CN201932972U - Treatment device for mining wastewater of hyposmosis and high-salt oil field - Google Patents

Treatment device for mining wastewater of hyposmosis and high-salt oil field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201932972U
CN201932972U CN2011200032220U CN201120003222U CN201932972U CN 201932972 U CN201932972 U CN 201932972U CN 2011200032220 U CN2011200032220 U CN 2011200032220U CN 201120003222 U CN201120003222 U CN 201120003222U CN 201932972 U CN201932972 U CN 201932972U
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
filter core
separator
water
treatment
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011200032220U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱国政
范小青
许增团
刘建辉
陈小莉
田文显
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XI'AN HHJ WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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XI'AN HHJ WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a treatment device for mining wastewater of a hyposmosis and high-salt oil field. The treatment device mainly consists of an oil separating precipitation adjusting tank, a sloping panel separator, a coarse graining filter, a gravity agglutination separator, an agglutination separator, an adsorption filter, a multi-level precision filter and a back water injection station. The treatment is carried out by the steps of oil removal, sediment, dosing, separation, adsorption filtering and multi-level precision filtering treatment. In the utility model, with the adoption of the whole course oxygen-separation device and treatment process, the problem that metal equipment and pipelines are corroded by dissolved air floatation is thoroughly solved, and the highest requirement on the A1-level back injection water quality of the back injection water of the oil field is completely achieved. In addition, the applicability of water quality is wider, and ideal treatment effects for high-salt (2000-80000 mg/L), high-turbidity (100-2000 mg/L), low-temperature (6-40 DEG C) mining wastewater and mining wastewater with various oil content can be achieved.

Description

The treatment unit of the high salt oil field extracted waste water of a kind of hyposmosis
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of re-injection treatment unit of high salt low temperature oil field extracted waste water.
Background technology
For the production of recovering the oil, the re-injection of the oil field extracted waste water that produces in the oil recovery process is handled, and is the important factor of restriction oilfield exploitation.Oil field extracted waste water is a kind of comparatively complicated heterogeneous system such as crude oil, suspended solids, bacterium, iron and sulfide and salt etc. that contains, and without the good re-injection water of handling, can have a strong impact on oil recovery quality, oil-production efficiency and oil field produced rate.For the low permeability oil field extracted waste water, conventional treatment method (gravity settling, eddy flow centrifugation, air supporting and filtration etc.) all is difficult to the A1 level water quality requirement of stable reaching " petroclastic rock reservoir water water quality is recommended index and analytical procedure " in (SY/T5329-94).Handling oil field extracted waste water comparison successful method at present is that name is called the patented technology of " a kind of low temperature oil-contaminated water processing method ", the patent No.: 200710121172, but this method is for the processing of high salt low temperature oil field extracted waste water, and it is inapplicable, reason is as follows: because treating processes has adopted pressurized dissolved air flotation technology, increased the dissolved oxygen in the extracted waste water, under high salt condition, cause serious metallic corrosion easily, cause treatment system equipment corrosion damage just to take place in the short period of time, and adopt the rare gas element air floating method, be not suitable for open-air mobile oil producing operation.Also there is the treatment effect instability in this treatment process in addition---be difficult to " 5,1,1 " standard that steady removal suspended solids content and median particle size thereof can not satisfy low permeability oil field re-injection water under the low-temperature condition.And in the actual motion, complicated operation, maintenance cost height.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is, thoroughly solves air-dissolving air-float to hardware and Corrosion of Pipeline problem, reaches the highest A1 level re-injection water water quality requirement of oil field reinjection water requirement.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
One, the high salt low temperature oil-contaminated water treatment unit of the utility model, be made up of oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool A, tilted plate separator B, coarse strainer C, gravity coalescing separator D, adsorption filter E, multistage accurate filter F, re-injection water station 24, each part mentioned above front and back successively is communicated with;
Said oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool A divides forward and backward two portions, and fore portion is used for the oil removal precipitation by the ladder structure that covering ball 4, oil trap 2, oil discharge outlet 3, sludge bucket constitute; Cover the top that ball 4 is positioned at the whole zone of oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool.
Said tilted plate separator B, in two groups of vertical parallel coalescing-plates of placing are arranged;
Said coarse strainer C is equipped with and fills out oleophobic property coarse filler;
Said gravity coalescing separator D is made up of gravity separator, two parts of coalescing separator, is provided with the flow process conduit separately; Gravity separator adopts down, the mode of following water outlet; Coalescing separator is made of filter core support plate 17, coalescent filter core 16, filter core platen 13, arranges successively from top to bottom, and filter core support plate 17 is supporting coalescent filter core 16, and filter core platen 1 is compressing filter core 13;
Said adsorption filter E, in activated carbon cartridge is housed;
Said multistage accurate filter F is made up of housing 14 and sintered filter core 21, and sintered filter core 21 is the titanium alloy sintered filter core.
Two, the technical process of the utility model is:
1, crude oil extraction liquid enters oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool A by pipeline, removes oil deposits and even water quality, regulating pondage; The thickened sludge of oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool is delivered to the drying bed dehydration with the pipeline pressurization, and dried mud 30 is mixed coal multifuel combustion or outward transport.
2, by chemicals dosing plant 8, in pipeline, add medicament 32 in the oily(waste)water successively: flocculation agent, coagulating agent, sterilant, scale remover, iron removing reagent, thorough mixing reaction in line mixer 9.Added amount of chemical is as shown in the table:
Owing to can multiply halophilic bacterium in the high saline sewage, add the breeding growth that sterilant can effectively resist this bacterioid, reduce microorganism active, in order to prevent that bacterium from developing immunity to drugs to medicament, available available chlorine or season are pacified salt, exchanged once in per 25~35 days, and guaranteed water outlet suspended solids content qualified discharge.
3, dosing reaction back sewage enters tilted plate separator B, effectively removes oil slick and sediment in the water, and oil slick rises to separator surface, and gravity flow enters the sump oil case, and settled mud is regularly taken away;
4, the sewage after tilted plate separator B handles, gravity flow enters coarse strainer C, this coarse strainer is the tiny suspended particle in the filtered water effectively, remove the impurity particle in anhydrating, prevent with the particle to be core and can not breaking milk and removing oil, simultaneously the oil-in-water in the water is carried out breakdown of emulsion, be delivered to then in the gravity coalescing separator D;
5, at the gravity coalescing separator, sewage is through the conduit of long flow path, becomes big oil droplet with fine oil droplet in the water is coalescent, and makes it rapid come-up, comes together in the gathering room of coalescing separator, and the sump oil of collecting in the gathering room regularly is discharged into the sump oil case, recycles; Sewage then enters in the adsorption filter;
6, in the adsorption filter, activated carbon cartridge capacious is housed, adsorptivity is strong, and sump oil regularly is discharged into sump oil case 26, recycles, and sewage enters buffer tank 20;
7, partial buffer water promotes through one-level backwash water pump 19, carries out the back flushing of coarse reactor, recovers the processing power of reactor; All the other sewage enter multistage accurate filter F through two-stage hoisting water pump 23.Strainer adopts the titanium alloy sintered filter core.
8, water outlet enters clear water tanks 22, and part is carried out multistage accurate filter back flushing by secondary recoil water pump 23; All the other enter re-injection water station 24.
9, the sewage after above-mentioned 7,8 I and II back flushing is delivered to oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool A by pipeline and is handled, realizes zero release.
Whole technology is moved under the condition of oxygen barrier.
The utility model has adopted a kind of omnidistance oxygen barrier treatment process, has thoroughly solved air-dissolving air-float to hardware and Corrosion of Pipeline problem, reach the highest A1 level re-injection water water quality requirement of oil field reinjection water requirement fully, and treatment effect is reliable and stable; Water quality suitability broad, for high salt (2000~80000mg/L), high turbid (100~2000mg/L), the extracted waste water of low temperature (6~40 ℃) and various oleaginousness, the ideal treatment effect is all arranged.The fully automatic operation that treating processes can realize, simple to operate, the treatment facility power part is few, and failure rate is low, and maintenance cost is few.
Description of drawings
The organigram of the oil field extracted waste water treatment unit of Fig. 1, the utility model
The oil field extracted waste water processing technological flow of Fig. 2, the utility model
Among the figure: A, oil removal equalizing tank; B, tilted plate separator; C, coarse strainer; D, gravity coalescing separator; E, adsorption filter; F, multistage accurate filter; 1, water-in; 2, oil trap; 3, oil discharge outlet; 4, cover ball; 5, sewage draining exit; 6, lift pump; 7, water outlet; 8, chemicals dosing plant; 9, line mixer; 10, swash plate group; 11, overflow groove; 12, coarse filler; 13, filter core is pressed; Dish; 14, housing; 15, flow process conduit; 16, coalescent filter core; 17, filter core support plate; 18, activated carbon; 19, one-level backwash water pump; 20, buffer tank; 21, sintered filter core; 22, clear water tanks; 23, secondary backwash water pump; 24, re-injection water station; 25, I and II backwash water shoot; 26, sump oil case; 27, sludge thickener; 28, supernatant liquor (sludge sump); 29, mud cake; 30, mud 31, waste oil; 32, medicament; 33, grug feeding jar; 34, buffered water; 35, backwash draining; 36, water purification.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment of accompanying drawing narration, the utility model is described further.
Fig. 1 shows the structure of the oil field extracted waste water treatment unit of the utility model embodiment
Mainly form by oil removal equalizing tank A, tilted plate separator B, coarse strainer C, gravity coalescing separator D, adsorption filter E, multistage accurate filter F, re-injection water station 24.Each part mentioned above front and back successively is communicated with, and total system is moved under the condition of oxygen barrier.
The sewage of present embodiment enters chemicals dosing plant 8 by lift pump 6 to water outlet 7 after equalizing tank is regulated, the swash plate of flowing through after line mixer 9 fully reacts carries out greasy dirt for 10 groups to be separated, the sump oil come-up, and water to overflow groove 11 flows out.
The coarse strainer C of present embodiment, its inner filling oleophobic property coarse filler 12, top water inlet, bottom water outlet.Oily(waste)water acts on through " wetting coalescent " and " collision coalescence " when this packing layer, and the small particle size oil droplet is condensed into big oil droplet, floats rapidly to the water surface to be removed, and has improved oil removal efficiency.
The gravity coalescing separator D of present embodiment is made of gravity separator and coalescing separator two portions, and the flow process conduit is all arranged separately.Gravity separator adopts down, the mode of following water outlet, sewage is through the flow process conduit, owing to flow process conduit 15 length fully contact tiny elaioleucite and the come-up of growing up, oil above 80% is assembled discharge in this one-level, have only very a spot of tiny elaioleucite to enter coalescing separator, prolonged the work-ing life of coalescent filter core greatly.Coalescing separator is made of filter core support plate 17, coalescent filter core 16, filter core platen 13, arranges successively from top to bottom, and the filter core support plate is supporting coalescent filter core, and the filter core platen works to compress filter core.
Level accurate filter F is made up of housing 14 and precision Filter element 21 more than the present embodiment, realizes purifying purpose.Adopt titanium alloy sintered filter core 21, have characteristics such as precision height, life-span are long, reliable, acid and alkali-resistance, easy cleaning.
Present embodiment is provided with sump oil case 26 and buffer tank 20, collects the waste oil 31 of being discharged by oil discharge outlet 3, and storage purifies back water outlet 36, has avoided the Construction Party to join the affair related device again, reduces investment.
Fig. 2 shows the treatment process of the oil field extracted waste water of the utility model embodiment
Crude oil extraction liquid flows into oil removal equalizing tank A by pipeline by water-in 1; After removing oil deposits,, in pipeline, add medicament 32 in the oily(waste)water successively by the grug feeding jar 33 of chemicals dosing plant 8; Flocculation agent, coagulating agent, sterilant, scale remover, iron removing reagent, thorough mixing in line mixer 9; Its dosage is:
Coagulating agent (PAC), 10mg/L; Flocculation agent (PAM), 2-3mg/L; Sterilant (available chlorine), 2-3mg/L; Scale inhibitors (Compositional type), 10mg/L: iron removing reagent (Compositional type), 2-3mg/L.
Enter tilted plate separator B then, effectively remove oil slick and free oil in the water, oil slick rises to separator surface and drains into sump oil case 26 by oil discharge outlet 3, and settled mud 30 drains into sludge thickener 27 through sewage draining exit 5.Sewage after tilted plate separator is handled, gravity flow enters coarse strainer D, handles.The coarse strainer, the effective tiny suspended particle in the filtered water removes the impurity particle in anhydrating, and prevents with the particle to be core and can not breaking milk and removing oil, simultaneously the oil-in-water in the water is carried out breakdown of emulsion, is delivered to then in the gravity coalescing separator D.The coalescent filter core 16 of gravity coalescing separator becomes big oil droplet with fine oil droplet in the water is coalescent, and makes it rapid come-up, come together in the gathering room 2 of coalescing separator, the sump oil of collecting in the gathering room 31 regularly is discharged into sump oil case 26, recycles, and sewage then enters in the adsorption filter E.Activated carbon cartridge 18 capacious is housed in the adsorption filter, and adsorptivity is strong, and sump oil 31 regularly is discharged into sump oil case 26, recycles, and sewage enters buffer tank 20.Partial buffer water 34 carries out back flushing through 19 pairs of coarse fillers of one-level backwash water pump 12, can prolong work-ing life, the cost saving of film.All the other enter multistage accurate filter F through two-stage hoisting water pump 6, this strainer adopts titanium alloy sintered filter core 21, not only precision height, life-span are long, reliable, also have acid and alkali-resistance, easy cleaning, water outlet enters clear water tanks 22, partially purifying water 36 carries out multistage accurate filter F back flushing by secondary backwash water pump 23, and all the other enter re-injection water station 24.
The whole system of present embodiment carries out under enclosed oxygen isolation, rot-resistant condition, and oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool A treatment zone dynamic water level zone is provided with to float and covers ball 4, can guarantee to reduce in the water treatment procedure erosion of oxygen in the ingress of air as far as possible, replaces expensive oxygen barrier layer.
The backwash draining 35 of present embodiment is delivered to the oil removal equalizing tank by backwash water shoot 25, further handles.
Mud 30 press filtrations of present embodiment are sent to burning or landfill after becoming mud cake 29, and 28 of supernatant are returned the oil removal sedimentary adjustive pools and further handled.
Following table is every technical indicator that present embodiment reaches:

Claims (3)

1. the treatment unit of the high salt oil field extracted waste water of hyposmosis, it is characterized in that: be made up of oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool (A), tilted plate separator (B), coarse strainer (C), gravity coalescing separator (D), adsorption filter (E), multistage accurate filter (F), re-injection water station (24), each part mentioned above front and back successively is communicated with;
Said oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool (A) divides forward and backward two portions, and fore portion is used for the oil removal precipitation by the ladder structure that covers ball (4), oil trap (2), oil discharge outlet (3), sludge bucket formation;
Said tilted plate separator (B), in two groups of vertical parallel coalescing-plates of placing are arranged;
Said coarse strainer (C) is equipped with and fills out oleophobic property coarse filler;
Said gravity coalescing separator (D) is made up of gravity separator, two parts of coalescing separator, is provided with the flow process conduit separately; Gravity separator adopts down, the mode of following water outlet; Coalescing separator is made of filter core support plate (17), coalescent filter core (16), filter core platen (13), arranges successively from top to bottom, and filter core support plate (17) is supporting coalescent filter core (16), and filter core platen (1) is compressing filter core (13);
Said adsorption filter (E), in activated carbon cartridge is housed;
Said multistage accurate filter (F) is made up of housing (14) and sintered filter core (21).
2. according to the treatment unit of the described extracted waste water of claim 1, it is characterized in that: said covering ball (4) is positioned at the top in the whole zone of oil removal sedimentary adjustive pool.
3. according to the treatment unit of the described extracted waste water of claim 1, it is characterized in that: sintered filter core (21) is the titanium alloy sintered filter core.
CN2011200032220U 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Treatment device for mining wastewater of hyposmosis and high-salt oil field Expired - Fee Related CN201932972U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200032220U CN201932972U (en) 2011-01-04 2011-01-04 Treatment device for mining wastewater of hyposmosis and high-salt oil field

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103387275A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-13 李朝林 Pipeline-type coalescence-separation synchronization oil-water separator
CN105060544A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 中国海洋石油总公司 Method for filtering sewage to remove iron on basis of manganese sand filter materials
CN105540890A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-04 宜宾丝丽雅股份有限公司 Separation tank for oil-containing waste water
CN108623041A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-09 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of mobile water producing system for well-drilling waste water

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103387275A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-13 李朝林 Pipeline-type coalescence-separation synchronization oil-water separator
CN105060544A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 中国海洋石油总公司 Method for filtering sewage to remove iron on basis of manganese sand filter materials
CN105540890A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-04 宜宾丝丽雅股份有限公司 Separation tank for oil-containing waste water
CN105540890B (en) * 2015-12-10 2018-06-26 宜宾丝丽雅股份有限公司 Oily waste water separate tank
CN108623041A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-09 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of mobile water producing system for well-drilling waste water
CN108623041B (en) * 2018-05-18 2021-10-29 沈阳建筑大学 Movable water treatment system for drilling wastewater

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Treatment device and method of low-permeability high-salt oil field extracted wastewater

Effective date of registration: 20150706

Granted publication date: 20110817

Pledgee: Xi'an innovation financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Xi'an HHJ Water Treatment Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2015990000534

PLDC Enforcement, change and cancellation of contracts on pledge of patent right or utility model
PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Date of cancellation: 20160224

Granted publication date: 20110817

Pledgee: Xi'an innovation financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Xi'an HHJ Water Treatment Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2015990000534

PLDC Enforcement, change and cancellation of contracts on pledge of patent right or utility model
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Treatment device and method of low-permeability high-salt oil field extracted wastewater

Effective date of registration: 20160421

Granted publication date: 20110817

Pledgee: Xi'an innovation financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Xi'an HHJ Water Treatment Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2016990000312

PLDC Enforcement, change and cancellation of contracts on pledge of patent right or utility model
PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Date of cancellation: 20170705

Granted publication date: 20110817

Pledgee: Xi'an innovation financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Xi'an HHJ Water Treatment Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2016990000312

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee