CN114812344A - Hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device - Google Patents

Hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114812344A
CN114812344A CN202210737819.0A CN202210737819A CN114812344A CN 114812344 A CN114812344 A CN 114812344A CN 202210737819 A CN202210737819 A CN 202210737819A CN 114812344 A CN114812344 A CN 114812344A
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China
Prior art keywords
rod
pressing block
motor
groove
gear
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CN202210737819.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114812344B (en
Inventor
张业朋
王宝川
刘长健
朱为彬
林鹏欣
高云
邢宝合
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SHANDONG YANTAI INST OF GEOL E
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SHANDONG YANTAI INST OF GEOL E
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Priority to CN202210737819.0A priority Critical patent/CN114812344B/en
Publication of CN114812344A publication Critical patent/CN114812344A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/02Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring length, width or thickness
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/04Means for attachment of apparatus; Means allowing adjustment of the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • F16M11/043Allowing translations
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/18Heads with mechanism for moving the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/14Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring distance or clearance between spaced objects or spaced apertures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/232Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g. remote control ; Control of cameras comprising an electronic image sensor
    • H04N5/23299Controlling the position of the camera for changing the field of view, e.g. panning, tilting or tracking of objects

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of hydraulic ring geological detection, and relates to a hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device which comprises a control box, a remote controller, a moving vehicle body, a width measuring mechanism, a position adjusting mechanism and a lifting mechanism, wherein the moving vehicle body is provided with a vehicle support plate, the vehicle support plate is provided with a detection window, the width measuring mechanism comprises a fixed support, a bidirectional screw rod, a balance slide rod, a first motor and two synchronous pressing blocks, scales are arranged on the fixed support, the front part of each synchronous pressing block is provided with a distance compensation assembly, a measuring plate is arranged on the compensation assembly, a steering assembly is arranged on the side wall of each synchronous pressing block, a camera is arranged on the steering assembly, and each synchronous pressing block is provided with a first threaded hole and a sliding hole. The method improves the measurement accuracy of the width of the crack, and has convenient operation and high safety.

Description

Hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hydraulic ring geological detection, in particular to a hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device.
Background
Hydrogeology is a short term for hydrogeology, engineering geology and environmental geology, and is mainly a geological work for investigating and evaluating geological conditions of underground water resources, engineering construction and natural environment. With the rapid development of economy, the geology of the natural environment is greatly changed, and the change of the geology has great influence on the life of human beings for a long time. In order to improve the natural environment and pay more and more attention to the protection of geology, the crack generated on the geological surface of the hydraulic ring can influence the human life and the urban development, so that in order to control the phenomenon in time, a professional instrument is needed to be used for measurement research; however, the existing hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device has the following problems: the height adjustment function is not provided, so that the measuring part of the device cannot be completely embedded into the crack, and the measuring result of the geological crack is influenced.
The utility model discloses a No. CN 113776476A's a water conservancy project ring geological crack measuring device, including fixed cavity, fixed cavity right side middle part fixedly connected with connecting rod, connecting rod right-hand member face fixedly connected with fixed frame, the fixed frame inner chamber transversely is equipped with the recess, the recess inner chamber is equipped with the connecting plate, connecting plate right-hand member face fixed connection sliding sleeve, the bar hole has been seted up to connecting plate terminal surface horizontal the central axis department, bar hole inner chamber right side fixedly connected with locking bolt, terminal surface before locking bolt's the nut laminating connecting plate, the sliding sleeve inner chamber vertically runs through and is provided with the spliced pole, equal fixedly connected with support column of terminal surface center department under spliced pole and the fixed cavity other, terminal surface fixedly connected with closed angle under the support column, terminal surface fixedly connected with width measuring device under the fixed frame, this patent simple structure, and convenient for operation, be convenient for measure the crack, be convenient for later stage construction.
The above devices, however, still have disadvantages: when a crack is measured, sharp corners and supporting columns on the left side and the right side are required to be inserted into soil, then a two-way screw rod is driven to rotate by a rotating hand wheel, so that two T-shaped measuring plates can move in opposite directions until the T-shaped measuring plates are attached to the side wall of the crack, in the process, the two T-shaped measuring plates must be attached to the side walls on the two sides of the crack synchronously, the accuracy of measured data can be ensured, then a central dividing line between the two T-shaped measuring plates must be aligned with a central dividing line of the crack, however, when the whole device is installed, the positions of the two T-shaped measuring plates are artificially judged, so that the central dividing line between the two T-shaped measuring plates is difficult to be aligned with the central dividing line of the crack, and therefore, one T-shaped measuring plate often collides with the side wall on one side of the crack, and the other T-shaped measuring plate has a certain gap from the side wall of the crack, this makes the measurement of the width of the crack less accurate.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the invention provides a hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device, aiming at solving the problem that the width of a measured crack is still not accurate enough in a comparison file in the background technology.
The invention provides a hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device, which comprises a control box and a remote controller in signal connection with the control box, and further comprises a moving vehicle body, a width measuring mechanism, a position adjusting mechanism for adjusting the position of the width measuring mechanism and a lifting mechanism for driving the width measuring mechanism to lift, wherein the moving vehicle body is provided with a vehicle carrier plate, the vehicle carrier plate is provided with a detection window, the width measuring mechanism comprises a fixed support, a bidirectional screw rod, a balance slide rod, a first motor and two synchronous pressing blocks, scales are arranged on the fixed support, the front part of the synchronous pressing block is provided with a distance compensation assembly, the compensation assembly is provided with a measuring plate, the side wall of the synchronous pressing block is provided with a steering assembly in transmission connection with the distance compensation assembly, the steering assembly is provided with a camera for observing numerical values, the synchronous pressing block is provided with a first threaded hole matched with the bidirectional screw rod and a slide hole matched with the balance slide rod, the bidirectional screw rod is rotatably arranged on the fixed support, the balance slide rod is fixedly arranged on the fixed support, the first motor is arranged on the side wall of the fixed support, the output end of the first motor is fixedly connected with one end of the bidirectional screw rod, the two synchronous pressing blocks are arranged on the bidirectional screw rod and the balance slide rod, the control box is arranged on the movable vehicle body, the position adjusting mechanism is arranged at the detection window of the vehicle carrier plate, the lifting mechanism is arranged on the position adjusting mechanism, the fixed support of the width measuring mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the lifting mechanism, and the width measuring mechanism, the adjusting mechanism and the lifting mechanism are all electrically connected with the control box; the horizontal position of the width measuring mechanism is adjusted by operating the position adjusting mechanism through the remote controller, so that a center dividing line between the two synchronous pressing blocks is roughly adjusted and aligned with a center dividing line of a crack, the lifting mechanism drives the width measuring mechanism to lift and move down to the crack, the two synchronous pressing blocks start to move in reverse, the synchronous pressing blocks which are abutted to the side wall can also buffer and move for a certain distance through the distance compensation assembly, the position of the measuring plate does not change, the rotation of the bidirectional screw rod is stopped when the other synchronous pressing block is abutted to the side wall on the other side, and the accuracy of measuring the width of the crack is improved.
The position adjusting mechanism comprises a longitudinally moving lead screw sliding table, a transversely moving lead screw sliding table and an angle adjusting assembly, wherein a moving frame body is installed on the transversely moving lead screw sliding table, an accommodating groove is formed in the bottom of the moving frame body, the longitudinally moving lead screw sliding table is arranged at the position of the detection window, the transversely moving lead screw sliding table is arranged on the longitudinally moving lead screw sliding table, the angle adjusting assembly is arranged at the top of the moving frame body, and the lifting mechanism is arranged on the angle adjusting assembly; the width measuring mechanism can move in both the front-rear and left-right axial directions.
