CN1876469A - Completely-loaded vehicle body - Google Patents

Completely-loaded vehicle body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1876469A
CN1876469A CN 200610086351 CN200610086351A CN1876469A CN 1876469 A CN1876469 A CN 1876469A CN 200610086351 CN200610086351 CN 200610086351 CN 200610086351 A CN200610086351 A CN 200610086351A CN 1876469 A CN1876469 A CN 1876469A
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China
Prior art keywords
column
fixed
sides
longeron
connection
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CN 200610086351
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100404347C (en
Inventor
杨亚平
熊良平
洪洋
王�华
汪中传
王龙群
郭志勇
赵永军
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安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司
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Priority to CNB2006100863514A priority Critical patent/CN100404347C/en
Publication of CN1876469A publication Critical patent/CN1876469A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100404347C publication Critical patent/CN100404347C/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a vehicle frame with full load, wherein the whole vehicle, via front surround skeleton, back surround skeleton, left surround skeleton, right surround skeleton, top cover skeleton and bottom support, forms one integrated frame, to improve the fastness of frame. Via each node, upright post, longitudinal beam, incline support, horizontal bema, bended beam, or plates, the front and back of frame are through, the upper and lower are through, and the left and right are connected to form a closed force loop; therefore, the force can be distributed to everywhere of frame, to be functioned uniformly and avoid supporting on one point; and the structure is formed by rectangle steel tubes whose strength is 3-6 times of common vehicle with reduced weight. With said invention, the deformation of impacted vehicle is minimum to protect passengers.

Description

A kind of unitary body
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle complete vehicle body structure form, relate in particular to the version of bus body skeleton.
Background technology
At present, passenger vehicle car load body structure form mainly contains following two kinds: a kind of non-bearing formula: be that automobile has rigid-frame, claim the chassis ridgepole frame again, each chassis member of driving engine is contained on the chassis ridgepole frame, forms the chassis, and then body shell is suspended on this chassis frame again, connect with elastic element, most of load is born by vehicle frame, and vehicle body only bears the load that own wt and goods and passenger's gravity cause, the load of not bearing chassis and vehicle frame; Second kind is half bearing-type: made underframe in the body structure, body transom is outwards overhang by both sides, each chassis member of corresponding driving engine is contained on the underframe, vehicle body column and body transom are rigidly connected with welding or bolt and form, vehicle body is except the load of bearing own wt and goods and passenger's gravity and causing like this, the part load that can also bear chassis and underframe.But no matter be non-bearing-type or half bearing-type, it is heavy that these two kinds of body structures all compare, and quality is big, automobile barycenter height, the less stable of running at high speed, point of connection is few relatively, chassis and vehicle body can produce displacement when being impacted, car load intensity a little less than.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiency of present passenger vehicle car load body structure, designed and developed out light weight, the automobile barycenter is low, the good stability of running at high speed, chassis and vehicle body can not produce displacement when being impacted, and the stronger unitary body of car load intensity.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of unitary body, the underframe that includes longeron, crossbeam, column and be made of longeron, crossbeam, column includes also that front wall frame, rear wall frame, left side enclose skeleton, skeleton and roof skeleton are enclosed in the right side;
Front wall frame includes: preceding enclose left column, preceding enclose the second from left column, preceding enclose right two columns, preceding enclose right column and before enclose head piece; Before enclose left column and be connected with the two ends, the left and right sides of preceding enclosing head piece respectively with the top of before enclosing right column; Before enclose left column, preceding enclose the second from left column, preceding enclose right two columns and before enclose right column and be fixed together by crossbeam;
Rear wall frame includes: back wall left column, back wall tail boom left column, back wall tail boom right column, back wall right column and back wall entablatrance; The back wall left column is connected with the two ends, the left and right sides of back wall entablatrance respectively with the top of back wall right column; Back wall left column, back wall tail boom left column, back wall tail boom right column and back wall right column are fixed together by crossbeam;
Roof skeleton includes: end connection behind longeron, the preceding end connection of top cover and the top cover on top entablatrance, the top; The two ends, the left and right sides of top entablatrance respectively with about the top go up longeron and captive joint; Before the top cover of the left and right sides rear end of end connection respectively with about the front end of top entablatrance captive joint; Behind the top cover of the left and right sides front end of end connection respectively with about the rear end of top entablatrance captive joint;
Left and right sides side wall frame includes: tie-beam on tie-beam, the gusset front end on longeron, gusset diagonal brace, angle bar, waist rail, door column, door cross sill, gusset student tie-beam, the gusset door under longeron, side window pillar, the side window on post, the side window; The door column lower end is captiveed joint with the door cross sill, captives joint with waist rail in door column upper end; Captiveing joint with waist rail in gusset diagonal brace lower end, captives joint with longeron under the side window in gusset diagonal brace upper end; Captive joint with longeron on the side window in the side window pillar upper end; Captiveing joint with longeron under the side window in the lower end of side window pillar, captives joint with the last longeron in top in the upper end of post, captives joint with longeron on the side window in the lower end of post; Captive joint with longeron on the top of the left and right sides respectively in the two ends, the left and right sides of top entablatrance.
