CN114809486A - Building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device and using method thereof - Google Patents

Building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114809486A
CN114809486A CN202210507556.4A CN202210507556A CN114809486A CN 114809486 A CN114809486 A CN 114809486A CN 202210507556 A CN202210507556 A CN 202210507556A CN 114809486 A CN114809486 A CN 114809486A
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China
Prior art keywords
sun
gear
fixed
window
gears
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CN202210507556.4A
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CN114809486B (en
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肖世杰
邓友雄
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Seaview Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Seaview Construction Engineering Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F10/00Sunshades, e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies; Outside screens; Awnings or baldachins
    • E04F10/08Sunshades, e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies; Outside screens; Awnings or baldachins of a plurality of similar rigid parts, e.g. slabs, lamellae
    • E04F10/10Sunshades, e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies; Outside screens; Awnings or baldachins of a plurality of similar rigid parts, e.g. slabs, lamellae collapsible or extensible; metallic Florentine blinds; awnings with movable parts such as louvres
    • B08B1/12
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building sun shading, in particular to a building energy-saving heat-preservation sun shading device and a using method thereof. According to the invention, the two motors drive the gears I at the respective output ends to rotate in the same direction or drive the gears I at the respective output ends to rotate in the opposite direction, so that the two gears II drive the L-shaped shafts to rotate left and right transversely or downwards longitudinally through the gears IV, and the sun shield is flexibly combined at the transverse adjusting position and the longitudinal adjusting position, so that the sun shield can shield sunlight at different direct angles and direct heights, and the sun shield effect of the sun shield is improved.

Description

Building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building sun shading, in particular to a building energy-saving heat-preservation sun shading device and a using method thereof.
Background
Along with the arrival in summer, the sunshade has obvious effect on improving the indoor living comfort, the building sunshade aims at blocking direct sunlight, preventing the direct sunlight penetrating through window glass from causing indoor overheating and causing heat radiation to the indoor environment, in order to improve the sunshade effect on buildings, a sunshade device is often required to be installed at the window position of the building, a common sunshade device is provided with a sunshade, the sunshade is simple in structure and is fixedly installed at the top of the outer side of a window of the building, the sunshade can only shield the sunlight irradiation in a certain direction due to the fact that the position of the sunshade is not easy to adjust, the sunlight irradiation above the window is usually blocked, but the angle of the sunlight irradiation to the window position in different periods is constantly changed, the sunshade with the position not easy to adjust can not effectively shield the sunlight irradiation in different periods, and in addition, most sunshade devices are not easy to store, when not in use, the sunshade device occupies larger building peripheral space, dust and other sundries can be attached to the sunshade device exposed outdoors for a long time, and most sunshade devices are not easy to clean.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the technical problems, the invention aims to provide an energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device for buildings and a using method thereof, wherein one motor drives a gear I at the left end of a positioning block to rotate clockwise, the other motor drives a gear I at the right end of the positioning block to rotate anticlockwise (the left-right position relation refers to an explanatory figure 9), so that the gears at the two sides of the positioning block respectively drive gears II at corresponding positions to rotate anticlockwise on a shaft, the two gears II are meshed with a clamping gear II to synchronously rotate anticlockwise, so that an L-shaped shaft fixedly connected with the gear II drives a sun-shading board to rotate in the vertical direction to adjust the position, when the sun-shading board is adjusted to rotate to form an included angle with a wall surface which is larger than 0 degree and smaller than 90 degrees, the sun-shading of the sun-shading board at different positions in the vertical direction is realized, and the change of the direct sunlight height at different time periods is met, when the sun visor rotates to adjust the included angle between the sun visor and the wall surface to be 90 degrees (refer to an instruction figure 13), rainwater on a rainy day is convenient to drop onto a window through the sun visor, when the sun visor rotates to adjust the included angle to be parallel to the wall surface (refer to an instruction figure 14), at the moment, the sun visor can prevent a strong wind weather, wind directly blows into a room through the window, a gap between the sun visor and the window is convenient for indoor and outdoor air exchange, the gear III at the left end of the positioning block drives the gear II fixedly connected with the positioning block to rotate clockwise, the gear III at the right end of the positioning block drives the gear II fixedly connected with the positioning block to rotate anticlockwise, the clockwise rotation of the gear II and the anticlockwise rotation of the gear II enable the gear IV to drive the L-shaped shaft to rotate anticlockwise, so