CN115367581B - Elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment - Google Patents

Elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115367581B
CN115367581B CN202211141461.1A CN202211141461A CN115367581B CN 115367581 B CN115367581 B CN 115367581B CN 202211141461 A CN202211141461 A CN 202211141461A CN 115367581 B CN115367581 B CN 115367581B
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elevator
module
central processing
processing module
information
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CN115367581A (en
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刘阳
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Qilu University of Technology
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Qilu University of Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • B66B5/0018Devices monitoring the operating condition of the elevator system
    • B66B5/0031Devices monitoring the operating condition of the elevator system for safety reasons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/04Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed
    • B66B5/06Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed electrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/282Structure thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/284Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips mounted on cars or counterweights
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B50/00Energy efficient technologies in elevators, escalators and moving walkways, e.g. energy saving or recuperation technologies

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  • Indicating And Signalling Devices For Elevators (AREA)
  • Maintenance And Inspection Apparatuses For Elevators (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment, which belongs to the field of elevator monitoring and is used for solving the problem that an elevator can not be detected and maintained in time when in use.

Description

Elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of elevators, relates to a dynamic monitoring technology, and particularly relates to an elevator remote monitoring platform based on an intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment.
Background
The internet of things refers to collecting any object or process needing to be monitored, connected and interacted in real time through various devices and technologies such as various information sensors, radio frequency identification technologies, global positioning systems, infrared sensors and laser scanners, collecting various needed information such as sound, light, heat, electricity, mechanics, chemistry, biology and positions of the object or the process, and realizing ubiquitous connection of the object and people through various possible network access, thereby realizing intelligent sensing, identification and management of the object and the process;
the internet of things is an information carrier based on the internet, a traditional telecommunication network and the like, so that all common physical objects which can be independently addressed form an interconnection network, the elevator is permanent transportation equipment which serves a plurality of specific floors in a building and runs on at least two rows of rigid rail motion vertical to a horizontal plane or inclined at an angle smaller than 15 DEG with a plumb line;
in the prior art, when an elevator is used, an internal monitoring system is incomplete, and when potential safety hazards occur, safety feedback cannot be effectively carried out in real time, timely protection is carried out, and intelligent monitoring can not be carried out on the elevator based on the Internet of things;
therefore, we propose an elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent internet of things and embedded equipment.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects existing in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an elevator remote monitoring platform based on the intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are as follows:
(1) When the elevator is used, the prior art can not remotely monitor the elevator based on the Internet of things;
(2) The problem that in the prior art, when an elevator is used, the internal condition of the elevator cannot be detected and maintained in time.
The aim of the invention can be achieved by the following technical scheme:
the elevator remote monitoring platform based on the intelligent Internet of things and embedded equipment comprises a monitoring system and a remote monitoring system, wherein the remote monitoring system comprises a central processing module, a data receiving module and an abnormality analysis module, the monitoring system is embedded in an elevator, the monitoring system monitors elevator operation information and transmits operation information data to the data receiving module, the data receiving module transmits the received operation information to the abnormality analysis module, and the abnormality analysis module is used for carrying out abnormality analysis on the operation state of the elevator.
The monitoring system detects the running speed, the whole weight, the internal image, the inclination angle and the position information in the running process of the elevator, the detected running information is transmitted to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the storage module to store the running information.
Further, the monitoring system comprises a speed detection module and an elevator emergency brake module, wherein the speed detection module detects the rising speed and the falling speed of the elevator, a first speed threshold value, a second speed threshold value, a third speed threshold value and a fourth speed threshold value are set according to the running speed of the elevator, the first speed threshold value is set to be within the range of (1.2, 2.0) m/s, setting the second speed threshold range between (0, 1.2) m/s, setting the third speed threshold range between (2.0, 5) m/s, setting the fourth speed threshold range between (5, ++m/s), the speed detection module is used for conveying the elevator speed value to the data receiving module, the data receiving module is used for conveying the elevator speed value to the abnormality analysis module, and the abnormality analysis module is used for carrying out data analysis according to the received elevator speed value.
Further, the system also comprises a maintenance module, wherein the central processing module is connected with the maintenance module, and the data analysis process of the abnormality analysis module is specifically as follows:
the abnormality analysis module receives that the elevator speed value is between the first speed threshold values, and judges that the elevator running speed is normal;
when the elevator speed value is between the second speed threshold value or the third speed threshold value, the abnormality analysis module judges that the elevator running speed is abnormal and generates a first abnormality signal, the first abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the elevator to stop at the initial running position, the elevator is closed, a maintenance instruction is sent out, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module sends maintenance information to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance;
when the elevator speed value is between the fourth speed threshold value, the abnormality analysis module judges that the elevator running speed is abnormal and generates a second abnormality signal, the second abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the elevator emergency braking module to conduct emergency braking on the elevator according to the received second abnormality signal.
Further, the elevator emergency braking module comprises a buffer unit and an emergency braking unit, the elevator emergency braking module is in data connection with a position feedback module, the position feedback module is arranged on the elevator car, when the central processing module receives abnormal information between fourth speed thresholds, the position feedback module transmits the position information to the central processing module, the central processing module receives the position information of the elevator car in the elevator, when the floor height of the position information is between 1-3 layers, the central processing module controls the buffer unit to buffer the elevator car when the elevator car descends, and when the floor height is greater than 3 layers, the central processing module controls the emergency braking unit to lock the elevator car.
Further, emergency braking unit sets up in elevator car top and is close to car guide rail department, buffer unit sets up in car bottom, emergency braking unit includes stiff end, link and locking end, and the locking end sets up on car guide rail, and slide from top to bottom along car guide rail, and the stiff end is fixed on the car, and the stiff end passes through the link and links to each other with the locking end, the link is the wire stay cord, the locking end includes carriage, movable fixture block and pushing motor, and the carriage is installed on car guide rail, with car guide rail sliding connection, installs on the carriage and can follow its inside gliding movable fixture block, movable fixture block one end sets up in car guide rail one side, and the other end links to each other with the pushing motor of installing on the carriage, and buffer unit has buffer air bag, receive and releases frame and pump, and receive and release frame inside is hollow structure, and buffer air bag and the pump of installing in receive and release frame one side link to each other, is provided with the check valve between pump and the buffer air bag.
Further, the monitoring system comprises a weight measurement module and an image recording module, wherein the weight measurement module is used for measuring the weight of the elevator and weight information in the operation process of the elevator, the weight information is transmitted to a data receiving module, the data receiving module is used for transmitting the weight information to a central processing module, the central processing module is used for judging whether the received weight information is greater than the weight of the elevator, if the weight information is greater than the weight of the elevator, the elevator is proved to be occupied, the central processing module is used for controlling the image recording module to record images, and the central processing module is used for controlling a storage module to store the recorded information; if the weight information is equal to the elevator weight, no person is proved to take.
Further, the monitoring system further comprises an inclination monitoring module which is in data connection with the data receiving module, the inclination monitoring module measures the inclination angle of the elevator when the elevator inner car moves, the inclination angle is conveyed to the abnormal analysis module through the data conveying module, the abnormal analysis module analyzes the inclination angle of the elevator, analysis information is conveyed to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the image recording module to observe the image information in the elevator.
Further, the elevator control system further comprises a maintenance module, the central processing module is connected with the maintenance module, a first inclination threshold value, a second inclination threshold value and a third inclination threshold value are set through inclination angles, a first inclination threshold value interval is set at (0, 5), a second inclination threshold value interval is set at (5, 20), a third inclination threshold value is (20, 90), the elevator inclination angles are subjected to abnormal analysis according to the set inclination angle threshold value interval, and the abnormal analysis module is used for carrying out the analysis process on the elevator inclination angles as follows:
the abnormal analysis module receives that the inclination angle is in a first inclination threshold value interval, and judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is in a normal range;
the method comprises the steps that an abnormal analysis module receives an inclination angle in a second inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of an elevator is abnormal and generates a slight inclination abnormal signal, the abnormal analysis module transmits the slight inclination abnormal signal to a central processing module, the central processing module controls an image recording module to observe the placement condition of a person station or goods in the elevator, if the person or the goods are concentrated and gathered, the inclination angle of the elevator is judged to be in a normal range, the central processing module controls the image recording module in the elevator to carry out voice warning, a passenger in the elevator is reminded to carry out station adjustment, the goods are placed and adjusted, if the person or the goods are not gathered, the inclination angle of the elevator is judged to be in an abnormal range, the elevator can normally operate, the central processing module records the abnormal information, meanwhile, controls angle change information in 1h after information recording of an inclination monitoring module, if the inclination angle change is in the second inclination threshold interval, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to a maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform the maintenance personnel to carry out elevator maintenance.
The abnormality analysis module receives the inclination angle in a third inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is abnormal and generates a serious inclination abnormal signal, the inclination angle is outside an abnormal range, the elevator can not normally operate, the serious inclination abnormal signal is transmitted to the central processing module by the abnormality analysis module, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance.
Further, the image recording module comprises a voice playing unit, an input unit and a shooting unit, wherein the input unit is used for inputting image information and voice information in the elevator, the input image information and voice information are transmitted to the central processing module, the shooting unit receives a control instruction of the central processing module to observe the distribution information of passengers in the elevator, the phenomenon that the aggregation angle of the passengers is deviated occurs, and the central processing module controls the voice playing unit to broadcast information.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the elevator is used, the inclination condition in the elevator car and the running speed of the elevator can be detected in real time, when potential safety hazards occur, the problems existing in the elevator can be intelligently fed back, the elevator can be timely maintained, when the elevator suddenly descends, the elevator can be timely locked, and the safety of the elevator in the running process is improved;
2. when the elevator car in the elevator deviates, the invention can analyze various reasons according to the deviation angle of the elevator car, and judge and maintain the elevator according to the analyzed reasons.
Drawings
The present invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings for the convenience of understanding by those skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is an overall system block diagram of an elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent internet of things and embedded equipment of the invention;
fig. 2 is a system block diagram of a central processing module and an image recording module in an elevator remote monitoring platform based on the intelligent internet of things and embedded equipment.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be clearly and completely described in connection with the embodiments, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
In an embodiment, please refer to fig. 1 and 2, an elevator remote monitoring platform based on intelligent internet of things and embedded equipment comprises a monitoring system and a remote monitoring system, wherein the remote monitoring system comprises a central processing module, a data receiving module and an anomaly analysis module, the monitoring system is embedded in an elevator, monitors elevator operation information, transmits operation information data to the data receiving module, the data receiving module transmits the received operation information to the anomaly analysis module, the anomaly analysis module is used for carrying out anomaly analysis on the operation state of the elevator, the monitoring system detects operation speed, overall weight, internal images, inclination angle and position information in the operation process of the elevator, the detected operation information is transmitted to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls a storage module to store the operation information.
The monitoring system comprises a speed detection module and an elevator emergency braking module, wherein the speed detection module detects the rising speed and the falling speed of an elevator to obtain elevator speed values in the rising and falling processes of the elevator, a first speed threshold value, a second speed threshold value, a third speed threshold value and a fourth speed threshold value are set according to the running speed of the elevator, the first speed threshold value is set to be between (1.2 and 2.0) m/s, the second speed threshold value is set to be between (0 and 1.2) m/s, the third speed threshold value is set to be between (2.0 and 5) m/s, the fourth speed threshold value is set to be (5) m/s, the speed detection module transmits the elevator speed values to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module transmits the elevator speed values to the abnormality analysis module for data analysis according to the received elevator speed values.
The central processing module is connected with the maintenance module, and the data analysis process of the abnormality analysis module is specifically as follows:
the abnormality analysis module receives that the elevator speed value is between the first speed threshold values, and judges that the elevator running speed is normal;
when the elevator speed value is between the second speed threshold value or the third speed threshold value, the abnormality analysis module judges that the elevator running speed is abnormal and generates a first abnormality signal, the first abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the elevator to stop at the initial running position, the elevator is closed, a maintenance instruction is sent out, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module sends maintenance information to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance;
when the elevator speed value is between the fourth speed threshold value, the abnormality analysis module judges that the elevator running speed is abnormal and generates a second abnormality signal, the second abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the elevator emergency braking module to carry out emergency braking on the elevator according to the received second abnormality signal;
it should be noted that the degree of urgency of the second abnormality signal is greater than the degree of urgency of the first abnormality signal.
The elevator emergency braking module comprises a buffer unit and an emergency braking unit, the elevator emergency braking module is in data connection with a position feedback module, the position feedback module is arranged on the elevator car, when the central processing module receives abnormal information and is between fourth speed thresholds, the position feedback module transmits the position information to the central processing module, the central processing module receives the position information of the elevator car in the elevator, when the floor height of the position information is between 1 and 3 layers, the floor spacing is between 2.8 and 3.3m, the central processing module controls the buffer unit to buffer the elevator car when the elevator car descends, and when the floor height is greater than 3 layers, the central processing module controls the emergency braking unit to lock the elevator car.
The emergency braking unit is arranged at the top of the elevator car and is close to the car guide rail, the buffer unit is arranged at the bottom of the elevator car and comprises a fixed end, a connecting end and a locking end, the locking end is arranged on the car guide rail and slides up and down along the car guide rail, the fixed end is fixed on the elevator car and connected with the locking end through the connecting end, the connecting end is a steel wire pull rope, the locking end comprises a sliding frame, a movable clamping block and a pushing motor, the sliding frame is arranged on the car guide rail and is in sliding connection with the car guide rail, the movable clamping block capable of sliding along the inside of the sliding frame is arranged on the sliding frame, one end of the movable clamping block is arranged on one side of the car guide rail, the other end of the movable clamping block is connected with the pushing motor arranged on the sliding frame, the buffer unit is provided with a buffer air bag, a retraction frame and an inflating pump, the retraction frame is arranged at four corners of the bottom of the elevator car, the retraction frame is of a hollow structure, the buffer air bag is arranged inside the retraction frame and is connected with the inflating pump arranged on one side of the retraction frame, and a one-way valve is arranged between the inflating pump and the inflating pump.
When the emergency braking unit is used for emergency braking, the central processing module controls the pushing motor to work, the pushing motor pushes the movable clamping block to slide along the sliding frame, the sliding clamping block is tightly attached to the car guide rail and clamped, the insertion holes are formed in the position of the car at intervals of 100cm, the sliding clamping block is clamped into the insertion holes to tightly brake the car, the buffer unit is used for controlling the air pump to work, the air pump is used for inflating the buffer air bag through the one-way valve, and the buffer air bag is inflated to buffer the car when the car descends.
In another embodiment, the monitoring system comprises a weight measurement module and an image recording module, wherein the weight measurement module is used for measuring the weight of the elevator and the weight information in the operation process of the elevator, the weight information is transmitted to the data receiving module, the data receiving module is used for transmitting the weight information to the central processing module, the central processing module is used for judging whether the received weight information is greater than the weight of the elevator, if the weight information is greater than the weight of the elevator, the elevator is proved to have a person to take, the central processing module is used for controlling the image recording module to record the image, and the central processing module is used for controlling the storage module to store the recorded information; if the weight information is equal to the elevator weight, no person is proved to take.
The image recording module comprises a voice playing unit, an input unit and a shooting unit, wherein the input unit is used for inputting image information and voice information in the elevator, the input image information and voice information are conveyed to the central processing module, the shooting unit receives a control instruction of the central processing module to observe the distribution information of passengers in the elevator, the phenomenon that the aggregation angle of the passengers is deviated occurs, and the central processing module controls the voice playing unit to conduct information broadcasting.
Setting the weight of the elevator as Dg and setting the weight information as ZLg; if ZLg-Dg is more than 0, the elevator is proved to take, the central processing module controls the input unit to input images, the storage space of the storage module is reduced, and if ZLg-dg=0, the elevator is proved to take.
In another embodiment, the monitoring system further comprises a tilt monitoring module, the tilt monitoring module is in data connection with the data receiving module, the tilt monitoring module measures the tilt angle of the elevator when the elevator car moves, the tilt angle is transmitted to the anomaly analysis module through the data transmission module, the anomaly analysis module analyzes the tilt angle of the elevator, the tilt normal signal, the slight tilt anomaly signal or the serious tilt anomaly signal are transmitted to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the image recording module to observe the image information in the elevator, a first tilt threshold value, a second tilt threshold value and a third tilt threshold value are set through the tilt angle, the first tilt threshold value interval is set at (0, 5), the second tilt threshold value interval is set at (5, 20), and the third tilt threshold value is (20, 90), and the anomaly analysis is carried out on the tilt angle of the elevator according to the set tilt angle threshold value interval.
The inclination angle analysis process of the abnormality analysis module to the elevator is as follows:
the abnormal analysis module receives that the inclination angle is in a first inclination threshold value interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is in a normal range and generates an inclination normal signal;
the abnormal analysis module receives the inclination angle in a second inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is abnormal and generates a slight inclination abnormal signal, the abnormal analysis module transmits the slight inclination abnormal signal to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the image recording module to observe the placement condition of personnel stations or cargoes in the elevator, if the personnel or cargoes are concentrated and gathered, the inclination angle of the elevator is judged to be in a normal range, the central processing module controls the image recording module in the elevator to carry out voice warning, passengers in the elevator are reminded to carry out station adjustment, the cargoes are placed and adjusted, if the personnel or cargoes are not gathered, the inclination angle of the elevator is judged to be in an abnormal range, the elevator can normally run, the central processing module records the abnormal information, meanwhile, the central processing module controls the angle change information in 1h time after the information recording of the inclination monitoring module, if the inclination angle change is in the second inclination threshold interval, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to notify the maintenance personnel to carry out elevator maintenance.
The abnormality analysis module receives the inclination angle in a third inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is abnormal and generates a serious inclination abnormal signal, the inclination angle is outside an abnormal range, the elevator can not normally operate, the serious inclination abnormal signal is transmitted to the central processing module by the abnormality analysis module, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance.
When the elevator is in operation, a speed detection module detects the ascending speed and the descending speed of the elevator, the speed detection module conveys the elevator speed value to a data receiving module, the data receiving module conveys the elevator speed value to an abnormality analysis module, the abnormality analysis module analyzes the data according to the received elevator speed value, when the elevator speed value is received between a first speed threshold value through the abnormality analysis module, the elevator operation speed is judged to be normal, when the elevator speed value is received between a second speed threshold value or a third speed threshold value through the abnormality analysis module, the elevator operation speed is judged to be abnormal and a first abnormality signal is generated, the first abnormality signal is conveyed to a central processing module, the central processing module controls the elevator to stop at an operation initial position, closes the elevator, sends a maintenance instruction, loads the maintenance instruction to a maintenance module, the maintenance module sends maintenance information to inform the maintenance personnel of elevator maintenance, when the elevator speed value is received between a fourth speed threshold value through the abnormality analysis module, the elevator operation speed is judged to be abnormal and a second abnormality signal is generated, the elevator operation speed is judged to be abnormal and the second abnormality signal is conveyed to the central processing module to an emergency brake module for emergency brake according to the emergency brake information.
