CN201512446U - Group-level pressure accumulation type manual and automatic integrated sewage-discharging mechanical filter - Google Patents

Group-level pressure accumulation type manual and automatic integrated sewage-discharging mechanical filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201512446U
CN201512446U CN2009202424421U CN200920242442U CN201512446U CN 201512446 U CN201512446 U CN 201512446U CN 2009202424421 U CN2009202424421 U CN 2009202424421U CN 200920242442 U CN200920242442 U CN 200920242442U CN 201512446 U CN201512446 U CN 201512446U
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water
filter
filtering layer
container
mechanical
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CN2009202424421U
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罗娟
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a group-level pressure accumulation type manual and automatic integrated sewage-discharging mechanical filter, which comprises a gravel pad layer, a multifunctional composite filter medium filtering layer, a magnetite filtering layer, a high-efficiency sterilization filter medium filtering layer and a mechanical filter. In the technical scheme, an upper annular filter plate and a lower annular filter plate are arranged in a closed container, wherein the upper annular filter plate is provided with a plurality of circular holes, a short-handled filter head is arranged in each circular hole, the surface of the filter head is provided with the gravel pad layer and the multifunctional composite filter medium filtering layer, a lower annular sieve plate is provided with drainage holes, the surface of the sieve plate is provided with the high-efficiency sterilization filter medium filtering layer and the magnetite filtering layer, the center of the top of the container is provided with a water inlet, the right side of the top water inlet is provided with a backwashing sewage-discharging port, the side face of the container below the filter plates is provided with a water outlet, the bottom of the container is provided with a forward-washing sewage-discharging port; and the water outlet of the filter is communicated with the water inlet of an overhead water storage tower. The utility model is economical and practical, and can provide qualified and health drinking water for rural natural villages, communities with concentrated populations and enterprises and institutions in rural areas.

