CN202054934U - Cotton boll shucking machine - Google Patents

Cotton boll shucking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202054934U
CN202054934U CN2010206959777U CN201020695977U CN202054934U CN 202054934 U CN202054934 U CN 202054934U CN 2010206959777 U CN2010206959777 U CN 2010206959777U CN 201020695977 U CN201020695977 U CN 201020695977U CN 202054934 U CN202054934 U CN 202054934U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cotton
cotton boll
impurity
roller
boll
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010206959777U
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Chinese (zh)
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陆洪飞
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2010206959777U priority Critical patent/CN202054934U/en
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Publication of CN202054934U publication Critical patent/CN202054934U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a cotton boll shucking machine which comprises a frame, a cotton boll airflow conveying air pipe arranged in front of the frame and a shucking and impurity removing mechanism arranged on the frame, wherein the shucking and impurity removing mechanism comprises twin cotton boll feeding rollers, separation rollers, clearing rollers, a seed cotton clearing lattice bar screen, a big U-shaped rack roller, a small U-shaped rack roller, a brush roller, a seed cotton conveying air pipe outlet and an impurity conveying air pipe outlet, wherein the twin cotton boll feeding rollers are arranged in a stripping working box; the separation rollers are arranged below an impurity screen; the clearing rollers are slantingly arranged side by side with the separation rollers; the seed cotton cleaning lattice bar screen is arranged below the clearing rollers and the separation rollers; the big U-shaped rack roller, the small U-shaped rack roller and the brush roller are correspondingly matched at the side of the clearing rollers; and the seed cotton conveying air pipe outlet and the impurity conveying air pipe outlet are arranged on the frame. With the adoption of the design, cotton boll is subjected to shucking, stripping, clearing and multiple operations of separation and impurity removal by the shucking and impurity removing mechanism, so that stripped cotton fibers not only is clean, but also is tidy; both the dry and wet cotton boll can be shucked; the working efficiency can be improved; and the cotton boll shucking machine is the most suitable for being used by cotton growers that plant cotton in large areas in Sinkiang.