that the L-shaped shaft drives the sun visor to rotate to the adjusting position towards the left end of the positioning block in the horizontal direction, and similarly, when the two motors simultaneously drive the gear I at the output ends of the two motors to rotate clockwise, the gear IV can realize that the gear IV passes through the L-shaped shaft The shaft drives the sun shield to rotate the adjusting position to the right end of the positioning block in the horizontal direction, the sun shield horizontally rotates the adjusting position, the adjusting position which can be self-adaptive to the sun shield can be conveniently shaded when the sunlight direct-irradiation angles change at different periods, the sun shield can be vertically adjusted to a certain position and then can be horizontally adjusted, the vertically adjusted position of the sun shield is flexibly combined with the horizontally adjusted position, and the sun shield effect of the sun shield is favorably improved.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device and a using method thereof comprise a building wall body, wherein a sun-shading board is arranged on the outer side of a window of the building wall body, the sun-shading board comprises a bearing plate, a movable plate is slidably connected inside the bearing plate, a rectangular frame is fixed at one end of the movable plate, rectangular blocks are fixed at the top and the bottom of one end of the bearing plate, connecting rods are fixed at two sides of the movable plate, a first convex block is fixed at one end of each connecting rod, a second convex block is fixed at two sides of the bearing plate, a resetting piece is arranged between the second convex block and the first convex block at the corresponding position, a transmission mechanism for driving the sun-shading board to move is arranged on the outer side, close to the top of the window, of the building wall body, the transmission mechanism comprises a positioning block fixedly connected with the building wall body, Contraband-shaped shafts are rotatably connected at two sides of the positioning block, and a second gear is rotatably connected at one end of each Contraband-shaped shaft, a connecting block is fixed between the other ends of the Contraband-shaped shafts, a gear III is fixed on one side of the gear II, which is far away from the positioning block, the middle part of the connecting block is rotatably connected with an L-shaped shaft fixedly connected with the bearing plate, one end of the L-shaped shaft is fixed with a gear IV in meshing transmission with the two gear II, one side of the building wall body, which is close to the indoor space, is fixed with two motors for respectively driving the gear III at the corresponding position to rotate, the two motors drive the gear I at respective output ends to rotate in the same direction or reversely drive the gear I at respective output ends to rotate, so that the two gears drive the L-shaped shaft to rotate transversely and leftwards or downwards through the gear IV, the transverse adjusting position and the longitudinal adjusting position are flexibly combined together, the sun visor can shield the sunlight with different direct angles and direct heights, and the sun-shielding effect of the sun visor can be improved, the bearing plate can be stored through the movable plate on the sun shield, and the sun shield is stored.
Further, the method comprises the following steps: the inner sides of the two ends of the rectangular frame are respectively fixed with a first connecting column fixedly connected with the movable plate, the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame can be respectively fixed with a first cleaning brush attached to the bearing plate in a detachable mode, one side, close to the movable plate, of the rectangular block can be fixed with a second cleaning brush attached to the movable plate in a detachable mode, the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame are respectively used for cleaning the top surface and the bottom surface of the bearing plate, and the second cleaning brush on the rectangular block is used for cleaning the top surface and the bottom surface of the movable plate, so that the sun shield can be automatically cleaned in the moving and accommodating process.
Further, the method comprises the following steps: one end of the connecting rod is fixed with a second connecting column fixedly connected with the moving plate, and sliding grooves which are connected with the second connecting column in the corresponding positions in a sliding mode are formed in the two sides of the bearing plate, so that the connecting rod can move along with the moving plate and move on the side of the bearing plate synchronously.
Further, the method comprises the following steps: two breachs have been seted up to the one end that the movable plate deviates from rectangular frame, the breach rigidity has a connecting seat, the connecting seat rotates through the axis of rotation and is connected with the triangular block, be provided with torsion spring between axis of rotation and the connecting seat, the triangular block can be convenient for satisfy the demand of sunshading board at the slope of window front side to the direction rotation of movable plate, and torsion spring makes the sunshading board when setting up, and the triangular block can get back to initial position cooperation movable plate automatically and carry out the sunshade.
Further, the method comprises the following steps: the reset piece comprises a first sleeve fixedly connected with a second bump, a second sleeve is slidably connected inside the first sleeve, a third sleeve is slidably connected inside the second sleeve, and a sliding rod fixedly connected with the first bump is slidably connected inside the third sleeve, so that the reset spring is always along the straight line direction in the contraction and movement process, and the reset spring is prevented from being bent during compression.