The two ends, the left and right sides of front wall frame are enclosed the front end that skeleton and right side encloses skeleton with the left side respectively and are fixed together, and the upper end of front wall frame and the front end of roof skeleton are fixed together, and the lower end of front wall frame and the front end of underframe are fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of rear wall frame are enclosed skeleton and right side with the left side respectively and are enclosed the rear end of skeleton and be fixed together, and the upper end of rear wall frame and the rear end of roof skeleton are fixed together, and the lower end of rear wall frame and the rear end of underframe are fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of roof skeleton are enclosed skeleton and right side with the left side respectively and are enclosed the upper end of skeleton and be fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of underframe are enclosed skeleton and right side with the left side respectively and are enclosed the lower end of skeleton and be fixed together.
Unitary body, enclose before it left column, preceding enclose the second from left column, preceding enclose right two columns and preceding enclose right column respectively with the front end of underframe front end entablatrance and underframe front end under the front end of tie-beam be fixed together; Before the front end that encloses left column and before enclose the lower end of right column and the gusset student tie-beam in the side wall frame be fixed together; Before on the top of enclosing left column and before enclosing right column and the gusset door front end of tie-beam be fixed together: the preceding front end that encloses tie-beam on left column and top of before enclosing right column and the gusset front end is fixed together; Before enclose head piece two ends, the left and right sides respectively with roof skeleton in left and right sides top cover before the front end of end connection be fixed together.Front wall frame has just been captiveed joint with left and right sides side wall frame, roof skeleton and underframe like this.
Unitary body, its back wall left column, back wall tail boom left column, back wall tail boom right column and back wall right column respectively with underframe in the underframe rear end under the rear end of tie-beam and the underframe rear end rear end of tie-beam be fixed together; The rear end of longeron is fixed together on the top of back wall left column and back wall right column and the side window; The middle part of back wall left column and back wall right column and the rear end of waist rail are fixed together; The upper end of back wall left column and back wall right column respectively with about the rear end of going up longeron, top be fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of back wall entablatrance respectively with left and right sides top cover after the rear end of end connection be fixed together.Rear wall frame has just been captiveed joint with left and right sides side wall frame, roof skeleton and underframe like this.
Unitary body pushes up the upper end of going up longeron and the medium and small column of left and right sides gusset and is fixed together respectively about it.Left and right sides side wall frame has just been captiveed joint with roof skeleton like this.
Unitary body, the two ends, the left and right sides of its underframe cross sill are fixed together with left and right sides door cross sill respectively; The upper end of left and right sides underframe diagonal brace or lower end respectively with left and right sides gusset in the door column be fixed together; The left end of left side underframe entablatrance or the right-hand member of right side underframe entablatrance and the waist rail in the gusset of the left and right sides are fixed together.Left and right sides side wall frame has just been captiveed joint with underframe like this.
Unitary body, the upper end or the lower end of its every adjacent two gusset diagonal braces are fixed together.Unitary body, its above be fixedly connected as the welding captive joint.Crossbeam described in the unitary body, longeron and diagonal brace all adopt rectangular tube to constitute.
Unitary body, the point of connection of its door column upper end and waist rail, the point of connection of point of connection, this one of them gusset diagonal brace lower end of two gusset diagonal braces and waist rail of two gusset diagonal brace lower ends that is positioned at door column top and the point of connection of underframe entablatrance and the gusset middle part of the side, left and right sides beam, above four points of connection is same point of connection; The point of connection of longeron under the point of connection of longeron under side window pillar lower end and the side window, the point of connection of two gusset diagonal braces upper ends that is positioned at this side window pillar below and one of them gusset diagonal brace upper end of this two gusset diagonal braces and the side window, more than three point of connection be same point of connection; The upward point of connection of longeron and top entablatrance of the point of connection of longeron and top is gone up on the point of connection of longeron on point of connection, post lower end and the side window of longeron on side window pillar upper end and the side window, post upper end and top, and above four points of connection is in same plane.
Unitary body, with car load with front wall frame, rear wall frame, left side enclose skeleton, the new car body structure form that skeleton, roof skeleton and underframe constitute a kind of integral frame-type is enclosed on the right side, such vehicle body globality is firm.By each node, utilize column or longeron or diagonal brace or crossbeam or camber beam or various plate that car load skeleton front and back are connected, link to each other up and down, about join, framework beam forms effective osed top power ring structure, can not only make it when stressed, power be decomposed car load rapidly everywhere by the osed top connection structure, make vehicle body whole stressed even, avoid single-point to bear external force; The structure of forming through the rectangular steel pipe of finite element optimum design simultaneously, its intensity also be other general-utility cars 3-6 doubly, and skeleton weight also obtains the effect that alleviates.Can when being impacted, guarantee the distortion minimum in the compartment, make passenger space obtain favourable guarantee, guarantee the personal safety of passenger in the car.The body construction unit is a rectangular tube.Can not only make it when stressed, power be decomposed whole body rapidly everywhere like this, make vehicle body whole stressed even, the anti-twist various steel part facility intensity of passing through optimal design simultaneously are better, be impacted and keep the whole indeformable of passenger vehicle, guarantee the personal safety of passenger in the car, make complete vehicle quality light, the automobile barycenter is low, runs at high speed stability better.
The principle unitary body skeleton structure utilization mechanics principle that the unitary body skeleton structure is used, passenger vehicle car load force-bearing situation is analyzed, set up the mechanical model of passenger vehicle structure, again it is converted into the math modeling of FEM (finite element) calculation, data according to calculation result data and actual tests acquisition are analyzed accordingly, are optimized the passenger vehicle structure of being studied, and then design unitary body.Principles illustrated: as external force acts on vehicle body certain a bit on, power can decompose each position of vehicle body rapidly by the closed-loop structure (osed top rectangular steel pipe structure) of full carrying, carry the application force of this point by vehicle body integral body, its stress reduces greatly, thereby reduce the strong plastic deformation of single-point, guarantee passenger's safety.
1, safety proves: the once rollover test with passenger vehicle obtains distortion of passenger vehicle topside and force-bearing situation data.
Measurement point The position of enclosing Stud Sensor station Z (mm) A left side/right side column is to line of centers vertical distance L (mm) A left side/the right side column to line of centers vertical distance L ' (mm) in the collision back ΔL=L-L′ (mm)
??1 A left side Second post ??780 ??1035 ??915 120
??2 A left side The 3rd post ??780 ??1033 ??916 117
??3 A left side The 4th post ??780 ??1036 ??917 119
??4 A left side The 5th post ??780 ??1035 ??923 122
??5 Right Second post ??780 ??1037 ??1166 -129
??6 Right The 3rd post ??780 ??1034 ??1162 -128
??7 Right The 4th post ??780 ??1032 ??1162 -130
??8 Right The 5th post ??780 ??1036 ??1171 -135
The lateral variation amount of the position, column top after the actual measurement collision: (seeing the above table)
2. in theory, after the collision of model, the emulated data lateral variation amount of position, vehicle body column top sees the following form:
Measurement point The position of enclosing Stud Sensor station Z (mm) Test figures (mm) Emulated data (mm)
??L ??L′ ??ΔL=L-L′ ??ΔL′
??1 A left side Second post ??780 ??1035 ??915 ??120 ??126
??2 A left side The 3rd post ??780 ??1033 ??916 ??117 ??113
??3 A left side The 4th post ??780 ??1036 ??917 ??119 ??127
??4 A left side The 5th post ??780 ??1035 ??923 ??122 ??114
??5 Right Second post ??780 ??1037 ??1166 ??-129 ??-135
??6 Right The 3rd post ??780 ??1034 ??1162 ??-128 ??-131
??7 Right The 4th post ??780 ??1032 ??1162 ??-130 ??-122
??8 Right The 5th post ??780 ??1036 ??1171 ??-135 ??-130
By the contrast of above data, as can be seen | Δ L| and | Δ L ' | value is basic coincideing.The following technical index of proof unitary body structure:
When the living space in a, bus occupant district at passenger vehicle rollover takes place, China (GB/T17578-1998) and Europe (ECE-R66) standard have been reached; Guaranteed survival space.
The energy-absorbing of b, passenger vehicle topside is all right, and the deflection of each column is in the scope that living space allowed in the topside.The energy-absorbing of each column is more concentrated, has reached theoretical specified value scope.
After above data have also proved unitary body structure utilization mechanics principle analysis optimization, be rationally and safety comprehensively ensured.
2, economy proves:
Past, body drawing adopted the method for analogy more, made body structure be in passive state owing to the method that does not have suitable available Strength Calculation to check.To the way that often adopts local reinforcement that occurs in travelling, this makes car weight big all the more more.For the material of some member that should reduce, attenuate, in Fa Zhan the science, can select finite element analysis method for use afterwards, body framwork is carried out intensity and stiffness Analysis, thereby carry out light-weight design.
Bus body strength and stress analysis:
Equivalent stress table (Mpa) under the crooked operating mode of each assembly of body framwork
Each assembly of skeleton Former skeleton maximum stress (Mpa) Improve back skeleton maximum stress (Mpa) Former skeleton maximum distortion (mm) Improve skeleton maximum distortion (mm)
Gusset ??144 ??126 ??8.062 ??10.052
Top cover ??45 ??99 ??8.83 ??13.939
Underframe ??162 ??121 ??9.252 ??10.669
Back wall ??130 ??113 ??9.676 ??11.104
Before enclose ??30 ??23 ??5.518 ??2.246
Rear suspension ??51 ??73 ??1.425 ??1.456
Front suspension ??63 ??82 ??0.655 ??1.606
First cross section ??31 ??23 ??5.151 ??0.591
Second and third cross section ??64 ??44 ??4.542 ??1.449
The 4th cross section ??284 ??112 ??4.292 ??3.388
The 5th cross section ??61 ??62 ??4.812 ??4.445
The 6th cross section ??83 ??42 ??3.305 ??3.170
The 7th cross section ??73 ??81 ??0.962 ??1.098
The 8th cross section ??232 ??108 ??2.473 ??3.073
The 9th cross section ??50 ??83 ??5.154 ??6.765
Back tail longeron ??72 ??30 ??9.629 ??11.058
The aisle ??138 ?116 ??5.411 ??7.088
According to last table as can be seen: variation had all taken place in stress and distortion before and after body framwork improved, and just stress is redistributed, and made the skeleton overall stress relative with distortion evenly.Local rod member stress has surpassed the permissible stress of setting, but totally exceeds not quite, still within allowed band.Top cover place, the 4th cross section, the 8th section stress change greatly, are because be in loading point position, cause stress concentration.
Body framwork is touched the attitude analysis:
Vehicle body in travelling is subjected to multiple excitation, and research vehicle body behavioral characteristics performance actv. is analyzed the ride comfort and the fatigue life of automobile, and its purpose is to optimize body structure, touches the attitude frequency and the vibration shape with the control vehicle body.The distribution of body quality, rigidity, damping, the connection mode of member spare are the four elementses of decision vehicle body natural frequency size.Utilize the body framwork finite element model, skeleton has been carried out touching the attitude analysis.
According to last table as can be seen: the former order frequencies of skeleton are very approaching, cause multiple mode of vibration to mix the situation that occurs easily.And the skeleton after improving has drawn back the frequency on former rank relatively.According to the road surface statistical analysis, Uneven road encourages mainly at low frequency range, so each frequency of drawing back low frequency range is very necessary.
According to the test result of above two aspects, we have carried out the loss of weight conceptual design to existing vehicle.Two kinds of about 400KG of contrast model loss of weight (not calculating local reinforcing member).Carried out finite element analysis according to above-mentioned light-weight design scheme, contrast with former body framwork, overall assessment is: the stress of this scheme and deformation state can satisfy the requirement of the strength and stiffness of structure, the local area of high stress that exists, but in tolerance band.
The benefit of body lightening is: reduce use, the reduction oil consumption of material.
The present invention fully guarantees bus body skeleton intensity in sum, the passenger vehicle passive satety is increased, impact resistance is 3-6 a times of day bus, guaranteed passenger's living space, satisfy GB GB/T17578-1998, European ECER66 (guaranteeing passenger's living space) standard fully, and when guaranteeing bus body skeleton intensity, make passenger vehicle weight saving, reach energy-conservation, oil-efficient economic benefit.Simultaneously, above feature also makes driving have safety, stationarity, traveling comfort more.Owing to the car load skeleton adopts the rectangular tube structure, also be easier to carry out arrangements such as low floor design, hommization layout, increasing passenger space, increasing storage room, thereby satisfy many-sided demand of user.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the integral structure scheme drawing.
Fig. 2 is the front wall frame constructional drawing.
Fig. 3 is the rear wall frame constructional drawing.
Fig. 4 is the A-A cutaway view.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing 1,2,3,4.
A kind of unitary body, the underframe that includes longeron, crossbeam, column and be made of longeron, crossbeam, column also includes front wall frame 1, rear wall frame 5, left and right sides side wall frame 2 and roof skeleton 3.
Front wall frame 1 includes: preceding enclose left column 20, preceding enclose the second from left column 21, preceding enclose right two columns 22, preceding enclose right column 23 and before enclose head piece 24; Rear wall frame 5 includes: back wall left column 25, back wall tail boom left column 26, back wall tail boom right column 27, back wall right column 28 and back wall entablatrance 29; Left and right sides side wall frame 2 includes: tie-beam 34 on tie-beam 33, the gusset front end on longeron 11, gusset diagonal brace 12, angle bar 13, waist rail 14, door column 15, door cross sill 16, gusset student tie-beam 32, the gusset door under longeron 9, side window pillar 10, the side window on post 8, the side window; Roof skeleton 3 includes: end connection 36 behind longeron 7, the preceding end connection 35 of top cover and the top cover on top entablatrance 6, the top.
The two ends, the left and right sides of front wall frame 1 are fixed together with the front end of left and right sides side wall frame 2 respectively, and the front end of the upper end of front wall frame 1 and roof skeleton 3 is fixed together, and the front end of the lower end of front wall frame 1 and underframe 4 is fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of rear wall frame 5 are fixed together with the rear end of left and right sides side wall frame 2 respectively, and the rear end of the upper end of rear wall frame 5 and roof skeleton 3 is fixed together, and the rear end of the lower end of rear wall frame 5 and underframe 4 is fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of roof skeleton 3 are fixed together with the upper end of left and right sides side wall frame 2 respectively; The two ends, the left and right sides of underframe 4 are fixed together with the lower end of left and right sides side wall frame 2 respectively.Before enclose left column 20, preceding enclose the second from left column 21, preceding enclose right two columns 22 and preceding enclose right column 23 respectively with the front end of underframe front end entablatrance 30 and underframe front end under the front end of tie-beam 31 be fixed together; Before the front end that encloses left column 20 and before enclose the lower end of right column 23 and the gusset student tie-beam 32 in the left and right sides side wall frame 2 be fixed together; Before enclose left column 20 and before enclose the top of right column 23 and the gusset door on the front end of tie-beam 33 be fixed together; Before enclose left column 20 and before enclose the top of right column 23 and the gusset front end on the front end of tie-beam 34 be fixed together; Before enclose head piece 24 two ends, the left and right sides respectively with roof skeleton 3 in left and right sides top cover before the front end of end connection 35 be fixed together.Front wall frame 1 has just been captiveed joint with left and right sides side wall frame 2, roof skeleton 3 and underframe 4 like this.
Back wall left column 25, back wall tail boom left column 26, back wall tail boom right column 27 and back wall right column 28 respectively with underframe 4 in the underframe rear end under the rear end of tie-beam 38 and the underframe rear end rear end of tie-beam 37 be fixed together; The rear end of longeron 9 is fixed together on the top of back wall left column 25 and back wall right column 28 and the side window; The middle part of back wall left column 25 and back wall right column 26 and the rear end of waist rail are fixed together; The upper end of back wall left column 25 and back wall right column 26 respectively with about the rear end of going up longeron 7, top be fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of back wall entablatrance 29 respectively with left and right sides top cover after the rear end of end connection 36 be fixed together.Rear wall frame 5 has just been captiveed joint with left and right sides side wall frame 2, roof skeleton 3 and underframe 4 like this.
About the upper end of going up longeron 7 and post 8, top be fixed together respectively.Left and right sides side wall frame 2 has just been captiveed joint with roof skeleton 3 like this.
The two ends, the left and right sides of underframe cross sill 17 are fixed together with left and right sides door cross sill 16 respectively; The upper end of left and right sides underframe diagonal brace 18 or lower end respectively with left and right sides gusset in door column 15 be fixed together; The left end of left side underframe entablatrance 19 or the right-hand member of right side underframe entablatrance 19 and the waist rail 14 in the gusset of the left and right sides are fixed together.Left and right sides side wall frame 2 has just been captiveed joint with underframe 4 like this.
Unitary body, the upper end or the lower end of its every adjacent two gusset diagonal braces 12 are fixed together.
Its above be fixedly connected as the welding captive joint.Crossbeam described in the unitary body, longeron and diagonal brace all adopt rectangular tube to constitute.
The point of connection of the point of connection of the point of connection of door column 15 upper ends and waist rail 14, the point of connection that is positioned at two gusset diagonal brace 12 lower ends of door column 15 tops, these two gusset diagonal braces, 12 one of them gusset diagonal brace 12 lower ends and waist rail 14 and underframe entablatrance 19 and the gusset middle part of the side, left and right sides beam 14, above four points of connection is same point of connection; The point of connection of longeron 11 under the point of connection of longeron 11 under side window pillar 10 lower ends and the side window, the point of connection of two gusset diagonal brace 12 upper ends that is positioned at these side window pillar 10 belows and this two gusset diagonal braces 12 one of them gusset diagonal brace 12 upper end and the side window, more than three point of connection be same point of connection; The point of connection that longeron 7 and top entablatrance 6 are gone up in the point of connection of longeron 7 and top is gone up on the point of connection of longeron 9 on the point of connection of longeron 9, post 8 lower ends and the side window on side window pillar 10 upper ends and the side window, post 8 upper ends and top, and above four points of connection is in same plane.
Captiveing joint with door cross sill 16 in door column 15 lower ends, captives joint with waist rail 14 in door column 15 upper ends; Captiveing joint with waist rail 14 in gusset diagonal brace 12 lower ends, captives joint with longeron 11 under the side window in gusset diagonal brace 12 upper ends; Captiveing joint with longeron 9 on the side window in side window pillar 10 upper ends, captives joint with longeron 11 under the side window in side window pillar 10 lower ends; Captiveing joint with longeron 9 on the side window in the lower end of post 8, captives joint with the last longeron 7 in top in the upper end of post 8; Captive joint with longeron 6 on the top of the left and right sides respectively in the two ends, the left and right sides of top entablatrance 7.Like this under door column 15, door cross sill 16, waist rail 14, gusset diagonal brace 12, the side window on longeron 11, side wall pillar 10, the side window longeron 9, post 8, longeron 7, top entablatrance 6 have just formed one of them osed top power ring on the top.If certain part is stressed, power will pass to the skeleton various piece by the various parts that is connected, and actv. disperses power.If the door column 15 in the gusset is subjected to impact, so a part of power will be along the waist rail 14 that links to each other with door column 15, door cross sill 16 disperses down, some power is along underframe cross sill 17 simultaneously, underframe diagonal brace 18, underframe entablatrance 19 is distributed on the coupled underframe spare, the power of disperseing along waist rail 14 is delivered on coupled the gusset diagonal brace 12 and angle bar 13, power is again along gusset diagonal brace 12, angle bar 13 continues to disperse down, part passes to longeron 11 under the side window, the part power that longeron 11 will be subjected under the side window is delivered on the side window pillar 10, the part power that side window pillar 10 will be subjected to is delivered on the side window on the longeron 9, the part power that longeron 9 will be subjected on the side window be distributed on other columns that are attached thereto and post 8 on, post 8 is delivered to the power that is subjected on the roof rai 7 of roof skeleton 3, roof rai 7 is delivered to the power that is subjected on continuous each crossbeam and column again, on the longeron 7, part power is along column on the top on the right of part power is delivered to by top entablatrance 6, crossbeam is delivered to the left side and places, enclosing each part that is connected by the left side again is delivered on the underframe or the like.
The impact that so local part is subjected to is delivered to the car load skeleton everywhere by parts such as the various longerons that are connected, diagonal brace, crossbeams, form seal force ring, front and back seal force ring up and down, one everywhere transmission, dispersion, exert all one's strength and slacken one by one, one place is stressed, the car load skeleton is just stressed everywhere, and be attached to skeleton inside and outside the Ramon skin that rises simultaneously also bear decomposition of force, this just forms full support framework body structure.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of unitary body, the underframe that includes longeron, crossbeam, column and be made of longeron, crossbeam, column is characterized in that also including that front wall frame, rear wall frame, left side enclose skeleton, skeleton and roof skeleton are enclosed in the right side;
Front wall frame includes: preceding enclose left column, preceding enclose the second from left column, preceding enclose right two columns, preceding enclose right column and before enclose head piece; Before enclose left column and be connected with the two ends, the left and right sides of preceding enclosing head piece respectively with the top of before enclosing right column; Before enclose left column, preceding enclose the second from left column, preceding enclose right two columns and before enclose right column and be fixed together by crossbeam;
Rear wall frame includes: back wall left column, back wall tail boom left column, back wall tail boom right column, back wall right column and back wall entablatrance; The back wall left column is connected with the two ends, the left and right sides of back wall entablatrance respectively with the top of back wall right column; Back wall left column, back wall tail boom left column, back wall tail boom right column and back wall right column are fixed together by crossbeam;
Roof skeleton includes; End connection behind longeron, the preceding end connection of top cover and the top cover on top entablatrance, the top; The two ends, the left and right sides of top entablatrance respectively with about the top go up longeron and captive joint; Before the top cover of the left and right sides rear end of end connection respectively with about the front end of top entablatrance captive joint; Behind the top cover of the left and right sides front end of end connection respectively with about the rear end of top entablatrance captive joint;
Left and right sides side wall frame includes: tie-beam on tie-beam, the gusset front end on longeron, gusset diagonal brace, angle bar, waist rail, door column, door cross sill, gusset student tie-beam, the gusset door under longeron, side window pillar, the side window on post, the side window; The door column lower end is captiveed joint with the door cross sill, captives joint with waist rail in door column upper end; Captiveing joint with waist rail in gusset diagonal brace lower end, captives joint with longeron under the side window in gusset diagonal brace upper end; Captiveing joint with longeron on the side window in the side window pillar upper end, captives joint with longeron under the side window in the side window pillar lower end; Captiveing joint with longeron on the side window in the lower end of post, captives joint with the last longeron in top in the upper end of post; Captive joint with longeron on the top of the left and right sides respectively in the two ends, the left and right sides of top entablatrance.
The two ends, the left and right sides of front wall frame are enclosed the front end that skeleton and right side encloses skeleton with the left side respectively and are fixed together, and the upper end of front wall frame and the front end of roof skeleton are fixed together, and the lower end of front wall frame and the front end of underframe are fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of rear wall frame are enclosed skeleton and right side with the left side respectively and are enclosed the rear end of skeleton and be fixed together, and the upper end of rear wall frame and the rear end of roof skeleton are fixed together, and the lower end of rear wall frame and the rear end of underframe are fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of roof skeleton are enclosed skeleton and right side with the left side respectively and are enclosed the upper end of skeleton and be fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of underframe are enclosed skeleton and right side with the left side respectively and are enclosed the lower end of skeleton and be fixed together.
2, a kind of unitary body according to claim 1, enclose before it is characterized in that left column, preceding enclose the second from left column, preceding enclose right two columns and preceding enclose right column respectively with the front end of underframe front end entablatrance and underframe front end under the front end of tie-beam be fixed together; Before the front end that encloses left column and before enclose the lower end of right column and the gusset student tie-beam in the side wall frame be fixed together; Before the front end that encloses left column and before enclose tie-beam on the top of right column and the gusset door be fixed together; Before the front end that encloses left column and before enclose tie-beam on the top of right column and the gusset front end be fixed together; Before enclose head piece two ends, the left and right sides respectively with roof skeleton in left and right sides top cover before the front end of end connection be fixed together.
3, a kind of unitary body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that back wall left column, back wall tail boom left column, back wall tail boom right column and back wall right column respectively with underframe in the underframe rear end under the rear end of tie-beam and the underframe rear end rear end of tie-beam be fixed together; The rear end of longeron is fixed together on the top of back wall left column and back wall right column and the side window; The middle part of back wall left column and back wall right column and the rear end of waist rail are fixed together; The upper end of back wall left column and back wall right column respectively with about the rear end of going up longeron, top be fixed together; The two ends, the left and right sides of back wall entablatrance respectively with left and right sides top cover after the rear end of end connection be fixed together.
4, a kind of unitary body according to claim 1 pushes up the upper end of going up longeron and the medium and small column of left and right sides gusset and is fixed together respectively about it is characterized in that.
5, a kind of unitary body according to claim 1 is characterized in that the two ends, the left and right sides of underframe cross sill are fixed together with left and right sides door cross sill respectively; The upper end of left and right sides underframe diagonal brace or lower end respectively with left and right sides gusset in the door column be fixed together; The left end of left side underframe entablatrance or the right-hand member of right side underframe entablatrance and the waist rail in the gusset of the left and right sides are fixed together.
6, a kind of unitary body according to claim 1 is characterized in that the upper end or the lower end of described every adjacent two gusset diagonal braces is fixed together.
7, a kind of unitary body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the point of connection of door column upper end and waist rail, the point of connection of point of connection, this one of them gusset diagonal brace lower end of two gusset diagonal braces and waist rail of two gusset diagonal brace lower ends that is positioned at door column top and the point of connection of underframe entablatrance and the gusset middle part of the side, left and right sides beam, above four points of connection is same point of connection; The point of connection of longeron under the point of connection of longeron under side window pillar lower end and the side window, the point of connection of two gusset diagonal braces upper ends that is positioned at this side window pillar below and one of them gusset diagonal brace upper end of this two gusset diagonal braces and the side window, more than three point of connection be same point of connection; The upward point of connection of longeron and top entablatrance of the point of connection of longeron and top is gone up on the point of connection of longeron on point of connection, post lower end and the side window of longeron on side window pillar upper end and the side window, post upper end and top, and above four points of connection is in same plane.
8,, it is characterized in that the described welding captive joint that is fixedly connected as according to the described a kind of unitary body of claim 1~6.
9,, it is characterized in that described crossbeam, longeron and diagonal brace all adopt rectangular tube to constitute according to the described a kind of unitary body of claim 1~6.
CNB2006100863514A 2006-07-03 2006-07-03 Completely-loaded vehicle body CN100404347C (en)

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