CN201368777Y - Temperature measuring device for automatically monitoring water temperature of polluted lake - Google Patents

Temperature measuring device for automatically monitoring water temperature of polluted lake Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201368777Y
CN201368777Y CNU2009201109542U CN200920110954U CN201368777Y CN 201368777 Y CN201368777 Y CN 201368777Y CN U2009201109542 U CNU2009201109542 U CN U2009201109542U CN 200920110954 U CN200920110954 U CN 200920110954U CN 201368777 Y CN201368777 Y CN 201368777Y
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China
Prior art keywords
lake
temperature
bearing cable
watertight
load
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2009201109542U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘增力
侯猛
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CNU2009201109542U priority Critical patent/CN201368777Y/en
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Publication of CN201368777Y publication Critical patent/CN201368777Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a temperature measuring device for automatically monitoring the water temperature of the polluted lake, which comprises a watertight buoy, a GPS antenna, a GPRS antenna, a GPS module, a GPRS module, a high-performance MCU system, a maintenance-free battery, a multicore bearing cable, a 1-Wires (1 line) bus digital temperature sensor and a pressure sensor, wherein the GPS module is used for determining the position information of the measured lake; the digital temperature sensor is used for measuring the lake water temperature; and the GPRS module automatically sends the multilayer temperature data of the measured lake water and the position information of the measured lake to a shore central control station according to certain time interval under the control of the high-performance MCU system, thereby realizing automatic monitoring of the water temperature of the polluted lake. In the utility model, the temperature measuring device for water temperature of the polluted lake is improved, unattended monitoring is realized, the high-precision temperature chain of the polluted lake in the wider range can be accurately measured, and early warning is offered for algae bloom.

