CN1976740B - Devices, systems and methods for emergency descent from a height - Google Patents

Devices, systems and methods for emergency descent from a height Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1976740B
CN1976740B CN2005800126723A CN200580012672A CN1976740B CN 1976740 B CN1976740 B CN 1976740B CN 2005800126723 A CN2005800126723 A CN 2005800126723A CN 200580012672 A CN200580012672 A CN 200580012672A CN 1976740 B CN1976740 B CN 1976740B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
retainer
supporting rope
descender
fixator
mesospheres
Prior art date
Application number
CN2005800126723A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1976740A (en
Inventor
A·菲希尔
J·B·科利斯卡克
R·G·雷诺兹
T·W·埃克
Original Assignee
矿井安全装置公司
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Publication date
Priority to US56588504P priority Critical
Priority to US60/565,885 priority
Application filed by 矿井安全装置公司 filed Critical 矿井安全装置公司
Priority to PCT/US2005/014399 priority patent/WO2005105217A1/en
Publication of CN1976740A publication Critical patent/CN1976740A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1976740B publication Critical patent/CN1976740B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B35/00Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion
    • A62B35/04Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion incorporating energy absorbing means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B1/00Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
    • A62B1/06Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like by making use of rope-lowering devices
    • A62B1/14Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like by making use of rope-lowering devices with brakes sliding on the rope
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B29/00Apparatus for mountaineering
    • A63B29/02Mountain guy-ropes or accessories, e.g. avalanche ropes; Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried, e.g. snow-buried, persons

Abstract

An integral rescue device preferably worn by a firefighter that includes a shock absorbing descender attached to the rescue device, a support line passing through the shock absorbing descender, an anchor connection attached to an end of the support line in the vicinity of the shock absorbing descender, and an assembly for holding the support line. The assembly preferably includes a plurality of holders in which intermediate loops of the support line are retained near the terminus of each of the intermediate loops. In a preferred embodiment, the shock absorbing descender is attached to a waist belt of a self-contained breathing apparatus carrier with a support line passing through the shock absorbing descender, an anchor connection attached to an end of the support line in the vicinity of the shock absorbing descender, and an assembly for holding the support line.

Description

Be used for device, system and method from the eminence emergency descent

Related application

The application requires U.S. Provisional Application No60/565 that on April 28th, 2004 was submitted to, and 885 have priority, its incorporated herein by reference it.

Technical field

The present invention generally relates to device, the system and method that is used for from the eminence emergency descent, relates in particular to device, the system and method from the eminence decline escape that use for the fire fighter.

Background technology

The exterior protection clothes (being commonly referred to the responding harness) of worn by firefighters typically comprise loose upper garment and trousers, and they have outer and strippable liner.Skin is made by heat-resisting, fire-resistant, wear-resisting and waterproof materials.The fire fighter is also wearing other protectiveness harness, comprises the helmet, muffler and air bottle, the part of the self contained typically breathing equipment of air bottle (SCBA).

When executing the task, the fire fighter often enters the building that is burning, and comprises multilayer or high-rise building.Need to the fire fighter be equipped with can from eminence (as from the roof or window) equipment of escape.If there is not such survival equipment, be trapped in the fire fighter of the above eminence in ground, must find suitable escape point and wait for that the companion sets up ladder and flees from injury.

The coat of worn by firefighters has included braces, but such braces is not enough to provide escape and rescue from eminence usually.Recently, U.S. Patent No. 6,487,725 have disclosed a kind of braces assembly 16 for fire fighter's use, and it has the one whole supporting rope 20 that can be used for from the eminence escape.The sort of braces assembly comprises the harness body with first and second ends and the hollow interior of receivability supporting rope.Supporting rope has first and second ends that stretch out from harness body.Most of supporting rope (it is preferably shaped to the shape of bandlet) is to be placed in the chamber or title sleeve pipe of a plurality of length that are provided with on the harness body with a kind of shaft-like instrument.Several circles of receivability supporting rope in each chamber.It is said, the supporting rope branch is packed into can reduce the possibility that supporting rope tangles, reverses or ties a knot in the sack of a series of monomers or the chamber, and supporting rope can easily come out from harness body lira.Can go out first end of supporting rope and supporting rope is stretched out from it from braces lira.Second end of supporting rope is fixed on the braces releasedly.

