CN116927595A - Lock with cipher and lock core double locking - Google Patents

Lock with cipher and lock core double locking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116927595A
CN116927595A CN202310811793.4A CN202310811793A CN116927595A CN 116927595 A CN116927595 A CN 116927595A CN 202310811793 A CN202310811793 A CN 202310811793A CN 116927595 A CN116927595 A CN 116927595A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lock
rotating shaft
code
lock cylinder
code disc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202310811793.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈志鸿
谢海超
李京三
宋利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhuhai Unitech Power Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhuhai Unitech Power Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhuhai Unitech Power Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhuhai Unitech Power Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202310811793.4A priority Critical patent/CN116927595A/en
Publication of CN116927595A publication Critical patent/CN116927595A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The application discloses a lock with double locking of a password and a lock cylinder, which comprises a lock body; the lock hook is movably arranged on the lock body and is provided with a locking position and an unlocking position; the lock core assembly comprises a lock core rotatably arranged in the lock body and is matched with the lock hook to unlock or lock the lock hook, so that the lock hook is switched between unlocking positions of the locking positions; the password assembly is rotatably arranged on the lock body, so that the password assembly can lock or release the lock cylinder, and when the password assembly releases the lock cylinder, the lock cylinder is rotated to unlock the lock hook; when the password component locks the lock cylinder, the lock cylinder is rotated, and the lock cylinder is fixed, so that the lock hook is positioned at the locking position. According to the technical scheme, double locking is performed through the lock cylinder and the coded disc, so that the safety of the lockset is improved.

Description

Lock with cipher and lock core double locking
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of locks, in particular to a lock with double locking of a password and a lock cylinder.
Background
The lockset with the coded disc on the market is generally provided with two unlocking modes of the coded disc and the lock core, namely, the lockset can be opened by independently using a code or a key. In the electric power anti-misoperation system, a lock is generally unlocked by using a lock cylinder, the lock cylinder and a key are of uniform specification, and the lock corresponding to the lock cylinder can be unlocked by having a mechanical key. When the mechanical key is lost, the lockset has the risk of being opened at will, and then the existing lockset has certain potential safety hazard.
The foregoing is provided merely for the purpose of facilitating understanding of the technical solutions of the present application and is not intended to represent an admission that the foregoing is prior art.
Disclosure of Invention
The application mainly aims to provide a lock with double locking of a password and a lock cylinder.
In order to achieve the above object, the lock set forth in the present application includes:
a lock body;
the lock hook is movably arranged on the lock body and is provided with a locking position and an unlocking position;
the lock core assembly comprises a lock core rotatably arranged in the lock body and is matched with the lock hook to unlock or lock the lock hook, so that the lock hook is switched between unlocking positions of the locking positions;
the password assembly is rotatably arranged on the lock body, so that the password assembly can lock or release the lock cylinder, and when the password assembly releases the lock cylinder, the lock cylinder is rotated to unlock the lock hook; when the password component locks the lock cylinder, the lock cylinder is rotated, and the lock cylinder is fixed, so that the lock hook is positioned at the locking position.
Further, the code assembly comprises a code disc rotating shaft and a code disc sleeved on the code disc rotating shaft, the code disc drives the code disc rotating shaft to rotate so as to release or block the code disc rotating shaft, the lock cylinder is unlocked or locked, when the code disc is in a correct position, the code disc rotating shaft is released, and the code disc rotating shaft can move relative to the code disc so as to unlock the lock cylinder.
Further, the password component further comprises a limiting piece, a limiting groove is formed in the periphery of the password disc, and two ends of the limiting piece are in butt joint with the limiting groove and the lock body.
Further, the code disc rotating shaft is provided with a clamping protrusion, the code disc is provided with a clamping groove corresponding to the clamping protrusion, the code disc drives the code disc rotating shaft to rotate through the cooperation of the clamping protrusion and the clamping groove, the lock body is provided with a clearance groove corresponding to the clamping protrusion, and when the position of the code disc is correct, the clearance groove is aligned with the clamping protrusion so as to release the code disc rotating shaft.
Further, the lock core assembly comprises a lock core rotating shaft in driving connection with the lock core, an unlocking part and a locking part are arranged on the lock core rotating shaft, when the position of the coded disc is correct, the lock core drives the lock core rotating shaft to rotate, the lock core rotating shaft is switched from the locking part to the coded disc rotating shaft in butt joint, the unlocking part is in butt joint with the coded disc rotating shaft, the coded disc rotating shaft is pushed to move, and the lock core rotating shaft releases the lock hook.
Further, the password component further comprises a transmission rod, the password disc rotating shaft is sleeved on the transmission rod, the password disc and the password disc rotating shaft can rotate relative to the transmission rod, the lock cylinder rotating shaft is further provided with a password changing part, when the password disc is located at the correct position, the lock cylinder rotates to drive the lock cylinder rotating shaft to rotate, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft is switched from the unlocking lock part to the transmission rod in butt joint to the password changing part to the transmission rod in butt joint so as to drive the transmission rod and the password disc rotating shaft to axially move.
Further, the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft is the password changing part, a first groove and a second groove are further formed in the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft to form the unlocking part and the locking part respectively, and the depth of the first groove is smaller than that of the second groove.
Further, the transmission rod is convexly provided with a limiting block, the inner side wall of the password disc rotating shaft corresponds to the limiting block, a slot is formed in the inner side wall of the password disc rotating shaft, the slot extends along the axial direction of the password disc rotating shaft, the depth of the first groove is larger than that of the slot, when the position of the password disc is correct, the limiting block is aligned with the slot, when the unlocking position is in butt joint with the transmission rod, the lock cylinder rotating shaft pushes the transmission rod to move, when the unlocking position is in butt joint with the transmission rod, the limiting block is in butt joint with the slot, and the transmission rod drives the password disc rotating shaft to move synchronously.
Further, the lock body is provided with a mounting groove, the code disc is arranged in the mounting groove, the lock body is further provided with a sliding groove vertically communicated with the mounting groove, and the transmission rod and the code disc rotating shaft movably penetrate through the sliding groove.
Further, the password assembly further comprises a first reset piece and a second reset piece, the first reset piece is arranged between the password disc rotating shaft and the lock body, and the second reset piece is arranged between the transmission rod and the lock body.
Further, the lock further comprises a locking piece connected with the lock cylinder, the locking piece is provided with a first position for locking the lock hook and a second position for unlocking the lock hook, the lock cylinder rotating shaft drives the locking piece to move between the first position and the second position so as to unlock or lock the lock hook, the locking piece is provided with a boss, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft is provided with a clamping table, when the lock hook is located at the locking position, the boss is matched with the clamping table so as to limit the lock cylinder rotating shaft to rotate; when the lock hook is positioned at the unlocking position, the boss is separated from the clamping table so as to allow the lock cylinder rotating shaft to rotate.
Further, the locking piece is provided with a positioning groove, the lock cylinder rotating shaft is matched with the positioning groove to drive the locking piece to move between a first position and a second position, and the positioning groove is internally provided with the boss.
Further, the lock further comprises an elastic piece, one end of the locking piece is matched with the locking hook, and the elastic piece is clamped between the other end of the locking piece and the lock body.
According to the technical scheme, the lock core is locked through the password component, the lock core can lock the lock hook, when unlocking is needed, the lock core can be released only by unlocking the password component, then the lock core is rotated to enable the lock hook to be in the unlocking position, and the lock can be unlocked only by simultaneously unlocking the password component and the lock core component. The scheme performs double locking through the lock core and the coded disc, and improves the safety of the lockset.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings that are required in the embodiments or the description of the prior art will be briefly described, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and other drawings may be obtained according to the structures shown in these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is an exploded view of one embodiment of the lock of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the cryptographic assembly of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the lock body of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the spindle of the lock cylinder of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a bottom view of the lock cylinder spindle of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the lock of the present application in a locked state;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the lock of the present application in an unlocked state;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the lock of the present application in a code modifying state;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the lock of the present application with the lock cylinder spindle engaged;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the lock of the present application with the lock cylinder spindle separated from the lock block;
fig. 11 is a schematic view of the latch of fig. 1.
Reference numerals illustrate:
reference numerals Name of the name Reference numerals Name of the name
100 Lock set 41 Cipher disk
10 Lock body 411 Clamping groove
11 Position avoiding groove 412 Limiting groove
12 Mounting groove 42 Cipher disc rotary shaft
13 Sliding chute 421 Slot groove
14 Side plug 422 Clamping convex
15 Bottom plug 423 First reset piece
16 Lock hole 43 Transmission rod
20 Latch hook 431 Limiting block
30 Lock cylinder assembly 432 Second reset piece
31 Lock core 44 Limiting piece
32 Lock core rotating shaft 441 Spring
321 Unlocking part 442 Steel ball
322 Locking part 50 Locking piece
323 Cipher changing part 51 Boss
324 Clamping table 52 Positioning groove
325 Eccentric shaft 53 Elastic piece
40 Cipher assembly
The achievement of the objects, functional features and advantages of the present application will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in conjunction with the embodiments.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present application will be made clearly and fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is evident that the embodiments described are only some, but not all embodiments of the application. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the application without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the application.
It should be noted that all directional indicators (such as up, down, left, right, front, and rear … …) in the embodiments of the present application are merely used to explain the relative positional relationship, movement, etc. between the components in a particular posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the particular posture is changed, the directional indicator is changed accordingly.
In the present application, unless specifically stated and limited otherwise, the terms "connected," "affixed," and the like are to be construed broadly, and for example, "affixed" may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral body; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly, through intermediaries, or both, may be in communication with each other or in interaction with each other, unless expressly defined otherwise. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
Furthermore, descriptions such as those referred to as "first," "second," and the like, are provided for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying a relative importance or implying an order of magnitude of the indicated technical features in the present disclosure. Thus, a feature defining "a first" or "a second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, the meaning of "and/or" as it appears throughout is meant to include three side-by-side schemes, for example, "a and/or B", including a scheme, or B scheme, or a scheme that is satisfied by both a and B. In addition, the technical solutions of the embodiments may be combined with each other, but it is necessary to base that the technical solutions can be realized by those skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should be considered to be absent and not within the scope of protection claimed in the present application.
The application provides a lock 100 with double locking of a password and a lock cylinder.
Referring to fig. 1, the lock 100 includes: a lock body 10; the lock hook 20 is movably arranged on the lock body 10, and the lock hook 20 is provided with a locking position and an unlocking position; a cylinder assembly 30 including a cylinder 31 rotatably provided in the lock body 10, the cylinder assembly 30 being engaged with the lock hook 20 to unlock or lock the lock hook 20, so that the lock hook 20 is switched between an unlock position and a lock position; the password assembly 40 is rotatably arranged on the lock body 10, so that the password assembly 40 can lock or release the lock cylinder 31, and when the password assembly 40 releases the lock cylinder 31, the lock cylinder 31 is rotated to unlock the lock hook 20; when the combination assembly 40 locks the lock cylinder 31, the lock cylinder 31 is rotated and the lock cylinder 31 is immobilized so that the shackle 20 is in the locked position.
According to the technical scheme, the lock cylinder 31 is locked through the password component 40, the lock cylinder 31 can lock the lock hook 20, when unlocking is needed, the lock cylinder 31 can be released only by unlocking the password component 40, then the lock cylinder 31 is rotated to enable the lock hook 20 to be in the unlocking position, and the lock 100 can be unlocked only by simultaneously unlocking the password component 40 and the lock cylinder component 30. The proposal uses the lock cylinder 31 and the coded disc 41 to perform double locking, thereby improving the safety of the lockset 100. Even if the corresponding mechanical key of the cylinder assembly 30 is lost, the lock 100 will not be opened at will; also, even if the code is known, the lock 100 cannot be opened without a mechanical key.
In order to further explain the innovative requirements of mechanical anti-misoperation locksets in an electric anti-misoperation system and solve the problem risk that a lock cylinder and a key of the mechanical anti-misoperation lockset are in unified specification, and the lockset corresponding to the lock cylinder can be opened by one mechanical key, the inventive concept of the application is explained from the following 3 angles:
(1) Intellectualization (electronization): the mechanical lock is not used, the electronic lock or the intelligent lock (such as a Bluetooth lock, an NFC lock, a fingerprint lock and the like) is used, the mechanical lock opening does not exist in the electronic lock, the traditional lock core module does not exist, and even if the mechanical lock opening exists, the non-emergency situation can not be opened. Under the condition, the misoperation-preventive locking requirement in the electric misoperation-preventive system is met, thousands of misoperation-preventive locks are often needed for a transformer substation, reliability of the electronic locks or the intelligent locks is greatly tested, the effectiveness of electronic modules such as Bluetooth, fingerprint and NFC is high, the battery electricity monitoring or maintenance cost of the locks is high, and under the application scene, the mechanical misoperation-preventive locks have obvious technical advantages.
(2) And (3) mechanical transformation: the mechanical lock is continuously used, the mechanical properties of the mechanical lock are not changed, the mechanical lock is improved, as the conception of the application is the same, a mechanical password mechanism and a locking mechanism corresponding to a limiting lock cylinder are added, the technical advantages of the traditional mechanical anti-misoperation lock are reserved, and the technical problems are also improved.
(3) Electromechanically reforming: the mechanical lockset is continuously used, an electronic module (such as Bluetooth, fingerprint identification, face recognition, NFC and the like) is added, a functional module of the mechanical lockset is reserved, and a functional module of the intelligent lockset is newly added. Although the problem of traditional mechanical mistake proofing tool to lock has been solved, this kind of product scheme cost is the highest, has traditional mistake proofing tool to lock function, has intelligent mistake proofing tool to lock performance, also has intelligent tool to lock product performance reliability problem (e.g. electronic components quality requirement is high) under the electric power mistake proofing scene of intelligent tool to lock to and product maintenance cost is high (e.g. tool to lock battery control and maintenance).
In this embodiment, the code assembly 40 limits the lock core 31 to rotate in various ways, for example, the code assembly 40 can extend into the lock body 10 to limit the lock core 31 and the lock body 10 together, so that the lock core 31 cannot rotate relative to the lock body 10 when the key is turned. In addition, a limiting component may be further disposed on the rotation shaft of the lock cylinder 31, and the rotation of the lock cylinder 31 may be limited only by limiting the rotation of the limiting component, which is not limited herein, but specific implementation manners are not limited herein.
Specifically, the lock body 10 is provided with a cavity and a lock hole 16 communicated with the cavity, the lock core assembly 30 and the code assembly 40 are both arranged in the cavity, and the lock hook 20 is movably arranged in the lock hole 16. The latch hook 20 is approximately in an inverted U shape, the latch hook 20 comprises a long end and a short end, the long end is matched with the lock core assembly 30, when the long end of the latch hook 20 is unlocked, the whole latch hook 20 pops out of the lock body 10, the short end of the latch hook 20 stretches out of the lock body 10, and the whole latch hook 20 can rotate around the long end, so that unlocking of the lock is realized.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the code assembly 40 includes a code disc rotating shaft 42 and a code disc 41 sleeved on the code disc rotating shaft 42, the code disc 41 drives the code disc rotating shaft 42 to rotate to release or block the code disc rotating shaft 42, so that the lock cylinder 31 is unlocked or locked, when the code disc 41 is in a correct position, the code disc rotating shaft 42 is released, and the code disc rotating shaft 42 can move relative to the code disc 41 to unlock the lock cylinder 31.
In this embodiment, the code assembly 40 includes a code disc rotating shaft 42 and a code disc 41, the code disc 41 is sleeved on the periphery of the code disc rotating shaft 42, and one end of the code disc rotating shaft 42 is matched with the lock cylinder 31, and the code assembly 40 is unlocked by limiting the rotation of the code disc 41 by the code disc rotating shaft 42.
Referring to fig. 2, in general, the outer ring of the code disc 41 has 0 to 9 ten numbers to indicate different code numbers, and the code disc 41 is provided with a plurality of code discs 41 to increase the difficulty of unlocking the code, when all code discs 41 are located at the correct positions, i.e. when all numbers on the code discs 41 are correct, the code disc 41 can unlock the code disc rotating shaft 42, and at this time, the code disc rotating shaft 42 moves relative to the code discs 41, thereby releasing the lock core 31.
It should be noted that, after the code disc rotating shaft 42 moves relative to the code disc 41, the code disc rotating shaft 42 does not limit the code disc 41 any more, and at this time, the code disc 41 can rotate relative to the code disc rotating shaft 42, so that the code can be changed. That is, when password change is required, password component 40 needs to be unlocked first.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the code assembly 40 further includes a limiting member 44, a limiting groove 412 is formed on the periphery of the code disc 41, and two ends of the limiting member 44 are abutted against the limiting groove 412 and the lock body 10.
In order to prevent random rotation of the code disc 41 after unlocking, a limit groove 412 is formed in the outer ring of the code disc 41, each limit groove 412 is formed between two adjacent numbers, when the limit piece 44 is clamped in the corresponding limit groove 412, the code disc 41 cannot rotate randomly, meanwhile, the situation that after the code is changed, the code disc 41 rotates randomly to cause that an actual code is inconsistent with a code originally designed by a user is avoided, the code assembly 40 cannot be unlocked, and therefore user experience is reduced.
Specifically, the limiting member 44 is disposed in the cavity of the lock body 10, the limiting member 44 includes a spring 441 and a steel ball 442, one side of the steel ball 442 is elastically abutted against the spring 441, the other side of the steel ball 442 is in contact with the periphery of the code disc 41, the spring 441 provides the power for the steel ball 442 to move toward the code disc 41, and when the code disc 41 needs to rotate, the steel ball 442 is extruded, so that the spring 441 is compressed. When the steel ball 442 is clamped in the limiting groove 412, the code wheel 41 will not rotate at will. In addition, during the rotation of the code disc 41, the steel balls 442 contact with the concave-convex portions of the outer periphery of the code disc 41, and give a certain hand feel to the user, so as to prompt the user of the number of digits to rotate.
Referring to fig. 2, 6 and 7, the code disc rotating shaft 42 is provided with a clamping protrusion 422, the code disc 41 is provided with a clamping slot 411 corresponding to the clamping protrusion 422, the code disc 41 drives the code disc rotating shaft 42 to rotate through the cooperation of the clamping protrusion 422 and the clamping slot 411, the lock body 10 is provided with a position avoiding slot 11 corresponding to the clamping protrusion 422, and when the code disc 41 is in a correct position, the position avoiding slot 11 is aligned with the clamping protrusion 422 so as to release the code disc rotating shaft 42.
In this embodiment, when the position of the code wheel 41 is wrong, the locking protrusion 422 of the code wheel rotating shaft 42 is dislocated with the avoiding slot 11 of the lock body 10, and at this time, the code wheel rotating shaft 42 cannot move axially, that is, the lock cylinder 31 cannot be released, and the axial movement of the code wheel rotating shaft 42 is limited by the lock body 10. In addition, the locking protrusion 422 of the code disc rotating shaft 42 is locked with the locking slot 411 in the code disc 41 in the circumferential direction by default, so that the code disc rotating shaft 42 is driven to rotate by the code disc 41.
In general, the circumference of the code disc 41 is provided with 0 to 9 numbers, so that ten corresponding clamping slots 411 are formed in the code disc 41, and one clamping protrusion 422 is formed in the code disc rotating shaft 42, and the clamping protrusion 422 of the code disc rotating shaft 42 is matched with one clamping slot 411 of the code disc 41 under default condition, after the code, the code disc rotating shaft 42 can return to one clamping slot 411.
Referring to fig. 5, 6 and 7, the lock cylinder assembly 30 includes a lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 in driving connection with the lock cylinder 31, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is provided with an unlocking portion 321 and a locking portion 322, when the position of the code wheel 41 is correct, the lock cylinder 31 drives the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 to rotate, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is switched from the locking portion 322 to the unlocking portion 321 to the code wheel rotating shaft 42 to push the code wheel rotating shaft 42 to move, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 releases the lock hook 20.
In this embodiment, when the password is correct, the lock core rotating shaft 32 is no longer limited by the lock body 10, the password disc rotating shaft 42 has an axially moving space, and at this time, the lock core rotating shaft 32 can rotate, so that the key can rotate the lock core 31, and the lock core 31 releases the lock hook 20, thereby unlocking the lock. At this time, when the code is located at the correct position, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is rotated to the unlocking position to push the code disc rotating shaft 42 to move, i.e. the code disc 41 can be rotated to change the code.
Referring to fig. 6 and 8, the code assembly 40 further includes a transmission rod 43, the code disc rotating shaft 42 is sleeved on the transmission rod 43, the code disc 41 and the code disc rotating shaft 42 can rotate relative to the transmission rod 43, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is further provided with a code changing portion 323, when the code disc 41 is located at a correct position, the lock cylinder 31 rotates to drive the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 to rotate, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is switched from the abutting connection of the unlocking lock portion and the transmission rod 43 to the abutting connection of the code changing portion 323 and the transmission rod 43 so as to drive the transmission rod 43 and the code disc rotating shaft 42 to axially move.
Preferably, the code assembly 40 further includes a transmission rod 43, the code disc 41 and the code disc rotating shaft are both in an annular arrangement, the transmission rod 43 movably penetrates through the code disc rotating shaft 42, the code disc 41 is sleeved outside the code disc rotating shaft 42, one end of the transmission rod 43 is matched with the lock cylinder 31, when the code disc 41 rotates to a correct position, the code changing part 323 of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is pushed to axially move together with the code disc rotating shaft 42 in the process of abutting the transmission rod 43, and at the moment, the code disc 41 can be independently rotated to change the code.
It should be noted that, when the unlocking position of the lock core rotating shaft 32 abuts against the transmission rod 43, only the transmission rod 43 can be pushed to move axially, and only the unlocking function can be realized at this time, but the password changing function cannot be realized. By the arrangement, different functions are realized when different parts (the unlocking part 321, the locking part 322 and the password changing part 323) of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 are abutted with the transmission rod 43, so that user experience is optimized.
It can be understood that, although the password can be changed without the transmission rod 43, the password can be unlocked or changed at this time, in this embodiment, the transmission rod 43 is provided, when the unlocking position of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is abutted with the transmission rod 43, only the transmission rod 43 can be pushed to move axially, the password disc rotating shaft 42 cannot be pushed to move, at this time, the password disc 41 is limited by the password disc rotating shaft 42, the password disc 41 cannot rotate, only the unlocking function can be realized, and the password changing function cannot be realized; when the password changing bit of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is abutted with the transmission rod 43, the transmission rod 43 and the password disc rotating shaft 42 are pushed to move simultaneously, and the password disc 41 can rotate, so that password changing can be realized. Different parts (an unlocking part 321, a locking part 322 and a password changing part 323) of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 are enabled to realize different functions when being abutted with the transmission rod 43, so that user experience is optimized.
Referring to fig. 5, the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is a password changing portion 323, a first groove and a second groove are further formed on the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 to form an unlocking portion 321 and a locking portion 322, respectively, and the depth of the first groove is smaller than that of the second groove.
In this embodiment, the matching position of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 and the transmission rod 43 has a radian change, and the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32, the first groove and the second groove are respectively a password changing portion 323, an unlocking portion 321 and a locking portion 322. Different parts are matched with the transmission rod 43, and the distance for pushing the transmission rod 43 to move is different.
Specifically, when the lock portion 322 (second groove) abuts against the transmission lever 43, the transmission lever 43 is in an extended state, i.e., a position close to the lock cylinder 31; when the unlocking portion 321 (first groove) abuts against the transmission rod 43, the unlocking shaft pushes the transmission rod 43 to move a first distance away from the lock core 31 because the depth of the first groove is smaller than that of the second groove; when the password changing portion 323 (the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32) abuts against the transmission rod 43, the unlocking rotating shaft pushes the transmission rod 43 and the password disc 41 to rotate to move a second distance away from the lock cylinder 31, and the second distance is larger than the first distance. In practice, as long as the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 rotates, the distance for the transmission rod 43 to move is three, and the three structures of the protrusion, the periphery and the groove can be realized, and the peripheral and two grooves can also be adopted, which is not limited herein.
Referring to fig. 2 and 8, the transmission rod 43 is convexly provided with a limiting block 431, the inner side wall of the code disc rotating shaft 42 is provided with a slot 421 corresponding to the limiting block 431, the slot 421 extends along the axial direction of the code disc rotating shaft 42, the depth of the first groove is greater than that of the slot 421, when the position of the code disc 41 is correct, the limiting block 431 is aligned with the slot 421, when the unlocking position is abutted with the transmission rod 43, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 pushes the transmission rod 43 to move, when the unlocking position is abutted with the transmission rod 43, the limiting block 431 is abutted with the slot 421, and the transmission rod 43 drives the code disc rotating shaft 42 to move synchronously.
Since the slot 421 is formed in the inner side wall of the code disc shaft 42, and the depth of the first groove is greater than the depth of the slot 421, when the unlocking portion 321 (the first groove) abuts against the driving rod 43, the driving rod 43 moves a distance, but the distance moved at this time is insufficient to overcome the depth of the slot 421, that is, the driving rod 43 moves backward at this time, but does not contact the code disc shaft 42 in the axial direction, so that the code disc shaft 42 is not driven to move. When the distance of the movement of the stopper 431 is equal to the depth of the slot 421 in the process of pushing the transmission rod 43 to move by abutting the password changing portion 323 with the transmission rod 43, the transmission rod 43 axially contacts the password disc rotating shaft 42 and pushes the password disc rotating shaft 42 to synchronously move.
Referring to fig. 3, the lock body 10 is provided with a mounting groove 12, the code wheel 41 is disposed in the mounting groove 12, the lock body 10 is further provided with a chute 13 vertically communicated with the mounting groove 12, and the transmission rod 43 and the code wheel rotating shaft 42 are movably disposed in the chute 13 in a penetrating manner.
Further, the lock body 10 is provided with a plurality of mounting grooves 12, the number of the mounting grooves 12 is identical to that of the code plates 41, in general, the plurality of mounting grooves 12 are arranged at intervals, one side of each mounting groove 12 penetrates through the lock body 10, and a part of the outer peripheral surface of each code plate 41 is located on the surface of the lock body 10 so as to stir the code plates 41.
When the password disc 41 and the password disc rotating shaft 42 are installed, after the password disc 41 and the password disc rotating shaft 42 are well corresponding, the password disc is sunk into the installation groove 12 from the surface of the lock body 10, through holes are formed in the side edges of the lock body 10, the transmission shaft penetrates through the password disc rotating shaft 42 from the side edges of the lock body 10, and then the through holes are blocked by the side plugs 14, so that the password assembly 40 is installed. In addition, the tank bottom of the mounting groove 12 penetrates through the bottom of the lock body 10, the limiting piece 44 penetrates through the bottom of the lock body 10 to be in butt joint with the password rotary table, the lock body 10 is further provided with a bottom plug 15, and the bottom plug 15 is in interference fit with the lock body 10, so that the limiting piece 44 is fixed in the accommodating cavity of the lock body 10.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the code assembly 40 further includes a first reset element 423 and a second reset element 432, wherein the first reset element 423 is disposed between the code disc rotation shaft 42 and the lock body 10, and the second reset element 432 is disposed between the transmission rod 43 and the lock body 10.
In this embodiment, the first reset piece 423 and the second reset piece 432 respectively realize the reset of the code disc rotating shaft 42 and the transmission rod 43, and in the process of changing the code, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 pushes the code disc rotating shaft 42 and the transmission rod 43 to retreat, after the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 returns, the limit on the transmission rod 43 and the code disc rotating shaft 42 is released, and at this time, the first reset piece 423 and the second reset piece 432 respectively realize the reset of the code disc rotating shaft 42 and the transmission rod 43.
Referring to fig. 1 and 9, the lock further includes a locking member 50 connected to the lock core 31, where the locking member 50 has a first position for locking the lock hook 20 and a second position for unlocking the lock hook 20, and the lock core rotating shaft 32 drives the locking member 50 to move between the first position and the second position to unlock or lock the lock hook 20, the locking member 50 is provided with a boss 51, the lock core rotating shaft 32 is provided with a clamping table 324, and when the lock hook 20 is located at the locking position, the boss 51 cooperates with the clamping table 324 to limit rotation of the lock core rotating shaft 32; when the shackle 20 is in the unlocked position, the boss 51 is disengaged from the catch 324 to allow rotation of the lock cylinder spindle 32.
In this embodiment, when the latch hook 20 is at the latch position, the boss 51 of the latch 50 is matched with the catch 324 of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32, the boss 51 of the latch 50 can block the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 from rotating anticlockwise, so that the lock cylinder 31 cannot rotate to change the code, and at this time, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 can only rotate in the other direction (the unlocking direction), as shown in fig. 10. After the lock is unlocked (when the lock hook 20 extends), the locking piece 50 is pushed by the lock hook 20 to move backwards, the boss 51 on the side edge of the locking piece 50 is separated from the clamping table 324 of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 rotates in a bidirectional rotating mode, namely, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 can rotate in the unlocking direction and the password changing direction, and at the moment, the lock cylinder 31 can rotate to change the password, and the special figure 11 is seen. In short, when the password is wrong, the password cannot be changed due to the limit fit between the locking piece 50 and the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32, and only when the password is correct, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 can be rotated, so that the password can be changed, and the operation ambiguity is avoided.
Referring to fig. 11, the locking member 50 is provided with a positioning slot 52, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is provided with a boss 51 cooperating with the positioning slot 52 to drive the locking member 50 to move between the first position and the second position, and the positioning slot 52 is provided with a boss 51.
In this embodiment, the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 and the locking member 50 are vertically disposed, and one end of the locking rotating shaft extends into the positioning slot 52 of the locking member 50, so as to drive the locking member 50 to move along the axial direction thereof, thereby unlocking or locking the lock hook 20. Specifically, the lock core rotating shaft 32 includes a body, one end of the body is provided with an unlocking portion 321, a locking portion 322 and a password modifying portion 323, the other end is convexly provided with an eccentric shaft 325, a clamping table 324 is arranged on the eccentric shaft 325, the boss 51 is arranged in the positioning groove 52, and the lock core 31 drives the eccentric shaft 325 to rotate, so that the locking piece 50 stretches out and draws back.
Referring to fig. 1, the lock further includes an elastic member 53, where one end of the locking member 50 is engaged with the locking hook 20, and the elastic member 53 is sandwiched between the other end of the locking member 50 and the lock body 10.
In the present embodiment, since the elastic member 53 is provided, even if the code wheel 41 is positioned at the wrong position, the latch hook 20 is pressed against the latch hook 20, and the latch hook 20 is pressed against the elastic member 53 by the latch member 50, so that the latch hook 20 can be latched, and the operation is convenient.
The following specifically describes the principles of operation of the lock 100:
and (3) unlocking: when the code disc 41 is rotated, the code disc 41 drives the code disc rotating shaft 42 to rotate together, when the code disc rotates to a correct position, a limiting block 431 on the transmission rod 43 is aligned with a slot 421 of the code disc rotating shaft 42, the key rotates the lock cylinder 31, so that an unlocking part 321 of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is abutted with the transmission rod 43, the transmission rod 43 is pushed to axially move in the rotating process of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32, the locking piece 50 is extruded to retreat, the locking piece 50 is separated from the lock hook 20, and the lock hook 20 pops up to realize unlocking. It should be noted that, in the axial movement process of the transmission rod 43, the transmission rod 43 is not in contact with the code disc rotation shaft 42 in the axial direction, so that the code disc rotation shaft 42 is not driven to move. When the password is wrong, the limiting block 431 of the transmission rod 43 is misplaced with the slot 421 of the password disc rotating shaft 42, the clamping protrusion 422 of the password disc rotating shaft 42 is misplaced with the position of the avoidance slot 11 of the lock body 10, the lock cylinder 31 is rotated at this time, the transmission rod 43 and the password disc rotating shaft 42 cannot move backwards, and the lock cannot be unlocked.
Locking process: after the lock 100 is unlocked, the key is rotated to the initial position to pull out the key, and after the lock hook 20 is pressed down, the locking piece 50 moves rightwards under the action of the elastic piece 53, the locking piece 50 enters the groove of the lock hook 20, and the lock is locked.
The password changing process comprises the following steps: when the code disc 41 is at the correct code position, the key rotates the lock cylinder 31, the lock cylinder 31 drives the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 to rotate, in the process that the code changing position of the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 is abutted to the transmission rod 43, the transmission rod 43 axially moves to axially contact the code disc rotating shaft 42 and pushes the code disc rotating shaft 42 to move backwards, at the moment, the clamping protrusion 422 of the code disc 41 is separated from the clamping slot 411 of the code disc rotating shaft 42, the code disc 41 rotates and cannot drive the code disc rotating shaft 42 to rotate, at the moment, after the code is rotated to the new code which is wanted to be changed, the key is rotated and pulled out, the lock cylinder 31 drives the lock cylinder rotating shaft 32 to return to the initial position, the transmission rod 43 and the code disc rotating shaft 42 move forwards under the action of the spring 441 and the first reset piece 423 of the transmission rod 43, the clamping protrusion 422 of the code disc rotating shaft 42 reenters the clamping slot 411 of the code disc 41, and the code changing is successful.
The foregoing description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present application and is not intended to limit the scope of the application, and all equivalent structural changes made by the description of the present application and the accompanying drawings or direct/indirect application in other related technical fields are included in the scope of the application.

Claims (13)

1. A lock with dual lock of a combination and a lock cylinder, comprising:
a lock body;
the lock hook is movably arranged on the lock body and is provided with a locking position and an unlocking position;
the lock core assembly comprises a lock core rotatably arranged in the lock body and is matched with the lock hook to unlock or lock the lock hook, so that the lock hook is switched between a locking position and an unlocking position;
the password assembly is rotatably arranged on the lock body, so that the password assembly can lock or release the lock cylinder, and when the password assembly releases the lock cylinder, the lock cylinder is rotated to unlock the lock hook; when the password component locks the lock cylinder, the lock cylinder is rotated, and the lock cylinder is fixed, so that the lock hook is positioned at the locking position.
2. The lockset of claim 1 wherein said code assembly comprises a code disc spindle and a code disc rotatably mounted on said code disc spindle, said code disc driving said code disc spindle to rotate,
the password disc rotating shaft is released or blocked, so that the lock cylinder is unlocked or locked, when the position of the password disc is correct, the password disc rotating shaft is released, and the password disc rotating shaft can move relative to the password disc to unlock the lock cylinder.
3. The lock of claim 2, wherein the code assembly further comprises a limiting member, a limiting groove is formed in the periphery of the code disc, and two ends of the limiting member are abutted to the limiting groove and the lock body.
4. The lock according to claim 2, wherein the code disc rotating shaft is provided with a clamping protrusion, the code disc is provided with a clamping groove corresponding to the clamping protrusion, the code disc drives the code disc rotating shaft to rotate through the cooperation of the clamping protrusion and the clamping groove, the lock body is provided with a clearance groove corresponding to the clamping protrusion, and when the code disc is in a correct position, the clearance groove is aligned with the clamping protrusion so as to release the code disc rotating shaft.
5. The lock of claim 2, wherein the lock cylinder assembly comprises a lock cylinder rotating shaft in driving connection with the lock cylinder, an unlocking part and a locking part are arranged on the lock cylinder rotating shaft, when the position of the code wheel is correct, the lock cylinder drives the lock cylinder rotating shaft to rotate, the lock cylinder rotating shaft is switched from the locking part to the code wheel rotating shaft in abutting connection with the unlocking part to the code wheel rotating shaft in abutting connection with the code wheel rotating shaft, the code wheel rotating shaft is pushed to move, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft releases the lock hook.
6. The lock of claim 5, wherein the code assembly further comprises a transmission rod, the code disc rotating shaft is sleeved on the transmission rod, the code disc and the code disc rotating shaft can rotate relative to the transmission rod, the lock cylinder rotating shaft is further provided with a code changing part, when the code disc is positioned at a correct position, the lock cylinder rotating shaft drives the lock cylinder rotating shaft to rotate, and the lock cylinder rotating shaft is switched from the abutting connection of the unlocking lock part and the transmission rod to the abutting connection of the code changing part and the transmission rod so as to drive the transmission rod and the code disc rotating shaft to axially move.
7. The lock according to claim 6, wherein the modifying code portion is provided on a periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft, a first groove and a second groove are further provided on the periphery of the lock cylinder rotating shaft to form the unlocking portion and the locking portion, respectively, and a depth of the first groove is smaller than a depth of the second groove.
8. The lock according to claim 7, wherein the transmission rod is provided with a limiting block in a protruding manner, the inner side wall of the code disc rotating shaft is provided with a slot corresponding to the limiting block, the slot extends along the axial direction of the code disc rotating shaft, the depth of the first groove is larger than that of the slot, when the code disc is in a correct position, the limiting block is aligned with the slot, when the unlocking position is abutted with the transmission rod, the lock cylinder rotating shaft pushes the transmission rod to move, when the unlocking position is abutted with the transmission rod, the limiting block is abutted with the slot, and the transmission rod drives the code disc rotating shaft to move synchronously.
9. The lock of claim 8, wherein the lock body is provided with a mounting groove, the code disc is arranged in the mounting groove, the lock body is further provided with a sliding groove vertically communicated with the mounting groove, and the transmission rod and the rotating shaft of the code disc are movably arranged in the sliding groove in a penetrating manner.
10. The lock of claim 8, wherein the code assembly further comprises a first reset member and a second reset member, the first reset member being disposed between the code wheel spindle and the lock body, the second reset member being disposed between the drive rod and the lock body.
11. The lock according to any one of claims 5 to 10, further comprising a latch member connected to the lock cylinder, the latch member having a first position to latch the lock hook and a second position to unlatch the lock hook, the lock cylinder spindle driving the latch member to move between the first and second positions to unlatch or latch the lock hook, the latch member being provided with a boss, the lock cylinder spindle being provided with a catch, the boss cooperating with the catch to limit rotation of the lock cylinder spindle when the lock hook is in the latched position; when the lock hook is positioned at the unlocking position, the boss is separated from the clamping table so as to allow the lock cylinder rotating shaft to rotate.
12. The lock of claim 11, wherein the locking member defines a detent, the lock cylinder spindle defines a detent engaging the detent to move the locking member between the first position and the second position, and the detent defines the boss.
13. The lock of claim 12, further comprising an elastic member, wherein one end of the locking member engages the shackle, and wherein the elastic member is sandwiched between the other end of the locking member and the lock body.
CN202310811793.4A 2023-07-03 2023-07-03 Lock with cipher and lock core double locking Pending CN116927595A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310811793.4A CN116927595A (en) 2023-07-03 2023-07-03 Lock with cipher and lock core double locking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310811793.4A CN116927595A (en) 2023-07-03 2023-07-03 Lock with cipher and lock core double locking

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN116927595A true CN116927595A (en) 2023-10-24

Family

ID=88376616

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310811793.4A Pending CN116927595A (en) 2023-07-03 2023-07-03 Lock with cipher and lock core double locking

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN116927595A (en)

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