CN115045520A - Wall building perpendicularity control tool and building perpendicularity control method - Google Patents

Wall building perpendicularity control tool and building perpendicularity control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115045520A
CN115045520A CN202210879865.4A CN202210879865A CN115045520A CN 115045520 A CN115045520 A CN 115045520A CN 202210879865 A CN202210879865 A CN 202210879865A CN 115045520 A CN115045520 A CN 115045520A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wall
building
steel wire
tool
masonry
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Pending
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CN202210879865.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张健
张静
赵文静
郭小熠
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Shanghai Baoye Group Corp Ltd
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Shanghai Baoye Group Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN202210879865.4A priority Critical patent/CN115045520A/en
Publication of CN115045520A publication Critical patent/CN115045520A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, and discloses a wall building verticality control tool and a building verticality control method, wherein the wall building verticality control tool is used for being installed on a structural beam above a wall to be built and comprises a pair of beam clamping plates which are parallel to each other and used for clamping the structural beam and at least one fastening steel wire, and the inner surfaces of the beam clamping plates are provided with anti-skid plates used for increasing friction force; two ends of the fastening steel wire are respectively connected with the two beam clamping plates, and the middle section of the fastening steel wire is parallel to the horizontal plane and is provided with at least two hanging lines with hanging weights in a hanging mode. Because the hanging wire is hung on the structural beam through the fastening steel wire and the beam clamping plate and is higher than the top surface of the wall body to be built, the hanging wire does not need to be repeatedly hung along with the increase of the height of the masonry body or frequently used by a guiding ruler to check the verticality of the masonry body in the building process, the hanging wire can be always utilized as a vertical datum line to control the verticality of the masonry body, the building efficiency is ensured, and the building quality of the wall body is also ensured.

Description

Wall building perpendicularity control tool and building perpendicularity control method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a wall building verticality control tool. In addition, the invention also relates to a masonry verticality control method for the wall masonry verticality control tool.
Background
The perpendicularity of the wall is controlled in a single-face line hanging mode in the field construction of wall building, but the flatness and the perpendicularity of the wall are required to be hung for many times or corrected by a guiding ruler along with the increase of the masonry, the operation is complex, and the wall building efficiency is reduced.
In conclusion, how to improve the wall masonry efficiency and effectively control the wall masonry verticality is an urgent problem to be solved by the technical personnel in the field at present.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the invention aims to provide a wall building perpendicularity control tool, which does not need to hang wires or use a guiding ruler to correct perpendicularity for multiple times along with the increase of a masonry, is simple to operate, and improves the wall building efficiency while ensuring the perpendicularity of the wall.
In addition, the invention also provides a building perpendicularity control method for the wall building perpendicularity control tool.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a wall building verticality control tool is used for being installed on a structural beam above a wall to be built and comprises a pair of beam clamping plates and at least one fastening steel wire, wherein the beam clamping plates are parallel to each other and used for clamping the structural beam;
two ends of the fastening steel wire are respectively connected with the two beam clamping plates, and the middle section of the fastening steel wire is parallel to the horizontal plane and is hung with at least two hanging lines with hanging weights.
Preferably, the two ends of the fastening steel wire penetrate through the beam clamping plate and the antiskid plate in sequence and then are bent to be parallel to the inner surface of the antiskid plate.
Preferably, the antiskid plates are arranged at the two ends of the beam clamping plate.
Preferably, both ends of the fastening steel wire are not parallel to the outer surface of the girder clamping plate.
Preferably, the clamped beam panel comprises a wooden formwork.
Preferably, the anti-skid plate comprises an anti-skid rubber plate.
A masonry verticality control method is used for the wall masonry verticality control tool, and comprises the following steps:
mounting the wall building verticality tool on a structural beam above a wall to be built, so that the middle section of a fastening steel wire of the wall building verticality tool is parallel to the horizontal plane;
adjusting the positions of the two hanging wires on the fastening steel wire to enable the two hanging wires to be respectively positioned at two sides of the wall body to be built;
building a wall by taking the hanging line as a vertical datum line;
and after the wall is built, disassembling the wall building verticality tool, or pushing the wall building verticality tool to the position above the next wall to be built.
When the tool is used, the beam clamping plates on two sides are clamped outside the opposite two side surfaces of the upper structural beam, the middle section of the fastening steel wire is adjusted to be parallel to the horizontal plane, and the beam clamping plates are suspended on the lower part of the structural beam by utilizing the friction force between the anti-slip plates and the surface of the structural beam; then, according to the hanging wire that will be equipped with the weight is tied in the middle section of fastening steel wire, make two hanging wires be located the both sides of the wall body of treating and living respectively to utilize the plumb line of hanging wire to rectify the straightness that hangs down and the roughness of brickwork.
When the length of the wall to be built is long, the beam clamping plate can be pushed to slide along the length direction of the structural beam as required so as to meet the verticality control requirement of the building body; after the masonry is completed, the tool can be detached or pushed to the upper side of the next wall body to be built along the length direction of the structural beam.
Because the hanging wire is hung on the structural beam through the fastening steel wire and the beam clamping plate and is higher than the top surface of the wall body to be built, the hanging wire does not need to be repeatedly hung along with the increase of the height of the masonry body or frequently used by a guiding ruler to check the verticality of the masonry body in the building process, the hanging wire can be always utilized as a vertical datum line to control the verticality of the masonry body, the building efficiency is ensured, and the building quality of the wall body is also ensured.
Preferably, both ends of the fastening steel wire may be disposed parallel to the outer surface of the girder clamping plate, so that the girder clamping plate is further pressed against the surface of the structural beam by the supporting force of the fastening steel wire to the girder clamping plate.
In addition, the invention also provides a building perpendicularity control method for the wall building perpendicularity control tool.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a specific embodiment of a wall masonry perpendicularity control tool provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial enlarged view of area A;
fig. 3 is an assembly schematic diagram of a wall building perpendicularity tool and a structural beam.
In fig. 1-3:
01 is a structural beam, 02 is a wall body, 1 is a beam clamping plate, 11 is an antiskid plate, 2 is a fastening steel wire, 3 is a hanging wire and 31 is a heavy hammer.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The core of the invention is to provide a wall building verticality control tool, which does not need to hang wires for many times along with the increase of a masonry or use a guiding rule to correct the verticality, is simple to operate, and improves the wall building efficiency while ensuring the verticality of the wall.
In addition, the invention also provides a building perpendicularity control method for the wall building perpendicularity control tool.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a wall masonry verticality control tool provided by the present invention; FIG. 2 is a partial enlarged view of area A; fig. 3 is an assembly schematic diagram of a wall building perpendicularity tool and a structural beam.
The invention provides a wall building verticality control tool, which is used for being arranged on a structural beam 01 above a wall 02 to be built, and comprises a pair of beam clamping plates 1 and at least one fastening steel wire 2 which are parallel to each other and used for clamping the structural beam 01, wherein the inner surfaces of the beam clamping plates 1 are provided with anti-skid plates 11 used for increasing friction force;
two ends of the fastening steel wire 2 are respectively connected with the two beam clamping plates 1, and the middle section of the fastening steel wire 2 is parallel to the horizontal plane and is hung with at least two hanging lines 3 hung with the heavy hammer 31.
The beam clamping plate 1 is arranged close to the surface of the structural beam 01, so that the wall building verticality control tool is clamped at the lower part of the structural beam 01, and the wall building verticality control tool can be formed by cutting common templates such as wood templates and plastic templates, is light in weight, and is convenient to obtain materials and process on a construction site.
