CN201797834U - Special shed frame facility for ecologic fermentation bed cultivation of livestock - Google Patents

Special shed frame facility for ecologic fermentation bed cultivation of livestock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201797834U
CN201797834U CN2010202315639U CN201020231563U CN201797834U CN 201797834 U CN201797834 U CN 201797834U CN 2010202315639 U CN2010202315639 U CN 2010202315639U CN 201020231563 U CN201020231563 U CN 201020231563U CN 201797834 U CN201797834 U CN 201797834U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
facility
fermentation bed
membrane
livestock
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010202315639U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴网成
沈晓昆
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ZHENJIANG CITY TIANCHENG POULTRY CO Ltd
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ZHENJIANG CITY TIANCHENG POULTRY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2010202315639U priority Critical patent/CN201797834U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201797834U publication Critical patent/CN201797834U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A special shed frame facility for ecologic fermentation bed cultivation of livestock is characterized by the inclusion of a steel shed frame structure, a plastic membrane covering structure outside the shed frame, a facility matched with the fermentation bed inside the shed frame, and a ventilation and temperature-regulating facility inside the shed frame. The steel shed frame structure comprises upright poles in longitudinal arrangement, front and rear arch-shaped poles connected to the top ends and the neck parts of the upright poles, longitudinal poles connected to the top ends and the neck parts of the upright poles and the arch-shaped poles, a pediment truss frame and a door; the plastic membrane covering structure comprises a front top membrane, a rear top membrane, sun shading nets above the front and the rear top membranes, a front skirt membrane and a rear skirt membrane; the facility matched with the fermentation bed comprises the fermentation bed, a working passage, a cement platform, a separation fence, a feeding trough below the separation fence, a guard fence, a water dispenser close to the guard fence, a water receiving trough and a water outlet pipe; and the ventilation and temperature-regulating facility comprises membrane rolling devices for the front and the rear skirt membranes, ventilation windows arranged in the vertical interval of the front and the rear top membranes, a window membrane and a membrane rolling device for the window membrane. The utility model has low construction cost and good ventilation and cooling effect; and the mist cooling effect to the livestock on the cement platform can reach 4 DEG C to 6 DEG C.

