CN202057090U - Double-cabin solar water tank - Google Patents

Double-cabin solar water tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202057090U
CN202057090U CN2011200020261U CN201120002026U CN202057090U CN 202057090 U CN202057090 U CN 202057090U CN 2011200020261 U CN2011200020261 U CN 2011200020261U CN 201120002026 U CN201120002026 U CN 201120002026U CN 202057090 U CN202057090 U CN 202057090U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
cabin
water tank
constant temperature
solar energy
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200020261U
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Chinese (zh)
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高建生
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高建生
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Priority to CN2011200020261U priority Critical patent/CN202057090U/en
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Publication of CN202057090U publication Critical patent/CN202057090U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model relates to a double-cabin solar water tank. The outer wall of the water tank is a heat-insulating layer; an inner container of the water tank is divided into two parts by a baffle plate, which are respectively a constant-temperature cabin and a heat-insulating cabin; the height of the baffle plate is lower than that of the inner container of the water tank; and the heat-insulating cabin is communicated with the constant-temperature cabin through a space at the top of the baffle plate. In the prior art, the solar water tanks are all single-cabin water tanks, and water in the water tank is heated integrally and circularly by a solar heat collecting system. When a user needs a little hot water at a standard temperature in a specific time slot, the single-cabin water tank consumes energy resources, has low efficiency, and does not accord with the requirements on energy conservation and environmental protection. The double-cabin solar water tank adopts a double-cabin design; when the user needs the hot water urgently, the constant-temperature cabin can be heated separately; and all the water in the water tank is not necessary to be heated. By using the double-cabin solar water tank, the energy sources can be saved, the heating time is saved, and the utilization efficiency of the energy resources is improved.

Description

The two cabins of solar energy water tank
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the solar energy optical-thermal field.
Background technology
General single cabin water tank that adopts in the prior art, when at special time period, marquis when not having solar energy available such as evening, morning, cloudy day etc., when the user need be with a small amount of hot water, generally to carry out electrical heating (or: adopt other supplementary energies such as combustion gas, fuel oil to heat) to the whole water yields in the water tank, after being heated to design temperature, the user just can use.Increased the consumption of system to supplementary energy (electric energy, combustion gas, fuel oil etc.) so greatly, increased user's spending, the economy and the feature of environmental protection of system obviously reduce.
Example: certain hotel used hot water unit in 24 hours, 10 tons of daily 50 ℃ of hot water amounts, every day, water use peak was two time periods, i.e. 6:00-morning 9:00 early, afternoon 4:00-late 10:00, morning 6:00-morning 9:00 time period hot water consumption only account for 20-25% of full-time hot water consumption, if the temperature in this time period central solar heating water attemperater does not reach 50 ℃, so just can only start supplementary energy heats water at low temperature, and be the water yield (10 tons) of whole water tank of heating, stop until being heated to more than 50 ℃, such mode of operation has not only strengthened the consumption of supplementary energy, reduce the economy and the environment-friendly type of system, greatly reduced the operating efficiency of central solar heating water system self simultaneously.
Solar energy is because heat density is lower, heat-collecting temperature is difficult to reach higher level, low-temperature water heating during so solar energy is fit to make, water temperature rises to 55 ℃ of this section working times from 10 ℃, its thermal efficiency is the highest, if according to the mode of operation of regular solar central heating water attemperater, second day daytime, solar energy system will further promote 50 ℃ water temperature, the obvious like this solar heat efficient rule that do not meet.The most important thing is: the user does not need the very high hot water of temperature, as long as water temperature reaches 50 ℃ of users and just can normally use.
In sum: there is defective in the structural design of regular solar central heating water attemperater, and the cisten mechanism design of the two cabins of central solar heating water can effectively remedy above-mentioned deficiency.
The utility model content
The utility model aims to provide a kind of two cabins of solar energy water tank of efficient energy-saving, and in order to realize above-mentioned technique effect, the technical solution of the utility model is:
The two cabins of solar energy water tank, it is characterized in that: the outer wall of water tank is a heat-insulation layer, inner water tank is divided into two parts by dividing plate, be respectively insulated hold and constant temperature cabin, the height of dividing plate is lower than the height of inner water tank, and the space at insulated hold and the constant temperature cabin top by dividing plate is communicated with, and the outer wall in constant temperature cabin is provided with overfall, solar energy water return outlet, water supply line and loops back the mouth of a river, hot water feed water inlet, sewage draining exit, inside, constant temperature cabin is equipped with temperature water-level probe, electric heater; The insulated hold outer wall is provided with solar water supply mouth, running water water supplement port, and insulated hold inside is equipped with temp probe.
The overfall upright position in described constant temperature cabin is higher than the dividing plate top, this be for prevent water at insulated hold by the dividing plate top to the moisturizing of constant temperature cabin, when great waves appear in the water surface, the water of fluctuation is unlikely to outside overfall flows out water tank.
Be respectively arranged with a connected entrance on the sidewall in described insulated hold and constant temperature cabin, connect by magnetic valve between two connected entrances.When the water temperature in insulated hold and constant temperature cabin reached design temperature, the water of two water tanks was connected as a single entity, and had so just ensured user's hot water supply.
Described running water water supplement port is located at the lower end of insulated hold sidewall.This be because, in same container, hot and cold water layering and arriving.High-temperature water is above container, and water at low temperature is below container.Cold water injects from the bottom of insulated hold, and original high-temperature water can make progress away in the insulated hold, is added into the constant temperature cabin from the top of dividing plate.
Owing in the water supply pipe pressure is arranged,, is provided with a water conservancy diversion decompression cap so need directly over the running water water supplement port.Water conservancy diversion decompression cap can be the object of a sheet, and the effect of water conservancy diversion decompression cap is to prevent that the running water that covers insulated hold in the moisturizing process from producing the upwards impulse force of (to the tank top direction).And water conservancy diversion decompression cap can make the running water that covers insulated hold leave to the water tank sidewall direction.Thereby make the cold water of mending insulated hold rest on the bottom of insulated hold, do not mix the water phenomenon and can not produce with the hot water on insulated hold top.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: solar water container of the present utility model adopts two cabins project organization, be divided into constant temperature cabin and insulated hold, when the user needs a small amount of hot water, only need the water in constant temperature cabin is heated, do not need water heating to whole water tank, so just reduced consumption, and saved the time of heating, reached the technique effect of efficient energy-saving auxiliary heating energy source.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the two cabins of the square solar energy of the utility model water tank;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of the two cabins of the circular solar energy of the utility model water tank;
