Plate-type semiconductor temperature difference electricity generation device

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Publication number
CN201327846Y
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CN
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
electricity
generation
difference
temperature
semiconductor
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CN 200820139611
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
正 周
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无锡明惠通科技有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model provides a plate-type semiconductor temperature difference electricity generation device, which comprises a semiconductor temperature difference electricity generation module, a heating groove, a cooling groove and a fastening splint, wherein the heating groove and the cooling groove are staggered, the semiconductor temperature difference electricity generation module is arranged between two different adjacent grooves, the cooling grooves are tightly stuck to the cold surface of the semiconductor temperature difference electricity generation module, and the heating groove is tightly stuck to the hot surface of the semiconductor temperature difference electricity generation module. The device can recycle residual heat of gas-state products and liquid-state products produced in production process of an industrial enterprise and generate electricity, generate electricity through gas-state or liquid-state media with heat as energy sources and directly change the residual heat into electric energy. Therefore, the device has the advantages of no noise in electricity generation process, no abrasion and no medium leakage, small size, lightness, convenient movement, long service life, simple structure, convenient processing, and easy popularization and application. Furthermore, the utility model utilizes the industrial residual heat to generate electricity, thereby reducing energy consumption of enterprises and according with national industrial policies.

Description

板式半导体温差发电装置技术领域本实用新型涉及一种热能发电装置,特别是一种板式半导体温差发电装置。 The semiconductor plate thermoelectric power generation device Technical Field The present invention relates to a thermal power generation device, in particular a plate-type semiconductor thermoelectric power generation device. 背景技术目前发电技术一般利用火力发电和水力发电,还有利用风能和太阳能以及地热等等,小型发电机则一般利用柴油、汽油等矿物能源,共同特点就是在应用上需要满足一定条件,如果不具备这些形式的能量就无法进行发电。 BACKGROUND Currently the use of thermal power generation technology in general and hydropower, as well as the use of wind and solar energy, geothermal, etc., are generally small generators use diesel, gasoline and other fossil energy, is the common feature in the application need to meet certain conditions, if you do not with these forms of energy will not be able to generate electricity. 对于带有热量的气态或者液态介质尤其工业企业排放烟气的余热,现有的发电设备不具备直接使用的条件,不能有效的进行余热回收, 一方面造成能源的浪费,另一方面也对环境造成了负面影响。 For a gaseous or liquid medium with the heat of the flue gas emissions of industrial enterprises, especially waste heat power generation device does not have the conventional conditions used directly, can not effectively be heat recovery, energy is wasted on the one hand, on the other hand to the environment It had a negative impact. 实用新型内容本实用新型的目的是提供一种板式半导体温差发电装置,可以对工业企业生产过程中产生的气态、液态产物余热进行回收并发电,也可依靠带有热量的气态或液态介质作为能量来源发电。 SUMMARY The present invention aims to provide a plate-type semiconductor thermoelectric power generation unit, can be generated during industrial production of gaseous, liquid product recovered heat and power generation, it may also rely on a gaseous or liquid medium with the heat energy as sources of power generation. 本实用新型的目的是通过以下技术方案来实现:一种板式半导体温差发电装置,包括半导体温差发电模块、加热槽、冷却槽、紧固夹板,所述加热槽和冷却槽交叉排列,半导体温差发电模块夹在两个相邻的不同槽中间,其中冷却槽紧贴半导体温差发电模块的冷面,加热槽紧贴半导体温差发电模块的热面。 The present invention this object is achieved by the following technical solutions: A plate-type semiconductor thermoelectric power generation device comprising a semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module, a heating tank, a cooling tank, the tightening clamp, the heating and cooling grooves intersecting alignment groove, a semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module is sandwiched between two different adjacent grooves, wherein the cooling slots against cold semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module, the heating heat against the groove surface of the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module. 