CN105401654A - Environment-friendly assembled type ecological house and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Environment-friendly assembled type ecological house and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105401654A
CN105401654A CN201510908347.0A CN201510908347A CN105401654A CN 105401654 A CN105401654 A CN 105401654A CN 201510908347 A CN201510908347 A CN 201510908347A CN 105401654 A CN105401654 A CN 105401654A
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China
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prefabricated
cast
ecological
place
concrete
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黄炜
李斌
石安仁
闫琦
苏衍江
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Priority to CN201510908347.0A priority Critical patent/CN105401654A/en
Publication of CN105401654A publication Critical patent/CN105401654A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • E04B1/043Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/041Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres composed of a number of smaller elements, e.g. bricks, also combined with a slab of hardenable material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/38Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels
    • E04C2/382Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels with a frame of concrete or other stone-like substance

Abstract

The invention relates to an environment-friendly assembled type ecological house. The environment-friendly assembled type ecological house comprises a wall and a roof, wherein the wall comprises wall slab bottom mortar, prefabricated ecological composite wall slabs are mounted on the wall slab bottom mortar, horizontal connection reinforcing bars of the prefabricated ecological composite wall slabs are respectively nested with longitudinal bars of cast-in-place vertical edge members, cast-in-place connecting struts and cast-in-place hidden girders; besides, the longitudinal bars of the cast-in-place hidden girders are nested with horizontal connecting bars of a prefabricated laminated floor, so that the connection of the prefabricated ecological composite wall slabs and the prefabricated laminated floor is realized; concrete is casted outside the cast-in-place vertical edge members, the cast-in-place connecting struts and the cast-in-place hidden girders. The invention further provides a construction method of the ecological house. According to the environment-friendly assembled type ecological house and construction method thereof, disclosed by the invention, key parts of the prefabricated ecological composite wall slabs, the prefabricated laminated floor, and the like are in plant production, so that the target of saving energy of varied buildings of houses in villages and small towns can be realized, and the requirements for high efficiency, high quality, low resource consumption and low environmental influence of buildings are met. A reasonable and effective way for propelling the industrialization of houses in villages in China is also provided.

Description

A kind of green assembling ecological folk house and construction method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of buildings, particularly the green assembling ecological folk house of one and construction method thereof.
Background technology
Prefabricated concrete structure meets the resources conservation proposed in China " 12 " planning, eco-friendly social desirability, is one of effective way realizing building energy conservation reduction of discharging and housing industrialization.In recent years, country puts into effect successively to the policy guidance of assembled-type house and preferential policy, and development high-strength light, anti-seismic performance is good, energy-saving effect is good, easy construction, economical and practical, environmental protection and the development that the novel green ecological folk house being suitable for industrialized development meets China's country building industry are sent to.At present, the development of village-town house faces problems, and on the one hand at the bottom of the functional difference of village-town house, structural safety, shock resistance is poor, and the new builing structure system that therefore searching meets village-town house has become the problem needing now solution badly.Village-town house buildings most is on the other hand by traditional construction mode, housing construction is backward in technique, labor productivity is low, speed of application is slow, new craft liquor level is low, therefore, need improve the mode of construction of traditional village and town houses, propose that a kind of structure is simple, reasonable in design, easy construction and input cost is lower, the good novel green ecological folk house of result of use.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of green assembling ecological folk house and construction method thereof, standardized designs is adopted in village-town house building overall process, industrialization manufactures, specialized dispensing, the technical approach of prefabricated construction and information system management, realize the industrialization that village-town house builds overall process, intensive and socialization, thus make this novel green assembling ecological folk house have energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing compared with traditional village and town houses, ecological, environmental protective, fast construction, the advantage such as economical and practical, certain technical support and engineering mimoir foundation is provided for China carries forward vigorously grange industrialization.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of green assembling ecological folk house, comprise body of wall and roof, described body of wall comprises mortar bottom wallboard, mortar is provided with prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 bottom wallboard, the level connection joint reinforcing bar of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 respectively with cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, the vertical muscle of cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4 is nested, the vertical muscle of cast-in-place hidden girder 4 is simultaneously nested with the level connection joint muscle of Prefabricated stacking floor 5, realize the connection of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 and Prefabricated stacking floor 5, at described cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, concrete has been built outside cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4.
Described prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 is made up of the reinforced concrete box being embedded with ecological bulk 11.
