CN102111014A - Comprehensive monitoring system of distributed power transmission lines - Google Patents

Comprehensive monitoring system of distributed power transmission lines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102111014A
CN102111014A CN2009102599153A CN200910259915A CN102111014A CN 102111014 A CN102111014 A CN 102111014A CN 2009102599153 A CN2009102599153 A CN 2009102599153A CN 200910259915 A CN200910259915 A CN 200910259915A CN 102111014 A CN102111014 A CN 102111014A
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monitoring
sensor
terminal
monitoring terminal
connected
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CN2009102599153A
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Chinese (zh)
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余康华
江秀臣
贾林壮
高翔
黄峥
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上海科能电气科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2009102599153A priority Critical patent/CN102111014A/en
Publication of CN102111014A publication Critical patent/CN102111014A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/50Systems or methods supporting the power network operation or management, involving a certain degree of interaction with the load-side end user applications
    • Y04S10/54Management of operational aspects

Abstract

The invention relates to a comprehensive monitoring system of distributed power transmission lines, which comprises a camera, a sensor, terminal devices, a communication managing machine and a monitoring server, wherein the terminal devices comprise a micro-meteorological monitoring terminal, an insulator monitoring terminal, a conducting wire monitoring terminal and a video monitoring terminal; the communication managing machine is provided with a wireless communication module; the sensor is respectively connected with the micro-meteorological monitoring terminal, the insulator monitoring terminal and the conducting wire monitoring terminal; the camera is connected with the video monitoring terminal; the micro-meteorological monitoring terminal, the insulator monitoring terminal and the conducting wire monitoring terminal are connected with the communication managing machine through a wireless network; and the video monitoring terminal is connected with the communication managing machine through Ethernet; and the communication managing machine is connected with the monitoring server through a GPRS (general packet radio service) or 3G (third generation) network. Compared with the prior art, the comprehensive monitoring system has the advantages of strong reliability and the like.

Description

一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统 A distributed transmission line integrated monitoring system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种输电线路综合监控系统,尤其是涉及一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to an integrated system for monitoring transmission lines, and more particularly to a system for integrated monitoring of distributed transmission line.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前所有的架空输电线路综合监控系统的设计结构都是集中式,即所有种类的传感器引出信号线都集中连接到一个负责数据采集、处理及通讯的智能装置。 [0002] The current design of the structure of all the integrated monitoring system for overhead transmission lines are centralized, i.e. all kind of sensor signal lead lines are connected to a centralized intelligent device is responsible for data acquisition, processing and communication.

[0003] 这种集中式的系统结构一方面对于现场工程安装造成不便。 [0003] This centralized system architecture on the one hand for on-site installation inconvenience. 因为各传感器测量位置比较分散,最远距离达二十多米,安装时各传感器引出信号线绕杆塔到装置的布线增加了安装工作量。 Since each sensor measures the scattered positions, the maximum distance of more than twenty meters, each sensor signal lead wound into a wiring apparatus tower installation increases the installation work. 另一方面集中式降低了系统测量及通讯的可靠性。 On the other hand reduce the reliability of a centralized system for measuring and communication. 传感器引出信号线过长,信号衰减造成测量误差;而集中式智能装置成为系统瓶颈,如果运行故障则所有测量数据将无法发送至监控服务器。 A sensor signal lead line is too long, resulting in signal attenuation measurement error; the centralized intelligent devices become the system bottleneck, operational failure if all the measured data can not be sent to the monitoring server.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的就是为了克服上述现有技术存在的缺陷而提供一种可靠性高的分布式输电线路综合监控系统。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks existing in the prior art and to provide a highly reliable monitoring system integrated distributed transmission line.

