CN202107398U - Elevator running state monitoring and malfunction remote alarm system - Google Patents

Elevator running state monitoring and malfunction remote alarm system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202107398U
CN202107398U CN2011201764086U CN201120176408U CN202107398U CN 202107398 U CN202107398 U CN 202107398U CN 2011201764086 U CN2011201764086 U CN 2011201764086U CN 201120176408 U CN201120176408 U CN 201120176408U CN 202107398 U CN202107398 U CN 202107398U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
elevator
microprocessor
monitoring
sensor
running
Prior art date
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CN2011201764086U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩树新
刘松国
吴斌
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杭州市特种设备检测院
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Priority to CN2011201764086U priority Critical patent/CN202107398U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202107398U publication Critical patent/CN202107398U/en

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Abstract

An elevator running state monitoring and malfunction remote alarm system belongs to the technical field of elevator safe material connection and is characterized in that the system adopts an embedded frame. The elevator running state monitoring and malfunction remote alarm system is composed of a microprocessor, a power supply module and series of peripheral expanding modules. The power supply module and the series of the peripheral expanding modules are connected with the microprocessor in matching mode. The series of the peripheral expanding modules comprise a clock chip, a nonvolatile storage, an upper level sensor, a lower level sensor, a human body detector, an upper limit sensor, a lower limit sensor, a base station sensor, a condition display circuit and a first recommended standard (RS) 485 communication bus. The system can be applied to various traction type elevators and monitors running states such as running speed, running directions, current layers, opening and closing of gates and the like of the elevator in real time. When elevator faults, such as stopping of the elevator outside the door, opening of the door in running, overlong running time, reaching to the top, touching the bottom, overspeed, stuck people and the like occur, the system can perform remote alarm immediately, and elevator centralized monitoring and emergency treatment management in a range of city areas can be obtained.

Description

Elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the elevator safety thing and joins technical field, is specifically related to a kind of universal elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system.

Background technology

Elevator is an indispensable vertical transportation instrument in the city; Propelling along with capital construction; The equipment usage quantity of elevator grows with each passing day, and nowadays, China has become the whole world maximum elevator manufacture base and elevator market; National elevator recoverable amount in 2008 just surpasses 1,100,000, in metropolitan elevator quantity just to be higher than 10% ratio cumulative year after year.As a kind of electromechanical appliance of frequent operation of complicacy, the probability of Lift out of order is very big already, adds elevator " aging " year by year, gets into the multiple phase of fault, has elevator faults to stop ladder and the oppressive accident generation of fault repeatedly.Therefore, elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system, the important technology that becomes elevator accident early warning in early stage and accident emergency alarm supports.

Development along with economic society; People improve the requirement of production and living safety day by day; Guarantee that elevator safety operation has become the important content that promotes construction of harmonious society, scope is disposed elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system in the metropolitan area, necessitates.But monitoring running state and fault remote alarming device that present part elevator company is developed only can be suitable for the elevator of own brand, and are not suitable for the elevator of other brand, do not have commonality aspect elevator operation monitoring and the fault remote alarms.And these devices are through RS232/RS485/RS422 interface and elevator main controller communication; Directly read the status data of elevator; And judge according to the state inference logic whether elevator moves normally, and the concrete fault type of error state, through GSM note, GPRS network elevator operation information and fault alarm information are sent to remote management platform again; That have even only elevator faults information is sent to the short range supervision center through CAN bus, 485 buses; There is the high problem of maintenance cost in the former, and the latter exists agreement not general, problem such as can not be in the metropolitan area scope integrated.

Summary of the invention

The utility model is intended to based on embedded system technology, network technology and multi-sensor information fusion technology, a kind of universal elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system is provided, to overcome the problem that exists in the prior art.

Described elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system; It is characterized in that said system adopts embedded architecture; By microprocessor and be mated the bonded assembly power module, serial peripheral expansion module is formed, serial peripheral expansion module comprises the clock chip, the nonvolatile memory that is used for memory system working parameter and historical failure alarm message that are used to provide time reference, be used to detect the running state of elevator last level transducer and following level transducer, be used to detect peoplesniffer that whether people is arranged in the elevator cage, be used to detect limes superiors sensor and smallest limit sensor that whether elevator arrive the high-low limit position, be used to detect elevator whether arrive the base station sensor of base station and be used to show sensor information and elevator operation information status display circuit, be used to export the first via RS485 communication bus of elevator operation and fault alarm information.

Monitoring of described elevator operation and fault remote alarming system is characterized in that the described peripheral expansion module that is connected with microprocessor comprises and are used for setting up communication bonded assembly the second road RS485 communication bus with elevator maintain and protection work attendance device, 3-axis acceleration sensor class elevator functions annex.

Described elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system is characterized in that the described peripheral expansion module that is connected with microprocessor comprises the power sense circuit that is used to detect input power source voltage level..