Provide from the system and the device of eminence escape and use although done many trials, but still improved device, system and method need be provided, so that escape from eminence for fire fighter and other staff.

Summary of the invention

Generally speaking, the invention provides a kind of individual emergency escape or decline system that comprises goods that are available for users to wear, it comprises: one is connected the impact absorption descender on the described goods, a supporting rope that passes described impact absorption descender, near a grappling connector and an assembly that is used to keep described supporting rope that is connected in first end of described supporting rope described impact absorption descender; Wherein, described assembly comprises a plurality of retainers, and a plurality of mesospheres of described supporting rope remain in the described retainer in the end near each described mesosphere.

Be used to keep the assembly of supporting rope can adopt any form, comprise U.S. Patent No. 6,487, those forms shown in 725, content this paper of its announcement quotes it.

In one embodiment, this assembly comprises a plurality of retainers, and a plurality of mesospheres of supporting rope are fixed in these retainers in the end near each mesosphere.This assembly can comprise for example first group of retainer and second group of retainer, and wherein each group retainer comprises at least two retainers.First mesosphere of supporting rope can be passed first retainer of first group of retainer.With the cast formula of elongating, be generally U-shaped supporting rope is converted into circle then.Second mesosphere that on supporting rope, be shaped, and make this circle pass first retainer of second group of retainer.The cast formula that is generally U-shaped with elongation oppositely is converted into circle to supporting rope then.Make supporting rope form the 3rd mesosphere and make this circle pass second retainer of first group of retainer.The form of U-shaped circle with elongation is converted into circle to supporting rope then.And make supporting rope form the 4th mesosphere and make this circle pass second retainer of second group of retainer.Can repeat this packing or claim the maintenance form up to the supporting rope of Len req is remained in this assembly.

This assembly also can comprise first fixator and second fixator.First fixator comprises the material of first segment length that is connected in this assembly, and this section material is configured to intert those mesospheres of each retainer of passing first group of retainer.Second fixator comprises the material of second segment length that is connected in this assembly, and this section material is configured to intert those mesospheres of each retainer of passing second group of retainer.Supporting rope can be operably connected to each first retainer and second retainer, the feasible power that puts on first end of supporting rope can make first fixator withdraw from from each mesosphere that passes first group of retainer, and second fixator is withdrawed from from each mesosphere that passes second group of retainer.After those mesospheres withdrawed from, the power that further puts on first end of supporting rope can make those mesospheres withdraw from from each retainer of first group of retainer and second group of retainer at first fixator and second fixator.

Second end of supporting rope is not attached to the assembly that is used to keep supporting rope.Preferably, near the supporting rope termination knot that is shaped its second end, this termination knot can prevent that second end of supporting rope is by the impact absorption descender.Termination knot can be for example can disposable release, so that supporting rope can pass the impact absorption descender and make supporting rope operationally break away from the impact absorption descender.Disposable release like this can for example be issued in the load effect.In one embodiment, the jacket that is shaped at least a portion of the knotted section of the termination knot of supporting rope makes that must pull down this jacket earlier could discharge termination knot then.This jacket can comprise a kind of shrink wrapped.In case termination knot has discharged, just can not be connected to supporting rope on the impact absorption descender again.

The impact absorption descender comprises a descender device and an impact-absorbing element.In one embodiment, the descender device is a plate, and this plate is connected on the goods of user's dress by impact-absorbing element, and impact-absorbing element comprises one section tensile material, and this section material can absorb energy when for example beginning to descend.Preferably, make the tensile material of this section intert a pair of ring and turning back and be stacked on himself, and be stitched together with peelable suture way.This peelable stitching can become can be torn under the effect of certain power and absorbed energy, and that a pair of ring is configured to be out of shape under the effect of certain power and absorbs energy.Various descender devices be can adopt, the flat board, pipe in groups and the frictional disk that have the hole comprised.

Supporting rope is to make with the material of fire-resistant heat resistanceheat resistant.In one embodiment, supporting rope is made by the KEVLER material.Supporting rope can be configured as for example shape of flat band.

In another embodiment, with exercisable connected mode at least one indicant is set on supporting rope, wherein, the expansion of supporting rope can make indicant that easy perceptible variation is arranged.Indicant can be the label on part that surrounds supporting rope for example.

On the other hand, the invention provides a kind of rescue clothes that are available for users to wear, it comprises the impact absorption descender, the supporting rope that passes the impact absorption descender that are connected in the rescue clothes, is connected in grappling connector and an assembly that is used to keep supporting rope of first end of supporting rope near the impact absorption descender.Second end of supporting rope does not connect this assembly, and near the supporting rope termination knot that is shaped its second end, and this termination knot can prevent that second end of supporting rope is by the descender device.As mentioned above, termination knot can so that supporting rope can pass descender, and operationally be broken away from the descender device thus by disposable release.

On the other hand, the invention provides a kind of self contained breathing equipment carrier, it comprises a waistband, is operably connected to the impact absorption descender of described waistband, one pass the supporting rope of described impact absorption descender, near described impact absorption descender, be connected in the grappling connector of first end of described supporting rope and the assembly that is used to keep described supporting rope; Wherein, described assembly comprises a plurality of retainers, and a plurality of mesospheres of described supporting rope remain in described each retainer in the end near each described mesosphere.

Brief Description Of Drawings

Figure 1A to 1F shows an embodiment of emergency descent of the present invention system, and it is designed to may be employed in the SCBA carrier or connects thereon.

Fig. 2 A to 2H shows supporting rope folding is packed in the support line pad of system of Figure 1A to 1F.

Fig. 3 A to 3H shows the connection of the system of Figure 1A to 1F to the SCBA carrier.

Situation when Fig. 4 shows emergency descent of the present invention system and worn together by companion SCBA carrier.

Fig. 5 A to 5G shows another embodiment of emergency descent device of the present invention, and it is designed to may be employed in the SCBA carrier or connects thereon.

Fig. 6 A to 6B shows a preferred embodiment that is used in the impact absorption descender in system of the present invention and the device.

The specific embodiment

Generally speaking, the invention provides a kind of individual emergency escape or decline system, it can be for example becomes one with fire fighter's existing harness.In one embodiment, this emergency descent of the present invention system is integrated on the SCBA carrier, such as AIRFRAME TMThe SCBA carrier or the VULCAN of trade mark TMThe SCBA carrier of trade mark, they can obtain from the Mine SafetyAppliances Company in Pennsylvania, America Pittsburgh city.Emergency descent of the present invention system can be the user a kind of means from the position escape that raises is provided.Launch escape system when typically, system of the present invention can be used as all other escape options and all used up.Although will be at be used in the representative embodiment that decline of the present invention system is discussed in the SCBA carrier as a lumbar pad, those skilled in the art that can understand, and system of the present invention is easy to adopt in other equipment or clothes.

Figure 1A to Fig. 1 F shows each parts of an embodiment of decline system of the present invention 10 (for example, seeing the system that assembles 10 of Fig. 2 H), and it can be integrated in the SCBA carrier as lumbar pad.Decline system 10 comprises waistband 100 (seeing Figure 1A), support line storage/lumbar spacer assembly 200 (seeing Figure 1B) and cover 300 (seeing Fig. 1 C).Waistband 100 comprise a descender device that operationally links to each other with it or or fasten rope thing 110, the supporting rope or the rope 120 that claims to descend pass wherein.Descender device 110 is connected in waistband 100 by impact-absorbing element 112, and element 112 can comprise for example a pair of round or the ring-shaped material that gets up by sewn closed.Supporting rope 120 best long enoughs are to allow the place decline from very high (for example, 50 to 75 feet high).In general, preferably with flat strip or webbing band as supporting rope 120, so that enough intensity to be provided, make size that the folding dress gets up and gross weight simultaneously for minimum.Supporting rope 120 also must can bear quite high temperature.The E.I.du Pont de Nemours and Company company that a kind of material that is applicable to supporting rope 120 is for example Delaware, USA Wilmington city Be a kind of polymeric material, it comprises the long strand of phenyl terephthalate (polyparaphenyleneterephthalamide) being produced with poly-.This strand is a high orientation, has firm interchain key, and it has unique combination property.Be easy to buy suitable strip or ribbon-like fibre fabric on the market.

Supporting rope 120 comprises that one is connected first end 122 on the lock ring 130 by knot 124.Supporting rope 120 after passing descender device 110 preferably with freely or claim the second disconnected end 126 to stop.Thus, second end 126 is not attached to other parts of waistband 100 or system 10.Near second end 126, the termination knot 128 (for example Slipped Clove Hitch) that is shaped prevents that with it second end 126 from passing descender device 110.

Waistband 100 comprises that also one is enclosed bundle to waistband 100 in user mechanism on one's body.In the embodiment shown in Figure 1A to 1F, this encloses bundle mechanism and comprises latch hook 140, and it can encircle 150 hooks with D shape, and D shape ring 150 preferably adjustable ground is connected on the waistband 100.

Waistband 100 passes the path 205 that is formed on the support line pad 200.Support line pad 200 is designed to be able to keep supporting rope 120, and this will describe in conjunction with Fig. 2 A to 2H below.In case supporting rope 120 is rolled over the support line pad 200 of packing into as following, just can be, all be positioned over removedly in the cover 300 that is roughly tubulose by the supporting rope 120 and the waistband 100 of its maintenance support line pad 200.(according to the orientation of Fig. 1 C) slips in the cover 300 from the right side waistband 100 and support line pad 200.The end of waistband 100 comprises D shape ring 150, passes the opening of cover 300 left ends.This opening is enough big, so that end of waistband 100 can pass therethrough, but is not must be enough to allow support line pad 200 to pass therethrough greatly.Support line pad 200 is fixed in the cover 300 by for example releasable closing means such as hasp 310.

For supporting rope 120 folding being packed into 200 li of support line pad, preferably earlier support line pad 200 is placed on the generally flat surface.Earlier supporting rope 120 is passed the distance of descender device 110 between descender device 110 and lock ring 130 and be about 6 inches.In several embodiments of the present invention, support line pad 200 is designed to be able to hold 50 feet or 75 feet long ropes (seeing for example Fig. 7 A and 7B, as described below).For 50 feet long ropes, at first locate one the 4th holding position or retainer 210 (counting-see for example Fig. 2 B) from the top row of retainer or the center of top group.Each retainer 210 is formed generally as to be sewed up of forming along a segment length that is connected in support line pad 200 strip material by the compartment of terrain and encloses or arc.Supporting rope 120 is placed on the support line pad 200 and the intermediate loop that is shaped at the 4th retainer 210 places of first group of retainer.Earlier the supporting rope 120 of looping is passed first spacer ferrule 220 (seeing Fig. 2 A) and pass common second spacer ferrule 222 (seeing Fig. 2 B) subsequently in central authorities.This mesosphere of supporting rope 120 is passed the 4th retainer 210, make the end of mesosphere pass retainer 210 outstanding about half inch (seeing for example Fig. 2 B).For 75 feet long ropes, this mesosphere of supporting rope 120 is passed first holding position or retainer 210 (seeing for example Fig. 7 B).Then supporting rope 120 is like that passed spacer ferrule 224 and spacer ferrule 226 in that side opposite with support line pad 200 shown in Fig. 2 C, form the U-shaped circle on the supporting rope 120.An end formed mesosphere of U-shaped circle on supporting rope 120 subsequently, and this mesosphere passed the retainer of for example orientating as near second group of retainer of first group of retainer 210 (seeing Fig. 2 C).Again, make this mesosphere pass retainer 210 and project to not a half inch.Then supporting rope 120 is passed spacer ferrule 220 and 222, and pass the next retainer 210 (that is the 5th retainer 210 of 50 feet ropes) of first group of retainer being formed in a mesosphere on the supporting rope 120.Then supporting rope 120 is passed spacer ferrule 224 and 226 conversely, and mesosphere is passed the 5th retainer 210 (for 50 feet ropes) of second group of retainer.Continue again to wear supporting rope 120 as described above, up to making all holding positions or retainer 210 all be taken (seeing Fig. 2 D) by mesosphere.On supporting rope 120, after last circle 120a of shaping (seeing Fig. 2 E), make to keep bar or be with 230 to pass therethrough.Then keeping bar 230 to pass each each half inch circle that is shaped as described above (seeing that Fig. 2 F is to 2G).Keep bar holding position or retainer 210 keeping bar 230 to pass then.In the normal use of system 10 (i.e. use except that being used for emergency descent), keep bar 230 to help to prevent that supporting rope 120 from coming out from retainer 210.When lock ring 130 is applied power with deploy support line 120, keep bar 230 from each adapter ring, to be pulled out.Each mesosphere is roughly one after the other pulled out from each retainer 210 then, and supporting rope 120 is extended, and supporting rope 120 can not tangle phenomenon simultaneously.

Can give supporting rope 120 hoop last tamper-evident caution labels 250 (seeing for example Fig. 1 E, 1F and 4).For example hook-shaped or loop fasteners or band are fastening descender device 110 usefulness then.At this moment, support line pad 200, all be to be inserted in 300 li in cover by the supporting rope 120 and the waistband 100 of its maintenance.Lock ring 130 can for example be positioned in the cover 300, and cover 300 is by for example several hasp 310 sealings.Supporting rope 120 of the present invention can roll over promptly as described above that dress gets up and needn't tool using.

Fig. 3 A to 3H shows the connection (seeing Fig. 5 E) of 10 pairs of SCBA carrier/harness 500 of system.For the existing SCBA carrier of system's 10 transformations/be connected in, AIRFRAME carrier such as the MineSafety Appliances Company company in Pennsylvania Pittsburgh city, as the lumbar pad (seeing Fig. 3 A and 3F) of revolving ring type, at first to take the drawstring that band is untied existing lumbar support liner from the right and left shoulders of carrier by each drawstring being compiled the friction buckles of inserting carrier.By each three post slide block of pulling down carrier from back board module each drawstring is untied from carrier then.Do not need to re-use waistband and the drawstring pulled down, because provide waistband and drawstring with system 10.Give system's 10 orientations then, make each circle 320 and three post slide blocks 330 on cover 300 outsides face revolving ring type lumbar pad 510.One end of revolving ring type lumbar pad 510 is passed the circle 320 (seeing Fig. 3 A) of cover 300 outsides.The central mobile of the circle 320 of outer slipcovers 300, up to enclosing 320 fastening (seeing Fig. 3 B) to second to revolving ring type lumbar pad 510.Then, as known in the art, by each three post slide block 330 is changeed an angle, they are passed each corresponding groove 520 (seeing Fig. 3 C) on the revolving ring type lumbar pad 510.Should confirm that each three post slide blocks, 330 complete seating is in revolving ring type lumbar pad 510 (seeing Fig. 3 D).Then by gather together each drawstring 340 compile and inserted each friction buckles 530, each drawstring 340 is installed in helping to shoulder heavy thing of carrier is with.Can be connected in lumbar pad standard or non-revolving ring type to system 10 in a similar fashion.After system 10 is connected on the SCBA carrier 500, can usually put on and take off the SCBA carrier, as shown in Figure 4 according to relevant service manual.

Fig. 5 A to 5G show the system 10 of an alternative embodiment of the invention ', it is similar to system 10 aspect a lot.System 10 ' the label of each parts be similar to the label of the corresponding component of system 10, just added " ' ".Although the KEVLAR band shows fabulous tensile strength and ultimate tensile strength, under big active force that sharply applies or impact force action, the KEVLAR band also can rupture as fragile material.Therefore, one of system 10 of the present invention ' comprise can absorb the descender that impacts, its can limit put on supporting rope 120 ' impulsive force (power that for example when beginning to descend, is subjected to).In the embodiment of Fig. 5 A to 5G, the impact absorption descender comprises: descender device 110 ' and, it is the plate with a plurality of holes preferably, supporting rope 120 ' pass wherein; Impact-absorbing element 112 ', its preferably include the stitching section 114 of a pair of ring 116 and " peelable " ', this stitching section is peelable or split when being subjected to impulsive force.Peelable sew up section 114 ' and a pair of ring 116 can absorb some impulsive force and prevent supporting rope 120 ' the damage of KAVLAR stripping.

As Fig. 6 A and 6B more clearly shown in, impact-absorbing element 112 ' preferably include one section band, it passes two rings 116 and self is folded into bilayer.In this section, peelable sew up section 114 ' with extendible member 112 ' two-layer being stitched together.Put on 110 ' time of descender device as rapid load or impulsive force, for example under situation about falling, peelable stitching section 114 ' begin to tear or split, and make extendible member 112 ' two-layerly begin to separate and its length obviously increases.In case stitching section 114 ' tear fully because a ring 116 is forced into another ring 116, is encircled 116 and is just further absorbed energy by distortion.System 10 ' normal use in; wish peelable stitching section 114 ' be kept perfectly; but wish it can with fall relevant impact force action under begin to tear or split absorbing some impulsive forces, exempt from damage so as to protection KAVLAR band supporting rope 120.The peelable section 114 ' can under the impact force action in 500 to 1000 pounds of scopes for example, begin to tear or split sewed up.Certainly, other impact-absorbing element, yarn or lacerable strip such as partly directed all can be used as the impact-absorbing element in the impact absorption descender of the present invention.

Shown in Fig. 5 A and 5B, for example, can supporting rope 120 ' at least a portion of termination knot on the cover that is shaped such as shrink wrap 128a '.Fig. 5 A show keeping 50 feet supporting ropes 120 ' support line pad 200 ', and Fig. 5 B shows and is keeping 75 feet supporting ropes 120 " support line pad 200 '.Also can supporting rope 120 ' second end or claim clearing end 126 ' be folded in from one's body, and the shrink wrap 126a ' that is shaped thereon is as cover.Can require thus with " double acting " or dual function allow supporting rope 120 ' second end 126 ' pass descender device 110 ', and make supporting rope 120 ' operationally break away from descender device 110 '.The user at first catches second end 126 ' and firmly open shrink wrap 128a '.Then the user can remove termination knot 128 '.Double action requires to help to guarantee termination knot 128 ' can unexpectedly do not untied or remove.

As described in above coupling system 10, also can give system 10 ' the last tamper-evident caution label 250 of supporting rope 120 ' hoop '.Also can give termination knot 128 ' add a tamper-evident caution label 252.Checking that fast supporting rope 120 ' it is out-of-date whether once to be unfolded, by checking label 250 ' and 252 ' can obtain confirming.Thus, must tear initiation or tear tamper-evident caution label 250 ' and 252 ' (it can be made by for example one section self adhesive material, with its hoop supporting rope 120 ' several sections on) could be supporting rope 120 ' expansion.If supporting rope 120 ' before be unfolded is preferably with its replacing.Thus, waistband 100, comprise impact-absorbing element 112 ' and descender device 110 ', and supporting rope 120 ', all can once launched the back replacing.More than explanation and accompanying drawing have been set forth of the present invention it seems at present and have been preferred several embodiment.According to above explanation, within the scope of the invention, for those skilled in the art that, various modification, interpolation and replacement design are conspicuous.Scope of the present invention is limited by following claims rather than above-mentioned explanation.Fall in the implication of claims and the equivalency range change and change and all will be considered to belong within the scope of claims.

Claims (18)

1. an individual emergency escape or decline system that comprises goods that are available for users to wear, it comprises: one is connected the impact absorption descender on the described goods, a supporting rope that passes described impact absorption descender, near a grappling connector and an assembly that is used to keep described supporting rope that is connected in first end of described supporting rope described impact absorption descender; Wherein, described assembly comprises a plurality of retainers, and a plurality of mesospheres of described supporting rope remain in the described retainer in the end near each described mesosphere.
2. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 1 or decline system, it is characterized in that, described assembly comprises first group of retainer and second group of retainer, each group retainer comprises at least two retainers, first mesosphere of described supporting rope passes first retainer of described first group of retainer, and then, described supporting rope is looped into elongation, be generally the circle of U-shaped, second mesosphere of described supporting rope passes first retainer of described second group of retainer, then, described supporting rope is oppositely looped into elongation, be generally the circle of U-shaped, and the 3rd mesosphere of described supporting rope passes second retainer of described first group of retainer, then, described supporting rope is looped into elongation, be generally the circle of U-shaped, and the 4th mesosphere of described supporting rope passes second retainer of described second group of retainer.
3. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 2 or decline system, it is characterized in that, described assembly also comprises first fixator and second fixator, described first fixator comprises the material of first segment length that is connected in described assembly, this section material is constructed to be permeable to intert those mesospheres of each retainer of passing described first group of retainer, described second fixator comprises the material of second segment length that is connected in described assembly, and this section material is constructed to be permeable to intert those mesospheres of each retainer of passing described second group of retainer.
4. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 3 or decline system, it is characterized in that, described supporting rope is operably connected to described first fixator and described second fixator, the feasible power that is applied to described first end of described supporting rope can make described first fixator withdraw in those mesospheres that pass described first group of retainer, and described second fixator is withdrawn in those mesospheres that pass described second group of retainer.
5. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 4 or decline system, it is characterized in that, after described first fixator and described second fixator withdrew in described those mesospheres, the power that further puts on described first end of described supporting rope can make described those mesospheres each retainer from described first group of retainer and described second group of retainer withdraw.
6. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 1 or decline system, it is characterized in that, described impact absorption descender comprises a descender device and an impact-absorbing element, described descender device comprises a plate that a plurality of holes are arranged on it, described impact-absorbing element comprises the material of a segment elongation, this section material passes a pair of ring and turns back to be stacked on himself and with peelable suture way and is stitched together, described peelable stitching section can be torn under certain power effect and be absorbed energy, and described ring is constructed to be permeable to distortion and so as to absorbing energy.
7. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 6 or decline system, it is characterized in that, second end of described supporting rope is unconnected, and near the described supporting rope termination knot that is shaped described second end, this termination knot can prevent that described second end of described supporting rope is by described descender device.
8. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 7 or decline system is characterized in that, can untie described termination knot, so that described supporting rope can pass described descender, thereby operationally break away from described descender device.
9. individual emergency escape as claimed in claim 8 or decline system is characterized in that, the jacket that is shaped at least a portion of the knotted section of the described termination knot of described supporting rope makes that must pull down this jacket earlier just can untie described termination knot then.
10. self contained breathing equipment carrier, it comprises a waistband, is operably connected to the impact absorption descender of described waistband, one pass the supporting rope of described impact absorption descender, near described impact absorption descender, be connected in the grappling connector of first end of described supporting rope and the assembly that is used to keep described supporting rope;
Wherein, described assembly comprises a plurality of retainers, and a plurality of mesospheres of described supporting rope remain in described each retainer in the end near each described mesosphere.
11. the sort of carrier as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that, described assembly comprises first group of retainer and second group of retainer, each group retainer comprises at least two retainers, first mesosphere of described supporting rope passes first retainer of described first group of retainer, and then, described supporting rope is looped into elongation, be generally the circle of U-shaped, second mesosphere of described supporting rope passes first retainer of described second group of retainer, then, described supporting rope is oppositely looped into elongation, be generally the circle of U-shaped, and the 3rd mesosphere of described supporting rope passes second retainer of described first group of retainer, then, described supporting rope is looped into prolongation, be generally the circle of U-shaped, and the 4th mesosphere of described supporting rope passes second retainer of described second group of retainer.
12. carrier as claimed in claim 11, it is characterized in that, described assembly also comprises first fixator and second fixator, described first fixator comprises the material of first segment length that is connected in described assembly, this section material is constructed to be permeable to intert those mesospheres of each retainer of passing described first group of retainer, described second fixator comprises the material of second segment length that is connected in described assembly, and this section material is constructed to be permeable to intert those mesospheres of each retainer of passing described second group of retainer.
13. carrier as claimed in claim 12, it is characterized in that, described supporting rope is operably connected to described first fixator and described second fixator, the feasible power that is applied to described first end of described supporting rope can make described first fixator withdraw in those mesospheres that pass described first group of retainer, and described second fixator is withdrawn in those mesospheres that pass described second group of retainer.
14. carrier as claimed in claim 13, it is characterized in that, after described first fixator and described second fixator withdrew in described those mesospheres, the power that further puts on described first end of described supporting rope can make described those mesospheres each retainer from described first group of retainer and described second group of retainer withdraw.
15. carrier as claimed in claim 14, it is characterized in that, described impact absorption descender is connected in described waistband and comprises a descender device and an impact-absorbing element, described descender device comprises a plate that has a plurality of holes on it, and described impact-absorbing element comprises the material of a segment elongation, this section material interted a plurality of rings and turning back and is stacked in and himself goes up and be stitched together with peelable suture way, described peelable stylolitic structure becomes can be torn under the effect of certain power and absorbs energy, and described ring is constructed to be permeable to distortion and so as to absorbing energy.
16. carrier as claimed in claim 15, it is characterized in that, second end of described supporting rope is unconnected, and near the described supporting rope termination knot that is shaped described second end, and this termination knot can prevent that described second end of described supporting rope is by the descender device.
17. carrier as claimed in claim 16 is characterized in that, described termination knot can be untied, so that described supporting rope can pass described descender and make described supporting rope can operatively break away from described descender device.
18. carrier as claimed in claim 17 is characterized in that, the jacket that is shaped at least a portion of the knotted section of the described termination knot of described supporting rope makes that must pull down this jacket earlier just can untie described termination knot then.
CN2005800126723A 2004-04-28 2005-04-27 Devices, systems and methods for emergency descent from a height CN1976740B (en)

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US56588504P true 2004-04-28 2004-04-28
US60/565,885 2004-04-28
PCT/US2005/014399 WO2005105217A1 (en) 2004-04-28 2005-04-27 Devices, systems and methods for emergency descent from a height

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CN1976740B true CN1976740B (en) 2011-05-18

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EP (1) EP1740272B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1976740B (en)
AT (1) AT491500T (en)
AU (1) AU2005238078B2 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0510333A (en)
DE (1) DE602005025331D1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005105217A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200608723B (en)

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AU2005238078B2 (en) 2011-10-20
BRPI0510333A (en) 2007-10-23
US20060011415A1 (en) 2006-01-19
EP1740272A1 (en) 2007-01-10
AT491500T (en) 2011-01-15
EP1740272B1 (en) 2010-12-15
AU2005238078A1 (en) 2005-11-10
WO2005105217A1 (en) 2005-11-10
CN1976740A (en) 2007-06-06
DE602005025331D1 (en) 2011-01-27
ZA200608723B (en) 2008-05-28

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