Described ecological bulk 11 is powder ash air-entrained concrete building block.
Described powder ash air-entrained concrete building block with flyash, quicklime and cement for primary raw material, be regulate material with gypsum, mixed slurry is stirred into by certain match ratio and water. add foaming agent aluminium powder cream, there is series of physical and chemical reaction, slip multiviscosisty, harden into Aerated concrete blank, after cutting into and needing size, form through high-pressure saturated steam maintenance.
Described Prefabricated stacking floor 5 is steel fibre mud haydite concrete cross rib base plate laminated floor slab or steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab; between upper and lower two-layer prefabricated ecological composite panels 1; realize being connected by cast-in-place hidden girder 4 with between prefabricated ecological composite panels 1; together with Prefabricated stacking floor 5 waters with cast-in-place hidden girder 4, the last layer of Prefabricated stacking floor 5 is concordant with cast-in-place hidden girder 4 top.
Described steel fibre mud haydite concrete cross rib base plate laminated floor slab, comprise the steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate with cross rib, one side with cross rib on steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate has cast-in-situ concrete layer, in described steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, containing steel fibre 78kg in every cubic meter of concrete, sludge ceramsite 750kg, water 200kg, cement 430kg and sand 700kg, in one side with cross rib on described steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface, baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet is had in described steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinal cross rib arrangement of reinforcement is had along its length in cross rib,
Described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab, comprise the steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate with single rib, one side with single rib on steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate has cast-in-situ concrete layer, in described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, containing steel fibre 78kg in every cubic meter of concrete, cement 500kg, water 200kg, regeneration brick aggregate 1150kg and sand 500kg, in one side with single rib on described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface, baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet is had in described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinal single rib arrangement of reinforcement is had along its length in single rib.
Prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 as exterior wall can adopt the process of foam cement Surgery therapy, the process of thermal insulation mortar Surgery therapy or the process of XPS sandwich heat preservation.
The prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 of described employing foam cement Surgery therapy process is coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, then foam cement is set on polymer bonding mortar, polymers anti-cracking mortar is smeared again on foam cement, and in polymers anti-cracking mortar, being pressed into alkali-proof glass grid cloth, described foam cement match ratio is cement: flyash: breeze: silica flour: blowing agent: foam stabilizer: polypropylene fibre: water=1.04kg:0.5kg:0.5kg:10g:3.5L:2.25L:6.1g:480g;
The process of described employing thermal insulation mortar Surgery therapy is coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, then spray on polymer bonding mortar or build thermal insulation mortar, polymers anti-cracking mortar is smeared again on thermal insulation mortar, and in polymers anti-cracking mortar, being pressed into alkali-proof glass grid cloth, described thermal insulation mortar match ratio is water: cement: EPS particle: glass bead: calcium sulfate crystal whiskers: rubber powder: cellulose ether=1.04kg:1kg:3.5L:2.25L:9g:15g:6g;
The process of described employing XPS sandwich heat preservation is coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, then on polymer bonding mortar, XPS warming plate is laid, on XPS warming plate, gauze wire cloth is installed again, and on XPS warming plate and gauze wire cloth concreting.
Present invention also offers the construction method of this green assembling ecological folk house, comprise the steps:
Step 1, produce prefabricated ecological composite panels 1:
First assemble steel form, make cage of reinforcement, cage of reinforcement enters mould, puts ecological bulk; Then use concreting, form preliminary wallboard; Last standard curing 1 ~ 2d, removes steel form, forms prefabricated ecological composite panels 1;
Step 2, produce Prefabricated stacking floor 5:
First matsurface special-purpose steel template is assembled, assembling reinforcement mesh sheet; Then use concreting, form preliminary superimposed sheet; Last standard curing 1 ~ 2d, removes steel form, forms the Prefabricated stacking floor 5 with certain bearing capacity;
Step 3, prefabricated units are installed:
When prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 intensity reaches more than 75% of design load, first wetting wall base ground, lays mortar bottom wallboard, hoisting prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, adjust prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 to locate and in place, the level connection joint reinforcing bar of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 respectively with cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, the vertical muscle of cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4 is nested, complete prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 to install, then the installation of novel base plate laminated floor slab 5 with ribbing is started, adjustment Prefabricated stacking floor 5 is located and in place, the vertical muscle of the level connection joint muscle of Prefabricated stacking floor 5 also cast-in-place hidden girder 4 is nested, finally carry out cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, the template support of cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4, concreting, thus form assembling combined wall,
Step 4, roof and accessory system are installed.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the crucial component such as prefabricated ecological composite panels and Prefabricated stacking floor all adopts factorial praluction mode, while raising prefabricated units quality, also the normalization of crucial component, unitized and diversified is realized, to meet the diversified demand that various places village-town house builds different cover type.
2, the ecomaterial filled out in combined wall board, suits measures to local conditions, gathers materials on the spot, ecological energy-saving, replaces conventional clay, can effectively alleviate raw-material consumption, and what also solve a part of urban waste recycles problem simultaneously.
3, compared with traditional village-town house construction, green ecological agriculture occupies and adopts suitability for industrialized production, specialization is provided and delivered and the build model of prefabricated construction, job site mainly relies on specialized machinery, labour uses less and smart, automaticity is high, and speed of application is fast, substantially can realize agent structure in 1 ~ 3d and build, ensure stability and the accuracy of village-town house quality, meet the requirement of building integral capability and performance.
4, the utilization of green assembling ecological folk house industrialization construction mode and complete integrated technology, the multiple building energy conservation target of village-town house can be realized, meet the demand of the high efficiency of building, high-quality, low consumption of resources and low environmental impact, also be advance the one of China's grange industrialization rationally effective approach, comply with the tendency of the day of sustainable development.
5, the three kinds of wall thermal insulating modes selected, insulation layer can horizontal construction integrated with deck, greatly enhances productivity.And there is good fireproof performance and weather resistance, the same life-span with structure can be accomplished.And cold-heat bridge phenomenon can be avoided to produce, heat insulation effect is good, can adapt to the energy-saving heat preserving requirement of China cold district.
6, the two kinds of Prefabricated stacking floors selected, effectively can alleviate traditional raw-material consumption problem, have the advantage such as energy-conserving and environment-protective, green ecological.In its superposed surfaces form, wharf's pavement quality adds the degree of roughness of superposed surfaces, cross rib structure improves integral rigidity, has good integrity, and anti-seismic performance is superior, from heavy and light and there are the advantages such as stronger bonding and shearing ability, be conducive to building unit industrialization, be beneficial to factory process, site assembly, greatly improve efficiency of construction, the reduction of erection time.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is wall assembly schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the prefabricated ecological composite panels structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is Prefabricated stacking floor structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the green assembling ecological folk house schematic diagram that the present invention builds.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
A kind of green assembling ecological folk house of the present invention, comprise body of wall and roof, wherein body of wall as shown in Figure 1, comprise mortar bottom wallboard, mortar is provided with prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 bottom wallboard, the level connection joint reinforcing bar of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 respectively with cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, the vertical muscle of cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4 is nested, the vertical muscle of cast-in-place hidden girder 4 is simultaneously nested with the level connection joint muscle of Prefabricated stacking floor 5, realize the connection of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 and Prefabricated stacking floor 5, at described cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, concrete has been built outside cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4.
Wherein:
Prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, as shown in Figure 2, with cross section and the less concrete sash of arrangement of reinforcement, the embedded ecological bulk 11 based on industrial waste forms, there is vertical muscle 8, horizontal bar 9, girt strip 7 and rib post 6, ecological bulk 11 is arranged in the sash that girt strip 7 is formed with rib post 6, is equipped with vertical muscle 8 and horizontal bar 9, and whole prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 has that intensity is higher, ductility good, the excellent feature of anti-seismic performance.
According to the present invention, the prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 as exterior wall can adopt the process of foam cement Surgery therapy, the process of thermal insulation mortar Surgery therapy or the process of XPS sandwich heat preservation.
Its manufacture process is as follows respectively:
The process of foam cement Surgery therapy:
The lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 applies 10mm thick polymer adhesive mortar, on polymer bonding mortar, then builds the uniform foam cement of mix, and to control thickness be 40mm, form removal maintenance after intensity reaches more than 75% of design load; Finally, standard curing 28 days, form the foam cement of gas-fixing structure, then with instrument by its surfacing, 10mm thick polymer anticracking grout is smeared again on foam cement, and in polymers anti-cracking mortar, be pressed into alkali-proof glass grid cloth, wherein foam cement match ratio is cement: flyash: breeze: silica flour: blowing agent: foam stabilizer: polypropylene fibre: water=1.04kg:0.5kg:0.5kg:10g:3.5L:2.25L:6.1g:480g.
Adopt the process of thermal insulation mortar Surgery therapy:
The lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 applies 10mm thick polymer adhesive mortar; then spray on polymer bonding mortar or build the thick thermal insulation mortar of 35mm; after smooth; quietly stop two hours; 10mm thick polymer anticracking grout is smeared again on thermal insulation mortar; and in polymers anti-cracking mortar, being pressed into alkali-proof glass grid cloth, described thermal insulation mortar match ratio is water: cement: EPS particle: glass bead: calcium sulfate crystal whiskers: rubber powder: cellulose ether=1.04kg:1kg:3.5L:2.25L:9g:15g:6g.
Adopt the process of XPS sandwich heat preservation:
Coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, then lays XPS warming plate, then install gauze wire cloth on XPS warming plate on polymer bonding mortar, and on XPS warming plate and gauze wire cloth concreting.
Prefabricated stacking floor 5, as shown in Figure 3, be made up of prefabricated panel part and cast-in-place part, wherein prefabricated panel 12 makes in processing factory, be built-in with reinforced mesh 10, after construction hoisting is in place, a cast-in-place layer concrete and form overall structure thereon, have that component quality is good, speed of application is fast, the advantages such as a large amount of template and supporting can be saved.
The plant equipment that selectivity of the present invention and load-bearing capacity are all good, completes prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, the quick production of Prefabricated stacking floor 5, dispensing and site assembly, realizes agent structure in 1 ~ 3d and substantially built.
4, green energy conservation Integration ofTechnology: for the design of characteristic ecological folk house, that multiple Building technology is carried out in architectural environment and the aspect such as ecological protection, energy conservation is integrated.
The construction method of the green assembling ecological folk house of the present invention, comprises the steps:
Step one: the production of prefabricated ecological composite panels 1.First assemble special-purpose steel template, Making of reinforcement cage, wall steel bar skeleton enters mould, puts ecological bulk immediately; Then use concreting, wallboard begins to take shape; Last standard curing 1 ~ 2d, removes steel form, can form prefabricated ecological composite panels 1.Corresponding isothermal holding can be carried out as required in process.
Step 2: the production of Prefabricated stacking floor 5.First matsurface special-purpose steel template is assembled, assembling reinforcement mesh sheet; Then use concreting, form preliminary superimposed sheet; Last standard curing 1 ~ 2d, removes steel form, forms the Prefabricated stacking floor 5 with certain bearing capacity.
Prefabricated stacking floor 5 of the present invention can be steel fibre mud haydite concrete cross rib base plate laminated floor slab or steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab.Structure and preparation process are distinguished as follows:
Steel fibre mud haydite concrete cross rib base plate laminated floor slab, comprise the steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate with cross rib, one side with cross rib on steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate has cast-in-situ concrete layer, in steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, containing steel fibre 78kg in every cubic meter of concrete, sludge ceramsite 750kg, water 200kg, cement 430kg and sand 700kg, in one side with cross rib on steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface, baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet is had in steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinal cross rib arrangement of reinforcement is had along its length in cross rib.Its preparation comprises:
1, the concrete preparation of steel fibre mud potting grain:
First steel fibre is made to be dispersed in sludge ceramsite steel fibre and sludge ceramsite mix and blend; Sand and cement are mixed with the mixture of steel fibre and sludge ceramsite, first dry stirring adds water stirring more again; Mixing time is consistent with ordinary concrete;
2, the preparation of prefabricated panel:
First place is levelling, then makes the wooden form of prefabricated panel, lays and colligation baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet, fixes the template of cross rib, lays cross rib arrangement of reinforcement; Then use the concreting of steel fibre sludge ceramsite, prefabricated panel begins to take shape; After base plate upper strata is floating, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface; Last standard curing 14d, stripping, forms the steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate with cross rib;
3, cast-in-situ concrete layer is built:
When prefabricated panel intensity reaches more than 75% of design load, first wetting backplate surface, installs template; Then cast-in-situ concrete layer reinforced mesh is laid, concreting, after floating, standard curing 28 days.
Steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab, comprise the steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate with single rib, one side with single rib on steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate has cast-in-situ concrete layer, in described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, containing steel fibre 78kg in every cubic meter of concrete, cement 500kg, water 200kg, regeneration brick aggregate 1150kg and sand 500kg, in one side with single rib on described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface, baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet is had in described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinal single rib arrangement of reinforcement is had along its length in single rib.Its preparation comprises:
See figures.1.and.2, the preparation of steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab of the present invention comprises the steps:
1, the concrete preparation of steel fibre regeneration brick grain.First steel fibre is made to be dispersed in regeneration brick grain steel fibre and regeneration brick grain mix and blend; Sand and cement are mixed with the mixture of steel fibre and regeneration brick grain, first dry stirring adds water stirring more again; Mixing time is consistent with ordinary concrete; Finally obtained steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete.
2, prefabricated panel is produced.First make the wooden form of prefabricated panel, and the single rib masterplate on base plate also makes in the lump, assembling reinforcement mesh sheet; Then use the concreting of steel fibre regeneration brick grain, prefabricated panel begins to take shape; After base plate upper strata is floating, plucking produces matsurface; Last standard curing 14d, stripping, can form the steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete floor with single rib.
3, Novel steel fiber regeneration brick grain concrete floor last layer is built.When prefabricated panel intensity reaches more than 75% of design load, first wetting backplate surface, installs masterplate; Then lay last layer distributing bar mesh sheet, concreting, sweeps surrounding enviroment after floating.Last standard curing 28 days, thus form Novel steel fiber regeneration brick grain reinforced concrete slab.
Step 3: prefabricated units transport, installation.Completed transport, the installation of prefabricated units by plant equipment, accurately locate.When prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 intensity reaches more than 75% of design load, first wetting wall base ground, lays mortar bottom wallboard; Then hoisting prefabricated ecological composite panels 1, adjust prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 and to locate and in place, the horizontal bar 9 in prefabricated ecological composite panels 1 is nested with the vertical muscle of cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4 respectively.Complete wallboard to install, start the installation of Prefabricated stacking floor 5, adjustment Prefabricated stacking floor 5 is located and in place, the level connection joint muscle of Prefabricated stacking floor 5 is also nested with the vertical muscle of cast-in-place hidden girder 4, finally carry out the template support of cast-in-place vertical edges component 2, cast-in-place joint pin 3 and cast-in-place hidden girder 4, concreting, thus form assembling combined wall.
Step 4: by required architectural style, combined wall heat preservation technology, thermal-arrest and the heat-insulation systems such as solar energy, indoor heating boiler, floor panel heating, outdoor drainage, same floor wastewater discharge technique and energy efficient lighting system apply in this green assembling ecological folk house in village-town house, and assembled effect is shown in Fig. 4.

Claims (9)

1. a green assembling ecological folk house, comprise body of wall and roof, it is characterized in that, described body of wall comprises mortar bottom wallboard, mortar is provided with prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) bottom wallboard, the level connection joint reinforcing bar of prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) respectively with cast-in-place vertical edges component (2), the vertical muscle of cast-in-place joint pin (3) and cast-in-place hidden girder (4) is nested, the vertical muscle of cast-in-place hidden girder (4) is simultaneously nested with the level connection joint muscle of Prefabricated stacking floor (5), realize the connection of prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) and Prefabricated stacking floor (5), described cast-in-place vertical edges component (2), concrete has been built outside cast-in-place joint pin (3) and cast-in-place hidden girder (4).
2. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) is made up of the reinforced concrete box being embedded with ecological bulk (11).
3. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described ecological bulk (11) is powder ash air-entrained concrete building block.
4. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described powder ash air-entrained concrete building block with flyash, quicklime and cement for primary raw material, be regulate material with gypsum, mixed slurry is stirred into by certain match ratio and water. add foaming agent aluminium powder cream, series of physical and chemical reaction occur, slip multiviscosisty, harden into Aerated concrete blank, after cutting into and needing size, form through high-pressure saturated steam maintenance.
5. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Prefabricated stacking floor (5) is steel fibre mud haydite concrete cross rib base plate laminated floor slab or steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab, be positioned between upper and lower two-layer prefabricated ecological composite panels (1), realize being connected by cast-in-place hidden girder (4) with between prefabricated ecological composite panels (1), together with Prefabricated stacking floor (5) waters with cast-in-place hidden girder (4), the last layer of Prefabricated stacking floor (5) is concordant with cast-in-place hidden girder (4) top.
6. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described steel fibre mud haydite concrete cross rib base plate laminated floor slab, comprise the steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate with cross rib, one side with cross rib on steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate has cast-in-situ concrete layer, in described steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, containing steel fibre 78kg in every cubic meter of concrete, sludge ceramsite 750kg, water 200kg, cement 430kg and sand 700kg, in one side with cross rib on described steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface, baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet is had in described steel fibre mud potting grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinal cross rib arrangement of reinforcement is had along its length in cross rib,
Described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete list rib base plate laminated floor slab, comprise the steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate with single rib, one side with single rib on steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate has cast-in-situ concrete layer, in described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, containing steel fibre 78kg in every cubic meter of concrete, cement 500kg, water 200kg, regeneration brick aggregate 1150kg and sand 500kg, in one side with single rib on described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinally plucking produces matsurface, baseplate reinforcing bar mesh sheet is had in described steel fibre regeneration brick grain concrete prefabricated base plate, longitudinal single rib arrangement of reinforcement is had along its length in single rib.
7. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) as exterior wall adopts the process of foam cement Surgery therapy, the process of thermal insulation mortar Surgery therapy or the process of XPS sandwich heat preservation.
8. green assembling ecological folk house according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, the prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) of described employing foam cement Surgery therapy process is coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels (1), then foam cement is set on polymer bonding mortar, polymers anti-cracking mortar is smeared again on foam cement, and in polymers anti-cracking mortar, be pressed into alkali-proof glass grid cloth, described foam cement match ratio is cement: flyash: breeze: silica flour: blowing agent: foam stabilizer: polypropylene fibre: water=1.04kg:0.5kg:0.5kg:10g:3.5L:2.25L:6.1g:480g,
The process of described employing thermal insulation mortar Surgery therapy is coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels (1), then spray on polymer bonding mortar or build thermal insulation mortar, polymers anti-cracking mortar is smeared again on thermal insulation mortar, and in polymers anti-cracking mortar, being pressed into alkali-proof glass grid cloth, described thermal insulation mortar match ratio is water: cement: EPS particle: glass bead: calcium sulfate crystal whiskers: rubber powder: cellulose ether=1.04kg:1kg:3.5L:2.25L:9g:15g:6g;
The process of described employing XPS sandwich heat preservation is coated polymer adhesive mortar on the lateral surface of prefabricated ecological composite panels (1), then on polymer bonding mortar, XPS warming plate is laid, on XPS warming plate, gauze wire cloth is installed again, and on XPS warming plate and gauze wire cloth concreting.
9. a construction method for green assembling ecological folk house, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
Step 1, produce prefabricated ecological composite panels (1):
First assemble steel form, make cage of reinforcement, cage of reinforcement enters mould, puts ecological bulk; Then use concreting, form preliminary wallboard; Last standard curing 1 ~ 2d, removes steel form, forms prefabricated ecological composite panels (1);
Step 2, produce Prefabricated stacking floor (5):
First matsurface special-purpose steel template is assembled, assembling reinforcement mesh sheet; Then use concreting, form preliminary superimposed sheet; Last standard curing 1 ~ 2d, removes steel form, forms the Prefabricated stacking floor (5) with certain bearing capacity;
Step 3, prefabricated units are installed:
When prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) intensity reaches more than 75% of design load, first wetting wall base ground, lays mortar bottom wallboard, hoisting prefabricated ecological composite panels (1), adjust prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) location and in place, the level connection joint reinforcing bar of prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) respectively with cast-in-place vertical edges component (2), the vertical muscle of cast-in-place joint pin (3) and cast-in-place hidden girder (4) is nested, complete prefabricated ecological composite panels (1) to install, then the installation of novel base plate laminated floor slab (5) with ribbing is started, adjustment Prefabricated stacking floor (5) location and in place, the vertical muscle of the level connection joint muscle of Prefabricated stacking floor (5) also cast-in-place hidden girder (4) is nested, finally carry out cast-in-place vertical edges component (2), the template support of cast-in-place joint pin (3) and cast-in-place hidden girder (4), concreting, thus form assembling combined wall,
Step 4, roof and accessory system are installed.
CN201510908347.0A 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Environment-friendly assembled type ecological house and construction method thereof Pending CN105401654A (en)

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