Referring to fig. 2, the inner surface of the beam-clamping plate 1 is provided with an anti-slip plate 11 made of an anti-slip material with a large friction coefficient, so as to increase the friction force between the beam-clamping plate 1 and the surface of the structural beam 01, and the wall masonry verticality control tool is hung on the lower portion of the structural beam 01 by using the friction force.
The antiskid plate 11 can be covered with the whole length setting of pressing from both sides the beam slab 1, also can be as shown in fig. 1, is equipped with antiskid plate 11 at the both ends that press from both sides beam slab 1, and the concrete shape, the size and the setting position of antiskid plate 11 need be based on the whole quality determination of antiskid plate 11's material and wall body masonry straightness control frock of hanging down, and no longer repeated here.
In order to enhance the friction between the anti-skid plate 11 and the surface of the structural beam 01, the anti-skid plate 11 may be preferably made of anti-skid rubber, and has a large friction coefficient and good flexibility.
The fastening steel wires 2 are used for connecting the beam clamping plates 1 on two sides, and the number of the fastening steel wires 2 is determined according to the length of the beam clamping plates 1 in actual production; in order to facilitate the connection between the fastening steel wire 2 and the beam clamping plate 1, preferably, two ends of the fastening steel wire 2 can be arranged to penetrate through the beam clamping plate 1 and the antiskid plate 11 in sequence and then be bent to be parallel to the inner surface of the antiskid plate 11, so that the connection is convenient and the fastening steel wire 2 is effectively prevented from loosening.
Of course, the fastening steel wire 2 and the beam-clamping plate 1 may be connected by welding, screwing, or the like.
In order to better clamp the girder clamping plate 1 to the side surface of the structural girder 01, it is preferable that both ends of the fastening steel wire 2 are not parallel to the outer surface of the girder clamping plate 1, so that the supporting force of the fastening steel wire 2 on the girder clamping plate 1 can be decomposed into a pressure perpendicular to the girder clamping plate 1, which is advantageous to further press the girder clamping plate 1 to the surface of the structural girder 01.
In order to prevent the hanging wires 3 at the two sides from sliding to the same side of the masonry under the action of gravity, the middle section of the fastening steel wire 2 is arranged to be a horizontal section parallel to the horizontal plane; the length of the horizontal section needs to be larger than the thickness of the wall body 02 to be built, so that the hanging wires 3 are arranged on two sides of the wall body 02.
Of course, a concave recess may be formed in the middle section of the fastening steel wire 2, and the suspension wire 3 may be tied in the concave recess, so that the middle section of the fastening steel wire 2 does not need to be set to be a horizontal section.
The specific shape of the fastening wire 2 is not limited, and an octagon with one missing side as shown in fig. 1 may be provided, or a heptagon with one missing side or other geometric shapes may be provided.
The hanging wire 3 is tied at the middle section of the fastening steel wire 2, as shown in fig. 1, the hanging wire 3 can be hung on only one fastening steel wire 2, and of course, the hanging wire 3 can also be hung on each fastening steel wire 2; considering the thickness of the masonry, at least two hanging wires 3 are hung on one fastening steel wire 2 so as to effectively correct the verticality of the masonry and the flatness of two side faces of the masonry.
The length of the hanging line 3 is determined according to the height from the structural beam 01 to the wall 02 to be built, and the material and the size of the hanging line 3 and the material, the shape and the size of the heavy hammer 31 are determined according to actual construction requirements by referring to the prior art, which is not described in detail herein.
During construction, the beam clamping plates 1 on two sides are clamped outside the opposite two side surfaces of the upper structural beam 01, the middle sections of the fastening steel wires 2 are adjusted to be parallel to the horizontal plane, and the beam clamping plates 1 are hung on the lower part of the structural beam 01 by utilizing the friction force between the anti-skidding plates 11 and the surface of the structural beam 01; then, according to the fact that the hanging wire 3 provided with the weight 31 is tied to the middle section of the fastening steel wire 2, the two hanging wires 3 are respectively positioned at two sides of the wall body 02 to be erected, so that the verticality and the flatness of the masonry can be corrected by using the plumb line of the hanging wire 3.