Description

Automatically monitor the temperature measuring equipment of polluted lake water temperature
Technical field
The utility model relates to and a kind of GPS (GPS), GPRS (GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)) and 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensor is used to measure the device of lake water temperature, is particularly useful for the temperature measurement of polluted lake.
Background technology
In recent years, contaminated lake surface usually breaks out the large tracts of land blue-green algae, brings tremendous influence to the productive life of people around the ring lake.The water temperature that the lake is suitable is one of reason of blue algae bloom.Multiple spot, multilayer water temperature to contaminated lake are carried out long term monitoring, obtain multiple spot, the multilayer temperature value of lake water, can be used for the contamination monitoring in lake and the early warning before the blue algae bloom.Conventional method is manually to be timed to the scene with thermometer to carry out the temperature survey that single-point, unit are put.Present existing technology is to carry out temperature measurement with the temperature measuring equipment that data set and analog temperature sensor constitute, but this measurement mechanism exist do not make full use of common signal channel, power consumption is too high, the cable volume is excessive, measured zone is fixed, use inconvenience and do not have defective such as waters locating information, thereby can not satisfy the multilayer water temperature in multiple spot, multizone lake is carried out the requirement of unmanned long term monitoring.
Summary of the invention
Problem at the prior art existence, the utility model provides a kind of temperature measuring equipment based on GPS, GPRS and 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensor, this device can be measured different depth, the lake water in diverse location zone, ocean temperature automatically, and can automatically measured temperature data, depth data and the lake region position data of surveying be utilized common radio channel with low cost to beam back, for the outburst that prevents blue-green algae provides early warning information.
The temperature-detecting device of the automatic monitoring lake water that the utility model provides, comprise connecting wire rope, plummet, float in lead, inner cable, watertight socket connecting pipe, the load-bearing cable, also comprise columniform watertight floating drum, gps antenna, GPRS antenna, GPS module, GPRS module, high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, maintenance-free battery, multicore load-bearing cable, 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensor, pressure transducer.
Incorporate GPS module, GPRS module, high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and maintenance-free battery are housed in the watertight floating drum, and GPS module, GPRS module link to each other with the high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system respectively, and battery provides working power.Gps antenna and GPRS antenna are equipped with in the outside of watertight floating drum upper flanges dish, and by the seal on the watertight floating drum ring flange respectively be contained in the watertight floating drum in the GPS module be connected with the GPRS module;
Watertight floating drum lower surface circle centre position be welded with one cylindric, externally threaded watertight socket connecting pipe arranged.One end of multicore load-bearing cable and multi-core socket is welded to connect and carry out vulcanizing treatment, the design of multi-core socket outer round surface has the twice semi-circular recesses, " O " shape O-ring seal is housed in the groove, after tight coupling, be tucked in the watertight socket pipe with multi-pin connector in the watertight floating drum bucket and be connected, multi-pin connector and inner cable are welded to connect, and inner cable then is connected with the high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system.The activity on the multicore load-bearing cable of being enclosed within is tightened volution and is threaded with watertight socket connecting pipe, plays the solid effect of tension, prevents that multicore load-bearing cable and watertight floating drum from coming off.
On multicore load-bearing cable, a plurality of 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensor and a pressure transducer are housed.Digital temperature sensor can evenly or unevenly be arranged, three wire bonds of each digital temperature sensor and multicore load-bearing cable also seal with heat conductive silica gel, in add and protect lining heart yearn is protected digital temperature sensor, the surface adopts rubber low temperature to lay, and digital temperature sensor is protected in the rubber surface; Pressure transducer in that the suitable position watertight of multicore load-bearing cable is installed is used for the correction of actual lake, the extra large degree of depth.
The other end of multicore load-bearing cable links to each other with plummet or float by wire rope in the load-bearing cable, to reach the purpose of measuring the different depth water temperature.
The utility model utilizes the structural advantage of 1-Wires bus type digital temperature sensor, only need to use three leads of multicore load-bearing cable to get final product a plurality of 1-Wires bus type of welded and installed digital temperature sensor, reduced and used the lead of analog temperature sensor to take quantity, reduced the volume and the weight of cable; Secondly, utilize the GPS module, the locating information of watertight floating drum can be provided, even watertight floating drum generation random drift also can accurately be measured the position of lake region, watertight floating drum place; The 3rd, utilize the GPRS module, can be under the control of high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, according to certain time interval the positional information of measured lake water multilayer temperature data and tested lake region is sent to overhead control station on the bank automatically.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: a kind of temperature measurement system based on GPS, GPRS and 1-Wires bus type digital temperature sensor is provided, can be used to measure the temperature in lake water, seawater different depth, diverse location zone, and automatically measured temperature data, depth data and the lake region position data of surveying are utilized common radio channel with low cost to transmit and transmission, realized unmanned and can measure high-precision temperature chain in the lakeside wider range of polluted lake exactly, for the outburst that prevents blue-green algae provides early warning.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a circuit connection diagram in the watertight floating drum;