[0005] 本发明的目的可以通过以下技术方案来实现: [0005] The object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solution:

[0006] 一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,该系统包括摄像头、传感器、终端设备、通讯管理机、监控服务器,所述的终端设备包括微气象监测终端、绝缘子监测终端、 导线监测终端、视频监控终端,所述的通讯管理机设有无线通讯模块,所述的传感器分别与微气象监测终端、绝缘子监测终端、导线监测终端连接,所述的摄像头与视频监控终端连接,所述的微气象监测终端、绝缘子监测终端、导线监测终端通过无线网络与通讯管理机连接,所述的视频监控终端通过以太网与通讯管理机连接,所述的通讯管理机通过GPRS或3G 网络与监控服务器连接。 [0006] A distributed monitoring system integrated transmission line, characterized in that the system includes a camera, a sensor, a terminal device, communication manager, monitoring server, the terminal apparatus includes a micro meteorological monitoring terminal, the monitoring terminal insulators, conductors monitoring terminal, a video monitor terminal, the communication manager module is provided with wireless communication, the sensors are connected to the micro-meteorological monitoring terminal, the monitoring terminal insulator, conductor terminal monitoring said monitoring camera connected to the video terminal, the micro-described weather monitoring terminal, the monitoring terminal insulators, conductors and monitoring communication terminal through a wireless network connection management unit, the video surveillance terminal connected via Ethernet communication manager, said communications manager via GPRS or 3G network with monitor server connection.

[0007] 所述的传感器包括微气象传感器、绝缘子监测传感器、导线监测类传感器,所述的微气象传感器与微气象监测终端连接,所述的绝缘子监测传感器与绝缘子监测终端连接, 所述的导线监测类传感器与导线监测终端连接。 [0007] The sensor comprises a micro meteorological sensor, insulators monitoring sensor, the monitoring wire type sensor, said sensor Micrometeorological micro meteorological monitoring terminal connected to said insulator and insulator monitoring sensor monitoring terminal connected to a wire monitor class monitoring sensor connected to the wire terminal.

[0008] 所述的通讯管理机为双机热备份配置。 Communication management unit [0008] for the hot backup configuration.

[0009] 所述的微气象传感器包括气温传感器、湿度传感器、气压传感器、风速传感器、风向传感器、雨量传感器、日照辐射传感器。 [0009] The sensor comprises a microclimate air temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, atmospheric pressure sensor, wind speed sensor, wind direction sensor, rain sensor, solar radiation sensor.

[0010] 所述的绝缘子监测传感器包括绝缘子分布电压传感器、泄漏电流传感器、张力传感器、倾角传感器。 [0010] The insulator of the insulator distributed monitoring sensor comprises a voltage sensor, a current leakage sensor, a tension sensor, inclination sensor.

[0011] 所述的导线监测类传感器包括导线温度传感器、罗氏线圈。 [0011] The wire comprises a wire type sensors monitoring a temperature sensor, a Rogowski coil.

[0012] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点: [0012] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0013] 1、传感器就近接入终端装置,降低了工程安装工作量的同时尽可能地减小了传感器输出信号的衰减;[0014] 2、系统总体成本分散于各终端装置与通讯管理机,通讯管理机双机热备份可在系统总成本极小上升的情况下大幅提高整个系统的可靠性,其可靠性的提高体现在两个方 [0013] 1, the access terminal near the sensor means, while reducing the installation work as much as possible to reduce the attenuation of the sensor output signal; [0014] 2, the overall system cost and dispersed in each terminal device communication manager, communication manager hot backup can significantly improve overall system reliability in case of a very small increase in total system cost, improved reliability is reflected in both directions

[0015] 1)其中一台通讯管理机故障时整个系统仍能正常工作; [0015] 1) the system can work normally when communication manager wherein a fault;

[0016] 2)其中一台终端装置故障时不会影响到其它类型的数据发送到监控服务器。 [0016] 2) which it does not affect the terminal apparatus when a fault to other types of data sent to the monitoring server.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1为本发明一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration ISCS one kind of distributed transmission line of the present invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0018] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明进行详细说明。 Drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail [0018] below in conjunction.

[0019] 实施例 [0019] Example

[0020] 如图1所示,一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,主要由微气象传感器2、摄像头4、绝缘子监测传感器6、导线监测类传感器8组成传感器层;由微气象监测终端1、视频监控终端3、绝缘子监测终端5、导线监测终端7组成终端装置层;由主机备机两台通讯管理机组成通讯管理层。 [0020] As shown, an integrated distributed transmission line monitoring system 1 mainly by the micro meteorological sensors 2, camera 4, sensor monitoring insulator 6, 8 wire type sensor monitoring sensor layers; meteorological monitoring terminal 1 by the microcontroller, video surveillance terminal 3, the monitoring terminal insulator 5, the terminal 7 consisting of terminal wires monitoring device layer; prepared by the host machine composed of two communication management communications manager.

[0021] 各终端设备的功能设计根据传感器就近安装需要而确定。 [0021] The function of each terminal device determines the design of the sensor as close as necessary. 微气象监测终端1对微气象传感器2输出的气温、湿度、气压、风速、风向、雨量、日照辐射等信号进行数据采集,处理,存储。 Temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed, wind direction, precipitation, solar radiation and other one pair of the signal output from the micro-micro meteorological monitoring meteorological sensor terminal data acquisition, processing, storage. 视频监控终端3对摄像头4输出的视频信号进行编码处理,并能控制摄像机云台动作。 Video monitoring terminal 3 of the video signal output from the camera 4 performs encoding processing, and can control operation of the PTZ camera. 绝缘子监测终端5对绝缘子监测传感器6输出的绝缘子分布电压、泄漏电流、张力、 倾角等信号采集,处理,存储。 5 pairs of insulators Insulators monitoring output terminal insulator sensor 6 monitoring the distribution voltage, leakage current, tension, tilt signal acquisition, processing, storage. 导线监测终端7对导线监测类传感器8输出的导线温度、导线电流信号采集,处理,存储。 8 wire conductor temperature monitor class output from the sensor 7 monitoring terminal pair of wires, the wire current signal acquisition, processing, storage.

[0022] 视频监控终端3通过以太网连接线9接入通讯管理机10,其余各终端装置与通讯管理机10在现场组成一个短距离无线网络,无线网络基于Zigbee标准设计。 [0022] Video surveillance terminal 3 via an Ethernet cable 9 access communication manager 10, and the remaining terminal devices in the field communication management unit 10 composed of a short-range wireless network, a wireless network based on the Zigbee standard design. 通讯管理机10带有GPRS或3G工业级无线通讯模块,实现与监控服务器11的数据通讯。 Communication manager 10 with industrial GPRS or 3G wireless communication module, the monitoring server 11 of the data communication. 终端装置完成数据采集,处理之后经以太网或短距离无线网络发送至通讯管理机10,通讯管理机10则通过GPRS或3G公共移动通信网将数据发送至监控服务器11 ;监控服务器11的查询或控制命令传输途径则正好与之相反。 Terminal data acquisition means, after the processing is sent to the communication manager 10, communications manager via Ethernet or short range wireless network 10 through 3G or GPRS public mobile communications network to send data to the monitoring server 11; Querying the server 11 or control command transmission path is just the opposite.

[0023] 通讯管理机10在现场配置为双机模式,通过短距离无线通讯实现相互监视。 [0023] In the field communication management unit 10 is configured to dual-mode, with each other via short-range wireless communications monitoring. 主机监测到备机故障时即向监控服务器11发出报警信息,而备机监测主机故障时首先接管系统所有的通讯任务,然后立即向监控服务器11发出报警信息。 Host namely monitoring equipment to malfunction when the monitor alarm information server 11, and the first to take over all communication tasks preparation machine monitoring system host failure, then immediately send alarm information to the monitoring server 11.

Claims (6)

1. 一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,该系统包括摄像头、传感器、终端设备、通讯管理机、监控服务器,所述的终端设备包括微气象监测终端、绝缘子监测终端、导线监测终端、视频监控终端,所述的通讯管理机设有无线通讯模块,所述的传感器分别与微气象监测终端、绝缘子监测终端、导线监测终端连接,所述的摄像头与视频监控终端连接, 所述的微气象监测终端、绝缘子监测终端、导线监测终端通过无线网络与通讯管理机连接, 所述的视频监控终端通过以太网与通讯管理机连接,所述的通讯管理机通过GPRS或3G网络与监控服务器连接。 1. A comprehensive monitoring system of distributed transmission line, characterized in that the system includes a camera, a sensor, a terminal device, communication manager, monitoring server, the terminal apparatus includes a micro meteorological monitoring terminals, insulators monitoring terminal, the monitoring wire terminal, a video monitor terminal, the communication manager module is provided with wireless communication, the sensors are micro meteorological monitoring terminal, the monitoring terminal insulators, conductors connected to the monitoring terminal, the monitoring camera connected to the video terminal, the microclimate monitoring terminal, the monitoring terminal insulators, conductors and monitoring communication terminal through a wireless network connection management unit, the video surveillance terminal connected via Ethernet communication manager, said communications manager via GPRS or 3G network and the monitoring server connection.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,所述的传感器包括微气象传感器、绝缘子监测传感器、导线监测类传感器,所述的微气象传感器与微气象监测终端连接,所述的绝缘子监测传感器与绝缘子监测终端连接,所述的导线监测类传感器与导线监测终端连接。 The comprehensive monitoring system according to a distributed transmission line 1 as claimed in claim, wherein said sensor comprises a micro meteorological sensor, insulators monitoring sensor, the monitoring wire type sensor, said sensor Micrometeorological Micrometeorology monitoring terminal connected to said insulator and insulator monitoring sensor monitoring terminal connected to a wire-based monitoring sensor connected to the monitoring terminal leads.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,所述的通讯管理机为双机热备份配置。 A comprehensive monitoring system of the distributed transmission line according to claim 1, wherein said communications manager for the hot backup configuration.
4.根据权利要求2所述的一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,所述的微气象传感器包括气温传感器、湿度传感器、气压传感器、风速传感器、风向传感器、雨量传感器、日照辐射传感器。 The comprehensive monitoring system of a distributed transmission line according to claim 2, wherein said sensor comprises a microclimate air temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, atmospheric pressure sensor, wind speed sensor, wind direction sensor, rain sensor, solar radiation sensor.
5.根据权利要求2所述的一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,所述的绝缘子监测传感器包括绝缘子分布电压传感器、泄漏电流传感器、张力传感器、倾角传感器。 The comprehensive monitoring system according to a distributed transmission line as claimed in claim wherein, said insulator comprising insulator distributed monitoring sensor voltage sensor, a current leakage sensor, a tension sensor, inclination sensor.
6.根据权利要求2所述的一种分布式输电线路综合监控系统,其特征在于,所述的导线监测类传感器包括导线温度传感器、罗氏线圈。 The comprehensive monitoring system according to a distributed transmission line as claimed in claim, wherein said conductor comprises a wire type of sensor to monitor a temperature sensor, a Rogowski coil.
CN2009102599153A 2009-12-23 2009-12-23 Comprehensive monitoring system of distributed power transmission lines CN102111014A (en)

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CN102435229A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-05-02 陕西省电力公司陕西电力超高压运行公司 3G (3rd Generation) network-based environmental defilement monitoring and line insulation analyzing system
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CN102810909B (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-08-20 天津大学 Energy management method capable of matching distributed power sources with loads
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CN104457894A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-25 苏州赛智达智能科技有限公司 Liquid level meter used for solution high in heat consumption
CN104457894B (en) * 2014-11-25 2018-04-17 苏州赛智达智能科技有限公司 The liquid level gauge of the solution big for heat dissipation
CN107144374A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-09-08 国网山东省电力公司东营市东营区供电公司 A kind of power line temperature monitoring system
CN109030925A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-18 国网冀北电力有限公司唐山供电公司 A kind of three-core cable phase current wireless supervisory control system

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