When the length of the wall body 02 to be built is longer, the beam clamping plate 1 can be pushed to slide along the length direction of the structural beam 01 as required so as to meet the verticality control requirement of the building body; after the masonry is completed, the tool can be detached or pushed to the upper side of the next wall body 02 to be built along the length direction of the structural beam 01.
In this embodiment, the hanging wire 3 is hung on the structural beam 01 through the fastening steel wire 2 and the beam clamping plate 1, and the hanging wire 3 is higher than the top surface of the wall body 02 to be built, so that the hanging wire is not required to be repeatedly hung along with the increase of the height of the masonry in the building process or the guiding ruler is frequently used for checking the verticality of the masonry, the hanging wire 3 can be always used as a vertical reference line to control the verticality of the masonry, the building efficiency is guaranteed, and the building quality of the wall body is also guaranteed.
In addition to the tool for controlling the masonry perpendicularity of the wall, the invention also provides a masonry perpendicularity control method for the tool for controlling the masonry perpendicularity of the wall disclosed by the embodiment, which comprises the following steps:
step S1, mounting a wall building verticality tool on a structural beam 01 above a wall 02 to be built, and enabling the middle section of a fastening steel wire 2 of the wall building verticality tool to be parallel to the horizontal plane;
step S2, adjusting the positions of the two hanging wires 3 on the fastening steel wire 2 to ensure that the two hanging wires 3 are respectively positioned at two sides of the wall body 02 to be built;
step S3, building a wall 02 by taking the hanging line 3 as a vertical reference line;
and step S4, after the wall body 02 is built, detaching the wall body building perpendicularity tool, or pushing the wall body building perpendicularity tool to the position above the next wall body 02 to be built.
In this embodiment, because the hanging wire 3 is hung on the structural beam 01 through the wall building perpendicularity tool, and the top end of the hanging wire 3 is higher than the top surface of the wall 02 to be built, the heavy hammer 31 does not need to be hung again for multiple times along with the increase of the masonry or the perpendicularity of the masonry is corrected by using the guiding ruler, so that the perpendicularity and the building quality of the masonry are ensured, the building process of the wall 02 is greatly simplified, and the wall building efficiency is improved.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other.
The wall masonry verticality control tool and the wall masonry verticality control method provided by the invention are introduced in detail above. The principles and embodiments of the present invention have been described herein using specific examples, which are presented only to assist in understanding the method and its core concepts of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, it is possible to make various improvements and modifications to the present invention, and those improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A wall building verticality control tool is used for being installed on a structural beam (01) above a wall (02) to be built and is characterized by comprising a pair of beam clamping plates (1) which are parallel to each other and used for clamping the structural beam (01) and at least one fastening steel wire (2), wherein the inner surfaces of the beam clamping plates (1) are provided with anti-skid plates (11) used for increasing friction force;
the two ends of the fastening steel wire (2) are respectively connected with the two beam clamping plates (1), and the middle section of the fastening steel wire (2) is parallel to the horizontal plane and is provided with at least two hanging lines (3) hung with the heavy hammer (31).
2. The tool for controlling the masonry perpendicularity of the wall body according to claim 1, wherein two ends of the fastening steel wire (2) penetrate through the beam clamping plate (1) and the anti-skid plate (11) in sequence and then are bent to be parallel to the inner surface of the anti-skid plate (11).
3. The tool for controlling the masonry perpendicularity of the wall body according to claim 1, wherein the anti-skid plates (11) are arranged at two ends of the beam clamping plate (1).
4. The tool for controlling the masonry perpendicularity of the wall body according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein two ends of the fastening steel wire (2) are not parallel to the outer surface of the beam clamping plate (1).
5. The wall masonry perpendicularity control tool according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the beam clamping plate (1) comprises a wooden template.