Description

The cotton boll decorticator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural equipment, particularly a kind of cotton boll decorticator.
Background technology
Xinjiang is the township of the cotton of China, and annual autumn, the adopting cotton season of cotton maturation was peak busy hour among the cotton grower 1 year.
The mode that present cotton is peeled off has manual peeling off and two kinds of mechanical descalings, the shortcoming of manual stripping is that speed is too slow, one people can only spend about 40 jin by stripping at most in one day, run into the peasant of kind of cotton more than 30 mu and will ask tens people to work for a long time round the cotton as hill every day, efficient is very low.
The mechanical system that existing cotton boll is peeled off mainly is to adopt the cotton boll decorticator, and it is unclean that the shortcoming of traditional cotton boll decorticator is that the shell slag that strips out cotton separates, and the cotton fiber that strips out easily by stripping disorderly, influences cotton quality.
Therefore, at the existing problem of above-mentioned existing cotton boll decorticator, how developing a kind of innovation structure that has more desirable practicality, by the user is looked forward to, also is that relevant dealer must make great efforts target and the direction that research and development break through.
The utility model content
For overcoming above-mentioned defective, it is clean that the utility model purpose is to provide a kind of impurity of peeling off to separate, and the cotton that strips out is not by the random cotton boll decorticator of stripping.
For achieving the above object, cotton boll decorticator of the present utility model comprises frame, is located at the cotton boll gas delivery airduct in frame the place ahead, be located at the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off on the frame, be located at main motor, cycloidal-pin wheel formula transmission assembly, the centrifugal fan at frame rear portion and drive blower motor; Described centrifugal fan separates discharger by the air-flowing type cotton boll that Fan pipeline is communicated with cotton boll decorticator top, the air-flowing type cotton boll separates discharger and is communicated with cotton boll gas delivery airduct, is communicated with the air-flowing type heavy impurity separator between air-flowing type cotton boll separation discharger and the cotton boll gas delivery airduct; Described air-flowing type cotton boll separates the choke device contraposition mutually of discharger and the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off of below setting, this impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off comprises: be located at the cotton boll feeding breaker roll in the stripping operation case, the resistance shell cutter that cotton boll feeding breaker roll below is provided with cotton boll broken shell roller and matches with it, resistance shell cutter periphery is provided with the impurity screen cloth, impurity screen cloth below is provided with at least one separate roller, with this at least one separate roller oblique be arranged side by side at least one clearing roll arranged, the separate roller periphery is provided with square hole mesh plate screen cloth, clearing roll and separate roller below are provided with unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid, clearing roll one side is provided with the large U type tooth bar roller of corresponding matching, little U type tooth bar roller and brush roll, the interior side direction of large U type tooth bar roller is provided with feed plate and impurities removal reinforcing bar, the lateral is provided with deep bead, the inboard oblique upper of little U type tooth bar roller is provided with wire brush and striker plate, the inboard is provided with impurity-discharging knife, the bottom side is provided with impurities removal glazing bar grid, the below of brush roll is provided with unginned cotton choke device, the frame of unginned cotton choke device correspondence is provided with unginned cotton and carries wind tube outlet, the frame of the unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid below of separate roller and clearing roll correspondence is provided with impurity choke device, and impurity choke device below is provided with impurity and carries wind tube outlet; Described driving blower motor drives centrifugal fan, cycloidal-pin wheel formula transmission assembly drives cotton boll feeding breaker roll, choke device, unginned cotton choke device and impurity choke device, main motor-driven peel off cotton boll broken shell roller, separate roller, clearing roll, large U type tooth bar roller, little U type tooth bar roller and the brush roll of impurity-removing mechanism; The middle part of described frame head is provided with a BOGEY WHEEL, and the both sides at frame rear portion respectively are provided with a BOGEY WHEEL.
Spacing between the described cotton boll feeding breaker roll is 12mm.
Described separate roller and clearing roll respectively are made as two.
Cotton boll decorticator of the present utility model utilizes the BOGEY WHEEL that is provided with on the frame, realize portable production and processing, by peel off impurity-removing mechanism to cotton boll carry out broken shell, peel off, the separation removal of impurities of cleaning and multiple operation, make the cotton fiber that strips out not only totally but also not in disorder, and do wet can both the stripping, can promote operating efficiency, the cotton grower of the most suitable Xinjiang establishing in large scale cotton uses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the profile of the utility model cotton boll decorticator.
Fig. 2 is the rearview of the utility model cotton boll decorticator.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, cotton boll decorticator of the present utility model, comprise frame 29, be located at the cotton boll gas delivery airduct 1 in frame 29 the place aheads, be located at the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off on the frame 29, be located at main motor 27, cycloidal-pin wheel formula transmission assembly 28, the centrifugal fan 32 at frame 29 rear portions and drive blower motor 33; Described centrifugal fan 32 separates discharger 3 by the air-flowing type cotton boll that Fan pipeline 31 is communicated with cotton boll decorticator top, the air-flowing type cotton boll separates discharger 3 and is communicated with cotton boll gas delivery airduct 1, is communicated with air-flowing type heavy impurity separator 2 between air-flowing type cotton boll separation discharger 3 and the cotton boll gas delivery airduct 1; Described air-flowing type cotton boll separates choke device 4 contraposition mutually of discharger 3 and the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off of below setting, this impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off comprises: be located at the cotton boll feeding breaker roll 5 in