CN202084130U - Solar grid fireproof monitoring and pre-warning system for forestry - Google Patents

Solar grid fireproof monitoring and pre-warning system for forestry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202084130U
CN202084130U CN 201120198530 CN201120198530U CN202084130U CN 202084130 U CN202084130 U CN 202084130U CN 201120198530 CN201120198530 CN 201120198530 CN 201120198530 U CN201120198530 U CN 201120198530U CN 202084130 U CN202084130 U CN 202084130U
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China
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gridding
forestry
early warning
power
intelligent
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201120198530
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Inventor
陈文良
陈文生
黄东元
蔡丽清
施志杰
陈建章
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WINCHANCE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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WENCHUANG SOLAR ENERGY (FUJIAN) SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a solar grid fireproof monitoring and pre-warning system for forestry. The solar grid fireproof monitoring and pre-warning system is characterized by comprising a plurality of front-end acquisition systems and a monitoring center, wherein the front-end acquisition systems are used for transmitting acquired fire information to the monitoring center in a wired or wireless manner, and the fire information includes video, smoke and/or temperature information. The solar grid fireproof monitoring and pre-warning system has the advantages that the limit of the original artificial observation on fire is avoided, the digitization and scientification of forestry management are realized, expenditure and management cost of a forestry department are greatly lowered, and the effect of a forestry enterprise is improved.

Description

Sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system, is mainly used in forest fire protection.
Background technology
Forest fire is one of important disaster of global forestry, and along with the continuous development of China's afforestation cause, fireproofing becomes top priority.Forest fire protection must implement " put prevention first, actively put out a fire to save life and property " policy, really accomplish early to find, early solve.At present, based on the remote wireless monitoring system of radio network technique, be widely used in forest fire protection monitoring field, domestic and international similar research and development overview is:
One, existing in the world forest fire protection alarm technique:
1, Germany: FIRE-WATCH forest fire automatic early-warning system
The FIRE-WATCH forest fire automatic early-warning system that Germany comes into operation normally monitors 10 kilometers of radiuses, the every cover of this system is installed is needed 7.5 ten thousand Euros, and need the 120-130 cover in the installation of Brandenburg state, about 1,000 ten thousand Euros.
2, the U.S.: aircraft and the infrared remote sensing fire alarm aircraft patrol of protecting a forest
The U.S. utilizes " the earth " satellite to turn round around the earth on overhead about 705 kilometers track, surveys ground high temperature area, dense smoke area and fire ruins.The U.S. uses unmanned forest fires prior-warning plane to carry out monitoring in 24 hours, though obtained success, has expended a huge sum of money.
3, Canada: Canada adopts satellite itinerant monitor system system
Canada adopts from satellite emission electromagnetic radiation and detects the forest zone temperature, rises to 150 ℃~200 ℃ when detecting a certain forest zone local temperature, when infrared wave reaches 3.7 microns, is the fire omen, measures actual temp immediately, the fire prevention in time of taking measures.Simultaneously, Canadian forest zone adopts many helicopters that are equipped with the advanced person to monitor forest fire in turn, and the flight expense per hour needs the 5000-6000 Canadian dollar.
Though it is reliable that external technology has, need be by high altitude satellite, and construction is too complicated; It is too big that investment is implemented on the technical scheme basis that has, and reaches the hundreds of thousands dollar, and input cost is too high, and these are difficult to satisfy the actual needs of China's Forest Resources monitoring.
Summary of the invention
The utility model aims to provide a kind of sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system, to solve structure and the construction complexity that prior art exists, investment and the high problem of operating cost.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system, it is characterized in that, comprise front-end collection system and Surveillance center, a plurality of front-end collection system is transferred to Surveillance center with the condition of a fire information of gathering by wired or wireless mode; Described condition of a fire information comprises video, smog and/or temperature information.
Described front-end collection system is acquisition system movably, comprise video camera, sun power and wind energy complementary electric supply installation, Intelligent Information Processing device, intelligent position locating device and the front end microwave transceiver device that to rotate, the information output of video camera is connected by the input end of signal conditioning package with the front end microwave transceiver device, and sun power and wind energy complementary electric supply installation are supplied with the power supply of video camera, Intelligent Information Processing device, intelligent position locating device and front end microwave transceiver device; Video camera is furnished with camera lens.