根据热源情况,所述加热槽、半导体温差发电模块、冷却槽的组合结构为一组或多组。 The case where the heat source, the heating tank, thermoelectric power generation combined structure of the semiconductor module, the cooling bath is one or more groups. 所述紧固夹板为绝热材料,位于装置两侧,夹板上用螺栓将加热槽、冷却槽以及半导体温差发电模块紧压在一起,使相互之间紧密贴合。 The tightening clamp for the insulating material, means located on both sides, with bolts of the heating bath, cooling bath and a semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module splint pressed together, so that close contact with each other. 属材料制成。 Made of metallic materials. 本实用新型的有益效果是,可利用气态或者液态介质所携带的热量直接发电,既可以对工业企业生产过程中产生的气态、液态产物余热进行回收并发电, 也可依靠带有热量的气态或液态介质作为能量来源发电,无需按传统的方式先将热能转换成机械能,再将机械能转换成电能的复杂过程,从而提高了热电转换效率,与其他形式的余热回收装置相比,本发明是一种全固态能量转换方式,具有在发电过程中无噪音、无磨损、无介质泄漏、体积小、重量轻、移动方便、 使用寿命长,本发明装置结构简单,便于加工,易于推广应用,利用工业余热发电,可降低企业能耗,符合国家产业政策。 The present invention has the advantages that may be utilized a gaseous or liquid medium, heat generation is directly carried, may be produced during the industrial production of gaseous, liquid product recovered heat and power generation, may rely on heat or with the gaseous liquid medium as an energy source for power generation, in a conventional manner without first converting thermal energy into mechanical energy and then the mechanical energy into electrical energy complex process, thereby improving the thermoelectric conversion efficiency, compared with other forms of heat recovery unit, the present invention is a kinds of solid-state energy conversion mode, during power generation with no noise, no wear, no leakage of the medium, small size, light weight, easy to move, long life, simple structure of the present invention, ease of processing, ease of application, the use of industrial cogeneration can reduce energy consumption enterprises, in line with national industrial policy. 附图说明下面根据附图和实施例对本实用新型作进一步详细说明。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION According to the drawings and detailed description of embodiments of the present invention further. 图1是本实用新型的截面结构示意图; 图中:1、加热槽通道;2、冷却槽通道;3、紧固螺栓;4、紧固夹板;5、冷却槽; 6、半导体温差发电模块;7、加热槽;8、绝热材料。 1 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present invention; FIG: 1, heat sink channel; 2, cooling tank passage; 3, fastening bolts; 4, the tightening clamp; 5, cooling grooves; 6, semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module; 7, heating tank; 8, a heat insulating material. 具体实施方式如图1所示,本实用新型所述的板式半导体温差发电装置,其结构包括半导体温差发电模块6,冷却槽5,加热槽7以及紧固夹板4和紧固螺栓3,其中半导体温差发电模块6夹在加热槽7与冷却槽5之间,加热槽7紧贴在半导体温差发电模块6热面一侧,冷却槽5紧贴在半导体温差发电模块6冷面一侧, 紧固夹板4,为两块平板,选用绝热材料制作,可防止加热槽7或冷却槽5的热量向外界传递。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION Embodiment 1, the semiconductor plate thermoelectric power generation device according to the present invention, a semiconductor structure comprising a thermoelectric power generation module 6, a cooling tank 5, heating bath 7 and a fastening clamp and the fastening bolts 4 3, wherein the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module 6 sandwiched between the heating bath 7 and the cooling channel 5, 7 close to the heating tank semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module 6 hot surface side, close to the cooling tank 5 6 cold side of the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module, the fastening grip plate 4, as two plates, the choice of insulating materials, heat or cooling grooves 7 prevents heat transfer tank 5 to the outside world. 两块紧固夹板4将加热槽7、冷却槽5、半导体温差发电模块6夹紧,再用紧固螺栓3将两块夹板连接并紧固在一起,使各个传热面紧密贴效率;在冷却槽5和加热槽7两端进出口处的壁面之间加入绝热材料8,防止加热槽和冷却槽的壁面之间产生热量交换。 Two tightening clamp 4 of the heating bath 7, the cooling channel 5, 6 clamp the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module, and then the fastening bolt 3 is connected to two jaws and secured together, so that the efficiency of the heat transfer surface in close contact; in was added between the wall surface of the heat insulating material 8 at the entrances of the cooling channel 5 and 7 at both ends of the heating tank and prevent heat exchange between the wall surfaces of the heating chamber and the cooling tank. 半导体温差发电模块6,由多块半导体发电芯片组成,其发电原理是基于塞贝尔效应,半导体材料中的电子在温度差的驱动下会从高温端流向低温端, 从而形成电势差。 