6. The tool for controlling the masonry perpendicularity of the wall body according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the anti-slip plates (11) comprise anti-slip rubber plates.
7. A masonry perpendicularity control method for the wall masonry perpendicularity control tool according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized by comprising:
the method comprises the following steps that a wall building verticality tool is installed on a structural beam (01) above a wall (02) to be built, and the middle section of a fastening steel wire (2) of the wall building verticality tool is parallel to a horizontal plane;
adjusting the positions of the two hanging wires (3) on the fastening steel wire to enable the two hanging wires (3) to be respectively positioned at two sides of the wall body (02) to be built;
building a wall body (02) by taking the hanging line (3) as a vertical datum line;
and after the wall body (02) is built, detaching the wall body building perpendicularity tool, or pushing the wall body building perpendicularity tool to the position above the next wall body (02) to be built.
CN202210879865.4A 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 Wall building perpendicularity control tool and building perpendicularity control method Pending CN115045520A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210879865.4A CN115045520A (en) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 Wall building perpendicularity control tool and building perpendicularity control method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210879865.4A CN115045520A (en) 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 Wall building perpendicularity control tool and building perpendicularity control method

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN115045520A true CN115045520A (en) 2022-09-13

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2370955A1 (en) * 1976-11-10 1978-06-09 Bonnot Jean Pierre Support bracket for plumb-bob - has locating face and counterbalance to fit on brick wall
CN202187569U (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-04-11 中建七局第三建筑有限公司 Device for controlling perpendicularity and evenness of brickwork
CN102677873A (en) * 2012-05-12 2012-09-19 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Reinforcement method of double-plate type formwork supporting system
CN203285028U (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-11-13 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Formwork tool for plastering facade of cornice
CN107702633A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-02-16 中国三冶集团有限公司 A kind of quick inspection method of coke oven wall perpendicularity
CN208235980U (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-12-14 中建八局第一建设有限公司 A kind of filling walling assembly type messenger wire constructing device
CN209653447U (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-11-19 中建八局第一建设有限公司 It is a kind of for controlling the device of masonry mortar joint and flatness
CN210828386U (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-06-23 中国华冶科工集团有限公司 Masonry string line board fixing device
EP3779098A1 (en) * 2019-08-16 2021-02-17 Medien Falke UG (haftungsbeschränkt) Retaining clip for building materials, as well as a wall covering and a method for fixing wall covering elements
CN215368811U (en) * 2021-06-08 2021-12-31 陈华国 Assembled suspension wire construction equipment of infilled wall brickwork

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2370955A1 (en) * 1976-11-10 1978-06-09 Bonnot Jean Pierre Support bracket for plumb-bob - has locating face and counterbalance to fit on brick wall
CN202187569U (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-04-11 中建七局第三建筑有限公司 Device for controlling perpendicularity and evenness of brickwork
CN102677873A (en) * 2012-05-12 2012-09-19 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Reinforcement method of double-plate type formwork supporting system
CN203285028U (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-11-13 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Formwork tool for plastering facade of cornice
CN107702633A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-02-16 中国三冶集团有限公司 A kind of quick inspection method of coke oven wall perpendicularity
CN208235980U (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-12-14 中建八局第一建设有限公司 A kind of filling walling assembly type messenger wire constructing device
CN209653447U (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-11-19 中建八局第一建设有限公司 It is a kind of for controlling the device of masonry mortar joint and flatness
CN210828386U (en) * 2019-06-18 2020-06-23 中国华冶科工集团有限公司 Masonry string line board fixing device
EP3779098A1 (en) * 2019-08-16 2021-02-17 Medien Falke UG (haftungsbeschränkt) Retaining clip for building materials, as well as a wall covering and a method for fixing wall covering elements
CN215368811U (en) * 2021-06-08 2021-12-31 陈华国 Assembled suspension wire construction equipment of infilled wall brickwork

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Application publication date: 20220913