CN115214178A - Device and method for treating waste residues after traditional Chinese medicine extraction - Google Patents

Device and method for treating waste residues after traditional Chinese medicine extraction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115214178A
CN115214178A CN202210899871.6A CN202210899871A CN115214178A CN 115214178 A CN115214178 A CN 115214178A CN 202210899871 A CN202210899871 A CN 202210899871A CN 115214178 A CN115214178 A CN 115214178A
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China
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fixedly arranged
plate
shaft
traditional chinese
medicine
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CN202210899871.6A
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CN115214178B (en
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李先娜
鞠爱霞
李万瑜
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Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine
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Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/04Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams
    • B30B9/06Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams co-operating with permeable casings or strainers
    • B30B9/067Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams co-operating with permeable casings or strainers with a retractable abutment member closing one end of the press chamber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/02Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Accommodation For Nursing Or Treatment Tables (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of drug treatment, in particular to a residue waste treatment device after traditional Chinese medicine extraction, which comprises a box body, a control bin, a rotary table assembly, a lifting extrusion assembly and a driving assembly, wherein the top and the bottom of the box body are respectively provided with a feed inlet and a discharge outlet, an annular screen plate is fixedly arranged in the control bin, the rotary table assembly comprises a wheel disc and a plurality of drug containers, the lifting extrusion assembly comprises a lifting arm, a manual extruder and a limiting block, the driving assembly comprises a driving shaft, a rotating shaft and a one-way driver, a gear is fixedly connected onto the driving shaft, a rack is arranged beside the gear, and a water squeezing plate is fixedly arranged at the output end of a manual extrusion mechanism.

Description

Device and method for treating waste residues generated after extraction of traditional Chinese medicines
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medicine treatment, in particular to a device and a method for treating waste residues after traditional Chinese medicine extraction.
Background
After the traditional Chinese medicine is extracted, a certain amount of effective components are still left in the residual residues; for example, after the astragalus membranaceus is subjected to water extraction or percolation, a large amount of astragalus saponin and isoflavone components still exist in residues of the astragalus membranaceus and are not extracted; after the walnut is decocted, the oil and fat components of the walnut are still preserved in the residue, and considerable walnut oil can be fried after the walnut residue is dried.
In order to achieve the purpose of efficiently utilizing Chinese medicine resources and promoting the deep development and utilization of Chinese medicine resources, researches on the reutilization of Chinese medicine residues are also carried out in a laboratory. Therefore, some medicine residues are collected regularly for follow-up research, and the temporary storage of the medicine residues also needs to be kept dry, otherwise the medicine residues can deteriorate, even become mildewed and rot, so that the recovery value of the medicine residues is lost; in addition, since the space in the laboratory is limited, it is not practical to specially equip a special herb residue dehydration device with a large volume, so that a small herb residue treatment device with a small occupied space and a reliable and durable structure needs to be designed to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a device and a method for disposing the residue after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine, aiming at the problems in the prior art.
In order to solve the problems of the prior art, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a traditional chinese medicine draws back residue abandonment processing apparatus, includes:
the box body is circular, and the top and the bottom of the box body are respectively provided with a feed inlet and a discharge outlet which are symmetrically distributed;
the control bin is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body, and an annular screen plate is fixedly arranged in the control bin;
the rotary disc assembly is arranged in the box body and comprises a rotary disc and a plurality of medicine containers which are distributed outside the rotary disc at equal angles along the circumferential direction of the rotary disc, the top of each medicine container is of an open structure and used for containing traditional Chinese medicine residues, the bottom of each medicine container is of a net shape, each medicine container is positioned on the annular net plate, the rotary disc is provided with a plurality of supporting arms connected with the medicine containers, and the two medicine containers correspond to the feed port and the discharge port respectively;
the lifting extrusion assembly comprises a lifting arm vertically arranged outside the control bin, a manual extruder fixedly arranged at the lower end of the lifting arm and a limiting block arranged below the lifting arm, the lifting arm is positioned right above the feed port, the manual extruder is provided with an output end capable of vertically and downwardly penetrating through the feed port through manual pressing, and the limiting block is used for limiting the descending of the lifting arm;
drive assembly, including the drive shaft, pivot and one-way driver, the center department of rim plate is located in the pivot, a rotation for driving the rim plate, the top of rim plate is located to the drive shaft, the gear has been linked firmly in the drive shaft, the side of gear is equipped with and is vertical and the rack that links firmly with the lifing arm top, the gear meshes with the rack mutually, fixed being equipped with one on the output of manual extrusion mechanism can stretch into the crowded water board to the medical ware in that corresponds, one-way driver locates in the drive shaft, the transmission links to each other between one-way driver and the pivot, thereby one-way driver is used for driving the moment of torsion transmission of drive shaft to pivot drive rim plate unidirectional rotation.
Further, the control storehouse is the rectangle, its one side is towards the feed inlet, the one side shaping of control storehouse towards the feed inlet has two to be the slide that leads of symmetric state, every leads the slide and is vertical state, the rack slides and locates between two slides, set up one on the control storehouse and be located two vertical logical grooves of leading between the slide, the drive shaft is the level and locates in the control storehouse, the both ends of drive shaft are the hub connection with two inner walls in control storehouse respectively, the coaxial fixed gear of locating on the drive shaft and the gear pass vertical logical groove and mesh mutually with the rack, the stopper is fixed to be located on the lateral wall of control storehouse towards the feed inlet, and be located the lifing arm bottom under.
Further, the pivot is vertical and locates in the box, and the lower extreme of pivot and the diapire looks hub connection in the box, and the top of box is upwards worn out and is stretched into to the control storehouse to the upper end of pivot, and the middle part of pivot is located to the coaxial fixed of rim plate.