Fig. 3 is a watertight floating drum side view;
Fig. 4 is the measurement mechanism sectional view;
Fig. 5 is the local figure of multicore load-bearing cable that is welded with digital temperature sensor and pressure transducer.
Among the figure: 1.GPS antenna, 2.GPRS antenna, 3. internal connecting wire, 4.GPRS module, 5.GPS module, 6. watertight floating drum, 7. high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, 8. maintenance-free battery, 9. inner cable, 10. watertight socket connecting pipe, 11. multicore load-bearing cable, 12.1-Wires bus type digital temperature sensor, 13. pressure transducers, 14. wire rope in the load-bearing cable, 15. plummet, 16. floats, 17. watertight socket connecting pipe external threads, " 18. O " shape O-ring seal, 19. multicore load-bearing cable end, 20. multi-core sockets, volution is tightened in 21. activities, 22.RS232 serial ports, 23.GPS the module antenna interface, 24.GPRS module antenna interface, 25.RS232 serial port connecting wire, 26. the sensor connector socket, 27. insulated conductor materials.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail by embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, column type watertight floating drum 6 of the present utility model is mainly used in provides buoyancy and carrying electronic metering equipment and maintenance-free battery 8.Incorporate GPS module 5, GPRS module 4, high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7 and maintenance-free battery 8 are placed in the column type watertight floating drum 6, the high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system is chosen the C8051F model, and the outside of watertight floating drum 6 upper flanges dishes is laid gps antenna 1 and also linked to each other with GPRS module 5 with GPS module 5 respectively by seal on the watertight floating drum ring flange with GPRS antenna 2.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4,6 lower end immersions place of watertight floating drum are a column watertight socket connecting pipe 10 that is welded on the watertight floating drum and is communicated with the watertight floating drum, the head 19 of multicore load-bearing cable 11 is welded to connect with 20 of multi-core sockets and carries out vulcanizing treatment, " O " shape O-ring seal 18 is housed in the groove of multi-core socket outer round surface, after tight coupling, be tucked into watertight socket connecting pipe and pass through inner cable 9 and link to each other with high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7, activity is tightened volution 21 and is threaded with watertight socket connecting pipe 10, play the solid effect of tension, prevent that multicore load-bearing cable and watertight floating drum from coming off.
As Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 5, a plurality of 1-Wires bus type digital temperature sensors 12 and a pressure transducer 13 are housed on the multicore load-bearing cable 11.1-Wires bus type digital temperature sensor is chosen the DS18B20 digital temperature sensor, can be evenly or be arranged in unevenly on the multicore load-bearing cable, three wire bonds of each digital temperature sensor and multicore load-bearing cable also seal with heat conductive silica gel, in add and protect lining heart yearn is protected digital temperature sensor, the surface adopts XHF (organosilicon) rubber low temperature to lay, and temperature sensor is protected in the rubber surface; Pressure transducer 13 watertights are installed in the suitable position of multicore load-bearing cable 11.
The tail end of multicore load-bearing cable 11 links to each other with plummet 15 by wire rope 14 in the load-bearing cable, to measure lake deep layer water temperature.
GPS module 5 can provide the locating information of watertight floating drum, thereby has also just known the positional information of tested lake region; GPRS module 4 sends to overhead control station on the bank according to certain time interval with the positional information of measured lake water multilayer temperature data and tested lake region under the control of high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7.In addition, consider the influence that is subjected to current and wind-force, the watertight floating drum can drift about, and the correction of actual lake, the extra large degree of depth is provided by pressure transducer 13.
Embodiment 2:
Shown in the dotted line of Fig. 1, miscellaneous part and installation are all identical with embodiment one, only need the tail end of multicore load-bearing cable 11 is replaced by float 16 with the plummet that wire rope 14 in the load-bearing cable links to each other, under the float buoyancy function, multicore load-bearing cable will float on the shallow table of lake water pool, be installed on digital temperature sensor on the multicore load-bearing cable with regard to the temperature of the shallow table water surface in energy measurement lake.
Location positioning is identical with embodiment one with the transmission of temperature data, depth data and the lake region position data of surveying.
The utility model also can application and the acoustic velocity measutement in investigating of the hydroacoustic physics field in lake, sea except the multilayer water temperature detection that is applied to polluted lake.

