CN103245104A - Split type solar water heater inner machine - Google Patents

Split type solar water heater inner machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103245104A
CN103245104A CN 201210029120 CN201210029120A CN103245104A CN 103245104 A CN103245104 A CN 103245104A CN 201210029120 CN201210029120 CN 201210029120 CN 201210029120 A CN201210029120 A CN 201210029120A CN 103245104 A CN103245104 A CN 103245104A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
machine
integrator
water heater
type solar
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Pending
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CN 201210029120
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Chinese (zh)
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宓玉敏
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宓玉敏
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Priority to CN 201210029120 priority Critical patent/CN103245104A/en
Publication of CN103245104A publication Critical patent/CN103245104A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention mainly discloses a split type solar water heater inner machine which comprises a non-pressure-bearing built-in water tank and is mainly composed of an integration device, a two-way circulation pump, an electric heating rod, an optical sensor, a water level sensor, a water temperature water level sensor and a display panel. The inner machine and other parts including a plurality of one-way valves, a filter valve, a plurality of control valves, multi-way inlet/outlet pipeline ports, an automatic pressurizing pipeline and the like form a whole machine and a whole operation system. The optical sensor is used for detecting external light, and the integration device adopts the sensors to conduct detection to finish automatic control and operation of the whole system according to a program. The split type solar water heater inner machine enables a solar water heater to be synchronous with light, adopts the electric heating rod to keep the temperature constant in due time and has the advantage of being high in practicality, high in automation degree, high in integration degree and the like.

