CN1164881A - Reinforced or prestressed semi-precast concrete structure for building - Google Patents

Reinforced or prestressed semi-precast concrete structure for building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1164881A
CN1164881A CN96191018.6A CN96191018A CN1164881A CN 1164881 A CN1164881 A CN 1164881A CN 96191018 A CN96191018 A CN 96191018A CN 1164881 A CN1164881 A CN 1164881A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pillar
precast
semi
concrete
plate
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Pending
Application number
CN96191018.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾米·恩里克·希门尼斯·桑切斯
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication of CN1164881A publication Critical patent/CN1164881A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/065Light-weight girders, e.g. with precast parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/04Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with beams or slabs of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. asbestos cement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/43Floor structures of extraordinary design; Features relating to the elastic stability; Floor structures specially designed for resting on columns only, e.g. mushroom floors

Abstract

It is based on the addition of a concrete sole to trussed or prestressed beams (3) and inclusively wings with the complete pre-cast height for edge beams. The floor slab (4) will bear on to the concrete sole of the beams. The beams (3) will bear on a form platform created around the pillars.

Description

Steel concrete or prestressed concrete half prefabricated building structure
The present invention relates to a kind of is the structural system that steel concrete or prestress architecture structure are conceived, this building structure is made by reinforced concrete structure and precast plate that semi-precast beam and its underpart are provided with, they utilize one be installed to post template or pillar originally on one's body template platform and plate or pillar fit together, the thickness of these prefabricated edges of boards is the 4-5cm order of magnitude.
This connects the solution that a kind of economy is provided to structure of following type, no matter be straight, oblique, do not line up, still encorbelment beam, side bar or dihedral beam, or truss and three to four beams structure of intersecting or the like.
This structural system has extensive use, is used to build house, commercial exhibition room, stop building or industrial construction, has also and can not have furred ceiling, and surface layer is plastered, and directly sprays white or as seen concrete.
The system that now is used for building structure is divided three classes:
-unidirectional,
Reaching of-grid type
-prefabricated
Unidirectional framework or structure are used most widely for building block system building or Dan Jia house, it is based on utilizing secondary beam or plate to make framework, because it is along the single direction transmitted load, then it is referred to as unidirectional.Secondary beam is given girder loading transfer, and the latter gives post whole weight transmitting again, passes to the basis by post again.At present, this is the most cheap building system.
Grid type framework and above-mentioned difference are that they give both direction with its loading transfer, form a grid that has its load network.Load finally passes to pillar by this grid.They are specially adapted to office block, parking building and commercial center, and this compares permission with secondary beam and board-like framework bigger interval between pillar.This system is just beginning to present competitiveness on the price with respect to one-way system, as span between the pillar after 7 meters.
Precast frame now is used for large-scale commercial center and parking building.Though they save more money, its shortcoming is that the screen work that is formed by pillar must have very regular shape, and this does not allow architectural design that big flexibility is arranged.
For this folk prescription of finishing secondary beam and plate to structure, it is the most economical and be suitable for the building requirements of 4-6 rice span most, the position of house pillar is at first arranged on the ground, is placed to the position with rear pattern plate, and pillar is poured into a mould into concrete.
Took off the template of pillar in second day, and began main load beam is established template.Template is set promptly is, the beam that is parallel to moulding in the future is provided with two wooden or beams of metal crosses and makes its space 80-100cm; Put the bottom surface that template forms the template of beam at the top of these two crosses.These crosses are supported by the metal mainstay of the every meter mounted in pairs of being separated by and are keeping.For preventing to move, template is fixed on the pillar, connects a pillar at a pillar then and puts reinforcing bar.
Utilize secondary beam and plate to make this structure, they are bearing on the beam slab and reach on another beam slab, thus whole vacant surface before covering, so that finish structural slab.Secondary beam must get up in every about 1.5 meters supportings, because it can not self-supporting.
The edge requirement of structural slab will be provided with metal or wooden dividing plate on the template of the bottom surface that forms the dihedral beam, come square onboard fluid concrete to give structural slab with its shape and as on-the-spot template.
Before fluid concrete, put into the reinforcing bar of the hogging moment that is used to bear structure and steel mesh reinforcement so that whole plate is linked together.Fluid concrete has just been finished the soil of executing of flooring structure.
Cross and template can be pulled down after having built three days, reach more than 28 days although the pillar of plate also must be kept somewhere original position, after this can remove all materials, just can build a wall on the plate.
The applicant thinks, according to the structure design in 5 years of inventor and calculating experience and the resulting data of file of respectively being engaged in the company of building structure, also is out of use with the similar system that is mentioned in the literary composition at least.
The invention reside in the saving of a series of known typical members and mould material is combined, the former has determined some new effect and has allowed to execute soil so that carry out structure at a high speed that the latter has been lowered the price in structure and house.
This structural system that is used for steel concrete or prestressed concrete building structures is by having reinforcing bar and the concrete slab semi-precast beam is made, this semi-precast beam is connected on plate and the pillar by a template platform, and this platform is installed on the side of pillar or himself.
Semi-precast beam is bearing in and is positioned near the template platform of pillar, and is absorbed in deviation and the layout defective that produces in the working site.
Framework and other carrier bars are bearing on the precast plate or backing plate of semi-precast beam; Framework can be made by precast plate that has steel mesh reinforcement or the prestressing force precast plate that has pottery, concrete and a Porexpan etc.
Platform (even also can be cast in concrete simultaneously pillar and the framework) before taking off template, pillar can be set around pillar.
