sweeps the opposite side that gets rid of to swift, puts stopping of baffle plate and falls on the gangue conveyer belt that parallels with the swift longitudinal axis through perpendicular.Second water flow switch is placed in gangue conveyer belt termination, and its water (flow) direction is parallel with conveyer belt, can the gangue of separating on the conveyer belt be rushed at the gangue exit of the swift other end with it.The 3rd water flow switch then connecting the spray header that compartment of terrain, a tube wall bottom has the sealing of the water outlet hole other end.Originally hydrophobic talcum is little owing to coefficient of friction in current; It can not rise along its inwall along with the slow rotation of swift; Only down landing and be trapped in the spray header below of inner chamber temporarily stops charging, at this moment when the talcum that is detained is abundant; Open the 3rd water flow switch, lentamente talcum is delivered to the terminal talcum of swift exit through spray header by the current that this water flow switch is emitted.As long as regulate the flow and the flow velocity of above-mentioned three strands of current through three water flow switches, just can make the talcum ore-dressing plant operate as normal of the utility model, stablize and efficiently talcum is separated with gangue, thereby accomplish the ore dressing task of talcum well.
Above-mentioned three strands of current finally can import in the water storing tank through filtering the back at the end of this device, and are withdrawn into again with water pump and do recycle in the pipeline, and water resource is not wasted.
Compare with existing talcum ore-dressing plant, the utlity model has following advantage:
(1) beneficiating efficiency and the sharpness of separation of talcum have been improved.Owing to set up water flow apparatus, utilized the different of talcum and gangue hydrophilicity dexterously, make that coefficient of friction difference becomes bigger between talcum and the gangue of script, thereby improved the precision and the efficient of talcum ore dressing;
(2) reduce dust, reduced the danger that operating personnel suffer from anthraco-silicosis.Because talcum and gangue all move in current all the time, so thoroughly eliminated the harm of dust in the air;
(3) reduce noise, improved operating personnel's working environment.Owing to separate the existence that moisture film is arranged between scraper plate and the swift inwall, reduced friction between the two, can reduce the generation of noise effectively.
(4) reduced to separate the mechanical wear of scraper plate and swift, the working life that prolonged machine itself.This is because between separation scraper plate and swift inwall, increased water membrane, thereby has reduced bump and the friction of scraper plate to the swift inwall.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a device feed end structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a device Y cross-sectional view of the present invention; Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1; In Fig. 1,2,1 horizontal steel swift; 2 swift supports; The 3 perpendicular plate washers of putting; 4 charging apertures; Version is scraped in 5 separation; 6 scraper plate turning cylinders; 7 scraper plate impeller; 8 gangue conveyer belts; 9 conveyer belt small front aprons; 10 talcums are collected frid; 11 spray headers; 12,13,14 water flow switches; 15 gangue discharging openings; 16 talcum discharging openings;
Fig. 3 is the B zone partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the C zone partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment
Be further described and replenish below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment device the utility model.
Like Fig. 1, shown in 2, earlier process horizontal swift 1 with roll of steel plate, more horizontal swift is placed on its bearing 2, bearing two height is uneven, makes the feed end of swift will be a little more than discharge end, can become 5 ~ 30 ° of inclination angles between its longitudinal axis and the ground level.Be mounted with drive motors and decelerator (, having omitted in the drawings) on the bearing in addition, settle a perpendicular baffle plate 3 of putting in the inner chamber of swift because be not the main contents of invention; With should perpendicular putting baffle plate inner chamber was divided into left and right sides two parts; The bottom of baffle plate one side is provided with charging aperture 4, and opposite side is provided with and separates scraper plate 5, scraper plate employing blade wheel structure, is made up of turning cylinder 6 and the impeller more than two 7; The front end of impeller is pressed close to inner wall of rotary drum mutually, and can inlay and put sheet rubber.Impeller is with another motor-driven (this motor is a current techique, and Gu Tushang also omits).Be provided with a gangue conveyer belt 8 in the perpendicular position of putting baffle plate and separate between the scraper plate, be lower than scraper plate, the conveyer belt longitudinal axis is parallel with the longitudinal axis of cylinder.The both sides of conveyer belt also are provided with small front apron 9, are scattered in the gangue transport process in order to preventing.Conveyer belt with separate between the scraper plate, conveyer belt below be provided with and supply collect the frid 10 that talcum is used, axially also the paralleling of frid with the longitudinal axis of cylinder.Above-mentioned perpendicular dividing plate, conveying belt and the frid put all fixed with the support that runs through swift respectively, do not rotate with swift.The top of frid be provided with one with the isometric spray header parallel 11 of swift with frid, three independently water flow switches 12,13 and 14 are set respectively at the feed end place of cylinder.Water flow switch 12 is positioned at the place ahead of feed hopper, and its current are used to soak work stone; After the work stone immersion, because talcum is hydrophobic, gangue is hydrophilic, and both more evident difference will occur at the movement velocity in current.Hydrophilic gangue presents bigger viscosity in current; And movement velocity is also very fast; It will be along with the slow rotation of swift is risen along its inwall; Separated scraper plate sweeps the opposite side that gets rid of to swift, puts stopping of baffle plate and falls on the gangue conveyer belt that parallels with the swift longitudinal axis through perpendicular.Second water flow switch 13 is positioned at gangue conveyer belt head, and its current are used to wash away the gangue after the separation, and it is delivered to gangue discharging opening 15 places; Originally hydrophobic talcum is little owing to coefficient of friction in current; It can be along with the slow rotation of swift rises along its inwall, and only down landing and be trapped in the spray header below of inner chamber temporarily stops charging when the talcum that is detained is abundant; At this moment; Open the 3rd water flow switch 14,, utilize the current of its ejection can talcum be transported to tail end from the front end of collecting frid because it is connected with the talcum shower; And via 16 discharges of talcum discharging opening, and be transported to next process.