Description

Machine in the separated type solar water heater
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar water heater, specifically refer to machine in a kind of separated type solar water heater.
Background technology
Solar water heater just more and more is subjected to liking of people as a kind of clean pollution-free green environmental protecting device.At present, popular solar water heater mostly is desk-top or pressure wall-mounted on the market.Desk-top main composition form is that water tank is associated in vacuum tube; Though pressure wall-mounted formation water tank is associated in the metal tube by a sealing separately but between the vacuum tube of heat collector and the water tank of heat collector.Desk-top operation principle is: vacuum glass is accepted the irradiation of sunlight, the interior water of pipe is heated heats up and buoyance lift, and the water circulation heat-shift with in the attemperater reaches the intensification of whole water.Exist following defective from structure and this solar water heater of heat exchange pattern:
One, glass tube with vacuum and attemperater are integrated, shared space is very big, the live load of water inlet back water heater is very big, significant limitation is arranged laying the place like this, thereby form and often to have only attic resident family just can install and use solar water heater, all the other users think that dress all can't install or use.
Two, because the limitation of the daylighting of desk-top solar water heater, the limitation of the big installation of volume, thereby the installation that causes solar water heater has often influenced the attractive in appearance and integrated of urban architecture, meanwhile, the social concern of initiation such as the safety brought of non-top layer user's installation, percolating water is led and has been made local administration departments and departments of government to the restriction of solar water heater.
Three, the heat exchange of water is the exchange of carrying out in single body pipe naturally in the glass tube with vacuum, and under the not high situation of temperature, the speed that this heat exchange is transmitted is very slow, and heat exchanger effectiveness is very low.
Four, because water tank is associated in vacuum tube, and water tank is above vacuum tube, thus the water in the vacuum tube be forever can't reflow tank for use.And the water in the vacuum tube be forever do not change thereby its scaling serious, its water quality also in time passing constantly degenerates.
Five, solar water heater is placed on outdoor, and the heat dissipation capacity of water tank is very big, severe winter the low temperature low light according under (as evening), solar water heater is very easily icing with indoor inlet and outlet pipe, bursting by freezing.
Six, water heater can't be controlled the water level of water tank in the electric heating process, and the power consumption in the electric heating process is big like this, and its waste is also very surprising, and programming rate is very slow.
The operation principle of pressure wall-mounted solar water heater is: glass tube with vacuum is accepted the irradiation of sunlight, metal tube in the radiant energy heating, vacuum pipe that produces, heat-conducting medium in the metal tube is heated up or vaporization, thereby buoyance lift or forced circulation are to water tank, in water tank, carry out secondary heat exchange transmission feedwater, sinking or forced circulation are returned vacuum tube and are heated so continuous reciprocation cycle, the water in the heating water tank again after the medium cooling.Exist a series of problems from structure and heat exchange pattern and this solar water heater of life-span:
One, vacuum tube is worked under high temperature, long-time, the empty state that shines, and it is very easily rotten that film is crossed in the heat absorption in its pipe intraformational bed, thereby lose its heat absorption function.Therefore its practice result proof service life can not be above 2 years.
Two, the manufacturing cost height, retail price is also very high naturally.
Three, it needs secondary heat exchange, so its thermal efficiency is not high.
Four, in the electric heating process, can't control the water level in the water tank, can only carry out the heating of whole bucket water all the time, big its waste of energy of the consumption of electric energy is also very surprising like this, and programming rate is equally very slow.
Five, owing to need the high pressure bearing operation in the recycle metal pipeline, and also high pressure pressure-bearing in the water tank, so security is low, and once has its maintenance difficulty of fault big, strongly professional and cost is also very high.Etc..
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention will solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art exactly, provide a kind of install freedom, attractive in appearance, with architecture-integral, non-pressure-bearing compulsory type thermal efficiency of cycle height, water tank and the partial installation of heat collector indoor and outdoor, outer machine hot water reflux tank, constant temperature, the moderate interior machine of separated type solar water heater.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
Machine in a kind of separated type solar water heater, it mainly comprises a non-press-bearing water tank, it is by integrator, electrical bar, bidirectional circulating pump, many control valves, external optical sensor, level sensor, water-temperature water-level sensor, display board, and the automatic pressure piping of many check valves of remaining part, strainer valve, exhaust outlet, multichannel inlet and outlet pipe and external connection, and can be connected supporting formation complete machine and whole service system with the outer machine of thermal-arrest by circulation line; It by optical sensor to external world the detection of light finish automatic control and operation to whole system by the detection of integrator by each sensor according to programming again.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, the its corresponding external optical sensor of its integrator, water-temperature water-level sensor, control valve, bidirectional circulating pump becomes line to connect, and and water tank, circulation line, inlet pipeline has constituted the light working procedure, it operates to: when the extraneous light of light sensors reaches setting startup light intensity value, entered the light working procedure by the integrator start-up system, and detect the water level of water tank by water-temperature water-level sensor, just enter next operating procedure in the original water place value that reaches setting, do not reach and then open control valve water inlet, closed control valve after the original water place value that reaches setting; Then open control valve and bidirectional circulating pump simultaneously and send water by circulation line toward the outer machine of thermal-arrest, closed control valve and bidirectional circulating pump enter wait after the running time that reaches setting; When extraneous light reaches the circulation light intensity value of setting, open control valve and bidirectional circulating pump and carry out timing intermittence cyclic program; When extraneous light does not reach the circulation light intensity value, enter wait; When extraneous light does not reach the startup light intensity value, after the stand-by period of setting, open control valve and carry out drop, timing backwater by circulation line, the formed natural drop of machine water tank carries out backwater in namely being higher than by the outer machine of solar water heater heat-collecting, closed control valve after the backwater time that reaches setting, complete machine enters standby.