Anchor to post template or pillar originally on one's body described platform the different schemes of constructing is provided, this platform can be made by wood, metal, plastics etc. and form a typical template.
By fluid concrete in advance in pillar, or suitable adjustable column subtemplate, its straightening or supporting are got up, just prevented fully this member move horizontally or crooked.
Be bearing in two first precast beams of adjacent pillar isolated pillar is installed, the latter is supporting the weight of himself and is being shelved on the weight of the framework on backing plate or the bottom backing plate.Framework can be provided with or be provided with steel mesh reinforcement, and this depends on used type.
The dihedral beam can make wherein a side and panels make fully with on one side, thereby just exempts from the template that usefulness has dividing plate in the working site.Only just needing the leveling dividing plate near the pillar or on framework platform.
Among typical secondary beam and main beam structure system and unidirectional framework, after pouring pillar, pull down template.
Utilize this new system, the post template structure can be used to support precast beam; After on the floor, pouring into a mould concrete second day or the 3rd day, just pull down described template.Post template can have a height adjustment means, to help mould unloading and adjusting floor level.
Mould unloading does not damage from ceiling and drops to material on the floor, and as in the occasion of using typical girder, it is many that the floor is also clean.If use half precast frame, plate, bonding jumper, working of plastics or the supporting plate of placement just can't see in the surrounding area.
Compare with framework to girder with typical folk prescription, its speed of application is faster, than common needed time decreased 30-50% (depending on used moulding type).
If use this structure on the chamber under the framework, furred ceiling must be installed requiring beam not reach, cross and help designing apparatus and install an air-conditioner.The price of furred ceiling is 600Pta/m 2, this is equivalent to plaster and gypsum plaster.The cost of the structural system that the present invention proposes is lower than 600Pts/m 2Thereby, accepted by the people easily in market.
Advantage of the present invention is, formwork is saved time, thereby has increased speed of application, solves various building structure plate (angle, post, limit, supporting beam, elevator hoistways, bar, protuberance and oblique angle etc.), the building site is neatly clean, saves nail and wood, owing to do not relate to template and beam, so save the time of form removal, because avoided material damage when the dismounting template, the life-span of template die is elongated, safer condition is provided for the template workman.
For setting forth and understanding characteristics of the present invention, this manual removes a cover figure, and it is only for showing bright and unqualified property, in the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a semi-precast beam, and it comprises bar construction, has the concrete prefabricated board of steel mesh reinforcement or the framework of precast plate pattern;
Fig. 2 shows that oolemma has the post template of working platform;
Fig. 3 shows that oolemma has the semi-precast beam of reinforcing bar and precast plate, and its upper support a carrier bar;
Fig. 4 shows the bright half pre-beam that is positioned on the two adjacent pillar platforms and pillar is housed, and this pillar is provided with the weight of bearing semi-precast beam by given interval;
Fig. 5 shows the plotted point of bright two beams, pillar and framework;
Fig. 6 shows a bright dihedral beam;
Fig. 7 shows the plotted point of bright dihedral beam, framework and each leveling formula pillar dividing plate;
Fig. 8 shows the plotted point of bright dihedral beam, framework and leveling formula pillar dividing plate;
Fig. 9 shows the bright beam of encorbelmenting, the plotted point of another beam and column of bigger dihedral beam.
With reference to each figure, clearly, the invention reside in a kind of steel concrete or answer concrete half prefabricated building structure in advance, it comprises the horizontal shuttering platform (1) that is provided with on a template at pillar (2) or the pillar side, poured into a mould concrete on these pillars and supported semi-precast beam (3) and framework (4), described semi-precast beam (3) is by cage of reinforcement (5) and makes at a concrete prefabricated board or the backing plate of its underpart.
Framework (4) is bearing in concrete prefabricated board or backing plate 6 tops, and this framework can adopt present known form, and also is used for supporting other carrier bars (7).
Be bearing in semi-precast beam (3) on the platform of two adjacent pillars by a certain pillar (8) supporting of giving determining deviation of being separated by, the weight that is used to bear the weight of himself and is bearing in the framework (4) on following precast plate or the backing plate (6).
This semi-precast beam can be a dihedral beam 3 ', the L shaped precast plate 6 of a bottom ' be positioned on its soffit, and it hides a wherein side.
Adopt dividing plate (9) or plank on the template platform to do finished surface (finishing) around pillar.
Post template has the adjusting that height regulating part (a 10) people helps mould unloading and floor level.
Expert for this area is appreciated that spiritual essence of the present invention and consequent advantage, no longer needs to discuss widely.
If do not change spiritual essence of the present invention, but can change the setting of material, shape, size and parts.
Used term must fundamentally regard exemplary with unrestriced as in the description of this manual.
Former claim 1 is revised in statement when revising according to the 19th of treaty, increases and writes the preamble that people FR2056732 had required right, and it defines manufacturing of semi-precast beam.Former claim 1 is rewritten again, has added the statement of setting forth its component parts function, has write the contact between each part, and this does not have in former claim.Claim 1 has comprised the content of former claim 3.Claim 2 is rewritten again, but its main contents do not become.Former claim 3 is deleted, and its content is incorporated claim 1 into.
Claims
Modification according to the 19th of treaty
1. steel concrete or prestressed concrete half prefabricated building structure are made of semi-precast beam (3), and it comprises that one is made by cage of reinforcement (5) and the concrete prefabricated board or the backing plate that are contained in its underpart, it is characterized in that,
-at post template (2) or the horizontal frame platform (1) that on the pillar side, is provided with, on pillar, poured into a mould concrete, this platform is allowed and is absorbed pillar layout deviation and the prefabricated deviation of semi-precast beam (3) length;
-this semi-precast beam (3) is bearing in the top of this platform;
-frame plate (4) constitutes the precast plate of a band reinforcing bar, and latter's frame is in semi-precast beam (3);
-be positioned on the framework platform (1) and by flat partition board around pillar.
2. described steel concrete of claim or prestressed concrete half precast construction as described above is characterized in that the semi-precast beam of support on platform (1) can be the dihedral beam (3 ') that has the L shaped precast plate in bottom (6 ').

Claims (3)

1. steel concrete or prestressed concrete half prefabricated building structure, its essential characteristic is, it comprises a horizontal frame platform (1), the latter is positioned on the template (2) of having poured into a mould on concrete pillar or its side, this platform (1) is used for supporting semi-precast beam (3) and framework (4), this semi-precast beam (3) is made of with the precast plate that is installed to its underpart or backing plate (6) cage of reinforcement (5), and is supporting framework (4) thereon.
2. described steel concrete of claim or prestressed concrete half prefabricated building structure as described above is characterized in that semi-precast beam can be dihedral beam (3 '), are provided with a L shaped bottom precast plate (6 ') at its soffit, and this precast plate covers a side wherein.
3. steel concrete as claimed in claim 1 or prestressed concrete half prefabricated building structure is characterized in that it comprises the part of finishing round pillar, and this finishes the dividing plate (9) that part constitutes horizontal frame platform (1) top.
CN96191018.6A 1995-09-05 1996-03-29 Reinforced or prestressed semi-precast concrete structure for building Pending CN1164881A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES009501731A ES2133202B1 (en) 1995-09-05 1995-09-05 SEMI-PREFABRICATED STRUCTURE OF REINFORCED OR PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE FOR BUILDING, WHICH USES THE PILLAR AND / OR ITS FORMWORK TO CREATE A WORK PLATFORM AROUND THE PILLAR THAT SUPPORTS FORMWORK AND SUPPORTING SEMI-PREFABRICATED BEAMS.
ES9501731 1995-09-05

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1164881A true CN1164881A (en) 1997-11-12

Family

ID=8291496

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN96191018.6A Pending CN1164881A (en) 1995-09-05 1996-03-29 Reinforced or prestressed semi-precast concrete structure for building

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0790364A1 (en)
CN (1) CN1164881A (en)
AU (1) AU5111196A (en)
ES (1) ES2133202B1 (en)
HU (1) HUP9702115A2 (en)
PL (1) PL319949A1 (en)
TR (1) TR199700346T1 (en)
WO (1) WO1997009494A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101899878A (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-12-01 柳忠林 Construction method for small draft frame structure of large-span prestressed concrete beam slab
CN104763085A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-08 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Assembled integral type pre-stress double-T floor framework structure and construction method thereof
CN107313506A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-11-03 有利华建筑预制件(深圳)有限公司 Building frame construction and its construction method provided with side bar

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2154512B1 (en) * 1997-01-27 2001-10-16 Extremadura 2000 De Estructura ADJUSTABLE FORMWORK PLATFORM AROUND THE PILLAR OR PILLAR FORMWORK, FOR SUPPORT OF PREFABRICATED FIGURES.
ES2147107B1 (en) * 1997-12-02 2001-04-01 Extremadura 2000 De Estructura SEMI-PREFABRICATED MIXED BEAM FOR FLAT ROOFS.
ES2154558B1 (en) * 1998-09-08 2001-10-16 Sanchez Jaime Enrique Jimenez METHOD OF MANUFACTURE OF BEAM OR EDGE, OF THE TYPE CABLE OF FERRALLA WITH CONCRETE FLOOR AND SEMIPREFABRICATED BEAM AS GOT.
ES2156801B1 (en) * 1998-12-10 2002-02-01 Sanchez Jaime Enrique Jimenez ADJUSTABLE FORMWORK PLATFORM TO PLACE AROUND THE PILLAR THAT SUPPORTS THE PREFABRICATED BEAMS.
FR2849080B1 (en) * 2002-12-24 2007-10-12 Fimurex WIRED METAL REINFORCEMENT TO PROVIDE THE FREQUENCY OF A PRECONTROLLED PART
ES2297974B1 (en) * 2005-06-28 2009-07-20 Proerai, S.L. CONSTRUCTION ELEMENT FOR BEAMS AND BUILT STRUCTURE.
ITMI20071455A1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2009-01-20 Leone Lucio IMPROVED BEAMS FOR CONCRETE AND METHOD OF ARMATURE FOR THEIR CONNECTION WITH PILLARS TO GIVE CONTINUED FROM CAMPATA TO CAMPATA

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DE1940209A1 (en) * 1969-08-07 1971-02-18 Rheinbau Gmbh Floor ceiling for buildings or the like.
DE2309722A1 (en) * 1973-02-27 1974-09-05 Wolfgang Ruemmele PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CONCRETE BUILDING CEILINGS
US4081935A (en) * 1976-07-26 1978-04-04 Johns-Manville Corporation Building structure utilizing precast concrete elements
FR2474083A1 (en) * 1980-01-17 1981-07-24 Etude Realisat Elements Ste Gl Pre-fabricated reinforced beam for floors in building renovation - has overlapping vertical stirrups to increase I-section of reinforcing bars
US4443985A (en) * 1981-08-31 1984-04-24 Jaime Moreno Composite building construction comprising a combination of precast and poured-in-place concrete
US4505087A (en) * 1983-03-14 1985-03-19 U.S. Filigree Wideslab, Inc. Method of construction of concrete decks with haunched supporting beams
DE3543174A1 (en) * 1985-08-08 1987-09-10 Otto Dr Becker Support construction, e.g. for bridges, buildings, space shuttles, aircraft, ships, vehicles, in particular for spanning large abutment spacings
AT389556B (en) * 1987-07-28 1989-12-27 Bucher Franz METHOD FOR INSTALLING A CEILING SHEET POOLABLE WITH LOCAL CONCRETE

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101899878A (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-12-01 柳忠林 Construction method for small draft frame structure of large-span prestressed concrete beam slab
CN104763085A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-08 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Assembled integral type pre-stress double-T floor framework structure and construction method thereof
CN104763085B (en) * 2015-04-08 2017-06-30 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 The double T floor frames structures of assembled integral prestressing force and its construction method
CN107313506A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-11-03 有利华建筑预制件(深圳)有限公司 Building frame construction and its construction method provided with side bar
CN107313506B (en) * 2017-08-14 2022-12-23 有利华建筑预制件(深圳)有限公司 Building frame structure with boundary beam and construction method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES2133202A1 (en) 1999-09-01
WO1997009494A1 (en) 1997-03-13
TR199700346T1 (en) 1997-08-21
AU5111196A (en) 1997-03-27
ES2133202B1 (en) 2000-04-16
EP0790364A1 (en) 1997-08-20
MX9703000A (en) 1997-07-31
PL319949A1 (en) 1997-09-01
HUP9702115A2 (en) 1998-04-28

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