CN1219867C - Pomegranate wine and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pomegranate wine and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN1219867C
CN1219867C CN 03150395 CN03150395A CN1219867C CN 1219867 C CN1219867 C CN 1219867C CN 03150395 CN03150395 CN 03150395 CN 03150395 A CN03150395 A CN 03150395A CN 1219867 C CN1219867 C CN 1219867C
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pomegranate
wine
fermentation
brandy
juice
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CN1483800A (en
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黄惠敏
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ZAOZHUANG LUBAO POMEGRANATE PRODUCTS CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a pomegranate wine and a making method thereof, particularly a pomegranate distilled wine, a pomegranate red wine, a pomegranate beer, a sparkling wine and preparation methods thereof. The pomegranate wine is mainly made of the following raw materials by weight proportion: 10 to 100 of pomegranate raw juice, honey, proper yeast, proper granulated sugar, proper water and proper edible additives for making wines; the pomegranate wine can be prepared according to a normal brewing method. The present invention has the advantages of pure taste and rich nutrition and is suitable for different people to drink.

Description

A kind of pomegranate wine and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of beverage product, relate in particular to a kind of health care pomegranate wine and preparation method thereof, particularly a kind of pomegranate brandy as distilled liquor, pomegranate red wine, pomegranate beer, light sparkling wine and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Pomegranate is very wide from the Western Regions, pharmaceutical use.Pomegranate formal name used at school punica granatum originates in Russia, Iran, Afghanistan, scholar's ear one band, has passed to Mediterranean Sea coastwise contries before epoch westwards, has passed to India, China eastwards.According to " the natural science will " of Shanxi for Zhang Hua, can know the Zhang Qian in the Western Regions of sening as an envoy in the Han dynasty, state has taken back pomegranate from peace stone, has passed to interior ground via Xinjiang, Gansu, Shaanxi.Also putting down in writing in " Xijing dimension note ", the Emperor Wu Di of the Han dynasty is when Shanglin Imperial Park is built in Chang'an, and prefecture minister officials of all ranks and descriptions are offered as a tribute comprises pomegranate among very spending precious fruit.
Pomegranate is distributed in subtropics and area, temperate zone, and fruit is bright-coloured red beautiful, at hard outer intracutaneous, the red fruit grain as various countless rubies is arranged.Though in the fruit grain seed is arranged, sweet delicious succulence can add granulated sugar and make fruit syrup, pouring on desserts such as ice-creams, light redness and salubrious fragrance, make us prestige and drool with envy.
Pericarp is thick hard, adds countless seeds, so edible position is only remaining about 10, but the delicious succulence of pomegranate, has sweet taste, dense tart flavour and unique local flavor, so quite welcome.And why pulp presents redness, is because contain Flos Pelargonii (pelargonidine).
The pomegranate of each hectogram contains about 67 cards of heat, moisture 81.1 grams, protein 0.6 gram, fat 0.2 gram, sugar 16.8 grams, fiber 0.8 gram, mineral substance 0.5 gram, 8 milligrams of calcium, 15 milligrams in phosphorus, 0.1 milligram of iron, 1 milligram in sodium, 250 milligrams in potassium, VITMAIN B1 0.03 gram, 0.03 milligram of Wei ShengsuB2,10 milligrams of vitamins Cs etc.
Its heat, nutritive ingredient and sugar degree sugar are higher than Fructus Fici, pawpaw, loquat, persimmon, pears, Xia Cheng, apple, peach, apricot, kiwi fruit, and common grape sees the following form.
According to the Compendium of Materia Medica verification, pomegranate has the advantage of aspects such as the helping digestion that helps digestion, beauty treatment, health care, medicine.
ZL88106908.6 discloses the patent that name is called " a kind of manufacture method of pomegranate wine ", ZLD1109503.2 discloses name and has been called " dry ice pomegranate wine and manufacture method thereof ", because pomegranate wine is to form for the raw material manufacturing with the pomegranate, the pomegranate of different varieties is in conjunction with different method of making liquor, the reservation of its nutritive ingredient, sensory difference are very big, and foregoing invention fails to address these problems.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of beverage product, a kind of health care pomegranate beverage product and preparation method thereof especially are provided, a kind of pomegranate brandy as distilled liquor, pomegranate red wine, pomegranate beer, light sparkling wine and preparation method thereof are provided especially, overcome the not good enough shortcoming of reservation, mouthfeel of present pomegranate system wine nutritive ingredient, filled up the blank of pomegranate aspect the preparation brandy as distilled liquor.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions;
A kind of health care pomegranate wine mainly is the beverage product that form with the manufacturing of following weight parts raw material: pomegranate Normal juice 10-100, yeast is an amount of, granulated sugar is an amount of, water is an amount of;
Described component is preferably following parts by weight of component: pomegranate Normal juice 50-90, yeast 0.02-15, granulated sugar 1-20, water are an amount of, especially are 10-40; Described component is preferably following parts by weight of component again: pomegranate Normal juice 60-80, yeast 0.05-10, granulated sugar 2-7, and water is an amount of, especially is 15-30; Described component is preferably following parts by weight of component: pomegranate Normal juice 70, yeast 1, granulated sugar 3, water is an amount of, especially is 20.
Described raw material also can add following parts by weight of component: honey 2-60, especially honey 5-40, particularly honey 10-30, preferably honey 15;
Described honey as sophorae honey, osmanthus honey, rose honey, especially is pomegranate nectar for honey commonly used; Described pomegranate nectar contains 18 seed amino acids, and carbohydrate, organic acid, and VITAMIN, senior nutrition and biochemical activity compositions such as enzyme active substance for invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI, are moisturized laxation and cough-relieving detoxifcation etc. and are had good efficacy;
Described raw material also can add following parts by weight of component: edible system wine additive is an amount of, especially edible system wine additive 0.005-5, especially 0.01-4;
Described edible system wine additive can be the common acid agent, as citric acid, and tartrate, oxysuccinic acid acid agent; Sucrose, honey, oligose, edulcorants such as stevioside glycosides; Conventional perfumes such as apple spice, rose, grape flavor, orchid spices especially can be pomegranate spices;
Described pomegranate Normal juice can be Sweet fruit of Pomegranate kind Normal juice, and its high sugar helps fermentation;
Described pomegranate wine especially is brandy as distilled liquor, pomegranate red wine, pomegranate beer;
Described pomegranate wine can be converted the wine method according to tradition and blend, and converts the pomegranate wine of making various wine degree, taste, color and luster.
A kind of making method of the pomegranate wine that keeps healthy may further comprise the steps: can Sucus Granati or Sucus Granati to add honey be that raw material makes by conventional wine-making technology;
Described step also comprises: select the high-quality pomegranate really to produce Sucus Granati; Produce honey juice; Produce pomegranate essence deodorant tune; Method of making liquor routinely again is as brandy, red wine, beer wine brewing, light sparkling wine prepared.
The described Sucus Granati of producing can be: pomegranate can first low temperature-2 ℃-10 ℃ of processing, squeezing again, available separator-press squeezes fast, sharp separation, and supercentrifuge is centrifugal under-2 ℃ of-10 ℃ of low temperature makes, or adds gac, centrifugal the making of super-cell clarification; The described honey juice of producing can be: honey and Purified Water weaker concn are 10%-40%, filter 0.01-0.2um, boil 5-15min, are cooled to 18 ℃-45 ℃ and make honey juice; Described pomegranate essence deodorant tune is by conventional method for increasing aroma, also can be following method and makes: pomegranate Normal juice, add the thermal distillation degassing, and carry out aroma and reclaim, the simmer down to saturated solution gets natural pomegranate essence; Or carry out aroma with 45-95% ethanol and reclaim, the simmer down to saturated solution gets natural pomegranate essence; By described proportioning raw materials example, method of making liquor routinely prepares the former wine of pomegranate as brandy, red wine, beer wine-making technology again; The former wine of described pomegranate can be converted the wine method according to routine and blend, and pomegranate wine gets product.
A kind of making method of the pomegranate liquor that keeps healthy, adding honey with Sucus Granati or Sucus Granati is raw material, can improve by the manufacturing process of brandy, makes, and may further comprise the steps:
Gather, select fruit.Select high-quality pomegranate kind for use, as the edible pomegranate of Punicaceae: pomegranate, sweet pomegranate, sour fruit of Pomegranate, white pomegranates etc., especially pomegranate can be selected best ripening stage such as 9-10 month collection;
Produce Sucus Granati.The mechanical means peeling, getting pomegranate rice is the pomegranate berry, cleans; Pomegranate can be handled below 10 ℃ by first low temperature, again squeezing; Preferably squeeze into fresh Sucus Granati in the fruit wine separator-press fast, require every Semen Granati to be broken, seed can not break; Semen Granati and Sucus Granati are selected the non-metallic container splendid attire for use;
Sucus Granati separates with Semen Granati.Preferably sharp separation is selected fruit wine separator-press commonly used for use, separates fruit juice as spiral Screw Presser, and gasbag-type squeezing machine, juice separator, two pressure are pulled (the single pressure pulled) squeezing machine;
Clarification.Sucus Granati clarification after the separation, decon; Can adopt method of pectinase commonly used, bentonite fining process, mechanical fining process, preferably adopt low temperature, especially 2-8 ℃ is descended mechanical fining process, adopt promptly that the low-temperature and high-speed whizzer is centrifugal to be made, its high eccentricity can make the Sucus Granati clarification at short notice, reduces fragrance loss, removes most of wild yeast, guarantee the normal fermentation of wine, the level of automation height; Described mechanical fining process can add flocculating aids clarifications such as polygalacturonase, gac, diatomite;
Honey juice is produced: get the dilution of honey and Purified Water, described honey is pure honey; Green molasses adds the soft water weaker concn and is preferably 10%-40%; Boil, eliminate the unusual smell, the enzyme that goes out can be cooled to 35 ℃-45 ℃.
Because pomegranate is because of weather, the place of production, ripening stage difference, its composition difference need be carried out acidity and sugar adjustment when brew.The acidity of Sucus Granati and sugar adjustment, or with above-mentioned honey juice hybrid filtering after adjust again.Acidity adjustment before the Sucus Granati fermentation can be used citric acid, tartrate adjustment, makes the Sucus Granati PH after the clarification can be 3.2~3.6, and promptly raw material 5g-7g/L because the Sucus Granati acidity after separating is higher, generally need not fall acid adjustment.Sugar before the Sucus Granati fermentation is regulated, and can add granulated sugar, and especially 98.0~99.5% high-quality crystallized sugars can add once sugar by every 200L; Sugar stirs with the cold juice of Sucus Granati, dissolving fully, and the volume before the calculating fermentation, best disposable adding sugar can be 14-16g/L, because the sugar of Sucus Granati is higher, can reach 16.8g sugar/100g Sucus Granati, and Sucus Granati and/or honey juice help fermenting;
Described Sucus Granati can add rare gas element such as N in system wine 2Or CO 2Gas sealed container.
Sucus Granati can ferment in fermentation vat after transferring sugar, acidity immediately, and described leavening temperature is 15-23 ℃, especially is 16-20 ℃, and lord ferment period can be 10-20 days; Select the high-quality yeast for use, can add the yeast of 1%-10%, water is an amount of, especially 15-30%.Described yeast is as No. 1450 and No. 1203 yeast of: Chinese food fermentation scientific research institution's seed selection; The Am-1 active dry yeast; France SAF-OENOS active dry yeast; Open No. 39 yeast of abundant wine brewing company, the yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae CGMCC2.612 of Chinese microorganism center (CGMCC) preservation or CGMCC2.516 etc.Go out the pond after main ferment finishes the former wine of pomegranate is separated from row's juice mouth, the former wine list that flows automatically is solely deposited and can be made famous and precious wine, and residual sugar is lower than below the 58/L, can enter secondary fermentation.
After the Primary Fermentation, wine liquid reduces in the fermentor tank, and early stage, subzero treatment can be avoided in the Sucus Granati multiple phenolic compound such as pigment, aromatoising substance oxidation, avoided the former wine variable color of Sucus Granati, and is spoiled.
Described secondary fermentation temperature can be below 15 ℃, is preferably 4-10 ℃, and it is more perfect that slowly fermentation makes pomegranate formation fragrant and taste; The described secondary fermentation time can be 10-35 days; Residual sugar continues fermentation, and when fermentation finished thoroughly1 stops, residual sugar drops to below the 38/L, and volatile acid is made the former wine of pomegranate when 0.58/L is following, promptly carry out next step distillation; Fermentation back yeast autolysis or precipitation, secondary fermentation has the ageing effect, makes the pomegranate wine taste softer, perfect;
Sucus Granati distillation after the fermentation.Distillation time can be 15 days-9 months, volatile matter in the former wine of pomegranate is distilled and forms pomegranate alcohol, i.e. pomegranate original brandy.The pomegranate original brandy contains higher Titrable acid, pure taste, and frankness, wine degree/% (volume fraction) is controlled at 5.0-10.9, preferably 7-8; Acidity (/L) be 4.5-11.5, best 6-8; Sugar-free leaching thing (g/L) can be 10.5-25.0, preferably 16-20.Described liquor ethanol content can be 40%-70% (volume fraction), during the distillation of pomegranate brandy raw material wine, and volatile component such as aldehydes, vinegar class, influence distinctive taste of final pomegranate brandy such as higher alcohols and fragrance.
Distillating method: can distill at twice, can adopt the Charente distillation plant.During vapor enrichment, cut foreshot and wine tail, get middle cut; Make and slightly heat up in a steamer the wine degree and be controlled at 25 °-29 °, distillation obtains the pomegranate original brandy once more.The described wine method of cutting can be: the 0.5%-1.8% that divides with wine is foreshot's cut, and aromatising flavour is damaged; Cut wine with 50 °, can obtain 65 ° of-75 ° of former wine of pomegranate brandy.
The ageing of the former wine of pomegranate brandy.Preferably ageing is more than 3 years, the original brandy of ageing can carry out the pomegranate brandy of different production phases or the pomegranate original brandy of the interior storage of different buckets is blent mutually, or add soft water and blend and make 25 °-65 ° pomegranate brandy, also can be allocated, as suitable blending, suitably transfer sugar etc., the method for blending is blent for existing technique for making wine blending method;
Described spices can be pomegranate perfume (or spice), and described pomegranate aromatic pastil is to make by the following method: pomegranate Normal juice, add the thermal distillation degassing, and carry out aroma and reclaim, promptly get natural pomegranate essence; Or available 45-95% ethanol carries out aroma and reclaims, because pomegranate perfume compound is the mixture of multiple phenolic compound, can be dissolved in ethanol well and obtains extracting, and further simmer down to saturated solution, promptly.
Described pomegranate brandy technology also can add discoloring agent commonly used, and as unfermented honey, colourless pure winestone pomegranate brandy is made in decolourings such as superoxide;
Freezing, check is risen again, bottling, and packing makes pomegranate brandy finished product.Pomegranate brandy has the fragrance of happy fragrance, the mouthfeel of soft coordination and golden yellow transparent color and luster, and its sensory evaluation can be adopted the evaluation method evaluation of known brandy.
A kind of manufacture method of pomegranate red wine is extracted (CM method) with the carbonic maceration method, and concrete steps comprise:
Whole grain pomegranate rice is put in closed tin, is full of CO in jar 2Gas, pomegranate rice stands CO 2Dipping after squeezing is broken again, carry out pure juice fermentation by the fruit wine general technology then, promptly add yeast, optimal temperature, especially 18-20 ℃ of fermentation feeds SO 2, 45-85mg/LSO especially 2, fermentation, clarifying treatment stores, and obtains the former wine of pomegranate; CO in the described technology 2All the time be in state of saturation; Described CO 2Dipping temperature can be 18-28 ℃, 15-48h;
The fruit juice rupture rate was directly proportional with the time; Described impregnating autoclave volume can be 2.7m 3, 25 ℃-30 ℃ of temperature, time 24h, the fruit juice rupture rate is 15%; Dipping time 120h, fruit juice rupture rate 60%; Dipping 168h, rupture rate is 80%.Can adopt Peng's saccharomyces bayanus, temperature 27-28 ℃ of fermentation.
The former wine of pomegranate can be made into 10 ° of-20 ° of dry wine, sweet wine, half-dried wine through blending.
Described CM method is fit to fresh free of contamination pomegranate, and the pomegranate wine that this method is produced is through short term stored, and total ester content obviously increases, and its aldehydes, glycerine growing amount are higher than traditional method, so the wine body is soft, fragrance is pleased the people.
Pomegranate red wine of the present invention can also adopt rotation pot process, heat extraction, continuous fermentation method and the manufacturing of conventional red fermented glutinous rice method for making.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of pomegranate beer, may further comprise the steps:
With the Sucus Granati is raw material and yeast fermentation, or is raw material and yeast fermentation with Sucus Granati and honey, and described honey is pomegranate nectar; Deodorant tune can be pomegranate perfume (or spice); Make by existing beer technology of preparing again;
Concrete preparation method: produce bright Sucus Granati by preceding method, or with Sucus Granati and honey juice in fermentation cylinder for fermentation; Temperature can be 20-26 ℃, PH3-5; Proportioning raw materials: preferably fruit juice is the 10-30% of honey juice; Described honey is pure honey;
The allotment of pomegranate fruit honey can be: the fruit juice sterilization, and cooling adds in the honey liquor, and adds polygalacturonase, ammonium phosphate, to replenish zymic nitrogenous source and phosphorus source, it is 3.0-4 that mixed solution is transferred PH; Especially be 70 ℃ of fruit juice, the 20min sterilization, cooling adds in the honey liquor, and adds 0.1% polygalacturonase, 500ml/l ammonium phosphate, to replenish zymic nitrogenous source and phosphorus source, mixed solution PH is 3.3-3.5.
The sweet Primary Fermentation of pomegranate fruit: wine active dry yeast is activated with honey liquor, especially after the activation of 5% honey liquor, be inoculated in the above-mentioned mixed solution; Inoculum size to be inoculating the cereuisiae fermentum viable cell juice of back in the mixed solution, can 1 * 10 6Individual/ml is as the criterion.The fill factor control of fermentation vat can be about 80%.Temperature can be 20-25 ℃, and 5-7 days, residual sugar reduced to 3.0%, and Primary Fermentation finishes, and quiet amount is changed the pond, removes the wine pin, pumps into fermentor tank.
Secondary fermentation and storage wine, product temperature control is made as 10 ℃-0 ℃, " earlier high back low " secondary fermentation and storage wine phase are about 30 days, pomegranate sweet former wine really.
Adopt whole-malt, lixiviation process to produce wheat juice, the hops dosage can be 0.17%-0.20%, for making the sweet beer of pomegranate fruit the sweet fragrance of tangible pomegranate fruit is arranged, and can finish to add in preceding 20 minutes last hops at Wort boiling.5-7 ℃ of cold wheat juice product temperature.Yeast slurry access amount can be 1%.The highest product temperature control of Primary Fermentation can be 10 ℃, can treat that pol reduces to 3.8%-4.0%, and Primary Fermentation finishes, and makes bright beer; The former wine of above-mentioned pomegranate (in leach liquor content) that bright beer adds 40-45% mixes; Go with wine, preferably go with wine next day to the secondary fermentation jar, carry out after-ripening, the product temperature can be 0-3 ℃, can be 5-10 days; Again with wine liquid after diatomite filter filters, filter by cotton cake filtering machine; The wine liquid temp can be 0-1 ℃, CO 2Content can be 0.52-0.55%.At last, wine liquid enters bright beer tank, behind the quiet amount 8h, and can at once.
The former wine fermentation of described fruit honey, bright beer is replaced by wheat juice, and described wheat juice is produced by general technology.Described fruit juice is 8: 2 with wheat juice ratio, and inoculation can be the 0.5%-0.6% yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, and temperature can be 12 ℃, ferments 6-8 days.
The finished product vinosity meets the vinosity regulation: 1) outward appearance: light yellow, it is bright transparent to disappear; Foam is pure white, and it is more lasting to hang cup; 2) fragrance: tangible pomegranate sweet spices of fruit and hops perfume (or spice); 3) taste: pure taste is soft, sour-sweet moderate.4) physical and chemical index; Alcohol quality mark 〉=3.7%, former Fructus Hordei Germinatus concentration is about 12%, acidity≤2.6, CO 2Content 〉=0.4%, diacetic acid content≤0.13mg/L; 5) quality guaranteed period: the bottled pasteurized beer quality guaranteed period is no less than 120 days, and the bottled beer quality guaranteed period is no less than 7 days; 6) sanitary index: meet the GB2758-81 regulation.
Described Sucus Granati, or Sucus Granati and pomegranate nectar is raw material also can be used for making various types of beer as dry beer, dilution beer, alcohol-free beer, low alcohol beer, ice beer, black beer, fruit taste type, health, beer nutrient beer, pure life, turbid life, soft, light beer, aromatic beer, low purine beer, the beer that does not contain carcinogenic substance, four storehouse beer concentrate beer, white beer, instant beer, beauty beer etc.
The present invention ices beer preparation technology: comprise the former wine of brew, and the ice crystal processing, concrete technology is:
Can produce bright beer according to a conventional method, be preferably original wort concentration 10%, attenuation real degree can be 80%, and the alcohol volume fraction can be 5%, and colourity can be 6EBC unit.
Described Ice processing refrigeration system is-5~-10 ℃, remove the zymic bright beer pump into scraper-type water cooler speed be chilled to below freezing, low about 1 ℃ of general comparable freezing point; Temperature when ice crystal appears in above-mentioned wine liquid is-2.5-3.5 ℃.Through scraper plate water cooler cooling and produce the wine liquid of a small amount of little ice crystal, the input crystallizer is grown up ice crystal, wine is imported the deicing of deicing loading amount again under freezing point.Warp removes brilliant wine liquid, and input after-ripening jar can be stored more than 10 days about 0 ℃, filters, and can gets finished wine.
Described finished wine, mouthfeel is pure, and is soft, and exquisiteness is tasty and refreshing.
Described Sucus Granati is used to produce beer, and is further comprising the steps of: described step feeds carbonic anhydride and makes light sparkling wine.
The present invention has the following advantages:
1, Sucus Granati is prepared into pomegranate wine, has broken through traditional pomegranate eating method, provide more convenient, the beverage that nutrition is more complete, quality is mellow, gives beautiful impression when drinking.
2, the wine made from the natural Sucus Granati that is rich in various nutrient elements has absorbed the honey nutritive ingredient, replenishes the multiple nutritional components of needed by human body, has pure taste, and color and luster is limpid, aromatic good to eat characteristics.
3, the present invention uses natural nutrient component, and in conjunction with modern technique for making wine, long preservative period makes full use of this valuable natural resources of pomegranate, possesses the feature in epoch, is suitable for the people's of different taste needs.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of health care pomegranate liquor, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 80, yeast 1, granulated sugar 3, water 20.
The preparation method: the pomegranate ripening stage in September has been gathered fruit, and pomegranate rice is got in peeling, clean, 3 ℃ of processing of pomegranate elder generation's low temperature, the fruit wine separator-press squeezes into fresh Sucus Granati fast, and with the Semen Granati sharp separation; Sucus Granati after the separation adds diatomite 2Kg in 5 ℃ of centrifugal clarification Sucus Granati that make of following supercentrifuge;
Making the Sucus Granati PH after the clarification with citric acid is 3.5, adds 98.0~99.5% high-quality crystallized sugars, and every 200L adds once sugar; Sugar stirs with the cold juice of Sucus Granati, dissolving fully, and disposable adding sugar is 15g/L.
Sucus Granati ferments in the fermentation vat after transferring sugar, acidity immediately, and described leavening temperature is 20 ℃, and lord ferment period is 15 days; Add French SAF-OENOS active dry yeast, water 20%.Go out the pond after main ferment finishes the former wine of pomegranate is lower than below the 54/L from row's juice mouth outflow residual sugar, enter secondary fermentation.The secondary fermentation temperature is 10 ℃, 20 days; Residual sugar drops to below the 28/L, and volatile acid is made the former wine of pomegranate when 0.58/L is following, promptly distill, and distills 6 months, and the volatile matter in the former wine of pomegranate distills and forms the pomegranate original brandy.Wine degree/% (volume fraction) 8; Acidity (/L) be 8; Sugar-free leaching thing (g/L) is 20.Described liquor ethanol content is 70% (volume fraction).
Distillating method distills at twice, adopts the Charente distillation plant, during vapor enrichment, cuts foreshot and wine tail, gets middle cut; Make and slightly heat up in a steamer the wine degree and be controlled at 26 °-28 °, distillation obtains the pomegranate original brandy once more.The described wine method of cutting can be: with 1.8% of wine branch is foreshot's cut, and aromatising flavour is damaged; Cut wine with 50 °, can obtain 70 ° of former wine of pomegranate brandy.
The ageing of the former wine of pomegranate brandy 3 years blends into 25 °-65 ° pomegranate brandy, and pomegranate aromatic perfume (or spice) is freezing, and check is risen again, bottling, and packing makes pomegranate brandy finished product.Pomegranate brandy has fragrance, the mouthfeel of soft coordination and the golden yellow transparent color and luster of happy fragrance.
Embodiment 2
A kind of health care pomegranate liquor, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 100, pomegranate nectar 15, yeast 10, granulated sugar 5, water 30.
The preparation method: with embodiment 1, difference is pomegranate Normal juice and pomegranate nectar as fermentation raw material, and pomegranate nectar and Purified Water weaker concn are 18%, filters 0.05um, makes pomegranate honey juice, boils 15min again, eliminates the unusual smell, and the enzyme that goes out is cooled to 42 ℃.
Embodiment 3
A kind of health care pomegranate liquor, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 40, yeast 0.02, granulated sugar 1, water 10.
Preparation method: with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
A kind of health care pomegranate red wine, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 60, yeast 0.05, granulated sugar 20, water 30, pomegranate essence 5.
Preparation method: fresh pollution-free whole grain pomegranate rice is put in closed tin, is full of CO in jar 2Gas, CO 2Dipping, dipping temperature is 25 ℃, 40h.The squeezing of dipping back is broken, adds Peng's saccharomyces bayanus, 28 ℃, feeds 45mg/l SO 2, fermentation adds pomegranate essence, activated carbon 1Kg clarifying treatment, obtains the former wine of pomegranate; CO in the described technology 2All the time be in state of saturation.The former wine of pomegranate can be made into 10 ° of-20 ° of dry wine, sweet wine, half-dried wine through blending.The pomegranate wine of producing is through short term stored, and total ester content obviously increases, and its aldehydes, glycerine growing amount are higher than traditional method, and the wine body is soft, and fragrance is pleased the people;
Pomegranate essence: 65% extraction using alcohol, reclaimed ethanol, and made saturated solution in 5 hours.
Embodiment 5
A kind of health care pomegranate red wine, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 60, pomegranate nectar 5, yeast 0.05, granulated sugar 2, water 20, apple flavour 1.
The preparation method: choose fresh pomegranate fruit, Semen Granati is got in peeling, cleans, and squeezes the juice, and leads to 6% SO2, and with KHCO3 solution is transferred to 3.0, leaves standstill clarification then; The separating clarifying Sucus Granati; Pomegranate Normal juice and pomegranate nectar are as fermentation raw material, and pomegranate nectar and Purified Water weaker concn are 15%, filter 0.01um, make pomegranate honey juice, boil 6min again, eliminate the unusual smell, the enzyme that goes out is cooled to 18 ℃, go into fermentor tank, and add active fission yeast fermentation, 20 ℃ condition bottom fermentation again; Contain sugar after the fermentation less than 5 gram/L, logical 125L 6%SO2 adds apple flavour, adds full ageing; Before bottling, earlier carry out clarification filtration, under-10 ℃ temperature, fill up into wine and handled 20 days, under the low temperature behind the clarification filtration, carry out bottling immediately after the Sterile Filtration, play plug, case after beating plug, cap bag, decals with flame filter press with diatomite filter.
Embodiment 6
A kind of health care pomegranate beer, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 70, pomegranate honey 20, yeast 2, granulated sugar 3, water 25.
A kind of preparation method of pomegranate beer may further comprise the steps: produce bright Sucus Granati and pomegranate honey juice by embodiment 1,2 methods; In fermentation cylinder for fermentation; Time is 24 ℃, PH4; 60 ℃ of Sucus Granati, the 20min sterilization, cooling adds in the pomegranate honey liquor, and adds 0.1% polygalacturonase, and 500ml/l ammonium phosphate, mixed solution PH are 3.5.With wine active dry yeast with the activation of 10% honey liquor after, be inoculated in the above-mentioned mixed solution; Inoculum size is to inoculate the cereuisiae fermentum viable cell juice in the mixed solution of back, with 1.2 * 10 6Individual/ml is advisable.The fill factor of fermentation vat is controlled to be 75%.25 ℃ of temperature, 6 days, residual sugar reduced to 3.0%, and Primary Fermentation finishes, and quiet amount is changed the pond, removes the wine pin, pumps into fermentor tank.Secondary fermentation and storage wine, the product temperature control is made as 10-0 ℃, and " high earlier back is low " secondary fermentation and storage wine phase are 30 days.The sweet former wine of pomegranate fruit mixes with bright beer, and the employing whole-malt is produced wheat juice, and the hops dosage is 0.18%, finishes to add in preceding 18 minutes last hops, 6 ℃ of cold wheat juice product temperature at Wort boiling; 10 ℃ of the highest product temperature controls of Primary Fermentation.Treat that pol reduces to 4.0%, add 45% the sweet former wine of pomegranate fruit.Next day, go with wine to the secondary fermentation jar, carry out after-ripening, 0-3 ℃ of product temperature, 5-10 days.Again with wine liquid after diatomite filter filters, filter by cotton cake filtering machine.1 ℃ of wine liquid temp, CO 2Content is 0.54%, and last, wine liquid enters bright beer tank, behind the quiet amount 8h, and can at once.
Embodiment 7
A kind of health care pomegranate beer, raw material is (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 10, yeast 6, granulated sugar 3, water 20.
Preparation method: produce bright Sucus Granati by embodiment 1 method; Method is with embodiment 6, described former wine fermentation, and bright beer is replaced by wheat juice, and described wheat juice is produced by general technology.Described fruit juice is 8: 2 with wheat juice ratio, the inoculation yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, and 12 ℃ of temperature were fermented 6-8 days.
Embodiment 8
A kind of health care pomegranate sparkling wine, raw material are (Kg): pomegranate Normal juice 95, yeast 3, granulated sugar 3, water 20.
Preparation method: produce bright Sucus Granati by embodiment 1 method, add citric acid agent acid adjustment PH3.5, add beer yeast fermenting; The former wine of fermented liquid feeds carbonic anhydride 5%.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of preparation method of pomegranate wine may further comprise the steps;
1) produce Sucus Granati: pomegranate in-2 ℃ of-10 ℃ of subzero treatment, is squeezed, and with pomegranate juice and Semen Granati sharp separation, the pomegranate juice after the separation is clarified, decon is standby,
2) preparation of the former wine of pomegranate: it is 3.2-3.6 that the Sucus Granati that step 1) is prepared is regulated the pH value, and every liter of Sucus Granati adds sugared 14-16g, behind adding live yeast and the water, carry out Primary Fermentation, described leavening temperature is 15-23 ℃, and fermentation time is 10-20 days, and residual sugar is lower than 58/L and enters secondary fermentation when following, the secondary fermentation temperature is below 15 ℃, the secondary fermentation time is 10-35 days, and residual sugar drops to below the 38/L, and volatile acid is when 0.58/L is following, it is standby to make the former wine of pomegranate
3) with step 2) the former wine distillation of prepared pomegranate obtains the pomegranate original brandy, and distillation time is 15 days-9 months, and pomegranate original brandy wine degree is controlled at 5.0-10.9vol%; Acidity control is 4.5-11.5 acidity/L, and sugar-free leaching thing is controlled at 10.5-25.0g/L, and ethanol content is controlled to be 40%-70vol%; Described distillation is distilled at twice, during vapor enrichment, cuts foreshot and wine tail, gets middle cut, makes slightly to heat up in a steamer the wine degree and be controlled at 25 °-29 °, and distillation obtains the pomegranate original brandy once more; The described wine method of cutting is: the 0.5vol%-1.8vol% that divides with wine is foreshot's cut, cuts wine with 50 °, obtains 65 ° of-75 ° of former wine of pomegranate brandy,
4) the former wine ageing of pomegranate brandy that step 3) is prepared, blend, blending, promptly get pomegranate brandy finished product of the present invention.
2, according to the preparation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: pomegranate clarification of juice means adopt 2-8 ℃ of centrifugal the making of following low-temperature and high-speed whizzer in the step 1), and add polygalacturonase, gac or diatomite help clarification.
3, according to the preparation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: step 2) in when carrying out Primary Fermentation, leavening temperature is 16-20 ℃.
4, according to the preparation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: step 2) in when carrying out secondary fermentation, leavening temperature is 4-10 ℃.
5, according to the preparation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: when preparing the pomegranate original brandy in the step 3), prepared pomegranate original brandy wine degree is controlled at 7-8vol%; Acidity control is at 6-8 acidity/L; Sugar-free leaching thing is controlled at 16-20g/L.
6, according to the preparation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the step 4) with the former wine ageing of prepared pomegranate brandy more than 3 years.
7, a kind of pomegranate wine is characterized in that it being the product that is prepared by the arbitrary described method of claim 1~6.
CN 03150395 2003-07-31 2003-07-31 Pomegranate wine and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN1219867C (en)

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CN100357420C (en) * 2005-07-04 2007-12-26 西安丹若尔石榴酒业有限责任公司 Preparation method of series pomegranate wine
CN101586065B (en) * 2009-05-08 2012-07-18 西北农林科技大学 Method for manufacturing full juice pomegranate sparkling wine
CN101624573B (en) * 2009-06-04 2011-02-16 新疆农业科学院微生物应用研究所 Saccharomyces cerevisiae for brewing pomegranate fruit wine and pomegranate wine prepared by fermentation
CN102102076B (en) * 2010-12-30 2012-02-29 山东轻工业学院 Brewing technology of pomegranate ice wine
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