Described elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system; It is characterized in that described microprocessor adopts the AVR microprocessor of 8 High Performance, low-power consumption, risc architecture, has 64K Flash, 4K SRAM, 2K EEPROM, two-way serial USART able to programme and 53 programmable I/O mouths.

Described elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system is characterized in that described power module adopts direct current 12V, two grades of DC supply structures of direct current 5V.

The elevator operation monitoring is novel in design with the fault remote alarming system; Rational in infrastructure; Can be applicable to the traction elevator of various types; Running statees such as the running velocity of real-time monitoring elevator, service direction, current stop, gate switching; Stop ladder, running open, time of run overlength, the end of rushing to summit, squat, hypervelocity outside the Dang Men district, can implement remote alarms immediately when all kinds of elevator faults such as oppressive take place, through the RS485 bus elevator operation and fault alarm information are sent to remote management platform, the application of the utility model can be implemented in implements the elevator centralized monitoring in the metropolitan area scope and emergency treatment is managed.

Description of drawings

Shown in Figure 1 is the utility model structural representation.

Among the figure: 1 – microprocessor, 2 – power modules, 3 – clock chips, 4 – nonvolatile memorys, 5 – status display circuits, 6 – first via RS485 communication buses, 7 –, the second road RS485 communication bus, 8 – power sense circuits, 9 – go up level transducer, 11 – peoplesniffers, 12 – limes superiors sensors, 13 – smallest limit sensors, 14 – base station sensors under level transducer, 10 –.

The specific embodiment

As shown be elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system, by microprocessor 1 and be mated bonded assembly power module 2, serial peripheral expansion module is formed, system's employing embedded architecture.Described microprocessor 1 adopts the AVR microprocessor of 8 High Performance, low-power consumption, risc architecture; Have 64K Flash, 4K SRAM, 2K EEPROM, two-way serial USART able to programme and 53 programmable I/O mouths, performance is up to 16 MIPS when working in 16MHz.Described power module 2 adopts direct current 12V and two grades of DC supply structures of direct current 5V, and the 12V direct supply is used for driving sensor, and the 5V direct supply is a chip power supply.Said serial peripheral expansion module comprises real-time timepiece chip 3, nonvolatile memory 4, goes up level transducer 9, level transducer 10, peoplesniffer 11, limes superiors sensor 12, smallest limit sensor 13, base station sensor 14, status display circuit 5, first via RS485 communication bus 6, the second road RS485 communication bus 7, power sense circuit 8 etc. down; Wherein: real-time timepiece chip 3 is used to provide time reference, and elevator operation information and fault alarm information that system is monitored all have time marking; Nonvolatile memory 4 is used for memory system working parameter and historical failure alarm message as the backup of microprocessor 1 in-to-in Flash, can guarantee under the situation of system's power down that data also can long preservation, and Keeping life can reach more than 1 year; Last level transducer 9 can adopt Photoelectric infrared switch with following level transducer 10; Also can adopt magnet contactor; Both are used; Be used to judge whether the service direction of elevator and elevator are in level position, according to last level transducer 9 and the running velocity of following level transducer 10 through the time estimation elevator of cage guide flat bed plate; Peoplesniffer 11 can adopt the infrared induction principle to realize whether be used to detect elevator cage inside has the people; Limes superiors sensor 12, smallest limit sensor 13, base station sensor 14 adopt magnet contactor respectively; Limes superiors sensor 12 is used to detect lift car and whether arrives the limes superiors position; Smallest limit sensor 13 is used to detect elevator cage and whether arrives the smallest limit position, and base station sensor 14 is used to detect elevator cage and whether reaches base station location; Status display circuit 5 can adopt LED display mode or LCD display mode; Be used to show the signal of each sensor acquisition; Comprise whether the people is arranged in power supply status, gate open and-shut mode, the sedan-chair case, whether flat bed, elevator arrive whether limes superiors position, elevator arrive the smallest limit position, whether elevator is positioned at base station location to elevator; Whether the running state information that also shows elevator comprises service direction, breaks down etc.; First via RS485 communication bus 6 is used to connect network communication device, and according to communications protocol elevator operation and fault alarm information is transferred to the telemanagement center; The second road RS485 communication bus 7 is used for setting up communication with the elevator functions annex and is connected, like elevator maintain and protection work attendance device, 3-axis acceleration sensor etc.; Power sense circuit 8 detects input power source voltage level; The 12V direct supply that power module 2 is provided is through the laggard ADC pin of going into microprocessor 1 of precision resistance dividing potential drop; Be used for the monitoring system power supply voltage; When power supply voltage is lower than setting value, be lower than 80% o'clock of rated value like the power supply detected value, microprocessor 1 sends that power supply voltage is not enough reports to the police.

Above-mentioned first via RS485 communication bus 6 is as shown in table 1 with the communications protocol of network communication device, and frame category is for just often, and content frame comprises in elevator speed, direction, current stop, the sedan-chair case whether the people is arranged; When frame category was fault, content frame comprised in fault type, current stop, the car whether the people is arranged.

