CN201972172U - Underground rigid composite waterproof construction structure - Google Patents

Underground rigid composite waterproof construction structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201972172U
CN201972172U CN2010206846660U CN201020684666U CN201972172U CN 201972172 U CN201972172 U CN 201972172U CN 2010206846660 U CN2010206846660 U CN 2010206846660U CN 201020684666 U CN201020684666 U CN 201020684666U CN 201972172 U CN201972172 U CN 201972172U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
waterproof
concrete
basement
layer
construction
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206846660U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯云
李超
郑用正
刘冠南
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN HOUSING GROUP CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CONTRACTION Co Ltd
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TIANJIN HOUSING GROUP CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CONTRACTION Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010206846660U priority Critical patent/CN201972172U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201972172U publication Critical patent/CN201972172U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an underground rigid composite waterproof construction structure, which comprises a basement bottom-plate waterproof structure, a basement outer-wall waterproof structure and a basement top-plate waterproof structure, wherein the basement outer-wall waterproof structure is arranged around the basement bottom-plate waterproof structure. The basement bottom-plate waterproof structure comprises concrete cushion layers sequentially poured on natural soil and a compacting type self-waterproof concrete bottom plate mixed with a concrete waterproof compacting agent. The upper part of the compacting type self-waterproof concrete bottom plate mixed with the concrete waterproof compacting agent is sequentially coated with a waterproof cement plain layer mixed with a mortar waterproof agent and a waterproof cement mortar layer mixed with a mortar waterproof agent, and the thickness of the waterproof cement plain layer is not smaller than 2mm, and the thickness of the waterproof cement mortar layer is not smaller than 20mm. The underground rigid composite waterproof construction structure has simple operation, high construction speed and no water channeling layer, saves energy, reduces consumption, decreases late poured bands in super-long components, is safe and environment-friendly, can effectively shorten the construction period, and saves the construction cost.

