CN116633259B - Solar photovoltaic power generation device - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116633259B
CN116633259B CN202310889278.8A CN202310889278A CN116633259B CN 116633259 B CN116633259 B CN 116633259B CN 202310889278 A CN202310889278 A CN 202310889278A CN 116633259 B CN116633259 B CN 116633259B
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China
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fixedly connected
water
photovoltaic
power generation
top end
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CN116633259A (en
Inventor
徐建秋
董建高
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Jiangsu Jingdao New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Jingdao New Energy Technology Co ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • H02S40/42Cooling means
    • H02S40/425Cooling means using a gaseous or a liquid coolant, e.g. air flow ventilation, water circulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, in particular to a solar photovoltaic power generation device, which comprises a photovoltaic seat; a placing rack is fixedly connected to the top end of the photovoltaic seat; a photovoltaic panel is arranged at the top end of the placing frame; the side part of the placing frame is fixedly connected with a fixing plate, and the section shape of the fixing plate is L-shaped; a sliding groove is vertically formed in the top end of the fixed plate, and an electric sliding block is connected in the sliding groove in a sliding manner; through the electric slider that sets up sliding on the fixed plate, drive the scraper blade on the carriage and scrape the photovoltaic board surface, reduce the impurity on photovoltaic board surface and adhere to, improve the energy-absorbing effect of photovoltaic board, utilize gush water to direct current shower nozzle department injection in the water pipe, play the effect of cleaning and radiating to photovoltaic board surface, rely on the cotton sponge cooperation of absorbing water of hard bubble, can improve the clear degree of photovoltaic board surface, utilize the stopper ball to be pulled the shutoff board, play the effect to the cotton inner overflow water control of hard bubble, utilize water catch bowl and water tank to collect the rainwater, the follow-up cyclic utilization of being convenient for.

Description

Solar photovoltaic power generation device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, and particularly relates to a solar photovoltaic power generation device.
Background
The solar photovoltaic power generation is a power generation device which converts solar light floating energy into electric energy by means of the photovoltaic effect of a solar cell semiconductor material, and a key element of the solar photovoltaic power generation device is a solar cell.
The solar photovoltaic power generation device consists of a solar battery assembly, a storage battery pack, a charge-discharge controller, an inverter, an alternating current power distribution cabinet and other devices, and can absorb and store endless sunlight and finally serve as electric energy.
When the solar photovoltaic power generation device is used for energy storage, the existing solar photovoltaic power generation device is exposed outdoors for a long time, so that a large amount of impurities are easily attached to the surface of the solar photovoltaic power generation device, the energy absorption effect of the solar photovoltaic power generation device is reduced, and the condition that the energy absorption amount is small due to overheat operation of the solar photovoltaic power generation device is easily caused.
To this end, the invention provides a solar photovoltaic power generation device.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, at least one technical problem presented in the background art is solved.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a solar photovoltaic power generation device, which comprises a photovoltaic seat; a placing rack is fixedly connected to the top end of the photovoltaic seat; a photovoltaic panel is arranged at the top end of the placing frame; the side part of the placing frame is fixedly connected with a fixing plate, and the section shape of the fixing plate is L-shaped; a sliding groove is vertically formed in the top end of the fixed plate, and an electric sliding block is connected in the sliding groove in a sliding manner; the outside of the electric sliding block is fixedly connected with a sliding frame; the scraper is fixedly connected to the outside of the sliding frame, and the scraper blade is fixedly connected to the front end of the scraper; the sliding frame is provided with a flushing assembly, and the flushing assembly is used for cleaning the surface of the photovoltaic panel.
Preferably, the flushing assembly comprises a first water pipe, a circulating groove and a direct-current spray head; the first water pipe is fixedly connected to the outside of the sliding frame; the circulating groove is formed in the scraper; the direct current spray head is arranged outside the scraping plate and is communicated with the first water pipe through the circulating groove and the sliding frame; the collecting groove is formed in the scraper.
Preferably, one side of the sliding frame far away from the scraping plate is fixedly connected with hard foam; a water absorbing sponge is fixedly connected in the hard foam cotton, and the water absorbing sponge is communicated with the circulation groove; the bottom end of the water absorbing sponge is fixedly connected with a plurality of fur.
Preferably, a plugging plate is fixedly connected in the hard foam, and an overflow hole is formed in the middle of the plugging plate; a plurality of elastic pull ropes are fixedly connected to the outer part of the plugging plate; and one end of the elastic pull ropes, which is far away from the plugging plate, is fixedly connected with a plugging ball, and the plugging ball can plug the overflow hole of the plugging plate.
Preferably, the top end of the fixed plate is transversely provided with a water collecting tank; a baffle is fixedly connected to the top end of the fixed plate, which is close to the water collecting tank; the bottom end of the fixing plate is fixedly connected with a water tank which is communicated with the water collecting tank.
Preferably, the top end of the photovoltaic seat is fixedly connected with a fan; a plurality of guide plates are arranged in the fan; the bottom end of the photovoltaic panel is fixedly connected with a plurality of radiating fins; the plurality of radiating fins are sequentially arranged from short to long, and the surfaces of the radiating fins are provided with flow holes.
Preferably, a water pump is arranged in the water tank; a second water pipe is fixedly connected to the outside of the water tank, and one end of the second water pipe is connected with the output end of the water pump; an atomizer is fixedly connected to the middle part of the fan, and the atomizer is connected with the other end of the second water pipe; the spout of atomizer sets up from top to bottom respectively, and one end that the carriage was kept away from to water pipe No. one communicates with the atomizer.
Preferably, the ice box is fixedly connected in the water tank; the interior of the ice box is fixedly connected with a metal rod.
Preferably, a first filter screen is fixedly connected in the water tank; the top end of the first filter screen is fixedly connected with a bump, and a plurality of bumps are arranged; a precipitation box is fixedly connected inside the water tank; the inside rigid coupling of water tank has No. two filter screens, and No. two filter screens are located the top of sedimentation box.
Preferably, the bottom ends of the plurality of radiating fins are fixedly connected with bent rods, and the bent rods are provided with a plurality of bent rods; the bottom ends of the bending rods are fixedly connected with striking balls.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. according to the solar photovoltaic power generation device, the electric sliding block is arranged to slide on the fixed plate, the scraping plate on the sliding frame is driven to scrape the surface of the photovoltaic plate, the impurity adhesion on the surface of the photovoltaic plate is reduced, the energy absorption effect of the photovoltaic plate is improved, water is sprayed to the position of the direct-current spray head in the first water pipe to play roles in cleaning and radiating the surface of the photovoltaic plate, the cleaning degree of the surface of the photovoltaic plate can be improved by means of the cooperation of the hard foam and the water absorption sponge, the plugging plate is pulled by the plugging ball, the effect of controlling the overflow of water in the hard foam is achieved, and rainwater is collected by the water collecting tank, so that the solar photovoltaic power generation device is convenient for subsequent recycling.
2. According to the solar photovoltaic power generation device, the fan is arranged to blow the air to the plurality of radiating fins, so that the photovoltaic panel can rapidly radiate heat, a water source is pumped to the atomizer by the water pump to spray up and down, the radiating effect of the photovoltaic panel can be improved, crushed ice is stored in the ice box, the water temperature can be reduced by using the metal rod to be deeply immersed in water, finally, rainwater is filtered by using the first filter screen, the rainwater is precipitated, and the recycling effect of the rainwater is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a rack according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a blower in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view of the screed according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view at A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a heat sink according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a partial structural sectional view of the water tank of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a striking ball according to a second embodiment of the invention.
In the figure: 1. a photovoltaic seat; 11. a placing rack; 12. a photovoltaic panel; 13. a fixing plate; 14. an electric slide block; 15. a carriage; 16. a scraper; 2. a first water pipe; 21. a flow channel; 22. a DC nozzle; 23. a collection tank; 3. a hard foam; 31. a water absorbing sponge; 4. a plugging plate; 41. an elastic pull rope; 42. a blocking ball; 5. a water collection tank; 51. a baffle; 52. a water tank; 6. a blower; 61. a deflector; 62. a heat sink; 7. a water pump; 71. a second water pipe; 72. an atomizer; 8. an ice bin; 81. a metal rod; 9. a first filter screen; 91. a bump; 92. a precipitation box; 93. a second filter screen; 94. bending a rod; 95. striking the ball.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described in connection with the following detailed description in order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement of the purpose and the effect of the invention easy to understand.
Embodiment one: as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the solar photovoltaic power generation device according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a photovoltaic base 1; a placing frame 11 is fixedly connected to the top end of the photovoltaic seat 1; a photovoltaic panel 12 is mounted on the top end of the rack 11; a fixing plate 13 is fixedly connected to the side part of the placing frame 11, and the section of the fixing plate 13 is L-shaped; a sliding groove is vertically formed in the top end of the fixed plate 13, and an electric sliding block 14 is connected in the sliding groove in a sliding manner; the outside of the electric slide block 14 is fixedly connected with a slide frame 15; a scraper 16 is fixedly connected to the outside of the sliding frame 15, and a scraper knife is fixedly connected to the front end of the scraper 16; a flushing assembly is arranged on the sliding frame 15 and is used for cleaning the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12; when the solar photovoltaic power generation device is used for energy storage, the existing solar photovoltaic power generation device is exposed outdoors for a long time, so that a large amount of impurities are easily attached to the surface of the solar photovoltaic power generation device, the energy absorption effect of the solar photovoltaic power generation device is reduced, and the situation that the energy absorption amount is small due to overheat of the solar photovoltaic power generation device is easily caused, therefore, the photovoltaic panel 12 is installed inside the top end of the placing frame 11 and supported and installed by the photovoltaic seat 1, when a large amount of impurities are attached to the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, the electric sliding block 14 is electrified to slide at the fixing plate 13 vertically arranged at the sliding groove and drives the scraping plate 16 on the sliding frame 15 to slide on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, the scraper knife at the front end of the scraping plate 16 scrapes the impurities on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, and the flushing assembly flushes the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, so that the impurity attachment on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is reduced, and the energy absorption effect and the energy absorption amount of the photovoltaic panel 12 are improved.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the flushing assembly includes a water pipe No. 2, a flow-through tank 21, and a dc nozzle 22; the first water pipe 2 is fixedly connected to the outside of the sliding frame 15; the flow channel 21 is formed in the scraper 16; the DC spray head 22 is arranged outside the scraping plate 16, and the DC spray head 22 is communicated with the first water pipe 2 through the circulation groove 21 and the sliding frame 15; a collecting groove 23 is formed in the scraper 16; when the surface cleaning of photovoltaic board 12, utilize the external water source of water pipe 2 No. one, introduce the inside of water pipe 2 No. one with the water source, thereby flow to circulation groove 21 department through carriage 15, finally spray the front end at scraper blade 16 spiller by direct current nozzle 22, play the effect of washing the surface of photovoltaic board 12, and soften the adhesion of intractable impurity, cooperation scraper blade 16's spiller is scraped and is swept, improve the cleaning performance to photovoltaic board 12 surface impurity, simultaneously when scraper blade 16 spiller spills impurity, partial impurity can get into collecting vat 23 department and collect, play the effect to impurity collection.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 4 and 5, a hard foam 3 is fixedly connected to one side of the sliding frame 15 away from the scraping plate 16; a water absorbing sponge 31 is fixedly connected in the hard foam 3, and the water absorbing sponge 31 is communicated with the circulation groove 21; a plurality of fur are fixedly connected at the bottom end of the water absorbing sponge 31; when the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is washed, water flowing in the first water pipe 2 can enter the hard foam 3 at the same time, and part of water source is absorbed by the water absorbing sponge 31, and overflows along a plurality of soft hairs, and in the process that the scraping plate 16 scrapes the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, the hard foam 3 can be matched with the soft hairs of the water absorbing sponge 31, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is cleaned and wiped by the water source, so that the impurity adhesion on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is reduced.
A plugging plate 4 is fixedly connected in the hard foam 3, and an overflow hole is formed in the middle of the plugging plate 4; a plurality of elastic pull ropes 41 are fixedly connected to the outer part of the plugging plate 4; a blocking ball 42 is fixedly connected to one end of the elastic pull ropes 41, which is far away from the plugging plate 4, and the blocking ball 42 can block overflow holes of the plugging plate 4; when water at the first water pipe 2 is flushed into the hard foam 3, the blocking plate 4 is fixed in the hard foam 3 to block part of water, when excessive pressure is accumulated in the water at the circulation groove 21, part of water presses the blocking ball 42 and opens the overflow hole of the blocking plate 4, the plurality of elastic pull ropes 41 drag and bear force, part of water overflows from the gap of the blocking ball 42 to the water absorbing sponge 31, the effect of controlling the overflowed water amount at the water absorbing sponge 31 is achieved, and the water passing speed is reduced.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 7, the top end of the fixing plate 13 is transversely provided with a water collecting tank 5; a baffle plate 51 is fixedly connected to the top end of the fixed plate 13, which is close to the water collecting tank 5; the bottom end of the fixed plate 13 is fixedly connected with a water tank 52, and the water tank 52 is communicated with the water collecting tank 5; when rainy day, the rain wash is in the surface of photovoltaic board 12, the spout of fixed plate 13 is in the intercommunication state with water catch bowl 5 and water tank 52, partial rainwater is in the spout of fixed plate 13 along potential flow to and the water catch bowl 5 department of seting up, baffle 51 can shelter from partial rainwater, make the rainwater can get into water catch bowl 5 departments and collect, the rainwater that finally collects falls into the inside of water tank 52, play the effect to rainwater collection, simultaneously on sunny day, can use the rainwater washing photovoltaic board 12 of collecting, the partial rainwater after the washing also can fall into water tank 52 inner loop in the situation and use, play the effect to rainwater recycle.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3 and 6, a fan 6 is fixedly connected to the top end of the photovoltaic base 1; a plurality of guide plates 61 are installed inside the fan 6; the bottom end of the photovoltaic panel 12 is fixedly connected with a plurality of cooling fins 62, and the cooling fins 62 are arranged; the plurality of cooling fins 62 are arranged in sequence from short to long, and the surface of the cooling fin 62 is provided with a flow hole; when the weather is hot, the current photovoltaic panel 12 mostly blows heat dissipation by natural wind, and when the working temperature of the photovoltaic panel 12 is high, the generated energy of the photovoltaic panel 12 is lower, meanwhile, the local temperature of the solar panel is too high, hot spots are easy to generate, the fan 6 is arranged on the side part of the photovoltaic panel 12, when the temperature is too high, the fan 6 generates wind power with low power, the direction of the wind blowing is automatically regulated by matching with the plurality of groups of guide plates 61, the wind is blown to the plurality of groups of cooling fins 62, the cooling fins 62 are arranged at the bottom end of the placing frame 11 for a long time for shading, and the long time of wind blowing is matched, so that the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cooled quickly, the generated energy of the photovoltaic panel 12 is improved, the plurality of photovoltaic panels 12 can be orderly arranged and installed with one fan 6, the plurality of cooling fins 62 are sequentially exposed to wind in sequence from short time, the ventilation holes on the cooling fins 62 are used for fast ventilation, the plurality of photovoltaic panels 12 can be utilized, meanwhile, the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cleaned by the direct current spray heads 22 and the water-absorbing sponge 31, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cleaned by water, and finally the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cooled by the cooling effect of the photovoltaic panel 12, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel is cleaned by the surface by the cooling effect of the 3.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3 and 7, a water pump 7 is installed inside the water tank 52; a second water pipe 71 is fixedly connected to the outside of the water tank 52, and one end of the second water pipe 71 is connected with the output end of the water pump 7; an atomizer 72 is fixedly connected to the middle part of the fan 6, and the atomizer 72 is connected with the other end of the second water pipe 71; the nozzle of the atomizer 72 is respectively arranged up and down, and one end of the first water pipe 2 far away from the sliding frame 15 is communicated with the atomizer 72; when a large amount of water is added or fully stored in the water tank 52 to dissipate heat of the photovoltaic panel 12, the water pump 7 pumps the water in the water tank 52, the water is conveyed to the atomizer 72 through the second water pipe 71, the atomizer 72 sprays water mist up and down, the fan 6 blows the water mist to blow the water mist to the plurality of groups of radiating fins 62, the effect of rapidly dissipating heat of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be achieved along with volatilization of the water mist, the surface of the radiating fins 62 can be cleaned by the water mist, adhesion of impurities on the surface of the radiating fins 62 is reduced, part of the water mist can blow down to the bottom end of the placing rack 11, the lower part of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be kept in a moist and cool state for a long time, the heat dissipation of the photovoltaic panel 12 is facilitated, and part of the water pumped to the atomizer 72 can be conveyed to the sliding rack 15 through the first water pipe 2, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cleaned and dissipated when the sliding rack 15 slides, and the radiating effect of the photovoltaic panel 12 is improved.
An ice box 8 is fixedly connected in the water tank 52; a metal rod 81 is fixedly connected in the ice box 8; when the photovoltaic panel 12 dissipates heat in hot days, crushed ice can be placed in the ice box 8, the crushed ice can wrap the metal rod 81, the metal rod 81 conducts cold air of the crushed ice into water in the water tank 52, the water becomes cool, and finally, the effect of cooling the water in the water tank 52 is achieved through extraction, spraying and jetting.
A first filter screen 9 is fixedly connected in the water tank 52; the top end of the first filter screen 9 is fixedly connected with a convex block 91, and a plurality of convex blocks 91 are arranged; a sedimentation box 92 is fixedly connected in the water tank 52; a second filter screen 93 is fixedly connected in the water tank 52, and the second filter screen 93 is positioned above the sedimentation box 92; when the rainwater is collected in the water tank 52, because the rainwater is easy to mix with impurities, the first filter screen 9 is utilized to filter the rainwater, the convex block 91 can filter the impurities to support the tilting, so that the situation that the impurities block the holes of the first filter screen 9 is reduced, the precipitation box 92 collects the filtered rainwater to be precipitated, the second filter screen 93 is fixed above the precipitation box 92 to support the water pump 7, and the situation that the water pump 7 extracts turbid rainwater is reduced.
Embodiment two: as shown in fig. 8, in comparative example one, another embodiment of the present invention is: a plurality of bending rods 94 are fixedly connected to the bottom ends of the plurality of radiating fins 62, and the bending rods 94 are provided with a plurality of bending rods; the bottom ends of the bending rods 94 are fixedly connected with knocking balls 95; when the fan 6 blows to the plurality of radiating fins 62, wind force can blow the bent rod 94 to bend, and along with the change of wind force, the striking ball 95 can be continuously driven to strike the radiating fins 62, the effect of cleaning impurities on the surface of the radiating fins 62 by the striking ball is achieved, and the heat dissipation effect of the conduction of the radiating fins 62 is improved.
During working, when a solar photovoltaic power generation device is used for energy storage, a photovoltaic panel 12 is installed inside the top end of a placing frame 11 and supported and installed by a photovoltaic seat 1, when a large amount of impurities are attached to the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, an electric sliding block 14 is electrified and slides at a vertical position of a sliding groove of a fixed plate 13 and drives a scraping plate 16 on a sliding frame 15 to be attached to the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 to slide, a scraper knife at the front end of the scraping plate 16 scrapes impurities on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, and a flushing component flushes the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, so that the adhesion of impurities on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is reduced, and the energy absorption effect and the electric energy collection amount of the photovoltaic panel 12 are improved; the first water pipe 2 is externally connected with a water source, the water source is led into the first water pipe 2, and then flows to the circulation groove 21 through the sliding frame 15, and finally is sprayed at the front end of the scraper blade 16 by the direct current spray head 22, so that the effect of flushing the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is achieved, the adhesion of stubborn impurities is softened, the scraper blade 16 is matched with the scraping of the scraper blade, the cleaning effect of the impurities on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is improved, and meanwhile, when the scraper blade 16 is used for scraping the impurities, part of impurities can enter the collecting groove 23 for collection, and the effect of collecting the impurities is achieved; water rushing in the first water pipe 2 can enter the hard foam 3 at the same time, part of water sources are absorbed by the water absorbing sponge 31 and overflow along a plurality of soft hairs, the hard foam 3 can be matched with the soft hairs of the water absorbing sponge 31 in the process of scraping the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 by the scraping plate 16, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is cleaned and wiped by the water sources, so that the adhesion of impurities on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is reduced; when water at the first water pipe 2 is flushed into the hard foam 3, the blocking plate 4 is fixed in the hard foam 3 to block part of water, when excessive pressure is accumulated in the water at the circulation groove 21, part of water presses the blocking ball 42 and opens the overflow hole of the blocking plate 4, the plurality of elastic pull ropes 41 are pulled and stressed, part of water overflows from the gap of the blocking ball 42 to the water absorbing sponge 31 to control the amount of water overflowed from the water absorbing sponge 31, and the water passing speed is reduced;
when in rainy days, the rainwater is flushed on the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, the sliding groove of the fixed plate 13, the water collecting groove 5 and the water tank 52 are in a communication state, part of rainwater flows into the sliding groove of the fixed plate 13 and the opened water collecting groove 5, the baffle plate 51 can shield part of rainwater, so that the rainwater can enter the water collecting groove 5 to be collected, finally the collected rainwater falls into the water tank 52 to achieve the effect of collecting the rainwater, meanwhile, the collected rainwater can be used for cleaning the photovoltaic panel 12 in sunny days, and part of the cleaned rainwater can fall into the water tank 52 for recycling, so that the effect of recycling the rainwater is achieved;
when rainwater is collected in the water tank 52, impurities are easy to mix in the rainwater, the first filter screen 9 is utilized to filter the rainwater, the convex blocks 91 can filter the impurities to support and tilt, so that the situation that the holes of the first filter screen 9 are blocked by the impurities is reduced, the precipitation box 92 collects and precipitates the filtered rainwater, the second filter screen 93 is fixed above the precipitation box 92 to support the water pump 7, and the situation that the water pump 7 extracts turbid rainwater is reduced;
when the weather is hot, the current photovoltaic panel 12 mostly blows and dissipates heat by natural wind, when the working temperature of the photovoltaic panel 12 is high, the generated energy of the photovoltaic panel 12 is lower, meanwhile, the local temperature of the solar panel is too high, hot spots are easy to generate, the fan 6 is arranged on the side part of the photovoltaic panel 12, when the temperature is too high, the fan 6 generates wind power with low power, the direction of the wind blowing is automatically regulated by matching with a plurality of groups of guide plates 61, the wind blowing is carried out at a plurality of groups of cooling fins 62, the cooling fins 62 are arranged at the bottom end of the placing frame 11 for a long time for shading, and the long time of wind blowing is matched, so that the photovoltaic panel 12 can be rapidly cooled, the generated energy of the photovoltaic panel 12 is improved, the plurality of photovoltaic panels 12 can be orderly arranged and provided with a fan 6, the plurality of cooling fins 62 are sequentially arranged from short to long, the whole wind is easy to generate hot spots, the air on the cooling fins 62 can be used for fast circulation, the plurality of photovoltaic panels 12 can be dissipated by using one fan 6, meanwhile, the direct current spray heads 22 and the water-absorbing sponge 31 can simultaneously carry out water to clean the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12, and finally the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cooled by the cooling effect of the photovoltaic panel 12, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 is cleaned by 3, and the surface of the photovoltaic panel is cleaned by the surface by the hard foam, and the surface is 3; when the fan 6 blows to the plurality of radiating fins 62, wind force can blow the bent rod 94 to bend, and along with the change of wind force, the striking ball 95 can be continuously driven to strike the radiating fins 62, so that the effect of cleaning impurities on the surface of the radiating fins 62 by the striking ball is achieved, and the heat dissipation effect of the conduction of the radiating fins 62 is improved; the water pump 7 pumps water in the water tank 52, the water is conveyed to the atomizer 72 through the second water pipe 71, the atomizer 72 sprays water mist up and down, the fan 6 blows the water mist to blow the water mist to the plurality of radiating fins 62, the effect of rapidly radiating the photovoltaic panel 12 can be achieved along with volatilization of the water mist, the water mist can clean the surfaces of the radiating fins 62, adhesion of impurities on the surfaces of the radiating fins 62 is reduced, part of the water mist can blow down to the bottom end of the placing frame 11, the lower part of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be kept in a moist and shady state for a long time, heat radiation of the photovoltaic panel 12 is facilitated, part of the water pumped to the atomizer 72 can be conveyed to the sliding frame 15 through the first water pipe 2, the surface of the photovoltaic panel 12 can be cleaned and radiated when the sliding frame 15 slides, and the radiating effect of the photovoltaic panel 12 is improved;
when the photovoltaic panel 12 dissipates heat in hot days, crushed ice can be placed in the ice box 8, the crushed ice can wrap the metal rod 81, the metal rod 81 conducts cold air of the crushed ice into water in the water tank 52, the water becomes cool, and finally, the effect of cooling the water in the water tank 52 is achieved through extraction, spraying and jetting.
The foregoing has shown and described the basic principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and that the above embodiments and descriptions are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is defined in the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. A solar photovoltaic power generation device, characterized in that: comprises a photovoltaic seat (1); a placing frame (11) is fixedly connected to the top end of the photovoltaic seat (1); the top end of the placement frame (11) is provided with a photovoltaic panel (12); a fixing plate (13) is fixedly connected to the side part of the placement frame (11), and the section shape of the fixing plate (13) is L-shaped; a sliding groove is vertically formed in the top end of the fixed plate (13), and an electric sliding block (14) is connected in the sliding groove in a sliding manner; a sliding frame (15) is fixedly connected to the outer part of the electric sliding block (14); a scraper (16) is fixedly connected to the outside of the sliding frame (15), and a scraper knife is fixedly connected to the front end of the scraper (16); the sliding frame (15) is provided with a flushing assembly which is used for cleaning the surface of the photovoltaic panel (12);
the flushing assembly comprises a first water pipe (2), a circulating groove (21) and a direct-current spray head (22); the first water pipe (2) is fixedly connected to the outside of the sliding frame (15); the circulating groove (21) is formed in the scraper (16); the direct current spray head (22) is arranged outside the scraping plate (16), and the direct current spray head (22) is communicated with the first water pipe (2) through the circulating groove (21) and the sliding frame (15); a collecting groove (23) is formed in the scraper (16);
a hard foam (3) is fixedly connected to one side of the sliding frame (15) far away from the scraping plate (16); the inside of the hard foam (3) is fixedly connected with a water absorbing sponge (31), and the water absorbing sponge (31) is communicated with the circulation groove (21); the bottom end of the water absorbing sponge (31) is fixedly connected with a plurality of fur;
a plugging plate (4) is fixedly connected in the hard foam (3), and an overflow hole is formed in the middle of the plugging plate (4); a plurality of elastic pull ropes (41) are fixedly connected to the outer part of the plugging plate (4); and one end, far away from the plugging plate (4), of the elastic pull ropes (41) is fixedly connected with a plugging ball (42), and the plugging ball (42) can plug overflow holes of the plugging plate (4).
2. A solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a water collecting tank (5) is transversely arranged at the top end of the fixed plate (13); a baffle plate (51) is fixedly connected to the top end of the fixed plate (13) close to the water collecting tank (5); the bottom end of the fixing plate (13) is fixedly connected with a water tank (52), and the water tank (52) is communicated with the water collecting tank (5).
3. A solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: a fan (6) is fixedly connected to the top end of the photovoltaic seat (1); a plurality of guide plates (61) are arranged in the fan (6); the bottom end of the photovoltaic panel (12) is fixedly connected with a radiating fin (62), and a plurality of radiating fins (62) are arranged; the plurality of radiating fins (62) are arranged in sequence from short to long, and the surface of the radiating fin (62) is provided with a flow hole.
4. A solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: a water pump (7) is arranged in the water tank (52); a second water pipe (71) is fixedly connected to the outside of the water tank (52), and one end of the second water pipe (71) is connected with the output end of the water pump (7); an atomizer (72) is fixedly connected to the middle of the fan (6), and the atomizer (72) is connected with the other end of the second water pipe (71); the nozzle of the atomizer (72) is respectively arranged up and down, and one end of the first water pipe (2) far away from the sliding frame (15) is communicated with the atomizer (72).
5. A solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: an ice box (8) is fixedly connected inside the water tank (52); a metal rod (81) is fixedly connected in the ice box (8).
6. A solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: a first filter screen (9) is fixedly connected inside the water tank (52); the top end of the first filter screen (9) is fixedly connected with a convex block (91), and a plurality of convex blocks (91) are arranged; a sedimentation box (92) is fixedly connected inside the water tank (52); the inside rigid coupling of water tank (52) has No. two filter screens (93), and No. two filter screens (93) are located the top of sedimentation box (92).
7. A solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the bottom ends of the cooling fins (62) are fixedly connected with bent rods (94), and the bent rods (94) are provided with a plurality of cooling fins; the bottom ends of the bending rods (94) are fixedly connected with knocking balls (95).
CN202310889278.8A 2023-07-20 2023-07-20 Solar photovoltaic power generation device Active CN116633259B (en)

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CN117713666A (en) * 2023-11-24 2024-03-15 泗阳腾晖光电有限公司 Solar photovoltaic device
CN117811490A (en) * 2024-03-01 2024-04-02 苏州古顶能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power plant subassembly with cooling structure

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WO2011002213A2 (en) * 2009-06-30 2011-01-06 엘지이노텍주식회사 Photovoltaic power-generating apparatus
CN213521789U (en) * 2020-09-16 2021-06-22 云南众远电力工程有限公司 A photovoltaic power generation system for wisdom agricultural
CN115475801A (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-12-16 华能国际电力股份有限公司丹东电厂 Photovoltaic board surface accumulated dust cleaning device for solar power generation

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011002213A2 (en) * 2009-06-30 2011-01-06 엘지이노텍주식회사 Photovoltaic power-generating apparatus
CN213521789U (en) * 2020-09-16 2021-06-22 云南众远电力工程有限公司 A photovoltaic power generation system for wisdom agricultural
CN115475801A (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-12-16 华能国际电力股份有限公司丹东电厂 Photovoltaic board surface accumulated dust cleaning device for solar power generation

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