Table 1: the communications protocol of first via RS485 communication bus and network communication device

Claims (5)

1. elevator operation monitoring and fault remote alarming system; It is characterized in that said system adopts embedded architecture; By microprocessor (1) and be mated bonded assembly power module (2), serial peripheral expansion module is formed, serial peripheral expansion module comprises the clock chip (3), the nonvolatile memory (4) that is used for memory system working parameter and historical failure alarm message that are used to provide time reference, be used to detect the running state of elevator last level transducer (9) and following level transducer (10), be used to detect peoplesniffer (11) that whether people is arranged in the elevator cage, be used to detect limes superiors sensor (12) and smallest limit sensor (13) that whether elevator arrive the high-low limit position, be used to detect elevator whether arrive the base station sensor (14) of base station and be used to show sensor information and elevator operation information status display circuit (5), be used to export the first via RS485 communication bus (6) of elevator operation and fault alarm information.
2. elevator operation as claimed in claim 1 monitoring and fault remote alarming system is characterized in that the described peripheral expansion module that is connected with microprocessor (1) comprises and are used for setting up communication bonded assembly the second road RS485 communication bus (7) with elevator maintain and protection work attendance device, 3-axis acceleration sensor class elevator functions annex.
3. elevator operation monitoring as claimed in claim 1 and fault remote alarming system is characterized in that the described peripheral expansion module that is connected with microprocessor (1) comprises the power sense circuit (8) that is used to detect input power source voltage level.
4. elevator operation monitoring as claimed in claim 1 and fault remote alarming system; It is characterized in that described microprocessor (1) adopts the AVR microprocessor of 8 High Performance, low-power consumption, risc architecture, has 64K Flash, 4K SRAM, 2K EEPROM, two-way serial USART able to programme and 53 programmable I/O mouths.
5. elevator operation monitoring as claimed in claim 1 and fault remote alarming system is characterized in that described power module (2) adopts direct current 12V, two grades of DC supply structures of direct current 5V.
CN2011201764086U 2011-05-30 2011-05-30 Elevator running state monitoring and malfunction remote alarm system CN202107398U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102701036A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 长沙鑫盛电梯有限公司 Measurement and control early warning system for elevator
CN103043505A (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-04-17 深圳市正弦电气股份有限公司 Elevator control system, control method and device thereof and elevator
CN103231963A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-08-07 江苏莫洛克新材料科技有限公司 Automatic elevator maintenance detection system
CN103482446A (en) * 2013-09-25 2014-01-01 西安理工大学 Electronic top crashing prevention monitoring system for construction lift
CN104692210A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-10 东南和创(厦门)电梯安全科技有限公司 Safety monitoring and multimedia playing system for elevator
CN105883517A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 中国科学院自动化研究所 Online real-time detection device and method for elevator faults
CN106744233A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 广东技术师范学院 A kind of state of elevator record and safety device
CN109573770A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-05 北京凯瑞通电子技术有限公司 A kind of elevator operation monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN110104518A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-09 河南中盛物联网有限公司 Elevator faults method of discrimination, monitoring system and computer storage medium
CN110240041A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-17 安徽电梯大叔科技有限公司 A kind of elevator faults monitor and alarm system
CN110921449A (en) * 2018-09-19 2020-03-27 奥的斯电梯公司 Sensor-based shutdown detection for elevator systems

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103043505A (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-04-17 深圳市正弦电气股份有限公司 Elevator control system, control method and device thereof and elevator
CN103043505B (en) * 2012-04-27 2015-01-21 深圳市正弦电气股份有限公司 Elevator control system, control method and device thereof and elevator
CN102701036A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 长沙鑫盛电梯有限公司 Measurement and control early warning system for elevator
CN103231963A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-08-07 江苏莫洛克新材料科技有限公司 Automatic elevator maintenance detection system
CN103482446A (en) * 2013-09-25 2014-01-01 西安理工大学 Electronic top crashing prevention monitoring system for construction lift
CN104692210A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-10 东南和创(厦门)电梯安全科技有限公司 Safety monitoring and multimedia playing system for elevator
CN105883517B (en) * 2016-06-14 2018-10-30 中国科学院自动化研究所 Elevator faults on-line real-time measuremen device and detection method
CN105883517A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 中国科学院自动化研究所 Online real-time detection device and method for elevator faults
CN106744233A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 广东技术师范学院 A kind of state of elevator record and safety device
CN106744233B (en) * 2016-12-30 2018-10-02 广东技术师范学院 A kind of state of elevator record and safety device
CN110921449A (en) * 2018-09-19 2020-03-27 奥的斯电梯公司 Sensor-based shutdown detection for elevator systems
CN109573770A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-05 北京凯瑞通电子技术有限公司 A kind of elevator operation monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN110104518A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-09 河南中盛物联网有限公司 Elevator faults method of discrimination, monitoring system and computer storage medium
CN110240041A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-17 安徽电梯大叔科技有限公司 A kind of elevator faults monitor and alarm system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20120111

Termination date: 20170530