CN201226020Y - System for on-line monitoring transmission and distribution line operation - Google Patents

System for on-line monitoring transmission and distribution line operation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201226020Y
CN201226020Y CNU2008200253522U CN200820025352U CN201226020Y CN 201226020 Y CN201226020 Y CN 201226020Y CN U2008200253522 U CNU2008200253522 U CN U2008200253522U CN 200820025352 U CN200820025352 U CN 200820025352U CN 201226020 Y CN201226020 Y CN 201226020Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
computer
line
fault
monitoring system
switch
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CNU2008200253522U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
代永胜
孙立刚
孙黎新
杨增银
涛 王
军 赵
马广俊
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孙黎新;赵 军
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Priority to CNU2008200253522U priority Critical patent/CN201226020Y/en
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Publication of CN201226020Y publication Critical patent/CN201226020Y/en

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    • Y02B60/50

Abstract

The utility model relates to a power electric line running online monitoring system. The technical scheme thereof is as follows: the power electric line running online monitoring system consists of a computer, a receiving-transmitting switch, an infrared sensor, a camera, a data processing module, a communicating module and a power source; after the infrared sensor senses abnormity, the data processing module gives out a command for opening the camera and automatically transmitting a field video menu and then the computer gives out a sound warning to remind the personnel on duty; a line fault detecting terminal is arranged on the electric line; after the line fault detecting terminal detects the electric line to have a short circuit failure, a grounding fault or a disconnection fault, the information is remotely transmitted to an indoor receiving switch through a wireless communicating module and the switch sends the information to the computer and then gives out a sound warning. The power electric line running online monitoring system has the beneficial effects of lightening the working intensity of the working personnel, shortening the power-off time, reducing the power consumption loss, improving the reliability on power supply and simultaneously having an excellent anti-theft effect.

Description

输配电线路运行在线监测系统 Transmission and distribution lines run on-line monitoring system

一、 技术领域: First, the technical field:

本实用新型涉及一种电力监控系统,特别是涉及一种输配电线路运行在线监测系统。 The present invention relates to a power monitoring system, particularly to a power transmission and distribution lines running line monitoring system.

二、 背景技术: Second, the technical background:

目前电力线路常常由于天气、设备及外力破坏等原因发生接地、过流、速断等故障, 致使局部地区的停电,并给客户造成一定的损失;另外分布广、距离长、设备老化、沿线地形复杂等因素,也使得线路在发生故障后査找比较困难。 Currently power lines often due to weather, equipment and external causes of destruction occurred grounding, over-current, quick-break failure, resulting in power outages in some areas, and give the customer cause some loss; another wide distribution, long distance, aging equipment, along the complex terrain and other factors, but also makes more difficult to find the line after a failure. 另外,因高压输电线路的塔材盗窃比较容易,致使一些不法分子疯狂盗割,这巳严重影响了电网的安全稳定运行和正常的供用电秩序,并且经常导致触电伤亡事故发生,目前,有条件的地区已布设摄像头监控系统,起到了较好的防盗效果,但是对于线路故障,则查找比较困难。 In addition, due to the high voltage transmission line tower timber theft is relatively easy, causing some criminals crazy Daoge, which Pat seriously affected the safe and stable operation of the power grid for electricity and normal order, and often result in electric shock casualties, at present, there are local conditions have been laid camera monitoring system, anti-theft played a good effect, but for the line fault, it looks more difficult.

三、 发明内容: III SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

本实用新型的目的就是针对现有技术存在的上述缺陷,提供一种输配电线路运行在线监测系统,能最大限度的防止杆塔被盗现象的发生,并在第一时间组织处理各类线路故障。 The object of the present invention is for the above-described drawbacks of the prior art, there is provided a transmission and distribution lines running line monitoring system, to maximize prevent theft phenomenon tower, and various types of tissue processing in the first time line fault .

其技术方案是:包括计算机、接收发射交换机、红外传感器、摄像头、数据处理模块、 通讯模块和电源组成,所述的红外传感器感应到异常后,将由数据处理模块发出指令,开启摄像头主动向计算机传递现场视频画面,由计算机发出声音报警提醒值班人员;其改进之处是在输配电线路上设有线路故障检测终端,所述的线路故障检测终端检测到输配电线路出现短路故障、接地故障或断线故障后,通过无线通讯模块,将信息远传至室内接收交换机,交换机将信息发到计算机后发出声音报警。 The technical scheme is: a computer, receives the transmission switches, infrared sensors, cameras, data processing module, communication module and a power supply consisting of the infrared sensor senses the abnormality, by the data processing module instructs the camera is turned active to the computer for transmission live video picture, sound alarm alert issued by the attendant computer; the improvement is provided in the transmission and distribution line fault detecting terminal wire path, the fault detection circuit detects the terminal transmission and distribution line short-circuit fault, ground fault, or after disconnection fault via the wireless communication module, the received information to the indoor remote switch, the switch will send information to a computer sound alarm.

其中,所述的线路故障检测终端由高频信号发生器、藕合器、空心线圈、电容器及电子开关构成,其中高颇信号发生器是由普通的文氏桥振荡器和放大器构成,高频信号发生器发出一定频率的高频信号,使线路工作于谐振状态,通过藕合器可以检测出电压的变化, 该变化量使电子开关动作,接通指示设备。 Wherein said fault detection circuit is constituted by a high-frequency signal generator terminals, coupler, hollow coil, a capacitor and an electronic switch, which is quite high signal generator is comprised by a common Wien bridge oscillator and an amplifier, high frequency a frequency signal generator emits high-frequency signal, so that the line work in the resonant state can be detected by a change in voltage coupling, the amount of change in the operation of the electronic switch, a pointing device is turned on.

另外,所述的通讯模块采用CDMA/GPRS通讯。 Further, the communication module uses CDMA / GPRS communications.

本实用新型的有益效果是: 一方面极大的减轻了工作人员的劳动强度,縮短了停电时间,减少用电损失,提高供电可靠性,提高作业自动化、信息化水平,为电力线路的安全、 经济运行保驾护航,另一方面能有效防止输电线路塔材的丢失,避免因铁塔倒塌造成的供电中断。 The utility model has the beneficial effects: on the one hand greatly reduces the labor intensity of staff, reducing outage time, reduce electricity losses, improve power supply reliability, improve operational automation, the level of information security for the power line, economy escort, on the other hand can effectively prevent the loss of the transmission line tower material, towers collapsed due to avoid supply disruptions caused.

四、 附图说明: IV BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:

附图1为本实用新型的远程控制部分示意图; 附图2为本实用新型的现场执行部分示意图;附图3为本实用新型的线路故障检测终端的电路图; Figure 1 of the present invention remote control schematic section; Fig. 2 of the present invention performs a partial schematic view field; circuit diagram of a novel fault detection circuit terminal 3 of the present drawings and practical;

上图中:l-计算机,2-系统应用软件,3-接收发射交换机,4-摄像头,5-红外传感器, 6-线路故障检测终端,7-视频监测模块,8-数据处理模块,9-通讯模块,10-电源。 Figure above: l- computer system application software 2-, 3- receiving transmit switch, 4 cameras, infrared sensors 5-, 6-, line fault detection terminal, the video monitoring module 7-, 8- data processing module, 9- communications module, 10 power supply. 五、具体实施方式: V. DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

结合附图1-3,对本实用新型作进一步的描述: 1-3 in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, a further description of the present invention as:

其技术方案是:包括计算机l、系统应用软件2、接收发射交换机3、红外传感器5、 The technical scheme is: L comprising a computer, application software 2, the switch 3 receives the transmission, the infrared sensor 5,

摄像头4、线路故障检测终端6、视频监测模块7、数据处理模块8、通讯模块9和电源10 组成,所述的红外传感器5感应到异常后,将由数据处理模块8发出指令,开启摄像头4 主动向计算机l传递现场视频画面,由计算机发出声音报警提醒值班人员,上述都是普通现有技术,不再详细描述。 After the camera 4, line fault detection terminal 6, the video monitoring module 7, a data processing module 8, the communication module 9 and a power supply 10 composed of the infrared sensor 5 senses the abnormality, by the data processing module 8 issues an instruction to open the camera 4 Active live video picture is transmitted to the computer L, the alarm sounds alert staff on duty by a computer, the above-described prior art are common, not described in detail. 其改进之处是在输配电线路上设有线路故障检测终端6,参照附图3,所述的线路故障检测终端6检测到输配电线路出现短路故障、接地故障或断线故障后,通过无线通讯模块9,将信息远传至室内接收交换机3,交换机将信息发到计算机l 后发出声音报警。 The improvement is provided in the line fault detection terminal distribution wire 6 on the way, with reference to FIG. 3, the fault detection circuit 6 detects the terminal after the transmission and distribution line short-circuit fault, ground fault or a disconnection fault, by wireless communication module 9, the information to the remote switch receiving chamber 3, the switch will send information to the computer after the alarm sounds l.

其中,所述的线路故障检测终端6由高频信号发生器a、藕合器b、空心线圈c、 d、 电容器e及电子开关f构成,其中高颇信号发生器a是由普通的文氏桥振荡器和放大器构成,高频信号发生器a发出一定频率的高频信号,使线路g工作于谐振状态,通过藕合器b可以检测出电压的变化,该变化量使电子开关f动作,接通指示设备,大大提高单相接地故障检测准确性。 Wherein said fault detection circuit terminal 6, the hollow coil c, d, e, and electronic switch f capacitor is constituted by a high frequency signal generator, coupler b, where a high signal generator is quite conventional venturi bridge amplifiers and oscillators, high frequency signal generator emits a frequency signal of a certain frequency, so that the working line g in the resonant state, b coupler can be detected by a change in voltage, the change amount f so that the electronic switching operation, a pointing device is turned on, greatly improve the accuracy of the single-phase ground fault detection.

线路g发生断线故障时,故障检测终端6发出一个故障信号,使电子开关f动作,通过无线通讯模块9,将信息远传至室内接收交换机3,交换机将信息发到计算机1后发出声音报警。 G the line disconnection fault occurs, the fault detection terminal 6 sends a fault signal to the electronic switch operation f, through the wireless communication module 9, the information to the remote switch receiving chamber 3, the switch will send information to a computer giving an audible alarm . 特别适合于低压电网的防盗报警。 Burglar alarm is particularly suitable for low-voltage grid.

另外,所述的通讯模块9采用CDMA/GPRS通讯,不受地点限制,可靠性高,设备体积小,安装容易,防盗性好。 Further, the communication module 9 uses CDMA / GPRS communications, regardless of location, high reliability, the equipment is small, easy to install, and good security. 电源模块10采用免维护自充电电池,使用寿命长;现场监测终端采用工业级设计,防雷、防电磁干扰,适合野外露天无人的环境。 Since the power supply module 10 maintenance-free rechargeable batteries, long life; site terminal monitoring industrial grade design, lightning, electromagnetic interference, no suitable open field environment.

本实用新型红外、摄像和线路故障检测多种监测手段并用,并采用人工智能图像处理, 可靠性高,误报率低,且摄像头自动红外照明,分辨力不受光线强弱影响,另外,可以用曲线显示线路电流、温度变化,可记录并指示出连续发生的故障。 IR present invention, line fault detection and imaging methods and with a variety of monitoring, use of artificial intelligence and image processing, high reliability, low false alarm rate, and an infrared camera automatic lighting, resolution from the influence of light intensity, addition, graphically display the line current, temperature changes, may be recorded and indicates continued malfunction.

Claims (3)

1、一种输配电线路运行在线监测系统,包括计算机(1)、接收发射交换机(3)、红外传感器(5)、摄像头(4)、数据处理模块(8)、通讯模块(9)和电源(10)组成,所述的红外传感器(5)感应到异常后,将由数据处理模块(8)发出指令,开启摄像头(4)主动向计算机(1)传递现场视频画面,由计算机发出声音报警提醒值班人员,其特征是:输配电线路上设有线路故障检测终端(6),所述的线路故障检测终端(6)检测到输配电线路出现短路故障、接地故障或断线故障后,通过无线通讯模块(9),将信息远传至室内接收交换机(3),交换机将信息发到计算机(1)后发出声音报警。 A transmission and distribution lines running line monitoring system, comprising a computer (1), receiving a transmission switch (3), an infrared sensor (5), a camera (4), data processing module (8), communication module (9) and after the power supply (10), with said infrared sensor (5) senses the abnormality, by the data processing module (8) issues an instruction to open the camera (4) is active to the computer (1) transmitting live video picture, sound an alarm by the computer alert staff on duty, characterized in that: the electric wire distribution line fault detection circuit is provided with a terminal (6), said fault detection line terminal (6) detects the transmission and distribution line short-circuit fault, ground fault or a disconnection fault, through the wireless communication module (9), the received information to the indoor remote switch (3), to send information to the computer the switch giving an audible alarm (1).
2、 根据权利要求1所述的输配电线路运行在线监测系统,其特征是:所述的线路故障检测终端(6)由高频信号发生器(a)、藕合器(b)、空心线圈(c、 d)、电容器(e)及电子开关(f)构成,其中高颇信号发生器(a)是由普通的文氏桥振荡器和放大器构成,高频信号发生器(a)发出一定频率的高频信号,使线路(g)工作于谐振状态,通过藕合器(b)可以检测出电压的变化,该变化量使电子开关(f)动作,接通指示设备。 2. The monitoring system as claimed in claim online operation of the transmission and distribution lines 1, wherein: said fault detection line terminal (6) by a high frequency signal generator (A), coupler (B), hollow coils (c, d), capacitors (e) and the electronic switch (f) configuration, wherein the signal generator is quite high (a) is constituted by a common Wien bridge oscillator and an amplifier, high frequency signal generator which (a) a high frequency signal of a certain frequency, so that the line (g) operating in a resonant state can be detected by a change in the voltage of the coupler (B), the amount of change of the electronic switches (f) operation, a pointing device is turned on.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的输配电线路运行在线监测系统,其特征是:所述的通讯模块(9)采用CDMA/GPRS通讯。 3, transmission and distribution lines according to claim 1 operation online monitoring system, characterized in that: said communication module (9) using CDMA / GPRS communications.
CNU2008200253522U 2008-06-19 2008-06-19 System for on-line monitoring transmission and distribution line operation CN201226020Y (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101894437A (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-24 上海悦太电子有限公司 High-voltage electronic pulse type detector
CN102111014A (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-29 上海科能电气科技有限公司 Comprehensive monitoring system of distributed power transmission lines
CN103675595A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-03-26 广州兴森快捷电路科技有限公司 Short circuit detecting method for inner-layer circuit and outer-layer circuit of circuit board
CN104007362A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-08-27 国家电网公司 Pole and tower power transmission line fault indicator
CN104755946A (en) * 2012-09-15 2015-07-01 沙特阿拉伯石油公司 Gsm/gprs system to detect and locate high impedance faults on medium voltage distribution networks in high resistivity areas
CN104950856A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 华北水利水电大学 Reservoir dispatching management system considering river ecological demands
CN107064735A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 武汉绿源楚能电网技术有限公司 A kind of transmission line malfunction Visualized Monitoring System and method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101894437A (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-24 上海悦太电子有限公司 High-voltage electronic pulse type detector
CN102111014A (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-29 上海科能电气科技有限公司 Comprehensive monitoring system of distributed power transmission lines
CN104755946A (en) * 2012-09-15 2015-07-01 沙特阿拉伯石油公司 Gsm/gprs system to detect and locate high impedance faults on medium voltage distribution networks in high resistivity areas
CN104755946B (en) * 2012-09-15 2017-06-06 沙特阿拉伯石油公司 For the GSM/GPRS systems of the online high impedance fault of the medium-voltage distribution in the area for detecting and being positioned at high resistivity
CN103675595A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-03-26 广州兴森快捷电路科技有限公司 Short circuit detecting method for inner-layer circuit and outer-layer circuit of circuit board
CN104007362A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-08-27 国家电网公司 Pole and tower power transmission line fault indicator
CN104950856A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-30 华北水利水电大学 Reservoir dispatching management system considering river ecological demands
CN107064735A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 武汉绿源楚能电网技术有限公司 A kind of transmission line malfunction Visualized Monitoring System and method

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