Description

The special-purpose frame facility of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding
Technical field: the utility model relates to a kind of raise livestock and uses building, the special-purpose frame facility of particularly a kind of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding.
Background technology: fermentation bed to raise pig is to be located in the emerging pig raising technology that area, subfrigid zone country introduces from Japan, Korea S etc. in recent years, the fermentation bed to raise pig technology is according to ecological principle, utilize indigenous bacterium resource, microorganism biological technology, fermentation technique, cultural technique and engineering are used for a kind of integrated technology of modern farming.The fermentation bed to raise pig technology can be accomplished the fecaluria zero-emission, improves breeding environment, reduces the disease incident of pig, promotes animal welfare, increases the benefit, and makes aquaculture include the Agro-ecology circulating system better in, promotes the cycle development of the ecological agriculture.
How introducing the existing fermentation bed to raise pig technology of digestion Japan, Korea S, and create the fermentation bed ecologically raising pigs new technology that a cover is fit to China's national situation, is the new problem of domestic pig industry research.Wherein, existing most of pig houses are the same with common building structure, and daylighting in winter is poor, and temperature is on the low side in the house; Summer, air flow property was poor, and is moist sultry, and, sweat gland thick for this subcutaneous fat of pig and underdeveloped growth homoiothermous are totally unfavorable.For this reason, southern pig house has cooling installation summer, the pig house in the north has heating system winter, not only consumed the valuable energy, and existing pig house is not suitable for fermentation bed to raise pig, because the operation and maintenance of fermentation bed needs semi-open environment in the fermentation bed to raise pig, and semi-open environment can't use cooling installation or heating system.This is the matter of utmost importance that runs into.Secondly, Japan, Korea S etc. are located in the area, subfrigid zone, be in the temperate zone for China's major part, even the raiser of torrid areas, how by the architectural design of pig house, the reducing temperature of heatstroke prevention in summer is carried out in the improvement of aeration-cooling measure and reinforcement, reduce even avoid pig physiological responses to heat stress hot season, become the difficult problem of fermentation bed to raise pig technology.This shows that a kind of construction cost of research and design is low, it is necessary being fit to the special-purpose frame facility of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding that summer is aeration-cooling, daylighting in winter is warmed oneself.
The utility model content: the purpose of this utility model is that a kind of construction cost of design is low, is fit to the special-purpose frame facility of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding that summer and autumn is aeration-cooling, winter-spring season daylighting is warmed oneself.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that the special-purpose frame facility of a kind of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding, it is characterized in that by the steel scaffolding structure, and the outer overcoat structure of plastic foil frame, fermentation bed allocation of facility in the frame, the ventilation temperature regulating facility is formed in the frame.
Described steel scaffolding structure is by pressing several vertical rods that east-west direction is vertically arranged, two ends are individually fixed in several backs arch bar on rod end and ground, two ends are individually fixed in the several preceding arch bar on vertical rod neck and ground, east-west direction vertically is linked in all rod ends, neck and is linked in several vertical poles on all forward and backward arch bars evenly distributedly, be positioned at the gable truss that leaves doorframe at frame facility two, and leave the supporting door of doorframe with the gable truss and form.Its beneficial effect is that the various rod members of frame are processed into the assembling standard component earlier, to build on-site various rod members are assembled by above-mentioned requirements then, compare with the penkeeping house of brick wood cement structures, such method of construction has shortened construction period greatly, and the steel standard member is compared with brick wood cement structures, and material cost also is reduced; Two ends are individually fixed in several backs arch bar on rod end and ground, the design that two ends are individually fixed in several preceding arch bars on vertical rod neck and ground is staggered the tie-point of forward and backward arch bar and vertical rod, must cause half ceiling in back to be higher than preceding half ceiling, thereby form towards southern louver(-vre) at the frame top.
The outer cover structure design of described plastic foil frame have topped respectively in forward and backward arch bar and and the forward and backward teleblem of transparent plastic quality above the vertical pole of its connection, topped respectively at least 2 layers of black sunshade plastic wire on forward and backward teleblem, the wall film of the topped transparent plastic quality except that doorframe in gable truss outside, topped respectively near the forward and backward arch bar on ground and with the vertical pole of its connection outside the outer overcoat of forward and backward skirt film composition of transparent plastic quality; And fix, be pressed in the outer overcoat tightening device that the pressure rope on the outer overcoat is formed on the ground by two ends.Its beneficial effect is the forward and backward teleblem of transparent plastic quality, the wall film, and forward and backward skirt film has the printing opacity effect of heat insulation, and compares with the penkeeping house of brick wood cement structures, and material cost also is reduced; The design of topped black sunshade plastic wire on the forward and backward teleblem in top, not only blocked the sunlight that the top penetrates, meanwhile, also absorb a large amount of heats and heated the air at close top in the frame from sunlight, hot-air is overflowed from the louver(-vre) rising at top, drives the air inlet inflow that the interior air of house exposes from the frame skirt section, in frame, form wind tunnel effect, produced natural wind, it is mobile pure and fresh to build four seasons air dexterously, the microclimate that autumn in summer temperature descends.
Fermentation bed allocation of facility is by being positioned at the frame fermentation bed on a side ground on the sunny side in the described frame, be positioned at the service aisle on the in the shade side ground of frame, the cemented platform for the movable rest of livestock on ground between fermentation bed and service aisle, be erected in the isolated gate between service aisle and the cemented platform, be arranged at crib near cage ring grid below, be arranged at the guard boom of fermentation bed near preceding arch bar position, be arranged near the drinking bowl of guard boom and the water receiving tank and the supporting with it outlet pipe thereof of below, according to the livestock kind of raising, number needs want and between isolated gate and guard boom the spacer grid of horizontally set form.Its beneficial effect is: the setting of the movable half space of livestock, and the total amount of fermenting bed padding reduces in feasible the enforcement, and the raw material of having alleviated fermenting bed padding is in short supply; Also have a rest nice and cool relatively movable recreating facility is provided, also play the livestock effect that bedding and padding are brought crib pollution feed in the bed of in the process of searching for food, will ferment that prevents for the activity of temperature livestock when higher; Drinking bowl is positioned at the design of the opposite side relative with crib, can force livestock search for food with the drinking-water process in move back and forth to greatest extent in the grid at circle, help the growth of livestock on the one hand; On the other hand the fermentative degradation that helps animal residue is stirred in the trample of bedding and padding in the fermentation bed.Water receiving tank reaches the design of supporting with it outlet pipe, is for the water that prevents livestock water clock in the drinking-water process causes the humidity of bedding and padding in the fermentation bed too big, even a mashed phenomenon occurs.