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, it constitutes the electric heating constant temperature program in the unglazed standby process by integrator and its corresponding external optical sensor, water-temperature water-level sensor, electrical bar, it operates to: fail to reach when the extraneous light of light sensors and start light intensity value and enter in the standby, integrator is by the detection of water-temperature water-level sensor to water temperature, failing to reach the set water temperature value, just start electrical bar and heat, close electrical bar and enter standby reaching set water temperature value integrator.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, it constitutes supercharging shower program by integrator and its corresponding water flow sensing unit, bidirectional circulating pump and check valve, the pressure piping of external connection, outlet pipeline, and pressure piping exceeds the delivery port of outlet pipeline, and forms certain drop value; It operates to: when the valve of opening out (usefulness) water lines because the drop of the delivery port of the upper end of pressure piping and water pipeline, cause one-way valve opens to advance air and water outlet, give integrator by the water flow sensing unit outgoing signal, integrator just starts bidirectional circulating pump and carries out supercharging, under the promotion of pressurized water streams, another one-way valve opens, and the check valve of pressure piping upper end is closed voluntarily, thus go out hot water for taking a shower; After closing outlet pipeline, current stop, and water flow sensing unit is passed to integrator with signal, and integrator is closed bidirectional circulating pump and entered standby, and closed check valve makes the water in the pressure piping obtain keeping simultaneously.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, it is provided with protectiveness in water tank level sensor detects water as level sensor, and integrator to the operation of all programs, overflows the appearance of the phenomenon of outflow to prevent water eventually.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, it is in having entered the light running, integrator is by the detection of water-temperature water-level sensor to water level in the water tank, do not reach the water level value of setting, open control valve and carry out moisturizing after reaching the stand-by period of setting, the original water place value that reaches setting is closed control valve just; And in unglazed standby process, do not carry out any moisturizing, can be implemented in like this that the machine that moves daytime outward send water or with after the hot water, it can carry out moisturizing automatically, this just can satisfy and moves heat exchange daytime the secondary moisturizing is arranged, to guarantee that water tank is bucketful water after unglazed backwater; And unglazed or evening is not carried out any moisturizing after water level descends, and is convenient to like this to guarantee that the hot water in the water tank can be by cold water mix and refrigeration.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, it is by integrator, and the working time of bidirectional circulating pump will be convenient to protect the safety of pump so eventually to the work of bidirectional circulating pump after surpassing the setting guard time.
Machine in the described separated type solar water heater, it is provided with display board on interior machine surface, and display board is provided with the display screen of temperature and water level, and is provided with supercharging (backwater), water inlet (constant temperature) press button; Be convenient to the user under the situation of needs by display board, undertaken by knockdown press button hand supercharging shower, hand moisturizing or carry out emptying and the heated constant temperature of the outdoor unit water of hand; And the user that is more convenient for understands temperature and the water level of water.
Advantage of the present invention:
One, interior machine can with the outer machine partial installation of the thermal-arrest of solar water heater, and the outer machine of thermal-arrest can freely install arbitrarily, do not influence operation and the thermal efficiency of complete machine.
Two, hot water refluxes and not only improves the thermal efficiency of complete machine 30%, and avoids freezing inlet and outlet pipe in severe winter fully.
Three, the complete machine non-bearing operation, simple and reasonable, security of operation, low cost of manufacture.
Four, because the water of outer machine machine water tank in the emptying backflow when low light intensity, its scaling reduces greatly, and complete machine water is running water, its hygienic quality, safety.
Five, start bidirectional circulating pump during shower automatically and carry out supercharging, water is convenient, water outlet is fast.
Six, when the low light intensity of extraneous light, can start electrical bar automatically and carry out constant temperature, and the water yield during constant temperature can be effectively controlled, the speed of electric heating is fast like this, power consumption is little.
Seven, complete machine anti-overflow, anticreep.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of machine in a kind of separated type solar water heater.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the structural representation of machine display board in a kind of separated type solar water heater.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention are described in further detail:
As shown in fig. 1 among the embodiment: machine in the separated type solar water heater, it mainly comprises a non-press-bearing water tank 3, it is by integrator 1, and the external optical sensor 5 that connects of doubling correspondingly, bidirectional circulating pump 2, electrical bar 22, many control valves 4,8, level sensor 6, water-temperature water-level sensor 21, display board 9, pressurized sensor 0, and many check valves of remaining part 10,11, strainer valve 17, exhaust outlet 16, multichannel inlet and outlet pipe 13,14, circulation line 12,15, the automatic pressure piping 19 of external connection, heat-insulation layer 18 formations such as grade, and can with the operational system of the outer supporting formation complete machine of machine of the thermal-arrest of solar water heater and complete machine; It by optical sensor 5 to external world the detection of light finish automatic control, operation to whole system by the detection of integrator 1 by each sensor according to programming again.
Among the embodiment as shown in Figure 2: it is provided with display board 9 on interior machine 20 surfaces, and display board 9 is provided with the display screen 7 of temperature and water level, and is provided with supercharging (backwater) 23, water inlet (constant temperature) 24 press buttones.

