CN1936203A - Domestic waste-water secondary utilization device for saving water - Google Patents

Domestic waste-water secondary utilization device for saving water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1936203A
CN1936203A CN 200610053411 CN200610053411A CN1936203A CN 1936203 A CN1936203 A CN 1936203A CN 200610053411 CN200610053411 CN 200610053411 CN 200610053411 A CN200610053411 A CN 200610053411A CN 1936203 A CN1936203 A CN 1936203A
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China
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water
waste water
header tank
communicated
toilet
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CN 200610053411
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Chinese (zh)
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陈永宇平
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Individual
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Priority to CN 200610053411 priority Critical patent/CN1936203A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a domestic waste water quadric using water saving device that includes at least a cleaning device sewer line and closet, waste water collection tank, cleaning device. Waste water outlet pipe, triton change over valve, and closet eater entry pipe are contained between down end face of the cavity of waste water collection tank and closet. The invention has the advantages of low cost, simple construction and method, good practicability and convenient to popularize.

Description

Domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures
Technical field
The present invention relates to the secondary waste water utilizing water saving fixtures in the resident family, be specifically related to washing, kitchen, laundrywastes after filtration, collect, supply with the domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures that toilet or urinal use.
Background technology
Usually mostly the daily life sewage in the resident family is that directly entering sewage conduct pours off, and the many families of result waste precious water resource unconsciously.Though the family that has is when water, also that some are clean daily life sewage is collected and is carried out second use, but its amount of collecting by bucket or basin is very limited, still make that waste water slatterns greatly, as rinsing clothes, wash one's hands, wash the waste water that produces in the dish process, be not subjected to very heavy pollution, if waste tangible unfortunate.At present, more domestic cities are in order to solve water resources problems, have begun to set up with seawater toilet-flushing or in the biotope Wastewater Treatment Plant, but human and material resources, financial resources input are all bigger, and the problem slow but also that face that not only takes effect is many.Because China is one of 12 countries and regions of serious water shortage in the world, have the fresh water amount per capita and occupy the 88th in the world, more than 600 urban water shortage in the whole nation, a day water deficit reaches 1600 ten thousand steres, year nearly 60 billion cubic meters of water deficit.Therefore, water saving is very urgent.Yet trickle the in vain phenomenon of water of many places is not rarely seen, and only the water of Beijing's evaporating, emitting, dripping or leaking of liquid or gas in a year just reaches 360,000 tons.By contrast, the national Israel of external same lack of water, not only the resident to flush the toilet and wash one's hands be two set of tubes, flushes the toilet and also divide excrements two buttons, and the closet of usefulness all is water-saving.
July 30 2004 applying date, the Chinese invention patent of patent No. CN200410070229.9 " toilet water saving apparatus linkable with bidet, and water saving method thereof " has proposed imagination to useless water reuse, a kind of water-saving method that is used for the toilet that can be connected with washer, described toilet comprises: be connected to the water tank of certain water facilities by feed pipe, be used to store the flushing water of the required fixed capacity of the described toilet of flushing; With the toilet seat that is arranged on described water tank the place ahead, described washer comprises: be positioned at the washer jet and the oven dry mouth of pipe under the described seat ring, make the user to wash and oven dry genitals and buttocks after urine or stool; With the control panel with a plurality of action buttons, wherein: in the most of the time and under the situation of urine, make the flushing water in the water tank of described toilet maintain the urine water level that is suitable for washing urine, this urine water level is half of high water level; And under the situation of stool, when the push button of pressing the control panel place that is arranged on washer or additional button, make flushing water in the described water tank maintain stool water level corresponding to described high water level, thus, described water-saving method allows according to the excremental type that will handle, be urine or stool promptly according to excreta, the water yield of regulating described flushing water.Aforementioned techniques scheme emphasis is on closestool water-saving device and water-saving method thereof, it is connected to the water tank of certain water facilities by feed pipe, be used to store the flushing water of the required fixed capacity of the described toilet of flushing, this seems on simple water saving fixtures and the water-saving method thereof and does not deeply relate to, thereby whole technical proposal bad adaptability, the popularization difficulty is big, only can economize on water in the scope of using its toilet.On the June 5 calendar year 2001 applying date, the Chinese utility model patent " household waste water reutilizing device " of the patent No. 01225182 has also proposed imagination to useless water reuse, and daily life sewage flows into the waste water header tank through water inlet, by the automatic suction storage tank of water pump.If when water storage tank water level was too high, electromagnetic valve was opened, unnecessary water is discharged from floor drain in the waste water header tank; Water level is crossed when hanging down, and ball float descends, and the lowest water level by-pass valve control is opened, and clean tap water flows into.Electromagnetic valve, water pump are controlled automatically by controller.Discharging quantity of water is by the length control of operating switch time.This technical scheme realizes comparatively complicated, and the cost height has increased current consuming apparatus such as water pump and electromagnetic valve, and improvement project is expensive big, also is difficult to be accepted by ordinarily resident family.June 14 in 2003 applying date order, the Chinese utility model patent " household waste water reutilizing device " of the patent No. 03254479 has proposed easy low-cost technologies scheme, include a Rose Box, be provided with screen pack in the Rose Box, the Rose Box top is provided with the interface of connecting effluent, and the middle and lower part of Rose Box sidewall is provided with drainage outlet; This device also includes a water storage tank, and water storage tank is provided with water inlet, and water inlet is connected by pipeline with the outfall of Rose Box, and water tank bottom has gutter in succession, and gutter is communicated with toilet (or urinal).But technical scheme is too coarse, the actual water-head that reckons without catchmenting, toilet (or urinal) water tank be 40cm at least generally, to satisfy the hydraulic pressure of water-filling, and wash one's hands and face, kitchen, laundrywastes height be generally at 90cm, half meter height is only arranged, and this technical scheme need be communicated with complicated piping, causes the loss of drop, water flow to toilet or urinal also just can't form enough drops, therefore, this technical scheme certainly will be difficult to carry out, and does not also have practical value even perhaps implemented.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is at above-mentioned deficiency, and a kind of easy construction, low, the practical domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures of cost are provided.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted:
Domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures comprise at least one washer sewer pipe and toilet; The technical measures of taking comprise: washer sewer pipe and toilet are communicated with the waste water header tank, the upper end face that waste water header tank inner chamber has upwards is communicated with described washer through a minute water moving valve sealing, and the lower end face that waste water header tank inner chamber has seals downwards and is communicated with described toilet.
The technical measures of taking also comprise:
In order to solve the use problem of waste water when not enough, between lower end face that waste water header tank inner chamber has and the toilet also sealing be communicated with wastewater effluent pipe, three-way change-over valve, toilet oral siphon, this three-way change-over valve also seals and is communicated with running water pipe.
In order to solve the excessive problem of waste water, the side face lateral seal that waste water header tank inner chamber has is communicated with sewer pipe.
In order to guarantee that waste water flows to the waste water header tank as far as possible, divide the water moving valve to have waterwater entrance and first wastewater outlet and second wastewater outlet, first wastewater outlet is communicated with sewer pipe; Second wastewater outlet is communicated with waste water header tank upper end face; Be provided with watershed partition between first wastewater outlet and second wastewater outlet, this watershed partition has an inclined-plane that extends upwardly to the waterwater entrance outside, and surface bottom cooperates described waste water header tank upper end face.
In order to prevent the tap water waste, waste water header tank upper end face is movably fitted with one way valve; Running water pipe and wastewater effluent pipe are respectively equipped with tap water control valve and waste water control valve; Apical grafting is set in this three-way change-over valve spool the spool buoyancy aid of spring; The diameter of described spool buoyancy aid is greater than the caliber of described running water pipe.
In order to collect a large amount of waste water, a plurality of minutes water moving valves and different washer connections can be installed in waste water header tank upper end.
In addition, the problem that catchment in order to solve, the little pressure of water supply drop is low can overcome the flow velocity deficiency by increasing the water yield, and in case of necessity waste water is filtered.
Compared with prior art, washer sewer pipe and toilet that the present invention adopts are communicated with the waste water header tank, the upper end face that waste water header tank inner chamber has upwards is communicated with described washer through a minute water moving valve sealing, and the lower end face that waste water header tank inner chamber has seals downwards and is communicated with described toilet.The waste water header tank can be replaced by the bigger long tube filial generation of diameter, and size so that be installed in the body of wall in the family is as the criterion; Dividing water moving valve top is water inlet, and the bottom is a delivery port, and the side is an overfall; Three-way change-over valve is that combination control is by tap water, waste water; Concrete grammar is to catchment, supply water to adopt pipeline to replace water tank to guarantee the water yield.As long as in the waste water header tank water is arranged, particularly in the wastewater effluent pipe water is arranged, just can increase the buoyancy of three-way change-over valve spool buoyancy aid, break the balance of the pressure of elastic force by spring and tap water, upwards float and close the supply of tap water, only supply water to toilet by the waste water in the waste water header tank.When water level in the waste water header tank is reduced to the buoyancy disequilibrium of three-way change-over valve spool buoyancy aid and falls, thereby the conducting tap water supplies water to toilet.And this moment because the blocking-up of the one way valve that is provided with of waste water header tank, and the existence of waste water header tank and wastewater effluent inner air tube, tap water can't flow into the waste water header tank, the waste water header tank still keeps anhydrous state.Also have only in daily life sewage flows into the waste water header tank, the three-way change-over valve spool buoyancy aid that floats once more can be closed water service again, so repeat again to be supplied water to toilet by the waste water in the waste water header tank.Therefore, its component price is cheap, easy construction, method is simple, total cost is low, practical, be convenient to promote.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the structure of the embodiment of the invention one is laid schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 be among Fig. 1 the waste water header tank connect pipeline partial structurtes schematic perspective view into and out of waste water;
Fig. 3 is that the structure of the embodiment of the invention two is laid schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is a waste water header tank and the partial structurtes schematic diagram that divides water moving valve and one way valve among Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of three-way change-over valve and waste water pipe and running water pipe among Fig. 3.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment describes in further detail the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Composition structure of the present invention sees that Fig. 1 is to shown in Figure 5.
Domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures comprise at least one washer 10 sewer pipes 8 and toilet 1.The technical measures of taking comprise: washer 10, sewer pipe 8 and toilet 1 are communicated with waste water header tank 7, the upper end face that waste water header tank 7 inner chambers have upwards is communicated with described washer 10 through 9 sealings of minute water moving valve, and the lower end face that waste water header tank 7 inner chambers have seals downwards and is communicated with described toilet 1.
The technical measures of taking also comprise:
In order to solve the use problem of waste water when not enough, also seal between the lower end face that waste water header tank 7 inner chambers have and the toilet 1 and be communicated with wastewater effluent pipe 6, three-way change-over valve 4, toilet 1 oral siphon 11, this three-way change-over valve 4 also seals and is communicated with running water pipe 2.
In order to solve the excessive problem of waste water, the side face lateral seal that waste water header tank 7 inner chambers have is communicated with sewer pipe 8.
In order to guarantee that waste water flows to waste water header tank 7 as far as possible, divide water moving valve 9 to have the waterwater entrance 9a and first wastewater outlet 91 and second wastewater outlet, 92, the first wastewater outlets 91 and be communicated with sewer pipe 8; Second wastewater outlet 92 is communicated with waste water header tank 7 upper end faces; Be provided with watershed partition 93 between first wastewater outlet 91 and second wastewater outlet 92, this watershed partition 93 has an inclined-plane that extends upwardly to the waterwater entrance outside, and surface bottom cooperates described waste water header tank 7 upper end faces.
In order to prevent the tap water waste, waste water header tank 7 upper end faces are movably fitted with one way valve 71; Running water pipe 2 and wastewater effluent pipe 6 are respectively equipped with tap water control valve 3 and waste water control valve 5; In these three-way change-over valve 4 spools the spool buoyancy aid 41 that apical grafting has spring 42 is set; The diameter of described spool buoyancy aid 41 is greater than the caliber of described running water pipe 2.
In order to collect a large amount of waste water, waste water header tank 7 upper ends can be installed a plurality of minutes water moving valves 9 and are communicated with different washer 10.
In addition, the problem that catchment in order to solve, the little pressure of water supply drop is low can overcome the flow velocity deficiency by increasing the water yield, and in case of necessity waste water is filtered.
Embodiment one course of work: as can be known with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, in the time of in resident's family domestic waste water flows into waste water header tank 7, water level at first is full of wastewater effluent pipe 6, when three-way change-over valve 4 no three-way change-over valves, can only manual-lock from the beginning water valve 3 open wastewater valve 5, so do not have water service, when perhaps not having water service, then only supply water to toilet 1 at all by the waste water in the waste water header tank 7.When water level in the waste water header tank 7 reduces when can't satisfy the demand, manually wastewater valve 5 is closed again, water valve 3 leaves from the beginning, supply water to toilet 1 thereby open conducting running water pipe 2.If carry out water-filling and have waste water still can flow into waste water header tank 7 this moment.In case added the needed water yield in the waste water header tank 7, can close water service again; Repetition is supplied water to toilet 1 by the waste water in the waste water header tank 7.When wastewater flow rate during greater than the capacity of waste water header tank 7, because the height difference into and out of waste water pipe of waste water header tank 7, to flow into sewer pipe from the side overfall of waste water header tank 7 and through sewer pipe 8, but because the existence of the side overfall of waste water header tank 7, the extreme higher position that reduces waste water in the waste water header tank 7 is influenced result of use, and hand switch is also cumbersome simultaneously.
Embodiment two courses of work: as can be known with reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, in the time of in resident's family domestic waste water flows into waste water header tank 7, water is at first through undue water moving valve 9 shuntings, because second delivery port 92 of branch water moving valve 9 is relative up and down with water inlet 9a or process guides the back relatively, and the height of second delivery port 92 is lower than the height of first delivery port 91 as overfall.Be full of wastewater effluent pipe 6 equally earlier, be subjected to the water buoyancy function, the buoyancy of the spool buoyancy aid 41 of three-way change-over valve 4 increases, and the pressure that overcomes tap water can be closed water service, is only supplied water to toilet 1 by the waste water in the waste water header tank 7.When water level in the waste water header tank 7 is reduced to 4 of the three-way change-over valves elastic force and the pressure of tap water when keeping balance by spring 42, the buoyancy loss of buoyance of spool buoyancy aid 41 will fall, and supply water to toilet 1 thereby open conducting running water pipe 2.And this moment because the blocking-up of the one way valve 71 that is provided with of waste water header tank 7, and the existence of air in waste water header tank 7 and the wastewater effluent pipe 6, tap water can't flow into waste water header tank 7, waste water header tank 7 still keeps anhydrous state.Also have only water level is improved, the spool buoyancy aid 41 that floats once more can be closed water service again; Repetition is supplied water to toilet 1 by the waste water in the waste water header tank 7.When wastewater flow rate during,, will flow into sewer pipes from minute overfall of water moving valve 9 and through sewer pipe 8 owing to divide the shunting of water moving valve 9 greater than the capacity of waste water header tank 7.Its component price is cheap, easy construction, method is simple, total cost is low, practical, for ease of the domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures of promoting.
The present invention installs when being preferably in family's house finishing, also can on existing blow-off line, install additional, the waste water of washing one's hands and face, washing generations such as dish, laundry is flowed into the waste water header tank after filtration, make it to become cleaner water, and with this water flush toilet or urinal, thereby can reach the purpose of waste water reuse.No matter manually or control automatically so both saved the clean water resource, and reduced quantity of wastewater effluent again, and, used all very conveniently, be the environmental protecting device that effectively utilizes waste water that family or office, school etc. can be equipped with.
That the present invention has is simple in structure, easy to use, sanitary water-saving, volume is little, integrated cost is low, do not need, can form a complete production network by water closet manufacturer, change little to original water tank, easily install, improvement cost is low, transforms the duration weak point, is easy to apply, the custom of making the life better improves consciousness of saving water.Its market prospects are wide, and investment goods is few, only need purchase the parts that need and can install and use.
Laundry, wash dish, daily life sewage such as wash one's face and rinse one's mouth reclaims as flushing the toilet, mop floor etc. again, reaches the water saving purpose, its maximum characteristics can make the complementation automatically of family domestic waste water and tap water exactly, and daily life sewage is preferentially used.As long as life is reclaimed and had abundant water resources, running water pipe moisturizing part just can manually or automatically be closed; When insufficient water sources is reclaimed in life, dish is done washing, washed to tap water, operation such as wash one's face and rinse one's mouth if do not have to open, then running water pipe manually or automatic water supplement, assurance uninterrupted use the such as flush the toilet, mop floor, otherwise, open tap water and do washing, wash dish, wash one's face and rinse one's mouth etc. and to operate then that running water pipe stops moisturizing automatically, preferentially use daily life sewage.
Though the present invention illustrates and describes by the reference preferred embodiment, but, those skilled in the art should understand, and under the situation of the spirit and scope of the present invention that do not deviate from accompanying Claim and limited, can carry out various variations in form and details.