The angle adjusting assembly comprises a rotating cover body, a second motor and a first gear, wherein a first external gear is mounted on the outer wall, close to the top, of the rotating cover body, the rotating cover body is rotatably arranged at the top of the moving frame body, the second motor is arranged at the top of the moving frame body and is positioned beside the rotating cover body, the first gear is arranged at the output end of the second motor, the first gear is meshed with the first external gear, and an adjusting window communicated with the accommodating groove is formed in the top of the moving frame body; the width measuring mechanism is capable of angular adjustment about the axis of the rotating mask body.
The lifting mechanism comprises a lifting screw, an L-shaped support, a third motor, a second gear, an installation seat and a guide seat, wherein a rotating ring is rotatably arranged at the top of the installation seat, a second threaded hole matched with the lifting screw is formed in the rotating ring, a second external gear is arranged on the outer wall of the rotating ring, a guide rod in sliding fit with the rotating ring is arranged in the guide seat, the installation seat, the guide seat and the L-shaped support are all arranged at the top of a rotating cover body, the installation seat and the rotating cover body are coaxial, the third motor is vertically arranged at the top of the L-shaped support, the second gear is arranged at the output end of the third motor and is meshed with the second external gear, and the top of the fixed support is fixedly connected with the bottoms of the lifting screw and the guide rod; the cooperation of the second screw hole that utilizes lifting screw and rotating ring makes the rotating ring can make lifting screw can go up and down when rotating, and width measurement mechanism can be close the crack promptly.
The distance compensation assembly comprises a compensation pressing block and a spring, the back of the compensation pressing block is provided with an installation groove, the front of the synchronous pressing block is provided with a chute, the compensation pressing block is arranged in the chute in a sliding manner, the spring is arranged in the chute, the spring is fixedly connected with the chute wall of the installation groove and the chute wall of the chute, and the measuring plate is fixedly connected with the compensation pressing block; after the compensation pressing block is pressed against the side wall of the crack, the compensation pressing block can retract into the sliding groove, and the position of the measuring plate is unchanged in the retracting process until the other compensation pressing block abuts against the side wall of the other side of the crack.
The steering assembly comprises a rotating seat, a steering rod and a linkage rod, a traction block is arranged on the side wall of the compensation pressing block, a traction rod is arranged at the top of the traction block, an avoiding groove for avoiding the traction block is formed in the side wall of the synchronous pressing block, the avoiding groove is communicated with the sliding groove, a fixing sleeve is arranged at the top of the steering rod, a moving groove for the traction rod to move is formed in the linkage rod, the rotating seat is arranged on the side wall of the synchronous pressing block, the steering rod is vertically and rotatably arranged on the rotating seat, the camera is arranged in the fixing sleeve, one end of the linkage rod is fixedly connected to the bottom of the steering rod, and the traction rod is located in the moving groove; when the compensation pressing block retracts into the sliding groove, the traction block and the traction rod can be driven to move synchronously, then the moving force is converted into the rotating force for rotating the steering rod, and the camera can be always aligned to the position pointed by the measuring plate.
The top of the measuring plate is provided with a T-shaped block integrally formed with the measuring plate, and the fixed support is provided with a guide groove in guide fit with the T-shaped block; the stability of the measurement plate is improved.
The detection device also comprises two stabilizing components, wherein the two stabilizing components are respectively positioned at the front side and the rear side of the detection window, each stabilizing component comprises an installation frame, a downward-pushing electric push rod and a fixing nail, a downward-moving through hole is formed in the vehicle support plate, the installation frame is installed at the top of the vehicle support plate and is connected with the downward-moving through hole, the downward-pushing electric push rod is vertically arranged at the top of the installation frame, the fixing nails are positioned in the installation frame, and the tops of the fixing nails are fixedly connected with the output end of the downward-pushing electric push rod; the stability of the whole movable vehicle body after being static is improved.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
first, the hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device can adjust the position of the width measuring mechanism through the position adjusting mechanism, so that the central dividing line between the two synchronous pressing blocks can be close to the central dividing line of the crack, and the distance of the measuring plate which is not collided with the side wall of the crack is compensated through the distance compensating assembly.
Secondly, according to the hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device, the whole device is moved by moving the vehicle body, manual operation of workers at the crack is not needed, and safety is improved.
Thirdly, when the compensation pressing block is retracted into the sliding chute, the camera can always face to the scale position pointed by the measuring plate through the steering assembly, and the problem that data of the measured crack width cannot be obtained timely due to the fact that the camera observes the wrong position is avoided.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention or the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the present invention or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a first structural schematic diagram of a hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram II of the hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a first schematic structural diagram of the position adjustment mechanism and the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a second schematic structural view of the position adjustment mechanism and the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a third schematic structural view of the position adjustment mechanism and the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the width measuring mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a partial cross-sectional view of the width measuring mechanism of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. a control box; 2. a width measuring mechanism; 21. fixing a bracket; 211. calibration; 212. a guide groove; 22. a bidirectional screw rod; 23. a balance slide bar; 24. a first motor; 25. a synchronous pressing block; 251. a chute; 252. an avoidance groove; 253. a first threaded hole; 254. a slide hole; 26. a distance compensation component; 261. a compensation pressing block; 262. a spring; 263. mounting grooves; 264. a pulling block; 265. a traction rod; 27. measuring a plate; 271. a T-shaped block; 28. a steering assembly; 281. a rotating seat; 282. a steering lever; 283. a linkage rod; 284. fixing a sleeve; 285. a moving groove; 29. a camera; 3. a position adjustment mechanism; 31. longitudinally moving the screw rod sliding table; 32. transversely moving the screw rod sliding table; 321. moving the frame body; 322. accommodating grooves; 323. adjusting the window; 33. an angle adjustment assembly; 331. rotating the cover body; 332. a second motor; 333. a first gear; 334. a first external gear; 4. a lifting mechanism; 41. a lifting screw; 42. an L-shaped bracket; 43. a third motor; 44. a second gear; 45. a mounting seat; 451. a rotating ring; 452. a second external gear; 46. a guide seat; 461. a guide rod; 5. a stabilizing assembly; 51. installing a frame; 52. pushing down the electric push rod; 53. fixing nails; 6. moving the vehicle body; 61. a vehicle loading plate; 611. detecting a window; 612. and moving the through hole downwards.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 to 7, the hydraulic ring geological crack measuring apparatus includes a control box 1 and a remote controller in signal connection with the control box 1, and a worker can control the relevant mechanisms to work by operating the remote controller, and further includes a moving vehicle body 6, a width measuring mechanism 2, a position adjusting mechanism 3, and a lifting mechanism 4, wherein the moving vehicle body 6 can travel to the crack without being manually pushed by the worker, so that the safety is improved, the moving vehicle body 6 is provided with a vehicle support plate 61, the vehicle support plate 61 is provided with a detection window 611, the width measuring mechanism 2 includes a fixed support 21, a two-way screw rod 22, a balance slide rod 23, a first motor 24, and two synchronous pressing blocks 25, the fixed support 21 is provided with scales 211, the front portion of the synchronous pressing block 25 is provided with a distance compensation assembly 26, the compensation assembly is provided with a measurement plate 27, in order to improve the stability of the measurement plate 27 during movement, therefore, a T-shaped block 271 integrated with the measuring plate 27 is arranged at the top of the measuring plate 27, a guide groove 212 in guiding fit with the T-shaped block 271 is arranged on the fixed bracket 21, the moving stability of the measuring plate 27 is improved through the T-shaped block 271 and the guide groove 212, a steering component 28 in transmission connection with the distance compensation component 26 is arranged on the side wall of the synchronous pressing block 25, a camera 29 is arranged on the steering component 28, a first threaded hole 253 matched with the bidirectional screw rod 22 and a sliding hole 254 matched with the balance slide rod 23 are arranged on the synchronous pressing block 25, the bidirectional screw rod 22 is rotatably arranged on the fixed bracket 21, the balance slide rod 23 is fixedly arranged on the fixed bracket 21, the first motor 24 is arranged on the side wall of the fixed bracket 21, the output end of the first motor 24 is fixedly connected with one end of the bidirectional screw rod 22, the two synchronous pressing blocks 25 are arranged on the bidirectional screw rod 22 and the balance slide rod 23, the first motor 24 drives the two-way screw rod 22 to rotate, the two-way screw rod 22 can drive the two synchronous pressing blocks 25 to move relatively or reversely, the two measuring plates 27 and the two synchronous pressing blocks 25 move synchronously, the distance between the scales 211 indicated by the two measuring plates 27 is the width of a crack, the positions of the scales 211 indicated by the measuring plates 27 are observed through the two cameras 29, the control box 1 is arranged on the moving vehicle body 6, the position adjusting mechanism 3 is arranged at the detection window 611 of the vehicle supporting plate 61, the lifting mechanism 4 is arranged on the position adjusting mechanism 3, the fixing support 21 of the width measuring mechanism 2 is arranged at the bottom of the lifting mechanism 4, and the width measuring mechanism 2, the position adjusting mechanism 3 and the lifting mechanism 4 are all electrically connected with the control box 1.
Preferably, the measurement plate 27 may be L-shaped or U-shaped.
The movable vehicle body 6 is ensured not to be deviated after stopping moving, so the stabilizing components 5 are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the detection window 611, each stabilizing component 5 comprises an installation frame 51, a push-down electric push rod 52 and a fixing nail 53, a downward moving through hole 612 is formed in the vehicle support plate 61, the installation frame 51 is installed at the top of the vehicle support plate 61, the installation frame 51 is connected with the downward moving through hole 612, the push-down electric push rod 52 is vertically arranged at the top of the installation frame 51, the fixing nails 53 are located in the installation frame 51, the tops of the fixing nails 53 are fixedly connected with the output end of the push-down electric push rod 52, the push-down electric push rod 52 pushes the fixing nails 53 out of the installation frame 51 and inserts the fixing nails into soil, and the stability of the whole device is improved.
The position of the whole width measuring mechanism 2 is adjusted by the position adjusting mechanism 3, so that the central dividing line between the two synchronous pressing blocks 25 is close to the central dividing line of the crack, the position adjusting mechanism 3 comprises a longitudinally moving screw rod sliding table 31, a transversely moving screw rod sliding table 32 and an angle adjusting assembly 33, a moving frame 321 is installed on the transversely moving screw rod sliding table 32, an accommodating groove 322 is formed in the bottom of the moving frame 321, the longitudinally moving screw rod sliding table 31 is arranged at the detection window 611, the transversely moving screw rod sliding table 32 is arranged on the longitudinally moving screw rod sliding table 31, the angle adjusting assembly 33 is arranged at the top of the moving frame 321, the lifting mechanism 4 is arranged on the angle adjusting assembly 33, the longitudinally moving screw rod sliding table 31 can drive the transversely moving screw rod sliding table 32 to translate back and forth, the transversely moving screw rod sliding table 32 can drive the lifting mechanism 4 and the width measuring mechanism 2 to translate left and right, that is, the entire width measuring mechanism 2 can perform both axial position adjustment in the front, rear, left, and right directions.
Further, since the position of the width measuring mechanism may not be perpendicular to the crack when the movable car body 6 stops at the crack, the width measuring mechanism needs to be adjusted to be perpendicular, and this can be achieved by the angle adjusting assembly 33, the angle adjusting assembly 33 includes a rotating cover 331, a second motor 332 and a first gear 333, a first external gear 334 is mounted on an outer wall of the rotating cover 331 near the top, the rotating cover 331 is rotatably disposed on the top of the movable frame 321, the second motor 332 is located beside the rotating cover 331, the first gear 333 is disposed on an output end of the second motor 332, the first gear 333 is engaged with the first external gear 334, an adjusting window 323 communicating with the accommodating groove 322 is disposed on the top of the movable frame 321, the first gear 333 is driven to rotate by the second motor 332, the first gear 333 drives the first external gear 334 and the rotating cover 331 to rotate around the axis of the rotating cover 331, and the lifting mechanism 4 and the width measuring mechanism also rotate along with the rotation, that is, the width measuring mechanism has a function of triaxial adjustment.
Preferably, since the worker stands at a position far from the crack to operate the position adjustment mechanism 3 by operating the remote controller, the worker may have an error in judgment due to the excessive distance, and the worker may operate the position adjustment mechanism by operating the remote controller all the way by observing with the naked eye, the camera 29 may be installed at the bottom of the movable frame 321, and the camera 29 may be used to observe the position adjustment process of the width measurement mechanism.
After the position adjustment is completed, the width measuring mechanism is driven to descend into the crack through the lifting mechanism 4, the lifting mechanism 4 comprises a lifting screw 41, an L-shaped support 42, a third motor 43, a second gear 44, an installation seat 45 and a guide seat 46, a rotating ring 451 is rotatably arranged at the top of the installation seat 45, a second threaded hole matched with the lifting screw 41 is formed in the rotating ring 451, a second external gear 452 is arranged on the outer wall of the rotating ring 451, a guide rod 461 in sliding fit with the guide seat 46 is arranged in the guide seat 46, the installation seat 45, the guide seat 46 and the L-shaped support 42 are all arranged at the top of the rotating cover body 331, the installation seat 45 and the rotating cover body 331 are coaxial, the third motor 43 is vertically arranged at the top of the L-shaped support 42, the second gear 44 is arranged at the output end of the third motor 43, the second gear 44 is meshed with the second external gear 452, the top of the fixed support 21 is connected with the lifting screw 41, The bottom of the guide rod 461 is fixedly connected; the third motor 43 operates to drive the second gear 44 to rotate, the second gear 44 drives the second external gear 452 and the rotating ring 451 to rotate on the mounting seat 45, the rotating ring 451 rotates and then enables the lifting screw 41 to descend by utilizing the threaded fit between the second threaded hole and the lifting screw 41, and the guide rod 461 and the guide seat 46 are in guide fit, so that the stability of the width measuring mechanism 2 during descending can be improved.
Then, the width measuring mechanism 2 starts to work, the first motor 24 drives the bidirectional screw rod 22 to rotate, the moving distance of the synchronous pressing block 25 is compensated through the distance compensation assembly 26, the distance compensation assembly 26 comprises a compensation pressing block 261 and a spring 262, the back of the compensation pressing block 261 is provided with a mounting groove 263, the front of the synchronous pressing block 25 is provided with a sliding groove 251, the compensation pressing block 261 is arranged in the sliding groove 251 in a sliding manner, the spring 262 is arranged in the sliding groove 251, the spring 262 is fixedly connected with the groove wall of the mounting groove 263 and the groove wall of the sliding groove 251, the measuring plate 27 is fixedly connected with the compensation pressing block 261, after one compensation pressing block 261 presses preferentially to the crack side wall, the compensation pressing block 261 is pressed into the sliding groove 251 by the crack side wall because the bidirectional screw rod 22 still rotates continuously, and the position of the measuring plate 27 connected with the compensation pressing block 261 cannot change when the synchronous pressing block 25 moves, and the measuring plate 27 on the other synchronous pressing block 25 can still move continuously until the other compensating pressing block 261 presses against the other side wall of the crack, and the rotation of the bidirectional screw rod 22 is stopped, at this time, the crack width measured by the two measuring plates 27 is very accurate.