Described Surveillance center comprises rear end microwave transceiver device, the network switch, main control computer, monitor terminal, video wall and ups power, the output terminal of rear end microwave transceiver device is connected with the interface of main control computer by the network switch, main control computer is connected with video wall by Video Decoder, connects one or several monitor terminals on main control computer; Described each device is equipped with ups power; Described front end microwave transceiver device and rear end microwave transceiver device or replace by fibre-optic transmission system (FOTS).
Described main control computer is equipped with Internet video management system, gridding Geographic Information System, forest fires discerns warning system automatically; Utilize GPS positional information in the front-end collection system, in Geographic Information System, each control point is carried out geocoding, simultaneously the coordinate of each control point is directly implemented on electronic chart, in a single day Geographic Information System receives the position data of the digital The Cloud Terrace passback of specific coding like this, by setting up certain location conversion mathematical model, realize the gridding management function; System also possesses artificial positioning function.
Described main control computer also is connected with other control centers by the other network switch.
Described main control computer is connected with projector and mobile gateway.
Described front-end collection system also is provided with intelligent weather station and theft protection for devices device, and the signal output part of intelligent weather station and theft protection for devices device divides and is connected with the corresponding interface of described Intelligent Information Processing device; The breath information that the intelligence weather station sends is taked corresponding safeguard procedures by the signal conditioning package controlling automatically video camera; The burglar alarm information transmission that the theft protection for devices device sends is to Surveillance center.
Described intelligent weather station chief component has: meteorological sensor unit, weather data collector, communication module, electric power system and various connecting line, the induced signal of meteorological sensor unit is transported to communication module by the weather data collector, and carries out exchanges data by communication module and described Surveillance center; The electric power system of intelligence weather station is provided with separately, or by described solar power supply apparatus power supply.
Each described front-end collection system is installed in respectively on the pylon of the difference fire prevention control point in the forest, each fire monitoring point cooperates directional antenna to link to each other with relay station by 5.8GHz or 2.4GHz broadband wireless bridge equipment, and relay station is set up communication contact by wireless bridge or wired optical fiber with the Surveillance center that is located at street/fire prevention command centre of city office.
Also be provided with wind power generation plant, adopt a charging-discharging controller unification to control with described solar power supply apparatus.
The utility model has the advantages that: avoided the original limitation of observing the condition of a fire of manually watching from a height or a distance, realized forest zone administering digitalization, scientific, significantly reduced the expense expenditure and the handling cost of forest department, improved the effect of forest zone enterprise.These system's characteristics have:
1, digital echo The Cloud Terrace is in conjunction with GIS, and fiery point is managed in gridding, accurately the longitude and latitude location.
2, forest fires automatic recognition system, the realization condition of a fire is reported to the police automatically.
3, note issue condition of a fire information, in time rapidly.
4, field equipment guard against theft and alarm system effectively prevents device losses and artificial destruction.
5, open-air stringing construction is avoided in remote microwave transmission.
6, system's energy resource consumption is satisfied in intelligent solar power supply.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a general structure block diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of an embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the general structure synoptic diagram of microwave transmission network of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the overall formation synoptic diagram of intelligent weather station of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the overall formation synoptic diagram of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of sun power gridding of the utility model forestry fire monitoring early warning system, comprise A of front-end collection system and Surveillance center 2, be distributed in monitored forest a plurality of front-end collection A1 of system everywhere ... An is transferred to Surveillance center 2 with the condition of a fire information of gathering by wired (as optical cable) or wireless mode (comprising communication modes such as 3G, 4G, EDGE, GPRS, CDMA); Described condition of a fire information comprises video, smog (passing through smoke transducer) and/or temperature (passing through infrared measurement of temperature) information.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, distributing is elaborated to each ingredient described in the utility model.
1, the A of front-end collection system: form by video camera (comprising camera lens), microwave transmission (transmitting-receiving) device.The all or part of device of front-end collection system can be fixed on the pylon, also can be installed in by (as travel(l)ing rest or dolly) on the mobile device.Can the GPS locating module be installed on this mobile device, be embedded in the front-end collection system, by the angle longitude and latitude of GPS passback, gridding management front end in geography information.
Infrared measurement of temperature has adopted advanced temperature to survey as the basis, and the sensitivity of using thermal imaging that temperature is surveyed is done comparative analysis to the temperature that sets the monitored area, can output alarm signal when surveyed area is higher than the initial setting temperature value.Because its adopted thermal imaging to the heat radiation of object as the imaging basis, so can not be subjected to the influence of weather or environment.Can be under rugged surroundings 24 hours uninterrupted video monitorings.
The described front-end collection A of system also is provided with intelligent weather station and theft protection for devices device, and the signal output part of intelligent weather station and theft protection for devices device divides and is connected with the corresponding interface of described Intelligent Information Processing device; The breath information that the intelligence weather station sends is taked corresponding safeguard procedures by the signal conditioning package controlling automatically video camera.The theft protection for devices device adopts prior art, and when having the people to steal any device of the A of front-end collection system, the burglar alarm information transmission that the theft protection for devices device can send is to Surveillance center 2.
Referring to Fig. 4, described intelligent weather station chief component has: meteorological sensor unit, weather data collector, communication module, electric power system and various connecting line, the induced signal of meteorological sensor unit is transported to communication module by the weather data collector, and carries out exchanges data by communication module and described Surveillance center; The electric power system of intelligence weather station is provided with separately, or by described solar power supply apparatus power supply.
The intelligence weather station is a kind of meteorological remote automatic telemetry equipment in ground that sensing technology, electronic technology, digital-to-analogue technology and computer technology are one that collects, and it is alternative existing based on machinery, manual meteorologic survey instrument.
The intelligence weather station is mainly used in the forestry meteorological observation, has to measure accurately, and stability is high, and environmental suitability waits outstanding advantage by force.System adopts solar panel+backup battery group power supply mode, and can guarantee does not have continuous working under the electric power thus supplied in the open air.System can measure atmospheric temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and rainfall basic meteorological elements such as (optional) automatically, and also can increase special sensor as required, carries out the observation of the cloud level, visibility, weather phenomenon etc.
2, solar electric power supply system: form by solar components, controller, accumulator (group).In order to guarantee system's operate as normal, the front-end collection system has been carried out time sharing power supply, i.e. the power supply mode in daytime and evening, and do not have under the fiery state and the working method that has under the fiery state, to guarantee that the electricity consumption of equipment amount is a minimum.
(1) solar components: its effect is that the emittance with the sun is converted to electric energy, or is sent in the accumulator and stores, or promotes loaded work piece.The quality of solar components and cost will directly determine the quality and the cost of total system.
(2) controller: the effect of controller is the duty of control electric power system, accumulator is played the effect of additives for overcharge protection, over.In the bigger place of the temperature difference, on controller, be provided with temperature-compensation circuit and time sharing power supply control circuit, utilize the working method of light-operated switch or time switch control daytime and evening front-end collection system, gridding forest monitoring range carries out the monitoring of different densities. Utilize condition of a fire information or independent temperature sensor control front-end collection system under no fiery state and working method under the fiery state is arranged, gridding forest monitoring range carries out the monitoring and the frequency acquisition of different densities.
(3) accumulator: be generally lead-acid battery, in the little microsystem, also available Ni-MH battery, nickel-cadmium battery or lithium battery.Its effect is the electrical power storage that solar components is confessed, and it's time to needs to discharge again.
Referring to Fig. 5,, also can be provided with wind power generation plant in order to guarantee the normal power supply of system, adopt a charging-discharging controller unification to control with described solar power supply apparatus, intelligent management sun power, wind energy are optimized complementation, constitute sun power and wind energy complementary electric supply installation.
Wind light mutual complementing can absorb nature wind-force and the sunshine heat is the watch-dog power supply.Wind-light complementary system has possessed the two-fold advantage of wind energy and solar product, can not generate electricity and be stored in accumulator by solar module when having wind energy, wind energy is arranged, can not generate electricity by aerogenerator when having luminous energy, be stored in accumulator.When scene all possesses, can generate electricity simultaneously.Can utilize the generating of sunshine and wind resource by day, utilize wind turbine power generation evening, remedy wind energy power supply or solar powered unicity, make electric power system have more stability and reliability.Operation time by accumulator to load discharge, for load provides electric power.Power switch need not manually-operated, by the switching time and the operation control of intelligent time-control device automatic control equipment.
Wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system is a cover autonomous power supply system, is not subjected to the influence of power supply point, does not also need excavated pavement to do the pipe laying engineering, and site operation and installation are all very convenient.Overall economic efficiency is good.