Further, the driving assembly further comprises:
the first bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly arranged at the top of the rotating shaft;
the connecting shaft is in a horizontal state and is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body through two shaft seats;
two symmetrical second bevel gears are coaxially and fixedly arranged at two ends of the connecting shaft respectively, and one second bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear;
the driven shaft is arranged right below the driving shaft in parallel with the driving shaft, and two ends of the driven shaft are respectively in shaft connection with the two inner walls of the control cabin;
the third bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven shaft and is meshed with the other second bevel gear;
the bearing is coaxially sleeved on the driving shaft and positioned beside the gear;
the first synchronizing wheel is coaxially sleeved on the bearing, and the one-way driver is arranged on the first synchronizing wheel;
and the second synchronizing wheel is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven shaft and is positioned under the first synchronizing wheel, and the second synchronizing wheel is connected with the first synchronizing wheel through a synchronous belt in a transmission way.
Further, one-way driver includes two one-way stop gear, and the both sides of a synchronizing wheel are located respectively to the two, and every one-way stop gear all includes:
the ratchet ring is coaxially and fixedly arranged on one side of the first synchronous wheel, and the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring faces inwards;
the fixed circular ring and the first synchronizing wheel are coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driving shaft and are positioned beside the ratchet ring, a plurality of connecting arms which are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the fixed circular ring are formed on the circumferential wall of the fixed circular ring, and one end of each connecting arm extends towards the ratchet ring;
the number of the elastic pawl mechanisms is consistent with that of the connecting arms, each elastic pawl mechanism is fixedly arranged at one end, facing the ratchet ring, of the corresponding connecting arm, and each elastic pawl mechanism is used for being matched with the ratchet ring so that the first synchronizing wheel can only rotate in one direction.
Further, each of the elastic click mechanisms includes:
the U-shaped base is fixedly arranged at one end of the connecting arm facing the ratchet ring, and the U-shaped surface of the U-shaped base faces the ratchet ring;
the pawl is in a water drop shape and is arranged in the U-shaped base in a matching way with the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring, and the big end of the pawl is connected in the U-shaped base in a shaft way;
the strip-shaped plate is fixedly arranged on one side of the U-shaped base, and one end of the strip-shaped plate extends towards the ratchet ring and is extended out of the U-shaped base;
the tension spring is in an inclined state, one end of the tension spring is fixedly connected with the middle part of the pawl, and the other end of the tension spring is fixedly connected with one end of the strip-shaped plate extending towards the ratchet ring;
the lug is formed on one side, facing the ratchet ring, of the U-shaped base and is located between the strip-shaped plate and the pawl, and one side, facing the pawl, of the lug is in an arc shape and is attached to one arc-shaped side face of the pawl.
Further, the medical dish is cylindricly, its bottom is the opening, it has a circular open-close plate that can cover the medical dish bottom completely to articulate on the perisporium of medical dish, a plurality of small opening has been seted up on the circular open-close plate, be equipped with a breach that occupies annular otter board area fourth on the annular otter board, the breach makes annular otter board have two disconnected ends, one of them disconnected end is close to the discharge gate, the discharge gate is kept away from to another disconnected end, the internal fixed arc deflector that is equipped with one and is located under the annular otter board breach of being equipped with, the arc deflector is the tilt state, its lower extreme towards the discharge gate and can offset with the flagging circular open-close plate of nature, the most advanced links to each other with one of them disconnected end of annular otter board.
Furthermore, a plurality of hot air fans are fixedly arranged in the box body and located between the feeding hole and the discharging hole, each hot air fan is located below the annular screen plate and used for providing a heat source for the medicine vessel which is about to pass through the discharging hole from the annular screen plate and drying the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine vessel after water is extruded out of the medicine vessel, and a circle of heat insulation plate is fixedly arranged on the periphery of each hot air fan.
Furthermore, one end of the driving shaft horizontally penetrates through the side wall of the control cabin and is fixedly connected with a rotating handle.
A use method of a residue waste treatment device after traditional Chinese medicine extraction comprises the following steps:
s1, manually rotating a rotating handle in one direction to enable a rack to rise to drive a lifting arm to rise, rotating a wheel disc while the lifting arm rises, and stopping rotating the rotating handle when the wheel disc rotates to a position where one medicine vessel is located right below a feed port;
s2, placing traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine vessel exposed below the feed port, reversely rotating the rotating handle, driving the lifting arm to descend by the rack until the bottom of the lifting arm is abutted to the limiting block, positioning the water squeezing plate right above the medicine vessel at the moment, not rotating the wheel disc in the process, squeezing and dehydrating the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine vessel by continuously pressing the manual extruder, and collecting water flowing out of the bottom of the medicine vessel;
and S3, repeating the steps S1 and S2, and collecting the dregs of a decoction which is subjected to extrusion dehydration and drying at a discharge hole.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, the device has simple structure, is light and convenient as a whole and has low cost;
secondly, the device integrates a plurality of functions of extrusion dehydration, drying and automatic blanking, and is simple to operate;
thirdly, this device is provided with a plurality of medical utensils, and circulate in proper order and dewater, stoving and automatic unloading, operating personnel can realize the rotation and the extrusion dehydration operation of a plurality of medical utensils through rotating a turning handle, when operating personnel carries out extrusion dehydration to the dregs of a decoction in the current medical utensil, the medical utensil that has passed through the extrusion dehydration step before then can progressively rotate to the stoving region of this device and dry, and can progressively rotate to the regional automatic unloading of carrying out automatic unloading after the medical utensil dries, improve the efficiency to dregs of a decoction processing with this.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the case of the embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the embodiment;
FIG. 4 isbase:Sub>A cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged partial view of A1 shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a drive assembly of an embodiment;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged partial schematic view of A2 indicated in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged partial view of A3 indicated in FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a top view of the drive shaft of the embodiment;
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged partial view of A4 indicated in FIG. 10;
the reference numbers in the figures are: 1. a box body; 2. a feed inlet; 3. a discharge port; 4. a ring-shaped net plate; 5. a wheel disc; 6. a medicine vessel; 7. a support arm; 8. a lifting arm; 9. a manual extruder; 10. a limiting block; 11. a drive shaft; 12. a rotating shaft; 13. a gear; 14. a rack; 15. a water squeezing plate; 16. a guide slide plate; 17. a vertical through groove; 18. a first bevel gear; 19. a connecting shaft; 20. a shaft seat; 21. a second bevel gear; 22. a driven shaft; 23. a third bevel gear; 24. a bearing; 25. a first synchronizing wheel; 26. a second synchronizing wheel; 27. a synchronous belt; 28. a ratchet ring; 29. fixing the circular ring; 30. a connecting arm; 31. a U-shaped base; 32. a pawl; 33. a strip plate; 34. a tension spring; 35. a bump; 36. a circular opening plate; 37. a leak hole; 38. an arc-shaped guide plate; 39. a hot air fan; 40. a heat insulation plate; 41. a handle is rotated; 42. and controlling the bin.