Claims (5)

1. automatic temperature measuring equipment of monitoring polluted lake water temperature, comprise: connect lead (3), inner cable (9), watertight socket connecting pipe (10), wire rope (14) in the load-bearing cable, plummet (15) and float (16), it is characterized in that: also comprise watertight floating drum (6), gps antenna (1), GPRS antenna (2), GPS module (5), GPRS module (4), high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (7), maintenance-free battery (8), multicore load-bearing cable (11), 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensor (12) and pressure transducer (13) wherein are installed in the gps antenna (1) outside watertight floating drum (6) upper surface, GPRS antenna (2) respectively with the GPS module (5) that is installed in the watertight floating drum (6), GPRS module (4) connects; In the watertight floating drum (6) incorporate GPS module (5), GPRS module (4), high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (7) and maintenance-free battery (8) be installed in 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensor (12) on the multicore load-bearing cable (11) and pressure transducer (13) outside watertight floating drum (6) lower surface, connect by watertight socket connecting pipe (10).
2. according to the described temperature measuring equipment of claim 1, it is characterized in that GPS module (5), GPRS module (4), the high-performance Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (7) in the watertight floating drum (6) is integrated, provide working power by maintenance-free battery (8).
3. according to the described temperature measuring equipment of claim 1, it is characterized in that on multicore load-bearing cable (11), a plurality of 1-Wires (1 line) bus type digital temperature sensors (12) and a pressure transducer (13) are housed; Digital temperature sensor can evenly or unevenly be arranged, three wire bonds of each digital temperature sensor and multicore load-bearing cable also seal with heat conductive silica gel, in add and protect lining heart yearn is protected digital temperature sensor, the surface adopts rubber low temperature to lay, and digital temperature sensor is protected in the rubber surface; Suitable position watertight setting pressure sensor at multicore load-bearing cable.
4. according to the described temperature measuring equipment of claim 1, it is characterized in that the tail end of multicore load-bearing cable (11) links to each other with plummet (15) by wire rope (14) in the load-bearing cable, to measure lake deep layer water temperature.
5. according to the described temperature measuring equipment of claim 1, it is characterized in that the tail end of multicore load-bearing cable (11) links to each other with float (16) by wire rope (14) in the load-bearing cable, to measure the shallow epiliminion water temperature in lake.
CNU2009201109542U 2009-02-19 2009-02-19 Temperature measuring device for automatically monitoring water temperature of polluted lake Expired - Fee Related CN201368777Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2009201109542U CN201368777Y (en) 2009-02-19 2009-02-19 Temperature measuring device for automatically monitoring water temperature of polluted lake

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102023603A (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-04-20 中国环境科学研究院 Automatic monitoring system of alga in lake
CN102117383A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-07-06 河海大学 Method for diagnosing river pollution in real time
CN103439025A (en) * 2013-09-05 2013-12-11 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Water body skin temperature-surface temperature synchronous measuring device and method for calibrating satellite remote sensing by measuring device
WO2013115732A3 (en) * 2012-02-01 2014-02-27 Envit, Environmental Technologies And Engineering Ltd. Process and device to control harmful cyanobacterial blooms
CN104101448A (en) * 2014-08-03 2014-10-15 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所 Section temperature chain and manufacturing method thereof
CN104913860A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-16 中国科学院声学研究所 Method and device for seawater detection based on wireless communication
CN106995046A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-01 方懂平 Multifunction remote-control lifebuoy

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102023603A (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-04-20 中国环境科学研究院 Automatic monitoring system of alga in lake
CN102023603B (en) * 2010-11-10 2013-02-27 中国环境科学研究院 Automatic monitoring system of alga in lake
CN102117383A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-07-06 河海大学 Method for diagnosing river pollution in real time
WO2013115732A3 (en) * 2012-02-01 2014-02-27 Envit, Environmental Technologies And Engineering Ltd. Process and device to control harmful cyanobacterial blooms
CN103439025A (en) * 2013-09-05 2013-12-11 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Water body skin temperature-surface temperature synchronous measuring device and method for calibrating satellite remote sensing by measuring device
CN103439025B (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-12-23 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Water body Pi Wen-Biao Wen synchronous measuring apparatus determines calibration method to satellite remote sensing
CN104101448A (en) * 2014-08-03 2014-10-15 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所 Section temperature chain and manufacturing method thereof
CN104101448B (en) * 2014-08-03 2017-07-14 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所 A kind of section temperature chain and preparation method thereof
CN104913860A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-16 中国科学院声学研究所 Method and device for seawater detection based on wireless communication
CN104913860B (en) * 2015-05-29 2018-08-14 中国科学院声学研究所 Seawater detection method based on wireless telecommunications and device
CN106995046A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-01 方懂平 Multifunction remote-control lifebuoy

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091223

Termination date: 20120219