Except above advantage, compare traditional power supply mode, wind-light complementary system also has energy-saving and emission-reduction, intensive close friend, a large amount of electricity charge expenditures of no later stage, exempt cable shop lineman's journey, need not a large amount of power supply facilities construction, indivedual damages do not influence the overall situation, not influenced by large-area power-cuts, save a large amount of cable expenses, more avoid the stolen loss of cable, Based Intelligent Control, the advantages such as artificial, that construction is simple, easy to maintenance of exempting.
3, microwave transmission system
(1) mainly forms by wireless bridge, transmit antenna, electric power system, lightning protection earthing system etc.;
(2) unicast synoptic diagram;
(3) multicast communication synoptic diagram;
(4) microwave transmission core adopts wireless bridge;
In view of the regulation of the Ministry of Information industry, 2.4GHz/5.8GHz is the open public frequency range of country, need and not put on record in national radio council's application.Therefore we adopt the IEEE802.11 product that is operated on the 2.4GHz/5.8GHZ frequency as wireless bridge joint backbone equipment.Because this frequency range belongs to the open public frequency range of country, so be free fully on using.The radio transmission apparatus that this scheme is selected for use, under the condition that does not stop, maximum transmission distance can reach 10 kilometers, and the peak power during a complete set of equipment operate as normal is lower than 25W, and every day, total power consumption was about 0.6Kw/h (kilowatt/time).
The overall network structure of microwave transmission as shown in Figure 3, each fire monitoring point A1-An cooperates directional antenna to link to each other with relay station B1, B2 by 2.4GHz/5.8GHz broadband wireless bridge equipment, and relay station can be set up communication by the command centre (Surveillance center) 2 that prevents fires of wireless bridge or wired optical fiber and street/city office.
4, system of gridding forest fire protection management command centre (Surveillance center)
Surveillance center 2 discerns warning system, transmission system (microwave transmitting and receiving system), video wall system, ups power etc. automatically by main control computer, Internet video management system, gridding Geographic Information System, forest fires and forms.In Surveillance center 2 following software systems are housed:
(1), the automatic alarm software of forest fire system: the Digital Image Processing of application of advanced and algorithm for pattern recognition and technology are analyzed video data stream, under the forest background, extract pyrotechnics target effective characteristics of image, make these software systems realize the automatic identification of the forest fire of high probability, and have lower condition of a fire false alarm rate.Software can read and control each The Cloud Terrace current state automatically in real time, when finding the condition of a fire, The Cloud Terrace is parked in corresponding position automatically, goes out the position that the condition of a fire takes place from employing red collimation mark in real time video image, and sends alerting signal to the operator on duty.
(2), GIS management system: engine the GIS(Geographic Information System that uses independent research) with intellecture property, based on electronic chart, realize the map basic operational functions, by all kinds of spatial operations and analytical approach, adopt three-dimensional electronic sand table function to check the chevron physical features, realization is to the analysis and prediction of forest fire, and the dynamic management of forest fire protection work is for fire prevention provides planning and decision support intuitively.
(3), gridding fire positioning function: utilize GPS positional information in the front-end collection system, in Geographic Information System, each control point is carried out geocoding, simultaneously the coordinate of each control point is directly implemented on electronic chart, in a single day Geographic Information System receives the position data of the digital The Cloud Terrace passback of specific coding like this, by setting up certain location conversion mathematical model, realize the gridding management function.Simultaneously, system possesses the artificial positioning function of realization;
(4), aid decision making function: the GIS infosystem provides the team that puts out the fire recently to go to condition of a fire point shortest path and leads to the on-the-spot main roads and the traffic capacity, the position of fire-blocking belt is provided and rushes towards the important informations such as time in the scene of a fire.System configuration device network management system realizes the Integrated Network Management to various kinds of equipment.The fully digitalization transmission mode conveniently is connected with other anti-fire center and other forest fire protections management relevant departments.
(5), the intellectuality control of Surveillance center: Surveillance center's 2 main centralized management and video image decompress(ion)s of realizing login user, sub-station equipment, functions such as storage.Simple center is made up of one or several monitor terminals, and they are often finished one to one with the timesharing form or the vision control task of one-to-many.Realize monitor tasks such as warning, video if desired, central apparatus can add alert data storehouse server, digital video-record database server and a plurality of monitor terminal and a large amount of auxiliary monitor terminals.Like this, the user only need set up a video system server in the forestry bureau dispatching center.The leader of office, chief engineer and relevant sections can utilize existing office computer to set up the branch control terminal.