The method is further characterized in that: the reset spring sleeved on the outer sides of the first sleeve, the second sleeve, the third sleeve and the slide rod is fixed between the first projection and the second projection, the corrugated pipe is sleeved on the outer side of the reset spring, two ends of the corrugated pipe are fixedly connected with the first projection and the second projection at corresponding positions respectively, the corrugated pipe can be contracted and extended, the corrugated pipe can be wrapped on the outer side of the reset spring at any time conveniently, and the reset spring is protected.
The method is further characterized in that: the indoor side of the building wall is fixedly provided with a controller used for controlling the motor to rotate, the output end of the motor is fixedly provided with a connecting shaft, one end of the connecting shaft penetrating through the building wall is fixedly provided with a gear I which is in meshing transmission with a gear III at a corresponding position, and therefore the motor drives the gear to rotate, and the two gears drive the transmission mechanism to operate.
Further, the method comprises the following steps: the outside of drive mechanism is provided with the protection casing with building wall fixed connection, the inside of protection casing is fixed with the dust hood, and the protection casing realizes rigid support protection drive mechanism, and the dust hood is made by soft cloth, and the top layer of cloth can set up the waterproof layer, and similar car shelves cover the shelves of below, can prevent that rainwater and dust from getting into drive mechanism, also is convenient for along with the removal that the L shape axle removed and carries out the adaptability.
A use method of a building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device specifically comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the first gears at the left end and the right end of the positioning block respectively rotate clockwise and anticlockwise, and the third gears respectively drive the second gears at corresponding positions to be meshed with the fourth clamping gear so as to enable the fourth clamping gear to move upwards of a window in the vertical direction;
step two: the gear IV drives the sun shield to rise in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft to shield the sunlight in a period with higher direct projection height;
step three: the first gears at the left end and the right end of the positioning block rotate anticlockwise and clockwise respectively, and the second gears are meshed with the clamping gear IV to enable the clamping gear IV to move below the window in the vertical direction;
step four: the gear IV drives the sun shield to descend in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft to shield the sunlight at a lower direct projection height period;
step five: the two first gears rotate anticlockwise, and the third gears at the left end and the right end of the positioning block rotate towards the lower side of the window and the upper side of the window respectively;
step six: the gear IV drives the sun shield to transversely rotate to the left end of the window through the L-shaped shaft to adjust the position, so as to shield sunlight at different direct incidence angles;
step seven: the two first gears rotate clockwise, and the third gears at the left end and the right end of the positioning block rotate towards the upper part of the window and the lower part of the window respectively;
step eight: the gear IV drives the sun shield to transversely rotate to the right end of the window through the L-shaped shaft to adjust the position, and the sunlight with different direct incidence angles is shielded again;
step nine: the sun shield is rotated towards the building wall, and the movable plate on the sun shield is gradually stored into the bearing plate under the extrusion action of the wall surface, so that the sun shield is stored;
step ten: the top surface and the bottom surface of loading board are cleaned respectively to the cleaning brush of top surface and interior bottom surface in the rectangular frame, and the top surface and the bottom surface of two clean movable plates of cleaning brush on the rectangular block realize that the sunshading board carries out self-cleaning when accomodating.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. one motor drives a gear I at the left end of a positioning block to rotate clockwise, the other motor drives a gear I at the right end of the positioning block to rotate anticlockwise (the left-right position relation refers to an explanatory book figure 9), so that gears II at the two sides of the positioning block respectively drive gears II at corresponding positions to rotate anticlockwise, two gears II are matched with a meshing clamping gear II to synchronously rotate anticlockwise, an L-shaped shaft fixedly connected with the gears II drives a sun shield to rotate and adjust the position in the vertical direction, when the sun shield rotates and is adjusted to form an included angle with a wall surface which is larger than 0 degree and smaller than 90 degrees, sun shield at different positions in the vertical direction is realized, the change of direct sunlight height in different time periods is met, when the sun shield rotates and is adjusted to form an included angle with the wall surface which is 90 degrees (refer to an explanatory book figure 13), the rain water in a rainy day can be prevented from dripping on a window conveniently at the moment, when the sun visor rotates and is adjusted to be parallel to the wall surface (refer to the specification and the drawing 14), the sun visor can prevent wind from directly blowing into a room through a window in strong wind weather, and the gap between the sun visor and the window is convenient for air flow exchange between the room and the outside;