Description

A kind of group manual/automatic integrated blowdown mechanical filter of pressure storage type
One, technical field
The utility model relates to water correction plant, particularly the manufacturing field of the strainer of the tap water that uses for the enterprises and institutions in natural village, small towns and centralized residence sub-district and inhabitation rural area.
Two, background technology
Along with the continuous propelling of world industryization, environmental pollution problems is increasingly serious.The seriously polluted life that is threatening the mankind of modern water resources; United Nations's health organization gives a warning to the whole world: " 21 century; water resources crisis will be the human fact that at first will face ", " whole world has at least people more than 50,000 to die from because of drinking the various diseases that polluted water causes every day." scientist reminds us: if or else we note the maintenance to water resources, will occur---" water grows on trees on the earth, but one can not be drunk! "
The pollution of modern water resources, influence to the rural area is the most serious, basically it is standby to be that rural area with good conditionsi enterprise and institution digging well to get water is introduced overhead water storage tower, unqualified is just drunk with the direct water intaking of pipe network in the river and gully, and river and the underground water of the whole nation more than 92% is polluted at present, even severe contamination, its pollution is loathsome especially, especially underground water iron, manganese, alkali, chlorine, suspended substance, the colloid thing, toxic byproduct, agricultural chemicals, bacterium, silt, iron rust, the solid impurity pollution hazard, even there is well that water is arranged, also severe overweight can't be drunk at all, is threatening human healthy.The condition of similar city tap-water is not used in general small towns enterprises and institutions and centralized residence sub-district, rural area, small towns enterprises and institutions and urban residents' population are directly with underground water or the face of land natural stream networks source as tap water, its present situation is drinking water pollution, severe overweight; The small towns tap water partly exceeds standard, and do not reach People's Republic of China's new " drinking water sanitary standard ", and the present situation of above-mentioned pollution has constituted the very big threat to small towns enterprises and institutions and centralized residence sub-district, rural area personnel health.
Now known on the market clean filter product design structure is comparatively simple, with low content of technology, in design and manufacturing, there is defective, especially to phreatic filter effect and auto-manual blowdown, and aquifer yield has significant limitation, above defective has become a technical bottleneck of this series products, and present manufacturers really can't remedy above defective, its product mainly is based on the exceed standard rough purification at well water water source of small towns, the purpose that reaches general domestic water designs, can not solve and reach People's Republic of China's " drinking water sanitary standard " after natural village, small towns and rural area centralized residence population directly adopt groundwater source to purify after filtration, become the purpose of Drinking Water.Disclosing a kind of " family expenses removing of iron and manganese water-strainer " (ZL01247190.9) as Chinese patent literature, is to be the water source with underground water and surface water, adopts quartz sand filtration, artificial compound manganese sand purifying treatment to become Drinking Water.
Three, utility model content
The utility model mainly is in conjunction with China's reality, push forward the building of a new socialist countryside and the country geology disaster region population safty of drinking water engineering is matched, purpose provides a kind of group manual/automatic integrated blowdown mechanical filter of pressure storage type, reach People's Republic of China's " drinking water sanitary standard " to solve small towns underground water and surface water, become the problem of Drinking Water.This novel purpose is realized by following technical scheme, a kind of group manual/automatic integrated blowdown mechanical filter of pressure storage type, comprise the cobble bed course, the multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer, the magnetite filtering layer, sterilized media filtration layer, it is characterized in that, also has mechanical screening device: be provided with annular filter plate and following annular sieve plate in its closed container, go up on the annular filter plate and have several circular ports, be provided with short-handled filter head on the circular port, the filter surface is provided with the cobble bed course, the multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer, spread all over treatment hole on the following annular sieve plate, described sterilized filtrate filtering layer is arranged on the sieve plate surface, also be provided with the magnetite filtering layer on it, the top of container is provided with water-in, the water-in right side is provided with the back flush discharge mouth, have water outlet on the container side of sieve plate below, container bottom has and just washes discharge outlet, cylindrical shell left surface top is provided with the filler import and export, and (its mouth is provided with sealing cover, screw rod connects), loading hopper (buckle spins), left surface bottom are provided with the filler import and export, and (its mouth is provided with sealing cover, screw rod connects), loading hopper (buckle spins); The water outlet of described filtration unit is communicated with the water-in of overhead retaining tower.
In the above-mentioned design, these novel employing one-level two Room four floor filtration units are with the needs at natural village, small towns and the drinking water treatment of centralized residence sub-district.As for water sources such as rural area underground water, surface water, this is novel to carry out cobble media filtration and multifunctional composite filter material to it and filters the back, carries out that magnetite filters and sterilized media filtration is handled again.