Detailed Description
For a better understanding of the features and technical solutions of the present invention, as well as the specific objects and functions attained by the present invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings and detailed description of the invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 to 11, a device for processing waste residue after traditional Chinese medicine extraction includes:
the box body 1 is round, and the top and the bottom of the box body are respectively provided with a feed inlet 2 and a discharge outlet 3 which are symmetrically distributed;
the control bin 42 is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body 1, and an annular screen plate 4 is fixedly arranged in the control bin 42;
the rotary disc assembly is arranged in the box body 1 and comprises a rotary disc 5 and a plurality of medicine containers 6 which are distributed outside the rotary disc 5 at equal angles along the circumferential direction of the rotary disc, the top of each medicine container 6 is of an open structure and used for containing traditional Chinese medicine residues, the bottom of each medicine container 6 is of a net shape, each medicine container 6 is positioned on the annular net plate 4, the rotary disc 5 is provided with a plurality of supporting arms 7 connected with the medicine containers 6, and the two medicine containers 6 correspond to the feed port 2 and the discharge port 3 respectively;
the lifting extrusion assembly comprises a lifting arm 8 vertically arranged outside the control bin 42, a manual extruder 9 fixedly arranged at the lower end of the lifting arm 8 and a limiting block 10 arranged below the lifting arm 8, the lifting arm 8 is positioned right above the feed port 2, the manual extruder 9 is provided with an output end which can vertically penetrate through the feed port 2 downwards through manual pressing, and the limiting block 10 is used for limiting the descending of the lifting arm 8;
drive assembly, including drive shaft 11, pivot 12 and one-way driver, pivot 12 locates rim plate 5's center department, a rotation for driving rim plate 5, drive shaft 11 locates rim plate 5's top, gear 13 has been linked firmly on the drive shaft 11, gear 13's side is equipped with and is vertical and the rack 14 that links firmly with 8 tops of lifing arm, gear 13 meshes with rack 14 mutually, it can stretch into to the crowded water board 15 in the corresponding medicine ware 6 to fix to be equipped with one on the output that manual extruder 9 constructed, one-way driver locates on the drive shaft 11, the transmission links to each other between one-way driver and the pivot 12, thereby one-way driver is used for driving 5 unidirectional rotation of rim plate with the torque transmission of drive shaft 11 to pivot 12.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the control bin 42 is rectangular, one side of the control bin faces the feed inlet 2, two guide sliding plates 16 in a symmetrical state are formed on one side of the control bin 42 facing the feed inlet 2, each guide sliding plate 16 is in a vertical state, the rack 14 is slidably arranged between the two guide sliding plates 16, a vertical through groove 17 located between the two guide sliding plates 16 is formed in the control bin 42, the driving shaft 11 is horizontally arranged in the control bin 42, two ends of the driving shaft 11 are respectively coupled with two inner walls of the control bin 42, the gear 13 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driving shaft 11, the gear 13 penetrates through the vertical through groove 17 to be meshed with the rack 14, and the limiting block 10 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the control bin 42 facing the feed inlet 2 and is located right below the bottom of the lifting arm 8.
The two guide sliding plates 16 are used for vertically sliding the rack 14, in order to prevent the rack 14 from displacing in the sliding process, two vertical limiting strips can be additionally arranged on two sides of the rack 14 when the rack 14 is machined, and a limiting groove matched with the limiting strips is additionally arranged on the inner side of each guide sliding plate 16 when each guide sliding plate 16 is machined;
stopper 10 is used for restricting the descending of lifing arm 8, ensure that lifing arm 8 descends and the stopper 10 offsets the back, and when not pressing manual extruder 9, fixed locate crowded water board 15 on the manual extruder 9 output is located medicine ware 6 directly over, because lifing arm 8 goes upward the back, effect through the one-way driver, the carousel can drive every medicine ware 6 immediately and rotate, thereby medicine ware 6 after the rotation can take place to interfere with crowded water board 15 that has not risen to the medicine ware 6 outside, and then need stopper 10 to ensure crowded water board 15 to be located medicine ware 6 directly over all the time, the extrusion function of crowded water board 15 at this moment is realized through manual extruder 9.
Referring to fig. 4, the rotating shaft 12 is vertically disposed in the box body 1, the lower end of the rotating shaft 12 is coupled to the bottom wall of the box body 1, the upper end of the rotating shaft 12 upwardly penetrates through the top of the box body 1 and extends into the control cabin 42, and the wheel disc 5 is coaxially and fixedly disposed in the middle of the rotating shaft 12.
The rotary disc 5 is fixedly arranged on the rotary shaft 12, the rotary shaft 12 plays a role in supporting the rotary disc 5, the inner wall of the box body 1 is thin, a thickened table top can be machined at the position, connected with the rotary shaft 12, in the box body 1, one end of the rotary shaft 12 is connected with the thickened table top in a shaft mode, and the single-point supporting and the rotation of the rotary shaft 12 are enhanced.
Referring to fig. 4 and 6, the driving assembly further includes:
a first bevel gear 18 coaxially and fixedly arranged on the top of the rotating shaft 12;
the connecting shaft 19 is in a horizontal state and is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body 1 through two shaft seats 20;
two symmetrical second bevel gears 21 are coaxially and fixedly arranged at two ends of the connecting shaft 19 respectively, wherein one second bevel gear 21 is meshed with the first bevel gear 18;
the driven shaft 22 is arranged right below the driving shaft 11 and is parallel to the driving shaft 11, and two ends of the driven shaft 22 are respectively in shaft connection with the two inner walls of the control cabin 42;
the third bevel gear 23 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven shaft 22, and the third bevel gear 23 is meshed with the other second bevel gear 21;
the bearing 24 is coaxially sleeved on the driving shaft 11 and positioned beside the gear 13;
the first synchronizing wheel 25 is coaxially sleeved on the bearing 24, and the one-way driver is arranged on the first synchronizing wheel 25;
and the second synchronizing wheel 26 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven shaft 22 and is positioned right below the first synchronizing wheel 25, and the second synchronizing wheel 26 is in transmission connection with the first synchronizing wheel 25 through a synchronous belt 27.
When the driving shaft 11 rotates in one direction, the gear 13 fixed thereon rotates to drive the rack 14 to ascend or descend, and in the process, if the direction of rotation limited by the unidirectional actuator does not coincide with the direction of rotation of the drive shaft 11, the first synchronizing wheel 25 fixed on the driving shaft 11 drives the second synchronizing wheel 26 to rotate through the synchronous belt 27, so that the driven shaft 22 rotates to drive the third bevel gear 23 to rotate, and finally drives the first bevel gear 18 to rotate through the transmission action of the two second bevel gears 21, thus, the lifting of the rack 14 and the rotation of the wheel disk 5 are synchronously driven by rotating the driving shaft 11, and when the rotation direction limited by the one-way driver is consistent with the steering direction of the driving shaft 11, the driving shaft 11 drives the gear 13 by rotating in the inner ring of the bearing 24, the first synchronizing wheel 25 sleeved on the outer ring of the bearing 24 is not affected, so that the torque of the driving shaft 11 is not transmitted to the first bevel gear 18, and thus the rack 14, is raised or lowered, but the wheel disc 5 is not rotated, which correspond to the raising and lowering of the rack 14, when the rack 14 is lowered, the direction of rotation of the drive shaft 11 should coincide with the direction of rotation limited by the one-way actuator, so that the wheel disc 5 does not rotate when the rack 14 is lowered, further ensures that the medicine container 6 is in a fixed state when the traditional Chinese medicine residue in the medicine container 6 is squeezed and dehydrated, on the contrary, when the rack 14 ascends, the rotating direction of the driving shaft 11 is opposite to the rotating direction limited by the one-way driver, so that the wheel disc 5 rotates when the rack 14 ascends, thereby ensuring that the subsequent medicine ware 6 is driven to rotate to the lower part of the feed inlet 2, and the intermittent rotation of the wheel disc 5 is used for feeding and squeezing dehydration to each medicine ware 6 passing through the feed inlet 2 in the cyclic reciprocating way.
Referring to fig. 6 to 8, the unidirectional actuator includes two unidirectional limiting mechanisms, which are respectively disposed on two sides of the first synchronizing wheel 25, and each unidirectional limiting mechanism includes:
the ratchet ring gear 28 is coaxially and fixedly arranged on one side of the first synchronizing wheel 25, and the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring gear 28 faces inwards;
the fixed circular ring 29 and the first synchronizing wheel 25 are coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driving shaft 11 and positioned beside the ratchet ring gear 28, a plurality of connecting arms 30 uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the fixed circular ring 29 are formed on the circumferential wall of the fixed circular ring 29, and one end of each connecting arm 30 extends towards the ratchet ring gear 28;
the number of the elastic pawl mechanisms is consistent with that of the connecting arms 30, each elastic pawl mechanism is fixedly arranged at one end, facing the ratchet ring gear 28, of the corresponding connecting arm 30, and each elastic pawl mechanism is used for being matched with the ratchet ring gear 28 to enable the first synchronizing wheel 25 to rotate only in one direction.
The fixed ring 29 is fixedly connected with the driving shaft 11, and the two ratchet rings 28 are synchronously and fixedly connected with the first gear, so that when the driving shaft 11 rotates, each elastic pawl mechanism can rotate in the ratchet ring 28 under the action of the fixed ring 29, the rotation direction of the ratchet ring 28, that is, the rotation direction of the first synchronizing wheel 25, is limited through the cooperation of each elastic pawl mechanism and the ratchet ring 28, when the rotation direction of the driving shaft 11 is consistent with the rotation direction limited by the elastic pawl mechanism, the driving shaft 11 drives the inner ring of the bearing 24 to rotate in the bearing 24, each elastic pawl mechanism can slide on the ratchet ring 28 and cannot affect the first synchronizing wheel 25, and when the rotation direction of the driving shaft 11 is opposite to the rotation direction limited by the elastic pawl mechanism, each elastic pawl mechanism can abut against the ratchet ring 28, so that the rotation of the driving shaft 11 can drive the first synchronizing wheel 25 to rotate.