the stripping operation case, the resistance shell cutter 6 that cotton boll feeding breaker roll 5 belows are provided with cotton boll broken shell roller 7 and match with it, resistance shell cutter 6 peripheries are provided with impurity screen cloth 8, impurity screen cloth 8 belows are provided with at least one separate roller 10, with this at least one separate roller 10 oblique be arranged side by side at least one clearing roll 11 arranged, separate roller 10 peripheries are provided with square hole mesh plate screen cloth 9, clearing roll 11 and separate roller 10 belows are provided with unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid 12, clearing roll 11 1 sides are provided with the large U type tooth bar roller 13 of corresponding matching, little U type tooth bar roller 14 and brush roll 15, the interior side direction of large U type tooth bar roller 13 is provided with feed plate 16 and impurities removal reinforcing bar 17, the lateral is provided with deep bead 26, little U type tooth bar roller 14 inboard oblique uppers are provided with wire brush 18 and striker plate 19, the inboard is provided with impurity-discharging knife 20, the bottom side is provided with impurities removal glazing bar grid 21, the below of brush roll 15 is provided with unginned cotton choke device 22, the frame 29 of unginned cotton choke device 22 correspondences is provided with unginned cotton and carries wind tube outlet 23, the frame 29 of unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid 12 belows of separate roller 10 and clearing roll 11 correspondences is provided with impurity choke device 24, and impurity choke device 24 belows are provided with impurity and carry wind tube outlet 25; Described driving blower motor 33 drives centrifugal fan 32, cycloidal-pin wheel formula transmission assembly 28 drives cotton boll feeding breaker roll 5, choke device 4, unginned cotton choke device 22 and impurity choke device 24, and main motor 27 drives cotton boll broken shell roller 7, separate roller 10, clearing roll 11, large U type tooth bar roller 13, little U type tooth bar roller 14 and the brush roll 15 of the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off; The middle part of described frame 29 heads is provided with a BOGEY WHEEL 30, and the both sides at frame 29 rear portions respectively are provided with a BOGEY WHEEL 30.
As preferred structure of the present utility model, the spacing between two cotton boll feeding breaker rolls 5 is made as 12mm.
As further improvement of the utility model, described at least one separate roller 10 and at least one clearing roll 11 respectively are made as two.
Comprehensive said structure, described centrifugal fan 32 is communicated with the air-flowing type cotton boll by Fan pipeline 31 and separates discharger 3, air-flowing type heavy impurity separator 2 and cotton boll gas delivery airduct 1, cotton boll is after cotton boll gas delivery airduct 1 suction air-flowing type heavy impurity separator 2 carries out heavily assorted the separation, suck the air-flowing type cotton boll and separate discharger 3, intercept through mesh plate, discharger working box sectional area enlarges, after wind speed weakens greatly, cotton boll falls into the choke device 4 that the air-flowing type cotton boll separates discharger 3 belows, under the turning effort of choke device 4, cotton boll pushes the cotton boll feeding breaker roll 5 of choke device 4 belows, because the spacing between the design cotton boll feeding breaker roll 5 is 12mm, so cotton boll is through the 5 mutual turning efforts of cotton boll feeding breaker roll, cotton boll is by abundant draw down, dehisce, after unginned cotton exposes, enter the stripping operation case, the resistance shell cutter 6 that in the stripping operation case, is provided with cotton boll broken shell roller 7 below the cotton boll feeding breaker roll 5 and matches with it, resistance shell cutter 6 peripheries are provided with impurity screen cloth 8, cotton boll is under the interaction of cotton boll broken shell roller 7 normal rotation and resistance shell cutter 6, unginned cotton is fully peeled off from the draw down cotton boll smoothly, the part small impurities sifts out through impurity screen cloth 8 because cotton boll broken shell roller 7 normally rotatablely moves, peeling off cotton boll separates through the separate roller 10 of below setting, fine impurities utilizes square hole mesh plate screen cloth 9 to go out clearly, enter clearing roll 11 with separate roller 10 interlocks and contain shell unginned cotton, these clearing roll 11 belows are provided with unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid 12, some big impurity and part cotton boll bar are sifted out smoothly through unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid 12, contain shell unginned cotton and under the rotation of clearing roll 11 drives, enter large U type tooth bar roller 13, drive little U type tooth bar roller 14 by large U type tooth bar roller 13 again, brush roll 15, the cotton boll shell is under the fast rotational effect of large U type tooth bar roller 13, through feed plate 16, impurities removal reinforcing bar 17 iris actions are dished out downwards, wherein take some stiff valve cottons and effective cotton fiber out of, by striker plate 19, wire brush 18 stops, fall into little U type tooth bar roller 14, because little U type tooth bar roller 14 effects of running up, the stiff valve cotton shredding, effective defecation cotton fiber, cotton boll shell and impurity are by impurity-discharging knife 20, impurities removal glazing bar grid 21 are discharged smoothly, attached to greatly, defecation unginned cotton on the little U type tooth bar roller and cotton fiber are run up in the other direction by brush roll 15, fully by outwash, defecation unginned cotton is under the effect of deep bead 26 and brush roll 15, unginned cotton is thrown unginned cotton choke device 22 and is carried wind tube outlet 23 to discharge by unginned cotton, and impurity enters impurity choke device 24 and carried wind tube outlet 25 to discharge by impurity.
Cotton boll decorticator of the present utility model is provided with a BOGEY WHEEL 30 in the middle part of frame 29 heads, the both sides at frame 29 rear portions respectively are provided with a BOGEY WHEEL 30, can portable production and processing, by cotton boll carried out broken shell, peel off, the separation removal of impurities of cleaning and multiple operation, make the cotton fiber that strips out not only totally but also not in disorder, and do wet can both the stripping, can promote operating efficiency, the cotton grower of the most suitable Xinjiang establishing in large scale cotton uses.
The above; it only is the specific embodiment of the present utility model; but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the utility model discloses; can expect easily changing or replacing, all should be encompassed within the protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with the protection domain of described claim.

Claims (3)

1. a cotton boll decorticator comprises frame, is located at the cotton boll gas delivery airduct in frame the place ahead, is located at the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off on the frame, is located at main motor, cycloidal-pin wheel formula transmission assembly, the centrifugal fan at frame rear portion and drives blower motor; It is characterized in that:
Described centrifugal fan separates discharger by the air-flowing type cotton boll that Fan pipeline is communicated with cotton boll decorticator top, the air-flowing type cotton boll separates discharger and is communicated with cotton boll gas delivery airduct, is communicated with the air-flowing type heavy impurity separator between air-flowing type cotton boll separation discharger and the cotton boll gas delivery airduct;
Described air-flowing type cotton boll separates the choke device contraposition mutually of discharger and the impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off of below setting, this impurity-removing mechanism of peeling off comprises: be located at the cotton boll feeding breaker roll in the stripping operation case, the resistance shell cutter that cotton boll feeding breaker roll below is provided with cotton boll broken shell roller and matches with it, resistance shell cutter periphery is provided with the impurity screen cloth, impurity screen cloth below is provided with at least one separate roller, with this at least one separate roller oblique be arranged side by side at least one clearing roll arranged, the separate roller periphery is provided with square hole mesh plate screen cloth, clearing roll and separate roller below are provided with unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid, clearing roll one side is provided with the large U type tooth bar roller of corresponding matching, little U type tooth bar roller and brush roll, the interior side direction of large U type tooth bar roller is provided with feed plate and impurities removal reinforcing bar, the lateral is provided with deep bead, the inboard oblique upper of little U type tooth bar roller is provided with wire brush and striker plate, the inboard is provided with impurity-discharging knife, the bottom side is provided with impurities removal glazing bar grid, the below of brush roll is provided with unginned cotton choke device, the frame of unginned cotton choke device correspondence is provided with unginned cotton and carries wind tube outlet, the frame of the unginned cotton cleaning glazing bar grid below of separate roller and clearing roll correspondence is provided with impurity choke device, and impurity choke device below is provided with impurity and carries wind tube outlet;
Described driving blower motor drives centrifugal fan, cycloidal-pin wheel formula transmission assembly drives cotton boll feeding breaker roll, choke device, unginned cotton choke device and impurity choke device, main motor-driven peel off cotton boll broken shell roller, separate roller, clearing roll, large U type tooth bar roller, little U type tooth bar roller and the brush roll of impurity-removing mechanism;
The middle part of described frame head is provided with a BOGEY WHEEL, and the both sides at frame rear portion respectively are provided with a BOGEY WHEEL.
2. cotton boll decorticator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the spacing between the described cotton boll feeding breaker roll is 12mm.
3. cotton boll decorticator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described separate roller and clearing roll respectively are made as two.
CN2010206959777U 2010-12-31 2010-12-31 Cotton boll shucking machine Expired - Fee Related CN202054934U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206959777U CN202054934U (en) 2010-12-31 2010-12-31 Cotton boll shucking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206959777U CN202054934U (en) 2010-12-31 2010-12-31 Cotton boll shucking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202054934U true CN202054934U (en) 2011-11-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010206959777U Expired - Fee Related CN202054934U (en) 2010-12-31 2010-12-31 Cotton boll shucking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202054934U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102586893A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-18 杨茂才 Automatic feeding device for cotton-stripping cotton cleaner
CN103046143A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-04-17 黄梁军 Hull breaking net of cotton boll huller
CN103572381A (en) * 2012-07-19 2014-02-12 曲周县邯丰机械制造有限公司 Multifunctional seed cotton cleaner
CN103726107A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-04-16 李通 Seed cotton cleaner
CN105133094A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-09 胡玉白 Scutcher

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102586893A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-18 杨茂才 Automatic feeding device for cotton-stripping cotton cleaner
CN103572381A (en) * 2012-07-19 2014-02-12 曲周县邯丰机械制造有限公司 Multifunctional seed cotton cleaner
CN103046143A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-04-17 黄梁军 Hull breaking net of cotton boll huller
CN103726107A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-04-16 李通 Seed cotton cleaner
CN105133094A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-09 胡玉白 Scutcher

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111130

Termination date: 20171231