Fig. 3 is the two cabins of solar energy cistern system operation logic schematic diagrames.
1-constant temperature cabin, the 11-electric heater, 12-hot water feed water inlet, 13-temperature water-level probe, 14-solar energy water return outlet, the 15-water supply line loops back the mouth of a river, 16-overfall, 17-sewage draining exit;
21-running water water supplement port, 22-sewage draining exit, 23-temperature water-level probe, 24-solar water supply mouth, 3-connected entrance, 4-dividing plate, 5-solar thermal collector, 6-water conservancy diversion decompression cap.
The specific embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described, should be appreciated that preferred embodiment described herein only is used for description and interpretation the utility model, and be not used in qualification the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, be the two cabins of square solar energy cisten mechanism schematic diagrames.Certainly, water tank can be other shapes, so long as adopted the design in two cabins, all belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the two circular structures of cabin waterbox design of solar energy.
Be example now with Fig. 1, the two cabins of solar energy water tank, its wall and top board, base plate have heat-insulation layer, the shell of water tank adopts aluminium plating zinc plate or corrosion resistant plate, inner bag adopts corrosion resistant plate, is heat-insulation layer between shell and the inner bag, and the heat-insulation layer material is: materials such as polyurethane foam, rubber and plastic, benzene plate, rock wool, extruded sheet, inner water tank is divided into two parts by dividing plate 4, is respectively constant temperature cabin 1 and insulated hold 2.The dividing plate outer wall adopts the stainless steel material identical with inner bag, in the middle of the dividing plate heat insulation layer is arranged, and dividing plate heat insulation layer material is consistent with the water tank heat-insulation layers material therefor.The height of dividing plate 4 will be lower than the height of inner water tank, and promptly constant temperature cabin 1 and insulated hold 2 are connected together by the space at dividing plate 4 tops.The tank outer wall in constant temperature cabin 1 is provided with overfall 16, sewage draining exit 17, solar energy water return outlet 14, water supply line and loops back the mouth of a river 15, and hot water feed water inlet 12, inside, constant temperature cabin are equipped with temperature water-level probe 13, electric heater 11; The tank outer wall of insulated hold 2 is provided with solar energy delivery port 24, running water water supplement port 21, sewage draining exit 22, and insulated hold inside is equipped with temp probe 23.
Overfall 16 upright positions in described constant temperature cabin are higher than the top 5cm of dividing plate 4.This is when mending into the constant temperature cabin from the dividing plate top for the water that makes insulated hold, and the water surface occurs under the situation of fluctuation, and water can not overflow outside the water tank from overfall.
Owing in the water supply pipe pressure is arranged,, is provided with a water conservancy diversion decompression cap so need directly over the running water water supplement port.Water conservancy diversion decompression cap can be the object of a sheet, and the effect of water conservancy diversion decompression cap is to prevent that the running water that covers insulated hold in the moisturizing process from producing the upwards impulse force of (to the tank top direction).And water conservancy diversion decompression cap can make the running water that covers insulated hold leave to the water tank sidewall direction.Thereby make the cold water of mending insulated hold rest on the bottom of insulated hold, do not mix the water phenomenon and can not produce with the hot water on insulated hold top.
Be illustrated in figure 3 as the two operation logic schematic diagrames of cabin water tank in the central solar heating water system of solar energy, whole system comprises the two cabins of solar energy water tank, controller, solar thermal collector, pipe-line system, uses drainage facility.Form a peripheral passage by general pipeline, valve, pump etc. between the water tank of the two cabins of solar thermal collector and solar energy.Wherein T1 is the temperature of solar thermal collector, and T3 is the temperature of constant temperature water tank, and solar thermal collector is forced temperature difference circulation in the time of T1-T3=7 ℃; Solar thermal collector forces temperature difference circulation to stop in the time of T1-T3=3 ℃.Solar thermal collector forces the temperature difference to cycle through motor-driven valve E2; E3 carries out conversion and control; preferential circulation " constant temperature cabin "; after T3 reaches 50 ℃ of design temperatures; solar thermal collector forces temperature difference circulation to be transformed into " insulated hold " again; after the temperature T 4 of " insulated hold " reaches 50 ℃ of design temperatures; solar thermal collector forces temperature difference circulation to be transformed into " constant temperature cabin " again; after " constant temperature cabin " reaches 65 ℃; solar thermal collector forces temperature difference circulation to be transformed into " insulated hold " again; after " insulated hold " temperature T 4 reaches 80 ℃; solar thermal collector forces temperature difference circulation to be transformed into " constant temperature cabin " again; after " constant temperature cabin " reaches 80 ℃; solar thermal collector forces temperature difference circulation to stop, and system carries out high temperature protection.
