CN101892697B - Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan - Google Patents

Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101892697B
CN101892697B CN2010102630572A CN201010263057A CN101892697B CN 101892697 B CN101892697 B CN 101892697B CN 2010102630572 A CN2010102630572 A CN 2010102630572A CN 201010263057 A CN201010263057 A CN 201010263057A CN 101892697 B CN101892697 B CN 101892697B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blow
pipe
sewer
cover plate
lever
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010102630572A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101892697A (en
Inventor
金延东
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Haimen Fengcheng tourist attractions development Co., Ltd.
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金延东
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Priority to CN2010102630572A priority Critical patent/CN101892697B/en
Publication of CN101892697A publication Critical patent/CN101892697A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101892697B publication Critical patent/CN101892697B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a water saving splash-proof pedestal pan, which comprises a basin body, a sewage outlet and a water seal, and is characterized in that a cover plate is arranged nearby the liquid level of the water seal above the sewage outlet; the cover plate is provided with at least one sealed flange and also is provided with a discharge pipe capable of penetrating the discharge outlet and moving upwards and downwards; and the sealing and pollution discharge of the pedestal pan can be realized through the up-and-down motion of the discharge pipe. As a reliable direct pollution discharge mode is utilized, the pedestal pan can save more water and discharge pollution more thoroughly.