When an elevator passenger enters the elevator to take an elevator, the inclination monitoring module measures the inclination angle of the elevator when the elevator moves in the elevator, the inclination angle is transmitted to the abnormal analysis module through the data transmission module, the abnormal analysis module analyzes the inclination angle of the elevator and transmits analysis information to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the image recording module to observe image information in the elevator, the central processing module is connected with the maintenance module, the abnormal analysis module respectively judges when the received inclination angle is in a first inclination threshold interval, a second inclination threshold interval, a third inclination threshold interval or a fourth inclination threshold interval, the abnormal analysis module receives the inclination angle in the first inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is in a normal range, the elevator inclination angle is abnormal and generates a slight inclination abnormal signal, the abnormal analysis module transmits the abnormal information to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the image recording module to observe the arrangement condition of personnel or goods in the elevator, if the personnel or goods are concentrated, the central processing module judges that the inclination angle is in the normal range, the central processing module controls the elevator to record the image recording module to record the information in the elevator, and the abnormal condition when the elevator is not in the normal range, the elevator passenger is not in the voice position or the elevator is recorded, and the abnormal condition is recorded when the elevator is in the normal range, the elevator is not in the normal range, the voice information is recorded by the control module, and the elevator is adjusted in the normal condition, if the change of the inclination angle is in the second inclination threshold value interval, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance, the abnormality analysis module receives the inclination angle in the third inclination threshold value interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is abnormal and generates a serious inclination abnormality signal, the inclination angle is out of the abnormality range, the serious inclination abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module through the abnormality analysis module, the central processing module sends the maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform the maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance.
The above formulas are all formulas for removing dimensions and taking numerical calculation, the formulas are formulas for obtaining the latest real situation by acquiring a large amount of data and performing software simulation, preset parameters in the formulas are set by a person skilled in the art according to the actual situation, the sizes of the weight coefficient and the scale coefficient are specific numerical values obtained by quantizing each parameter, the subsequent comparison is convenient, and the proportional relation between the weight coefficient and the scale coefficient is not influenced as long as the proportional relation between the parameter and the quantized numerical values is not influenced.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended only to assist in the explanation of the invention. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best understand and utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and the full scope and equivalents thereof.

Claims (1)

1. The elevator remote monitoring platform based on the intelligent Internet of things and the embedded equipment is characterized by comprising a monitoring system and a remote monitoring system, wherein the remote monitoring system comprises a central processing module, a data receiving module and an abnormality analysis module, the monitoring system is embedded in an elevator, the monitoring system monitors elevator operation information and transmits operation information data to the data receiving module, the data receiving module transmits the received operation information to the abnormality analysis module, and the abnormality analysis module is used for carrying out abnormality analysis on the operation state of the elevator;
the monitoring system detects the running speed, the whole weight, the internal image, the inclination angle and the position information in the running process of the elevator, the detected running information is transmitted to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the storage module to store the running information;
the monitoring system comprises a speed detection module and an elevator emergency braking module, wherein the speed detection module detects the rising speed and the falling speed of an elevator, a first speed threshold value, a second speed threshold value, a third speed threshold value and a fourth speed threshold value are set according to the running speed of the elevator, the range of the first speed threshold value is set to be between (1.2 and 2.0) m/s, the range of the second speed threshold value is set to be between (0 and 1.2) m/s, the range of the third speed threshold value is set to be between (2.0 and 5) m/s, the range of the fourth speed threshold value is set to be (5) m/s, the speed detection module transmits the speed value of the elevator to the data receiving module, and the data receiving module transmits the speed value of the elevator to the abnormality analysis module for data analysis according to the received speed value of the elevator;
the system also comprises a maintenance module, wherein the central processing module is connected with the maintenance module, and the data analysis process of the abnormality analysis module is specifically as follows:
the abnormality analysis module receives that the elevator speed value is between the first speed threshold values, and judges that the elevator running speed is normal;
when the elevator speed value is between the second speed threshold value or the third speed threshold value, the abnormality analysis module judges that the elevator running speed is abnormal and generates a first abnormality signal, the first abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module, the central processing module controls the elevator to stop at the initial running position, the elevator is closed, a maintenance instruction is sent out, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module sends maintenance information to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance;
