CN115946246B - Sand gravel stock ground quarry quarrying device and quarrying method - Google Patents

Sand gravel stock ground quarry quarrying device and quarrying method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115946246B
CN115946246B CN202310223384.2A CN202310223384A CN115946246B CN 115946246 B CN115946246 B CN 115946246B CN 202310223384 A CN202310223384 A CN 202310223384A CN 115946246 B CN115946246 B CN 115946246B
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rotating
motor
fixedly connected
cavity
base
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CN115946246A (en
Inventor
刘召
裴海蛟
兰欢
裴剑
杨鲲鹏
杨振华
马杰
李刚
张磊峰
雷建国
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Shanxi Water Conservancy Construction Engineering Bureau Group Co ltd
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Shanxi Water Conservancy Construction Engineering Bureau Group Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a gravel material yard quarrying device and a gravel material yard quarrying method, and belongs to the field of quarry quarrying. The stone collecting device comprises a base, the top of base is provided with the casing, the upper end of base is provided with the slewing mechanism who is used for rotating the casing, slewing mechanism is including installing the first motor in the base upper end, the upper end rotation of base is connected with the swivelling tube, the upper end and the lower extreme fixed connection of casing of swivelling tube, the output shaft and the swivelling tube of first motor pass through first driving medium transmission and are connected, first driving medium includes two meshed first gears, two first gears are installed respectively on the output shaft of swivelling tube and first motor, be provided with rotating assembly between the lower extreme of the upper end of base and casing. The quarrying device can greatly reduce the dust content in the air in the specific use process, improves the safety of staff, does not need manual operation in addition, and greatly reduces the operation difficulty.

Description

Sand gravel stock ground quarry quarrying device and quarrying method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of quarry, in particular to a gravel material yard quarrying device and a gravel material yard quarrying method.
Background
The mine quarrying machine is developed in recent years, can directly mine stone on barren mountains, greatly improves the quarrying efficiency, and the existing quarrying machine has large strip-shaped quarrying bodies.
At this moment, the massive ores need to be subjected to a preliminary crushing procedure manually, generally, firstly, holes are drilled on ore strips manually, then chisels are inserted into holes, a plurality of chisels are knocked manually, so that the bottom materials of stones are crushed into a plurality of small blocks, and then subsequent crushing work is performed, but in actual operation, larger dust is very easy to generate in the processes of drilling and knocking, so that the dust content of working environments of workers is larger, the health of the workers is influenced, and in addition, the knocking process is a very laborious work, so that how to optimize the working environments is considered.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art, and provides a gravel quarry stone collecting device and a stone collecting method.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a gravel material yard quarry stone device, includes the base, the top of base is provided with the casing, the upper end of base is provided with the slewing mechanism who is used for rotating the casing, slewing mechanism is including installing the first motor in the base upper end, the upper end rotation of base is connected with the swinging tube, the upper end and the lower extreme fixed connection of casing of swinging tube, the output shaft and the swinging tube of first motor pass through first driving medium transmission connection, first driving medium includes two meshed first gears, two first gears are installed respectively on the output shaft of swinging tube and first motor, be provided with rotary assembly between the upper end of base and the lower extreme of casing, the left and right sides of base is all fixedly connected with horizontal installation strip, two the hydraulic telescoping rod is all installed to the lower extreme of horizontal installation strip, two the flexible end of hydraulic telescoping rod is fixedly connected with connecting plate respectively; the drilling mechanism is positioned below the connecting plate on the right side; the knocking mechanism is positioned below the connecting plate at the left side.
Preferably, the drilling mechanism comprises a plurality of drill bits rotatably connected to the lower end of the right connecting plate, each two adjacent drill bits are in transmission connection through a third transmission piece, the third transmission piece comprises two first belt pulleys, the two first belt pulleys are in transmission connection through a first belt, and the two first belt pulleys are respectively mounted on the corresponding drill bits.
Preferably, the knocking mechanism comprises a rectangular box fixedly connected to the lower end of the left connecting plate, a sliding plate capable of sliding up and down is arranged in the rectangular box, the upper end of the sliding plate is elastically connected with the inner top of the rectangular box through a spring, and the lower end of the sliding plate is fixedly connected with a first rack.
Preferably, the rotating shaft is rotationally connected between the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the rectangular box, a first incomplete gear is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, the first incomplete gear is matched with a first rack, the lower end of the first rack is fixedly connected with an impact plate, a plurality of guide ports are fixedly connected to the inner bottom of the rectangular box, and a placement port is formed in the front side of the inner bottom space of the rectangular box.
Preferably, the driving mechanism further comprises a driving mechanism, the driving mechanism comprises a second motor arranged at the upper end of the shell, the upper ends of the two horizontal installation bars are all penetrated and provided with first rotating bars, each first rotating bar is all in rotary connection with the corresponding horizontal installation bar, each upper end of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with an L-shaped mounting frame, each upper end of the L-shaped mounting frame is penetrated and provided with a second rotating bar, each second rotating bar is all in rotary connection with the corresponding L-shaped mounting frame, each first rotating bar is internally provided with a strip-shaped cavity, each upper end of the second rotating bar is all extended into the corresponding strip-shaped cavity, and each rectangular slider is fixedly connected with the corresponding strip-shaped cavity inner wall in a sliding manner.
Preferably, the output shaft of the second motor is in transmission connection with the upper ends of the two first rotating rods through two second transmission parts, the second transmission parts comprise two second belt pulleys, the two second belt pulleys are in transmission connection through a second belt, the two second belt pulleys are respectively arranged on the output shaft of the second motor and the first rotating rods, one of the drill bits is in transmission connection with the second rotating rods on the right side through a fourth transmission part, the fourth transmission part comprises two meshed second gears, the two second gears are respectively arranged on the two second rotating rods, the right end of the rotating shaft is in transmission connection with the second rotating rods on the left side through a fifth transmission part, the fifth transmission part comprises two transmission bevel gears which are meshed with each other, and the two transmission bevel gears are respectively arranged on the right end of the rotating shaft and the second rotating rods on the left side.
Preferably, the dust removing cavity is arranged in the base, the rectangular cavity and the cavity are arranged in the shell, two piston plates are arranged in the rectangular cavity, two second racks are fixedly connected between the two piston plates, tooth surfaces of the two second racks are oppositely arranged, an output shaft of the second motor extends into the rectangular cavity and is fixedly connected with a second incomplete gear, and the second incomplete gear is matched with the two second racks.
Preferably, the upper end of the rotating pipe extends into the cavity, the lower end of the rotating pipe extends into the ash removal cavity, the left side space and the right side space of the rectangular cavity are communicated with the outside through a unidirectional air inlet pipe, the left side space and the right side space of the rectangular cavity are communicated with the top space of the cavity through unidirectional air outlet pipes, each unidirectional air inlet pipe and each unidirectional air outlet pipe are internally provided with a one-way valve, a filter plate is arranged in the ash removal cavity, the right side lower end of the base is fixedly connected with a transverse plate, a through hole is vertically formed in the transverse plate, the lower end of the transverse plate is fixedly connected with a hollow ring, a plurality of air suction ports are formed in the inner side of the hollow ring, and the middle space of the hollow ring and the ash removal cavity are communicated through a communicating pipe.
Preferably, the dust removing cavity is vertically provided with a plurality of guide rods, the guide rods penetrate through the filter plate and are in sliding connection with the filter plate, the filter plate is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the dust removing cavity, the inner bottom of the dust removing cavity is provided with an elastic plate with an upward cambered surface, the inner top of the dust removing cavity is provided with an electromagnet, and the filter plate is magnetic and is opposite in attraction to the adjacent surface of the electromagnet after being electrified.
The invention also discloses a quarry stone collecting method, which is applied to the quarry gravel collecting device and comprises the following steps:
firstly, moving the device to a strip-shaped ore, starting a second motor to rotate positively, starting a hydraulic telescopic rod on the right side to extend simultaneously, enabling a plurality of drill bits to synchronously rotate and move downwards after the motor rotates positively, performing punching action, and starting the hydraulic telescopic rod to shrink after punching is completed;
secondly, starting a first motor, enabling the shell to rotate for half a circle through a first transmission part, exchanging the drilling mechanism and the knocking mechanism, enabling a user to insert a chisel with a long shaft into a plurality of guide openings, wherein most of the lower end part of the chisel is positioned in a drilled hole body, and the upper end part of the chisel is contacted with the lower end face of the striking plate;
and thirdly, starting the reverse rotation of the second motor, after the second motor reversely rotates, enabling the first incomplete gear to rotate, and after the first incomplete gear rotates, driving the sliding plate to move upwards when being meshed with the first rack, and enabling the sliding plate to move downwards through the spring when the first incomplete gear rotates to be not meshed with the first rack, so that the impact plate finally moves downwards to impact the upper end parts of the chisels, and the knocking effect is realized.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. be provided with drilling mechanism and strike the mechanism, can drive through single motor and strike mechanism and drilling mechanism, compared prior art utilizes automation equipment to carry out the preliminary breakage of massive ore, has reduced the use of manpower.