The ventilation temperature regulating facility is by the film-coiling device that is matched in forward and backward skirt film in the described frame, and forward and backward teleblem is the louver(-vre) that becomes of the place of staggering just, opens and closes the plastics fenestrated membrane and the film-coiling device supporting with it of louver(-vre), the mist cooling system composition of cemented platform top setting.Described mist cooling system is by the fog-spray nozzle that is positioned at the cemented platform top, and with the fog-spray nozzle water pipe connecting, water tank that feed pipe supplies water and force (forcing) pump are formed.The beneficial effect of above-mentioned design is: film-coiling device is controlled after forward and backward skirt film is rolled the ventilating opening that forms easily and is entered intake in the frame from the bottom, the louver(-vre) that is provided with ceiling is matched with topped black sunshade plastic wire design on the forward and backward teleblem in top, in frame, form wind tunnel effect, produce natural wind, it is mobile fresh to build four seasons air dexterously, the microclimate that autumn in summer temperature descends.Louver(-vre) and plastics fenestrated membrane and the film-coiling device supporting with it in order to prevent that rainwater from squeezing into frame inside, can be in time put down plastics fenestrated membrane on the louver(-vre) with film-coiling device when blowing south wind or southerly in the rainy day; In time close louver(-vre) in severe winter temporarily, keep the inner suitable temperature of frame.
The technical solution of the utility model is implemented in stone Ma Shuitai village, the Dantu District Gao Zi of Zhengjiang City, Jiangsu Province town by the applicant, through on probation more than 2 years, has shown following beneficial effect:
1, construction cost is low.Compare with the penkeeping house of brick wood cement structures, method of construction has shortened construction period greatly, and the steel standard member is compared with brick wood cement structures, material cost also is reduced, whole cost drops to 70~100 yuan/square metre from 350~400 yuan/square metre, and construction cost has reduced more than 75%.
2, be fit to aeration-cooling, winter-spring season daylighting heating summer and autumn.Compare with the penkeeping house of brick wood cement structures, saved necessary cooling installation in southern summer, the north winter necessary heating system, the ventilation temperature regulating facility forms wind tunnel effect in the frame in frame, produce natural wind, it is mobile fresh to build four seasons air dexterously, the microclimate that autumn in summer temperature descends.Even up to the southern summer more than 34 ℃, the mist cooling system that is positioned at platform top carries out mist cooling to the livestock that enjoys the cool on platform at temperature, make on the platform 4-6 of local cooling ℃, avoid the appearance of livestock physiological responses to heat stress hot season.The use film-coiling device puts down the plastics fenestrated membrane on forward and backward skirt film and the louver(-vre) during winter-spring season daylighting heating, the heat that a heat that obtain after the solar radiation daytime in the maintenance frame and a fermentation microbial activities come out.
Description of drawings: Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that meets the utility model thematic structure; Fig. 2 is the gable truss schematic diagram that leaves doorframe that is positioned at frame facility thing of the present utility model two; Fig. 3 is a frame facility south elevation schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment: implementation detail of the present utility model is described as follows below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
As shown in Figure 1, the special-purpose frame facility of a kind of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding is characterized in that by steel scaffolding structure 1, plastic foil frame exterior skin structure 2, and fermentation bed allocation of facility 3 in the frame, aeration-cooling facility 4 is formed in the frame.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, described steel scaffolding structure 1 is by pressing several vertical rods 11 that east-west direction is vertically arranged, two ends are individually fixed in several backs arch bar 12 on rod end and ground, two ends are individually fixed in the several preceding arch bar 13 on vertical rod neck and ground, east-west direction vertically is linked in all rod ends, neck and is linked in several vertical poles 14 on all forward and backward arch bars evenly distributedly, be positioned at the gable truss 15 that leaves doorframe at frame facility two, and leave the supporting door of doorframe 16 with the gable truss and form.
Shown in Fig. 1,3, outer cover structure 2 designs of described plastic foil frame have topped respectively in forward and backward arch bar and and the forward and backward teleblem 21,22 of transparent plastic quality above the vertical pole of its connection, topped respectively at least 2 layers of black sunshade plastic wire 23 on forward and backward teleblem, the wall film 24 of the topped transparent plastic quality except that doorframe in gable truss outside, topped respectively near the forward and backward arch bar on ground and with the vertical pole of its connection outside the outer overcoat of forward and backward skirt film 25,26 compositions of transparent plastic quality; And fix, be pressed in the outer overcoat tightening device that the pressure rope 27 on the outer overcoat is formed on the ground by two ends.
As shown in Figure 1, fermentation bed allocation of facility 3 is by being positioned at the frame fermentation bed 30 on a side ground on the sunny side in the described frame, be positioned at the service aisle 31 on the in the shade side ground of frame, the cemented platform 32 for the movable rest of livestock on ground between fermentation bed and service aisle, be erected in the isolated gate 33 between service aisle and the cemented platform, be arranged at crib 34 near cage ring grid below, be arranged at the guard boom 35 of fermentation bed near preceding arch bar position, be arranged at drinking bowl 36 and the water receiving tank 37 of below and supporting with it outlet pipe 38 thereof, according to the livestock kind of raising near guard boom, number needs want and between isolated gate and guard boom the spacer grid of horizontally set (not drawing among the figure) form.
Shown in Fig. 1,3, aeration-cooling facility 4 is by the film-coiling device 41 that is matched in forward and backward skirt film in the described frame, forward and backward teleblem is the louver(-vre) 42 that becomes of the place of staggering just, open and close the plastics fenestrated membrane and the film-coiling device 421 supporting with it of louver(-vre), the mist cooling system 43 that the cemented platform top is provided with forms.
As shown in Figure 1, described mist cooling system 43 is by the fog-spray nozzle 431 that is positioned at cemented platform 32 tops, and with fog-spray nozzle water pipe connecting 432, water tank that feed pipe supplies water and force (forcing) pump (not drawing among the figure) are formed.
In concrete the enforcement, according to height, the width of the livestock kind needs decision frame facility of raising, for the width of the movable cemented platform of having a rest of livestock, the height of isolated gate, guard boom, spacer grid, for example, the frame facility of raising pig is corresponding lower, narrower than the frame facility of rear cattle.According to what of the length of the livestock number needs decision frame facility of raising and spacer grid, for example, it is many to raise quantity, and the length of frame facility is longer, and required spacer grid is also just more.