Because the whole width of the compensation pressing block 261 and the synchronous pressing block 25 is gradually reduced in the process that the compensation pressing block 261 is retracted into the sliding groove 251, and the camera 29 still moves synchronously along with the movement of the synchronous pressing block 25, so that the measurement plate 27 cannot be observed at the final observation position of the camera 29, the steering assembly 28 is arranged to enable the camera 29 to turn when the compensation pressing block 261 is retracted into the sliding groove 251, so that the camera 29 always faces the measurement plate 27, the steering assembly 28 comprises a rotating seat 281, a steering rod 282 and a linkage rod 283, a traction block 264 is arranged on the side wall of the compensation pressing block 261, a traction rod 265 is arranged at the top of the traction block 264, an avoiding groove 252 for avoiding the traction block 264 is arranged on the side wall of the synchronous pressing block 25, the avoiding groove 252 is communicated with the sliding groove 251, a fixing sleeve 284 is arranged at the top of the steering rod 282, a moving groove 285 for moving the traction rod 283 is arranged on the linkage rod 283, the rotating seat 281 is arranged on the side wall of the synchronous pressing block 25, the steering rod 282 is vertically and rotatably arranged on the rotating seat 281, the camera 29 is arranged in the fixing sleeve 284, one end of the linkage rod 283 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the steering rod 282, and the pull rod 265 is positioned in the moving groove 285; when the compensation pressing block 261 retracts into the sliding groove 251, the compensation pressing block 261 drives the pulling block 264 to move synchronously, the pulling block 264 drives the pulling rod 265, the pulling rod 265 drives one end of the linkage rod 283 to move, the moving groove 285 provides a moving space for the pulling rod 265 to move, the pulling rod 265 is prevented from being locked, then the other end of the linkage rod 283 drives the steering rod 282 to rotate around the axis of the steering rod 282, and therefore the placing angle of the camera 29 located on the fixing sleeve 284 is changed, namely the camera 29 can be always aligned to the position pointed by the measuring plate 27.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device, includes control box (1) and the remote control ware of signal connection with control box (1), its characterized in that still includes and removes automobile body (6), width measurement mechanism (2), be used for adjusting position adjustment mechanism (3) of width measurement mechanism (2) position and be used for driving elevating system (4) that width measurement mechanism (2) go up and down, be equipped with vehicle carrying board (61) on removing automobile body (6), be equipped with detection window (611) on vehicle carrying board (61), width measurement mechanism (2) include fixed bolster (21), two-way lead screw (22), balance slide bar (23), first motor (24) and two synchronous abutting block (25), be equipped with scale (211) on fixed bolster (21), the front portion of synchronous abutting block (25) is equipped with distance compensation subassembly (26), the device is characterized in that the compensation assembly is provided with a measuring plate (27), the side wall of the synchronous pressing block (25) is provided with a steering assembly (28) in transmission connection with the distance compensation assembly (26), the steering assembly (28) is provided with a camera (29) for observing numerical values, the synchronous pressing block (25) is provided with a first threaded hole (253) matched with the two-way screw rod (22) and a sliding hole (254) matched with the balance sliding rod (23), the two-way screw rod (22) is rotatably arranged on the fixed support (21), the balance sliding rod (23) is fixedly arranged on the fixed support (21), the first motor (24) is arranged on the side wall of the fixed support (21), the output end of the first motor (24) is fixedly connected with one end of the two-way screw rod (22), and the two synchronous pressing blocks (25) are arranged on the two-way screw rod (22) and the balance sliding rod (23), the control box (1) is arranged on the movable vehicle body (6), the position adjusting mechanism (3) is arranged at a detection window (611) of the vehicle carrier plate (61), the lifting mechanism (4) is arranged on the position adjusting mechanism (3), the fixing support (21) of the width measuring mechanism (2) is arranged at the bottom of the lifting mechanism (4), and the width measuring mechanism (2), the adjusting mechanism and the lifting mechanism (4) are all electrically connected with the control box (1).
2. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 1, wherein: position adjustment mechanism (3) are including longitudinal movement lead screw slip table (31), lateral shifting lead screw slip table (32) and angle adjusting part (33), install removal framework (321) on lateral shifting lead screw slip table (32), holding tank (322) have been seted up to the bottom of removal framework (321), longitudinal shifting lead screw slip table (31) set up in detection window (611) department, lateral shifting lead screw slip table (32) set up on longitudinal shifting lead screw slip table (31), angle adjusting part (33) set up the top at removal framework (321), elevating system (4) set up on angle adjusting part (33).
3. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 2, wherein: the angle adjusting assembly (33) is including rotating the cover body (331), second motor (332) and first gear (333), rotate the cover body (331) and install first outer gear (334) on being close to the outer wall at top, rotate the cover body (331) and rotate the top that sets up at removal framework (321), second motor (332) set up the top at removal framework (321), and second motor (332) are located the side of rotating the cover body (331), first gear (333) set up on the output of second motor (332), and first gear (333) and first outer gear (334) meshing, adjustment window (323) with holding tank (322) intercommunication are seted up to the top of removing framework (321).
4. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 3, wherein: the lifting mechanism (4) comprises a lifting screw rod (41), an L-shaped support (42), a third motor (43), a second gear (44), a mounting seat (45) and a guide seat (46), a rotating ring (451) is rotatably arranged at the top of the mounting seat (45), a second threaded hole matched with the lifting screw rod (41) is formed in the rotating ring (451), a second external gear (452) is arranged on the outer wall of the rotating ring (451), a guide rod (461) in sliding fit with the guide seat (46), the mounting seat (45), the guide seat (46) and the L-shaped support (42) are all arranged at the top of a rotating cover body (331), the mounting seat (45) and the rotating cover body (331) are coaxial, the third motor (43) is vertically arranged at the top of the L-shaped support (42), and the second gear (44) is arranged at the output end of the third motor (43), and the second gear (44) is meshed with the second external gear (452), and the top of the fixed support (21) is fixedly connected with the lifting screw rod (41) and the bottom of the guide rod (461).
5. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 1, wherein: the distance compensation assembly (26) comprises a compensation pressing block (261) and a spring (262), a mounting groove (263) is formed in the back of the compensation pressing block (261), a sliding groove (251) is formed in the front of the synchronous pressing block (25), the compensation pressing block (261) is arranged in the sliding groove (251) in a sliding mode, the spring (262) is arranged in the sliding groove (251), the spring (262) is fixedly connected with the groove wall of the mounting groove (263) and the groove wall of the sliding groove (251), and the measurement plate (27) is fixedly connected with the compensation pressing block (261).
6. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 5, wherein: the steering assembly (28) comprises a rotating seat (281), a steering rod (282) and a linkage rod (283), a traction block (264) is arranged on the side wall of the compensation pressing block (261), a traction rod (265) is arranged at the top of the traction block (264), an avoiding groove (252) for avoiding the traction block (264) is formed in the side wall of the synchronous pressing block (25), the avoiding groove (252) is communicated with a sliding groove (251), a fixing sleeve (284) is arranged at the top of the steering rod (282), a moving groove (285) for the traction rod (265) to move is formed in the linkage rod (283), the rotating seat (281) is arranged on the side wall of the synchronous pressing block (25), the steering rod (282) is vertically and rotatably arranged on the rotating seat (281), a camera (29) is arranged in the fixing sleeve (284), one end of the linkage rod (283) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the steering rod (282), the pulling rod (265) is positioned in the moving groove (285).
7. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 1, wherein: the top of the measuring plate (27) is provided with a T-shaped block (271) which is integrally formed with the measuring plate, and the fixed support (21) is provided with a guide groove (212) which is in guide fit with the T-shaped block (271).
8. The hydraulic ring geological fracture measurement device of claim 1, wherein: still include two firm subassemblies (5), two firm subassemblies (5) are located the front and back both sides of detecting window (611) respectively, firm subassembly (5) are including installing frame (51), push down electric putter (52) and staple (53), through-hole (612) have been seted up down on vehicle-carrying plate (61), the top at vehicle-carrying plate (61) is installed in installing frame (51), and installing frame (51) with move down through-hole (612) and link up, push down electric putter (52) are the top of vertical setting at installing frame (51), staple (53) are located installing frame (51), and the top of staple (53) and the output fixed connection of push down electric putter (52).
CN202210737819.0A 2022-06-28 2022-06-28 Hydraulic ring geological crack measuring device Active CN114812344B (en)

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