Description

A kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to the underground rigidity composite water-proof of a kind of building constructing structure, relates in particular to basement bottom board, exterior wall and the waterproof roofing of building.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the continuous employing of new material, new technology, the deepening continuously of associated materials basic research, the overlength construction technology of mass concrete work has had development fast, has especially obtained using widely in the building basement construction.But because the distinctive character of overlength concrete in mass, the crack that the heat of hydration of its cementitious material and concrete shrinkage are produced is inevitably, causes the seepage of building basement, and this has brought new research topic with regard to the waterproof technique of giving building.
Learn the patent of having authorized by retrieval:
1 " a kind of novel buildings waterproof deck " (application number 96116243.0) this patent disclosure a kind of waterproof construction layer that is widely used in builing industry, form by flexible water gap-filling glue, release layer, fibrous material, cement series waterproofing paint, waterproof latex and organic polymer front cover latex, release layer between flexible water gap-filling glue and the fibrous material has the effect that increases first rigid waterproofing coating elongation per unit length of shrinkage joint; The present invention has that fibrous material strengthens, the good bending resistance tensile property of waterproof coating, simultaneously semirigid waterproof coating have wear-resisting, ageing-resistant, with the strong advantage of substrate adhesion, thereby solved the difficult problem that semi-rigid coating, shrinkage joint are easily torn.This utility model of 2 " rigid waterproof layers " (application number 00225519.7) discloses a kind of rigid waterproof layer for building.This rigid waterproof layer comprises concrete prefabricated element, reinforcing bar, and ground tackle, each concrete prefabricated element joint is put reinforcing bar in length and breadth, and ground tackle is enclosed within on the reinforcing bar, and is bearing on the sidewall of concrete prefabricated element.To drawing, reinforcing bar produces prestressing force with reinforcing bar two, then on the sidewall by ground tackle supporting prefabricated units, keep the prestressing force of reinforcing bar, make the polylith prefabricated units be combined into rigid waterproof layer closely, under prestressed, reinforced effect, the rigid waterproofing layer concrete no longer ftractures and leaks, can durable use.This disclosure of the Invention of 3 " method for rigid waterproof construction of beam and slab type basement " (application number 200910097961.8) a kind of method for rigid waterproof construction of beam and slab type basement, belong to the basement waterproofing technical field of construction, comprise the steps: that (1) is with clean, smooth concrete base layer surface infiltration; (2) with clean clear water and cement based penetration crystallization type water proofing paint, be 0.3: 1 ratio by weight, evenly be modulated into mortar, and modulated process must be finished in 20 minutes; The total amount of mortar with on the construction area of regulation, is pressed 1.4kg/m 2Amount calculate; (3) select for use hairbrush, nylon bruss that mortar is is evenly come and gone the concrete base laminar surface that is painted on infiltration, or select for use spray gun evenly to spray, until mortar is used up; When brushing or spraying, environment temperature must be more than 4 ℃; (4) after the mortar final set 3-4 hour, adopt atomizing to spread water curing, every day, wet curing was 3-5 time, continuous 2-3 days.The present invention has improved the water resistance of basement ground metope.More than three patents building water-proof structure and method are all disclosed, the 1st patent solved the difficult problem that semi-rigid coating, shrinkage joint are easily torn, the 2nd patent disclosure be to make the polylith prefabricated units be combined into rigid waterproof layer closely.The 3rd patent disclosure be the mortar that modulates at concrete base laminar surface spary.Above-mentioned three patents all can't reach the whole complex function of this patent.
4. " thermal preservation, heat insulating two-way prestressed rigid watertight roof slab " (application number patent No.: 85103137).This patent disclosure thermal preservation, heat insulating two-way prestressed rigid watertight roof slab, it is the roof structure that is used for the heat retaining and insulated waterproof of flat roof deck, to solve the heat-insulation and heat-preservation and the seepy question of flat roof deck. it is characterized in that in roof structure basic unit, waste materials such as use slag are made insulation layer, establish leveling layer on the insulation layer, separation layer, use special pedestal and tensioner then on roofing, perfusion two dimension prestressing high-grade concrete waterproofing course is at splash guard interblock ointment filleting, use simple and easy facility thereby reach, common material, construction costs is low, and quality is good, long service life, the roof structure that the heat retaining and insulated waterproof effect is solid and reliable.5. " slip bidiectional prestressed reinforcement concrete rigid water-proof roofing construction method " (application number: 92107654.1) this patent disclosure a kind of slip two dimension prestressing reinforced concrete rigid waterproof roof construction method, this method is at first to do one deck to isolate sliding layer between roofing leveling layer and roof waterproof, stretch-draw two dimension prestressing reinforcing bar then, water the rigid waterproofing layer concrete, in supporting place and the roofing turning point of roof panel the shrinkage joint is set again.Rigid waterproof layer steel concrete can be made flute profile (or planar shaped), bankets, grows flowers, plants grass in groove, both can beautify the environment, alternative again insulating.Adopt this method newly-built non-leakage with the rigid waterproof layer of reprocessing flat roof, good endurance, easy construction, cost is low.6. " a kind of job practices of monolithic roofing " (application number: 00112762.4) this patent disclosure a kind of job practices of monolithic roofing.Its method is to smear camber at the place, shrinkage joint of the rigid waterproof layer of roof panel reservation with cement mortar, pastes thereon with the malthoid of being wider than arc subsequently; Smear a watt shape at the flashing place with cement mortar, use malthoid fixed thereon subsequently; Shop lime mortar bed course; Branch mailbox waters secondary C20 waterproof concrete rigid waterproof layer at interval on the lime mortar bed course; The floating press polish of rigid waterproofing laminar surface is treated to carry out the secondary press polish again, the trickle moist curing after concrete is received water; Block heat insulating tile ridge (pier), installation insulating board, insulating board face are smeared cement mortar and press polish; Divide the lattice seam with band iron.This invention is a kind of good water-proof effect, cost is low, construction is simple, the job practices of the monolithic roofing of good endurance.More than three patents (4~6) all disclosed be waterproof roof-working method, be not suitable for basement construction waterproof construction method.
