CN1385049A - Communications system providing call type indication for group calls - Google Patents

Communications system providing call type indication for group calls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1385049A
CN1385049A CN00815025A CN00815025A CN1385049A CN 1385049 A CN1385049 A CN 1385049A CN 00815025 A CN00815025 A CN 00815025A CN 00815025 A CN00815025 A CN 00815025A CN 1385049 A CN1385049 A CN 1385049A
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China
Prior art keywords
group call
call
type
group
paging message
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CN00815025A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
P·E·施密德特
T·A·普尔泽洛米克
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艾利森公司
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Priority to US09/428,893 priority Critical patent/US6363258B1/en
Priority to US09/428,895 priority patent/US6516200B1/en
Priority to US09/428,378 priority patent/US6484037B1/en
Application filed by 艾利森公司 filed Critical 艾利森公司
Publication of CN1385049A publication Critical patent/CN1385049A/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M3/00Automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M3/42Systems providing special services or facilities to subscribers
    • H04M3/56Arrangements for connecting several subscribers to a common circuit, i.e. affording conference facilities
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/40Connection management for selective distribution or broadcast
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/57Arrangements for indicating or recording the number of the calling subscriber at the called subscriber's set
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2203/00Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M2203/20Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges related to features of supplementary services
    • H04M2203/2044Group features, e.g. closed user group
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2203/00Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M2203/20Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges related to features of supplementary services
    • H04M2203/2066Call type detection of indication, e.g. voice or fax, mobile of fixed, PSTN or IP
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2203/00Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M2203/50Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges related to audio conference
    • H04M2203/5063Centrally initiated conference, i.e. Conference server dials participants
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2207/00Type of exchange or network, i.e. telephonic medium, in which the telephonic communication takes place
    • H04M2207/18Type of exchange or network, i.e. telephonic medium, in which the telephonic communication takes place wireless networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M3/00Automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M3/42Systems providing special services or facilities to subscribers
    • H04M3/46Arrangements for calling a number of substations in a predetermined sequence until an answer is obtained
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M3/00Automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M3/42Systems providing special services or facilities to subscribers
    • H04M3/46Arrangements for calling a number of substations in a predetermined sequence until an answer is obtained
    • H04M3/465Arrangements for simultaneously calling a number of substations until an answer is obtained
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W68/00User notification, e.g. alerting and paging, for incoming communication, change of service or the like

Abstract

组呼服务器向某种类型的通信终端提供用于组呼的呼叫类型的指示及任选地其它信息,以便区分这样的呼叫与其它类型的呼叫。 Group call server provides a call type indication for the group call, and optionally other information to a certain type of communication terminal, in order to distinguish such calls with other types of calls. 当目标通信终端适合接收并作用于这样的信息时,负责组呼的组呼服务器选择性地为输出寻呼消息的主叫号码字段扩充一个或多个指示符标志。 When the group call server receives and target communication terminal adapted to act on such information, the group call is responsible for the selective calling number field of the output of the paging message to one or more extension indicator flag. 指示符标志指示组呼的一个或多个特性,诸如呼叫类型、呼叫子类型、或优先级。 One or more characteristics of the indicator flag indicating the group call, such as call type, sub-type, or priority. 一个标志可指示优先级,并且另一个标志可指示组呼的呼叫子类型。 A flag may indicate a priority, and the other flag may indicate the group call the call subtypes. 接收到扩充寻呼消息的通信终端将其诸如自动应答或不自动应答的响应建立在寻呼消息中指示的组呼特性上。 In response to receiving the paging message extension which communication terminal such as an automatic answering or automatic response to an indication in the paging message to establish the group call characteristics. 组呼服务器可以依靠现有信令和空中接口协议中已经内在的灵活性,以便可以在不需改变BMI的空中接口的情况下实现本文所公开的方法。 The group call server may rely on the existing signaling protocols and air interfaces have inherent flexibility, in order to be able to achieve without changing the method disclosed herein case BMI air interface.

Description

为组呼提供呼叫类型指示的通信系统 Providing an indication of the type of call is a group call communication system

发明背景本发明涉及通信系统领域,更具体地说,涉及一种在诸如无线通信系统的通信系统中处理组呼的方法。 Background of the Invention The present invention relates to communication systems, and more particularly, to a method of processing a group call in a communication system such as a wireless communication system.

诸如蜂窝电话、个人通信助理等的便携式无线通信装置的应用在整个社会快速增长。 Applications such as cellular phones, personal communication assistant, portable wireless communication device in the rapid growth of the whole society. 这些无线通信装置根据它们预期的应用而具有各种不同的配置。 These wireless communication devices have various different configurations depending on their intended application. 例如,普通蜂窝电话移动终端试图模仿传统陆线电话,不过具有诸如可携带性和记忆大量电话号码的附加功能性。 For example, an ordinary cellular phone mobile terminals trying to imitate traditional land-line telephone, but with additional functionality such as a portable memory and a large number of telephone numbers. 保留在大多数蜂窝电话中的陆线电话的一种特性是进行全双工通信的能力。 Retained most of the cellular telephone landline telephone one property is the ability to perform full duplex communication. 在典型的一对一的对话中,全双工操作允许双方同时说话,相反,在移动集群无线电电话的旧的先有技术中,同一时间只允许一方说话。 In a typical one on one conversation, full-duplex operation allows the double talk, on the contrary, in the old first mobile radio telephony cluster of art, at the same time allow only one party to speak. 另外,有了会议电话呼叫或其它多方能力,一般可以同时有多于两方说话。 In addition, with the multi-party conference call or other capacity, generally there are more than two parties speak simultaneously. 为了便于引用,这种全双工操作模式将被称为“电话模式”。 For ease of reference, the full-duplex mode of operation will be called "phone mode." 蜂窝电话中电话工作模式的细节是本领域的技术人员已知的。 Details cellular phone telephone mode of operation are known to those skilled in the art.

一些蜂窝电话不仅能在电话模式下工作,而且还能在此处称为无线电模式的情况下工作。 Some cellular phones can not only work in phone mode, but also work in the case referred to here as radio mode. 这些双模式装置的示例可以参见美国专利5450618和美国专利申请SN.09/361941和09/361747,所有这些都通过引用结合在此,并可参见英国专利申请9214180.3。 These examples can be found in dual-mode device in U.S. Patent 5,450,618 and U.S. Patent Application SN.09 / 361941 and 09/361747, all of which are incorporated herein by reference, and are described in UK Patent Application 9214180.3. 在无线电模式中,电话对用户看上去是在半双工方式下处理通信。 In radio mode, the user looks for processing telephone communication in half duplex mode. 也就是,蜂窝电话对用户看上去不是同时发送和接收语音数据。 That is, the cellular phone does not appear to both send and receive voice data to the user. 相反,用户一般必须按压一个被称为按讲(PTT)按钮的按钮才能在发送的数据中包括对应于用户语音的数据;否则,电话对用户看上去就像是它只接收似的。 Instead, the user must press in general is called a push to talk (PTT) button button corresponding to the user voice to include data in the data sent; otherwise, the phone user looks like it only receives like. 另外,双模式电话一般在无线电模式下自动应答呼入。 Further, the dual mode phone in general automatically answer incoming radio mode.

随着频率的增加,蜂窝电话、其它移动终端及通信终端一般都被用于组呼。 As the frequency increases, a cellular telephone, other mobile communication terminals and terminals have generally been used for the group call. 组呼是特殊类型的呼叫,其中始呼方尝试与一个或多个预定义用户组的成员进行通信。 Special type of group call is a call in which party origination attempt to communicate with one or more members of predefined groups of users. 可以利用诸如传统陆线电话、蜂窝电话、卫星电话、个人通信助理、寻呼机等的各种不同设备联络预定义组的成员。 Various devices may be utilized contact member predefined group such as a conventional landline telephone, cellular telephone, satellite telephone, personal communication assistant, a pager or the like. 最普通类型的组呼是会议电话呼叫,它包括在多个电话上的预定多个用户,诸如一个项目的所有工程师。 The most common type of group call is a conference call, which includes a predetermined multiple users on multiple phones, such as a project engineer for all. 另一种类型的组呼是从一个位置对所有收听成员的广播组呼,诸如从警察局对给定范围中所有巡警的组呼。 Another type of group call is a call to listen to broadcast to all members of the group from one location, such as all of the group call from the police patrol a given range. 组呼的一个共同特性是尽管不是所有组员参与任何给定组呼,但除了用于组呼的始呼方以外,组呼中可能的参与者的列表(即组员)在呼叫开始之前就已知。 A common characteristic of the group call that although not all members participate in any given group call, but except for group call origination square outside the group in the list of participants may call (ie members) just before the call begins A known.

如上所述,诸如双模式电话的许多通信终端在诸如无线电模式的一些情况下一般自动应答呼入。 As described above, many communication terminals, such as dual mode phone in some cases, such as general radio mode automatically answer incoming calls. 但是,正因为电话应答呼叫不一定表示是用户实际上正在听电话。 However, just because the phone to answer the call does not necessarily mean that the user is actually listening to the phone. 相反,可能用户将电话设置在诸如无线电模式的自动应答模式下,并使该电话处于无人值守的状态。 Instead, the user may be provided in the phone such as an automatic answering mode radio mode, and the telephone is unattended state. 如果是这样,则呼入可能被应答,但始呼方面对的是对一部没有用户在场的电话说话这样一种不值得羡慕的工作。 If so, the incoming call may be answered, but in terms of origination is not a user of the presence of such a phone talk unenviable job. 在组呼的情况下,这种自动应答特性可能特别成问题。 In the case of a group call, this automatic response characteristics can be especially problematic. 通常需要电话不要自动应答组呼,或至少某种类型的组呼。 Usually do not require automatic telephone answering group call, or at least some type of group call. 这种情况下,需要一种机制,使通信终端能在应答呼叫之前确定呼入是否为组呼、以及任选地组呼的一些更多的详细特性,而不是一个“正常”呼叫。 In this case, a need for a mechanism to enable the communication terminal to ascertain whether the incoming call is a group call before answering the call, group call, and optionally some of the more detailed characteristics, rather than a "normal" call. 但是,没有用于移动终端的确定呼叫是组呼还是非组呼(或组呼的其它方面)的已知方法。 However, there is no call for the mobile terminal determines that the non-group call or group call (group call or other aspects) of the known methods. 所以,仍需要一种在呼入是组呼时向诸如无线通信移动终端的通信终端指示的方法,以便所述通信终端能正确地进行响应。 Therefore, a need remains, so that the communication terminal can correctly respond to a wireless communication method of a communication terminal such as a mobile terminal when an incoming call is indicated in the group call. 任选地,这样一种方法也可以指示有关组呼的更多详细信息,以便通信终端更细致地调整它对呼叫的响应。 Optionally, a method can also indicate more detailed information about the group call, the communication terminal to more finely adjust its response to the call.

发明概述本发明向某些类型的通信终端提供对组呼的呼叫类型以及任选地其它信息的指示,以便将这样的呼叫同其它类型的呼入进行区分。 SUMMARY The present invention provides an indication of the type of call in the group call, and optionally other information to certain types of communication terminals, in order to distinguish such calls with other types of incoming calls.