2. the gear III at the left end of the positioning block drives the gear II fixedly connected with the positioning block to rotate clockwise, the gear III at the right end of the positioning block drives the gear II fixedly connected with the positioning block to rotate anticlockwise, one gear II rotates clockwise and is matched with the gear II to drive the gear IV to rotate anticlockwise through the L-shaped shaft, so that the L-shaped shaft drives the sun shield to rotate to the left end of the positioning block in the horizontal direction to adjust the position, similarly, when two motors simultaneously drive the gear I at the output end of the motor to rotate clockwise, the gear IV drives the sun shield to rotate to the right end of the positioning block in the horizontal direction through the L-shaped shaft to adjust the position, the sun shield rotates horizontally and transversely to adjust the position, the sun shield can adaptively adjust the position to shield sunlight at different periods when the sunlight direct angle changes, and can transversely adjust the position after being longitudinally adjusted to a certain position, the longitudinal adjusting position and the transverse adjusting position of the sun shield are flexibly combined together, so that the sun-shading effect of the sun shield is improved;
3. the sun shading position is adjusted by rotating the sun shading plate left and right at the front side of the window (the description figure 11 shows that a certain position state after the sun shading plate is adjusted), the sun shading plate obliquely arranged at one side of the window not only shades sunlight directly reaching the direction of the window, but also limits wind entering the window, at the moment, the open position of the window is partially shaded by the sun shading plate, the wind entering the room in strong wind weather is reduced, the condition is suitable for the weather with strong wind, the sun shading plate obliquely arranged above the window does not shade the open position of the window in a large range at the same time of shading, the air flow exchange between the room and the outside is convenient, the condition is suitable for the weather with strong sunlight and gentle wind, and therefore the sun shading plate can be used for shading in different weathers;
4. through rotating the sunshading board to the top of window and with wall contact (refer to description figure 13), continue to rotate the sunshading board to building wall's direction this moment, the loading board the inside is accomodate gradually to the movable plate on the sunshading board under the extrusion of wall, the extramural space that the sunshading board occupied when not using has been reduced, at the in-process that the movable plate moved toward the loading board inside, the movable plate takes rectangular frame to move at loading board top surface and bottom surface, top surface and the bottom surface of loading board are cleaned respectively to the cleaning brush of top surface and interior bottom surface in the rectangular frame, the rectangular block on the loading board is passed through in the movable plate removal, the top surface and the bottom surface of two cleaning movable plates of cleaning brush on the rectangular block, thereby realize that the sunshading board carries out self-cleaning in step in the removal in-process of accomodating, save artifical clean sunshading board.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIGS. 1-2 are schematic views of the overall structure of the present invention from different perspectives;
fig. 3-4 are schematic views of the overall structure of the sun visor of the present invention from different viewing angles;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view illustrating a state where the moving plate is received in the carrying plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the moving plate structure of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a carrier plate structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a reset member of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the transmission mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the positioning block, the second gear, the Contraband-shaped shaft and the connecting block of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic view showing a structure in which a sun visor according to the present invention is inclined at one side of a window;
fig. 12 is a schematic view of the sun visor of the present invention in a tilted state at the top of the window;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of the sun visor of the present invention in a horizontal position on top of the window;
fig. 14 is a structural view showing a state that the sun visor is shielded outside the window according to the present invention.