7. " a kind of water-proof glass fibre reinforced plastic material " (application number patent No.: 90100235.6) the present invention relates to a kind of waterproofing materials, the compound rigid and flexible water-proofing material of particularly a kind of glass fiber reinforced plastic.It is according at present best two film the waterproof principles for $, with fiberglass reinforced thermosetting plastics is, and with flexible waterproof layer, topping, adhesive linkage and separation layer, forms a hard and soft property composite water-proof material.This material integrates the superiority of flexible waterproof sheet and rigid waterproofing coiled material, having the water resistance excellence, be suitable for advantages such as physical environment is wide, adaptive temperature wide ranges, easy construction, impact strength height, long service life, is a kind of comparatively excellent composite water-proof material.8. " a kind of cement-base rigidity water-proofing material and preparation method thereof " (the application number patent No.: 200810046932.4) this invention belongs to the constructional materials class, is specifically related to a kind of cement-base rigidity water-proofing material and preparation method thereof.A kind of cement-base rigidity water-proofing material, it is characterized in that it by cement, ultra-fine silicoide Admixture, salic minerals Admixture, hydrophober, siliceous fine sand, efficiently release water Admixture, super plasticizer and antimitotic agent raw material and mix; The shared mass number of each raw material is: 6~8 parts of cement, 0.6~1 part of ultra-fine silicoide Admixture, 1.5~3 parts of salic minerals Admixtures, 0.24~0.4 part of hydrophober, 11~14 parts of siliceous fine sands, efficiently release 0.1~0.3 part of water Admixture, 0.08~0.10 part of super plasticizer, 0.01~0.03 part of antimitotic agent.This waterproofing materials and base material compatibility of deformation performance is good, cracking resistance is good.9. " a kind of buildings waterproof worker method, composite of water-proof coiled material and preparation method thereof " (application number: 200910176420.4) this invention provides a kind of buildings waterproof worker method; its terylene non-woven fabric and polymer cement binding material by the composite of water-proof coiled material upper and lower surface embeds fusion mutually before curing; form together and building structure layer and the two-sided closely connected integral waterproofing layer of rigid waterproofing topping; its good water-proof effect; be applicable to the waterproof of buildings such as basement, roofing, tunnel, pond, also can construct at rainy weather or moist basal plane.Used composite of water-proof coiled material is the vinyl polymer composite of water-proof coiled material, and its preparation method comprises the steps: (1) equipment preheating, (2) batching, (3) extrusion molding, (4) compound enhancing tack coat; (5) traction cutting edge rolling, go out finished product.The present invention also provides a kind of composite of water-proof coiled material, its structure: the centre is a polyethylene sheeting, and upper and lower surface is a terylene non-woven fabric; Its raw material is formed: LLDPE, black masterbatch, chopped fiber needle-punched non-weaving cloth; Its good-extensibility, life-span length, simple, the easy construction of preparation technology.These three patents are all disclosed to be waterproofing materials and preparation method thereof, fully different with the waterproofing materials FS101 mortar waterproofing course (mixing the FS101 waterproof agent) of this patent and FS102 compact waterproof concrete (mixing the FS102 concrete waterproof compacting agent). the compound rigid waterproofing system of waterproofer's method, preparation method and this patent of these three patent disclosures is also different fully.Above-mentioned three patents but can't reach building structure supporting member and water-proof function are united two into one, and can't be based on main structure body self waterproof performance, improve waterproof assurance degree, and the waterproof time limit is reached and the same life-span of building.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiency of prior art, a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure is provided, this waterproof construction can make building structure supporting member and water-proof function unite two into one, be based on main structure body self waterproof performance, improve waterproof assurance degree, the waterproof time limit is reached and the same life-span of building.
A kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure of the present utility model, it comprises the basement bottom board waterproof construction and is arranged on outer wall of basement waterproof construction around the described basement bottom board waterproof and the waterproof construction of basement roof, described basement bottom board waterproof construction comprises concrete cushion and the compact self-waterproof concrete base plate that is cast in successively on the original soil, be wiped with successively on described compact self-waterproof concrete base plate top and be not less than the plain slurry layer of the thick waterproof cement of 2mm and be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer of 20mm, described outer wall of basement waterproof construction comprises compact self-waterproof concrete exterior wall, be wiped with successively in the indoor side of described compact self-waterproof concrete exterior wall and be not less than the plain slurry layer of the thick waterproof cement of 2mm and be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer of 20mm, described basement roof waterproof construction comprises compact self-waterproof concrete top board, is wiped with successively at described compact self-waterproof concrete top board downside to be not less than the plain slurry layer of the thick waterproof cement of 2mm and to be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer of 20mm.
Advantage of the present utility model: easy and simple to handle, speed of application is fast, does not have and to scurry water layer, and is energy-saving and cost-reducing, reduces the setting of ater-casting in the overlength member, safety and environmental protection, effectively reduction of erection time and save operating expenses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the basement bottom board waterproof construction schematic diagram of a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the outer wall of basement waterproof construction schematic diagram of a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the basement roof waterproof construction schematic diagram of a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in detail.
A kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure of the present utility model, it comprises the basement bottom board waterproof construction and is arranged on outer wall of basement waterproof construction around the described basement bottom board waterproof and the waterproof construction of basement roof.
The basement bottom board waterproof construction of a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure as shown in Figure 1, it comprises the concrete cushion 2 that is cast in successively on the original soil 1, the compact self-waterproof concrete base plate 3 that is mixed with concrete waterproof compacting agent, is wiped with the plain slurry layer 4 of the waterproof cement that is mixed with mortar waterproof agent that is not less than 2mm on described compact self-waterproof concrete base plate 3 tops that are mixed with concrete waterproof compacting agent successively and is not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer 5 that is mixed with mortar waterproof agent of 20mm.
The outer wall of basement waterproof construction of of the present utility model a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure as shown in Figure 2.It comprises the compact self-waterproof concrete exterior wall 6 that is mixed with concrete waterproof compacting agent, is wiped with successively in described compact self-waterproof concrete exterior wall 6 indoor sides that are mixed with concrete waterproof compacting agent to be not less than the plain slurry layer 4 of the thick waterproof cement that is mixed with mortar waterproof agent of 2mm and to be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer 5 that is mixed with mortar waterproof agent of 20mm.
The basement roof waterproof construction of of the present utility model a kind of underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure as shown in Figure 3, it comprises the compact self-waterproof concrete top board 7 that is mixed with concrete waterproof compacting agent, is wiped with successively at described compact self-waterproof concrete top board 7 downsides that are mixed with concrete waterproof compacting agent to be not less than the plain slurry layer 4 of the thick waterproof cement that is mixed with mortar waterproof agent of 2mm and to be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer 5 that is mixed with mortar waterproof agent of 20mm.
The product F S101 mortar waterproof agent that the product F S102 concrete waterproof compacting agent that described concrete waterproof compacting agent can adopt Beijing positive great achievement of dragon Science and Technology Co., Ltd. to produce, described mortar waterproof agent can adopt Beijing positive great achievement of dragon Science and Technology Co., Ltd. to produce.