Referring to fig. 6 to 8, each of the elastic click mechanisms includes:
the U-shaped base 31 is fixedly arranged at one end of the connecting arm 30 facing the ratchet ring gear 28, and the U-shaped surface of the U-shaped base 31 faces the ratchet ring gear 28;
the pawl 32 is in a water drop shape, is matched with the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring gear 28 and is arranged in the U-shaped base 31, and the big end of the pawl 32 is axially connected in the U-shaped base 31;
a strip-shaped plate 33 fixedly arranged on one side of the U-shaped base 31, wherein one end of the strip-shaped plate 33 extends towards the ratchet ring gear 28 and is extended out of the U-shaped base 31;
a tension spring 34 in an inclined state, one end of which is fixedly connected to the middle of the pawl 32 and the other end of which is fixedly connected to one end of the strip-shaped plate 33 extending toward the ratchet ring 28;
the protrusion 35 is formed on one side of the U-shaped base 31 facing the ratchet ring 28 and located between the strip-shaped plate 33 and the pawl 32, and one side of the protrusion 35 facing the pawl 32 is arc-shaped and attached to one of the arc-shaped side surfaces of the pawl 32.
The cooperation of the pawls 32 and the ratchet ring 28 can achieve the effect of unidirectional rotation, so that the tooth direction of the ratchet ring 28 determines the rotation direction of the first synchronizing wheel 25 limited by each elastic pawl mechanism, when the rotation direction of the driving shaft 11 is consistent with the tooth direction of the ratchet ring 28, the pawl 32 in the shape of a droplet is attached to the tooth part of the ratchet ring 28 to rotate, at this time, the pawl 32 is abutted by the tooth part of the ratchet ring 28 to rotate towards the U-shaped base 31, and the tension spring 34 is stretched to limit the rotation angle of the pawl 32, when the rotation direction of the driving shaft 11 is opposite to the tooth direction of the ratchet ring 28, the tip of the pawl 32 in the shape of a droplet is engaged with the tooth part of the ratchet ring 28, at this time, the pawl 32 and the ratchet ring 28 can be seen as a whole, so that the first synchronizing wheel 25 connected to the ratchet ring 28 is driven to rotate, wherein the projection 35 is used for engaging with the tip of the pawl 32 with the ratchet ring 28, and then one side of the pawl 32 is abutted against the tooth part of the pawl 32 to ensure that the ratchet ring 28 cannot rotate due to force after the pawl 32 is engaged with the ratchet ring 28.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, the medicine ware 6 is cylindricly, its bottom is the opening, it can be with the circular open-close board 36 that 6 bottoms of medicine ware cover completely to articulate on the perisporium of medicine ware 6, a plurality of small opening 37 has been seted up on the circular open-close board 36, be equipped with a breach that occupies cyclic annular otter board area fourth on the cyclic annular otter board, the breach makes cyclic annular otter board have two broken ends, one of them broken end is close to discharge gate 3, discharge gate 3 is kept away from to the other broken end, box 1 internal fixation is equipped with an arc deflector 38 that is located directly below the cyclic annular otter board breach, arc deflector 38 is the tilt state, its least significant end is towards discharge gate 3 and can be inconsistent with flagging circular open-close board 36 naturally, the most significant end links to each other with one of them broken end of cyclic annular otter board.
Because a plurality of medical dishes 6 are arranged in a circular array at equal angles, and two of the medical dishes 6 correspond to the feed port 2 and the discharge port 3, when the driving shaft 11 is rotated manually, one of the medical dishes 6 is exposed under the feed port 2, then one of the medical dishes 6 in the plurality of medical dishes 6 is always located right above the discharge port 3, after the medical dish 6 subjected to extrusion dehydration is continuously driven by intermittent rotation of the wheel disc 5 to rotate towards the discharge port 3, due to the effect of the notch formed in the annular mesh plate, once the medical dish 6 is separated from the annular mesh plate, the circular opening plate 36 at the bottom of the circular opening plate loses support of the annular mesh plate, and due to the fact that the gravity of the traditional Chinese medicine residue in the medical dish 6 is opened downwards and naturally sagged, the traditional Chinese medicine residue in the medical dish 6 falls out of the discharge port 3 by virtue of the gravity, when the circular opening plate 36 is hinged with the medical dish 6, the circular opening plate 36 needs to be ensured that the circular opening plate 36 can abut against the lowest end of the arc-shaped guide plate 38 after the traditional Chinese medicine residue in the naturally sagged state, in the process, the medical dish 6 is dehydrated, when the arc-shaped opening plate is hinged with the circular opening plate 6, the arc-shaped plate 36 is rotated again, the circular opening plate is closed, and the circular opening plate 36 is gradually abutted against the circular opening plate 38, and the circular opening plate is closed, and the circular opening plate is gradually closed, and the circular opening plate 36 is gradually closed, and the circular opening plate is gradually closed, and the circular opening plate is closed.
Referring to fig. 2, a plurality of hot air fans 39 located between the feeding port 2 and the discharging port 3 are fixedly arranged in the box body 1, each hot air fan 39 is located below the annular screen plate and is used for providing a heat source for the medical dish 6 which is about to pass through the discharging port 3 from the annular screen plate and drying the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine dish after extruding water, and a circle of heat insulation plate 40 is fixedly arranged on the periphery of each hot air fan 39.
Hot-blast fan 39 is used for rotating out from feed inlet 2, and heat towards the capsule 6 of discharge gate 3 rotational displacement, because the rim plate 5 is rotatory the back at every turn, the capsule 6 that is located feed inlet 2 needs to carry out the extrusion dehydration to the traditional chinese medicine residue in it, so the capsule 6 that is located hot-blast fan 39 top can not rotate immediately, but dwell period, and feed inlet 2 is longer to the span of discharge gate 3, so the capsule 6 that is in heating state can be in getting into discharge gate 3 and carrying out the blowing before lasting by hot-blast fan 39 heating, thereby ensure that the traditional chinese medicine residue in the capsule 6 can be dried, and then the traditional chinese medicine residue of collecting from discharge gate 3 is for the product of extrusion dehydration and stoving, in order to supply the further development and utilization research of traditional chinese medicine.
Referring to fig. 1, one end of the driving shaft 11 horizontally passes through a sidewall of the control box 42, and a stem 41 is fixedly connected thereto.
The handle 41 facilitates the rotation of the drive shaft 11 by the operator.
Example 2
A use method of a residue waste treatment device after traditional Chinese medicine extraction comprises the following steps:
s1, manually rotating a rotating handle 41 in one direction to enable a rack 14 to ascend and drive a lifting arm 8 to ascend, rotating a wheel disc 5 while the lifting arm 8 ascends, and stopping rotating the rotating handle 41 when the wheel disc 5 rotates to a position where one medicine vessel 6 is located right below a feed port 2;
the traditional Chinese medicine residue after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine is often used as a raw material for making foot bath and a raw material for making a medicine pillow and a sachet, so the extracted traditional Chinese medicine residue needs to be quickly dehydrated and dried for storage;
in order to realize the function that when the rack 14 drives the lifting arm 8 to ascend, the wheel disc 5 can drive the plurality of medical containers 6 to rotate, and when the rack 14 drives the lifting arm 8 to descend, the wheel disc 5 cannot rotate, when each ratchet ring 28 is machined, the tooth direction of the ratchet ring 28 needs to be ensured to be opposite to the rotation direction of the gear 13 in the ascending state of the rack 14, so that the specific functions are realized as follows:
the rack 14 is driven to ascend by manually rotating the rotating handle 41, the driving shaft 11 is regarded as rotating anticlockwise at the moment, the gear 13 rotates anticlockwise, each pawl 32 can be clamped with the clockwise tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring 28, the ratchet ring 28 can be driven by each pawl 32 to rotate anticlockwise at the moment, the synchronizing wheel 26 can rotate anticlockwise under the action of the synchronous belt 27 and drive the third umbrella teeth 23 to rotate anticlockwise, finally the first umbrella teeth 18 can rotate clockwise under the transmission action of the two second umbrella teeth 21, the wheel disc 5 can drive each medicine dish 6 to rotate clockwise, and it is ensured that each medicine dish 6 can rotate clockwise to the discharge port 3 step by step after passing through the feed port 2.
S2, traditional Chinese medicine residues are placed into the medicine vessel 6 exposed below the feed port 2, then the rotating handle 41 is rotated reversely, the rack 14 drives the lifting arm 8 to descend until the bottom of the lifting arm 8 is abutted to the limiting block 10, the water squeezing plate 15 is located right above the medicine vessel 6, the wheel disc 5 does not rotate in the process, then the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine vessel 6 are squeezed and dehydrated through continuously pressing the manual squeezing machine 9, and then water flowing out of the bottom of the medicine vessel 6 is collected;
the rack 14 is driven to descend by manually rotating the rotating handle 41 to drive the lifting arm 8, at the moment, the driving shaft 11 is regarded as clockwise rotation, the gear 13 rotates clockwise, at the moment, the arc-shaped surface of each pawl 32 can be attached to the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring 28 to perform circular motion, because the first synchronizing wheel 25 is sleeved on the bearing 24, the rotation of the driving shaft 11 rotates in the inner ring of the bearing 24, and the pawls 32 are not clamped with the ratchet ring 28, so that the first synchronizing wheel 25 cannot rotate when the driving shaft 11 rotates clockwise, and therefore, after the lifting arm 8 descends, each medicine container 6 can be in a fixed state, when the lifting arm 8 descends to be abutted to the limiting block 10, the manual extruder 9 is pressed again to extrude and dehydrate the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine container 6 below the feeding port 2, and the steps are repeated after dehydration, and the circulation of the medicine container 6 is realized.
And S3, repeating the steps S1 and S2, and collecting the dregs of a decoction which is subjected to extrusion dehydration and drying at the discharge port 3.
After the traditional Chinese medicine residue in the medicine container 6 at the feed port 2 is subjected to the extrusion dehydration step, when the wheel disc 5 rotates again, the medicine container 6 can rotate to the position above the plurality of hot air fans 39, the medicine residue in the medicine container is dried, the medicine container 6 can move to the discharge port 3 finally after drying, at the moment, the circular opening plate 36 gradually loses contact with the annular net plate due to the gaps on the annular net plate, the circular opening plate 36 can be gradually opened downwards due to the weight of the medicine residue until the medicine residue moves to the discharge port 3, the circular opening plate 36 can be in a naturally drooping completely opened state, the dried medicine residue is collected at the discharge port 3, after the circular opening plate 36 is completely opened, the circular opening plate abuts against the lowest end of the arc guide plate 38, after the wheel disc 5 rotates again, the circular opening plate 36 can be gradually closed under the action of the arc guide plate 38 until the medicine container 6 moves to the annular net plate again, in order to clean the residual medicine residue in the medicine container 6 above the discharge port 3, a cleaning port communicated with the peripheral wall of the box 1 can be machined, and an operator can manually clean the medicine residue in the medicine residue 6.
The above examples, which are intended to represent only one or more embodiments of the present invention, are described in greater detail and with greater particularity, and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a traditional chinese medicine draws back residue abandonment processing apparatus which characterized in that includes:
the box body (1) is circular, and the top and the bottom of the box body are respectively provided with a feed inlet (2) and a discharge outlet (3) which are symmetrically distributed;
the control bin (42) is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body (1), and an annular screen plate (4) is fixedly arranged in the control bin (42);
the rotary disc assembly is arranged in the box body (1) and comprises a rotary disc (5) and a plurality of medical containers (6) which are distributed outside the rotary disc (5) at equal angles along the circumferential direction of the rotary disc, the top of each medical container (6) is of an open structure and used for containing traditional Chinese medicine residues, the bottom of each medical container (6) is of a net leakage shape, each medical container (6) is positioned on the annular net plate (4), the rotary disc (5) is provided with a plurality of supporting arms (7) connected with the medical containers (6), and the two medical containers (6) correspond to the feed inlet (2) and the discharge outlet (3) respectively;
the lifting extrusion assembly comprises a lifting arm (8) vertically arranged outside the control bin (42), a manual extruder (9) fixedly arranged at the lower end of the lifting arm (8) and a limiting block (10) arranged below the lifting arm (8), the lifting arm (8) is positioned right above the feed port (2), the manual extruder (9) is provided with an output end capable of vertically and downwards penetrating through the feed port (2) through manual pressing, and the limiting block (10) is used for limiting the descending of the lifting arm (8);
drive assembly, including drive shaft (11), pivot (12) and one-way driver, the center department of rim plate (5) is located in pivot (12), a rotation for driving rim plate (5), the top of rim plate (5) is located in drive shaft (11), gear (13) have been linked firmly on drive shaft (11), the side of gear (13) is equipped with and is vertical and rack (14) that link firmly with lifing arm (8) top, gear (13) and rack (14) mesh mutually, fixed being equipped with one on the output that manual extruder (9) constructed and stretching into crowded water board (15) to corresponding medicine ware (6), one-way driver locates on drive shaft (11), the transmission links to each other between one-way driver and pivot (12), thereby one-way driver is used for transmitting the moment of torsion of drive shaft (11) to pivot (12) and drives rim plate (5) unidirectional rotation.
2. The device for treating the waste residues after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine according to claim 1, wherein the control bin (42) is rectangular, one side of the control bin faces the feed inlet (2), two guide sliding plates (16) in a symmetrical state are formed on one side of the control bin (42) facing the feed inlet (2), each guide sliding plate (16) is in a vertical state, the rack (14) is slidably arranged between the two guide sliding plates (16), the control bin (42) is provided with a vertical through groove (17) positioned between the two guide sliding plates (16), the driving shaft (11) is horizontally arranged in the control bin (42), two ends of the driving shaft (11) are respectively in shaft connection with two inner walls of the control bin (42), the gear (13) is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driving shaft (11), the gear (13) penetrates through the vertical through groove (17) to be meshed with the rack (14), and the limiting block (10) is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the control bin (42) facing the feed inlet (2) and is positioned right below the bottom of the lifting arm (8).
3. The device for treating the waste residues after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft (12) is vertically arranged in the box body (1), the lower end of the rotating shaft (12) is in shaft connection with the bottom wall in the box body (1), the upper end of the rotating shaft (12) upwards penetrates out of the top of the box body (1) and extends into the control bin (42), and the wheel disc (5) is coaxially and fixedly arranged in the middle of the rotating shaft (12).
4. The device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the driving assembly further comprises:
the first bevel gear (18) is coaxially and fixedly arranged at the top of the rotating shaft (12);
the connecting shaft (19) is in a horizontal state and is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body (1) through two shaft seats (20);
two symmetrical second bevel gears (21) are respectively and coaxially and fixedly arranged at two ends of the connecting shaft (19), wherein one second bevel gear (21) is meshed with the first bevel gear (18);
the driven shaft (22) is arranged right below the driving shaft (11) and is parallel to the driving shaft (11), and two ends of the driven shaft (22) are respectively in shaft connection with two inner walls of the control bin (42);
the third bevel gear (23) is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven shaft (22), and the third bevel gear (23) is meshed with the other second bevel gear (21);
the bearing (24) is coaxially sleeved on the driving shaft (11) and positioned beside the gear (13);
the first synchronizing wheel (25) is coaxially sleeved on the bearing (24), and the one-way driver is arranged on the first synchronizing wheel (25);
and the second synchronizing wheel (26) is coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driven shaft (22) and is positioned under the first synchronizing wheel (25), and the second synchronizing wheel (26) is connected with the first synchronizing wheel (25) in a transmission way through a synchronous belt (27).
5. The device for processing the waste after the traditional Chinese medicine is extracted according to claim 4, wherein the one-way driver comprises two one-way limiting mechanisms respectively arranged at two sides of the first synchronizing wheel (25), and each one-way limiting mechanism comprises:
the ratchet ring gear (28) is coaxially and fixedly arranged on one side of the first synchronizing wheel (25), and the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring gear (28) faces inwards;
the fixed circular ring (29) and the first synchronizing wheel (25) are coaxially and fixedly arranged on the driving shaft (11) and positioned beside the ratchet ring gear (28), a plurality of connecting arms (30) are formed on the peripheral wall of the fixed circular ring (29) and uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the fixed circular ring, and one end of each connecting arm (30) extends towards the ratchet ring gear (28);
the number of the elastic pawl mechanisms is consistent with that of the connecting arms (30), each elastic pawl mechanism is fixedly arranged at one end, facing the ratchet ring gear (28), of the corresponding connecting arm (30), and each elastic pawl mechanism is used for being matched with the ratchet ring gear (28) to enable the synchronous wheel (25) to rotate only in one direction.
