CN1818227A - Combined method for fastening soft soil ground by dual vacuum prepressing and dynamic extruding method - Google Patents

Combined method for fastening soft soil ground by dual vacuum prepressing and dynamic extruding method Download PDF

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CN1818227A
CN1818227A CN 200610038782 CN200610038782A CN1818227A CN 1818227 A CN1818227 A CN 1818227A CN 200610038782 CN200610038782 CN 200610038782 CN 200610038782 A CN200610038782 A CN 200610038782A CN 1818227 A CN1818227 A CN 1818227A
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vacuum
low
layer
ramming
soft foundation
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CN100516375C (en
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张志铁
叶吉
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张志铁
叶吉
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Abstract

A method for reinforcement of yielding soil of large area or hollow land includes the following procedures in order: 1. low position vacuum pre-press procedure as building cofferdam, filling in sludge to certain height, paving cloth and bamboo fence on the top, vertically inserting in water emission plastic boards, laying horizontal vacuum pipe net, installing vacuum pre-press system and sealing with mud layer of 0.8-1.5 m thick then vacuum bumping for pre-press; 2. high vacuum rate well point water reduction procedure as applying a high vacuum rate well point water reduction system on the mud sealing layer, removing well point pipe after the first round of water reduction; 3. low power strong tamping procedure as paving a layer of filling material on the mud sealing layer then tamping. Roller compact the surface after 2-3 rounds of procedure 2 and 3.

Description

Two vacuum preloadings and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of comprehensive strengthening method of large-area soft ground.Be applicable to mud, mucky soil ground.Be particularly useful for the large tracts of land reinforcement of soft soil and utilize serous fluid of dredger fill to raise reclaiming fields from the sea of its elevation or low-lying land raising engineering.
Background technology:
Along with reform and opening-up, construction land day is becoming tight, generally all reclaiming fields from the sea in coastal various places for this reason, and these beaches not only bearing capacity is low, and ground level is lower, need blow sand in advance, throw after the native stone raising row to the beach soft foundation and go up backfilling material and carry out consolidation process by traditional method again.Traditional method is the cost height not only, and is long in time limit and seriously destroy ecological environment, unfavorable to sustainable development.In recent years, southeastern coast people begin to utilize in river, the lake and the basin navigation channel in dredging mud as backfilling material, the purpose of accomplishing desilting and getting both with making, need mud layer that beach soft foundation and hydraulic reclamation are raised carries out consolidation process simultaneously for this reason.Reinforcing soft ground and the process of raising its elevation have multiple: as reinforcing techniques such as preloading, vacuum preloading joint preloading methods.Especially ZL97100652.0 has invented and has a kind ofly made the new technology of mudding layer in order to the low position vacuum preloading method reinforcing soft ground of holding one's breath with serous fluid of dredger fill, this process by mud for film, Guan Daisha, improve and make pressing system efficient to reach purpose of energy saving, " cutting out a piece of cloth in a way with the minimum material to make two or more articles of clothing " function of having finished desilting and having got both with making has fairly obvious economic benefit and social benefit.But this process itself also has some significant disadvantages so that has limited the enforcement and the popularization of this process to a great extent, and its major defect has:
1, consolidation effect is not ideal
In large tracts of land hydraulic reclamation engineering because the planeness in the soil nature of mud and flowability, place, the factors such as position of blowing the mud mouth make the became uneven of mudding layer, if the mudding layer too thin (<60cm) will cause leaking gas because of the mudding layer ftractures in natural evaporation is fixed; If the mudding layer blocked up (>80cm), will be remaining certain thickness without fixed soft interlayer at interlayer, more than 2 all directly influenced consolidation effect.
2, the soft foundation intensity after the reinforcing is not high
The negative pressure of vacuum of low position vacuum preloading method technology is generally 80Kpa, the thickness that adds the mudding layer on it is unsuitable blocked up, and the selfweight stress of corresponding mudding layer is less, so both joint preloading loads are also little, fixed index after precompressed is lower, causes the soft foundation intensity after the reinforcing not high.