2. Through the setting of second incomplete gear and two second racks, carry out forward and reverse pivoted in-process at the second motor, can both carry out dust removal work, adopt this mode, can greatly reduce the raise dust volume in the environment to guaranteed that the staff is located the environment of better air quality, improved staff's security.
3. By means of the arrangement of the electromagnet, the filter plate is located at the position above the water surface in the dust removing process, after the dust removing process is completed, the filter plate enters the water body and is subjected to shaking for many times, dust on the filter plate is comprehensively cleaned, and therefore the filter plate is always in a high ventilation state.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of an embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of a plurality of drill bit connections;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view at A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view at B of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 3 of the present invention;
fig. 7 is an enlarged view at C of fig. 6.
In the figure: 1 base, 2 shell, 3 first motor, 4 rotation tube, 5 first driving member, 6 rotation component, 7 second motor, 8 second driving member, 9 horizontal installation strip, 10 first rotation rod, 11 strip chamber, 12 hydraulic telescopic rod, 13 connecting plate, 14 drill bit, 15 third driving member, 16 fourth driving member, 17L-shaped mounting frame, 18 second rotation rod, 19 rectangular slide block, 20 first incomplete gear, 21 rectangular box, 22 strike plate, 23 guiding port, 24 fifth driving member, 25 rotation shaft, 26 first rack, 27 slide plate, 28 spring, 29 rectangular chamber, 30 cavity, 31 one-way air inlet tube, 32 one-way air outlet tube, 33 second incomplete gear, 34 piston plate, 35 second rack, 36 ash removal chamber, 37 filter plate, 38 communicating tube, 39 transverse plate, 40 hollow ring, 41 air suction port, 42 elastic plate, 43 electromagnet, 44 guiding rod.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
Example 1: referring to fig. 1-3, a gravel pit quarry stone collecting device comprises a base 1, wherein a moving structure is installed at the lower end of the base 1, the moving structure can conveniently move the device, a shell 2 is arranged above the base 1, a rotating mechanism for rotating the shell 2 is arranged at the upper end of the base 1, the rotating mechanism comprises a first motor 3 installed at the upper end of the base 1, a rotating pipe 4 is rotatably connected at the upper end of the base 1, the upper end of the rotating pipe 4 is fixedly connected with the lower end of the shell 2, an output shaft of the first motor 3 is in transmission connection with the rotating pipe 4 through a first transmission piece 5, the first transmission piece 5 comprises two meshed first gears, the two first gears are respectively installed on the rotating pipe 4 and the output shaft of the first motor 3, a rotating assembly 6 is arranged between the upper end of the base 1 and the lower end of the shell 2, the rotating assembly 6 is an annular sliding rail, a sliding rail seat of the sliding rail seat is fixedly connected with the lower end of the shell 2, horizontal installation bars 9 are fixedly connected with the left side and right side of the base 1, the lower ends of the two horizontal installation bars 9 are respectively provided with two telescopic connection plates 12, and two telescopic connection plates 13 are respectively fixedly connected with the telescopic connection plates of the two horizontal installation bars 12;
as an embodiment of the present invention, the drilling mechanism is located below the right connecting plate 13, the drilling mechanism includes a plurality of drill bits 14 rotatably connected to the lower end of the right connecting plate 13, each two adjacent drill bits 14 are in transmission connection through a third transmission member 15, the third transmission member 15 includes two first belt pulleys, the two first belt pulleys are in transmission connection through a first belt, and the two first belt pulleys are respectively mounted on the corresponding drill bits 14;
as an embodiment of the invention, the invention further comprises a knocking mechanism, the knocking mechanism is positioned below the left connecting plate 13, the knocking mechanism comprises a rectangular box 21 fixedly connected to the lower end of the left connecting plate 13, a sliding plate 27 capable of sliding up and down is arranged in the rectangular box 21, the upper end of the sliding plate 27 is elastically connected with the inner top of the rectangular box 21 through a spring 28, and the lower end of the sliding plate 27 is fixedly connected with a first rack 26;
as an embodiment of the present invention, a rotating shaft 25 is rotatably connected between the inner walls of the left and right sides of the rectangular box 21, a first incomplete gear 20 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 25, the first incomplete gear 20 is matched with a first rack 26, the lower end of the first rack 26 is fixedly connected with a striking plate 22, the inner bottom of the rectangular box 21 is fixedly connected with a plurality of guide openings 23, and a placement opening is arranged at the front side of the inner bottom space of the rectangular box 21;
as an embodiment of the invention, the invention further comprises a driving mechanism, the driving mechanism comprises a second motor 7 arranged at the upper end of the shell 2, the upper ends of two horizontal installation bars 9 are respectively provided with a first rotating bar 10 in a penetrating way, each first rotating bar 10 is rotationally connected with a corresponding horizontal installation bar 9, the upper end of each connecting plate 13 is fixedly connected with an L-shaped installation frame 17, the upper end of each L-shaped installation frame 17 is respectively provided with a second rotating bar 18 in a penetrating way, each second rotating bar 18 is rotationally connected with a corresponding L-shaped installation frame 17, each first rotating bar 10 is internally provided with a strip-shaped cavity 11, the upper end of each second rotating bar 18 extends into the corresponding strip-shaped cavity 11 and is fixedly connected with a rectangular sliding block 19, and each rectangular sliding block 19 is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the corresponding strip-shaped cavity 11;
as an embodiment of the present invention, the output shaft of the second motor 7 is in driving connection with the upper ends of the two first rotating rods 10 through the two second driving members 8, the second driving members 8 comprise two second pulleys, the two second pulleys are in driving connection through a second belt, the two second pulleys are respectively mounted on the output shaft of the second motor 7 and the first rotating rods 10, it should be noted that the two second pulleys are both connected with the corresponding first rotating rods 10 and the output shaft of the second motor 7 through unidirectional bearings, so that after the second motor 7 is started, the first rotating rods 10 on the right side are driven to rotate, the first rotating rods 10 on the left side are driven to rotate in a unidirectional manner, one drill bit 14 is in driving connection with the second rotating rods 18 on the right side through the fourth driving members 16, the fourth driving members 16 comprise two meshed second gears, the two second gears are respectively mounted on the two second rotating rods 18, the right ends of the rotating shafts 25 are in driving connection with the second rotating rods 18 on the left side through the fifth driving members 24, and the fifth driving members 24 comprise bevel gears respectively mounted on the right rotating shafts 25 on the right sides of the two rotating shafts and the right rotating shafts 18 are respectively meshed with the bevel gears 18.
In the invention, when in use, the device is moved to a strip-shaped ore (the front side of a short side), then the second motor 7 is started to rotate positively, meanwhile, the right hydraulic telescopic rod 12 is started, after the motor 7 rotates positively, a plurality of drill bits 14 can synchronously rotate and move downwards by utilizing the second transmission member 8, the fourth transmission member 16 and the third transmission member 15 to perform punching action, and after punching is completed, the hydraulic telescopic rod 12 is started to shrink;
then the first motor 3 is started, the shell 2 is rotated (rotated 180 degrees) through the first transmission piece 5, at this time, the drilling mechanism and the knocking mechanism are exchanged, a user inserts a chisel with a long shaft into a plurality of guide openings 23, most of the lower end part of the chisel is positioned in the hole body of the drill, the upper end part of the chisel is contacted with the lower end face of the striking plate 22, at this time, the reverse rotation of the second motor 7 is started, after the second motor 7 reversely rotates, the first incomplete gear 20 is driven by the cooperation of the second transmission piece 8 and the fifth transmission piece 24, the first incomplete gear 20 is rotated, when being meshed with the first rack 26, the sliding plate 27 is driven to move upwards, when the first incomplete gear 20 rotates to be not meshed with the first rack 26, the sliding plate 27 is enabled to move downwards rapidly through the spring 28, finally, the striking plate 22 is enabled to move downwards rapidly, the upper end part of the plurality of chisels is struck, a similar knocking effect is realized, and the mode can be used for replacing manual knocking;
by adopting the mode, manual drilling and knocking can be replaced, the use of manpower is reduced, and the two steps of drilling and knocking can be realized by using only one motor, so that the production cost of the device is reduced.
Example 2: referring to fig. 4 to 5, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that an ash removing cavity 36 is provided in the base 1, a water body is filled in a bottom portion of the ash removing cavity 36, a rectangular cavity 29 and a cavity 30 are provided in the housing 2, two piston plates 34 are provided in the rectangular cavity 29, two second racks 35 are fixedly connected between the two piston plates 34, tooth surfaces of the two second racks 35 are oppositely arranged, an output shaft of the second motor 7 extends into the rectangular cavity 29, and a second incomplete gear 33 is fixedly connected, and the second incomplete gear 33 is matched with the two second racks 35;
as an embodiment of the invention, the upper end of the rotary pipe 4 extends into the cavity 30, the lower end of the rotary pipe 4 extends into the ash removal cavity 36, the space on the left and right sides of the rectangular cavity 29 is communicated with the outside through the unidirectional air inlet pipe 31, the space on the left and right sides of the rectangular cavity 29 is communicated with the top space of the cavity 30 through the unidirectional air outlet pipe 32, each unidirectional air inlet pipe 31 and each unidirectional air outlet pipe 32 is internally provided with a one-way valve, the one-way valve of the unidirectional air inlet pipe 31 flows to the outside of the rectangular cavity 29, the inner one-way valve of the unidirectional air outlet pipe 32 flows to the cavity 30 to enter the rectangular cavity 29 in a one-way, the ash removal cavity 36 is internally provided with the filter plate 37, the lower end of the right side of the base 1 is fixedly connected with the transverse plate 39, the transverse plate 39 is vertically provided with a through hole, the lower end of the transverse plate 39 is fixedly connected with the hollow ring 40, the inner side of the hollow ring 40 is provided with a plurality of air inlets 41, and the hollow ring 40 is communicated with the middle space of the ash removal cavity 36 through the communicating pipe 38.
The second motor 7 also drives the second incomplete gear 33 to rotate in the rotating process, when the second incomplete gear 33 rotates to be in contact with the second rack 35 at the rear side, the second incomplete gear 33 drives the two second racks 35 and the two piston plates 34 to form an integral right movement, and when the second incomplete gear 33 rotates to be in contact with the second rack 35 at the front side, the second incomplete gear 33 drives the two second racks 35 and the two piston plates 34 to form an integral left movement, so that after the second motor 7 is started, the two piston plates 34 can reciprocate left and right;
taking the left piston plate 34 as an example, when the piston plate moves to the right, the space of the transverse plate 39, the hollow ring 40, the ash removing cavity 36, the cavity 30 and the gas flow of the left space of the rectangular cavity 29 are generated, when the piston plate moves to the left, the gas flow of the left space of the rectangular cavity 29 to the outside is generated, in the continuous working process, the continuous gas flow can be generated, dust generated by drilling or knocking can be sucked into the ash removing cavity 36 and filtered by the filter plate 37, so that the effect of reducing dust in the working environment is realized, and compared with the prior art, the safety of staff can be improved.
Example 3: referring to fig. 6-7, this embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that a plurality of guide rods 44 are vertically disposed in the ash removal chamber 36, the guide rods 44 penetrate through the filter plate 37 and are slidably connected with the filter plate 37, the filter plate 37 is slidably connected with the inner wall of the ash removal chamber 36, an elastic plate 42 with an upward arc surface is disposed at the inner bottom of the ash removal chamber 36, an electromagnet 43 is mounted at the inner top of the ash removal chamber 36, and the filter plate 37 has magnetism and is attracted to the adjacent surface of the electromagnet 43 after being electrified.
In the process of starting the second motor 7, the electromagnet 43 is synchronously started, so that the filter plate 37 moves upwards under the magnetic action, after the drilling or knocking process is finished, the electromagnet 43 is powered off, the filter plate 37 moves downwards under the gravity action after the electromagnet 43 is powered off, enters into a water body and contacts the elastic plate 42, the elastic plate 42 is extruded to bend downwards, the filter plate 37 moves upwards after being extruded to the limit position due to the inertia action, and then after shaking for many times, the filter plate 37 stops moving and finally stays on the elastic plate 42, dust adhered on the filter plate 37 can be comprehensively cleaned in the shaking process, the filter plate 37 is guaranteed to be clean, and therefore the filter plate 37 is always in a high ventilation state when being used later.
The invention also discloses a quarry stone collecting method of the gravel sand, which comprises the following steps:
firstly, moving the device to a strip-shaped ore, starting a second motor 7 to rotate positively, starting a hydraulic telescopic rod 12 on the right side to extend simultaneously, enabling a plurality of drill bits 14 to synchronously rotate and move downwards after the second motor 7 rotates positively to perform punching action, and starting the hydraulic telescopic rod 12 to shrink after punching is completed;
secondly, starting the first motor 3, enabling the shell 2 to rotate for half a circle through the first transmission part 5, exchanging the drilling mechanism and the knocking mechanism, enabling a user to insert a long-shaft chisel into the plurality of guide openings 23, enabling the majority of the lower end part of the chisel to be positioned in the drilled hole body, and enabling the upper end part of the chisel to be in contact with the lower end face of the striking plate 22;
and thirdly, starting the reverse rotation of the second motor 7, after the reverse rotation of the second motor 7, enabling the first incomplete gear 20 to rotate, after the first incomplete gear 20 rotates, when being meshed with the first rack 26, driving the sliding plate 27 to move upwards, and when the first incomplete gear 20 rotates to be not meshed with the first rack 26, enabling the sliding plate 27 to move downwards through the spring 28, finally enabling the impact plate 22 to move downwards, impacting the upper end parts of a plurality of chisels, and achieving the knocking effect.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art, who is within the scope of the present invention, should make equivalent substitutions or modifications according to the technical scheme of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof, and should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A gravel pit quarry device comprising: the hydraulic telescopic device comprises a base (1), wherein a shell (2) is arranged above the base (1), a rotating mechanism used for rotating the shell (2) is arranged at the upper end of the base (1), the rotating mechanism comprises a first motor (3) arranged at the upper end of the base (1), a rotating pipe (4) is rotatably connected to the upper end of the base (1), the upper end of the rotating pipe (4) is fixedly connected with the lower end of the shell (2), an output shaft of the first motor (3) is in transmission connection with the rotating pipe (4) through a first transmission piece (5), the first transmission piece (5) comprises two meshed first gears, the two first gears are respectively arranged on the rotating pipe (4) and an output shaft of the first motor (3), a rotating assembly (6) is arranged between the upper end of the base (1) and the lower end of the shell (2), horizontal mounting strips (9) are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the base (1), the lower ends of the two horizontal mounting strips (9) are respectively provided with a telescopic connecting plate (12), and the two telescopic rods (12) are respectively fixedly connected with a telescopic connecting plate (13);
the drilling mechanism is positioned below the connecting plate (13) on the right side;
the knocking mechanism is positioned below the connecting plate (13) at the left side;
the drilling mechanism comprises a plurality of drill bits (14) rotatably connected to the lower end of the right connecting plate (13), each two adjacent drill bits (14) are in transmission connection through a third transmission piece (15), each third transmission piece (15) comprises two first belt pulleys, the two first belt pulleys are in transmission connection through a first belt, and the two first belt pulleys are respectively arranged on the corresponding drill bits (14);
the knocking mechanism comprises a rectangular box (21) fixedly connected to the lower end of the left connecting plate (13), a sliding plate (27) capable of sliding up and down is arranged in the rectangular box (21), the upper end of the sliding plate (27) is elastically connected with the inner top of the rectangular box (21) through a spring (28), and the lower end of the sliding plate (27) is fixedly connected with a first rack (26);
a rotating shaft (25) is rotationally connected between the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the rectangular box (21), a first incomplete gear (20) is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft (25), the first incomplete gear (20) is matched with a first rack (26), the lower end of the first rack (26) is fixedly connected with an impact plate (22), a plurality of guide ports (23) are fixedly connected to the inner bottom of the rectangular box (21), and a placement port is formed in the front side of the inner bottom space of the rectangular box (21);