In the figure: 100. building a wall body; 110. a motor; 111. a first gear; 120. a controller; 130. a protective cover; 131. a dust shield; 200. a sun visor; 210. carrying a plate; 220. moving the plate; 221. a triangular block; 230. a rectangular frame; 240. a rectangular block; 250. a connecting rod; 251. a first bump; 260. a second bump; 270. a reset member; 271. a first sleeve; 272. a second sleeve; 273. a third sleeve; 274. a slide bar; 275. a return spring; 276. a pleated tube; 300. a transmission mechanism; 310. positioning blocks; 320. contraband a shaft; 330. a second gear; 340. connecting blocks; 350. a third gear; 360. an L-shaped shaft; 361. and gear four.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-14, an energy-saving thermal insulation and sun-shading device for a building comprises a building wall 100, a sun-shading board 200 is disposed on the outer side of a window of the building wall 100, the sun-shading board 200 comprises a bearing plate 210, a moving plate 220 is slidably connected to the inside of the bearing plate 210, a rectangular frame 230 is fixed to one end of the moving plate 220, rectangular blocks 240 are fixed to the top and the bottom of one end of the bearing plate 210, connecting rods 250 are fixed to both sides of the moving plate 220, a first projection 251 is fixed to one end of each connecting rod 250, a second projection 260 is fixed to both sides of the bearing plate 210, a reset piece 270 is disposed between each second projection 260 and the corresponding first projection 251, a transmission mechanism 300 for driving the sun-shading board 200 to move is disposed on the outer side of the building wall 100 close to the top of the window, the transmission mechanism 300 comprises a positioning block 310 fixedly connected to the building wall 100, and Contraband-shaped shafts 320 are rotatably connected to both sides of the positioning block 310, one end of each of the Contraband-shaped shafts 320 is rotatably connected with a second gear 330, a connecting block 340 is fixed between the other ends of the Contraband-shaped shafts 320, a third gear 350 is fixed on one side of the second gear 330 away from the positioning block 310, an L-shaped shaft 360 fixedly connected with the bearing plate 210 is rotatably connected in the middle of the connecting block 340, a fourth gear 361 meshed with the two second gears 330 for transmission is fixed at one end of the L-shaped shaft 360, two motors 110 respectively driving the third gears 350 at corresponding positions to rotate are fixed on one indoor side of the building wall 100, the first gears 111 at respective output ends are driven by the two motors 110 to rotate in the same direction or in the opposite direction, so that the two second gears 330 drive the L-shaped shafts 360 to rotate in the transverse left-right direction or in the longitudinal direction through the fourth gears 361, the sun visor 200 is flexibly combined with the longitudinal adjusting position at the transverse adjusting position, and the sun visor 200 shields the sunlight at different direct angles and direct heights, the sun shading effect of the sun visor 200 is improved, the movable plate 220 on the sun visor 200 can be stored in the bearing plate 210, and the storage of the sun visor 200 is achieved.
The inner sides of the two ends of the rectangular frame 230 are respectively fixed with a first connecting column fixedly connected with the moving plate 220, the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame 230 can be respectively fixed with a first cleaning brush attached to the bearing plate 210 in a detachable manner, one side of the rectangular block 240 close to the moving plate 220 can be respectively fixed with a second cleaning brush attached to the moving plate 220 in a detachable manner, one cleaning brush of the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame 230 respectively cleans the top surface and the bottom surface of the bearing plate 210, and the second cleaning brush on the rectangular block 240 cleans the top surface and the bottom surface of the moving plate 220, so that the sun visor 200 can be automatically cleaned synchronously in the moving and accommodating process; one end of the connecting rod 250 is fixed with a second connecting column fixedly connected with the moving plate 220, and two sides of the bearing plate 210 are both provided with sliding chutes slidably connected with the second connecting columns at corresponding positions, so that the connecting rod 250 can synchronously move at the side of the bearing plate 210 along with the movement of the moving plate 220; two breachs have been seted up to the one end that the movable plate 220 deviates from rectangular frame 230, and the breach rigidity has a connecting seat, and the connecting seat rotates through the axis of rotation to be connected with triangle-shaped block 221, is provided with torsion spring between axis of rotation and the connecting seat, and triangle-shaped block 221 can be rotated to the direction of movable plate 220 and is convenient for satisfy the demand of sunshading board 200 at the window front side slope, and torsion spring makes sunshading board 200 when putting right, and initial position cooperation movable plate 220 can be got back to automatically to triangle-shaped block 221 carries out the sunshade.
The resetting piece 270 comprises a first sleeve 271 fixedly connected with a second projection 260, a second sleeve 272 is slidably connected inside the first sleeve 271, a third sleeve 273 is slidably connected inside the second sleeve 272, and a sliding rod 274 fixedly connected with a first projection 251 is slidably connected inside the third sleeve 273, so that the resetting spring 275 is always along the linear direction in the process of contraction and movement, and the resetting spring 275 is prevented from being bent during compression; a return spring 275 sleeved outside the first sleeve 271, the second sleeve 272, the third sleeve 273 and the sliding rod 274 is fixed between the first projection 251 and the second projection 260, a corrugated pipe 276 is sleeved outside the return spring 275, two ends of the corrugated pipe 276 are respectively fixedly connected with the first projection 251 and the second projection 260 at corresponding positions, and the corrugated pipe 276 can be contracted and extended to wrap the outer side of the return spring 275 conveniently and constantly, so that the return spring 275 is protected.