Above-mentioned three strands of current finally can import in the water storing tank through filtering the back at the end of this device, and are withdrawn into again with water pump and do recycle in the pipeline, and water resource is not wasted.
Compare with the design of Chinese patent ZL200520034521.5; Though seeming, the utility model only increased by three strands of current; But because we have utilized the different of talcum and gangue water-wet behavior cleverly, the coefficient of friction difference of script between talcum and the gangue is further increased, not only improved the sharpness of separation of talcum through current; And eliminated the dust pollution of workshop; Also reduce the noise of machine when producing simultaneously, thereby improved operating personnel's working condition and working environment greatly, obtained beyond thought, splendid technique effect.
The above embodiments only are the utility model preferred implementation; But the embodiment of the utility model should not be restricted to the described embodiments; Other any do not deviate from change, the modification made under spirit and the principle of the utility model, substitutes, combination, simplify, all should be regarded as the substitute mode of equivalence, therefore is included within the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. talcum ore-dressing plant, it comprises: horizontal steel swift, swift bearing, separate scraper plate,, charging aperture, talcum discharging opening, gangue discharging opening with drive swift respectively and separate the power set more than a group that scraper plate rotates, it is characterized in that:
(1) inner chamber of swift is put plate washer and is divided into left and right two parts by perpendicular, and a side lower part of baffle plate is settled feed arrangement, and opposite side is settled the separation scraper plate that can rotate, and perpendicularly puts baffle plate, feed arrangement and separates scraper plate and all do not rotate with swift;
(2) implement respectively what an end of swift charging aperture was provided with three separation that work stone soaks, gangue washes away and the water flow switch of talcum conveying function;
(3) the perpendicular position of putting baffle plate and separate between the scraper plate, be lower than scraper plate is provided with a gangue conveyer belt, and its both sides also are provided with small front apron, and the conveyer belt longitudinal axis is parallel with the longitudinal axis of cylinder;
(4) conveyer belt with separate between the scraper plate, conveyer belt below be provided with in addition and supply collect the frid that talcum is used;
(5) above frid, be mounted with the spray header of the bottom perforate parallel with it.
2. by the described talcum ore-dressing plant of claim 1, it is characterized in that its feed end outline of said horizontal swift above discharge end, the longitudinal axis of cylinder and ground level can constitute 5 ~ 30 ° inclination angle.
3. by the described talcum ore-dressing plant of claim 1, it is characterized in that said separation scraper plate adopts blade wheel structure, be made up of the impeller more than two that the turning cylinder of impeller is parallel with the longitudinal axis of swift, the outer end of impeller is pressed close to the inwall of swift mutually.
4. by the described talcum ore-dressing plant of claim 3, it is characterized in that its outer end edge of said impeller puts sheet rubber.
5. by the described talcum ore-dressing plant of claim 1, it is characterized in that said three water flow switches, first water flow switch is placed in work stone import department top.
6. by the described talcum ore-dressing plant of claim 1, it is characterized in that said three water flow switches, second water flow switch is placed in gangue conveyer belt termination, and its water (flow) direction is parallel with conveyer belt.
7. by the described talcum ore-dressing plant of claim 1, it is characterized in that said three water flow switches, the 3rd water flow switch connecting one and is being arranged on the spray header that its compartment of terrain, tube wall bottom, talcum collection frid top has water outlet hole, other end sealing.
CN2011203320056U 2011-09-06 2011-09-06 Talcum ore dressing device Expired - Fee Related CN202199518U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203320056U CN202199518U (en) 2011-09-06 2011-09-06 Talcum ore dressing device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203320056U CN202199518U (en) 2011-09-06 2011-09-06 Talcum ore dressing device

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CN202199518U true CN202199518U (en) 2012-04-25

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CN2011203320056U Expired - Fee Related CN202199518U (en) 2011-09-06 2011-09-06 Talcum ore dressing device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102489388A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-13 辽宁艾海滑石有限公司 Talc wash-dressing machine
CN102974448A (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-03-20 张忠路 Talc ore beneficiation method and talc ore beneficiation device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102974448A (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-03-20 张忠路 Talc ore beneficiation method and talc ore beneficiation device
CN102489388A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-13 辽宁艾海滑石有限公司 Talc wash-dressing machine
CN102489388B (en) * 2011-12-23 2014-03-05 辽宁艾海滑石有限公司 Talc wash-dressing machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120425

Termination date: 20160906

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee