CN1974974A - Internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall - Google Patents

Internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1974974A
CN1974974A CN 200610134043 CN200610134043A CN1974974A CN 1974974 A CN1974974 A CN 1974974A CN 200610134043 CN200610134043 CN 200610134043 CN 200610134043 A CN200610134043 A CN 200610134043A CN 1974974 A CN1974974 A CN 1974974A
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China
Prior art keywords
double
air
curtain wall
gear
exhaust
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CN 200610134043
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100575631C (en
Inventor
谢海状
佟克凡
高晓峰
王亚志
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Shenyang Yuanda Aluminium Industry Group Co Ltd
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Shenyang Yuanda Aluminium Industry Group Co Ltd
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Publication of CN1974974A publication Critical patent/CN1974974A/en
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Publication of CN100575631C publication Critical patent/CN100575631C/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to an internal and external double-circulation double-layer curtain wall. Every basic module of said curtain wall includes daylighting portion and ventilation device. The internal layer curtain wall bottom portion of said daylighting portion is equipped with air vent. It is characterized by that said ventilation device includes air intake mechanism and air exhaust mechanism, the air inlet of said air intake mechanism is communicated with outdoor space, and the air outlet of said air intake mechanism is positioned under the daylighting portion and is communicated with air spacing layer of daylightng portion, on the air inlet a stop valve is mounted; the air inlet of air exhaust mechanism is positioned over the daylighting portion and is communicated with air spacing layer of daylighting portion, the air outlet of air exhaust mechanism is communicated with outdoor space, on the air exhaust mechanism an air exhaust equipment is set.

Description

A kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building external envelope structure, promptly a kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall structure is a kind of curtain wall system that adopts two kinds of different draft types to realize interior circulation double-layer curtain wall and outer circulation double-layer curtain wall function simultaneously specifically.
Background technology
Along with fast development of Chinese economy and quickening of urbanization process, building curtain wall has obtained using widely.Especially the promulgation of country's " public building energy-saving design standard ", people more and more pay attention to building energy-saving, and a large amount of double-skin curtain wall constructions is applied on the peripheral structure of building.Interior circulation double-layer curtain wall utilizes exhaust equipment such as blower fan to carry out and outdoor ventilation in actual application, and outer curtain wall adopts fixed, can effectively prevent in the dust inlet chamber, for people provide a comfortable environment more.But because interior circulation double-layer curtain wall adopts blower fan to carry out forced ventilation, new wind difficult quality guarantee in the inlet chamber, and exhaust system will link to each other with the whole exhaust system of building, air inlet system will be provided with separately and the outdoor pipeline that is connected, increased cost, comparatively complexity is installed, and the machine that blows in for a long time also can bring noise and vibration.The outer circulation double-layer curtain wall is utilization air hot pressing principle and stack effect, allows in the ozone inlet chamber, and the while is discharged to the air of indoor dirt outdoor, can make the indoor moment keep with fresh air.But since the outer circulation double-layer curtain wall influenced by various factors when practical application bigger, as because the difference towards conditions such as, forms of building, the design parameters and the result of building ventilation can be mutually far short of what is expected; To different regions, different weather conditions, the structure design of curtain wall has bigger variation, makes the functional performance of curtain wall can not get guaranteeing.And because the profile gauge of outer circulation double-layer curtain wall is bigger, the member of application is more, so the manufacturing cost of curtain wall is higher, and also more complicated is installed.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall structure, circulation double-layer curtain wall and the existing shortcoming of outer circulation double-layer curtain wall in it can overcome, the functional performance of assurance curtain wall, improve the comfort level of indoor environment, make designs simplification simultaneously, reduce the energy consumption of building, save cost.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: each basic module of curtain wall all comprises daylighting part and ventilation installation, the internal layer curtain wall bottom that it is characterized in that the daylighting part is provided with blow vent, ventilation installation comprises admission gear and exhaust gear, the air inlet port of admission gear is connected with outdoor, the gas outlet is connected with the airspace layer of daylighting part, and stop valve is installed on the air inlet port; The air inlet port of gas exhaust piping is connected with the airspace layer of daylighting part, and the gas outlet is connected with outdoor, and exhaust gear is provided with exhaust equipment.
The air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear can with the upper and lower layout of daylighting part, also can be arranged in the side of daylighting part.If upper and lower layout, the air inlet port of admission gear be arranged on daylighting part below, the gas outlet of exhaust gear be arranged on daylighting part above, the air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear communicate with outdoor respectively, partition door with the indoor and outdoor air insulated is installed in the intermediate layer of admission gear and exhaust gear, and the partition door of admission gear is that the partition door of openable or admission gear and the partition door of exhaust gear are openable.
If the air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear are arranged in daylighting side partly, then the air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear can be located at the lateral longitudinal of daylighting part to arrangement, the air inlet port of admission gear is following, and the gas outlet of exhaust gear is last, between that tabula is installed is disconnected, at the air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear partition door is installed, wherein the partition door of admission gear is that openable or two partition doors all can be opened.
If at cold district, admission gear's air inlet port is set is made into thermal insulation door with heat insulating effect with the upper and lower partition door that is arranged on the exhaust gear gas outlet.
Owing to installed after the heat-insulation and heat-preservation door, the space of leaving air inlet port for is too small, so air inlet port can be connected with outdoor by the air vent on the transom.
Advantage of the present invention is: can adopt two kinds of draft types of nature and machinery, make indoor living and working environment and outdoor natural environment reach fusion.Because structure is simpler than outer circulation double-layer curtain wall, the intermediate air layer is thin, so the profile gauge can dwindle, reduces manufacturing cost, has improved the effective rate of utilization of coverage simultaneously again.When indoor new wind deficiency needs to ventilate, can directly open the twice thermal insulation door of blinds back, make in the direct inlet chamber of outdoor fresh air, realize natural ventilation.When needing to be incubated in the winter time, outside the close chamber with the indoor airflow pipeline that communicates on stop valve, and the thermal insulation door in the close chamber, utilize the greenhouse effect of hollow glass to improve indoor temperature, play energy-conservation effect, when needing air draft, open blower fan, discharge the air of indoor dirt, guarantee indoor comfortable environment.Because the present invention adopts double-skin curtain wall construction, has splendid thermal and insulating performance and sound insulation property, adopt mixed ventilation, ventilation speed can be regulated and control voluntarily, need not rely on air conditioning system, and it is more flexible to design and construct.So the advantage of circulation and outer circulation double-layer curtain wall can offer the better work living environment of people in the present invention had concurrently, was a kind of comprehensive double-circulating double-layer curtain wall.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the branch trrellis diagram that internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall ventilation installation of the present invention is arranged on daylighting part side.
Fig. 2 is that internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall ventilation installation of the present invention is arranged on the upper and lower branch trrellis diagram of daylighting part.
Fig. 3 is the front front view of a basic module among the embodiment 1 shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 4 is the back side front view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view among Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the B-B sectional view among Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the C-C sectional view among Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is the front view of a basic module among the embodiment 2 shown in the figure.
D-D sectional view among Fig. 9 Fig. 8.
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof.
See figures.1.and.2, each basic module of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall all comprises daylighting part a and ventilation installation b.Ventilation installation b comprises b1 of admission gear and exhaust gear b2.Can be as shown in Figure 1, the gas outlet of the air inlet port of the b1 of admission gear and exhaust gear b2 is arranged on the side of daylighting part a.Also can be as shown in Figure 2, the b1 of admission gear and air inlet port thereof are arranged on the downside of daylighting part a, and with exhaust gear b2 and gas outlet thereof be arranged on daylighting part a above.
Fig. 3-shown in Figure 7 is the concrete structure of embodiment 1 shown in Figure 1.A is the daylighting part among the figure, the blinds that is provided with before the side of daylighting part a is the gas outlet of the air inlet port of admission gear of ventilation installation b and exhaust gear.Curtain wall metal framework 1 is the bracing or strutting arrangement of whole baffle wall system, comprises the horizontal frame and the munnion of curtain wall, and daylighting part a and ventilation installation b are installed in the both sides of metal framework 1 respectively.Daylighting part glass outer curtain wall component 2 and inner layer glass curtain wall component 3 are installed in the inside and outside both sides of curtain wall metal framework 1.Constitute curtain wall airspace layer 20 between daylighting part glass outer curtain wall component 2 and the inner layer glass curtain wall component 3.Be provided with solar protection devices 5 in airspace layer 20, solar protection devices 5 can be made up of sun-shading louver or other abat vent.Bottom at daylighting part internal layer curtain wall component 3 has blow vent 18, is connected with indoor, can indoor air when ventilating mouthful discharge is outdoor thus.
The gas exhaust piping of exhaust gear b2 comprises pipeline 10 and pipeline 11, connects by exhaust equipment 4 between pipeline 10 and the pipeline 11.Exhaust equipment can be general exhaust plant such as exhaust fan or blower fan.Exhaust equipment 4 is according to the needs control opening and closing of indoor environment.The end of pipeline 10 is the air inlet port of gas exhaust piping, be located at daylighting part above, be connected with the airspace layer 20 of daylighting part.And the end of pipeline 11 is gas outlets of gas exhaust piping, is arranged on the top, side of daylighting part, is connected with outdoor.The air inlet pipeline of the b1 of admission gear comprises pipeline 7 and pipeline 9, between pipeline 7 and pipeline 9 stop valve 8 is installed.The end of pipeline 9 is the gas outlet of admission gear, be arranged on daylighting part below, be connected with the airspace layer 20 of daylighting part.The end of pipeline 7 is air inlet ports of admission gear, is arranged on the bottom, side of daylighting part, is connected with outdoor by air vent 25.For attractive in appearance and be convenient to maintenance, be provided with the door 17 that to open at the internal layer of ventilation installation.
On the basis of above-mentioned basic structure, present embodiment can have following expansion:
In order to keep apart inlet and outlet, avoid mixing with new wind from the air of the dirt of indoor eliminating, the partition 16 of air-isolation is set between the gas outlet of the air inlet port of admission gear and exhaust gear, and be provided with thermal insulation door 15 in the gas outlet of exhaust gear, air inlet port in admission gear is provided with the thermal insulation door 14 that can open, can improve the thermal and insulating performance of curtain wall integral body.In addition, thermal insulation door 14 can be opened, and can play to indoor new wind action is provided.In order further to improve the thermal and insulating performance of aeration portion, can keep internal layer and open door 17.Below thermal insulation door 14, be provided with transom 19, have ventilation opening 21 in the rear end of transom 19, communicate with outdoor, the lower end has ventilation opening 22, communicate with pipeline 7, the air that enters by blinds 12 enters into the pipeline 7 of air inlet mechanism through ventilation opening 21,22.Ventilation opening 21 and 22 can improve the ventilation of admission gear, realizes the more effective exchange of air thereby make whole air communication cross flowing in pipeline.
After ventilating blind 12, be provided with dustproof and insect guard system 13, to guarantee that entering into indoor air is clean ozone.
Described ventilation installation thermal insulation door 14 and 15 and internal layer open door 17 and can require open at any time to carry out ventilation according to indoor environment, all be ozone to guarantee the indoor moment.
Described solar protection devices 5 can be made up of sun-shading louver or other abat vents, can be made into manual as required or automatic system control, when outdoor radiation is very strong, can put down the direct projection that shading system keeps the sun off, but also can adopt intelligence control system, the angle of blinds is made corresponding variation along with the variation of outdoor light angle and intensity of illumination, make light through in the inlet chamber after the reflection of blinds, be mapped to and carry out diffuse reflection on the ceiling again, indoor natural illumination, the saves energy of providing is provided.
24 heat-energy recovering apparatus that are mounted in the exhaust gear gas outlet among the figure, it can be recycled the heat energy of discharging in the gas, reaches purpose of energy saving.
Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 are the concrete structure schematic diagrames of embodiments of the invention 2.
With reference to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the b1 of admission gear of visible ventilation installation be installed in daylighting part a below, the exhaust gear b2 of ventilation installation be installed in daylighting part a above.The air inlet port of admission gear is equipped with ventilating blind 12 outward, between air inlet pipeline 7 and air inlet pipeline 9, stop valve 8 is installed, the outlet side of pipeline 9 is connected with the airspace layer 20 of daylighting part by the ventilation opening of opening on the transom 19, and the thermal insulation door 14 that can open is arranged in installed inside.On the gas exhaust piping 10 and 11 of exhaust gear b2 exhaust plant 4 is installed, the exhaust opening of exhaust gear communicates with outdoor by blinds 23 back, and the exhaust opening 26 of the transom 27 of the air inlet port of exhaust gear by being located at layer top, daylighting part airspace is connected with daylighting airspace layer partly.15 is thermal insulation doors among the figure.In order further to improve insulation and appearance effect, also remain with in the inboard of thermal insulation door 14 and 15 and open door 17.
Circulation is achieved in that in the air-flow of the present invention
When indoor environment need be discharged dirty air, close stop valve 8, make outdoor air directly not enter into indoor or enter in the airspace layer 20, close thermal insulation door 14 simultaneously, open the exhaust equipment 4 at top, regulate exhaust air rate according to demand.At this moment, the air of indoor dirt will enter into the airspace layer 20 of daylighting part curtain wall along exhaust opening 18, driving downstream at exhaust equipment 4 enters in the air draft pipeline 10 along airspace layer 20, because air draft pipeline 10 is connected with air draft pipeline 11, under the driving of exhaust equipment 4, enter in the ventilation installation air draft pipeline 11, because air draft pipeline 11 directly is communicated with outdoor by blinds 23, dirty air is directly arranged to outdoor.Before the air discharge of indoor dirt is outdoor, add energy recycle device 24, make energy can carry out the secondary recovery utilization, thus energy conservation.Thermal insulation is opened door 14 and internal layer unlatching door 17 makes in the outdoor new wind inlet chamber by opening, and makes the air of indoor and outdoor obtain exchange, has so just realized the interior circulation of air-flow.
Air-flow outer circulation of the present invention is achieved in that
When sunlight direct projection daylighting in summer part glass outer curtain wall component 2, air themperature in the airspace layer 20 that is formed by daylighting part glass outer curtain wall component 2 and daylighting part inner layer glass curtain wall component 3 is sharply risen, obviously exceed outside air temperature, utilize the hot pressing principle and the greenhouse effect of air, air-flow in the airspace layer 20 upwards flows, enter in the daylighting part air draft pipeline 10 by air outlet, because daylighting part air draft pipeline 10 is communicated with ventilation installation air draft pipeline 11, and ventilation installation air draft pipeline 11 is communicated with outdoor, air-flow enters air draft pipeline 11 along air draft pipeline 10, is discharged to outdoor through energy recycle device 24 and blinds 23 again.At this moment, open stop valve 8, close thermal insulation and open door 14, make outdoor air enter into air pipeline 7 through the ventilation opening 21,22 on blinds 12, the transom 19, air-flow enters in the pipeline 9 through valve 8, because pipeline 9 directly is connected by exhaust grille 6 with airspace layer 20, outdoor like this air just directly adds in the airspace layer 20.Because air mobile taken away a large amount of heats, indoor temperature is reduced, save the energy consumption of room conditioning.Because the air themperature of discharging is higher, before the air discharge is outdoor, add energy recycle device 24, make energy can carry out the secondary recovery utilization, thus energy conservation.When the air discharge in airspace layer 20 is outdoor, can utilize exhaust equipment 4 to carry out mechanical exhaust, so just can realize the mixed ventilation mode, natural ventilation can hocket according to different conditions with mechanical ventilation.So just realized the outer circulation of air-flow.The principle explanation:
The internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall system adopts the compound ventilation mode, be natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation, these two kinds of draft types can be according to different condition alternate runs, the function of circulation double-layer curtain wall and outer circulation double-layer curtain wall in can realizing simultaneously on same curtain wall system.Open air outlet summer, it is outdoor to utilize hot pressing principle and stack effect that the most of hot air in the intermediate air interlayer of double seal is discharged, and reduces the temperature of airspace layer, has also reduced the temperature of room air simultaneously, has reduced the energy consumption of air-conditioning.Close air outlet winter, utilize the air in greenhouse effect heating intermediate layer, improve internal surface temperature, and then improve indoor temperature, reach energy-saving effect.Under special circumstances, during as new wind of indoor needs or smoke evacuation, can directly open ventilation installation, indoor and outdoor air is in time exchanged, guaranteed the quality of room air, improved the comfort level of indoor environment, made indoor living and working environment and outdoor natural environment reach fusion.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall, each basic module of curtain wall all comprises daylighting part and ventilation installation, the internal layer curtain wall bottom of daylighting part is provided with blow vent, it is characterized in that ventilation installation comprises admission gear and exhaust gear, the air inlet port of admission gear is connected with outdoor, the gas outlet of admission gear is connected with the airspace layer of daylighting part below the daylighting part, and stop valve is installed on the air inlet port; The air inlet port of exhaust gear is connected with the airspace layer of daylighting part on the daylighting part, and the gas outlet of exhaust gear is connected with outdoor, and exhaust gear is provided with exhaust equipment.
2, according to the said double-circulating double-layer curtain wall of claim 1, it is characterized in that admission gear and air inlet port thereof be located at daylighting part below, exhaust gear and gas outlet thereof be located at daylighting part above, be separately installed with the partition door with the indoor and outdoor air insulated in the intermediate layer of admission gear and exhaust gear, the partition door of admission gear is that the partition door of openable or admission gear and exhaust gear all can be opened.
3, according to the said double-circulating double-layer curtain wall of claim 1, it is characterized in that the air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear are located at daylighting part lateral longitudinal to arrangement, the air inlet port of admission gear is following, and the gas outlet of exhaust gear is last, between that tabula is installed is disconnected, at the air inlet port of admission gear and the gas outlet of exhaust gear partition door is installed, wherein the partition door of admission gear is that openable or two partition doors all can be opened.
4,, it is characterized in that upper and lower partition door is the thermal insulation door according to claim 2 or 3 said double-circulating double-layer curtain walls.
5, according to the said double-circulating double-layer curtain wall of claim 3, it is characterized in that admission gear's partition door below transom is installed, have air vent on the transom, the air inlet port of admission gear is connected with outdoor by the air vent on the transom.
6,, it is characterized in that in the daylighting intermediate layer partly solar protection devices being installed according to the said double-circulating double-layer curtain wall of claim 1.
7, according to the said double-circulating double-layer curtain wall of claim 1, it is characterized in that the arranged outside of ventilation installation has blinds, be provided with dustproof, fly net in the blinds.
8,, it is characterized in that being provided with energy recycle device at the end of exhaust gear according to the said double-circulating double-layer curtain wall of claim 1.
CN200610134043A 2006-10-25 2006-10-25 A kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall Expired - Fee Related CN100575631C (en)

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CN200610134043A CN100575631C (en) 2006-10-25 2006-10-25 A kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200610134043A CN100575631C (en) 2006-10-25 2006-10-25 A kind of internal and external double-circulating double-layer curtain wall

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CN100575631C CN100575631C (en) 2009-12-30

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102418392A (en) * 2011-08-16 2012-04-18 优太太阳能科技(上海)有限公司 Multilayer solar curtain wall structure
WO2014135007A1 (en) * 2013-03-07 2014-09-12 沈阳远大铝业工程有限公司 Ventilative heat-insulating glass window
CN106223538A (en) * 2016-09-23 2016-12-14 四川大学 A kind of prefabricated panel
CN110206206A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-09-06 深圳市广田方特科建集团有限公司 A kind of integrated double-layer energy-saving glass curtain wall system of fire and smoke exhaust
CN110541506A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-06 惠州普立幕墙工程有限公司 Construction method of energy-saving solar glass curtain wall
CN112484208A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-03-12 河南业豪幕墙有限公司 Integrated ventilation formula unit curtain wall

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102418392A (en) * 2011-08-16 2012-04-18 优太太阳能科技(上海)有限公司 Multilayer solar curtain wall structure
CN102418392B (en) * 2011-08-16 2013-12-11 优太太阳能科技(上海)有限公司 Multilayer solar curtain wall structure
WO2014135007A1 (en) * 2013-03-07 2014-09-12 沈阳远大铝业工程有限公司 Ventilative heat-insulating glass window
CN106223538A (en) * 2016-09-23 2016-12-14 四川大学 A kind of prefabricated panel
CN110206206A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-09-06 深圳市广田方特科建集团有限公司 A kind of integrated double-layer energy-saving glass curtain wall system of fire and smoke exhaust
CN110541506A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-06 惠州普立幕墙工程有限公司 Construction method of energy-saving solar glass curtain wall
CN110541506B (en) * 2019-08-16 2021-02-09 惠州普立幕墙工程有限公司 Construction method of energy-saving solar glass curtain wall
CN112484208A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-03-12 河南业豪幕墙有限公司 Integrated ventilation formula unit curtain wall

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