the sand gravel material yard quarrying device further comprises a driving mechanism, wherein the driving mechanism comprises a second motor (7) arranged at the upper end of a shell (2), first rotating rods (10) are arranged at the upper ends of two horizontal mounting bars (9) in a penetrating mode, each first rotating rod (10) is connected with the corresponding horizontal mounting bar (9) in a rotating mode, an L-shaped mounting frame (17) is fixedly connected to the upper end of each connecting plate (13), a second rotating rod (18) is arranged at the upper end of each L-shaped mounting frame (17) in a penetrating mode, each second rotating rod (18) is connected with the corresponding L-shaped mounting frame (17) in a rotating mode, a strip-shaped cavity (11) is arranged in each first rotating rod (10), the upper end of each second rotating rod (18) extends into the corresponding strip-shaped cavity (11) and is fixedly connected with a rectangular sliding block (19), and each rectangular sliding block (19) is connected with the inner wall of the corresponding strip-shaped cavity (11) in a sliding mode;
the output shaft of the second motor (7) is in transmission connection with the upper ends of the two first rotating rods (10) through two second transmission pieces (8), the second transmission pieces (8) comprise two second belt pulleys, the two second belt pulleys are in transmission connection through a second belt, the two second belt pulleys are respectively arranged on the output shaft of the second motor (7) and the first rotating rods (10), one of the drill bits (14) is in transmission connection with the right second rotating rod (18) through a fourth transmission piece (16), the fourth transmission piece (16) comprises two meshed second gears, the two second gears are respectively arranged on the two second rotating rods (18), the right end of the rotating shaft (25) is in transmission connection with the left second rotating rod (18) through a fifth transmission piece (24), and the two transmission bevel gears are respectively arranged on the right end of the rotating shaft (25) and the left second rotating rod (18) through a fifth transmission piece (24); the two second belt pulleys are connected with the corresponding output shafts of the first rotating rod (10) and the second motor (7) through unidirectional bearings;
an ash removing cavity (36) is formed in the base (1), a rectangular cavity (29) and a cavity (30) are formed in the shell (2), two piston plates (34) are arranged in the rectangular cavity (29), two second racks (35) are fixedly connected between the two piston plates (34), tooth surfaces of the two second racks (35) are oppositely arranged, an output shaft of the second motor (7) extends into the rectangular cavity (29), a second incomplete gear (33) is fixedly connected, and the second incomplete gear (33) is matched with the two second racks (35);
the upper end of the rotating pipe (4) extends into the cavity (30), the lower end of the rotating pipe (4) extends into the ash removing cavity (36), the left side space and the right side space of the rectangular cavity (29) are all communicated with the outside through the unidirectional air inlet pipe (31), the left side space and the right side space of the rectangular cavity (29) are all communicated with the top space of the cavity (30) through the unidirectional air outlet pipe (32), one-way valves are arranged in each unidirectional air inlet pipe (31) and the unidirectional air outlet pipe (32), a filter plate (37) is arranged in the ash removing cavity (36), a transverse plate (39) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the right side of the base (1), a through hole is vertically formed in the transverse plate (39), the lower end of the transverse plate (39) is fixedly connected with a hollow ring (40), a plurality of air suction ports (41) are formed in the inner side of the hollow ring (40), and the middle space of the ash removing cavity (36) is communicated through a communicating pipe (38);
the method for using the quarry device of the gravel sand storage yard comprises the following steps:
firstly, moving the device to a strip-shaped ore, starting a second motor (7) to rotate positively, starting a hydraulic telescopic rod (12) on the right side to extend simultaneously, enabling a plurality of drill bits (14) to synchronously rotate and move downwards after the second motor (7) rotates positively, performing punching action, and starting the hydraulic telescopic rod (12) to shrink after punching is completed;
secondly, starting the first motor (3), enabling the shell (2) to rotate for half a circle through the first transmission part (5), exchanging the drilling mechanism and the knocking mechanism, enabling a user to insert a long-shaft chisel into a plurality of guide openings (23), enabling the majority of the lower end part of the chisel to be positioned in a drilled hole body, and enabling the upper end part of the chisel to be in contact with the lower end face of the striking plate (22); and thirdly, starting the reverse rotation of the second motor (7), after the reverse rotation of the second motor (7), enabling the first incomplete gear (20) to rotate, after the first incomplete gear (20) rotates, driving the sliding plate (27) to move upwards when being meshed with the first rack (26), enabling the sliding plate (27) to move downwards through the spring (28) when the first incomplete gear (20) rotates to be not meshed with the first rack (26), finally enabling the impact plate (22) to move downwards, impacting the upper end parts of a plurality of chisels, and achieving the knocking effect.
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