CN201883515U - Water-saving anti-splashing closestool - Google Patents

Water-saving anti-splashing closestool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201883515U
CN201883515U CN2010205051863U CN201020505186U CN201883515U CN 201883515 U CN201883515 U CN 201883515U CN 2010205051863 U CN2010205051863 U CN 2010205051863U CN 201020505186 U CN201020505186 U CN 201020505186U CN 201883515 U CN201883515 U CN 201883515U
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe
blow
sewer
water
outlet
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2010205051863U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金延东
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金延东
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Priority to CN2010205051863U priority Critical patent/CN201883515U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a water-saving anti-splashing closestool which comprises a basin body, a sewage outlet and a water seal, and is characterized in that a cover board is arranged near the water level of the water seal on the sewage outlet, and is provided with at least one closed protruded edge. The water-saving anti-splashing closestool also comprises a sewage drain pipe which can pass through the sewage outlet to move up and down, and the closestool can be closed and drain sewage through the up-and-down movement of the sewage drain pipe. In the utility model, the straight sewage drainage mode can be adopted, so that the closestool is more water-saving, and the sewage can be thoroughly drained.

Description

Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan
Technical field
The utility model water saving splash-proof pedestal pan relates to civilian field of sanitary ware, is a kind of water closet specifically, is applicable to places such as family, hospital, market, hotel, communal bathroom.
Background technology
Existing water closet is owing to adopt siphon principle, and its blow-off pipe is a S shape, will will be full of water in the S pipe in blowdown, utilizes siphonage that dirt is discharged.Therefore required displacement is bigger.
In order to reach the purpose of water saving, existing patented technology also has cancellation S shape blow-off pipe, increases baffle plate below sewage draining exit, with the method that dirt directly discharges, carries out emissions and sewage draining exit sealing by the folding mode of baffle plate.Baffle forms is mainly two kinds, a kind ofly carry out mechanical sealing for the plane baffle forms, patent 98238193.X for example, adopt certain pressure just can reach good sealing, so this mode sealing difficulty is bigger, as time passes, reason such as seal is aging, sealing effectiveness can descend; Another kind is the baffle plate of bowl envelope formula, patent 200610037110.0 and 00201370.3 for example, this mode sealing effectiveness is better than a kind of mode, but dirt is not directly discharging downwards in blowdown, but the form blowdown of toppling over, if dirt in the obturating cup thoroughly will be discharged, angle of rotation is very big, the realization difficulty is big, also is easy to generate the phenomenon that blowdown does not thoroughly reach the dirt bounce-back.So these two kinds in line mode technology seldom applications in real life.
Summary of the invention
It is not enough that the purpose of this utility model is to overcome appeal, and a kind of water closet of direct-discharging water saving splash-proof is provided.
To achieve these goals, water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present utility model is reached by the following technical programs: a kind of water saving splash-proof pedestal pan, comprise basin body and outlet of sewer, outlet of sewer is provided with water seal, it is characterized in that, be provided with cover plate near the liquid level of water seal above the outlet of sewer, cover plate has the flange of at least one sealing.Also be provided with and can pass the up and down blow-off pipe of outlet of sewer, blow-off pipe is tightly connected by flexible plastic and outlet of sewer.The material of blow-off pipe is plastics, also can be metal or pottery.Described cover plate and basin body are one-body molded, also can be the isolated systems that separates with basin body.Material when cover plate separates with basin body is pottery.Cover plate is provided with fin.
The utility model water closet is provided with a lever, and an end and the gutter of lever are slidingly connected, and the other end is provided with counterweight, and the center of gravity of counterweight is positioned at the top of lever, also can be positioned at the below of lever.
The utility model water closet also is provided with foot switch, and foot switch is slidingly connected by lever and blow-off pipe.
Compared to prior art, water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present utility model adopts the cover plate that has closure flange to be enclosed within the blow-off pipe top, and similar floor drain form seals by water, can seal deodorization to water closet effectively.Blow-off pipe can be up and down, and blow-off pipe moves downward and carries out blowdown when opening, because cover plate blocks effect, can prevent effectively that sewage splashes when blowdown everywhere, safer health; Blow-off pipe moves upward under leverage and resets when closure state, can seal water closet by water and the cover plate that is enclosed within on the blow-off pipe, prevents that foul smell from leaking.In addition, because the utility model water closet does not have the deep water hole and the pan closet lid of similar traditional water closet outlet of sewer to be provided with fin, the excessive sewage that causes of water concussion in the time of can preventing defecation in the water closet splashes, and both health had also guaranteed the healthy and safe of human body.
Adopt the utility model water saving splash-proof pedestal pan, owing to removed S shape trap, the in line mode of appropriate adoption is carried out blowdown, can save the water supply volume and the time of blowdown greatly, ight soil class dirt can directly be got rid of under action of gravity, should not stop up, and only needs to get final product with a spot of water flushing closestool basin body and cover plate, each water supply volume is saved more than 70% than traditional water closet, and noise is little and saved water.Flush valve directly can be linked to each other with water supply pipe in addition, save water tank, both reduce cost and also saved the space.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the utility model schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model first embodiment generalized section.
Fig. 3 is the utility model first embodiment blowdown state generalized section.
Fig. 4 is the first example structure schematic diagram of the utility model flexible plastic.
Fig. 5 is the assembling schematic diagram of the utility model first embodiment flexible plastic and outlet of sewer and blow-off pipe.
Fig. 6 is that first kind of lever of the utility model implemented principle schematic.
Fig. 7 is the utility model second embodiment generalized section.
Fig. 8 is the utility model the 3rd embodiment generalized section.
Fig. 9 is that second kind of lever of the utility model implemented principle schematic.
Figure 10 is the utility model the 4th embodiment generalized section.
Figure 11 is the second example structure schematic diagram of the utility model flexible plastic.
Figure 12 is the assembling schematic diagram of the utility model second embodiment flexible plastic and outlet of sewer and blow-off pipe.
Figure 13 is the utility model lever locating piece position view.
Figure 14 is the utility model lever and chute shape schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is the utility model covering plate structure schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1, basin body; 2, outlet of sewer; 3, cover plate; 4, flange; 5, flexible plastic; 6, water seal; 7, lever; 8, connecting rod; 9, counterweight; 10, delay flushing valve; 11, fin; 12, blow-off pipe; 13, sewer; 14, chute; 15, balance pivot; 16, securing member; 17, pull bar; 18, foot-operated fulcrum; 19, foot switch; 20, go up locating piece; 21, following locating piece.
The specific embodiment
Further specify the technical solution of the utility model below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is the utility model schematic diagram, comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, gutter 12, fin 11 and cover plate 3.Fin 11 some or all of being positioned under water seal 6 liquid levels, purpose are the sprays when reducing the ight soil entry, prevent that sewage from splashing.
Embodiment 1
See also Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, be the utility model first embodiment schematic diagram.The water closet of the utility model embodiment comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, cover plate 3, flexible plastic 5, water seal 6, lever 7, blow-off pipe 12, balance pivot 15, cover plate 3 has the flange 4 of a sealing, and blow-off pipe 12 is tightly connected by flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2.Blow-off pipe 12 can adopt aluminum alloy material to make, and outer tube wall is provided with connecting rod 8.One end of lever 7 is provided with counterweight 9 other ends and is provided with chute 14 and is slidingly connected with connecting rod 8 on blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls, and the center of gravity of counterweight 9 is positioned at the top of lever 7.Blow-off pipe 12 connects outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13 and moves up and down in outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13, and outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13 can play the guiding role to the motion of blow-off pipe 12.
Fig. 2 is blow-off pipe 12 closed states.Blow-off pipe 12 passes the obturating cup that outlet of sewer 2 is positioned at cover plate 3 and flange 4 formation under the effect of lever 7 and counterweight 9, blow-off pipe 12 upper surfaces are higher than the lower surface of flange 4, thereby water seal 6 liquid levels exceed flange 4 to be sealed blow-off pipe 12, be similar to the floor drain principle, prevent that the odor dispersion in the blow-off pipe 12 from coming out.
Fig. 3 is blow-off pipe 12 openings.When dashing just when discharging water, blow-off pipe 12 and flexible plastic 5 make the balance of lever 7 be broken owing to the impulse force that is subjected to water, and blow-off pipe 12 moves downward and drives chute 14 by connecting rod 8 and rotates counterclockwise around balance pivot 15.In the process that blow-off pipe 12 moves downward, the direction of dirt and sewage arrow in the figure is discharged downwards from blow-off pipe 12 and is entered sewer 13.Along with dirt and sewage are discharged from blow-off pipe 12, blow-off pipe 12 weight savings, lever 7 clockwise rotates under the effect of counterweight 9, and blow-off pipe 12 moves upward and enters in the obturating cup of cover plate 3 and flange 4 formation, returns to closed state again.
The structure of the flexible plastic 5 in the present embodiment is similar to funnel shaped as shown in Figure 4.
Fig. 5 is the assembling schematic diagram of flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2 and blow-off pipe 12.Flexible plastic 5 suitable for reading is enclosed within outlet of sewer 2 outsides and outlet of sewer 2 is tightly connected.Flexible plastic 5 can tightly be fixed on the outer tube wall of outlet of sewer 2 by materials such as rope, adhesive tape or glue, and is fastening in order to connect, and at least one circle seal groove or convex tendon can be set on the outer tube wall of outlet of sewer 2.Flexible plastic 5 end openings pass and turn up from blow-off pipe 12 centres and encase blow-off pipe 12, make it fixedly connected by securing member 16.12 of flexible plastic 5 and blow-off pipes can be bonding by glue, and blow-off pipe 12 also can be connected and fixed by ultrasonic wave or high-frequency welding when being plastics.Securing member 16 can be rope, adhesive tape or threaded sleeve etc., and 16 1 effects of securing member are to be fastenedly connected flexible plastic 5 and blow-off pipe 12, and another effect is to protect flexible plastic 5 and blow-off pipe 12 not to be frayed when blow-off pipe 12 slides in sewer 13.
7 structural principles of lever described in the present embodiment as shown in Figure 6.The A end of lever 7 is the force side of connecting rod 8 on the blow-off pipe 12, and the B end is the force side of counterweight 9.Be provided with a bar at the B end perpendicular to lever 7, be sequentially with position, counterweight hole as shown in Figure 6 on bar, counterweight 9 can be arranged on the position, arbitrary counterweight hole.Suppose that F is the total force of A end blow-off pipe 12, G is the weight of B end counterweight 9, and the weight of lever 7 is ignored, and then has when equilibrium state: F * L=G * M.Lever 7 is rotated counterclockwise when blow-off pipe 12 carries out blowdown, as shown in phantom in FIG., because dirt and sewage constantly are discharged from, F diminishes, when counterweight 9 is positioned at position, B counterweight hole, this moment F * N=F * L * COSa, G * H=G * M * COSa, because F diminishes, F * L * COSa<G * M * COSa then, a is the corner of lever 7 in the formula, COSa is the cosine value of a, be F * N<G * H, blow-off pipe 12 just returns to closed state in the time of just might existing dirt and sewage also not to have emptying; And when counterweight 9 is positioned at position, C counterweight hole, corner a increase along with lever 7, the difference of the arm of force H that arm of force K that C is ordered and B are ordered is increasing, just the C arm of force K of the ordering arm of force H of ordering than B reduces soon, counterweight 9 end C point variable force squares have been realized, when blowdown, the moment of blow-off pipe 12 ends constantly diminishes owing to diminishing of F, and the moment of counterweight 9 ends also diminishes and constantly diminishes with respect to H owing to the arm of force K of counterweight 9, by regulating the position that C orders and the weight of counterweight 9, the momentary status balance that can realize blow-off pipe 12 emptying dirts and sewage is F * N=G * H, when sewage and dirt during fully by emptying, blow-off pipe 12 recovers closed state, reaches can to make blow-off pipe 12 quickly recover to closed state again by the emptying sewage dirt.
Cover plate 3 can be the individual components that separates with water closet, as shown in figure 15.Cover plate 3 has flange 4 and has been wholely set fin 11, is provided with the groove that matches with fin 11 above water closet outlet of sewer 2, and the installation of being convenient to cover plate 3 cooperates, and can certainly adopt other fit systems.Cover plate 3 is to dismantle as the advantage of the individual components that separates with water closet, runs into when interior fittings such as blow-off pipe 12 is damaged or stopped up conveniently to observe maintenance.
Embodiment 2
See also shown in Figure 7ly, be the utility model second embodiment schematic diagram.The water closet of the utility model embodiment comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, cover plate 3, flexible plastic 5, water seal 6, lever 7, blow-off pipe 12, balance pivot 15, cover plate 3 has the flange 4 of a sealing, and blow-off pipe 12 is tightly connected by flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2.Blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls are provided with connecting rod 8, and an end of lever 7 is provided with counterweight 9 other ends and is provided with chute 14 and is slidingly connected with connecting rod 8 on blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls, and the top that the center of gravity of counterweight 9 is positioned at lever 7 also can be positioned at the below of lever 7.Blow-off pipe 12 connects outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13 and moves up and down in outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13, and outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13 can play the guiding role to the motion of blow-off pipe 12.
Embodiment 2 difference from Example 1 are that cover plate 3, outlet of sewer 2 and blow-off pipe 12 are positioned at the water closet back, can't see outlet of sewer 2 and cover plate 3 from the water closet top.The advantage of embodiment 2 is that cover plate 3 is hidden in the water closet back, need not wash cover plate 3 during blowdown, and the water closet flushing is more quick and easy, clean.The blowdown state is with reference to shown in Figure 3.
Embodiment 3
See also shown in Figure 8ly, be the utility model the 3rd embodiment schematic diagram.The water closet of the utility model embodiment comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, cover plate 3, flexible plastic 5, water seal 6, lever 7, blow-off pipe 12, balance pivot 15 and foot switch 19, cover plate 3 has the flange 4 of a sealing, and blow-off pipe 12 is tightly connected by flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13.Because foot switch 19 is movable parts, prevent that the bad sewer 13 interior foul smell that cause of foot switch 19 sealings from leaking, and therefore carries out encapsulation process with sewer 13.Blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls are provided with connecting rod 8, and an end of lever 7 is provided with counterweight 9 other ends and is provided with chute 14 and is slidingly connected with connecting rod 8 on blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls, and the center of gravity of counterweight 9 is positioned at the below of lever 7.Blow-off pipe 12 connects outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13 and moves up and down in outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13, and outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13 can play the guiding role to the motion of blow-off pipe 12.
Embodiment 3 is with the difference of the lever 7 of embodiment 1, lever 7 is not straight-bar but as shown in the figure knee, and its structural principle can be equivalent to counterweight 9 centers of gravity and be positioned at lever 7 belows as shown in Figure 9, the top position that is positioned at lever 7 with counterweight 9 shown in Figure 6 is just in time opposite, acts on also opposite.Describe with reference to lever principle among the embodiment 1, suppose that counterweight 9 centers of gravity are positioned at lever 7 below C points, when stepping on foot switch 19, foot switch 19 rotates and drives lever 7 around foot-operated fulcrum 18 and rotates counterclockwise, and the arm of force K of counterweight 9 focus point C constantly increases, because the weight of counterweight 9 is constant, it is big that the moment of counterweight 9 constantly becomes, and because dirt and sewage constantly are discharged from, F diminishes, and the moment of blow-off pipe 12 ends constantly diminishes.The advantage of this structure lever 7 is can be after the active force of foot switch 19 disappears, because the moment of counterweight 9 ends is greater than the moment of blow-off pipe 12 ends, blow-off pipe 12 is the quick-recovery closed state soon.Can realize that blow-off pipe 12 recovers the speed of closed states by the position that adjustment C is ordered in the implementation process.The blowdown state is with reference to shown in Figure 3.
Be provided with delay flushing valve 10 below the foot switch 19, delay flushing valve 10 is connected with the tap water water inlet pipe.Touch delay flushing valve 10 after stepping on foot switch 19, delay flushing valve 10 is opened, and tap water enters and carries out water seal after 1 pair of water closet of basin body washes.Because an end of foot switch 19 is positioned at following freely the contact with it of lever 7 counterweights (9) end, lever 7 can rotate in a counter-clockwise direction, when utilizing daily life sewage that water closet is carried out flushing pollution discharge, blow-off pipe 12 can move downward drive lever 7 and be rotated counterclockwise, do not influence blow-off pipe 12 and move downward blowdown, principle is with reference to embodiment 1.Therefore, jam on foot switch 19 and in basin body 1 bath can carry out blowdown respectively.
Embodiment 4
See also shown in Figure 10ly,, be with above embodiment difference as the 4th embodiment of the present utility model, lever 7 one ends are provided with pull bar 17, pulling pull bar 17, and lever 7 clockwise rotates, blow-off pipe 12 moves downward and carries out blowdown, and the flush valve of pull bar 17 drive water tanks is washed by water simultaneously; Releasing lever 17, lever 7 rotates counterclockwise under pull bar 17 actions of gravity, and blow-off pipe 12 recovers closed state.The blowdown state is with reference to shown in Figure 3.
Flexible plastic 5 among embodiment 3 and the embodiment 4 as shown in figure 11, the assembling of flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2 and blow-off pipe 12 is as shown in figure 12.Be that with the first example structure schematic diagram difference of Fig. 4, flexible plastic 5 shown in Figure 5 flexible plastic 5 lower ends also are set to funnel shaped and are enclosed within sewer 13 outer tube walls be connected and sealed, and prevent that the foul smell in the sewer 13 from leaking.
More than lever 7 among all embodiment also be provided with locating piece 20, locating piece 21 down, as shown in figure 13.The rotational angle that last locating piece 20 and following locating piece 21 can limit lever 7 makes it in suitable scope, prevent move upward when carrying out closed state bump cover plate 3 or move downward bump sewer 13 when carrying out the opening blowdown of blow-off pipe 12, to guarantee the reliability of work.
The shape of chute 14 can straight trough shape as shown in figure 13 also can be curve shape shown in Figure 14.
Water closet can also design a maintenance and installation mouth, is convenient to the installation and maintenance of inner components.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will be appreciated that, above embodiment is used for illustrating the utility model, and be not to be used as qualification of the present utility model, as long as in connotation scope of the present utility model, all will drop in claims scope of the present utility model variation, the modification of the above embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan, comprise basin body (1) and outlet of sewer (2), outlet of sewer (2) is provided with water seal (6), it is characterized in that, be provided with cover plate (3) near the liquid level of the top water seal (6) of outlet of sewer (2), cover plate (3) has the flange (4) of at least one sealing.
2. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described cover plate (3) is one-body molded with basin body (1).
3. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described cover plate (3) is the isolated system that separates with basin body (1).
4. according to the described water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, also be provided with blow-off pipe (12), it is up and down that described blow-off pipe (12) can pass outlet of sewer (2), and described blow-off pipe (12) is tightly connected by flexible plastic (5) and outlet of sewer (2).
5. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the material of described cover plate (3) is a pottery.
6. according to claim 2 or 3 described water saving splash-proof pedestal pans, it is characterized in that described cover plate (3) is provided with fin (11).
7. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the material of blow-off pipe (12) is plastics, metal or pottery.
8. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 4 is characterized in that, also is provided with a lever (7), and an end of lever (7) and blow-off pipe (12) are slidingly connected, and the other end is provided with counterweight (9).
9. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 8 is characterized in that, the center of gravity of counterweight (9) is positioned at the top of lever (7).
10. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 8 is characterized in that, also is provided with foot switch (19).
CN2010205051863U 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water-saving anti-splashing closestool Expired - Lifetime CN201883515U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205051863U CN201883515U (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water-saving anti-splashing closestool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205051863U CN201883515U (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water-saving anti-splashing closestool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201883515U true CN201883515U (en) 2011-06-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010205051863U Expired - Lifetime CN201883515U (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water-saving anti-splashing closestool

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892697A (en) * 2010-08-26 2010-11-24 金延东 Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892697A (en) * 2010-08-26 2010-11-24 金延东 Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan
CN101892697B (en) * 2010-08-26 2012-04-11 金延东 Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110629

Effective date of abandoning: 20120411