CN115997717A - Water monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture - Google Patents

Water monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115997717A
CN115997717A CN202211687046.6A CN202211687046A CN115997717A CN 115997717 A CN115997717 A CN 115997717A CN 202211687046 A CN202211687046 A CN 202211687046A CN 115997717 A CN115997717 A CN 115997717A
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China
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water
cylinder body
connecting pipe
water quality
communicated
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CN202211687046.6A
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Inventor
赵彦华
夏爱军
薛晖
邵俊杰
万金娟
张美琴
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Institute of Jiangsu Province
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Institute of Jiangsu Province
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Priority to CN202211687046.6A priority Critical patent/CN115997717A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a water body monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture, which belongs to the technical field of fish culture and comprises a cylinder body, a water quality monitor, a filter, an oxygen generator, a fixed support, a water outlet, a drain valve, a first connecting pipe, a second connecting pipe, a PLC (programmable logic controller), a voltage sensor, a standby battery and a power line, wherein the fixed support is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body, the filter is fixedly connected to one side of the cylinder body, the water outlet is positioned at the bottom of the cylinder body, the drain valve is fixedly connected to the outer side of the water outlet, the drain valve is communicated with the inner part of the water outlet, and a water inlet is arranged on the rear side wall of the top of the cylinder body.

Description

Water monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fish culture, in particular to a water body monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture.
Background
In a broad sense, it is meant that fish that can live in fresh water having a salinity of three thousandths can be referred to as freshwater fish. In a narrow sense, it means that the fish is staged in the middle of its life history, such as in "juvenile" or "adult" stage, or must spend in fresh water for the whole life.
About 26000 fish species are known in the world, which are the most abundant species among vertebrates, accounting for about 48.1% of the total vertebrate population. Most of them live in the ocean, and freshwater fish are more than 8600. The number of the existing fishes in China is nearly 3 thousand, and more than 1000 freshwater fishes exist.
The production value of the total yield of the green, grass, silver carp, bighead carp, crucian carp and lobrama amblycephala of a large number of freshwater fish industry in China changes over the world in ten years, the total yield of the green, grass, silver carp, bighead carp, carp and lobrama amblycephala of a large number of freshwater fish system is increased from 1445 ten thousand tons and 1385 hundred million yuan in 2008 to 1964 ten thousand tons and 2612 hundred million yuan in 2017, the cultivation yield in 2017 is 5906 ten thousand tons, the yield of the large number of freshwater fish accounts for 77.9% of the total yield, the yield is increased by 88.6% under the condition that the yield is increased by 35.9%, and the quality improvement and the efficiency are very obvious. The large-scale freshwater fish culture is crude in facilities, rough in mode, frequent in diseases, low in efficiency and capable of being rapidly popularized in high-efficiency culture modes such as high-efficiency engineering culture, comprehensive rice and fish planting, runway culture and large-water surface water purification fishery after ten years, the transformation, upgrading and development achieve solid effects, and the high-quality green development of the industry is not separated from scientific support. Various specialists develop a great deal of work for promoting the healthy and green development of industry for 10 years, and the success is seen.
The existing breeding device needs manpower to change water quality and monitor water quality, pollution of water quality often causes death of a large number of breeding fishes, the breeding fishes need to be monitored on water quality frequently, the existing breeding device is only provided with a simple oxygen supply device, manual water changing and water quality monitoring are still needed, labor cost is consumed, and therefore a water quality adjustment integrated device is needed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides a water body monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a water monitoring and quality of water regulation integrated device that bulk freshwater fish was bred and used, includes cylinder body, quality of water monitor, filter, oxygen generator, fixed bolster, outlet, drain valve, connecting pipe one, connecting pipe two, PLC controller, voltage sensor, reserve battery, power cord, fixed bolster fixed connection is in the cylinder body bottom, filter fixed connection is in cylinder body one side, the outlet is located the cylinder body bottom, drain valve fixed connection is in the outside of outlet, and drain valve and outlet inside are linked together, and the top rear side wall of cylinder body is equipped with the water inlet, the water inlet outside is equipped with the water intaking valve, the inside water intaking valve is linked together with the water inlet, external water feeding pipe of water intaking valve, quality of water monitor fixes in cylinder body one side, the lower extreme of connecting pipe one with the cylinder body bottom is linked together, the upper end of connecting pipe one with quality of water monitor communicates, the lower extreme of connecting pipe two with quality of water detector is linked together, the top of connecting pipe two with filter is linked together, oxygen generator fixed connection is in cylinder body bottom top one side, reserve battery is located cylinder body bottom left side, and is linked together with fixed bolster controller, the external water feeding pipe is located voltage sensor, PLC controller and power cord, electric connection are located on the right side of the PLC controller.
Further, the water quality monitor comprises a water sump, a detector, a turbidity sensor, a water temperature sensor, an oxygen content sensor and a water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor, wherein the detector is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body, the lower end of the water sump is communicated with the upper end of the first connecting pipe, the upper end of the water sump is communicated with the lower end of the second connecting pipe, the turbidity sensor, the water temperature sensor, the oxygen content sensor and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor are fixedly connected to the inner wall of the water sump and are electrically connected with the detector, the turbidity sensor, the water temperature sensor, the oxygen content sensor and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor are all commercially available products, water quality detection is carried out through the sensors, data detected by the sensors are processed by the detectors and then fed back to the PLC controller, and water quality is monitored in real time.
Further, the filter includes water pipe, filter tank, filter pad, connecting pipe III, suction pump, connecting pipe IV, the inner of water pipe with the outer wall fixed connection of cylinder body, the inboard downside of water pipe with the top of connecting pipe II is linked together, and the outer end downside of water pipe is linked together with the filter tank, one side of filter tank is equipped with airtight door, the filter pad is placed in the bottom of filter tank, the bottom of filter tank is equipped with the drainage hole, the inboard of suction pump with the outer wall fixed connection of cylinder body, the lower extreme of drainage hole passes through connecting pipe III with the suction pump water inlet is linked together, the delivery port of suction pump with connecting pipe IV is linked together, the end of connecting pipe IV is fixed the top of cylinder body filters the water through the filter pad, gets rid of the impurity in the water.
Further, the oxygen generator comprises an air pump, an oxygen supply pipe and an oxygen dispersing spray nozzle, the air pump is fixedly connected to one side of the top of the cylinder body, the upper end of the oxygen supply pipe is communicated with the air outlet of the air pump, the lower end of the oxygen supply pipe penetrates through the cylinder wall at the bottom of the cylinder body to be communicated with the inside of the cylinder body, and the oxygen dispersing spray nozzle is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body and is communicated with the tail end of the oxygen supply pipe, so that the oxygen content in a water body is enhanced through the oxygen generator.
Further, the oxygen dispersing nozzle comprises an air bin and air outlet holes, wherein the bottom of the air bin is fixedly connected with the bottom of the cylinder body, a plurality of air outlet holes are distributed at the top of the air bin, and the air is dispersed through the oxygen dispersing nozzle, so that the contact area between the air and a water body is increased, and the oxygen content in water is further increased.
Further, a water pressure sensor is arranged at the bottom of the cylinder body and is electrically connected with the PLC, the water inlet valve is an electronic valve and is electrically connected with the PLC, water inlet is controlled through the water inlet valve, the water pressure sensor detects whether water is full, and the PLC closes the water inlet valve after the water is full so as to realize automatic water feeding.
Further, the waste water collecting barrel is placed below the fixing support, the barrel cover is arranged at the top of the waste water collecting barrel, the connecting pipe five is fixed above the barrel cover, the lower end of the connecting pipe five is fixedly connected with the barrel cover and is communicated with the interior of the waste water collecting barrel, the upper end of the connecting pipe five is communicated with the drain valve, waste water in the fish tank is conveniently discharged, and the waste water does not spill on the ground, so that pollution is caused to the ground.
Further, cylinder body right side wall fixedly connected with wireless controller, wireless controller passes through mobile phone client remote control, wireless controller respectively with PLC controller, battery backup, power cord, water quality monitor electric connection, carries out remote monitoring and remote control through distal end cell-phone APP.
Further, the camera is fixed with at the cylinder body top, the camera respectively with standby battery, power cord, wireless controller electric connection, whether observe fish life healthy through the camera.
Further, a plastic cover plate is movably covered on the top of the cylinder body, and a plurality of ventilation holes are formed in the plastic cover plate, so that air can conveniently contact with the water surface, and the oxygen content in the fish tank is enhanced.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) According to the invention, the PLC is used for controlling the water suction pump to work so as to pump water in the cylinder body into the water passing pipe, the water in the water passing pipe enters the filter tank, the magazines in the water are filtered through the filter pad, and the water quality is detected by the water quality monitor, so that the automatic purification of the culture water quality is realized, the automatic water feeding and draining can be realized, and the freshwater fish culture is facilitated.
(2) The invention is provided with the standby battery, the standby battery supplies power for all electric elements under the special condition of power failure, the PLC controls the air pump to work, the oxygen supply pipe supplies oxygen to the cylinder body, the oxygen content in the water in the cylinder body is ensured, and the death of fish due to oxygen deficiency is avoided.
(3) According to the invention, the water discharge valve and the water inlet valve can be controlled by the PLC to work simultaneously, water is discharged while water is fed on one side, the fish does not need to be separated from the water body, and the damage or discomfort to the fish can not be caused in the water changing process.
(4) According to the invention, the camera can be controlled to work through the wireless controller, then the video picture is remotely transmitted to the mobile phone end, the breeding condition of the fish is remotely checked at the mobile phone end, and the remote control and monitoring can also be realized at the mobile phone end, so that the freshwater fish can be conveniently bred, and the labor cost and the time cost for breeding are reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a top view of the plastic closure of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the oxygen diffuser cap of the present invention.
Wherein, 1-cylinder, 2-water quality monitor, 3-filter, 4-oxygen generator, 5-fixed support, 6-outlet, 7-drain valve, 8-connecting pipe I, 9-connecting pipe II, 10-PLC controller, 11-voltage sensor, 12-standby battery, 13-power cord, 14-water inlet, 15-water inlet valve, 21-sump, 22-detector, 23-turbidity sensor, 24-water temperature sensor, 25-oxygen content sensor, 26-water ammonia nitrogen sensor, 31-water pipe, 32-filter tank, 33-filter pad, 34-connecting pipe III, 35-water pump, 36-connecting pipe IV, 37-airtight door, 38-drainage hole, 41-air pump, 42-oxygen supply pipe, 43-oxygen dispersing nozzle, 431-air sump, 432-air outlet hole, 16-water pressure sensor, 51-wastewater collection barrel, 52-barrel cover, 53-five, 17-wireless controller, 18-camera, 19-plastic cover plate, 191-air vent.
Detailed Description
Example 1:
as shown in FIG. 1, a water body monitoring and water quality regulation integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture comprises a cylinder body 1, a water quality monitor 2, a filter 3, an oxygen generator 4, a fixed support 5, a water outlet 6, a drain valve 7, a connecting pipe I8, a connecting pipe II 9, a PLC controller 10, a voltage sensor 11, a standby battery 12 and a power line 13, wherein the fixed support 5 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the filter 3 is fixedly connected to one side of the cylinder body 1, the water outlet 6 is positioned at the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the drain valve 7 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the water outlet 6, the drain valve 7 is communicated with the interior of the water outlet 6, the rear side wall of the top of the cylinder body 1 is provided with a water inlet 14, the outer side of the water inlet 14 is provided with a water inlet valve 15, the interior of the water inlet valve 15 is communicated with the water inlet 14, the water quality monitor 2 is fixedly arranged on one side of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the connecting pipe I8 is communicated with the water quality monitor 2, the lower end of the connecting pipe I9 is communicated with the water quality monitor 22, the top of the connecting pipe II 9 is communicated with the filter 3, the oxygen generator 4 is fixedly connected to one side of the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the battery 12 is positioned at the bottom of the side of the battery 12, the drain valve 7 is fixedly connected to the left side of the connecting pipe 1 and the power line 10 is fixedly connected to the power line 13, the left side of the water quality monitor 10 is fixedly electrically connected to the power line 11, the power supply wire 13 is fixedly connected to the power supply controller 11, the power supply 1, the power supply line 11 and the power is fixedly connected to the PLC 1.
The water quality monitor 2 comprises a water sump 21, a detector 22, a turbidity sensor 23, a water temperature sensor 24, an oxygen content sensor 25 and a water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26, wherein the detector 22 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the water sump 21 is communicated with the upper end of the connecting pipe I8, the upper end of the water sump 21 is communicated with the lower end of the connecting pipe II, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25 and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26 are fixedly connected to the inner wall of the water sump 21 and are electrically connected with the detector 22, and the detector 22, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25 and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26 are all commercially available products, detect water quality through the sensors, process data detected by the sensors through the detector 22 and then feed back to the PLC controller 10 to monitor water quality in real time.
The filter 3 comprises a water passing pipe 31, a filter tank 32, a filter pad 33, a connecting pipe III 34, a water suction pump 35 and a connecting pipe IV 36, wherein the inner end of the water passing pipe 31 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower side of the inner side of the water passing pipe 31 is communicated with the top of the connecting pipe II 9, the lower side of the outer end of the water passing pipe 31 is communicated with the filter tank 32, one side of the filter tank 32 is provided with a sealing door 37, the filter pad 33 is placed at the bottom of the filter tank 32, the bottom of the filter tank 32 is provided with a water filtering hole 38, the inner side of the water suction pump 35 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the water filtering hole 38 is communicated with the water inlet 14 of the water suction pump 35 through the connecting pipe III 34, the water outlet of the water suction pump 35 is communicated with the connecting pipe IV 36, the tail end of the connecting pipe IV 36 is fixed at the top of the cylinder body 1, and impurities in the water are removed through the filter pad 33.
The oxygen generator 4 comprises an air pump 41, an oxygen supply pipe 42 and an oxygen dispersing spray nozzle 43, wherein the air pump 41 is fixedly connected to one side of the top of the cylinder body 1, the upper end of the oxygen supply pipe 42 is communicated with an air outlet of the air pump 41, the lower end of the oxygen supply pipe 42 penetrates through the cylinder wall at the bottom of the cylinder body 1 to be communicated with the inside of the cylinder body 1, the oxygen dispersing spray nozzle 43 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body 1 and is communicated with the tail end of the oxygen supply pipe 42, and the oxygen content in a water body is enhanced through the oxygen generator 4.
As shown in fig. 3, the oxygen dispersing nozzle 43 includes an air chamber 431 and air outlet holes 432, wherein the bottom of the air chamber 431 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the cylinder 1, a plurality of air outlet holes 432 are provided, the air outlet holes 432 are distributed at the top of the air chamber 431, and the air is dispersed through the oxygen dispersing nozzle 43, so that the contact area between the air and the water body is increased, and the oxygen content in the water is further increased.
The bottom of the cylinder body 1 is provided with a water pressure sensor 16 which is electrically connected with the PLC 10, the water inlet valve 15 adopts an electronic valve and is electrically connected with the PLC 10, water inlet is controlled through the water inlet valve 15, the water pressure sensor 16 detects whether water is full, and the PLC 10 closes the water inlet valve 15 after the water is full so as to realize automatic water feeding.
The waste water collecting barrel 51 is placed below the fixing support 5, the barrel cover 52 is arranged at the top of the waste water collecting barrel, the connecting pipe five 53 is fixed above the barrel cover 52, the lower end of the connecting pipe five 53 is fixedly connected with the barrel cover 52 and communicated with the interior of the waste water collecting barrel 51, the upper end of the connecting pipe five 53 is communicated with the drain valve 7, waste water in the fish tank is conveniently discharged, and the waste water does not spill on the ground, so that pollution is caused to the ground.
Example 2:
as shown in FIG. 1, a water body monitoring and water quality regulation integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture comprises a cylinder body 1, a water quality monitor 2, a filter 3, an oxygen generator 4, a fixed support 5, a water outlet 6, a drain valve 7, a connecting pipe I8, a connecting pipe II 9, a PLC controller 10, a voltage sensor 11, a standby battery 12 and a power line 13, wherein the fixed support 5 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the filter 3 is fixedly connected to one side of the cylinder body 1, the water outlet 6 is positioned at the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the drain valve 7 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the water outlet 6, the drain valve 7 is communicated with the interior of the water outlet 6, the rear side wall of the top of the cylinder body 1 is provided with a water inlet 14, the outer side of the water inlet 14 is provided with a water inlet valve 15, the interior of the water inlet valve 15 is communicated with the water inlet 14, the water quality monitor 2 is fixedly arranged on one side of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the connecting pipe I8 is communicated with the water quality monitor 2, the lower end of the connecting pipe I9 is communicated with the water quality monitor 22, the top of the connecting pipe II 9 is communicated with the filter 3, the oxygen generator 4 is fixedly connected to one side of the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the battery 12 is positioned at the bottom of the side of the battery 12, the drain valve 7 is fixedly connected to the left side of the connecting pipe 1 and the power line 10 is fixedly connected to the power line 13, the left side of the water quality monitor 10 is fixedly electrically connected to the power line 11, the power supply wire 13 is fixedly connected to the power supply controller 11, the power supply 1, the power supply line 11 and the power is fixedly connected to the PLC 1.
The water quality monitor 2 comprises a water sump 21, a detector 22, a turbidity sensor 23, a water temperature sensor 24, an oxygen content sensor 25 and a water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26, wherein the detector 22 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the water sump 21 is communicated with the upper end of the connecting pipe I8, the upper end of the water sump 21 is communicated with the lower end of the connecting pipe II, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25 and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26 are fixedly connected to the inner wall of the water sump 21 and are electrically connected with the detector 22, and the detector 22, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25 and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26 are all commercially available products, detect water quality through the sensors, process data detected by the sensors through the detector 22 and then feed back to the PLC controller 10 to monitor water quality in real time.
The filter 3 comprises a water passing pipe 31, a filter tank 32, a filter pad 33, a connecting pipe III 34, a water suction pump 35 and a connecting pipe IV 36, wherein the inner end of the water passing pipe 31 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower side of the inner side of the water passing pipe 31 is communicated with the top of the connecting pipe II 9, the lower side of the outer end of the water passing pipe 31 is communicated with the filter tank 32, one side of the filter tank 32 is provided with a sealing door 37, the filter pad 33 is placed at the bottom of the filter tank 32, the bottom of the filter tank 32 is provided with a water filtering hole 38, the inner side of the water suction pump 35 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the water filtering hole 38 is communicated with the water inlet 14 of the water suction pump 35 through the connecting pipe III 34, the water outlet of the water suction pump 35 is communicated with the connecting pipe IV 36, the tail end of the connecting pipe IV 36 is fixed at the top of the cylinder body 1, and impurities in the water are removed through the filter pad 33.
The oxygen generator 4 comprises an air pump 41, an oxygen supply pipe 42 and an oxygen dispersing spray nozzle 43, wherein the air pump 41 is fixedly connected to one side of the top of the cylinder body 1, the upper end of the oxygen supply pipe 42 is communicated with an air outlet of the air pump 41, the lower end of the oxygen supply pipe 42 penetrates through the cylinder wall at the bottom of the cylinder body 1 to be communicated with the inside of the cylinder body 1, the oxygen dispersing spray nozzle 43 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body 1 and is communicated with the tail end of the oxygen supply pipe 42, and the oxygen content in a water body is enhanced through the oxygen generator 4.
As shown in fig. 3, the oxygen dispersing nozzle 43 includes an air chamber 431 and air outlet holes 432, wherein the bottom of the air chamber 431 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the cylinder 1, a plurality of air outlet holes 432 are provided, the air outlet holes 432 are distributed at the top of the air chamber 431, and the air is dispersed through the oxygen dispersing nozzle 43, so that the contact area between the air and the water body is increased, and the oxygen content in the water is further increased.
The bottom of the cylinder body 1 is provided with a water pressure sensor 16 which is electrically connected with the PLC 10, the water inlet valve 15 adopts an electronic valve and is electrically connected with the PLC 10, water inlet is controlled through the water inlet valve 15, the water pressure sensor 16 detects whether water is full, and the PLC 10 closes the water inlet valve 15 after the water is full so as to realize automatic water feeding.
The waste water collecting barrel 51 is placed below the fixing support 5, the barrel cover 52 is arranged at the top of the waste water collecting barrel, the connecting pipe five 53 is fixed above the barrel cover 52, the lower end of the connecting pipe five 53 is fixedly connected with the barrel cover 52 and communicated with the interior of the waste water collecting barrel 51, the upper end of the connecting pipe five 53 is communicated with the drain valve 7, waste water in the fish tank is conveniently discharged, and the waste water does not spill on the ground, so that pollution is caused to the ground.
The right side wall of the cylinder body 1 is fixedly connected with a wireless controller 17, the wireless controller 17 is remotely controlled through a mobile phone client, and the wireless controller 17 is respectively and electrically connected with the PLC 10, the standby battery 12, the power line 13 and the water quality monitor 2, and is remotely monitored and remotely controlled through a remote mobile phone APP.
Compared with embodiment 1, embodiment 2 has a wireless controller 17, and remote control and remote monitoring are realized through the wireless controller 17, so that the use effect of embodiment 2 is better.
Example 3:
as shown in FIG. 1, a water body monitoring and water quality regulation integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture comprises a cylinder body 1, a water quality monitor 2, a filter 3, an oxygen generator 4, a fixed support 5, a water outlet 6, a drain valve 7, a connecting pipe I8, a connecting pipe II 9, a PLC controller 10, a voltage sensor 11, a standby battery 12 and a power line 13, wherein the fixed support 5 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the filter 3 is fixedly connected to one side of the cylinder body 1, the water outlet 6 is positioned at the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the drain valve 7 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the water outlet 6, the drain valve 7 is communicated with the interior of the water outlet 6, the rear side wall of the top of the cylinder body 1 is provided with a water inlet 14, the outer side of the water inlet 14 is provided with a water inlet valve 15, the interior of the water inlet valve 15 is communicated with the water inlet 14, the water quality monitor 2 is fixedly arranged on one side of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the connecting pipe I8 is communicated with the water quality monitor 2, the lower end of the connecting pipe I9 is communicated with the water quality monitor 22, the top of the connecting pipe II 9 is communicated with the filter 3, the oxygen generator 4 is fixedly connected to one side of the bottom of the cylinder body 1, the battery 12 is positioned at the bottom of the side of the battery 12, the drain valve 7 is fixedly connected to the left side of the connecting pipe 1 and the power line 10 is fixedly connected to the power line 13, the left side of the water quality monitor 10 is fixedly electrically connected to the power line 11, the power supply wire 13 is fixedly connected to the power supply controller 11, the power supply 1, the power supply line 11 and the power is fixedly connected to the PLC 1.
The water quality monitor 2 comprises a water sump 21, a detector 22, a turbidity sensor 23, a water temperature sensor 24, an oxygen content sensor 25 and a water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26, wherein the detector 22 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the water sump 21 is communicated with the upper end of the connecting pipe I8, the upper end of the water sump 21 is communicated with the lower end of the connecting pipe II, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25 and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26 are fixedly connected to the inner wall of the water sump 21 and are electrically connected with the detector 22, and the detector 22, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25 and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26 are all commercially available products, detect water quality through the sensors, process data detected by the sensors through the detector 22 and then feed back to the PLC controller 10 to monitor water quality in real time.
The filter 3 comprises a water passing pipe 31, a filter tank 32, a filter pad 33, a connecting pipe III 34, a water suction pump 35 and a connecting pipe IV 36, wherein the inner end of the water passing pipe 31 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower side of the inner side of the water passing pipe 31 is communicated with the top of the connecting pipe II 9, the lower side of the outer end of the water passing pipe 31 is communicated with the filter tank 32, one side of the filter tank 32 is provided with a sealing door 37, the filter pad 33 is placed at the bottom of the filter tank 32, the bottom of the filter tank 32 is provided with a water filtering hole 38, the inner side of the water suction pump 35 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body 1, the lower end of the water filtering hole 38 is communicated with the water inlet 14 of the water suction pump 35 through the connecting pipe III 34, the water outlet of the water suction pump 35 is communicated with the connecting pipe IV 36, the tail end of the connecting pipe IV 36 is fixed at the top of the cylinder body 1, and impurities in the water are removed through the filter pad 33.
The oxygen generator 4 comprises an air pump 41, an oxygen supply pipe 42 and an oxygen dispersing spray nozzle 43, wherein the air pump 41 is fixedly connected to one side of the top of the cylinder body 1, the upper end of the oxygen supply pipe 42 is communicated with an air outlet of the air pump 41, the lower end of the oxygen supply pipe 42 penetrates through the cylinder wall at the bottom of the cylinder body 1 to be communicated with the inside of the cylinder body 1, the oxygen dispersing spray nozzle 43 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body 1 and is communicated with the tail end of the oxygen supply pipe 42, and the oxygen content in a water body is enhanced through the oxygen generator 4.
As shown in fig. 3, the oxygen dispersing nozzle 43 includes an air chamber 431 and air outlet holes 432, wherein the bottom of the air chamber 431 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the cylinder 1, a plurality of air outlet holes 432 are provided, the air outlet holes 432 are distributed at the top of the air chamber 431, and the air is dispersed through the oxygen dispersing nozzle 43, so that the contact area between the air and the water body is increased, and the oxygen content in the water is further increased.
The bottom of the cylinder body 1 is provided with a water pressure sensor 16 which is electrically connected with the PLC 10, the water inlet valve 15 adopts an electronic valve and is electrically connected with the PLC 10, water inlet is controlled through the water inlet valve 15, the water pressure sensor 16 detects whether water is full, and the PLC 10 closes the water inlet valve 15 after the water is full so as to realize automatic water feeding.
The waste water collecting barrel 51 is placed below the fixing support 5, the barrel cover 52 is arranged at the top of the waste water collecting barrel, the connecting pipe five 53 is fixed above the barrel cover 52, the lower end of the connecting pipe five 53 is fixedly connected with the barrel cover 52 and communicated with the interior of the waste water collecting barrel 51, the upper end of the connecting pipe five 53 is communicated with the drain valve 7, waste water in the fish tank is conveniently discharged, and the waste water does not spill on the ground, so that pollution is caused to the ground.
The right side wall of the cylinder body 1 is fixedly connected with a wireless controller 17, the wireless controller 17 is remotely controlled through a mobile phone client, and the wireless controller 17 is respectively and electrically connected with the PLC 10, the standby battery 12, the power line 13 and the water quality monitor 2, and is remotely monitored and remotely controlled through a remote mobile phone APP.
The top of the cylinder body 1 is fixed with a camera 18, the camera 18 is respectively and electrically connected with the standby battery 12, the power line 13 and the wireless controller 17, and whether the life of fish is healthy is observed through the camera 18.
As shown in fig. 2, the top of the tank body 1 is movably covered with a plastic cover plate 19, and a plurality of ventilation holes 191 are formed in the plastic cover plate 19, so that air can conveniently contact with the water surface, and the oxygen content in the fish tank is enhanced.
Compared with the embodiment 2, the embodiment 3 is the best embodiment because the camera 18 and the plastic cover plate 19 are added, the fish activity can be remotely monitored, and the plastic cover plate 19 shell prevents fish from jumping out of the cylinder 1.
The working method of the integrated device for monitoring the water body and adjusting the water quality for the large-scale freshwater fish culture comprises the following steps:
s1: the water quality is monitored by the water quality monitor 2, the monitoring data are transmitted to the PLC 10, and when the water quality is turbid, the PLC 10 controls the filter 3 to be started;
s2: the water suction pump 35 works to pump water in the cylinder body 1 into the water passing pipe 31, the water in the water passing pipe 31 enters the filter tank 32, the magazines in the water are filtered through the filter pad 33, and the filter pad 33 is replaced by opening the airtight door 37 so as to achieve the aim of purifying the water quality;
s3: when the water quality monitor 2 monitors that the oxygen content of water quality is low, the PLC 10 controls the early oxygen device 4 to start, the air pump 41 works, air is sent to the bottom of the cylinder body 1 through the oxygen supply pipe 42, and the oxygen content of water in the cylinder body 1 is enhanced;
s4: when the water quality monitor 2 monitors that the ammonia nitrogen content exceeds the standard, the water discharge valve 7 is opened, the water in the cylinder body 1 is discharged, the water inlet valve 15 is opened, water is fed into the cylinder body 1, and the water quality is improved;
s5: the wireless controller 17 and the mobile phone client end remotely transmit wireless information, the wireless controller 17 controls the camera 18 to work, the fish condition in the cylinder body 1 is checked, an instruction is sent to the PLC 10 through the wireless controller 17, and the PLC 10 controls the water quality monitor 2, the filter 3 and the oxygen generator 4 to work.
The PLC controller 10, the voltage sensor 11, the water inlet valve 15, the water outlet valve 7, the detector 22, the turbidity sensor 23, the water temperature sensor 24, the oxygen content sensor 25, the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor 26, the water pump 35, the air pump 41, the water pressure sensor 16, and the wireless controller 17 used in the above embodiments are all commercially available products, so long as the functions of the present invention can be realized, and a person skilled in the art can select and use the materials according to conventional general knowledge, and the present invention is not limited thereto.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a water monitoring and quality of water regulation integrated device that bulk freshwater fish was bred, its characterized in that includes cylinder body (1), water quality monitor (2), filter (3), make oxygen ware (4), fixed bolster (5), outlet (6), drain valve (7), connecting pipe one (8), connecting pipe two (9), PLC controller (10), voltage sensor (11), reserve battery (12), power cord (13), fixed bolster (5) fixed connection is in cylinder body (1) bottom, filter (3) fixed connection is in cylinder body (1) one side, outlet (6) are located cylinder body (1) bottom, drain valve (7) fixed connection is in the outside of outlet (6), drain valve (7) are linked together with outlet (6) inside, and the top rear side wall of cylinder body (1) is equipped with water inlet (14), the outside of water inlet (14) is equipped with water inlet valve (15), the inside and water inlet valve (14) are linked together, the external connection pipe of water quality monitor (2) are fixed in cylinder body (1) one side, one end (8) are linked together with water feeding bottom (1), the upper end of connecting pipe one (8) with water quality monitor (2) communicates with each other, the lower extreme of connecting pipe two (9) with water quality detector (22) are linked together, the top of connecting pipe two (9) with filter (3) are linked together, make oxygen ware (4) fixed connection in bottom top one side of cylinder body (1), reserve battery (12) are located cylinder body (1) bottom left side, and with fixed bolster (5) fixed connection, PLC controller (10) are located cylinder body (1) bottom right side, and with fixed bolster (5) fixed connection, reserve battery (12) and power cord (13) with PLC controller (10) electric connection, voltage sensor (11) electric connection is on power cord (13), PLC controller (10) and filter (3), water quality monitor (2), oxygen ware (4), voltage sensor (11) electric connection.
2. The integrated device for monitoring and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 1, wherein the water quality monitor (2) comprises a water bin (21), a detector (22), a turbidity sensor (23), a water temperature sensor (24), an oxygen content sensor (25) and a water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor (26), the detector (22) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body (1), the lower end of the water bin (21) is communicated with the upper end of the first connecting pipe (8), the upper end of the water bin (21) is communicated with the lower end of the second connecting pipe, and the turbidity sensor (23), the water temperature sensor (24), the oxygen content sensor (25) and the water quality ammonia nitrogen sensor (26) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the water bin (21) and are electrically connected with the detector (22).
3. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-area freshwater fish culture according to claim 1, wherein the filter (3) comprises a water passing pipe (31), a filtering tank (32), a filtering pad (33), a connecting pipe III (34), a water suction pump (35) and a connecting pipe IV (36), the inner end of the water passing pipe (31) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body (1), the lower side of the inner side of the water passing pipe (31) is communicated with the top of the connecting pipe II (9), the lower side of the outer end of the water passing pipe (31) is communicated with the filtering tank (32), one side of the filtering tank (32) is provided with a sealing door (37), the filtering pad (33) is placed at the bottom of the filtering tank (32), the bottom of the filtering tank (32) is provided with a water filtering hole (38), the inner side of the water suction pump (35) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the cylinder body (1), the lower end of the water filtering hole (38) is communicated with the water suction pump (35) water inlet (14), and the water suction pump (35) is communicated with the top of the connecting pipe IV (36) is fixedly connected with the top of the cylinder body (1).
4. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 1, wherein the oxygen generator (4) comprises an air pump (41), an oxygen supply pipe (42) and an oxygen dispersing spray nozzle (43), the air pump (41) is fixedly connected to one side of the top of the cylinder body (1), the upper end of the oxygen supply pipe (42) is communicated with the air outlet of the air pump (41), the lower end of the oxygen supply pipe (42) penetrates through the cylinder wall at the bottom of the cylinder body (1) to be communicated with the inside of the cylinder body (1), and the oxygen dispersing spray nozzle (43) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the cylinder body (1) and is communicated with the tail end of the oxygen supply pipe (42).
5. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 4, wherein the oxygen dispersing spray nozzle (43) comprises an air bin (431) and air outlet holes (432), the bottom of the air bin (431) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the cylinder body (1), a plurality of air outlet holes (432) are distributed at the top of the air bin (431).
6. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 1, wherein the bottom of the cylinder body (1) is provided with a water pressure sensor (16) and is electrically connected with the PLC (10), and the water inlet valve (15) adopts an electronic valve and is electrically connected with the PLC (10).
7. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 1, wherein a wastewater collection barrel (51) is arranged below the fixed support (5), a barrel cover (52) is arranged at the top of the wastewater collection barrel, a connecting pipe five (53) is fixed above the barrel cover (52), the lower end of the connecting pipe five (53) is fixedly connected with the barrel cover (52) and communicated with the interior of the wastewater collection barrel (51), and the upper end of the connecting pipe five (53) is communicated with the drain valve (7).
8. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 1, wherein a wireless controller (17) is fixedly connected to the right side wall of the cylinder body (1), the wireless controller (17) is remotely controlled through a mobile phone client, and the wireless controller (17) is electrically connected with the PLC (10), the standby battery (12), the power line (13) and the water quality monitor (2) respectively.
9. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 8, wherein a camera (18) is fixed at the top of the cylinder body (1), and the camera (18) is electrically connected with the standby battery (12), the power line (13) and the wireless controller (17) respectively.
10. The integrated device for monitoring water body and adjusting water quality for large-scale freshwater fish culture according to claim 8, wherein a camera (18) is fixed at the top of the cylinder body (1), and the camera (18) is electrically connected with the power line (13) and the wireless controller (17) respectively.
CN202211687046.6A 2022-12-27 2022-12-27 Water monitoring and water quality adjusting integrated device for large-scale freshwater fish culture Pending CN115997717A (en)

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