Description

Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan
Technical field
Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention relates to civilian field of sanitary ware, is a kind of water closet specifically, is applicable to places such as family, hospital, market, hotel, communal bathroom.
Background technology
Existing water closet is owing to adopt siphon principle, and its blow-off pipe is a S shape, in blowdown, will utilize siphonage that dirt is discharged with being full of water in the S pipe.Therefore required displacement is bigger.
In order to reach the purpose of water saving, existing patented technology also has cancellation S shape blow-off pipe, and being employed in increases baffle plate below the sewage draining exit, and the method that dirt is directly discharged is carried out emissions and sewage draining exit seals through the folding mode of baffle plate.Baffle forms is mainly two kinds; A kind ofly carry out mechanical sealing for the plane baffle forms; For example patent 98238193.X will adopt certain pressure just can reach good sealing, so this mode sealing difficulty is bigger; As time passes, reason such as seal is aging, sealing effectiveness can descend; Another kind is the baffle plate of bowl envelope formula, patent 200610037110.0 and 00201370.3 for example, and this mode sealing effectiveness is better than a kind of mode; But dirt is not directly discharging downwards in blowdown; But the form blowdown of toppling over, if will dirt in the obturating cup thoroughly be discharged, angle of rotation is very big; The realization difficulty is big, also is easy to generate the phenomenon that blowdown does not thoroughly reach the dirt bounce-back.So these two kinds in line mode technology seldom applications in real life.
Summary of the invention
It is not enough to the objective of the invention is to overcome appeal, and a kind of water closet of direct-discharging water saving splash-proof is provided.
To achieve these goals; Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention is reached through following technical scheme: a kind of water saving splash-proof pedestal pan; Comprise basin body and outlet of sewer, outlet of sewer is provided with water seal, it is characterized in that; Near the liquid level of water seal above the outlet of sewer, be provided with cover plate, cover plate has the flange of at least one sealing.Also be provided with and can pass the up and down blow-off pipe of outlet of sewer, blow-off pipe is tightly connected through flexible plastic and outlet of sewer.The material of blow-off pipe is plastics, also can be metal or pottery.Described cover plate and basin body are one-body molded, also can be the isolated systems that separates with basin body.Material when cover plate separates with basin body is pottery.Cover plate is provided with fin.
Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention is provided with a lever, and an end of lever is slidingly connected through connecting rod and gutter, and the other end is provided with counterweight, and the center of gravity of counterweight is positioned at the top of lever, also can be positioned at the below of lever.
Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention also is provided with foot switch, and foot switch is slidingly connected through lever and blow-off pipe.
Compared to prior art, water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention adopts the cover plate that has closure flange to be enclosed within the blow-off pipe top, and similar floor drain form seals through water, can seal deodorization to water closet effectively.Blow-off pipe can be up and down, and blow-off pipe moves downward and carries out blowdown when opening, because cover plate blocks effect, can prevent effectively that sewage splashes when blowdown everywhere, safer health; Blow-off pipe moves upward under leverage and resets when closure state, can seal water closet through water and the cover plate that is enclosed within on the blow-off pipe, prevents that foul smell from leaking.In addition; Because water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention does not have the deep water hole and the pan closet lid of similar traditional water closet outlet of sewer to be provided with fin; The excessive sewage that causes of water concussion in the time of can preventing defecation in the water closet splashes, and both health had also guaranteed the healthy and safe of human body.
Adopt water saving splash-proof pedestal pan of the present invention, owing to removed S shape trap, the in line mode of appropriate adoption is carried out blowdown; Can save the water supply volume and the time of blowdown greatly; Ight soil class dirt can directly be got rid of under action of gravity, should not stop up, and only needs to get final product with a spot of water flushing closestool basin body and cover plate; Each water supply volume is saved more than 70% than traditional water closet, and noise is little and practiced thrift water.Can flush valve directly be linked to each other with water supply pipe in addition, save water tank, both reduce cost and also saved the space.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described further.
Fig. 1 is a sketch map of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the first embodiment of the invention generalized section.
Fig. 3 is a first embodiment of the invention blowdown state generalized section.
Fig. 4 is the first example structure sketch map of flexible plastic of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the assembling sketch map of first embodiment of the invention flexible plastic and outlet of sewer and blow-off pipe.
Fig. 6 implements principle schematic for first kind of lever of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the second embodiment of the invention generalized section.
Fig. 8 is the third embodiment of the invention generalized section.
Fig. 9 implements principle schematic for second kind of lever of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the fourth embodiment of the invention generalized section.
Figure 11 is the second example structure sketch map of flexible plastic of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the assembling sketch map of second embodiment of the invention flexible plastic and outlet of sewer and blow-off pipe.
Figure 13 is a lever locating piece position view of the present invention.
Figure 14 is lever of the present invention and chute shape sketch map.
Figure 15 is a covering plate structure sketch map of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, basin body; 2, outlet of sewer; 3, cover plate; 4, flange; 5, flexible plastic; 6, water seal; 7, lever; 8, connecting rod; 9, counterweight; 10, delay flushing valve; 11, fin; 12, blow-off pipe; 13, sewer; 14, chute; 15, balance pivot; 16, securing member; 17, pull bar; 18, foot-operated fulcrum; 19, foot switch; 20, go up locating piece; 21, following locating piece.
The specific embodiment
Further specify technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