6. The device as claimed in claim 5, wherein each elastic pawl mechanism comprises:
the U-shaped base (31) is fixedly arranged at one end, facing the ratchet ring gear (28), of the connecting arm (30), and the U-shaped surface of the U-shaped base (31) faces the ratchet ring gear (28);
the pawl (32) is in a water drop shape, is matched with the tooth-shaped part of the ratchet ring gear (28) and is arranged in the U-shaped base (31), and the big end of the pawl (32) is axially connected in the U-shaped base (31);
the strip-shaped plate (33) is fixedly arranged on one side of the U-shaped base (31), one end of the strip-shaped plate (33) extends towards the ratchet ring gear (28) and is extended out of the U-shaped base (31);
a tension spring (34) in an inclined state, wherein one end of the tension spring is fixedly connected with the middle part of the pawl (32), and the other end of the tension spring is fixedly connected with one end of the strip-shaped plate (33) extending towards the ratchet ring gear (28);
the lug (35) is formed on one side, facing the ratchet ring gear (28), of the U-shaped base (31) and is located between the strip-shaped plate (33) and the pawl (32), and one side, facing the pawl (32), of the lug (35) is in an arc shape and is attached to one arc-shaped side face of the pawl (32).
7. The device for treating the waste residues after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the medicine vessel (6) is cylindrical, the bottom of the medicine vessel is open, a circular opening plate (36) capable of completely covering the bottom of the medicine vessel (6) is hinged to the peripheral wall of the medicine vessel (6), a plurality of leakage holes (37) are formed in the circular opening plate (36), a notch occupying one fourth of the area of the annular screen plate is formed in the annular screen plate, the notch enables the annular screen plate to have two broken ends, one broken end is close to the discharge port (3), the other broken end is far away from the discharge port (3), an arc-shaped guide plate (38) located right below the notch of the annular screen plate is fixedly arranged in the box body (1), the arc-shaped guide plate (38) is in an inclined state, the lowest end of the arc-shaped guide plate faces the discharge port (3) and can abut against the naturally drooping circular opening plate (36), and the highest end of the arc-shaped guide plate is connected with one broken end of the annular screen plate.
8. The device for processing the waste after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine according to claim 7, wherein a plurality of hot air fans (39) are fixedly arranged in the box body (1) and are positioned between the feed inlet (2) and the discharge outlet (3), each hot air fan (39) is positioned below the annular screen plate and is used for providing a heat source for the medicine vessel (6) which is about to pass through the discharge outlet (3) from the annular screen plate and drying the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine vessel which are extruded out of the water, and a circle of heat insulation plate (40) is fixedly arranged on the periphery of each hot air fan (39).
9. The device for processing the waste after the extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine as claimed in claim 1, wherein one end of the driving shaft (11) horizontally passes through the side wall of the control cabin (42) and is fixedly connected with a rotating handle (41).
10. A method for using a device for processing waste residues after traditional Chinese medicine extraction, comprising the device for processing waste residues after traditional Chinese medicine extraction as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
s1, manually rotating a rotating handle (41) in one direction to enable a rack (14) to ascend and drive a lifting arm (8) to ascend, rotating a wheel disc (5) while the lifting arm (8) ascends, and stopping rotating the rotating handle (41) when the wheel disc (5) rotates to the position where one medicine vessel (6) is located right below a feed port (2);
s2, traditional Chinese medicine residues are placed into the medicine vessel (6) exposed below the feed port (2), then the rotating handle (41) is rotated reversely, the rack (14) drives the lifting arm (8) to descend until the bottom of the lifting arm (8) is abutted to the limiting block (10), the water squeezing plate (15) is located right above the medicine vessel (6), the wheel disc (5) does not rotate in the process, then the traditional Chinese medicine residues in the medicine vessel (6) are squeezed and dehydrated through continuously pressing the manual extruding machine (9), and then water flowing out of the bottom of the medicine vessel (6) is collected;
and S3, repeating the steps S1 and S2, and collecting the dregs after extrusion dehydration and drying at the discharge port (3).
CN202210899871.6A 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 Device and method for treating waste residues after traditional Chinese medicine extraction Active CN115214178B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2220371A1 (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-10-04 Acker Andre Carousel type grape pressing machine - has drums stepped round track for successive pressing and stirring
CN104690999A (en) * 2014-07-16 2015-06-10 深圳市鲜油宝健康科技有限公司 Vertical solid and liquid separation device
CN109000434A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-14 六安市人民医院 A kind of medical Chinese medicine dreg dehydration device
CN112743896A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-05-04 王东 Kitchen waste solid-liquid separation device based on rotary extrusion
CN213792012U (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-07-27 宝江源汇(天津)环境科技有限公司 Environment-friendly household garbage treatment equipment
CN113368936A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-10 刘维廷 Caking powder crushing device and method for building construction

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2220371A1 (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-10-04 Acker Andre Carousel type grape pressing machine - has drums stepped round track for successive pressing and stirring
CN104690999A (en) * 2014-07-16 2015-06-10 深圳市鲜油宝健康科技有限公司 Vertical solid and liquid separation device
CN109000434A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-14 六安市人民医院 A kind of medical Chinese medicine dreg dehydration device
CN213792012U (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-07-27 宝江源汇(天津)环境科技有限公司 Environment-friendly household garbage treatment equipment
CN112743896A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-05-04 王东 Kitchen waste solid-liquid separation device based on rotary extrusion
CN113368936A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-10 刘维廷 Caking powder crushing device and method for building construction

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