when the elevator speed value is between the fourth speed threshold value, the abnormality analysis module judges that the elevator running speed is abnormal and generates a second abnormality signal, the second abnormality signal is transmitted to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the elevator emergency braking module to carry out emergency braking on the elevator according to the received second abnormality signal;
the elevator emergency braking module comprises a buffer unit and an emergency braking unit, the elevator emergency braking module is connected with a position feedback module in data, the position feedback module is arranged on the elevator car, when the central processing module receives abnormal information and is between a fourth speed threshold value, the position feedback module transmits the position information to the central processing module, the central processing module receives the position information of the elevator car in the elevator, when the floor height of the position information is between 1-3 layers, the central processing module controls the buffer unit to buffer the elevator car when the elevator car descends, and when the floor height is greater than 3 layers, the central processing module controls the emergency braking unit to lock the elevator car;
the monitoring system comprises a weight measurement module and an image recording module, wherein the weight measurement module is used for measuring the weight of the elevator and weight information in the running process of the elevator, the weight information is transmitted to a data receiving module, the data receiving module is used for transmitting the weight information to a central processing module, the central processing module is used for judging whether the received weight information is greater than the weight of the elevator, if the weight information is greater than the weight of the elevator, the elevator is proved to have a person to take, the central processing module is used for controlling the image recording module to record images, and the central processing module is used for controlling a storage module to store the recorded information; if the weight information is equal to the weight of the elevator, proving that no person takes the elevator;
the monitoring system further comprises an inclination monitoring module, the inclination monitoring module is in data connection with the data receiving module, the inclination monitoring module measures the inclination angle of the elevator when the elevator car in the elevator moves, the inclination angle is transmitted to the abnormal analysis module through the data transmission module, the abnormal analysis module analyzes the inclination angle of the elevator and transmits analysis information to the central processing module, and the central processing module controls the image recording module to observe the image information in the elevator;
the elevator control system comprises a central processing module, a maintenance module, a first inclination threshold, a second inclination threshold and a third inclination threshold are set through inclination angles, the elevator inclination angles are subjected to abnormal analysis according to the set inclination angle threshold intervals, and the abnormal analysis module is used for analyzing the elevator inclination angles as follows:
the abnormal analysis module receives that the inclination angle is in a first inclination threshold value interval, and judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is in a normal range;
the method comprises the steps that an abnormal analysis module receives an inclination angle in a second inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of an elevator is abnormal and generates a slight inclination abnormal signal, the abnormal analysis module transmits the slight inclination abnormal signal to a central processing module, the central processing module controls an image recording module to observe the placement condition of a person station or goods in the elevator, if the person or the goods are concentrated and gathered, the inclination angle of the elevator is judged to be in a normal range, the central processing module controls the image recording module in the elevator to carry out voice warning, a passenger in the elevator is reminded to carry out station adjustment, the goods are placed and adjusted, if the person or the goods are not gathered, the inclination angle of the elevator is judged to be in an abnormal range, the elevator can normally operate, the central processing module records the abnormal information, meanwhile, controls angle change information in 1h after information recording of an inclination monitoring module, if the inclination angle change is in the second inclination threshold interval, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to a maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform the maintenance personnel to carry out elevator maintenance.
The abnormal analysis module receives the inclination angle in a third inclination threshold interval, judges that the inclination angle of the elevator is abnormal and generates a serious inclination abnormal signal, the inclination angle is outside an abnormal range, the elevator can not normally operate, the abnormal analysis module transmits the serious inclination abnormal signal to the central processing module, the central processing module sends a maintenance instruction, the maintenance instruction is loaded to the maintenance module, and the maintenance module receives the maintenance instruction to inform maintenance personnel of carrying out elevator maintenance;
the image recording module comprises a voice playing unit, an input unit and a shooting unit, wherein the input unit is used for inputting image information and voice information in the elevator, the input image information and voice information are transmitted to the central processing module, the shooting unit receives a control instruction of the central processing module to observe the distribution information of passengers in the elevator, the phenomenon that the aggregation of the passengers is offset in angle occurs, and the central processing module controls the voice playing unit to broadcast information.
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