Before " constant temperature cabin " reached 50 ℃ of design temperatures, system always preferentially heated this cabin, makes it reach 50 ℃ of design temperatures as early as possible,
When the cloudy day all the time according to the time, the user uses normal temperature hot water at special time period, and " constant temperature cabin " when not reaching 50 ℃ of design temperatures, and the electrical heating head starts, " constant temperature cabin " is heated to 50 ℃ of design temperatures, can uses normal temperature hot water at any time to guarantee the user.
When " constant temperature cabin " is higher than 5 ℃ of design temperatures, and level sensor shows when water level wanes, system carries out automatic water supplement, this moment, magnetic valve E1 opened, and running water enters " insulated hold ", and " insulated hold " the superiors high-temperature water is crossed dividing plate and mended into " constant temperature cabin ", when " constant temperature cabin " water temperature is lower than 50 ℃ of design temperatures, or level sensor shows that moisturizing stopped when water level had been expired, and magnetic valve E1 closes.
When " constant temperature cabin " when water level is lower than 1/3, even if this moment, water temperature did not reach 50 ℃ of design temperatures, system also can start the moisturizing function so, the electrical heating head starts in moisturizing, " constant temperature cabin " heated, and water level is full until " constant temperature cabin ", and moisturizing stops, water temperature reaches 50 ℃ of design temperatures, and electrical heating stops.
When two cabin water temperatures all reach or are higher than 50 ℃ of design temperatures, magnetic valve E4 opens, two cabin UNICOMs, and system stops moisturizing, and when " constant temperature cabin " when water level is lower than 1/6, system starts the automatic water supplement function.
The constant temperature cabin and the watering equipment of the two cabins of solar energy water tank are connected to form water-flow circuit by general pipeline, valve, pump.The normal temperature hot water that the user needs flows into user's watering equipment by the hot water feed water inlet, and user's tap of fetching boiling water just can use hot water.If flowing into the hot water of water supply line does not in time use, water temperature descends and cools off, water in the water supply line can loop back the mouth of a river by water supply line again and flow back into the constant temperature cabin so, and the hot water in the constant temperature cabin enters water supply line, can ensure user side realization " opens instant heating ".
It should be noted that at last: the above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, for a person skilled in the art, it still can be made amendment to the technical scheme that aforementioned each embodiment put down in writing, and perhaps part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the two cabins of solar energy water tank, water tank comprises outer wall and inner bag, it is characterized in that, inner water tank is divided into two parts by dividing plate, be respectively insulated hold and constant temperature cabin, the height of dividing plate is lower than the height of inner water tank, and insulated hold and constant temperature cabin are communicated with by the space at dividing plate top, the outer wall in constant temperature cabin is provided with overfall, solar energy water return outlet, water supply line and loops back the mouth of a river, hot water feed water inlet, sewage draining exit, and inside, constant temperature cabin is equipped with temperature water-level probe, electric heater; The insulated hold outer wall is provided with solar energy delivery port, running water water supplement port, and sewage draining exit, insulated hold inside are equipped with temp probe.
2. the two cabins of solar energy according to claim 1 water tank is characterized in that the overfall upright position in described constant temperature cabin is higher than the top of dividing plate.
3. the two cabins of solar energy according to claim 1 and 2 water tank is characterized in that, is respectively arranged with a connected entrance on the sidewall in described insulated hold and constant temperature cabin, is connected by magnetic valve between two connected entrances.
4. the two cabins of solar energy according to claim 3 water tank is characterized in that described running water water supplement port is located at the lower end of insulated hold sidewall.
5. the two cabins of solar energy according to claim 4 water tank is characterized in that, is provided with a water conservancy diversion decompression cap directly over the running water water supplement port.
CN2011200020261U 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Double-cabin solar water tank Expired - Fee Related CN202057090U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200020261U CN202057090U (en) 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Double-cabin solar water tank

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200020261U CN202057090U (en) 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Double-cabin solar water tank

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202057090U true CN202057090U (en) 2011-11-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200020261U Expired - Fee Related CN202057090U (en) 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Double-cabin solar water tank

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202057090U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103836825A (en) * 2012-11-21 2014-06-04 张翼飞 Water tank of solar water heater

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103836825A (en) * 2012-11-21 2014-06-04 张翼飞 Water tank of solar water heater

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Legal Events

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111130

Termination date: 20150105

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model