Thermoelectric power generation module 6, a plurality of power semiconductor chips, which is based on the principle of power generation potential difference Seibel effect, electrons in the semiconductor material at a temperature difference between the driving side will flow from the low temperature side, thereby forming. 加热槽7和冷却槽5,是介质流通的槽道,为中空的长方体,分别形成加热槽通道1和冷却槽通道2,两端有进出口,为介质进出的通道。 Heating tank 7 and the cooling channel 5, is the medium flow channel, a hollow rectangular parallelepiped, the groove channels are formed a heating and cooling passage grooves 2, both ends of the import and export, and out of the media path. 加热槽7和冷却槽5的材料选用金属材料,因为金属材料导热系数较大,传热较快。 Material heating tank 7 and the cooling channel 5 is of metal used, since a larger thermal conductivity metal material, heat faster. 可视乎热源多少情况,釆用一组通道或多组通道组合的结构,得到足够高的电压。 Depending on how much heat can be the case, a set of structures preclude the channel or channel combinations to obtain a sufficiently high voltage. 发电原理:在散发热量的气态或液态介质通过加热槽7的加热槽通道1时, 加热槽壁面吸收介质的热量,壁面将热量传递到紧贴它的半导体温差发电模块6热面;冷却槽5布置在半导体温差发电模块6冷面一侧,冷却槽壁面吸收半导体温差发电模块冷面的热量,再将热量传递给冷却介质,由冷却介质将热量带走;在加热介质和冷却介质的分别作用下,半导体温差发电模块6的热面与冷面之间形成温度差,由于塞贝尔效应,这个温度差被转换成电势差,经过稳压整流(现有技术)以及交直流转换(现有技术)之后,可接负载作为电源用。 Principle of power generation: radiates heat in the heating chamber a gaseous or liquid medium passage 7 when a heating bath, heating the wall surface of the groove of the heat absorbing medium, the heat transfer through the wall surface against which a semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module hot surface 6; a cooling tank 5 heat is arranged in the semiconductor module 6 cold side of the thermoelectric power generation, the cooling tank wall absorbed by the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module of the cold, then heat transfer to the cooling medium, the heat away from the cooling medium, respectively; the role of a heating medium and cooling medium next, the semiconductor is formed between the hot face and cold thermoelectric power generation module 6 is a temperature difference, because Seibel effect, the temperature difference is converted into a potential difference, a regulated rectifier (prior art) and the AC-DC converter (prior art) Thereafter, the power supply can be connected as a load. 如采用热空气作为加热介质,常温水作为冷却介质进行发电。 The hot air as the heating medium, room temperature water as the cooling medium for power generation. 将热空气通入加热槽7中,空气在流动过程中散发出热量,加热槽7的壁面吸收这些热量后,将它传递到半导体温差发电模块6的热面,半导体温差发电模块6的热面会将热量传递到冷面,冷面将热量传递给冷却槽5的壁面,冷却槽5中通入的冷却介质会通过流动将这些热量带走,使冷面保持一个相对较低的温度,这样在半导体温差发电模块6的两个端面就形成了一个较大的温差。 After the hot air into the heating chamber 7, air is circulated in the flow during the heat, heating the wall surface of the groove 7 absorb heat, it is transmitted to the hot surface of the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module 6, the hot face of the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module 6 will transferring heat to the cold, cold heat transfer to the wall surface of the cooling tank 5, a cooling tank 5 into the cooling medium will be carried away by the flow of heat, so that a cold kept relatively low temperature, so that Thermoelectric power generation module 6 of the two end faces is formed a large temperature difference. 由于塞贝尔效应,半导体模块就会产生电势差。 Seibel effect since the semiconductor module will generate a potential difference. 通过电路将此电势差输出即可作为电源。 By this potential difference circuit to output as the power source. 通过将很多对半导体温差发电模块6串联起来,就可得到足够高的电压,成为一个温差发电机。 By many semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module 6 connected in series, it is possible to obtain a sufficiently high voltage, becomes a thermoelectric generator. 本装置可利用气态或者液态介质所携带的热量直接发电,既可以对工业企业生产过程中产生的气态、液态产物余热进行回收并发电,本发明是一种全固态能量转换方式,直接将热能转化为电能,具有在发电过程中无噪音、无磨损、无介质泄漏、体积小、重量轻、移动方便、使用寿命长的特点;装置结构筒单, 便于加工,利用工业余热发电,可降低企业能耗,符合国家产业政策,易于推广应用。 This device may utilize a gaseous or liquid heat medium is directly carried power, it can be recovered either gaseous, liquid product waste heat generated in the process of industrial production and power generation, the present invention is a solid-state energy conversion method, conversion of thermal energy directly electrical energy, having no noise during power generation, no wear, no leakage of the medium, small size, light weight, easy to move, and long service life; means a single tube structure, ease of processing, utilization of industrial waste heat power generation, can be reduced enterprise consumption, in line with national industrial policy, easy application.

Claims (4)

1、一种板式半导体温差发电装置,其特征是包括半导体温差发电模块、加热槽、冷却槽、紧固夹板,所述加热槽和冷却槽交叉排列,半导体温差发电模块夹在两个相邻的不同槽中间,其中冷却槽紧贴半导体温差发电模块的冷面,加热槽紧贴半导体温差发电模块的热面。 A plate type semiconductor thermoelectric power generation unit, wherein the module includes a semiconductor thermoelectric power generation, heating tank, a cooling tank, the tightening clamp, the heating and cooling grooves intersected groove, semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module interposed between two adjacent different intermediate grooves, wherein the cooling channel semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module against cold, hot surface heating tank close to the semiconductor thermoelectric power generation module.
2、 根据权力要求1所述的板式半导体温差发电装置,其特征在于所述加热槽、半导体温差发电模块、冷却槽的组合结构为一组或多组。 2, according to the power requirements of the semiconductor plate thermoelectric power generation device of claim 1, wherein said heating tank, thermoelectric power generation combined structure of the semiconductor module, the cooling bath is one or more groups.
3、 根据权力要求1或2所述的任一种板式半导体温差发电装置,其特征在于所述紧固夹板为绝热材料,位于装置两侧,夹板上用螺栓将加热槽、冷却槽以及半导体温差发电模块紧压在一起,使相互之间紧密贴合。 3. A plate according to any of the claims semiconductor thermoelectric power generation device of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that said tightening clamp of insulating material, means located on both sides, the bolt of the heating bath, the temperature difference between the cooling tank and a semiconductor with the splint power generation module pressed together to make close contact with each other.
4、 根据权力要求1或2所述的任一种板式半导体温差发电装置,其特征在于所述加热槽和冷却槽采用金属材料制成。 4. A plate according to any of the claims semiconductor thermoelectric power generation device of claim 12, wherein said heating tank and the cooling tank made of metal materials.

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101825409A (en) * 2010-04-06 2010-09-08 华南理工大学 Plate-type heat exchanger with power generation structure
CN102853494A (en) * 2012-09-17 2013-01-02 西安工程大学 Evaporation cooling air conditioning system capable of providing electric energy by using industrial exhaust heat
CN102853494B (en) 2012-09-17 2014-10-29 西安工程大学 Industrial Waste provide power evaporative cooling system

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