Fig. 1 is a sketch map of the present invention, comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, gutter 12, fin 11 and cover plate 3.Fin 11 some or all of being positioned under water seal 6 liquid levels, purpose are the sprays when reducing the ight soil entry, prevent that sewage from splashing.
Embodiment 1
See also Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, be the first embodiment of the invention sketch map.The water closet of the embodiment of the invention comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, cover plate 3, flexible plastic 5, water seal 6, lever 7, blow-off pipe 12, balance pivot 15, and cover plate 3 has the flange 4 of a sealing, and blow-off pipe 12 is tightly connected through flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2.Blow-off pipe 12 can adopt aluminum alloy material to process, and also can adopt plastics or ceramic materials, and outer tube wall is provided with connecting rod 8.One end of lever 7 is provided with counterweight 9 other ends and is provided with chute 14 and is slidingly connected with connecting rod 8 on blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls, and the center of gravity of counterweight 9 is positioned at the top of lever 7.Blow-off pipe 12 connects outlet of sewer 2 and moves up and down with sewer 13 and in outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13, and outlet of sewer 2 can play the guiding role to the motion of blow-off pipe 12 with sewer 13.
Fig. 2 is blow-off pipe 12 closed states.Blow-off pipe 12 passes the obturating cup that outlet of sewer 2 is positioned at cover plate 3 and flange 4 formation under the effect of lever 7 and counterweight 9; Blow-off pipe 12 upper surfaces are higher than the lower surface of flange 4; Thereby water seal 6 liquid levels exceed flange 4 to be sealed blow-off pipe 12; Be similar to the floor drain principle, prevent that the odor dispersion in the blow-off pipe 12 from coming out.
Fig. 3 is blow-off pipe 12 openings.When dashing just when discharging water, blow-off pipe 12 and flexible plastic 5 make the balance of lever 7 broken owing to the impulse force that receives water, and blow-off pipe 12 moves downward and drives chute 14 through connecting rod 8 and rotates counterclockwise around balance pivot 15.In the process that blow-off pipe 12 moves downward, dirt and the sewage direction of arrow in the figure is discharged downwards from blow-off pipe 12 and is got into sewers 13.Along with dirt and sewage are discharged from blow-off pipe 12, blow-off pipe 12 weight savings, lever 7 clockwise rotates under the effect of counterweight 9, and blow-off pipe 12 moves upward and gets in the obturating cup of cover plate 3 and flange 4 formation, returns to closed state again.
The structure of the flexible plastic 5 in the present embodiment is as shown in Figure 4, is similar to funnel shaped.
Fig. 5 is the assembling sketch map of flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2 and blow-off pipe 12.Flexible plastic 5 suitable for reading is enclosed within outlet of sewer 2 outsides and outlet of sewer 2 is tightly connected.Flexible plastic 5 can tightly be fixed on the outer tube wall of outlet of sewer 2 through materials such as rope, adhesive tape or glue, and is fastening in order to connect, and at least one circle seal groove or convex tendon can be set on the outer tube wall of outlet of sewer 2.Flexible plastic 5 end openings pass and turn up from blow-off pipe 12 centres and encase blow-off pipe 12, make it to be fixedly connected through securing member 16.12 of flexible plastic 5 and blow-off pipes can pass through glue, also can connect fixing through ultrasonic wave or high-frequency welding when blow-off pipe 12 materials are plastics.Securing member 16 can be rope, adhesive tape or threaded sleeve etc., and 16 1 effects of securing member are to be fastenedly connected flexible plastic 5 and blow-off pipe 12, and another effect is that protection flexible plastic 5 is not frayed with blow-off pipe 12 when blow-off pipe 12 slides in sewer 13.
7 structural principles of lever described in the present embodiment are as shown in Figure 6.The A end of lever 7 is the force side of connecting rod 8 on the blow-off pipe 12, and the B end is the force side of counterweight 9.Be provided with a bar at the B end perpendicular to lever 7, the position, counterweight hole that on bar, is sequentially with as shown in Figure 6, counterweight 9 can be arranged on the position, arbitrary counterweight hole.Suppose that F is the total force of A end blow-off pipe 12, G is the weight of B end counterweight 9, and the weight of lever 7 is ignored, and then when equilibrium state, has: F * L=G * M.Lever 7 is rotated counterclockwise when blow-off pipe 12 carries out blowdown, and shown in dotted line among the figure, because dirt and sewage constantly are discharged from, F diminishes; When counterweight 9 is positioned at position, B counterweight hole, this moment F * N=F * L * COSa, G * H=G * M * COSa; Because F diminishes, F * L * COSa<G * M * COSa then, a is the corner of lever 7 in the formula; COSa is the cosine value of a, i.e. F * N<G * H, and blow-off pipe 12 just returns to closed state in the time of just might existing dirt and sewage also not to have emptying; And when counterweight 9 was positioned at position, C counterweight hole, along with the corner a increase of lever 7, the difference of the arm of force H that arm of force K that C is ordered and B are ordered was increasing; Just the C arm of force K of the ordering arm of force H of ordering than B reduces soon; Realized counterweight 9 end C point variable force squares, when blowdown, the moment of blow-off pipe 12 ends constantly diminishes owing to diminishing of F; And the moment of counterweight 9 ends also diminishes and constantly diminishes with respect to H owing to the arm of force K of counterweight 9; Through regulating the position that C orders and the weight of counterweight 9, can realize that the momentary status balance of blow-off pipe 12 emptying dirts and sewage is F * N=G * H, when sewage and dirt during fully by emptying; Blow-off pipe 12 recovers closed state, reaches can to make blow-off pipe 12 quickly recover to closed state again by the emptying sewage dirt.
Cover plate 3 can be the individual components that separates with water closet, and is shown in figure 15.Cover plate 3 has flange 4 and has been wholely set fin 11, above water closet outlet of sewer 2, is provided with the groove that matches with fin 11, and the installation of being convenient to cover plate 3 cooperates, and can certainly adopt other fit systems.The advantage of the individual components that cover plate 3 conducts separate with water closet is to dismantle, and runs into when interior fittings such as blow-off pipe 12 is damaged or stopped up conveniently to observe maintenance.
Embodiment 2
See also shown in Figure 7ly, be the second embodiment of the invention sketch map.The water closet of the embodiment of the invention comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, cover plate 3, flexible plastic 5, water seal 6, lever 7, blow-off pipe 12, balance pivot 15, and cover plate 3 has the flange 4 of a sealing, and blow-off pipe 12 is tightly connected through flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2.Blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls are provided with connecting rod 8, and an end of lever 7 is provided with counterweight 9 other ends and is provided with chute 14 and is slidingly connected with connecting rod 8 on blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls, and the top that the center of gravity of counterweight 9 is positioned at lever 7 also can be positioned at the below of lever 7.Blow-off pipe 12 connects outlet of sewer 2 and moves up and down with sewer 13 and in outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13, and outlet of sewer 2 can play the guiding role to the motion of blow-off pipe 12 with sewer 13.
Embodiment 2 is that with embodiment 1 difference cover plate 3, outlet of sewer 2 and blow-off pipe 12 are positioned at the water closet back, can't see outlet of sewer 2 and cover plate 3 from the water closet top.The advantage of embodiment 2 is that cover plate 3 is hidden in the water closet back, need not wash cover plate 3 during blowdown, and the water closet flushing is more quick and easy, clean.The blowdown state is with reference to shown in Figure 3.
Embodiment 3
See also shown in Figure 8ly, be the third embodiment of the invention sketch map.The water closet of the embodiment of the invention comprises basin body 1, outlet of sewer 2, cover plate 3, flexible plastic 5, water seal 6, lever 7, blow-off pipe 12, balance pivot 15 and foot switch 19; Cover plate 3 has the flange 4 of a sealing, and blow-off pipe 12 is tightly connected through flexible plastic 5 and outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13.Because foot switch 19 is movable parts, prevent that the bad sewer 13 interior foul smell that cause of foot switch 19 sealings from leaking, and therefore carries out encapsulation process with sewer 13.Blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls are provided with connecting rod 8, and an end of lever 7 is provided with counterweight 9 other ends and is provided with chute 14 and is slidingly connected with connecting rod 8 on blow-off pipe 12 outer tube walls, and the center of gravity of counterweight 9 is positioned at the below of lever 7.Blow-off pipe 12 connects outlet of sewer 2 and moves up and down with sewer 13 and in outlet of sewer 2 and sewer 13, and outlet of sewer 2 can play the guiding role to the motion of blow-off pipe 12 with sewer 13.
Embodiment 3 is with the difference of the lever 7 of embodiment 1; Lever 7 is not straight-bar but knee as shown in the figure, and its structural principle can be as shown in Figure 9, is equivalent to counterweight 9 centers of gravity and is positioned at lever 7 belows; The top position that is positioned at lever 7 with counterweight 9 shown in Figure 6 is just in time opposite, acts on also opposite.Describe with reference to lever principle among the embodiment 1, suppose that counterweight 9 centers of gravity are positioned at lever 7 below C points, when stepping on foot switch 19; Foot switch 19 rotates and drives lever 7 around foot-operated fulcrum 18 and rotates counterclockwise, and the arm of force K of counterweight 9 focus point C constantly increases, because the weight of counterweight 9 is constant; It is big that the moment of counterweight 9 constantly becomes; And because dirt and sewage constantly are discharged from, F diminishes, and the moment of blow-off pipe 12 ends constantly diminishes.The advantage of this structure lever 7 is can be after the active force of foot switch 19 disappears, because the moment of counterweight 9 ends is greater than the moment of blow-off pipe 12 ends, blow-off pipe 12 is the quick-recovery closed state soon.Can realize that blow-off pipe 12 recovers the speed of closed state through the position that adjustment C is ordered in the implementation process.The blowdown state is with reference to shown in Figure 3.
Be provided with delay flushing valve 10 below the foot switch 19, delay flushing valve 10 is connected with the tap water water inlet pipe.After stepping on foot switch 19, touch delay flushing valve 10, delay flushing valve 10 is opened, and tap water gets into and carries out water seal after 1 pair of water closet of basin body washes.Because an end of foot switch 19 is positioned at following freely the contact with it of lever 7 counterweights (9) end; Lever 7 can rotate in a counter-clockwise direction; When utilizing daily life sewage that water closet is carried out flushing pollution discharge; Blow-off pipe 12 can move downward drive lever 7 and be rotated counterclockwise, and does not influence blow-off pipe 12 and moves downward blowdown, and principle is with reference to embodiment 1.Therefore, jam on foot switch 19 and can carry out blowdown respectively with daily life sewage bath in basin body 1.
Embodiment 4
See also shown in Figure 10ly,, be with above embodiment difference as the fourth embodiment of the present invention; Lever 7 one ends are provided with pull bar 17, pulling pull bar 17, and lever 7 clockwise rotates; Blow-off pipe 12 moves downward and carries out blowdown, and the flush valve of pull bar 17 drive water tanks is washed by water simultaneously; Releasing lever 17, lever 7 rotates counterclockwise under pull bar 17 actions of gravity, and blow-off pipe 12 recovers closed state.The blowdown state is with reference to shown in Figure 3.
Embodiment 3 is shown in figure 11 with the flexible plastic 5 among the embodiment 4, and flexible plastic 5 is shown in figure 12 with the assembling of outlet of sewer 2 and blow-off pipe 12.Be that with the first example structure sketch map difference of Fig. 4, flexible plastic 5 shown in Figure 5 flexible plastic 5 lower ends also are set to funnel shaped and are enclosed within sewer 13 outer tube walls be connected and sealed, and prevent that the foul smell in the sewer 13 from leaking.
More than lever 7 among all embodiment also be provided with locating piece 20, locating piece 21 down, shown in figure 13.Last locating piece 20 makes it in suitable scope with the rotational angle that following locating piece 21 can limit lever 7; Bump cover plate 3 perhaps moves downward bump sewer 13 when carrying out the opening blowdown when carrying out closed state to prevent blow-off pipe 12 to move upward, to guarantee the reliability of work.The position of lever 7 also can be arranged on the front end or the rear end of blow-off pipe 12 as required.
The shape of chute 14 can be shown in figure 13 the straight trough shape also can be curve shape shown in Figure 14.
Water closet can also design a maintenance and installation mouth, is convenient to the installation and maintenance of inner components.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will be appreciated that; Above embodiment is used for explaining the present invention; And be not to be used as qualification of the present invention; As long as in connotation scope of the present invention, all will drop in claims scope of the present invention variation, the modification of the above embodiment.

Claims (8)

1. a water saving splash-proof pedestal pan comprises basin body (1) and outlet of sewer (2), and outlet of sewer (2) is provided with water seal (6); It is characterized in that near the liquid level of the top water seal (6) of outlet of sewer (2), be provided with cover plate (3), cover plate (3) has the flange (4) of at least one sealing; The below of cover plate (3) is provided with blow-off pipe (12); Blow-off pipe (12) is tightly connected through flexible plastic (5) and outlet of sewer (2), and it is up and down that said blow-off pipe (12) can pass outlet of sewer (2), also is provided with a lever (7); One end of lever (7) and blow-off pipe (12) are slidingly connected, and the other end is provided with counterweight (9).
2. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described cover plate (3) is one-body molded with basin body (1).
3. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described cover plate (3) is the isolated system that separates with basin body (1).
4. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the material of blow-off pipe (12) is plastics, metal or pottery.
5. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the material of described cover plate (3) is a pottery.
6. according to claim 2 or 3 described water saving splash-proof pedestal pans, it is characterized in that described cover plate (3) is provided with fin (11).
7. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the center of gravity of counterweight (9) is positioned at the top of lever (7).
8. water saving splash-proof pedestal pan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with foot switch (19).
CN2010102630572A 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan Expired - Fee Related CN101892697B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102630572A CN101892697B (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102630572A CN101892697B (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Water saving splash-proof pedestal pan

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CN101892697B true CN101892697B (en) 2012-04-11

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110403571B (en) * 2018-04-26 2022-05-31 广州医科大学附属第三医院(广州重症孕产妇救治中心、广州柔济医院) Blood gathering measuring instrument and measuring method thereof

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201883515U (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-06-29 金延东 Water-saving anti-splashing closestool

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11256652A (en) * 1998-03-13 1999-09-21 Rinfuoosu Kogyo Kk Simple water-closet bowl combining water saving type water-closet bowl
CN201330443Y (en) * 2008-11-18 2009-10-21 张清玉 Discharging mechanism for toilet bowl
CN101761125A (en) * 2008-11-18 2010-06-30 张清玉 Discharge mechanism of seat toilet

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201883515U (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-06-29 金延东 Water-saving anti-splashing closestool

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