Claims (1)

1. underground rigidity composite water-proof constructing structure, it is characterized in that: it comprises the basement bottom board waterproof construction and is arranged on outer wall of basement waterproof construction around the described basement bottom board waterproof and the waterproof construction of basement roof, described basement bottom board waterproof construction comprises concrete cushion and the compact self-waterproof concrete base plate that is cast in successively on the original soil, be wiped with successively on described compact self-waterproof concrete base plate top and be not less than the plain slurry layer of the thick waterproof cement of 2mm and be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer of 20mm, described outer wall of basement waterproof construction comprises compact self-waterproof concrete exterior wall, be wiped with successively in the indoor side of described compact self-waterproof concrete exterior wall and be not less than the plain slurry layer of the thick waterproof cement of 2mm and be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer of 20mm, described basement roof waterproof construction comprises compact self-waterproof concrete top board, is wiped with successively at described compact self-waterproof concrete top board downside to be not less than the plain slurry layer of the thick waterproof cement of 2mm and to be not less than the thick waterproof cement mortar layer of 20mm.
CN2010206846660U 2010-12-28 2010-12-28 Underground rigid composite waterproof construction structure Expired - Fee Related CN201972172U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104264717A (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-01-07 李影 Basement rigid material and flexible material combined waterproof construction method
CN105672497A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-06-15 北京东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Concrete base surface waterproof construction treatment method, concrete base anti-permeation layer and application
CN106381921A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-08 北京中房国建地下防水工程顾问有限公司 360-degree underground waterproof structure system and construction method thereof
CN106499066A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-15 北京龙阳伟业科技股份有限公司 A kind of method that utilization FS101 mortar waterproof agents carry out building waterproof layer construction
CN111333376A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-26 中铁贵州工程有限公司 Novel underground parking lot waterproof and anti-seepage structure and construction method
CN111962567A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-20 北京中房国建地下防水工程顾问有限公司 Waterproof structure of underground water pool
CN112854311A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-28 王辰悦 Underground waterproof system with same life cycle as building and construction method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104264717A (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-01-07 李影 Basement rigid material and flexible material combined waterproof construction method
CN105672497A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-06-15 北京东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Concrete base surface waterproof construction treatment method, concrete base anti-permeation layer and application
CN106381921A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-02-08 北京中房国建地下防水工程顾问有限公司 360-degree underground waterproof structure system and construction method thereof
CN106499066A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-15 北京龙阳伟业科技股份有限公司 A kind of method that utilization FS101 mortar waterproof agents carry out building waterproof layer construction
CN111333376A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-26 中铁贵州工程有限公司 Novel underground parking lot waterproof and anti-seepage structure and construction method
CN111962567A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-20 北京中房国建地下防水工程顾问有限公司 Waterproof structure of underground water pool
CN112854311A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-28 王辰悦 Underground waterproof system with same life cycle as building and construction method thereof

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Granted publication date: 20110914

Termination date: 20151228

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