Claims (8)

1. machine in the separated type solar water heater, it mainly comprises water-storing tank (3), it is characterized in that: it is by integrator (1), and the bidirectional circulating pump (2) that connects of line correspondingly, electrical bar (22), many control valves (4) (8), level sensor (6), water-temperature water-level sensor (21), display board (9), water flow sensing unit (0), and many check valves of remaining part (10) (11), strainer valve (17), exhaust outlet (16), inlet and outlet pipe (12) (15), external pressure piping (19), external optical sensor (5), heat-insulation layer (18) and storage tank (3) constitute, and by circulation line (13) (14) can with the solar water heater operational system of the supporting formation complete machine of machine and complete machine outward; Its by optical sensor (5) to external world the detection of light detected according to programming by each sensor by integrator (1) again and finish control and operation to machine system.
2. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: its corresponding external optical sensor of its integrator (1) (5), water-temperature water-level sensor (21), control valve (8), control valve (4), bidirectional circulating pump (2) become line to connect, and constituted the light working procedure with water tank (3), circulation line (13), (14), inlet pipeline (15), its operational process is:
Light sensor (5) Metering strong values - up to start the light intensity value - Integrator (1) - water level sensor (6) detects the water level - opening the control valve (8) - Add water - up to the initial level value - - Close the control valve (8) - open the control valve (4) and two-way circulation pump (2) - out machines and bottled water - to set up the running time - close the control valve (4) and two-way circulation pump (2) - up cycle intensity value - into the regular intermittent cycle - less than the value of the light intensity cycling - wait - start below the light intensity value - opens the control valve (4) - drop, regular type backwater - - set up the backwater time - close the control valve (4) - standby.
3. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it is by integrator (1) and its corresponding external optical sensor (5), water-temperature water-level sensor (21),------integrator (1)---------------closing electrical bar (22)---standby that reaches the set water temperature value that starts electrical bar (22) heating that do not reach the set water temperature value that water-temperature water-level sensor (21) detects water temperature that do not reach the startup light intensity value that electrical bar (22) constitutes the electric heating constant temperature program in the unglazed standby process, and its operational process is: optical sensor (5) is surveyed light intensity value.
4. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it constitutes supercharging shower program by integrator (1) and its corresponding water flow sensing unit (0), bidirectional circulating pump (2) and check valve (10) (11), the pressure piping (19) of external connection, outlet pipeline (12), and the upper end of pressure piping (19) exceeds the delivery port of outlet pipeline (12), and forms certain drop; Its operational process is: open outlet pipeline (12), and------water flow sensing unit (0) detects current, and---------check valve (11) is opened, check valve (10) is closed, and---------water flow sensing unit (0) detects current---standby that integrator (1)---is closed bidirectional circulating pump (2)---to integrator (1) to close outlet pipeline (12) to use hot water to start bidirectional circulating pump (2) supercharging to open the air of going forward side by side by drop check valve (10).
5. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is provided with protectiveness in water tank (3) level sensor (6), namely detect water by level sensor (6), and integrator (1) is eventually to the operation of all programs.
6. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it reaches the startup light intensity value at extraneous light and has entered in the light working procedure, integrator (1) is by the detection of water-temperature water-level sensor (21) to the interior water level of water tank (3), do not reach the water level value of setting, open control valve (8) and carry out moisturizing after reaching the stand-by period of setting, the original water place value that reaches setting is closed control valve (8) just; In unglazed standby, do not carry out moisturizing.
7. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is by integrator (1), the working time of bidirectional circulating pump (2) surpass set after the guard time will be eventually to the work of bidirectional circulating pump (2).
8. machine in the separated type solar water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: its display board (9) is provided with the display screen (7) of temperature and water level, and is provided with knockdown supercharging (backwater) (23), water inlet (constant temperature) (24) press button.
CN 201210029120 2012-02-08 2012-02-08 Split type solar water heater inner machine Pending CN103245104A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210029120 CN103245104A (en) 2012-02-08 2012-02-08 Split type solar water heater inner machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210029120 CN103245104A (en) 2012-02-08 2012-02-08 Split type solar water heater inner machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103245104A true CN103245104A (en) 2013-08-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201210029120 Pending CN103245104A (en) 2012-02-08 2012-02-08 Split type solar water heater inner machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106865533A (en) * 2017-03-25 2017-06-20 哈尔滨摆渡新材料有限公司 A kind of utilization platinum filament prepares the device and method of Graphene
CN106865534A (en) * 2017-03-25 2017-06-20 哈尔滨摆渡新材料有限公司 A kind of method and device for preparing Graphene
CN111947305A (en) * 2019-05-15 2020-11-17 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 Electric water heater, control method thereof and machine-readable storage medium

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106865533A (en) * 2017-03-25 2017-06-20 哈尔滨摆渡新材料有限公司 A kind of utilization platinum filament prepares the device and method of Graphene
CN106865534A (en) * 2017-03-25 2017-06-20 哈尔滨摆渡新材料有限公司 A kind of method and device for preparing Graphene
CN106865533B (en) * 2017-03-25 2019-06-04 哈尔滨摆渡新材料有限公司 A kind of device and method preparing graphene using platinum filament
CN111947305A (en) * 2019-05-15 2020-11-17 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 Electric water heater, control method thereof and machine-readable storage medium

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Application publication date: 20130814