3, the fixed index after the reinforcing is too low
Because it is fixed that the mudding layer mainly takes place down by natural evaporation, and based on the fixed naturally difficulty of the mudding layer of clay, cause fixed index lower; Special when the mudding layer is thicker, the existence owing to without fixed soft interlayer makes its fixed index lower.
Above-mentioned shortcoming has restricted the enforcement and the popularization of this process to a great extent.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, provide a kind of mud layer that soft foundation and hydraulic reclamation are raised to handle and handle place, back degree of consolidation height, high two vacuum preloadings and the power compacting method joint reinforcement subgrade method of short, fixed back intensity of fixed cycle simultaneously.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of pair of vacuum preloading and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method is characterized in that it comprises following processing step:
A), low position vacuum preloading
Build the cofferdam earlier in processed soft foundation periphery, the serous fluid of dredger fill layer is certain elevation on the soft foundation surface, at serous fluid of dredger fill layer upper berth geotextiles and bamboo fragrant plant layer, on the bamboo fragrant plant, erect and insert plastic draining board, shop vacuum level pipe network, the vacuum preloading system be installed and blow the mudding layer, mudding bed thickness 0.8~1.5m, best mudding bed thickness 1~1.2m, the vacuum preloading system vacuumizes precompressed
B), high vacuum well-points dewatering
Arrange high vacuum well-points dewatering system on the mudding layer, the first pass vacuum-dewatering is pulled out the well point pipe,
C), low-energy strong-ramming lays one deck filler on the mudding layer, carry out the first pass low-energy strong-ramming,
D), through 2~3 take turns " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " construction after, the mudding layer and down weak soil reach overconsolidation,
E), vibroroller cmpacting, smooth place.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, the filter of described well point pipe stretch in the mudding layer more than the 0.4m.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method are laid the thick 0.3~0.5m of packing layer on the described mudding layer.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, the tamping energy of described first pass low-energy strong-ramming is got 500~800KNm, the tamping energy of second time low-energy strong-ramming is got 800~1000KNm, and the tamping energy of the 3rd time low-energy strong-ramming is got 1000~1200KNm.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, weak soil reaches the design degree of consolidation under the mudding layer, and when the mudding layer also reached certain intensity, the construction of low position vacuum preloading method finished.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, the first pass vacuum-dewatering time is at 5~7 days, and when coefficient of balance>0.75, the first pass vacuum-dewatering finishes.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, first pass low-energy strong-ramming blossom type is arranged, every clicks 1~2 is hit, the first pass low-energy strong-ramming finishes when last two hit injection amount<10cm, second time the low-energy strong-ramming blossom type is arranged, every clicks 2~3 is hit, and the 3rd time low-energy strong-ramming completely rams, and every clicks 1~2 is hit.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, horizontal main and arm are promptly laid by described vacuum preloading system on the bamboo fragrant plant, the plastic draining board connecting branch, and arm connects main, main links to each other with collecting well, and collecting well links to each other with vacuum pump.
Two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, described high vacuum well-points dewatering system i.e. the perpendicular well point pipe of inserting on the mudding layer, the well point pipe links to each other with many horizontal tube connectors, tube connector is connected with water header, water header links to each other with house steward, and house steward links to each other with vacuum water absorber.
Compare with the low position vacuum preloading method, major advantage of the present invention has:
The present invention also has following major advantage except the advantage with low position vacuum preloading method:
1, this worker method can be carried out second consolidation to the mudding layer effectively, in construction, can adopt thicker mudding layer (1~1.2m), facts have proved that the mudding layer thickness surpasses 1m, the 80Kpa condition of high vacuum degree is kept about 100 days effectively, the degree of consolidation of mudding layer and following weak soil thereof is reached more than 80%;
2, this worker method can be carried out second consolidation to the mudding layer effectively, in construction, can adopt thicker mudding layer (1~1.2m), facts have proved that thicker mudding layer increases effectively because of the contribution of gravity pressure to prefabricating load, improved the fixed index of weak soil under the mudding layer;
3, this worker method can be carried out second consolidation to the mudding layer effectively, in construction, can adopt thicker mudding layer (1~1.2m), facts have proved that thicker mudding layer can prevent the gas leakage of the system of holding one's breath, fixed cycle is shortened, saved the reinforcing energy consumption;
4, this worker method adopts " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " construction that backfill is arranged to mudding layer and following weak soil thereof, reinforcing finishes the mudding layer and weak soil is rapidly solidified down, facts have proved that mudding layer and following weak soil bearing capacity thereof can reach about 100Kpa after treatment;
5, this worker method to the mudding layer and down weak soil adopt " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " construction that backfill is arranged, make shallow layer reinforcement influence intensity height of depth bounds formation, crust layer that modulus of compressibility is high, reduce the settlement after construction in place effectively;
6, adopt vacuum water absorber (ZL200320120763.7) in the vacuum-dewatering system of this worker method, the efficient height facts have proved, the efficient of this device is 2~3 times of water-circulating pump;
7, adopt cross well point pipe in the vacuum-dewatering system of this worker method, its advantage be price low and saved many in rough sand,
8, the power of this worker method hits the low-energy strong-ramming that close system adopts backfill, and its advantage is effectively to the mudding layer and the weak soil compacting is compacted and prevent " spongy soil " phenomenon down.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is two vacuum preloadings of the present invention and power compacting method joint reinforcement subgrade method typical case schematic cross-sectional view.
Fig. 2 reinforces schematic diagram for the inventive method.
The cross well point pipe schematic diagram that Fig. 3 adopts for the inventive method.
Fig. 4 is that the inventive method is arranged high vacuum precipitation system figure on the mudding layer.
Shown in the figure: cofferdam 1, place natural soft soil foundation 2 is in order to each one deck 4 of serous fluid of dredger fill layer 3, geotextiles and bamboo fragrant plant in raising place, plastic draining board 5, backfills 8 such as vacuum level pipe network 6, mudding layer 7, rock ballast, high vacuum precipitation system 9, vacuum pump 10 hits close system 11.
The specific embodiment:
1, low position vacuum preloading method construction: referring to Fig. 1, before hydraulic reclamation, build cofferdam 1 earlier in processed soft foundation 2 peripheries, be certain elevation at soft foundation 2 surperficial serous fluid of dredger fill layers 3, at mud layer 3 upper berth geotextiles and each one deck 4 of bamboo fragrant plant, erect on the bamboo fragrant plant and insert plastic draining board 5, shop vacuum level pipe network 6, the vacuum preloading system is installed, blows mudding layer 7, the vacuum preloading system vacuumizes precompressed.Weak soil reaches the design degree of consolidation under the mudding layer, and when the mudding layer also reached certain intensity, the construction of low position vacuum preloading method finished.Horizontal main and arm are promptly laid by the vacuum preloading system on the bamboo fragrant plant, the plastic draining board connecting branch, and arm connects main, and main links to each other with collecting well, and collecting well links to each other with vacuum pump.
2, arrange high vacuum well-points dewatering system on the mudding layer, the first pass vacuum-dewatering begins: promptly perpendicular many rows of inserting manage (seeing Fig. 2 (a) (b) (c)) in parallel cross well point on mudding layer 7.The filter of cross well point pipe is 1.0m, stretches into 0.4m in the mudding layer, well point tube pitch 4 * 4m; The well point pipe links to each other with many horizontal tube connectors, tube connector adopts 41mm * 51mm * 40mm to include transparent woollen goods pipe of screw type steel wire, tube connector is connected with water header, water header adopts Φ 63mmPVC pipe, internode connects with supporting with it special joint, and threeway links to each other water header with house steward, and house steward links to each other with vacuum water absorber.In the rich groundwater area, processed soft foundation is outer should to be provided with peripheral tube sealing.
Referring to Fig. 3, " cross " well point pipe is that the aperture that bores ¢ 12~18mm on tube wall is 60 ° of quincunx distributions of angle, and well point pipe lower end closed is as Fig. 3 (a); Around the pipe of well point, answer 4~8 bamboos 12, with iron wire colligation 13, as Fig. 3 (b); Or available 4~8 reinforcing bars 14, spot welding from the side 15 is at well point pipe outer wall, as Fig. 3 (c, e).Chimney filter outer wall bag 2~4 metafiltration nets or geotextiles 16 can be recycled.Keep slit between filter screen or geotextiles and the well point tube wall, underground water is flowed, in the slit as Fig. 3 (d) greater than 5mm.
3, precipitation time is generally at 5~7 days, when coefficient of balance greater than 0.75 the time, the first pass vacuum-dewatering finishes.
4, pull out cross well point pipe, on the mudding layer, lay the backfills such as rock ballast of one deck 0.3~0.5m, carry out the first pass low-energy strong-ramming.The tamping energy of first pass low-energy strong-ramming is got 500~800KNm, and spacing 4.5m blossom type arranges that every clicks 1~2 is hit, and the first pass low-energy strong-ramming finishes when last two hit injection amount<10cm.
5, through 2~3 take turns " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " construction after, the mudding layer and down weak soil reach overconsolidation.
6, vibroroller cmpacting, smooth place.
Annotate: second and third time vacuum-dewatering and low-energy strong-ramming parameters and index see accompanying drawing 2 (b), (c) and subordinate list 1 for details.
Table 1: low-energy strong-ramming table:
Pass Tamping energy Arrangement form Spacing Every clicks Ram the seal overlap joint
1 500~800KNm Quincunx 4.5×4.5m 1~2 hits /
2 800~1000KNm Quincunx 4.5×4.5m 2~3 hit /
3 1000~1200KNm The full rammer Ram the seal overlap joint 1~2 hits 1/3
The reinforcing principle of " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " of the present invention technology:
Behind low position vacuum preloading method construction reinforcement, though mudding layer and following serous fluid of dredger fill layer varying strength thereof obtain reinforcing, but still belong to the mucky soil category, need make second consolidation with layering " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming ".The following (see figure 4) of reinforcing principle of worker's method:
1, erect about slotting well point pipe 2m, vacuumize and make shallow soil water content ω reduction under the precipitating, pre-pressing load, the soil body obtains compression concretion, simultaneously, because the reduction of the water content of shallow soil, for low-energy strong-ramming creates conditions.
2, take out well point pipe, make low-energy strong-ramming behind the backfills such as shop one deck rock ballast, it is close that the shallow soil of first round precipitating, pre-pressing is rammed under tamping energy, and mud layer vertically the crack occurring in the tamping energy influence basin simultaneously, takes turns precipitation drainage channel is provided for second.
3, perpendicular inserting about the pipe 3~4m of well point carried out second and taken turns the high vacuum well-points dewatering.
4, second take turns the low-energy strong-ramming construction.
Second takes turns well point pipe range 3~4m, the long 2~3m of filter, third round well point pipe range 6~8m, the long 5~7m of filter.Generally through 2~3 take turns " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " construction after, the mudding layer and down weak soil reach overconsolidation, last vibroroller cmpacting, smooth place.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method is characterized in that it comprises following processing step:
A), low position vacuum preloading
Build the cofferdam earlier in processed soft foundation periphery, the serous fluid of dredger fill layer is certain elevation on the soft foundation surface, at serous fluid of dredger fill layer upper berth geotextiles and bamboo fragrant plant layer, on the bamboo fragrant plant, erect and insert plastic draining board, shop vacuum level pipe network, the vacuum preloading system be installed and blow the mudding layer, mudding bed thickness 0.8~1.5m, the vacuum preloading system vacuumizes precompressed
B), high vacuum well-points dewatering
Arrange high vacuum well-points dewatering system on the mudding layer, the first pass vacuum-dewatering is pulled out the well point pipe,
C), low-energy strong-ramming lays one deck filler on the mudding layer, carry out the first pass low-energy strong-ramming,
D), through 2~3 take turns " high vacuum well-points dewatering-low-energy strong-ramming " construction after, the mudding layer and down weak soil reach overconsolidation,
E), vibroroller cmpacting, smooth place.
2, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method is characterized in that: mudding bed thickness 1~1.2m.
3, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method is characterized in that: the filter of well point pipe stretches in the mudding layer more than the 0.4m.
4, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method is characterized in that: lay the thick 0.3~0.5m of packing layer on the mudding layer.
5, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, it is characterized in that: the tamping energy of first pass low-energy strong-ramming is got 500~800KNm, the tamping energy of second time low-energy strong-ramming is got 800~1000KNm, and the tamping energy of the 3rd time low-energy strong-ramming is got 1000~1200KNm.
6, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, it is characterized in that: weak soil reaches the design degree of consolidation under the mudding layer, and when the mudding layer also reached certain intensity, the construction of low position vacuum preloading method finished.
7, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method is characterized in that: the first pass vacuum-dewatering time is at 5~7 days, and when coefficient of balance>0.75, the first pass vacuum-dewatering finishes.
8, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, it is characterized in that: first pass low-energy strong-ramming blossom type is arranged, every clicks 1~2 is hit, the first pass low-energy strong-ramming finishes when last two hit injection amount<10cm, second time the low-energy strong-ramming blossom type arranges that every clicks 2~3 is hit, and the 3rd time low-energy strong-ramming rams the seal overlap joint, the full rammer, every clicks 1~2 is hit.
9, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, it is characterized in that: horizontal main and arm are promptly laid by described vacuum preloading system on the bamboo fragrant plant, the plastic draining board connecting branch, arm connects main, main links to each other with collecting well, and collecting well links to each other with vacuum pump.
10, a kind of pair of vacuum preloading according to claim 1 and power compacting method joint reinforcement soft foundation method, it is characterized in that: described high vacuum well-points dewatering system i.e. the perpendicular well point pipe of inserting on the mudding layer, the well point pipe links to each other with many horizontal tube connectors, tube connector is connected with water header, water header links to each other with house steward, and house steward links to each other with vacuum water absorber.
CNB2006100387823A 2006-03-07 2006-03-07 Combined method for fastening soft soil ground by dual vacuum prepressing and dynamic extruding method Expired - Fee Related CN100516375C (en)

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CN100532729C (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-08-26 刘汉龙 High vacuum well-points dewatering groundwork treatment method by shallow ramming compaction and deep blasting compaction
CN101349051B (en) * 2008-09-09 2010-06-02 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 Saline soil area combined drain system and forced ramming foundation treating method thereof
CN101302757B (en) * 2008-03-07 2010-06-09 张伯谦 Method for quickly processing heavy layer soft soil foundation
CN101457519B (en) * 2007-12-12 2010-09-22 上海港湾软地基处理工程(集团)有限公司 Rapid 'stereo high vacuum water covering prepressing' superficial layer flexible foundation treatment method
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CN101457519B (en) * 2007-12-12 2010-09-22 上海港湾软地基处理工程(集团)有限公司 Rapid 'stereo high vacuum water covering prepressing' superficial layer flexible foundation treatment method
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CN102888835A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-01-23 天津大学 Method for reinforcing dredger fill by sealing and vacuumizing secondary overlaid clay
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CN103758135A (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-04-30 孟凡林 Bamboo cage well wall for geotechnical engineering dewatering well and manufacturing method thereof
CN103758135B (en) * 2014-01-22 2015-10-28 孟凡林 A kind of geotechnical engineering dewatering well bamboo cage borehole wall and preparation method thereof
CN104088268A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-10-08 中交一航局第五工程有限公司 Construction method for handling soft soil foundation through light well point precipitation and dynamic compaction replacement method
CN104328776A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-02-04 同济大学 Method for predicting influence of dynamic compaction on soil body and surrounding environment
CN105926566A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-07 上海交通大学 Method for rapidly predicting earth surface deformation caused by dynamic compaction
CN105926566B (en) * 2016-05-05 2019-02-01 上海交通大学 The method that earth's surface caused by a kind of quick predict strong rammer deforms
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