Claims (6)

1. the special-purpose frame facility of livestock fermentation bed ecologic breeding is characterized in that by steel scaffolding structure (1), the outer cover structure (2) of plastic foil frame, and fermentation bed allocation of facility (3) in the frame, ventilation temperature regulating facility (4) is formed in the frame.
2. frame facility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described steel scaffolding structure (1) is by pressing several vertical rods (11) that east-west direction is vertically arranged, two ends are individually fixed in several backs arch bar (12) on rod end and ground, two ends are individually fixed in the several preceding arch bar (13) on vertical rod neck and ground, east-west direction vertically is linked in all rod ends, neck and be linked in all evenly distributedly before, several vertical poles (14) on the back arch bar, be positioned at the gable truss (15) that leaves doorframe at frame facility two, and leave the supporting door (16) of doorframe with the gable truss and form.
3. frame facility according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that outer cover structure (2) design of described plastic foil frame has topped respectively in preceding, back arch bar and with transparent plastic quality above the vertical pole of its connection before, back teleblem (21,22), topped respectively in preceding, at least 2 layers of black sunshade plastic wire (23) on the back teleblem, the wall film (24) of the topped transparent plastic quality except that doorframe outside the gable truss, topped respectively in before near ground, back arch bar and with the transparent plastic quality of the vertical pole of its connection outside before, back skirt film (25,26) the outer overcoat of Zu Chenging; And fix, be pressed in the outer overcoat tightening device that the pressure rope (27) on the outer overcoat is formed on the ground by two ends.
4. frame facility according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that fermentation bed allocation of facility (3) is by being positioned at the frame fermentation bed (30) on a side ground on the sunny side in the described frame, be positioned at the service aisle (31) on the in the shade side ground of frame, the cemented platform (32) for the movable rest of livestock on ground between fermentation bed and service aisle, be erected in the isolated gate (33) between service aisle and the cemented platform, be arranged at crib (34) near cage ring grid below, be arranged at the guard boom (35) of fermentation bed near preceding arch bar position, be arranged at drinking bowl (36) and the water receiving tank (37) of below and supporting with it outlet pipe (38) thereof, according to the livestock kind of raising near guard boom, number needs want and between isolated gate and guard boom the spacer grid of horizontally set form.
5. frame facility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that ventilation temperature regulating facility (4) is by the film-coiling device that is matched in forward and backward skirt film (41) in the described frame, forward and backward teleblem is the louver(-vre) (42) that becomes of the place of staggering just, open and close the plastics fenestrated membrane and the film-coiling device (421) supporting with it of louver(-vre), the mist cooling system (43) that the cemented platform top is provided with forms.
6. frame facility according to claim 1 or 5 is characterized in that described mist cooling system (43) by the fog-spray nozzle (431) that is positioned at cemented platform (32) top, and with fog-spray nozzle water pipe connecting (432), water tank that feed pipe supplies water and force (forcing) pump are formed.
CN2010202315639U 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Special shed frame facility for ecologic fermentation bed cultivation of livestock Expired - Fee Related CN201797834U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202315639U CN201797834U (en) 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Special shed frame facility for ecologic fermentation bed cultivation of livestock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202315639U CN201797834U (en) 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Special shed frame facility for ecologic fermentation bed cultivation of livestock

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101971777A (en) * 2010-06-22 2011-02-16 镇江市天成畜禽有限公司 Special shed facility for ecological cultivation on livestock fermenting bed
CN102972303A (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-03-20 镇江市天成畜禽有限公司 Pig house cooling system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101971777A (en) * 2010-06-22 2011-02-16 镇江市天成畜禽有限公司 Special shed facility for ecological cultivation on livestock fermenting bed
CN102972303A (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-03-20 镇江市天成畜禽有限公司 Pig house cooling system

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110420

Termination date: 20110622