Compare with prior art (on the basis of existing quartz sand filtration and artificial filtration with manganese sand processing), this novel pin is to the water source, rural area, increased cobble bed course and multifunctional composite filter material filtration treatment, increased treatment steps such as one section magnetite filtration, sterilized media filtration again at rural area and water source, small towns.During this was novel, special cobble bed course is rim upper strata filtrate effectively, was exempted from filtrate obstruction filter, also effective macrobead silt, impurity, the suspended substance in the filtering water; Multifunctional composite filter material is the silt in the filtering water effectively, iron rust, impurity, suspended substance, thoroughly remove incrustation scale, filtration efficiency is up to more than 99%, also can remove, iron, mn ion, poisonous metal, colloidalmaterial, various mechanical impuritys, to acid, in, the purifying treatment of alkaline water, clearance is up to 99.5%, can threaten maximum chlorine residue to HUMAN HEALTH in the planar water, peculiar smell, heterochromatic, the foreign odor thing, agricultural chemicals, granulometric impurity in trichloromethane and the water, stop bacterium, objectionable impurities such as chemical substance and heavy metal element, remove the organism in the water, keep mineral substance and trace element the human body beneficial; Sterilized filtrate has scrubbing, taste removal, removes look and sterilizing function, only need add 5% content, can kill all bacteriums in the water in five minutes; Muddy thing, colourity, peculiar smell, chlorine residue, bacterium, organism and other objectionable impurities that is detrimental to health in the further absorption water of magnetite filtrate energy, and through magnetization measure activated water; The auto-manual drainage can effectively be controlled the automatic discharging of sewage, automatic backwash is effectively discharged the various objectionable impuritiess that are suspended in the filter cylinder water body, and contaminant removal effectiveness is up to more than 99%, kept mineral substance and trace element simultaneously, made the water quality mouthfeel sweet more pure sweet the human body beneficial.
This is novel to have following characteristics: 1, effective rim upper strata filtrate, exempted from filtrate obstruction filter, also effective macrobead silt, impurity, the suspended substance in the filtering water.2, the effective silt in the filtering water, iron rust, impurity, suspended substance, thoroughly remove incrustation scale, filtration efficiency is up to more than 99%, also can remove, iron, mn ion, poisonous metal, colloidalmaterial, various mechanical impuritys, to acid, in, the purifying treatment of alkaline water, clearance is up to 99.5%, can threaten maximum chlorine residue to HUMAN HEALTH in the planar water, peculiar smell, heterochromatic, the foreign odor thing, agricultural chemicals, granulometric impurity in trichloromethane and the water, stop bacterium, objectionable impurities such as chemical substance and heavy metal element, remove the organism in the water, keep mineral substance and trace element the human body beneficial.3, have scrubbing, taste removal, remove look and sterilizing function, only need add 5% content, can kill all bacteriums in the water in five minutes.4, muddy thing, colourity, peculiar smell, chlorine residue, bacterium, organism and other objectionable impurities that is detrimental to health in the further absorption water of energy, and through magnetization measure activated water.5, kept to human body the mineral substance and the trace element that must from water, obtain, thereby make water quality sweet more pure sweet.6, can effectively control the automatic backwash discharging of sewage, effectively discharge the various objectionable impuritiess that are suspended in the filter cylinder water body, contaminant removal effectiveness is up to more than 99%.7, filter back water quality and be better than People's Republic of China's " drinking water sanitary standard ".
This novel economizer is suitable for, and water purification automatic water-supply ability is the 10-48 ton per hour, can solve the tap water of 36000 populations, is particularly suitable for natural village, small towns and centralized residence sub-district and uses.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the device connection diagram of this novel embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structure iron of mechanical screening device shown in Figure 1.
Five, embodiment
Fig. 1 illustrates this novel water treatment device and is equipped with the situation of filtering power and manual/automatic integrated blowdown, as for enterprises and institutions' use in natural village, small towns and centralized residence district and inhabitation rural area, working shaft 2 is extracted the water in well water or the surface water 1 out, and after pipe network is sent into water storage box 3, send into through topping-up pump 4 and carry out filtration treatment in this new device, the water after the processing is sent in the overhead retaining tower 9 for using.If for the situation that tap water or self-control tap water are arranged in the rural area, then directly tap water or self-control tap water are introduced treated in this new device then can (latter adopts former water pressure, as insufficient pressure, can add topping-up pump).
Among Fig. 2, the closed container that mechanical screening device 8 is made up of cylindrical shell 8b and upper cover 8a, argon arc welding is connected cylindrical shell 8b with upper cover 8a, the top center of this container is provided with water-in 8c, water-in right side, top is provided with sewage backwash mouth 8f, have water outlet 8d on the container side of filter plate below, the bottom of container has and just washes sewage draining exit 8e, cylindrical shell left surface top is provided with filler import and export 34, and (its mouth is provided with sealing cover, screw rod connects), loading hopper 35 (buckle spins), the left surface bottom is provided with filler import and export 36, and (its mouth is provided with sealing cover, screw rod connects), loading hopper 37 (buckle spins), be provided with annular filter plate 29 in this closed container, following annular sieve plate 33, go up on the annular filter plate and have several circular ports, be provided with short-handled filter head 30 on the circular port, the filter surface is provided with cobble bed course 28 (granularity 2.0-3.0mm), multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer 27 (granularity 1.2-1.5mm), spread all over treatment hole on the following annular sieve plate, the sieve plate surface is provided with sterilized filtering layer 32 (granularity 0.8-1.0mm), magnetite filtering layer 31 (granularity 1.0-1.3mm), the total thickness>2.66m of above-mentioned filtering layer; The top of multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer 27 is provided with arc water distribution cover 26 in this container, spreads all over the water slit on it, plays the distribution and the effect of back flushing separated material of water.Can serve as a contrast between the above-mentioned filtering layer with filter cloth.
Referring to Fig. 1, process from water treatment, former water is after valve 10 enters the roof overhead water tank, flow out from right side, water storage box bottom water outlet, enter from the water-in 8c on the container of mechanical screening device by valve 11 and magnetic valve 12 and valve 13, (at this moment, bleed valve 17 on bleed valve 16 on the manual sewage draining exit in top and the bottom manual blowdown mouth cuts out, use when blowdown was with cleaning when the manual drain valve on this sewage draining exit was the supplying apparatus power failure, electromagnetism bleed valve 15 on the automatic pollution discharge mouth uses when being the supplying apparatus automatic pollution discharge), after the bed filtration sterilization, water outlet 8d on container side flows out, and becomes Drinking Water, outwards exports through valve 14.The water outlet of above-mentioned filtration unit is communicated with the water-in of overhead retaining tower.
In addition, a round concave shape firm banking can be set, 6 screw rod mounting blocks are set on it, above-mentioned mechanical screening device and drainage are all placed on the round concave shape firm banking, install and use with convenient.
Container can adopt edible stainless steel 304 materials during this was novel, to satisfy hygienic requirements.