Also several monitor terminals can have been set up easily at dispatching office and concentrator station.These monitor terminals need not be laid special microcomputer and lay video/umbilical cable, utilize the IE browser just can monitor local different locations such as forest zone in office, finish user management by the video system server; Locomotive depot, gamma camera grouping; Remote control priority is provided with and scheduling; Functions such as the storage of video image, retrieval and playback.
The electric map module that system provides is moved with monitoring central server software, and client can be watched image with the IE browser arbitrarily on the net, and it is on-the-spot to watch each monitoring easily, shows maps at different levels intuitively; What be worth a topic is, this cover video system has adopted WEB technology and standard, can with other system compatible such as Enterprise MIS system, become an important ingredient of enterprises information management.

Claims (10)

1. a sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system is characterized in that, comprises front-end collection system and Surveillance center, and a plurality of front-end collection system is connected by wired or wireless mode the condition of a fire information of gathering with Surveillance center; Described condition of a fire information comprises video, smog and/or temperature information.
2. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described front-end collection system is acquisition system movably, comprise the video camera that can rotate, sun power and wind energy complementary electric supply installation, the Intelligent Information Processing device, intelligent position locating device and front end microwave transceiver device, the information output of video camera is connected by the input end of signal conditioning package with the front end microwave transceiver device, and sun power and wind energy complementary electric supply installation are supplied with video camera, the Intelligent Information Processing device, the power supply of intelligent position locating device and front end microwave transceiver device; Video camera is furnished with camera lens.
3. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described Surveillance center comprises rear end microwave transceiver device, the network switch, main control computer, monitor terminal, video wall and ups power, the output terminal of rear end microwave transceiver device is connected with the interface of main control computer by the network switch, main control computer is connected with video wall by Video Decoder, connects one or several monitor terminals on main control computer; Described each device is equipped with ups power; Described front end microwave transceiver device and rear end microwave transceiver device or replace by fibre-optic transmission system (FOTS).
4. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described main control computer is equipped with Internet video management system, gridding Geographic Information System, forest fires discerns warning system automatically.
5. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described main control computer also is connected with other control centers by the other network switch.
6. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 4 is characterized in that described main control computer is connected with projector and mobile gateway.
7. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described front-end collection system also is provided with intelligent weather station and theft protection for devices device, and the signal output part of intelligent weather station and theft protection for devices device divides and is connected with the corresponding interface of described Intelligent Information Processing device.
8. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described intelligent weather station comprises: meteorological sensor unit, weather data collector, communication module, electric power system and various connecting line, the meteorological sensor unit is connected to communication module by the weather data collector, and sets up data transmission by communication module with described Surveillance center and be connected; The electric power system of intelligence weather station is provided with separately, or by described solar power supply apparatus power supply.
9. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, each described front-end collection system is installed in respectively on the pylon of the difference fire prevention control point in the forest, each fire monitoring point cooperates directional antenna to link to each other with relay station by 5.8GHz or 2.4GHz broadband wireless bridge equipment, and relay station is set up communication contact by wireless bridge or wired optical fiber with the Surveillance center that is located at street/fire prevention command centre of city office.
10. sun power gridding forestry fire monitoring early warning system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, also is provided with wind power generation plant, adopts a charging-discharging controller with described solar power supply apparatus.
CN 201120198530 2011-06-14 2011-06-14 Solar grid fireproof monitoring and pre-warning system for forestry Expired - Fee Related CN202084130U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105427509A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 上海腾盛智能交通技术有限公司 High-precision fire hazard alarm system based on multiple sensors
CN108229843A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-29 安徽龙运智能科技有限公司 A kind of forest fire protection Emergency command decision-making system based on BS
CN111932814A (en) * 2020-08-16 2020-11-13 中南林业科技大学 Forestry environment analysis system based on big data

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105427509A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-03-23 上海腾盛智能交通技术有限公司 High-precision fire hazard alarm system based on multiple sensors
CN108229843A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-29 安徽龙运智能科技有限公司 A kind of forest fire protection Emergency command decision-making system based on BS
CN111932814A (en) * 2020-08-16 2020-11-13 中南林业科技大学 Forestry environment analysis system based on big data

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