A controller 120 for controlling the rotation of the motor 110 is fixedly installed at one indoor side of the building wall 100, a connecting shaft is fixed at the output end of the motor 110, and a first gear 111 which is in meshing transmission with a third gear 350 at a corresponding position is fixed at one end of the connecting shaft penetrating through the building wall 100, so that the motor 110 drives the first gear 111 to rotate to realize the operation of the first gear 111 with the transmission mechanism 300; the outer side of the transmission mechanism 300 is provided with a protective cover 130 fixedly connected with the building wall 100, a dust shield 131 is fixed inside the protective cover 130, the protective cover 130 supports the protection transmission mechanism 300 rigidly, the dust shield 131 is made of soft cloth, a waterproof layer can be arranged on the surface layer of the cloth, the protective cover is similar to a gear handle cover below an automobile gear handle, rainwater and dust can be prevented from entering the transmission mechanism 300, and the adaptive movement along with the movement of the L-shaped shaft 360 is facilitated.
A method for using an energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device for a building specifically comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the first gear 111 at the left end and the right end of the positioning block 310 respectively rotates clockwise and anticlockwise, and the second gear 350 respectively drives the second gear 330 at the corresponding position to engage with the fourth clamping gear 361 so as to enable the fourth clamping gear to move above the window in the vertical direction;
step two: the gear four 361 drives the sun visor 200 to rise in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft 360 to shield sunlight at a time interval with a higher direct projection height;
step three: the first gear 111 at the left end and the right end of the positioning block 310 respectively rotates anticlockwise and clockwise, and the second gear 330 is meshed with the fourth clamping gear 361 to enable the fourth clamping gear to move below a window in the vertical direction;
step four: the gear four 361 drives the sun shield 200 to descend in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft 360 to shield the sunlight at a lower direct height period;
step five: the first two gears 111 rotate anticlockwise, and the third gear 350 at the left end and the right end of the positioning block 310 rotates towards the lower side of the window and the upper side of the window respectively;
step six: the gear four 361 drives the sun shield 200 to transversely rotate to the left end of the window through the L-shaped shaft 360 to adjust the position, so as to shield the sunlight at different direct angles;
step seven: the first two gears 111 rotate clockwise, and the third gear 350 at the left end and the right end of the positioning block 310 respectively rotate towards the upper part of the window and the lower part of the window;
step eight: the gear four 361 drives the sun shield 200 to transversely rotate to the right end of the window through the L-shaped shaft 360 to adjust the position, and then the sunlight at different direct angles is shielded again;
step nine: the sun visor 200 is rotated towards the building wall 100, the moving plate 220 on the sun visor 200 is gradually stored in the bearing plate 210 under the extrusion action of the wall surface, and the storage of the sun visor 200 is realized;
step ten: the cleaning brushes on the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame 230 respectively clean the top surface and the bottom surface of the bearing plate 210, and the cleaning brushes on the rectangular block 240 clean the top surface and the bottom surface of the moving plate 220, so that the sun visor 200 can be automatically cleaned while being stored.
The working principle is as follows: when in use, referring to the description and fig. 9, one motor 110 drives the first gear 111 at the left end of the positioning block 310 to rotate clockwise, the other motor 110 drives the first gear 111 at the right end of the positioning block 310 to rotate counterclockwise, the third gears 350 at the left and right ends of the positioning block 310 respectively drive the second gears 330 at corresponding positions to rotate towards the upper side of the window, the two second gears 330 are engaged with the fourth gear 361 to move towards the upper side of the window in the vertical direction, the fourth gear 361 drives the sun visor 200 to rotate towards the upper side of the window in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft 360 to adjust the position, at this time, the height of the sun visor 200 gradually rises to facilitate shielding sunlight at a time interval with a higher direct height, when the sun visor height of the sun visor 200 needs to be reduced, one motor 110 drives the first gear 111 at the left end of the positioning block 310 to rotate counterclockwise, and the other motor 110 drives the first gear 111 at the right end of the positioning block 310 to rotate clockwise, at the moment, the two second gears 330 are meshed with the fourth clamping gear 361 to enable the fourth clamping gear 361 to move towards the lower part of the window in the vertical direction, the fourth clamping gear 361 drives the sun visor 200 to rotate to the lower part of the window in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft 360 to adjust the position, the sun-shading height of the sun visor 200 is reduced, and the sunlight at a lower direct-lighting height period can be shielded conveniently;
when the direct sunlight angle changes, the two motors 110 are driven to rotate anticlockwise with the first gears 111 at the output ends thereof, the third gear 350 at the left end of the positioning block 310 is driven to rotate towards the lower part of the window with the second gear 330, the third gear 350 at the right end of the positioning block 310 is driven to rotate towards the upper part of the window with the second gear 330, one second gear 330 rotates towards the lower part of the window and is matched with the other second gear 330 to rotate towards the upper part of the window, the fourth gear 361 is driven to rotate the sun visor 200 towards the left end of the window transversely through the L-shaped shaft 360, the triangular block 221 on the moving plate 220 gradually rotates at the moment, so that the rotation requirement of the moving plate 220 is met, similarly, when the two motors 110 are driven to rotate clockwise with the first gears 111 at the output ends thereof, the second gear 330 at the left end of the positioning block 310 rotates towards the upper part of the window, and the second gear 330 at the right end of the positioning block 310 rotates towards the lower part of the window, the two second gears 330 are matched again, so that the fourth gear 361 drives the sun visor 200 to transversely rotate to the right end of the window through the L-shaped shaft 360 to adjust the position, different inclination angles of the sun visor 200 can be conveniently transversely adjusted, and sun shading requirements of different sunlight irradiation angles are met;
when the sun visor 200 is not used or the sun visor 200 needs to be cleaned, the sun visor 200 is rotated above a window and is in contact with a wall surface (refer to fig. 13), at this time, the sun visor 200 is continuously rotated towards the building wall 100, the moving plate 220 on the sun visor 200 is gradually accommodated in the bearing plate 210 under the squeezing action of the wall surface, the space outside the wall occupied by the sun visor 200 when not used is reduced, in the process that the moving plate 220 moves towards the inside of the bearing plate 210, the moving plate 220 carries the rectangular frame 230 to move on the top surface and the bottom surface of the bearing plate 210, one cleaning brush of the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame 230 respectively cleans the top surface and the bottom surface of the bearing plate 210, the moving plate 220 passes through the rectangular block 240 on the bearing plate 210 while moving, and the other cleaning brush on the rectangular block 240 cleans the top surface and the bottom surface of the moving plate 220, thereby realizing the synchronous automatic cleaning of the sun visor 200 in the moving and accommodating process, when the moving plate 220 is gradually accommodated in the carrier plate 210, the return spring 275 of the return member 270 is gradually compressed, the sliding rod 274 is gradually accommodated in the sleeve three 273, the sleeve three 273 is gradually accommodated in the sleeve two 272, the sleeve two 272 is gradually accommodated in the sleeve one 271, and the corrugated tube 276 sleeved outside the return spring 275 is gradually folded and shortened.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing is illustrative and explanatory only and is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments described, and various modifications, additions, and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention or exceeding the scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. The building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device comprises a building wall body (100), and is characterized in that a sun-shading board (200) is arranged on the outer side of a window of the building wall body (100), the sun-shading board (200) comprises a bearing plate (210), a moving plate (220) is connected to the inside of the bearing plate (210) in a sliding manner, a rectangular frame (230) is fixed at one end of the moving plate (220), rectangular blocks (240) are fixed at the top and the bottom of one end of the bearing plate (210), connecting rods (250) are fixed at two sides of the moving plate (220), a first bump (251) is fixed at one end of each connecting rod (250), a second bump (260) is fixed at two sides of the bearing plate (210), a reset piece (270) is arranged between each second bump (260) and the corresponding first bump (251), a transmission mechanism (300) for driving the sun-shading board (200) to move is arranged on the outer side, close to the top of the window, of the building wall body (100), drive mechanism (300) include with building wall (100) fixed connection's locating piece (310), the both sides of locating piece (310) are all rotated and are connected with Contraband shape axle (320), two the one end of Contraband shape axle (320) is all rotated and is connected with gear two (330), two be fixed with connecting block (340) between the other end of Contraband shape axle (320), one side that gear two (330) deviate from locating piece (310) is fixed with gear three (350), the middle part of connecting block (340) is rotated and is connected with L shape axle (360) with loading board (210) fixed connection, the one end of L shape axle (360) is fixed with gear four (361) with two gear two (330) meshing transmissions, building wall (100) are close to indoor one side and are fixed with two and drive corresponding position gear three (350) pivoted motor (110) respectively.
2. The energy-saving, heat-insulating and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner sides of the two ends of the rectangular frame (230) are fixed with a first connecting column fixedly connected with the moving plate (220), the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame (230) are detachably fixed with a first cleaning brush attached to the bearing plate (210), and one side of the rectangular block (240) close to the moving plate (220) is detachably fixed with a second cleaning brush attached to the moving plate (220).
3. The energy-saving heat-preservation and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein one end of the connecting rod (250) is fixed with a second connecting column fixedly connected with the moving plate (220), and two sides of the bearing plate (210) are provided with sliding chutes slidably connected with the second connecting column at the corresponding position.
4. The energy-saving, heat-insulating and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein two notches are formed in one end of the moving plate (220) away from the rectangular frame (230), the notches are fixed with connecting seats, the connecting seats are rotatably connected with triangular blocks (221) through rotating shafts, and torsion springs are arranged between the rotating shafts and the connecting seats.
5. The energy-saving heat-insulating and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein the resetting member (270) comprises a first sleeve (271) fixedly connected with a second projection (260), a second sleeve (272) is slidably connected inside the first sleeve (271), a third sleeve (273) is slidably connected inside the second sleeve (272), and a sliding rod (274) fixedly connected with the first projection (251) is slidably connected inside the third sleeve (273).
6. The energy-saving heat-insulating and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 5, wherein a return spring (275) sleeved outside the first sleeve (271), the second sleeve (272), the third sleeve (273) and the sliding rod (274) is fixed between the first projection (251) and the second projection (260), a corrugated pipe (276) is sleeved outside the return spring (275), and two ends of the corrugated pipe (276) are respectively and fixedly connected with the first projection (251) and the second projection (260) at corresponding positions.
7. The energy-saving heat-insulating and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein a controller (120) for controlling the rotation of the motor (110) is fixedly installed at one indoor side of the building wall (100), a connecting shaft is fixedly arranged at the output end of the motor (110), and a first gear (111) which is in meshing transmission with a third gear (350) at a corresponding position is fixedly arranged at one end of the connecting shaft penetrating through the building wall (100).
8. The energy-saving heat-insulating and sun-shading device for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein a protective cover (130) fixedly connected with the building wall (100) is arranged on the outer side of the transmission mechanism (300), and a dust shield (131) is fixed inside the protective cover (130).
9. A use method of a building energy-saving heat-preservation sun-shading device is characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the first gears (111) at the left end and the right end of the positioning block (310) respectively rotate clockwise and anticlockwise, and the third gears (350) respectively drive the second gears (330) at corresponding positions to engage with the fourth clamping gear (361) so as to enable the fourth clamping gear to move above the window in the vertical direction;
step two: the gear four (361) drives the sun shield (200) to ascend in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft (360) to shield sunlight in a period of direct incidence at a higher height;
step three: the first gears (111) at the left end and the right end of the positioning block (310) rotate anticlockwise and clockwise respectively, and the second gears (330) are meshed with the fourth clamping gear (361) to enable the second clamping gear to move below a window in the vertical direction;
step four: the gear four (361) drives the sun shield (200) to descend in the vertical direction through the L-shaped shaft (360) to shield sunlight at a lower direct height period;
step five: the two first gears (111) rotate anticlockwise, and the third gears (350) at the left end and the right end of the positioning block (310) rotate towards the lower side of the window and the upper side of the window respectively;
step six: the gear IV (361) drives the sun shield (200) to transversely rotate to the left end of the window through the L-shaped shaft (360) to adjust the position, and the sunlight with different direct angles is shielded;
step seven: the two first gears (111) rotate clockwise, and the third gears (350) at the left end and the right end of the positioning block (310) rotate towards the upper part of the window and the lower part of the window respectively;
step eight: the gear IV (361) drives the sun shield (200) to transversely rotate to the right end of the window through the L-shaped shaft (360) to adjust the position, and then the sunlight with different direct angles is shielded again;
step nine: the sun shield (200) is rotated towards the building wall (100), the moving plate (220) on the sun shield (200) is gradually stored in the bearing plate (210) under the extrusion action of the wall surface, and the sun shield (200) is stored;
step ten: the top surface and the bottom surface of the bearing plate (210) are respectively cleaned by the cleaning brushes on the inner top surface and the inner bottom surface of the rectangular frame (230), and the top surface and the bottom surface of the movable plate (220) are cleaned by the cleaning brushes on the rectangular block (240), so that the sun visor (200) can be automatically cleaned while being stored.
CN202210507556.4A 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 Building energy-saving heat-preserving sun-shading device and using method thereof Active CN114809486B (en)

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CN113605827A (en) * 2021-06-28 2021-11-05 浙江鸿翔建设集团股份有限公司 Building exterior window sunshade heat preservation integrative outer envelope
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US20100132751A1 (en) * 2008-11-28 2010-06-03 Wanda Ying Li Intelligent outdoor sun shading device
JP3186412U (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-10-03 正一 川出 Auxiliary sun visor
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