Claims (6)

1. a group is with the manual/automatic integrated blowdown mechanical filter of pressure storage type, comprise the cobble bed course, the multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer, the magnetite filtering layer, sterilized media filtration layer, it is characterized in that, also has mechanical screening device (8): be provided with annular filter plate (29) in its closed container, following annular sieve plate (33), go up on the annular filter plate and have several circular ports, be provided with short-handled filter head (30) on the circular port, the filter surface is provided with cobble bed course (28), multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer (27), spread all over treatment hole on the following annular sieve plate, the sieve plate surface is provided with sterilized filtrate filtering layer (32), magnetite filtering layer (31), the top center of container is provided with water-in (8c), has water outlet (8d) on the container side of filter plate below; The water outlet of described filtration unit (8) is communicated with the water-in of overhead retaining tower (9).
2. mechanical filter according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the top of multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer (27) is provided with arc water distribution cover (26) in the container of described filtration unit (8).
3. mechanical filter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the granularity of the refining peastone bed course in the container of described filtration unit (8) is 2.0-3.0mm, the granularity of multifunctional composite filter material filtering layer is 1.2-1.5mm, the granularity of sterilized filtering layer is 0.8-1.0mm, the granularity of magnetite filtering layer is 1.0-1.3mm, total thickness of filter bed>2.66m.
4. mechanical filter according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the container of described filtration unit (8) is welded by cylindrical shell and upper cover.
5. mechanical filter according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the cylindrical shell bottom of described filtration unit (8) has just washes sewage draining exit (8e), water-in right side, top is provided with sewage backwash mouth (8f), cylindrical shell left surface top is provided with filler and imports and exports (34), loading hopper (35), and the left surface bottom is provided with filler and imports and exports (36), loading hopper (37).
6. mechanical filter according to claim 5 is characterized in that, also has a round concave shape firm banking, and base is provided with the screw fixed part, and described filtration unit (8) places on this round concave shape firm banking.
CN2009202424421U 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Group-level pressure accumulation type manual and automatic integrated sewage-discharging mechanical filter Expired - Fee Related CN201512446U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202424421U CN201512446U (en) 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Group-level pressure accumulation type manual and automatic integrated sewage-discharging mechanical filter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202424421U CN201512446U (en) 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Group-level pressure accumulation type manual and automatic integrated sewage-discharging mechanical filter

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103395896A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-11-20 河海大学 Water purification equipment of special medicament for removing hardness ions in underground water

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103395896A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-11-20 河海大学 Water purification equipment of special medicament for removing hardness ions in underground water
CN103395896B (en) * 2013-08-05 2015-04-08 河海大学 Water purification equipment of special medicament for removing hardness ions in underground water

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100623

Termination date: 20101009