在一个典型的实施例中,负责组呼的组呼服务器选择性地为呼出寻呼信息的主叫号码字段扩充一个或多个指示符标志,条件是目标通信终端适合接收这样的信息并按这样的信息作用。 In one exemplary embodiment, the group call is responsible for the group call server for selectively paging outgoing calling number field extension flag one or more indicators, with the proviso that the target communication terminal is adapted to receive such information so press the role of information. 指示符标志指示组呼的一个或多个特性,诸如呼叫类型、呼叫子类型、或优先级。 One or more characteristics of the indicator flag indicating the group call, such as call type, sub-type, or priority. 当本发明的组呼服务器接收到组呼请求时,组呼服务器查阅其用户组数据库。 When the group call server of the invention receives the group call request, the group call server Now that the user group database. 数据库中具有与所请求的用户组的组员相对应的记录。 Database having a user group members corresponding to the requested record. 记录最好包括各个呼叫地址(如电话号码)的对应设备的设备类型的指示。 Type recording apparatus preferably comprises individual call address (e.g., telephone number) corresponding to the indication device. 当设备类型被指示为对应于适合用于本发明的通信终端的类型(如增强型终端)时,组呼服务器修改寻呼消息的主叫字段,以包括附加信息;不然,组呼服务器按先有技术进行。 When the device type is indicated as corresponding to a suitable type for a communication terminal according to the present invention (e.g., enhanced terminal), the group call paging message server modifies the calling field, to include additional information; otherwise, the group call server according to the prior there are techniques. 例如,组呼服务器可以扩充主叫号码,以增加一个或多个指示符标志。 For example, the group call server may expand the calling number to add one or more indicator flag. 作为示例,第一标志可以表示优先级,而第二标志可以表示组呼的呼叫子类型。 As an example, the flag may indicate a first priority, and a second flag may indicate the group call the call subtype. 简言之,组呼服务器为增强型终端开始某一包括有关组呼的附加信息的寻呼消息。 Briefly, the enhanced group call server to a terminal starts a paging message related to the group call the additional information.

本发明还提供一种更加适合处理组呼的移动通信终端。 The present invention further provides a mobile communication terminal for processing a more group call. 诸如无线电模式下工作的双模式无线移动终端的通信终端接收组呼寻呼消息并根据标志字符来选择对所述寻呼消息的正确响应。 Dual-mode wireless communication terminal operating in the mobile terminal such as a radio group call paging message receiving mode and to select the correct response to the paging message according to the flag character. 移动终端最好检查所述寻呼消息的主叫字段并记录标志字符的出现。 Preferably the mobile terminal checks the paging message to the calling party field and the recording mark character appears. 当出现标志字符时,移动终端分析出标志字符和主叫ID。 When the flag character appears, the mobile terminal analyzes the flag character and caller ID. 根据标志字符,移动终端确定对所述寻呼消息的适当响应。 The flag character, the mobile terminal determines an appropriate response to the paging message. 这种响应可能包括例如控制移动终端的人机接口并确定是否自动应答呼叫。 Such response may include, for example, controlling the mobile terminal determines whether the human interface and automatically answering calls. 在最佳实施例中,移动终端自动应答某一/某些类型的组呼并且在应答其它类型组呼的寻呼呼叫之前需要用户的人工干预。 In the preferred embodiment, a mobile terminal automatically answering / call for certain types of groups of users and require manual intervention before answering other type of group call paging calls. 因此,接收扩充的寻呼消息的本发明的移动终端将它们诸如是否自动应答的响应建立在所述寻呼消息中指示的组呼特性的基础上。 Thus, the expansion of the received paging message to the mobile terminal of the present invention, such as whether to automatically respond to them based call establishment response characteristics of the group indicated in the paging message on.

在本发明的最佳实施例中,在仍保持与诸如ANSI-136系统的现有安装系统向后兼容的同时,本发明考虑到增强型组呼服务器和增强型通信终端提供这种增加的功能性。 In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, while still maintaining the ANSI-136 systems, such as a conventional mounting system is backward compatible, the present invention contemplates enhanced group call server and a communication terminal provide this enhanced functionality increases sex. 也就是,在最佳实施例中,本发明依靠现有空中接口协议中已经内在的灵活性。 That is, in the preferred embodiment, the present invention relies on the existing air interface protocol has been inherent in flexibility. 这样,本发明能在不需改变信令和空中接口协议或BMI(基站、移动交换中心、以及互连功能)的情况下实现。 Thus, the present invention can be achieved without changing the signaling protocol or air interface, and where BMI (base station, mobile switching center, and an interconnect function).

附图简述图1是适于本发明的通信终端、即无线通信装置的一个实施例的透视图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is adapted to the communication terminal of the present invention, i.e. a perspective view of an embodiment of a wireless communication device.

图2是图1的无线通信装置的示意表示。 A schematic of a wireless communication apparatus of FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a.

图3示出包括用于储存呼叫地址和相关信息的多个存储单元的存储器的一部分。 Figure 3 shows a portion of a memory comprising a plurality of memory cell to store call related information and the address.

图4示出根据本发明的用于处理组呼的一个处理流程。 FIG 4 shows a processing flow for a group call according to the present invention.

最佳实施例的详细描述下面的描述是根据蜂窝无线电话系统来描述的;但是,本发明不限于这种环境。 The following detailed description describes the preferred embodiment of the cellular radio telephone system is described; however, the present invention is not limited to this environment. 更具体地说,下面的描述是利用可能与ANSI-136系统有关的术语来描述的,但本领域的那些技术人员将会理解,本发明可以在其它无线通信环境下实现,其中包括按照例如GSM、IS-95或PDC的其它标准来设计的环境,以及利用例如CDMA的不同接入方法的环境。 More specifically, the following description may be described using terms related to ANSI-136 system, but those skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention may be implemented in other wireless communication environments, including, for example, according to GSM , iS-95 standard PDC or other environment to design, and the use of different access methods such as ambient CDMA.

图1示出适用于本发明的移动终端的一个实施例,一般用编号20表示。 Figure 1 illustrates the present invention applicable to a mobile terminal according to one embodiment, generally represented by reference numeral 20. 所示移动终端是数字蜂窝电话,但本发明不限于此,相反,本发明包括各种的无线通信装置、包括蜂窝电话、个人通信助理、寻呼机等。 The mobile terminal shown is a digital cellular telephone, but the present invention is not limited thereto, on the contrary, the present invention includes various wireless communication devices, including cellular telephones, personal communications assistants, pagers and the like. 此外,本发明不限于无线移动终端,相反,本发明包括陆线通信终端,或能接收输入组呼的其它类型的通信终端,其中包括基于因特网的通信终端。 Further, the present invention is not limited to a wireless mobile terminal, on the contrary, the present invention includes a land-line communications terminal, or other type of communication terminal can receive input group call, including Internet-based communication terminal. 但是,为讨论的简单起见,在此将使用双模式无线通信移动终端作为主要的说明性示例。 However, for simplicity's sake the discussion in this dual-mode wireless communication using a mobile terminal as the main illustrative example. 更具体地说,图1所示电话20将被用作主要的说明性示例。 More specifically, the telephone 20 shown in Figure 1 is used as an illustrative example the primary. 电话20最好是如下所述的能在电话工作模式和无线电工作模式下工作的双模式电话。 Phone 20 as described below is preferably capable of operating in a phone operation mode and a dual mode radio telephone operating mode.

蜂窝电话20一般包括控制器22、操作员界面26、发射机38、接收机50和天线装置58。 Usually the cellular phone 20 includes a controller 22, operator interface 26, a transmitter 38, receiver 50 and antenna 58. 操作员界面26一般包括显示器28、小键盘30、控制单元32、麦克风34以及两个扬声器80和85。 The operator interface 26 typically includes a display 28, keypad 30, control unit 32, a microphone 34, and two speakers 80 and 85. 显示器28使操作员能看见所拨的数字、呼叫状态、以及其它服务信息。 The display 28 allows the operator to see dialed digits, call status, and other service information. 键盘30使操作员能够拨号、输入命令以及选择选项。 Keyboard 30 enables the operator to dial numbers, enter commands, and select options. 控制单元32使显示器28和小键盘30与控制器22连接。 The control unit 32 causes the display 28 and keypad 30 and the controller 22 is connected.

麦克风34从用户接收声信号并将声信号转换为模拟电信号。 Microphone 34 receives acoustic signals from a user and converts the acoustic signals into an analog electrical signal. 扬声器80和85将来自接收机50的模拟电信号转换为用户能可闻的声信号。 Speaker 80 and the acoustic signal receiver 85 converts the analog electrical signal 50 to the user can be heard from. 第一扬声器80是低音量扬声器,它一般位于显示器28的上面,使得当电话20以传统电话手机方向被拿近用户头部时,该扬声器80最接近用户的耳朵。 The first speaker bass speaker 80, which is generally located above the display 28, such that when the telephone 20 in a conventional telephone handset when the direction to get near the user's head, the speaker 80 is closest to the user's ear. 第二扬声器85是高音量扬声器,一般位于电话20上低音量扬声器80的相对端。 The second speaker 85 is a high-volume speaker, telephone 20 generally located on opposite ends of the bass speaker 80. 见图1。 see picture 1. 低音量扬声器80在电话处于“电话模式”时充当电话的主扬声器,而高音量扬声器85在“无线电模式”中充当电话的主扬声器,下面将对此进行更详细的讨论。 Bass loudspeaker 80 serving as a main speaker phone when the phone is in "telephone mode", and the high volume of the loudspeaker 85 acts as a main speaker phone "radio mode", as will be discussed in more detail below. 必要时,可能有一个开关(未示出)位于通向扬声器80和85的电路通道中,用于将音频输出传送到这个或那个扬声器。 If necessary, there may be a switch (not shown) is situated on the speaker circuit 85 and the channel 80, for delivering audio output to the speaker or the. 这样一种开关应该直接或非直接地在控制器22的控制下工作。 Such a switch should work directly or indirectly under the control of the controller 22.

小键盘30包括多个按键,其中至少包括第一键70和第二键75。 Keypad 30 comprises a plurality of keys, including at least a first key and the second key 75 70. 对本说明来说,第一键70是发送键而第二键是PTT键。 Purposes of this description, a first key and the second key 70 is a key is transmitted PTT key. 将会理解,小键盘30的按键可以是物理按键或虚拟按键(诸如显示器28上所示),并且按键不必仅置于电话20的一个区域。 It will be understood, the keypad 30 keys may be physical keys or virtual keys (such as that shown on display 28), and a button disposed area need not only telephone 20. 实际上,发送键70的位置最好和PTT键75有一定的距离。 In fact, the position of the send key 70 is preferably PTT key 75 and a certain distance. 例如,发送键70可以靠近位于电话20面板的普通3×4电话键阵列,而PTT键75可以位于电话20的侧面,靠近显示器28,见图1。 For example, the transmission key 70 may near normal phone key 3 × 4 array panel 20 of the phone, while the PTT button 75 may be located on the side of the phone 20, approaches the display 28, shown in Figure 1.

来自麦克风34的模拟电信号被提供给发射机38。 An analog electric signal from the microphone 34 is supplied to the transmitter 38. 发射机38包括模/数转换器40、数字信号处理器42、以及调相器和RF放大器48。 The transmitter 38 includes an analog / digital converter 40, digital signal processor 42, and the phase modulator and RF amplifier 48. 模/数转换器40将来自麦克风34的模拟电信号转换为数字信号。 A / D converter 40 converts the analog electrical signal from the microphone 34 into a digital signal. 数字信号被传送到数字信号处理器(DSP)42,数字信号处理器42中包括语音编码器44和信道编码器46。 The digital signal is transmitted to a digital signal processor (DSP) 42, a digital signal processor 42 includes a voice encoder 44 and a channel encoder 46. 语音编码器44对数字信号进行压缩,而信道编码器46插入检错、纠错和信令信息。 The speech encoder 44 compresses the digital signal, and the channel encoder 46 is inserted error detection, error correction and signaling information. DSP42可包括DTMF单音发生器(未示出)或与之一起工作。 DSP42 may comprise DTMF tones generator (not shown) to or work together. 来自数字信号处理器42的压缩和编码信号被传送到调相器和RF放大器48,它们在图2中作为组合单元示出。 Compressed and encoded signal from the digital signal processor 42 is transmitted to the phase modulator and RF amplifier 48, which in FIG. 2 is shown as a combined unit. 调制器将信号转换为适合在RF载波上传送的形式。 Modulator converts the signal into a form suitable for transmission on an RF carrier. RF放大器接着放大调制器的输出,用于通过天线装置58进行传送。 The RF amplifier then amplifies the output of the modulator, means for transmitting via the antenna 58.

接收机50包括接收机/放大器52、数字信号处理器54、以及数/模转换器56。 Receiver 50 includes a receiver / amplifier 52, digital signal processor 54, and D / A converter 56. 天线装置58接收的信号被传送到接收机/放大器52,它对频谱进行频移,并将低电平RF信号发大到适合输入到数字信号处理器54的电平。 The antenna device 58 receives the signal transmitted to the receiver / amplifier 52, a frequency shift of its spectrum, and a low level RF signal is sent to a large level suitable for input to the digital signal processor 54.

数字信号处理器54一般包括均衡器、解调器和检测器,其中所述均衡器用于补偿信道恶化信号中的相位和振幅失真,所述解调器用于从接收信号中析取比特序列,而所述检测器则用于根据析取序列来确定发送的比特。 The digital signal processor 54 typically includes an equalizer, a demodulator and a detector, wherein said channel equalizer for compensating for signal deterioration in the phase and amplitude distortion, a demodulator for extracting bit sequences from the received signal, and it is the detector for determining transmitted bits based on extraction sequence. 信道解码器检测并纠正接收信号中的信道错误。 Channel decoder detects and corrects channel errors in the received signal. 信道解码器也包括用于把控制和信令数据与语音数据分离的逻辑。 Also comprises a channel decoder for the control and signaling data and voice data separation logic. 控制和信令数据被传送到控制器22。 Control and signaling data is transmitted to controller 22. 语音数据由语音解码器进行处理并被传送到数/模转换器56。 The voice data is processed by a speech decoder and transmitted to the D / A converter 56. 数字信号处理器54可包括DTMF单音检测器(未示出)或与之一起工作。 The digital signal processor 54 may include a DTMF tone detector (not shown) to or work together.

数/模转换器56将语音数据转换为模拟信号,它被提供给扬声器80和85的其中之一,以产生用户可闻的声信号,以下将对此作更详细的描述。 D / A converter 56 converts the voice data into an analog signal, which is supplied to one of the speakers 80 and 85 to produce audible sound signal of a user, as will be described hereinafter in more detail.

天线装置58被连接到发射机38的RF放大器和接收机50的接收机/放大器52。 The receiver antenna devices 58 is connected to a transmitter 38 and receiver 50 of RF amplifier / amplifier 52. 天线装置58一般包括双工器60和天线62。 The antenna device 58 typically includes a duplexer 60 and antenna 62. 双工器60在需要时允许通过天线62的全双工通信。 The duplexer 60 allows full-duplex communications via the antenna 62 when needed.

控制器22协调发射机38和接收机50的操作,并且可能例如采取普通微处理器的形式。 Coordinating operation of the controller 22 of the transmitter 38 and receiver 50, and may for example take the form of a common microprocessor. 这种协调包括功率控制、信道选择、定时以及许多其它功能。 This coordination includes power control, channel selection, timing, and many other functions. 控制器22在发送的信号中插入信令消息,并从接收的信号中析取信令消息。 The controller 22 is inserted in the signaling message transmitted signal, and extracting from the signaling messages received signal. 控制器22响应于信令消息中包含的任何基站命令并执行这些命令。 The controller 22 responds to any base station commands contained in the signaling message and executes the command. 当用户通过小键盘输入命令时,该命令被传送到控制器22供作用。 When a user inputs a command through the keypad, the command is transmitted to the controller 22 for action.

存储器24在控制器22的指示下储存并提供信息,并且最好包括易失和非易失部分。 The memory 24 stores and provides information indicative of the controller 22 and preferably includes both volatile and nonvolatile portion. 存储器24包括多个用于储存呼叫地址的存储单元90,见图3。 The memory 24 includes a plurality of memory cells for storing call address 90, shown in Figure 3. 这些单元90可以被看作分为至少两部分:第一部分92和第二部分94。 The unit 90 may be regarded as divided into at least two portions: a first portion 92 and second portion 94. 第一部分92包括第一N个呼叫地址存储单元90,而第二部分94包括所剩下的存储单元90。 The first portion 92 comprises a first N call address storage unit 90, and the second portion 94 comprises the remainder of the storage unit 90. 为了说明,N将被假设为25,但可以使用任何大于1的数字。 To illustrate, N is assumed to be 25, but any number greater than 1. 用户通过任何本领域已知的方法输入要储存在存储单元90中的呼叫地址。 The user input 90 to call address stored in the memory cell by any method known in the art. 可以预见,存储单元90可能被非连续地填充;例如,存储单元1、4、8、10、24及35-45可能被填充,而剩下的为空。 It is foreseeable that the storage unit 90 may be filled with a non-continuous; e.g., the storage unit may be filled 1,4,8,10,24 and 35-45, while the remaining empty.

电话20最好能在电话模式和无线电模式下工作。 Telephone 20 is preferably capable of operating in a phone mode and a radio mode. 电话模式仅仅是电话工作模式,其特征在于电话20按照本领域众所周知的任何方式的全双工操作,诸如按照ANSI-136的全双工操作。 Telephone phone mode only operation mode, wherein the full-duplex phone 20 according to the known art in any way, such as in accordance with ANSI-136 full-duplex operation. 在电话模式中,对话对电话20的用户看上去是同时双向的。 In phone mode, the user of the telephone conversation of 20 appears to be simultaneous bidirectional. 这种行为与先有技术的数字蜂窝电话是共同的。 This behavior prior art digital cellular phones are common. 无线电模式是电话20的工作模式,其中电话20对用户看上去是工作在半双工模式。 Radio mode is the mode of the phone 20, 20 phone where the user appears to be working in half-duplex mode. 在无线电模式中,对话对电话20的用户看上去是双向的、但不是同时的。 In radio mode, the user of the telephone conversation of 20 appears to be two-way, but not at the same time. 相反,在呼叫会话期间,麦克风34和扬声器85的操作相互排它。 In contrast, during a call session, a microphone 34 and a speaker 85 operate mutually exclusive. 当按压PTT键75时,电话20的麦克风34有效;当不按压PTT键75时,扬声器85有效。 When the user presses a PTT key 75, a telephone microphone 20 is effectively 34; 75, 85 effective when the speaker does not press the PTT button. 为了便于引用,PTT键75对应于有效麦克风34的情况可被称为“说话位置”而PTT键75对应于有效扬声器85的情况可被称为“收听位置”。 For ease of reference, the PTT key 75 corresponds to the case where the effective microphone 34 may be referred to as "talk position" corresponds to the case where the PTT button 75 active speakers 85 may be referred to as a "listening position." 先有集群无线电电话的用户熟悉这种操作。 The first trunked radio telephone users are familiar with this operation. 因此,当在无线电模式时,电话20模仿集群无线电电话的人机接口。 Therefore, when in radio mode, telephone 20 trunked radio telephone imitate human-machine interface.

电话20的无线电模式行为最好被局限于电话20,表示电话20和无线通信系统的其它部分之间的通信像电话模式中的数字蜂窝电话,但人机接口对用户就像集群无线电电话。 Mode behavior radio telephone 20 is preferably limited to telephone 20, as represented by a communication between the telephone mode and the other portions 20 of the wireless telephone communication system, a digital cellular telephone, but the human interface for the user cluster as radio telephone. 因此,当电话20在无线电模式下工作时,电话20对通信系统的其它部分就像是全双工或半双工。 Thus, when the phone 20 is operating in radio mode, the other portion of phone 20 like the communication system is full or half duplex. 对工作在无线电模式下的电话的唯一要求是:不论从通信系统的观点看的事实如何,电话20对用户看上去是半双工的。 The only requirement to work in the radio phone model is: regardless of the communication system from the perspective of looking at the facts, look to the user telephone 20 is half-duplex. 电话20的无线电模式操作还公开在共同拥有的美国专利申请SN.09/234191中,通过引用将其结合在此。 20 radio telephone operating mode also disclosed in commonly owned U.S. Patent Application SN.09 / 234191, which is incorporated by reference herein.

一般,用户用呼叫地址信息来填充一个或多个可用存储单元90。 Usually, the user using the address information of the call to populate one or more available memory cell 90. 呼叫地址信息一般是诸如与另一个蜂窝电话、或传统陆线电话、或计算机等有关的普通电话号码。 Address information such as a general call with another cellular phone, or a conventional landline telephone, computer, or other common telephone number associated. 另外,可能有诸如名称等的与各个呼叫地址有关的字母数字识别标签。 Further, there may be an alphanumeric identification tag associated with each call address such as a name or the like. 本文使用术语“呼叫地址”而不是“电话号码”是因为虽然呼叫地址信息可能是电话号码,但呼叫地址信息也可能是用于建立组呼的一组识别号码。 As used herein, the term "Calling" instead of "telephone number" is because although the call address information may be a telephone number, but the call address information may also be used to establish a group call to the group ID number.

如上所述的组呼是一种特殊类型的呼叫,其中始呼方尝试与预定义的用户组的一个或多个成员进行通信。 Group as described above, a special type of call is a call in which one or more members of the called party attempts to start with the predefined user group communication. 组呼具有多种呼叫类型。 Group call having a plurality of call types. 两种常用的呼叫类型是广播型和谈话型。 Two commonly used type is a broadcast call and talk type. 对于广播类型,在组呼期间的主信息流为单向的,即从一个源(始呼方)到一个或多个目的地(组员)。 For the broadcast type, in the main stream during a group call is unidirectional, i.e., from a source (origination side) to one or more destinations (members). 因此,在广播类型组呼中,只有组呼的始呼方可能说话,而接收者被限于收听。 Thus, in a broadcast group call, only the group call origination party may speak, and the receiver was limited to listening. 对于谈话型的组呼,在组呼期间的主信息流可能是双向的。 For the type of group call conversation, the main flow of information during the group call may be bidirectional. 因此,在谈话型组呼中,始呼方和参与组员都可以说话和收听。 Therefore, in a conversation-type group call, the origination side and the participation of members can talk and listen.

各个呼叫类型还可能被分类为呼叫子类型。 Each call type may also be classified as a call subtype. 例如,谈话型组呼还可以被分为顺序、同时第一应答(simultaneous-first-answer)、以及会议子类型。 For example, talk-type group call may also be divided sequentially while the first response (simultaneous-first-answer), and conference subtype. 对于顺序子类型组呼,无线通信系统顺序监视尝试联系组员的呼叫,在进行到下一个之前给每一方一个响应的机会。 For sequential sub-type group call, the wireless communication system attempts to contact the members of the sequence monitoring call, before proceeding to the next in response to each party a chance. 在典型的配置中,向第一组员发送寻呼;如果第一组员没有及时应答,则寻呼被取消并寻呼第二组员,等等。 In a typical configuration, the first component to transmit paging; if not timely response of the first component, the paging and the paging second component is canceled, and the like. 因此,顺序子类型组呼可以被看作是以预定顺序对组员的各个呼叫的串接序列,其中始呼方不必连续地拨打各个号码,而是拨打单个组识别号码。 Therefore, the order subtypes may be considered as a group call in a predetermined sequence order of concatenation of the respective members of the call, the called party need not be continuous in which the beginning of each dialing number, but a single group call identification number. 同时第一应答子类型组呼与顺序子类型组呼相似,只不过是在同一时间向所有组员发送寻呼,并且把呼叫连接到应答呼叫的第一组员。 While the first response sub-type group call is similar to the call order subtype set, only sends a page to all members at the same time, and the call connected to the first members to answer the call. 会议子类型组呼与同时第一应答子类型组呼相似,只不过是所有应答寻呼的组员都加入到呼叫中。 Meeting subtype group call while the first call is similar to the response subtype group, just answer the page for all team members are added to the call. 因此,顺序子类型组呼和同时第一应答子类型组呼在成功时都将导致始呼方和一个组员之间的组呼。 Thus, the order of the sub-type while the first group call and group call response subtype will result in success group call between the originating call side and a crew. 相反,会议子类型组呼在成功时导致始呼方和一个或多个组员之间的组呼。 In contrast, results in a group call session subtype group call between the originating call side and one or more members in success.

那些在无线电模式下自动应答呼入的传统双模式电话在顺序子类型和同时第一应答子类型下产生了问题。 Those in the radio mode automatically answer an incoming conventional dual mode phone creates a problem in the order of sub-type and sub-type while the first response. 在这些呼叫中,寻找组员的搜索在组员应答时终止。 In these calls, look for the search crew members at the time of termination of the response. 如果用户把传统双模式电话置于无线电模式并因无论哪种原因而使电话处于无人值守状态,则电话仍将应答呼入组呼。 If the user is a dual mode phone in the traditional mode and radio Either due to the reason in the unattended phone, the phone will answer an incoming group call. 如果电话接收到顺序或同时第一应答呼叫,则无人值守的电话将应答呼叫,并且始呼方将接收到组呼已被应答的指示。 If the phone receives a first answers the call sequentially or simultaneously, the unattended phone answers the call, and origination party receives an indication of the group call has been answered. 但是,始呼方实际上将不能与用户通信,而是与无人值守的电话进行谈话。 However, before the called party will not in fact, but to talk with unattended phone users to communicate with. 因此,始呼方将不是与用户在说话或被要求留消息。 Therefore, the origination side will not require the user to speak or leave a message. 在许多情况下,始呼方不需要留消息,而是需要与在个人通话。 In many cases, before the called party does not need to leave a message, but need to talk to in person. 利用先有技术,组呼应用失败,并且无人值守但应答的电话使始呼方受挫,直到缺席的用户在将来某个不定时间回到电话旁边。 The use of prior art, group calling application fails and unattended answer the phone but the original call parties frustrated, absent until next phone users back sometime in the future uncertain time.

本发明通过为组呼提供某些具有呼叫类型指示以及任选地具有其它信息的电话,以便将这样的呼叫与其它类型的呼叫区分开,从而解决所述问题和其它问题。 The present invention provides a group call to a telephone having a certain call type indication, and optionally with other information, in order to distinguish such calls and other types of call area, so as to solve the above problems and other problems. 为了这样做,本发明考虑负责组呼的组呼服务器选择性地在输出寻呼消息的主叫号码字段中扩充一个或多个指示符标志。 To do so, the present invention contemplates the group call server responsible for the group call number for selectively calling the output paging message extension field of one or more indicator flag. 作为示例,可以增加SPACH信道上ANSI-136寻呼消息的主叫号码字段(见ANSI-136-123 §5.3.9和§6.23)的长度。 As an example, calling party number field may be increased SPACH channel paging message ANSI-136 (see ANSI-136-123 §5.3.9 and §6.23) length. 因为寻呼消息中主叫字段的长度可以在现有空中接口协议中容易地改变,本发明不必改变空中接口或BMI(基站、移动交换中心、以及互连功能)来实现。 Because the paging message length field in the calling party can be easily changed in the existing air interface protocol, the present invention is not necessary to change the air interface or BMI (base station, mobile switching center, and the interworking function) is achieved. 根据所述附加信息,接收电话可确定如何响应,诸如不要自动应答顺序子类型组呼。 According to the additional information, the receiver can determine how to respond to the phone, such as not automatically replying order subtype group call.

一般,组呼由与无线通信系统有关的组呼服务器来处理。 In general, the treatment by the group call to a group call server associated with the wireless communication system. 组呼服务器是无线通信系统单元的逻辑部分,它诸如通过跟踪用户组的成员资格、控制对用户组功能性的接入、协调信息流等来监视组呼。 The group call server is a logical part of the wireless communication system unit, such that the tracking by user group membership, access control functionality of the user group, to coordinate information flow to monitor the group call. 当无线通讯系统接收到组呼请求时,该请求被转发给组呼服务器。 When the wireless communication system receives the group call request, which is forwarded to the group call server. 无线通讯系统的其它部分接着与组呼服务器合作以便于组呼。 Other parts of the wireless communication system is then in cooperation with the group call server to the group call.

组呼服务器一般包括用户组的数据库,其中列出各个组员的呼叫地址(如电话号码)。 Usually the group call server includes a database of user groups, each panelist lists call address (e.g., telephone number). 对于本发明,组呼服务器数据库最好也应该包括对各个呼叫地址的设备类型的指示。 For the present invention, preferably the group call server database should also include an indication of the type of device addresses of each call. 例如,设备类型可能是传统的、先有技术的蜂窝电话,或者设备类型可以是传统陆线电话。 For example, the device type may be traditional, prior art cellular telephone, or the device may be a conventional type of landline telephone. 对本讨论的特别兴趣在于,设备类型之一应对应于根据本发明修改的无线通信装置(例如电话)。 In particular interest in the present discussion that one of the devices should correspond to the type of wireless communication device (e.g. telephone) modified in accordance with the present invention. 仅仅为了讨论,而不是限制,这样的无线通信装置将被称为增强型终端。 For purposes of discussion only, and not limitation, such wireless communication devices will be referred to as an enhanced terminal. 因此,组呼服务器数据库中的记录最好应该包括什么时候特定呼叫地址对应于增强型终端设备类型以及什么时候不对应于增强型终端设备类型的指示。 Therefore, the group call server database record preferably should include specific call when an address corresponding to the device type, and an enhanced terminal when the terminal does not correspond to an enhanced indication of the type of apparatus.

参考图4,组呼始呼方一般通过拨预先指定的用户组识别号码来开始组呼(框210)。 Referring to Figure 4, the group call origination party typically by dialing a pre-specified user group ID number to start a group call (block 210). 在美国,这个组识别号码一般由10位数组成,很像普通电话号码。 In the United States, this group identification number usually consists of 10 digits, much like a regular phone number. 当无线通信系统接收到组呼请求时(框220),所述请求被发送到组呼服务器(GCS)用于处理(框230)。 When (block 220) a wireless communication system receives the group call request, the request is sent to the group call server (GCS) for processing (block 230). 如图4所示,可任选地给始呼方机会以诸如通过语音交互系统来选择诸如呼叫类型、呼叫子类型等的组呼设置(框240)。 4, can optionally be party to the originating call, such as the opportunity to be selected by the interactive voice system, such as a call type, sub-type of group call is provided (block 240). 在其它实施例中,对各个用户组预设呼叫类型等。 In other embodiments, the preset call type, etc. for each user group. 应该注意到,组呼设置的选择(框240)可以在涉及组呼服务器(框230)之后或之前发生,具体时间由偏好决定。 It should be noted that the selection (block 240) arranged group call may occur before, after a group call directed to the server (block 230) or a specific time determined by the preference.

在从无线通讯系统接收到请求通知以后(框230),组呼服务器查阅它的数据库并确定哪些呼叫地址属于所请求的用户组并开始组呼建立程序(框250)。 After (block 230) received from the wireless communication system to request notification, the group call server and its database Now the user group call which determined that the requested address belongs to a group call setup procedure and begin (block 250). 组呼服务器以适当的方式按储存的呼叫地址与无线通讯系统的其它部分进行交互作用以寻呼组员,所述适当的方式依赖于选择哪种呼叫类型和子类型。 The group call server in an appropriate manner to paging members interact, the suitable manner which depends on the type and subtype call call address selected by the other portions of the wireless communication system storage. 但是,在启动寻呼之前,组呼服务器检查由相关组员的数据库记录指示的设备类型。 However, before starting the page, the group call server checks the type of device indicated by the associated database records of members. 如果设备类型指示正被寻呼的移动终端是增强型终端,则组呼服务器扩充寻呼消息的主叫字段,以包括一个或多个用于指示组呼设置的标志(框260)。 If the device type indicates the mobile terminal being paged is enhanced terminal, the expanded group call paging message server caller field, to include one or more of a flag (block 260) indicating the group call setup. 例如,如果组呼是顺序子类型,则标志值“1”可以被附加到主叫字段;如果组呼是会议子类型,则标志值“3”可以被附加到主叫字段,如果组呼是广播类型,则标志值“4”可以被附加到主叫字段,等等。 For example, if a group call is a sub-type sequence, then the flag value "1" may be appended to the calling field; if the group call is a conference subtype, the flag value of "3" may be appended to the calling field, if a group call broadcast type, the flag value of "4" may be appended to the calling field, and the like. 最好只有目标为增强型终端的寻呼消息会被扩充,而目标为其它组呼设备类型的寻呼消息将不被改变。 Preferably only the target terminal is an enhanced paging message will be expanded, and the target is the other type of group call paging message devices will not be changed. 这是为了避免混淆先有系统和移动终端(不用本发明的那些),同时允许本发明的改进系统和移动终端在保持向后兼容的同时提供增强特性。 This is to avoid confusion and the mobile terminal prior systems (those of the invention do not), while allowing the mobile terminal and improve the system of the present invention provides enhancements while maintaining backward compatibility.

寻呼消息接着被无线通信系统的适当部分发送到适当的移动终端(框270)。 Paging message is then sent to an appropriate portion of a wireless communication system to the appropriate mobile terminal (block 270). 假设目标移动终端是增强型终端,则目标移动终端接收到寻呼消息(框280)并在此后检查扩充(框285)。 Assuming that the target terminal is an enhanced mobile terminal, the destination mobile terminal receives the paging message (block 280) and thereafter expanded check (block 285). 如果没有出现扩充,则移动终端自动应答呼叫。 If there is no expansion occurs, the mobile terminal automatically answers the call. 如果移动终端20确定出现扩充,则它从主叫字段中的主叫ID分析标志字符(框285)。 If the mobile terminal 20 determines that the expansion occurs, calling it from the caller ID field analysis flag character (block 285). 移动终端接着查阅存储器中的响应查找表,以确定如何响应(框290)。 Now then the mobile terminal in response to a memory lookup table to determine how to respond (block 290). 为了说明,查找表指示移动终端自动应答广播和会议组呼,但不自动应答顺序和同时第一应答组呼。 To illustrate, a lookup table indicating a broadcast mobile terminal automatically answering calls and group meetings, but does not automatically answer and sequentially while the first group call response. 根据响应查找表,增强型终端的移动终端通过例如自动应答或者产生诸如音响振铃的告警来响应所述寻呼(框290)。 Lookup table, the enhanced terminal through a mobile terminal, for example, automatic answering ringing or generates an alarm such as a sound according to respond to the paging response (block 290). 因此,对于按照本发明增强的移动终端,根据组呼的特性,对于在无线电模式下的组呼,可以选择性地禁止自动应答特性。 Accordingly, for enhancing a mobile terminal according to the present invention, depending on the characteristics of the group call for the group call in radio mode, it is possible to selectively disable the automatic response characteristics.

除了呼叫类型,组呼可具有分配的优先级。 In addition to the type of call, the group call may have assigned priorities. 例如,“正常”的优先级可以是大多数组呼的缺省值,但可允许始呼方把更紧迫组呼的优先级改为“告警”。 For example, "normal" priority may be set default values ​​of most of the call, but can allow the origination party more urgent priority group call to "trap." 在这样一种情形下,可以使用两个指示符标志,并且增强型终端的移动终端的响应可以按照下表进行:表1 In such a case, two indicator flag may be used, and enhance the response of the mobile terminal type terminal can be performed according to the following table: Table 1 从表1中可以看到,用于指示符标志的字符应包括诸如“*”或“#”的异常字符、或者至少从异常字符开始,以便可以简化检测指示符标志的出现。 Can be seen from Table 1, the characters should be included for the indicator flag such as "*" or "#" character exception, or at least from the exception start character, it can be simplified to detect the presence of the indicator flag. asdf应该指出,始呼方一般以两种方式之一开始组呼。 asdf should be noted that, before the called party is generally in one of two ways to start a group call. 首先,始呼方可以呼叫公共定义的用户组识别号码。 First, the call origination side may be a common user group identification numbers defined. 该用户组识别号码被公共定义,这样任何呼叫该号码的用户将被接到相同的用户组,其中假设他们都被授权访问该组。 The public user group identification number is defined so that any number of the calling user to be connected to the same user group, assuming that they are authorized to access the group. 以这样一种方式开始的组呼将被称为“导引(pilot)”组呼。 Beginning the group call in such a manner will be called "guide (Pilot)" group call. 在美国,导引组识别号码长度一般为10位。 In the United States, the guide length of the group ID number is generally 10 bits. 接收到拨号数字字段中组识别号码的无线通讯系统把所述呼叫传送到组呼服务器供处理。 Receiving dialed digits in a group identification number field of the wireless communication system said call to the group call server for processing. 组呼服务器接着确定与该组识别号码有关的组员资格并着手建立组呼。 Group call server then determines group membership associated with the group ID number and set about establishing a group call. 另一方面,组呼始呼方也可以通过拨诸如“*12.”的专门定义组识别号码来开始组呼。 On the other hand, the group call origination side may be such as by dialing "* 12." A specifically defined group ID number to start the group call. 以这样一种方式开始的组呼将被称为“专用(private)”组呼。 Beginning the group call in such a manner will be referred to as "private (Private)" group call. 不像导引组号码,专用组号码对不同用户可能具有不同的意义。 Unlike guide group number, group-specific number may have different meanings for different users. 当无线通讯系统接收到拨号数字字段中的“*12”时,无线通讯系统将之识别为组呼请求并将该请求发送到组呼服务器。 When the wireless communication system receives dialed digits field "* 12", the wireless communication system recognizes it as the group call request and sends the request to the group call server. 组呼服务器又将根据拨号数字(*12)以及开始呼叫的特定用户来确定要呼叫哪个用户组。 Group call server in turn to determine which user group you want to call based on the dialed digits (* 12), and specific user starts the call. 因此,如果是用户A拨“*12”,则组呼服务器对用户组产生组呼,所述用户组不同于在用户B拨“*12.”时所组呼的用户组。 Thus, if user A dial "* 12", the group call server generates user group when a group call to the user groups, the user group is different from the user B by dialing "* 12." The group call.

组呼服务器最好以不同于专用组呼的方式处理导引组呼。 Preferably the group call server in a manner different specific group call group call processing guide. 对于专用组呼,包含在寻呼消息中的主叫号码应该是始呼方的呼叫地址。 For the specific group call, the calling number contained in the paging message should be the beginning of the call address of the called party. 但是,对于导引组呼,包含在寻呼消息中的主叫号码最好应该改为导引组号码。 However, the guide for the group call, the calling number contained in the paging message should preferably be set to guide number. 因此,对于专用组呼,设计为显示主叫ID的接收终端将显示始呼方的号码。 Thus, for the specific group call, it is designed to display the number of the called party start the receiving terminal displays the caller ID. 而对于引导组呼,接收终端将显示用户组的导引号码。 For group calls the guide, the receiving terminal displays the guide number of the user group. 应该指出,在一些系统中控制组呼服务器操作的各种设置可能禁止用导引号码代替始呼方的号码,例如为了符合地方法律。 It should be noted that in some systems control group call server operating various settings may prohibit the use of numbers instead of the guide number of parties originating call, for example, to comply with local laws.

作为上述利用导引/专用和优先级选项的示例,假设始呼方单元888 444-1111通过拨组识别号码999555-2525开始具有告警优先级的顺序类型的导引组呼。 As an example using the above-described guide / dedicated and priority option, assuming origination side unit 888444-1111 999555-2525 alarm begins with the order of priority of the type of group call by dialing guide the group ID number. 还假设用户组包括三个组员,其中第一和第二成员具有增强型终端,而第三组员具有传统移动终端。 It is also assumed that the user group includes three members, wherein the first and second members having enhanced terminal, and the third members having a conventional mobile terminal. 请求所发送到的组呼服务器将对第一组员开始寻呼消息。 The request sent to the server group call paging message will start the first component. 因为在组呼服务器的数据库中指示第一组员具有增强型终端,因此寻呼消息将具有其中包含9995552525#1作为主叫ID的主叫字段。 Because the group call indicated in the first component database server having enhanced terminal, the paging message will thus have a field containing the calling 9995552525 # 1 as the caller ID. 由于主叫字段中出现的“#1”后缀,第一组员的移动终端不应该自动应答所述呼叫。 Since the calling party field appearing "# 1" suffix, the first component of the mobile terminal should not automatically answer the call. 如果第一组员没有在预定时间以内人工应答,则寻呼将切换到第二组员。 If the first component is no response within a predetermined time doing, the paging is switched to the second component. 这个寻呼将同样地在主叫字段中包含9995552525#1,它使第二组员的移动终端(也是增强型终端设备类型)同样的不会自动应答。 This page will contain the same manner as the calling 9995552525 # 1 field, that the second component of the mobile terminal (terminal device is enhanced type) does not automatically answer the same. 当第二组员没有及时地应答时,寻呼将切换到第三组员。 When the second component is no timely response to the paging switch to third members. 但是,由于这个组员不具有增强型终端,因此在寻呼消息中主叫ID没有附加“#1”后缀。 However, since this does not have the enhanced terminal members, and therefore no additional Caller ID "# 1" suffix in the paging message. 在收到寻呼消息时,如果程序设计为自动应答呼入,则第三组员的移动终端就自动应答所述呼叫,而并不取决于本发明的任何指示符标志的存在、不存在、或内容。 Upon receipt of the paging message, if the program is designed to automatically answer an incoming call, the third mobile terminal members automatically answer the call, but does not depend on the presence of any of the indicator flag of the present invention, absence, or content.

如果情况改变,使得相同始呼方通过拨*12开始具有正常优先级的会议类型的专用组呼,则组呼服务器将开始至少两个寻呼消息,对于第一和第二组员,寻呼消息将具有其中包含8884441111*3作为主叫ID的主叫字段。 If the situation changes, so that the same origination party by dialing * 12 starts with normal priority group call session type specific, the group call server to start the at least two paging message, the first and second members, paging the message contained therein having 3 8884441111 * field as a caller ID of the caller. 对于第三组员的寻呼消息,主叫字段将包含8884441111作为主叫ID,其中没有“*3”后缀。 For the crew of the third page message, the calling party as a calling party field will contain 8884441111 ID, where there is no "* 3" suffix. 在这样的配置中,所有接收移动终端将自动应答所述呼叫,导致会议类型的组呼。 In such a configuration, all the receiving mobile terminal will automatically answer the call, resulting in the type of group call session.

尽管根据是否自动应答组呼描述了增强型移动终端20的响应,但其它响应也有可能。 Although the enhanced mobile terminal 20 in response to whether the automatic answering depicts a group call, although other responses are also possible. 例如,根据指示符标志提供的信息,本发明的移动终端20可以根据输入组呼的特性来改变显示在它们的显示器28上的信息或者改变它们的告警信号(如振铃音、振铃音量、产生振动等)。 For example, indicator flag in accordance with the information provided by the mobile terminal 20 according to the present invention can change the display information on the display 28, or they change their alerting signal (e.g., ringing tone, ringing volume in accordance with characteristics of the input group call, vibration, etc.). 作为示例,移动终端20的显示器28可以有三行或更多行,为了便于引用,称其为顶行、中行和底行。 By way of example, the display 20 of the mobile terminal 28 may have three or more lines, for ease of reference, referred to as the top row, the bottom row and rows. 根据指示符标志提供的信息、以及接收到的呼叫ID和储存在存储器24的第一部分92中的呼叫地址的比较,移动终端20可以a)在与存储记录存在匹配并且优先级为正常优先级的情况下,在显示器顶行显示与匹配的存储记录有关的字母数字标签,并且在显示器中行显示呼叫ID;b)在与存储记录不存在匹配并且优先级为正常优先级的情况下,在显示器顶行显示一般文本消息(例如“组”),并且在显示器的中行显示呼叫ID;c)在与存储记录存在匹配并且优先级为告警优先级的情况下,在显示器顶行显示告警文本消息(例如“告警”),并且在显示器的中行显示与存储记录有关的字母数字标签;以及d)在与存储记录不存在匹配并且优先级为正常优先级的情况下,则在显示器顶行显示告警文本消息,并且在显示器中行显示呼叫ID。 The information provided by the indicator flag, and a comparator, the mobile terminal receives a call ID and call address stored in the memory 24 of the first portion 20 may be 92 a) in the presence of matched records and the priority stored normal priority case, the alphanumerical label stored matching records relating to the display on the top line, and displays the caller ID on the display rows; b) priority under normal priority, the display top of stored records match exists and line displays the general text message (e.g., "group"), and displays the call ID in the rows of the display; c) in the case of an alarm priority there is a match with the stored records and the priority, alarm text message (e.g., displayed on the display top line "alarm"), and the display rows to display stored records associated alphanumeric tag; and d) storage recording there is no match and the priority is normal priority case, alarm text message on the display top line shows and displays caller ID on the display rows. 另外,移动终端20可以在底行显示表示组呼是顺序子类型、同时第一应答子类型、会议子类型、还是广播类型的指示符。 Further, the mobile terminal 20 may be displayed in the bottom row indicates the order subtype group call, while the first response sub-type, subtype conference or broadcast type indicator. 例如,如果组呼子类型是顺序,则底行可以显示“SEQ”;如果组呼子类型是同时第一应答,则显示“SIM”;如果组呼子类型是会议,则显示“GRP”;以及如果组呼类型是广播,则显示“BDCAST”。 For example, if the group call type is the order, the bottom line may be displayed "SEQ"; if the group call type is the same time the first response, then the display "SIM"; if the group call type is the session, then the display "GRP"; and if the group call type is broadcast, the show "BDCAST". 作为另一示例,当检测到告警优先级的组呼时,移动终端20可以用特定音调大声振铃,以及在显示器28上显示“告警”,而正常优先级的顺序子类型的组呼可能只得到低水平振动和主叫ID的显示。 As another example, when detecting the alarm priority group call, the mobile terminal 20 may be a specific ring tone loudly, and displays "Alarm" on the display 28, the normal order of priority of the group call subtypes may only to obtain low vibration and caller ID display. 当然,移动终端20的这些响应可以在工厂预设或者是用户可选的,以提供最大的灵活性。 Of course, the response to the mobile terminal 20 may be preset at the factory or user-selectable to provide maximum flexibility.

组呼服务器在某些与目标移动终端的设备类型有关的条件下使寻呼消息被改变,据此进行了上面的讨论。 Group call paging message that the server in some device types of the target mobile terminal related condition is changed, whereby discussed above. 应该指出,寻呼消息本身可完全驻留在SPACH或等效控制信道的一部分;另一方面,寻呼消息可驻留在一个以上的信道,其中包括SPACH或等效控制信道的一部分。 It should be noted that the paging message itself may reside entirely or in part SPACH channel equivalent; the other hand, the paging message may reside in more than one channel, including the equivalent portion of a control channel or SPACH. 例如,寻呼消息可包括SPACH控制信道上的指针消息以及指向信道(pointed-to channel)上的更详细的信息分组。 For example, the paging message may include a pointer message on the SPACH channel and more detailed information on the packet directed channel (pointed-to channel) of. 因此,本文所用的术语寻呼消息包括移动终端为了确定该移动终端是否具有呼入以及该呼叫的特性而自动搜索的任何发送的信息。 Thus, as used herein, the term & paging message includes any information sent to the mobile terminal determines whether the mobile terminal and the characteristics of the incoming call is automatically searched.

此外,组呼服务器改变寻呼消息以包括一个或多个组呼特性的指示符,据此进行了以上讨论。 In addition, the group call server to change the paging message comprising one or more characteristics of the group call indicator, accordingly discussed above. 在主要说明性实施例中,组呼服务器把指示符标志字符附加到寻呼消息的主叫字段。 In the main illustrative embodiment, the group call server to the character of the added indicator flag fields calling a paging message. 但是,添加字符本质上不是必需的。 However, adding the essence of the character is not required. 相反,本发明也包括扩充现有消息以包括附加信息的等效方法,诸如进一步对消息进行编码,其方式是利用不同的编码方法叠加第二消息,等等。 In contrast, the present invention also includes a method for expansion of the existing message equivalent to include additional information, such as a further message is encoded in such a way is to use different coding methods superimposing a second message, and the like. 因此,唯一必要的是改变寻呼消息采用的形式,并且所述改变提供组呼的一个或多个特性的指示。 Thus, the only change necessary is employed in the form of a paging message, and provide an indication of the change of one or more characteristics of the group call.

如上所述,本发明不仅限于与无线移动终端共同发挥作用,相反,本发明也适用于其它类型的通信终端。 As described above, the present invention is not limited to the wireless mobile terminal work together, on the contrary, the present invention is also applicable to other types of communication terminals. 例如,可以改变具有主叫ID功能的传统陆线电话以利用本发明。 For example, it is possible to change the traditional landline telephone having a caller ID function to utilize the present invention. 这样一种增强型电话应该同样地检查呼入主叫字段中存在还是不存在扩充,并且在出现扩充的情况下把它对呼叫的响应建立在所扩充的信息上。 Such an enhanced incoming telephone caller should check the same manner as the presence or absence of field expansion, and the expansion occur in case its response to the call based on the extension information. 同样,具有电话通信卡的计算机可以被程序设计为利用本发明。 Also, a computer telephony card having the program may be designed to take advantage of the present invention. 所以,本发明用于各种通信终端,包括基于因特网的通信终端,它们可以通过包含主叫字段的寻呼消息接收输入组呼的通知。 Therefore, the present invention is used for various communication terminals, including Internet-based communication terminal, which can receive notification by the input group call paging message containing the calling party field.

在不脱离本发明精神和本质特性的情况下,本发明当然能以其它不同于本文陈述的特定方式来实现。 Without departing from the spirit and essential characteristics of the present invention, the present invention can of course be achieved in other specific ways than as set forth herein. 因此,本文的实施例在任何意义上都应该被看作是说明性的,而不是限制性的,并且在后附权利要求的意义和等效范围内的所用变化都包含在其中。 Thus, embodiments herein should in any sense be regarded as illustrative rather than restrictive, and are used vary within the appended claims the meaning and equivalency range are included therein.

Claims (60)

1.一种操作通信系统中的组呼服务器的方法,它包括以下步骤:a)建立具有一个或多个组员的用户组的数据库,所述数据库在相应组员与第一通信终端类型的通信终端有关时进行记录;b)此后,接收来自始呼方的请求,以建立用户组的组呼;c)响应所述组呼请求,所述组呼服务器构成目标为一个或多个所述组员的寻呼消息,视所述数据库是否指示相应目标组员与所述第一通信终端类型的通信终端有关的情况而定,所述寻呼消息选择性地指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性;以及d)所述组呼服务器启动所述寻呼消息对至少一个通信终端的传送,其中,所述至少一个通信终端与所述相应用户组有关,所述相应用户组与所述组呼有关。 The method of group call server 1. A method of operating a communication system, comprising the steps of: a) establishing a database or a user group having a plurality of members, the members of the first database corresponding to the terminal type of communication when recording the relevant communication terminal; b) thereafter, it receives a request from the beginning of the called party to establish a group call user group; c) in response to the group call request, the group call server is configured as one or more of said target members paging message, depending on the case database indicating whether the respective target members with the first communication terminal about the type of communication terminal being set, a paging message indicating the group call is selectively or a plurality of characteristics; and d) said group call server to start the paging message to the at least one communication terminal, wherein the at least one communication terminal and the respective user groups related to the respective user group of the about the group call.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,并且所述构成包括所述组呼服务器在所述数据库指示所述相应目标组员与所述第一移动终端类型的移动终端有关时扩充所述主叫字段以指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the paging message includes a caller field, and constituting said group call server comprises the respective target members in the database indicates that the first and the For expansion when the calling mobile terminal type field of the mobile terminal to indicate one or more characteristics of the group call.
3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼服务器扩充包括对所述主叫字段添加至少一个编码标志。 The method according to claim 2, wherein said group call server comprises adding at least one extension of the calling party field encoding flag.
4.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于所述编码标志包括第一部分和第二部分,其中所述第一部分对应于所述组呼的优先级,所述第二部分对应于所述组呼的呼叫类型和呼叫子类型。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein said encoding includes a first flag and second portions, wherein the first portion corresponds to the priority of the group call, the second portion corresponding to the call type and the call subtype group call.
5.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的组呼子类型。 5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the characteristic of the group call paging message includes an indication of the group call group call subtypes.
6.如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼的呼叫类型至少可以被设置为第一类型和第二类型,所述第一类型对应于广播类型,其中只有所述组呼的始呼方可以产生源消息信号,所述第二类型对应于谈话类型,其中源消息的产生不限于所述组呼的始呼方。 6. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the group call the call type may be provided to at least a first and second types, the first type corresponding to a broadcast type, wherein only the group call the origination side may generate a message signal source, the second type corresponds to the type of conversation, wherein the generating source of the message is not limited to the group call origination party.
7.如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于所述第一呼叫类型具有多个可能的呼叫子类型,其中至少包括顺序子类型、同时第一应答(simultaneous-first-answer)子类型、以及会议子类型。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the first call type call having a plurality of possible sub-types, including the sub-type sequence at least, while the first response (simultaneous-first-answer) sub-type, and sub-type meetings.
8.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的呼叫子类型。 8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the characteristic of the group call paging message includes an indication of the type of call sub-group call.
9.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的优先级。 9. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the characteristic of the group call paging message comprising an indication of priority of the group call.
10.如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼的优先级至少可以被设置为对应于正常优先级的第一级或对应于告警优先级的第二级。 10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that said group call priority may be set to correspond to at least a normal priority level or a first stage corresponding to the second priority alarm.
11.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的呼叫子类型和优先级。 11. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the characteristic of the group call paging message includes an indication of the sub-group call the call type and priority.
12.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:所述组呼服务器允许所述组呼的始呼方在所述启动所述寻呼消息的传送之前设置所述组呼的优先级,并且由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的所述设置的优先级。 12. The method according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising: allowing the group call server to the group call the originating call side is provided a group call paging message before transmitting the priority to start the level, and by the characteristics of the group call paging message includes an indication of the priority of the group call setup.
13.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于所述寻呼消息符合ANSI-136。 13. The method according to claim 1, wherein the paging message conforming to ANSI-136.
14.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:在所述组呼是响应于利用导引组号码的所述始呼方时,所述组呼服务器在所述主叫号码字段中用导引组号码代替主叫号码。 14. The method according to claim 2, characterized by further comprising: when the group call is in response to the group number by using the guide originating call side, the group call server for the calling number in the field group number instead of using the guide calling number.
15.无线通信系统中的一种组呼服务器,它包括:a)具有一个或多个组员的用户组的数据库,在相应组员与第一移动终端类型的移动终端有关时,所述数据库包括某一指示;b)所述组呼服务器适合于构成目标为一个或多个所述组员的寻呼消息,以响应于接收到组呼请求,视所述数据库是否指示相应目标组员与所述第一通信终端类型的通信终端有关的情况而定,所述寻呼消息选择性地指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性;以及c)所述组呼服务器适合于启动所述寻呼消息对至少一个通信终端的传送,以响应于接收到组呼请求,其中所述至少一个通信终端与所述相应用户组有关。 15. The wireless communication system of one group call server, comprising: a) a database having one or more members of the user group, the corresponding members in the first mobile terminal related to the type of mobile terminal, the database including some indication; b) the group call server is adapted to constitute one or more target members of the paging message in response to receiving the group call request, depending whether the database indicates that the respective target members one or more characteristics of the first communication terminal type communication terminal may be related to the case, the paging message for selectively indicating the group call; and c) said group call server is adapted to start the homing call message to at least one communication terminal, in response to receiving the group call request, wherein said at least one communication terminal and the respective related user groups.
16.如权利要求15所述的组呼服务器,其特征在于所述组呼服务器还适合于允许组呼的所述始呼方在组呼建立期间设置所述组呼的优先级。 16. A group call server according to claim 15, wherein said group call server is further adapted to allow a group call to the called party start the group call provided during the group call setup priority.
17.如权利要求15所述的组呼服务器,其特征在于所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,并且在所述组呼是响应于利用导引组号码来开始所述组呼的所述始呼方时,所述组呼服务器还适合于使所述主叫字段包括导引组号码。 17. A group call server according to claim 15, wherein the paging message includes a caller field, and in the group call in response to the use of the guide block number of the start of the group call start when the called party, the group call server is further adapted to set the calling number field comprises guide.
18.无线通信系统中的一种组呼服务器被设计成至少:a)储存与至少一个用户组有关的被选设备的设备类型的指示;b)允许组呼的所述始呼方在组呼建立期间设置所述组呼的优先级;c)通过启动寻呼消息对至少一个移动终端的传送,来对组呼的开始进行响应,其中所述至少一个移动终端与所述相应用户组有关并且所述对应用户组与所述组呼有关,所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,视所述移动终端的相应设备类型是否为第一移动终端类型的情况而定,所述主叫字段由所述组呼服务器选择性地扩充,以包括至少一个表示所述组呼的优先级和所述组呼的呼叫类型的编码标志。 18. The wireless communication system of one group call server is designed to at least: a) indicating the type of storage device with at least one user group relating to the selected device; b) allowed group call in the group call origination party provided during the group call setup priority; c) transmitting the at least one mobile terminal, responds to the group call start, wherein the at least one mobile terminal and the respective user groups by starting a paging message to the relevant and the user group corresponding to the group call related to the paging message comprises a caller field, depending on whether the mobile terminal corresponding to the type of device where a first type of mobile terminal, the calling of the field said group call server selectively expanded to include the call type of coding flag priority group call and the at least one representative of the group call.
19.如权利要求18所述的组呼服务器,其特征在于所述组呼服务器还被设计成:当所述组呼是由利用导引组号码的所述始呼方开始时,在所述主叫号码字段中用导引组号码代替主叫号码。 19. A group call server according to claim 18, wherein said group call server is further designed to: when the group call is made using the group number of the guide starts originating call side, the caller group number field instead of with the guide calling number.
20.一种在具有组呼服务器的通信系统中操作通信终端以建立组呼的方法,它包括以下步骤:a)在通信终端接收与组呼的建立有关的寻呼消息,所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,所述主叫字段包括一个或多个指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性的标志字符;b)所述通信终端根据所述寻呼消息的所述标志字符来响应所述寻呼消息。 20. A method of operating a communication terminal in a communication system having a group call server to establish a group call, comprising the steps of: a) establishing communication terminal receives the group call paging message related to the paging message in including caller fields, the field comprises calling one or more flags indicating one or more characteristics of the characters of the group call; b) the communication terminal in response to the paging message according to the flag character said paging message.
21.如权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:在所述响应之前,所述通信终端从所述主叫字段分析所述标志字符。 21. The method according to claim 20, characterized by further comprising: prior to the response from the calling terminal to the communication field of the flag character analysis.
22.如权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于由所述标志字符指示的所述组呼的所述特性包括所述组呼类型和组呼子类型。 22. The method according to claim 20, wherein said characteristic indicated by the flag character of the group call comprises the group call and group call type subtype.
23.如权利要求22所述的方法,其特征在于由所述标志字符指示的所述组呼的所述特性还包括所述组呼的优先级。 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein said characteristics of said group call indicated by the flag character further comprises priority of the group call.
24.如权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于所述通信终端是陆线电话。 24. The method according to claim 20, wherein said communication terminal is a landline telephone.
25.一种在具有组呼服务器的无线通信系统中操作无线通信移动终端以建立组呼的方法,所述移动终端适于在多种模式下操作,所述多种模式至少包括电话模式和无线电模式,所述方法包括以下步骤:a)在所述电话模式下操作所述移动终端;b)此后,在所述无线电模式下操作所述移动终端;c)在所述无线电模式下时,所述移动终端接收与组呼的建立有关的寻呼消息,所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,所述主叫字段包括一个或多个指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性的标志字符;d)所述移动终端根据所述寻呼消息的所述标志字符来响应所述寻呼消息。 25. A method of operating a wireless communications terminal in a wireless mobile communication system having a group call server to establish a group call, said mobile terminal adapted to operate in multiple modes, said plurality of modes comprises at least a phone mode and radio mode, the method comprising the steps of: a) in the telephone mode of the mobile terminal; b) thereafter, operating the mobile terminal in the radio mode; c) when in the radio mode, the said mobile terminal receives the group call paging message related to establishing the paging message comprising a calling party field, the field comprises calling one or more characteristics of one or more indications of the group call flag character; d) said mobile terminal according to the character of the flag in response to the paging message to the paging message.
26.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:在所述响应之前,所述移动终端从所述主叫字段分析所述标志字符。 26. The method according to claim 25, characterized by further comprising: prior to the response from the calling mobile terminal analyzing the field flag character.
27.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于由所述标志字符指示的所述组呼的所述特性包括所述组呼类型和组呼子类型。 27. The method according to claim 25, wherein said characteristic indicated by the flag character of the group call comprises the group call and group call type subtype.
28.如权利要求27所述的方法,其特征在于由所述标志字符指示的所述组呼的所述特性还包括所述组呼的优先级。 28. The method according to claim 27, wherein said characteristics of said group call indicated by the flag character further comprises priority of the group call.
29.如权利要求28所述的方法,其特征在于所述标志字符包括第一部分和第二部分,其中所述第一部分对应于所述组呼的优先级,所述第二部分对应于所述组呼的呼叫类型和呼叫子类型。 29. The method according to claim 28, wherein said flag characters comprise a first portion and a second portion, wherein the first portion corresponds to the priority of the group call, the second portion corresponding to the call type and the call subtype group call.
30.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于所述响应包括所述移动终端显示至少一个所述特性的可视指示。 30. The method according to claim 25, wherein the response comprises a visual display of the mobile terminal indicates at least one characteristic.
31.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于所述响应包括所述移动终端产生至少一个所述特性的可闻指示。 31. The method according to claim 25, wherein the audible indication is generated at least one characteristic of said response includes the mobile terminal.
32.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于对所述寻呼消息的所述响应包括所述移动终端根据所述寻呼消息的所述标志字符来确定是否自动应答所述寻呼消息。 32. A method as claimed in claim 25, a paging message, wherein the response to the paging message comprises determining whether the mobile terminal to automatically answer the paging message according to the flag of the character .
33.如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于:a)由所述标志字符指示的所述组呼的所述特性包括所述组呼类型和组呼子类型,其中所述组呼的所述呼叫类型可以至少被设为第一类型和第二类型,所述第一类型对应于广播类型,其中只有所述组呼的始呼方可产生源消息信号,所述第二类型对应于谈话类型,其中源消息产生不限于所述组呼的始呼方;b)所述第一呼叫类型具有多个可能的呼叫子类型,其中至少包括顺序子类型、同时第一应答子类型、以及会议子类型;c)如果所述组呼子类型是会议或者如果所述组呼类型是对应于所述广播类型的所述第一呼叫类型,则所述移动终端关于所述寻呼消息来自动应答所述无线通信系统;d)如果所述组呼子类型是顺序或同时第一应答,则所述移动终端在关于所述寻呼消息来应答所述无线通信系统之前等待用户的人工干预 33. The method according to claim 32, characterized in that: a) the characteristics of the group call indicated by the flag characters comprise the group call and group call type subtype, wherein said group call to the said call type can be set to at least first and second types, the first type corresponding to a broadcast type, wherein only the group call origination message signal generating source only, the second type corresponding to a conversation type, wherein the message generation source is not limited to the group call origination party; b) the first call type call having a plurality of possible sub-types, including the sub-type sequence at least, while the first response sub-type, and session subtype; c) If the type is the group call if the group call session or a type corresponding to the broadcast type of the first call type, then the mobile terminal to the paging message on the automatic answering said wireless communication system; D) if the type is the group call simultaneously or sequentially a first response, the mobile terminal waits for the manual intervention of the user before a response regarding the paging message to the wireless communication system .
34.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于所述寻呼消息符合ANSI-136。 34. The method according to claim 25, wherein the paging message conforming to ANSI-136.
35.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于由所述标志字符指示的所述组呼的所述特性包括所述组呼的优先级,其中所述组呼的优先级至少可以被设为对应于正常优先级的第一级或对应于告警优先级的第二级。 35. The method according to claim 25, wherein said characteristic indicated by the flag characters comprise the group call priority of the group call, wherein the priority of the group call may be provided at least normal priority corresponding to the first stage or the second stage corresponding to the alarm priority.
36.如权利要求28所述的方法,其特征在于所述移动终端包括至少具有上行和下行的显示器并且所述主叫字段还包括呼叫ID,并且还包括所述移动终端将所述呼叫ID同预先储存的存储记录的列表进行比较,其中:a)如果与存储记录存在匹配并且所述优先级为正常优先级,则所述移动终端在所述显示器的上行显示与所述存储记录有关的字母数字标签,并且在所述显示器的下行显示所述呼叫ID;b)如果与存储记录不存在匹配并且所述优先级为正常优先级,则所述移动终端在所述显示器的上行显示一般文本消息,并且在所述显示器的下行显示所述呼叫ID;c)如果与存储记录存在匹配并且所述优先级为告警优先级,则所述移动终端在所述显示器的上行显示告警文本消息,并且在所述显示器的下行显示与所述存储记录有关的字母数字标签;d)如果与存储记录不存在匹 36. The method according to claim 28, wherein said mobile terminal comprises at least upstream and downstream of a display and the caller ID field further comprises a call, and further comprising said mobile terminal with the call ID storing a list of records previously stored are compared, wherein: a) If there is a match with a stored record and the priority is normal priority, the mobile terminal displays the stored record associated with the letters of the display in the uplink tag number, and displaying the call ID in the downlink of the display; b) if there is no match records stored on the priority and normal priority, the mobile terminal displays the general text message in the display upward and displaying in the display of the downlink call ID; alarm text message c) if there is a match with a stored record and the priority of the alarm priority, the mobile terminal displays the display in the uplink, and the display downlink alphanumerical label record associated with the storage; D) if the stored records match does not exist 并且所述优先级为正常优先级,则所述移动终端在所述显示器的上行显示告警文本消息,并且在所述显示的下行显示所述呼叫ID。 The priority and normal priority, the mobile terminal displays an alarm text message on the uplink the display, and displaying the caller ID display of the downlink.
37.如权利要求27所述的方法,其特征在于:a)所述移动终端包括至少具有上行、中行、和下行的显示器;b)所述组呼的所述呼叫类型至少可以被设置为第一类型和第二类型,所述第一类型对应于广播类型,其中只有所述组呼的始呼方可产生源消息信号,所述第二类型对应于谈话类型,其中源消息产生不限于所述组呼的始呼方;c)所述第一呼叫类型具有多个可能的呼叫子类型,其中至少包括顺序子类型、同时第一应答子类型、以及会议子类型;d)所述移动终端在所述下行显示指示符,用于指示所述组呼是顺序子类型、同时第一应答子类型、会议子类型,还是广播类型。 37. The method according to claim 27, wherein: a) said mobile terminal comprises at least an uplink with, BOC, and monitors the downlink; b) the group call the call may be set to at least the type of type and a second type, the first type corresponding to a broadcast type, wherein only the group call origination message signal generating source only, the second type corresponds to the type of conversation, in which the source is not limited to message generator said group call origination party; c) the first call type call having a plurality of possible sub-types, including the sub-type sequence at least, while the first response sub-type, and subtypes session; D) of said mobile terminal in the downlink display indicator for indicating the group call is a sequence of sub-type while the first response sub-type, subtype conference or broadcast type.
38.如权利要求37所述的方法,其特征在于所述指示符为:a)“SEQ”,如果所述组呼子类型是顺序;b)“SIM”,如果所述组呼子类型是同时第一应答;c)“GRP”,如果所述组呼子类型是会议;d)“BDCAST”,如果所述组呼类型是对应于广播类型的所述第一类型。 38. The method according to claim 37, wherein the indicator is: a) "SEQ", if the type is the group call sequence; b) "SIM", if the call type is the set of simultaneous a response; c) "GRP", if the type is the group call session; d) "BDCAST", if the call type is set corresponding to the broadcast type of the first type.
39.一种在具有组呼服务器的通信系统中建立组呼的方法,它包括以下步骤:a)建立具有一个或多个组员的用户组的数据库,所述数据库在相应组员与第一通信终端类型的通信终端有关时进行记录;b)此后,接收来自始呼方的请求,以建立用户组的组呼;c)响应所述组呼请求,所述组呼服务器构成目标为一个或多个所述组员的寻呼消息,视所述数据库是否指示相应目标组员与所述第一通信终端类型的通信终端有关的情况而定,所述寻呼消息选择性地指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性;d)所述组呼服务器启动所述寻呼消息对至少一个通信终端的传送,其中所述至少一个通信终端与所述相应用户组有关;e)在所述第一通信终端类型的通信终端接收所述发送的寻呼消息;以及f)所述通信终端根据在所述寻呼消息中指示的所述组呼的所述特性来选择对所述发送的寻 39. A method for establishing a group call in a communication system with a group call server, comprising the steps of: a) establishing a database or a user group having a plurality of members, the respective members of the first database type communication terminal when the communication terminal related to the recording; b) thereafter, receives a request from the beginning of the called party to establish a group call user group; c) in response to the group call request, the group call server is configured as a target or the members of the plurality of paging message, depending on the case database indicating whether the respective target members with the first communication terminal related to the type of communication terminal depending on the paging message indicating that the group is selectively one or more characteristics of the call; D) the group call server to start the paging message to the at least one communication terminal, wherein said at least one communication terminal and the respective user groups relating; E) of said first a paging message type of the communication terminal communication terminal receives the transmission; and f) selecting the communication terminal to find the transmission in accordance with the characteristics of the group indicated in the paging message of the call 消息的响应。 Response message.
40.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,并且所述构成包括所述组呼服务器在所述数据库指示所述相应目标组员与所述第一移动终端类型的移动终端有关时扩充所述主叫字段以指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性。 40. The method according to claim 39, wherein the paging message includes a caller field, and constituting said group call server comprises the respective target members in the database indicates that the first and the For expansion when the calling mobile terminal type field of the mobile terminal to indicate one or more characteristics of the group call.
41.如权利要求40所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼服务器扩充包括对所述主叫字段添加至少一个编码标志。 41. The method according to claim 40, wherein said group call server comprises adding at least one extension of the calling party field encoding flag.
42.如权利要求41所述的方法,其特征在于所述编码标志包括第一部分和第二部分,其中所述第一部分对应于所述组呼的优先级,所述第二部分对应于所述组呼的呼叫类型和呼叫子类型。 42. The method according to claim 41, wherein said encoding includes a first flag and second portions, wherein the first portion corresponds to the priority of the group call, the second portion corresponding to the call type and the call subtype group call.
43.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的呼叫类型。 43. The method according to claim 39, wherein the characteristic of the group call paging message comprising an indication of the type of call of the group call.
44.如权利要求43所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼的呼叫类型至少可以被设置为第一类型和第二类型,所述第一类型对应于广播类型,其中只有所述组呼的始呼方可以产生源消息信号,所述第二类型对应于谈话类型,其中源消息的产生不限于所述组呼的始呼方。 44. The method according to claim 43, characterized in that the group call the call type may be provided to at least a first and second types, the first type corresponding to a broadcast type, wherein only the group call the origination side may generate a message signal source, the second type corresponds to the type of conversation, wherein the generating source of the message is not limited to the group call origination party.
45.如权利要求44所述的方法,其特征在于所述第一呼叫类型具有多个可能的呼叫子类型,其中至少包括顺序子类型、同时第一应答子类型、以及会议子类型。 45. The method according to claim 44, characterized in that the first call type call having a plurality of possible sub-types, including the sub-type sequence at least, while the first response sub-type, and subtypes session.
46.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的呼叫子类型。 46. ​​The method according to claim 39, wherein the characteristic of the group call paging message includes an indication of the type of call sub-group call.
47.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的优先级。 47. A method according to claim 39, wherein the characteristic of the group call paging message comprising an indication of priority of the group call.
48.如权利要求47所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼的优先级至少可以被设置为对应于正常优先级的第一级或对应于告警优先级的第二级。 48. The method according to claim 47, characterized in that said group call priority may be set to correspond to at least a normal priority level or a first stage corresponding to the second priority alarm.
49.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的呼叫子类型和优先级。 49. The method according to claim 39, wherein the characteristic of the group call paging message includes an indication of the sub-group call the call type and priority.
50.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:所述组呼服务器允许所述组呼的始呼方在所述启动所述寻呼消息的传送之前设置所述组呼的优先级,并且由所述寻呼消息指示的所述组呼特性包括所述组呼的所述设置的优先级。 50. The method according to claim 39, characterized by further comprising: allowing the group call server to the group call the originating call side is provided a group call paging message before transmitting the priority to start the level, and by the characteristics of the group call paging message includes an indication of the priority of the group call setup.
51.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于所述寻呼消息符合ANSI-136。 51. The method according to claim 39, wherein the paging message conforming to ANSI-136.
52.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:在所述组呼是响应于利用导引组号码的所述始呼方时,在所述主叫号码字段中用导引组号码代替主叫号码。 52. The method according to claim 39, characterized by further comprising: when the group call is in response to the group number by using the guide originating call side, the calling party number field in the group with the guide Instead of caller ID numbers.
53.如权利要求52所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:在所述组呼是响应于利用导引组号码的所述始呼方时,所述移动终端显示所述导引组号码。 53. The method according to claim 52, characterized by further comprising: when the group call is in response to the group number by using the guide originating call side, the mobile terminal displays the guide group number.
54.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于所述选择对所述发送的寻呼消息的响应包括所述移动终端根据在所述寻呼消息中指示的所述组呼的所述特性来确定是否自动应答所述寻呼消息。 54. A method according to claim 39, wherein said selecting said characteristics of said mobile terminal based on said group call indicated in the paging message in response to the paging message transmitted comprises determining whether to automatically answer the paging message.
55.如权利要求54所述的方法,其特征在于组呼可以是多个可能的呼叫子类型中的一个呼叫子类型,其中所述多个可能的呼叫子类型至少包括顺序子类型和同时第一应答子类型,以及在所述组呼是所述顺序子类型或所述同时第一应答子类型时,根据在所述寻呼消息中指示的所述组呼的所述特性,所述移动终端在应答所述寻呼消息之前需要用户的手动干预。 55. The method according to claim 54, characterized in that the group call may be a call type of the plurality of possible sub-sub-types of call, wherein said plurality of possible call types comprising sub-types and simultaneously at least a first sub-sequence a sub-type of response, and the group call is in the order of the sub-time type or sub-type while the first response, based on the characteristics of the group call indicated in the paging message, the mobile terminal before answering the paging message requires manual user intervention.
56.如权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于所述数据库包括与各个组员有关的设备类型的指示。 56. The method according to claim 39, wherein said database comprises device type indication about the respective members.
57.一种在具有组呼服务器的无线通信系统中建立组呼的方法,它包括以下步骤:a)在组呼服务器建立具有一个或多个组员的用户组的数据库,所述数据库在所述相应组员与第一移动终端类型的无线移动终端有关时进行记录;b)此后,接收来自始呼方的请求,以建立用户组的组呼;c)响应所述组呼请求,所述组呼服务器构成目标为一个或多个所述组员的寻呼消息,所述寻呼消息包括主叫字段,视所述数据库是否指示所述相应目标组员与所述第一移动终端类型的移动终端有关的情况而定,所述主叫字段选择性地包括至少一个用于指示所述组呼的一个或多个特性的编码标志,所述编码标志包括第一部分和第二部分,其中所述第一部分对应于所述组呼的优先级,所述第二部分对应于所述组呼的呼叫子类型,其中可能的呼叫子类型至少包括顺序子类型和同时第 57. A method for establishing a group call in a wireless communication system with a group call server, comprising the steps of: a) establishing a database of the user group having one or more members of the group call server, the database is for said respective members of the first type of wireless mobile terminal when the mobile terminal related to the recording; b) thereafter, receives a request from the beginning of the called party to establish a group call user group; c) in response to the group call request, the group call paging message to the target server is configured with one or more of the group members, the paging message comprising a calling field of view of the database indicates whether the respective target members with the first mobile terminal type for the mobile terminal may be, optionally including the calling field encoding flag indicating one or more characteristics of at least one of the group call for the encoding marker comprises a first portion and a second portion, wherein said first portion corresponding to the priority of the group call, the second portion corresponding to a call type of the sub-group call, wherein the call subtypes may include at least a first sequence of sub-type at the same time and 应答子类型;d)所述组呼服务器启动所述寻呼消息对与所述相应用户组有关的至少一个移动终端的传送;e)在所述第一移动终端类型的移动终端接收所述发送的寻呼消息;以及f)所述移动终端根据在所述寻呼消息中指示的所述组呼的所述特性来选择对所述发送的寻呼消息的响应,其中所述选择对所述发送的寻呼消息的响应包括所述移动终端根据在所述主叫字段中指示的所述组呼的所述特性来确定是否自动应答所述寻呼消息,在所述组呼是所述顺序子类型或所述同时第一应答子类型时,所述移动终端在应答所述寻呼消息之前需要手动干预。 Response subtype; D) the group call server to start transmission of the paging message to the respective user group for the at least one mobile terminal; E) received at the first mobile terminal transmits the terminal type of the mobile paging message; and f) the mobile terminal to select the response to the paging message transmitted according to the characteristics of the group indicated in the paging message of the call, wherein the selection of the response to the paging message sent by the mobile terminal comprises determining whether to automatically answer the paging message of the group based on the characteristics indicated in the field calling the call, the group call is in the order when the sub-type or sub-type while the first response, the mobile terminal needs to manually intervene before the paging response message.
58.如权利要求57所述的方法,其特征在于所述组呼的优先级至少可以被设置为对应于正常优先级的第一级和对应于告警优先级的第二级。 58. The method according to claim 57, characterized in that said group call priority may be set to correspond to at least a normal priority to the first and second stages corresponding to the alarm priority.
59.如权利要求57所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:在所述组呼是响应于利用导引组号码的所述始呼方时,在所述主叫号码字段中用导引组号码代替主叫号码,以及还包括在所述组呼是响应于利用导引组号码的所述始呼方时所述移动终端显示所述导引组号码。 59. The method according to claim 57, characterized by further comprising: when the group call is in response to the group number by using the guide originating call side, the calling party number field in the group with the guide number instead of the calling number, and further comprising said movement when the group call is in response to the group number by using the guide originating call side terminal displays the guide group number.
60.如权利要求57所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:所述组呼服务器允许所述组呼的始呼方在所述启动所述寻呼消息的传送之前设置所述组呼的优先级。 60. The method according to claim 57, characterized by further comprising: allowing the group call server to the group call the originating call side is provided a group call paging message before transmitting the priority to start the level.
CN00815025A 1999-10-28 2000-10-25 Communications system providing call type indication for group calls CN1385049A (en)

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US09/428,895 US6516200B1 (en) 1999-10-28 1999-10-28 Controlling communications terminal response to group call page based on group call characteristics
US09/428,378 US6484037B1 (en) 1999-10-28 1999-10-28 Method of establishing group calls in a communications system

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