Claims (7)

1, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures, comprise at least one washer (10), sewer pipe (8) and toilet (1), it is characterized in that: described washer (10), sewer pipe (8) and toilet (1) are communicated with waste water header tank (7), the upper end face that described waste water header tank (7) inner chamber has upwards is communicated with described washer (10) through minute water moving valve (a 9) sealing, and the lower end face that waste water header tank (7) inner chamber has seals downwards and is communicated with described toilet (1).
2, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also seal between lower end face that described waste water header tank (7) inner chamber has and the described toilet (1) and be communicated with wastewater effluent pipe (6), three-way change-over valve (4), toilet (1) oral siphon (11), this three-way change-over valve (4) also seals and is communicated with running water pipe (2).
3, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the side face lateral seal that described waste water header tank (7) inner chamber has is communicated with sewer pipe (8).
4, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described minute the water moving valve (9) have waterwater entrance (9a) and first wastewater outlet (91) and second wastewater outlet (92), first wastewater outlet (91) is communicated with described sewer pipe (8); Second wastewater outlet (92) is communicated with described waste water header tank (7) upper end face; Be provided with watershed partition (93) between described first wastewater outlet (91) and second wastewater outlet (92), this watershed partition (93) has an inclined-plane that extends upwardly to the waterwater entrance outside, and surface bottom cooperates described waste water header tank (7) upper end face.
5, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described waste water header tank (7) upper end face is movably fitted with one way valve (71).
6, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described running water pipe (2) and wastewater effluent pipe (6) are respectively equipped with tap water control valve (3) and waste water control valve (5).
7, domestic waste water second use water saving fixtures according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the spool buoyancy aid (41) that apical grafting has spring (42) is set in described this three-way change-over valve (4) spool; The diameter of described spool buoyancy aid (41) is greater than the caliber of described running water pipe (2).
CN 200610053411 2006-09-14 2006-09-14 Domestic waste-water secondary utilization device for saving water Pending CN1936203A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610053411 CN1936203A (en) 2006-09-14 2006-09-14 Domestic waste-water secondary utilization device for saving water

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610053411 CN1936203A (en) 2006-09-14 2006-09-14 Domestic waste-water secondary utilization device for saving water

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CN1936203A true CN1936203A (en) 2007-03-28

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174830A (en) * 2011-01-20 2011-09-07 周桂宽 Automatic water-saving device
CN102660981A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-12 陈科 Valve device capable of automatically converting water sources
CN104947740A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 西南交通大学 Cross-floor water recovery utilization system
CN108755858A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-06 黄钰莹 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly device for recycling sewage
CN109972689A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-05 刘冠军 A kind of water saving system of toilet and method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174830A (en) * 2011-01-20 2011-09-07 周桂宽 Automatic water-saving device
CN102174830B (en) * 2011-01-20 2013-06-26 周桂宽 Automatic water-saving device
CN102660981A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-12 陈科 Valve device capable of automatically converting water sources
CN104947740A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 西南交通大学 Cross-floor water recovery utilization system
CN108755858A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-06 黄钰莹 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly device for recycling sewage
CN109972689A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-05 刘冠军 A kind of water saving system of toilet and method
CN109972689B (en) * 2019-05-08 2023-12-05 刘冠军 Toilet water saving system and method

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