CN201207910Y - Biomass energy direct-combustion gasification tobacco leaf baking device - Google Patents

Biomass energy direct-combustion gasification tobacco leaf baking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201207910Y
CN201207910Y CNU2008200813261U CN200820081326U CN201207910Y CN 201207910 Y CN201207910 Y CN 201207910Y CN U2008200813261 U CNU2008200813261 U CN U2008200813261U CN 200820081326 U CN200820081326 U CN 200820081326U CN 201207910 Y CN201207910 Y CN 201207910Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bunker
charge
fire bars
combustion chamber
fuel
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2008200813261U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡正达
王文红
张辉
廖学理
陈坤祥
Original Assignee
昆明电研新能源科技开发有限公司
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Priority to CNU2008200813261U priority Critical patent/CN201207910Y/en
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Publication of CN201207910Y publication Critical patent/CN201207910Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tobacco baking device with direct combustion and gasification of biomass energy. A fuel gasifying chamber at the upper part of the furnace is combined with a fuel bunker into a whole, a hopper door which can be overturned is installed at the top of the fuel bunker, grate bars which can be overturned are arranged at the lower part of the fuel bunker, and a drawer type ash bucket is arranged in an ash bin below the grate bars; the fuel bunker is communicated with a combustion chamber at the rear lower part of the furnace, and a gas outlet pipe at the rear end of the combustion chamber is connected with the gas inlet connector of a heat exchanger installed in a tobacco baking house; the baking method of the tobacco baking device is different from the baking method adopting coal as the raw material to be directly combusted to provide heat energy, so as to solve the problem of heat energy supply of the prior distributed tobacco baking house; the thermal efficiency can reach 65 percent; the tobacco baking device has the advantages that the energy can be saved, the environment can be protected, and the fuel is varied; the maintenance and the operation are simple, and the required operating personnel are few; various biomass energies and coal can be used as the fuel, and waste tobacco stalk in fields can also be utilized.

Description

Biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device.

Background technology

From the organizational form of present whole leaf tobacco production, remaining with the peasant household is that base unit carries out.This mode of production has following several tangible drawbacks usually: the one, be unfavorable for the enforcement of technological progress; The 2nd, the leaf tobacco production process is random big, and quality of tobacco is difficult to guarantee; The 3rd, the economic benefit instability, and be difficult to have a more substantial increase.

Existing baking technology is done directly burning of raw material with coal, and the thermal efficiency is low, and heat energy loss is many, and energy resource consumption is big, and the labour intensity height is seriously polluted, at above deficiency prior art is innovated.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device, by fuel gas hot-blast stove and heat exchanger being made up and being innovated, its structure, form form with reference to the technical flow design of novel baking tobacco leaves and the structural theory innovative development of being correlated with on traditional baking tobacco leaves principle basis.It applies to the special place of tobacco business, can change the mode of traditional baking tobacco leaves, and can improve the baking quality of tobacco leaf and reduce labour intensity, be a kind ofly can control automatically, raw material is wide, the tobacco flue-curing equipment of energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Advantage of the present utility model and good effect are as follows:

1, it is different from and traditional does directly the burn roasting mode of supply heat energy of raw material with coal, can solve the energy supply that has the distributing tobacco flue-curing house now;

2, the thermal efficiency of traditional baking tobacco leaves is utilized as 30%, and the equipment that the utility model proposes now can reach 65% thermal efficiency utilization;

3, have characteristics such as energy-conserving and environment-protective and fuel diversity;

4, maintenance operation is simple, and action required personnel are few;

5, fuel diversity, various biomass energies and coal all can be used as fuel, also can utilize the discarded tobacco rod in big field.

The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device, mainly comprise members such as fuel gas hot-blast stove, vaporizer, combustion chamber, fire bars, ash bucket, heat exchanger, it is characterized in that: the fuel gasification chamber and the Bunker of upper of furnace body are combined as a whole, the feed bin door that can overturn is equipped with at the Bunker top, turnover fire bars is arranged at the Bunker bottom, is provided with the drawer type ash bucket in the grey storehouse under the fire bars; Described Bunker communicates with the combustion chamber of stove rear lower, and the escape pipe of rear end, combustion chamber joins with the heat exchanger intake interface that is installed in the tobacco flue-curing house.

Separated two Bunkers of formation by the dividing plate of a setting in the above-mentioned body of heater, the feed bin door that can overturn is arranged respectively at each Bunker top, turnover fire bars is arranged at the bottom, the axle of fire bars leads to outer end, body of heater both sides respectively, on the axle of one of them fire bars a crank is arranged, connect by a link gear between two parallel fire bars, the fire bars bottom is provided with grey storehouse, the inside, ash storehouse has a drawer type to connect ash bucket respectively, and the body of heater middle part above ash bucket once air distribution adjusting mouth communicates with Bunker.

Above-mentioned body of heater front end has the interlayer of putting into aerofoil in one, the air intake plate that can regulate intake is installed in air inlet, the one secondary air mouth that communicates with Bunker of row is arranged at the bottom of air intake plate, and air inlet communicates with Bunker by two air inlets of the inner.

There is a rectangle hole that communicates with Bunker and combustion chamber above-mentioned lower end, body of heater middle part.

Above-mentioned top of combustion chamber has six sight thermal transfers to save mouth, and two sides respectively have a secondary air distribution to regulate mouth, below this air distribution adjusting mouth a fan shoot door is arranged respectively, and the rear end, combustion chamber is square bucket type structure, and end has an escape pipe that joins with heat exchanger.

Above-mentioned burner escape pipe is responsible for the air inlet of heat exchanger by ring flange and is communicated with, heat exchanger comprises the air inlet person in charge, three middle trunk lines that exhaust is responsible for and is arranged between them, wherein air inlet be responsible for first in the middle of the person in charge be in charge of by the six roots of sensation and be communicated with, be responsible in the middle of first to be in charge of with the person in charge in the middle of next root by the six roots of sensation again and link to each other, second trunk line also is in charge of with the person in charge in the middle of the 3rd by the six roots of sensation and is communicated with, be responsible in the middle of the 3rd to be in charge of with the exhaust person in charge by the six roots of sensation again and be communicated with, like this connection formations " M " type structure of arranging successively, the exhaust that is positioned at the rear end are responsible for by pipeline and are connected to tobacco flue-curing house exhaust duct outward and are communicated with one.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the front schematic view of stalk gasifier in the utility model.

Fig. 2 is the side schematic view of stalk gasifier in the utility model.

Fig. 3 is the C-C cross-sectional view among Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device overall structure schematic diagram that provides according to the utility model.

The specific embodiment

Operation principle: the biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device that the utility model provides, stalk gasifier produces fuel gas, fuel gas burns in the combustion chamber of body of heater rear end, through pipeline heat is delivered to heat exchanger, tail gas is got rid of by blast pipe, its heat is sent to the flue-cured tobacco chamber through heat exchanger, and the required temperature and humidity of flue-cured tobacco is regulated by auto-controller again in the flue-cured tobacco chamber.Open the reaction door of upper of furnace body, fuel joins the vaporizer of fuel gas hot-blast stove, on fire bars, carry out hypoxia response, generation contains the fuel gas of compositions such as carbon monoxide, methane, hydrogen, react the back lime-ash on the fire bars and fallen the grey storehouse of body of heater bottom, be provided with drawer type in the ash storehouse and connect ash bucket, extraction connects ash bucket and can remove lime-ash.

Fuel carries out hypoxia response on fire bars, generation contains the fuel gas of compositions such as carbon monoxide, methane, hydrogen, its gas production is regulated by the air inlet of body of heater front portion, promptly by regulating the size of air inlet bore, the fuel gas of output is in the combustion chambers burn of stove rear lower, the high-temperature gas that produces enters into heat exchanger by pipeline, tail gas is evacuated to blast pipe through air-introduced machine and discharges, the heat that is provided is regulated by the auto-controller of tobacco flue-curing house configuration, satisfies the required temperature and humidity of baking tobacco leaves to reach.

Connected mode: two Bunkers 2 are arranged in the body of heater, the feed bin door 5 that can overturn is arranged at Bunker top, two Bunkers are separated by a dividing plate, the middle and lower part of Bunker has the turnover fire bars 15 of twice respectively, the axle of fire bars leads to outer end, body of heater both sides respectively, there is a link gear 11 to connect between two parallel fire bars, on the axle of one of them fire bars a crank 6 is arranged, the fire bars bottom is provided with grey storehouse 1, the inside, ash storehouse has a drawer type to connect ash bucket 14 respectively, body of heater above ash bucket middle part has two air distributions to regulate mouthfuls 3 to communicate with Bunker, be used to regulate the interior hypoxia response of body of heater.The body of heater front end has an interlayer, and there are two air intake plates 12 that can regulate intake interlayer the inner, and row's secondary air mouth 13 is arranged at the inner bottom of interlayer, communicates with two Bunkers respectively, and two air inlets that communicate with Bunker 4 are arranged at the inner top of interlayer.There is a rectangle hole 7 lower end, body of heater middle part, and this rectangle hole communicates with Bunker and combustion chamber, and top of combustion chamber has six to see thermal transfer joint mouth 16.The two sides, combustion chamber respectively have a secondary air distribution to regulate mouth 10, the air distribution amount of oxygen when being used to regulate gas fuel burning.The secondary air distribution is regulated a mouthful below respectively a fan shoot door 9, the rear end, combustion chamber is square bucket type structure, escape pipe 8 of terminal welding, burner escape pipe 8 is responsible for the air inlet of heat exchanger by ring flange 19 and is communicated with, the body of heater whole interior all has the thick refractory cement layer of 3cm, tail gas is evacuated to blast pipe 17 through air-introduced machine 18 and discharges, and the heat that is provided is regulated by the auto-controller 21 of tobacco flue-curing house configuration, satisfies the required temperature and humidity of baking tobacco leaves to reach.

The overall structure of heat exchanger is " M " type, comprise the air inlet person in charge, three middle trunk lines that exhaust is responsible for and is arranged between them, wherein air inlet be responsible for first in the middle of the person in charge be in charge of by the six roots of sensation and be communicated with, be responsible in the middle of first to be in charge of with the person in charge in the middle of next root by the six roots of sensation again and link to each other, second trunk line also is in charge of with the person in charge in the middle of the 3rd by the six roots of sensation and is communicated with, be responsible in the middle of the 3rd to be in charge of with the exhaust person in charge by the six roots of sensation again and be communicated with, like this connection formations " M " type heat exchanger structure of arranging successively, the exhaust that is positioned at the rear end are responsible for to go up and are welded one and leads to outdoor exhaust duct 17.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device, mainly comprise members such as fuel gas hot-blast stove, vaporizer, combustion chamber, fire bars, ash bucket, heat exchanger, it is characterized in that: the fuel gasification chamber and the Bunker of upper of furnace body are combined as a whole, the feed bin door that can overturn is equipped with at the Bunker top, turnover fire bars is arranged at the Bunker bottom, is provided with the drawer type ash bucket in the grey storehouse under the fire bars; Described Bunker communicates with the combustion chamber of stove rear lower, and the escape pipe of rear end, combustion chamber joins with the heat exchanger intake interface that is installed in the tobacco flue-curing house.
2, biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: separated two Bunkers of formation by the dividing plate of a setting in the body of heater, the feed bin door that can overturn is arranged respectively at each Bunker top, turnover fire bars is arranged at the bottom, the axle of fire bars leads to outer end, body of heater both sides respectively and connects, on the axle of one of them fire bars a crank is arranged, connect by a link gear between two parallel fire bars, the fire bars bottom is provided with grey storehouse, the inside, ash storehouse has a drawer type to connect ash bucket respectively, and the body of heater middle part above ash bucket once air distribution adjusting mouth communicates with Bunker.
3, biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the body of heater front end has the interlayer of putting into aerofoil in one, the air intake plate that can regulate intake is installed in air inlet, the one secondary air mouth that communicates with Bunker of row is arranged at the bottom of air intake plate, and air inlet communicates with Bunker by two air inlets of the inner.
4, biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is a rectangle hole that communicates with Bunker and combustion chamber lower end, body of heater middle part.
5, biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: top of combustion chamber has six to see thermal transfer joint mouth, two sides respectively have a secondary air distribution to regulate mouth, this air distribution is regulated a mouthful below respectively a fan shoot door, the rear end, combustion chamber is square bucket type structure, and end has an escape pipe that joins with heat exchanger.
6, biomass energy direct combustion gasification baking tobacco leaves device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the burner escape pipe is responsible for the air inlet of heat exchanger by ring flange and is communicated with, heat exchanger comprises the air inlet person in charge, three middle trunk lines that exhaust is responsible for and is arranged between them, wherein air inlet be responsible for first in the middle of the person in charge be in charge of by the six roots of sensation and be communicated with, be responsible in the middle of first to be in charge of with the person in charge in the middle of next root by the six roots of sensation again and link to each other, second trunk line also is in charge of with the person in charge in the middle of the 3rd by the six roots of sensation and is communicated with, be responsible in the middle of the 3rd to be in charge of with the exhaust person in charge by the six roots of sensation again and be communicated with, like this connection formations " M " type structure of arranging successively, the exhaust that is positioned at the rear end are responsible for by pipeline and are connected to tobacco flue-curing house exhaust duct outward and are communicated with one.
CNU2008200813261U 2008-06-10 2008-06-10 Biomass energy direct-combustion gasification tobacco leaf baking device CN201207910Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200813261U CN201207910Y (en) 2008-06-10 2008-06-10 Biomass energy direct-combustion gasification tobacco leaf baking device

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101793433A (en) * 2010-03-17 2010-08-04 郴州自然人热能设备有限公司 Hot-air air conditioner using biomass fuel
CN102125292A (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-07-20 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Method for performing constant-temperature flexible air separation after drying leaf silk airflow
CN102640976A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-22 刘善华 Combined combustion energy conversion flue-cured tobacco furnace
CN101731731B (en) * 2009-11-10 2012-09-05 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Method for reducing energy consumption for pneumatic drying of cut tobacco
CN102878793A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-01-16 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Assistant biomass heat source for solar drier and intelligent regulation and control device
CN105520185A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-27 长沙鑫迪电子科技有限公司 Tobacco leaf baking equipment

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101731731B (en) * 2009-11-10 2012-09-05 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Method for reducing energy consumption for pneumatic drying of cut tobacco
CN101793433A (en) * 2010-03-17 2010-08-04 郴州自然人热能设备有限公司 Hot-air air conditioner using biomass fuel
CN102125292A (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-07-20 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Method for performing constant-temperature flexible air separation after drying leaf silk airflow
CN102640976A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-22 刘善华 Combined combustion energy conversion flue-cured tobacco furnace
CN102878793A (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-01-16 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Assistant biomass heat source for solar drier and intelligent regulation and control device
CN102878793B (en) * 2012-09-12 2014-09-24 四川南充首创科技开发有限公司 Assistant biomass heat source for solar drier and intelligent regulation and control device
CN105520185A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-27 长沙鑫迪电子科技有限公司 Tobacco leaf baking equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090318

Termination date: 20160610

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee