CN114769911B - Laser marking equipment - Google Patents

Laser marking equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114769911B
CN114769911B CN202210404637.1A CN202210404637A CN114769911B CN 114769911 B CN114769911 B CN 114769911B CN 202210404637 A CN202210404637 A CN 202210404637A CN 114769911 B CN114769911 B CN 114769911B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping structure
assembly
tray
driving
clamping
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Active
Application number
CN202210404637.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114769911A (en
Inventor
邓俊杰
黄保
闫大鹏
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Wuhan Raycus Fiber Laser Technologies Co Ltd
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Wuhan Raycus Fiber Laser Technologies Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202210404637.1A priority Critical patent/CN114769911B/en
Publication of CN114769911A publication Critical patent/CN114769911A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/362Laser etching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/007Marks, e.g. trade marks

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Plasma & Fusion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Laser Beam Processing (AREA)

Abstract

The application belongs to the technical field of laser equipment, and discloses laser marking equipment which comprises a feeding assembly, a tray assembly, a discharging assembly, a material moving assembly and a laser assembly, wherein the feeding assembly comprises a vibrating disc and a material conveying track connected with the vibrating disc, the tray assembly comprises a tray and a bearing structure, the bearing structure can drive the tray to horizontally move, the discharging assembly comprises a first clamping structure and a second clamping structure, the second clamping structure can rotate a preset angle relative to the first clamping structure to place materials on the tray, the laser assembly comprises a laser, the laser is positioned above the first clamping structure, and the material moving assembly can transfer the materials among the material conveying track, the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure. The material moving assembly transfers materials among the material conveying track, the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure, the laser marking is completed on the first clamping structure, the placing of the materials is realized through the second clamping structure and the tray assembly, the efficiency is high, and the marking position is not easy to deviate.

Description

Laser marking equipment
Technical Field
The application belongs to the technical field of laser equipment, and particularly relates to laser marking equipment.
Background
Laser marking is the use of a laser beam to mark a variety of different surfaces of matter permanently. The effect of marking is to expose deep layer substances through evaporation of surface layer substances, or to "etch" marks through chemical-physical changes of the surface layer substances caused by light energy, or to burn out part of the substances through light energy, so as to display patterns and characters to be etched. The laser marking has the advantages of high marking speed, good continuous working stability, positioning accuracy and the like, and is applied to the marking of figures and characters in various fields such as electronics, hardware, aviation devices, automobile parts, metal labels and the like.
The automatic unloading laser printing equipment that goes up of current is equipped with the base, is equipped with radium carving mechanism on the frame, because beat the mark article and all be in disorder and put, transportation equipment can't put the mark article with beating in proper order, only by operating personnel with the material manual placement radium carving mechanism below beat the mark, beat and accomplish the back and put the finished product to the tray, not only waste time and energy, make beat the mark position and produce the skew easily moreover.
Therefore, a laser marking apparatus is needed to solve the above technical problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the application aims to provide laser marking equipment so as to solve the problems that the manual placement of materials is time-consuming and labor-consuming and the marking position is easy to deviate in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above object, the application provides a laser marking device, which comprises a feeding assembly, a tray assembly, a blanking assembly and a material moving assembly, wherein the feeding assembly comprises a vibrating tray and a material conveying track connected with the vibrating tray, the tray assembly comprises a tray and a bearing structure, the bearing structure is configured to drive the tray to horizontally move, the blanking assembly comprises a first clamping structure and a second clamping structure, the second clamping structure can rotate a preset angle relative to the first clamping structure to place materials on the tray, and the material moving assembly is configured to move the materials among the material conveying track, the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure.
As a preferred technical solution of the laser marking device, the material moving assembly comprises a first driving structure, a third clamping structure and a fourth clamping structure, wherein the first driving structure is configured to drive the third clamping structure and the fourth clamping structure to horizontally move in a first direction;
in the first direction, the distance between the third clamping structure and the fourth clamping structure is the same as the distance between the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure and the distance between the first clamping structure and the feeding position on the feeding track.
As a preferred technical scheme of laser marking equipment, move material subassembly still including all set up in second drive structure and third drive structure on the first drive structure, second drive structure can drive the vertical removal of third clamping structure, third drive structure can drive the vertical removal of fourth clamping structure.
As a preferred technical scheme of laser marking equipment, the feed assembly still includes fender material structure, keep off material structure including first support, baffle and elastic component, the baffle rotate set up in first support, the baffle is located the material conveying track is kept away from the one end of vibration dish, the elastic component is configured to can be right the baffle effort is so that the baffle supports the material.
As a preferred technical scheme of laser marking equipment, laser marking equipment still includes brace table and workstation, the vibration dish set up in the brace table, first support tray subassembly unloading subassembly reaches move the material subassembly all set up in the workstation.
As a preferable technical scheme of the laser marking device, the material conveying track comprises a first supporting rod, a second supporting rod and a third supporting rod which extend along the same direction, wherein the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are arranged at intervals, the third supporting rod is positioned above the first supporting rod, and the first supporting rod, the second supporting rod and the third supporting rod are all connected with the vibration disc;
the first end of material has the breach, works as the material in the material track slides, the second end of material is located first bracing piece with between the third bracing piece, the second bracing piece card is located the breach.
As a preferable technical scheme of the laser marking device, a U-shaped notch is formed in the first bracket, a part of the baffle is positioned in the U-shaped notch, the elastic piece extends along the extending direction of the material conveying track, one end of the elastic piece is abutted to the wall surface of the U-shaped notch, and the other end of the elastic piece is abutted to the baffle;
the first support is provided with a limiting plate crossing the U-shaped notch, and when the baffle abuts against the material, the baffle abuts against the limiting plate.
As a preferred technical scheme of laser marking equipment, keep off material structure still includes the liftout spare, the liftout spare set up in first support just is located defeated material track below, the liftout spare can in vertical direction top tight or loosen first bracing piece with material on the second bracing piece.
As a preferred technical scheme of the laser marking device, the bearing structure comprises a bearing piece, a fourth driving structure and a fifth driving structure, the tray is arranged on the bearing piece, the fourth driving structure can drive the bearing piece to move in a second direction, the fifth driving structure can drive the fourth driving structure to move in a first direction, and the first direction is perpendicular to the second direction.
As a preferred technical scheme of laser marking equipment, the blanking assembly further comprises a second support and a seventh driving structure, the first clamping structure and the seventh driving structure are both arranged on the second support, and the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure to rotate relative to the first clamping structure.
Compared with the prior art, the application has the following beneficial effects:
this laser marking equipment carries out the supply of material through the feed subassembly, moves the material subassembly and shifts the material between defeated material track, first clamp structure and second clamp structure, and the material is beaten by the laser instrument on first clamp structure to realize putting of material through the cooperation of second clamp structure and tray subassembly, it is efficient not only, and beat the mark position and be difficult to appear the skew, can guarantee the quality that laser marked.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a laser marking apparatus according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the feeding assembly according to the present embodiment;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a material blocking structure provided in this embodiment;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 at A;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the material transferring assembly, the material discharging assembly and the tray assembly provided in this embodiment.
Wherein:
1. a feed assembly; 11. a vibration plate; 12. a material conveying track; 121. a first support bar; 122. a second support bar; 123. a third support bar; 13. a material blocking structure; 131. a first bracket; 1311. a U-shaped notch; 132. a baffle; 133. an elastic member; 134. a limiting plate; 14. a material stirring structure; 141. a third bracket; 142. a sixth driving structure; 143. a kick-out plate; 15. a material ejection piece; 151. a cylinder rod;
2. a tray assembly; 21. a tray; 22. a carrier; 23. a fourth driving structure; 24. a fifth driving structure;
3. a blanking assembly; 31. a first clamping structure; 32. a second clamping structure; 33. a second bracket; 34. a connecting rod; 341. a first connecting rod; 342. a second connecting rod;
4. a material moving assembly; 41. a third clamping structure; 42. a fourth clamping structure; 43. a second driving structure; 44. a third driving structure; 45. a first driving structure; 46. a first connection plate; 47. a second connecting plate;
5. a laser assembly; 51. a laser; 52. a laser stand;
6. a support table;
7. a work table;
8. and (5) material.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present application more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments of the present application. The components of the embodiments of the present application generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the application, as presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the application, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the application. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the application without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the application.
It should be noted that: like reference numerals and letters denote like items in the following figures, and thus once an item is defined in one figure, no further definition or explanation thereof is necessary in the following figures.
In the description of the present application, it should be noted that, directions or positional relationships indicated by terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., are directions or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, or are directions or positional relationships conventionally put in use of the inventive product, are merely for convenience of describing the present application and simplifying the description, and are not indicative or implying that the apparatus or element to be referred to must have a specific direction, be configured and operated in a specific direction, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present application. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used merely to distinguish between descriptions and should not be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the present application, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more.
In the description of the present application, it should also be noted that, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "disposed", "connected" and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected or integrally connected; either mechanically or electrically. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application will be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
In the present application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, a first feature "above" or "below" a second feature may include both the first and second features being in direct contact, as well as the first and second features not being in direct contact but being in contact with each other through additional features therebetween. Moreover, a first feature being "above," "over" and "on" a second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or simply indicating that the first feature is higher in level than the second feature. The first feature being "under", "below" and "beneath" the second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply means that the first feature is less level than the second feature.
Embodiments of the present application are described in detail below, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to like or similar elements or elements having like or similar functions throughout. The embodiments described below by referring to the drawings are illustrative only and are not to be construed as limiting the application.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present embodiment provides a laser marking apparatus including a feeding assembly 1, a tray assembly 2, a discharging assembly 3, a material moving assembly 4, and a laser assembly 5. The feed assembly 1 comprises a vibrating tray 11 and a feed rail 12 connected to the vibrating tray 11. The pallet assembly 2 comprises a pallet 21 and a carrying structure capable of driving the pallet 21 to move horizontally. The blanking assembly 3 comprises a first clamping structure 31 and a second clamping structure 32, and the second clamping structure 32 can rotate a preset angle relative to the first clamping structure 31 to place the material 8 on the tray 21. The laser assembly 5 comprises a laser 51, the laser 51 being located above the first clamping structure 31, the laser 51 being used for marking the material 8. The transfer assembly 4 is capable of transferring material 8 between the material delivery track 12, the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32.
This laser marking equipment carries out the supply of material 8 through feed assembly 1, moves material assembly 4 and shifts material 8 between defeated material track 12, first clamp structure 31 and second clamp structure 32, and laser marking is accomplished on first clamp structure 31 to material 8 to realize putting of material 8 through the cooperation of second clamp structure 32 and tray subassembly 2, compare prior art, it is efficient, and mark the position and be difficult to appear the skew, guarantee the quality of marking.
Referring to fig. 1, the laser assembly 5 further includes a laser holder 52, and the laser 51 is disposed on the laser holder 52.
In this embodiment, the material 8 includes a first shaft portion and a second shaft portion integrally provided, and an outer diameter of the second shaft portion is larger than an outer diameter of the first shaft portion.
Referring to fig. 2 to 4, the feeding rail 12 includes a first support rod 121, a second support rod 122 and a third support rod 123 extending in the same direction, the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122 are disposed at intervals, the third support rod 123 is disposed above the first support rod 121, and the first support rod 121, the second support rod 122 and the third support rod 123 are all connected to the vibration plate 11.
It should be noted that, when the material 8 slides in the material conveying track 12, the first end of the material 8 has a notch, the second end of the material 8 is located between the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122, and the third support rod 123 is clamped in the notch, that is, under the action of the vibration disc 11, the material 8 slides forward on the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122, and the rotation of the material 8 is avoided by the cooperation of the third support rod 123 and the notch.
Specifically, the second shaft portion of the material 8 is provided with the above-mentioned notch. When the material 8 is located on the material conveying track 12, the first shaft portion is located between the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122, and the third support rod 123 is clamped in the notch on the second shaft portion.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4 again, the feeding assembly 1 further includes a blocking structure 13, where the blocking structure 13 includes a first bracket 131, a baffle 132, and an elastic member 133, the baffle 132 is rotatably connected to the first bracket 131, the baffle 132 is located at an end of the feeding track 12 away from the vibration disc 11, and the elastic member 133 can apply a force to the baffle 132 to make the baffle 132 prop against the material 8. The baffle 132 and the elastic piece 133 are used for limiting the material 8, and the elastic piece 133 can prevent the baffle 132 from being affected by the vibration of the vibration disc 11 and being unable to prop against the material 8.
Further, a predetermined gap is provided between the baffle 132 and the port of the feed rail 12. So set up, the existence of this default clearance makes baffle 132 can support material 8 on the one hand, avoids material 8 to drop, and on the other hand also is convenient for follow-up clamping structure clamp material 8 and does not receive first bracing piece 121, second bracing piece 122 and the interference of third bracing piece 123.
Specifically, the first bracket 131 is provided with a U-shaped notch 1311, a portion of the baffle 132 is located in the U-shaped notch 1311, the elastic member 133 extends along the extending direction of the feeding track 12, one end of the elastic member abuts against the wall surface of the U-shaped notch 1311, and the other end of the elastic member abuts against the baffle 132. The elastic member 133 is preferably, but not limited to, a spring. In addition, a limiting plate 134 crossing the U-shaped notch 1311 is disposed on the first bracket 131, and when the baffle 132 abuts against the material 8, the baffle 132 abuts against the limiting plate 134.
It will be appreciated that the stop plate 134 is configured such that the stop plate 132 maintains a predetermined gap with the port of the feed rail 12 under the influence of the resilient member 133. It should be noted that, under the preset gap between the baffle 132 and the port of the feeding track 12, the baffle 132 abuts against the outermost material 8, and the outermost material 8 abuts against one material 8 located inside and adjacent to the outermost material 8, and at this time, the outermost material 8 is substantially located outside the feeding track 12, so that the third clamping structure 41 is convenient for clamping.
Further, the laser marking device further comprises a supporting table 6 and a workbench 7, the vibration disc 11 is arranged on the supporting table 6, and the first bracket 131, the tray assembly 2, the blanking assembly 3 and the material moving assembly 4 are all arranged on the workbench 7. The laser bracket 52 is also arranged on the workbench 7, so that the vibration of the vibration disc 11 can not be transmitted to the workbench 7 by the arrangement of the elastic piece 133, and the stability of the tray assembly 2, the blanking assembly 3, the material moving assembly 4 and the laser 51 is ensured.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the material blocking structure 13 further includes a material ejecting member 15, where the material ejecting member 15 is disposed below the material conveying rail 12 and is disposed on the first bracket 131, and the material ejecting member 15 can eject or loosen the material on the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122 in the vertical direction.
By arranging the material ejection member 15, when the clamping structure 41 needs to clamp the material 8 supported by the baffle 132, the material ejection member ejects at least one material 8 on the inner side of the material 8 supported by the baffle 132, and at this time, the material 8 cannot slide along the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122, so that interference cannot be generated on the clamping structure, after the material 8 supported by the baffle 132 is clamped by the clamping structure, the material ejection member 15 loosens the material 8, and the material 8 slides forward and is supported by the baffle 132.
In particular, in the present embodiment, the ejector 15 is preferably, but not limited to, a cylinder, the cylinder rod 151 of which is able to press or loosen the material 8. At this time, the cylinder rod 151 can only press against one material 8 inside the material 8 pressed against by the baffle 132. Of course, other structures or multiple lifters 15 may be used to simultaneously lift multiple materials 8.
Referring to fig. 2, the feeding device further comprises a stirring structure 14, wherein the stirring structure 14 comprises a stirring plate 143 positioned above the topmost track in the vibration plate 11, and the distance between the stirring plate 143 and the topmost track in the vibration plate 11 is adjustable in the vertical direction.
It will be appreciated that when the vibration plate 11 conveys the material 8, the material 8 may be in various forms, and for the material 8 of this embodiment, the material 8 may be vertically disposed on the topmost track in the vibration plate 11, and the material 8 cannot enter the conveying track 12 in this form, so that the material 8 is placed down by the setting of the material-pulling plate 143, so that the material 8 is convenient to enter the conveying track 12 subsequently. In the vertical direction, the distance between the material stirring plate 143 and the topmost track in the vibration disc 11 is adjustable, so that material stirring is realized for materials 8 with different sizes.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the kick-out structure 14 includes a third bracket 141, a sixth driving structure 142, and the kick-out plate 143, where the sixth driving structure 142 is disposed on the third bracket 141, and the kick-out plate 143 is connected to the sixth driving structure 142, and the sixth driving structure 142 can drive the kick-out plate 143 to move vertically. The sixth drive structure 142 described above is preferably, but not limited to, a cylinder.
Referring to fig. 5, the above-mentioned material transferring assembly 4 includes a first driving structure 45, a third clamping structure 41 and a fourth clamping structure 42, and the first driving structure 45 can drive the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to horizontally move in a first direction.
In the first direction, the distance between the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 is the same as the distance between the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 and the distance between the first clamping structure 21 and the feed level on the feed rail 12. It will be appreciated that taking the example that the third clamping structure 41 is close to the material conveying track 12 relative to the fourth clamping structure 42, when the third clamping structure 41 is located at the feeding position, the fourth clamping structure 42 is located at a position corresponding to the first clamping structure 31, and when the third clamping structure 41 is moved to a position corresponding to the first clamping structure 31, the fourth clamping structure 42 is moved to a position corresponding to the second clamping structure 32, so that the continuous conveying of the material 8 among the material conveying track 12, the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 can be realized, and the efficiency is improved.
The material 8 on the feeding rail 12 contacting the baffle 132 is located at the feeding position.
Further, the material moving assembly 4 further includes a second driving structure 43 and a third driving structure 44 both disposed on the first driving structure 45, the second driving structure 43 can drive the third clamping structure 41 to move vertically, and the third driving structure 44 can drive the fourth clamping structure 42 to move vertically. By the arrangement of the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44, the first driving structure 45 is prevented from interfering with the first clamping structure 31 or the second clamping structure 32 when driving the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to move in the first direction.
It should be noted that, the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 each include a pneumatic finger and a clamping jaw, the clamping jaw is mounted on the pneumatic finger, and the pneumatic finger drives the corresponding clamping jaw to clamp the material 8. Further, the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44 are each preferably a triaxial cylinder. While the first drive structure 45 is preferably an electrically driven platform.
Further, the material moving assembly 4 further includes a first connecting plate 46 and a second connecting plate 47, one end of the first connecting plate 46 is connected to the second driving structure 43, the other end is connected to the third clamping structure 41, one end of the second connecting plate 47 is connected to the third driving structure 44, and the other end is connected to the fourth clamping structure 42.
Through the arrangement of the first connecting plate 46 and the second connecting plate 47, the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 can be enabled to have a distance with the first driving structure 45, the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44, so that the arrangement of the first driving structure 45, the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44 is facilitated, and interference between the material moving assembly 4 and the first bracket 131, the material discharging assembly 3 and the tray assembly 2 is avoided.
Referring to fig. 5, the above-mentioned blanking assembly 3 further includes a second bracket 33 and a seventh driving structure, where the first clamping structure 31 and the seventh driving structure are both installed on the second bracket 33, the second clamping structure 32 is connected to the seventh driving structure, and the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure 22 to rotate relative to the first clamping structure 31.
Further, the blanking assembly 3 further includes a connecting rod 34, one end of the connecting rod 34 is connected to the seventh driving structure, the other end is connected to the second clamping structure 32, and the length of the connecting rod 34 is adjustable. The connecting rod 34 extends in the first direction. In the present embodiment, the connecting rod 34 includes a first connecting rod 341 and a second connecting rod 342, the first connecting rod 341 is connected to the seventh driving structure, and the second connecting rod 342 is connected to the second clamping structure 32. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first connecting rod 341 and the second connecting rod 342 are each provided with a plurality of penetrating holes along the respective extending directions, and the fastener connects the first connecting rod 341 and the second connecting rod 342 through the penetrating holes, and the fastener is preferably a bolt, so that the adjustment of the length of the connecting rod 34 can be achieved.
In the present embodiment, the seventh driving structure is preferably a revolving cylinder. Of course, in other embodiments, the seventh driving structure may also be a motor or the like. In addition, the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 each include a pneumatic finger and a clamping jaw, the clamping jaw is mounted on the pneumatic finger, and the pneumatic finger drives the corresponding clamping jaw to clamp the material 8.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the preset angle is 90 °, that is, the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure 32 to rotate 90 ° to place the material 8 on the tray 21. Specifically, the connecting rod 34 is assembled on the dial of the revolving cylinder through a screw, and a limiting block and an oil pressure buffer are arranged on the connecting rod 34 and used for limiting the swing angle of the revolving cylinder to be 0-90 degrees. The second clamping structure 32 has a first position and a second position relative to the first clamping structure 31, and when the second clamping structure 32 is located at the first position, pneumatic fingers of the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 are all vertically arranged. When the second clamping structure 32 is located at the second position, the pneumatic finger of the second clamping structure 32 is horizontally disposed, and the seventh driving structure drives the second clamping structure 32 to rotate to move from the first position to the second position or from the second position to the first position.
Further, in the present embodiment, the position of the first clamping structure 31 on the second bracket 33 is adjustable in the extending direction of the connecting rod 34. The relative positions of the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 can be adjusted by matching the connecting rod 34. Specifically, the second bracket 33 is provided with a bar-shaped hole extending along the extending direction of the connecting rod 34, and the fastener is matched with the bar-shaped hole to fasten the first clamping structure 31, and the position of the first clamping structure 31 can be adjusted within the length range of the bar-shaped hole, and the fastener is preferably a bolt and a nut.
Referring to fig. 5, the carrying structure includes a carrying member 22, a fourth driving structure 23 and a fifth driving structure 24, the tray 21 is disposed on the carrying member 22, the fourth driving structure 23 can drive the carrying member 22 to move in the second direction, and the fifth driving structure 24 can drive the fourth driving structure 23 to move in the first direction, wherein the first direction is perpendicular to the second direction. Further, the connecting rod 34 extends in the first direction. Specifically, the first direction is the ab direction in fig. 1, and the second direction is the cd direction in fig. 1.
The fourth driving structure 23 and the fifth driving structure 24 drive the tray 21 to move, so that the tray 21 can be moved to realize that the second clamping structure 32 sequentially places a plurality of materials 8 on the tray 21.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the fourth driving structure 23 and the fifth driving structure 24 are preferably electrically driven moving platforms, and in other embodiments, other structures capable of driving the tray 21 to move may be selected.
Further, the carrier 22 is provided with a plurality of limiting grooves, and each limiting groove can accommodate one tray 21 therein. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the carrier 22 is provided with two grooves, that is, the carrier 22 carries two trays 21.
The operation of the laser marking apparatus will be described in detail below.
1. The materials 8 enter the material conveying track 12 and are sequentially arranged under the vibration action of the vibration disc 11, and the outermost materials 8 are propped against by the baffle 132.
2. The first driving structure 45 drives the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to move along the direction a-b until the third clamping structure 41 is located above the feeding level, at this time, the fourth clamping structure 42 is located above the first clamping structure 31, then the second driving structure 43 drives the third clamping structure 41 to descend to clamp the material 8 located at the feeding level, and the third driving structure 44 drives the fourth clamping structure 42 to descend (if at this time, the material 8 is located on the first clamping structure 31, the fourth clamping structure 42 clamps the material 8 and the first clamping structure 31 unclamps the material 8, and the material 8 is the marked material 8).
3. The second driving structure 43 drives the third clamping structure 41 to ascend, the third driving structure 44 drives the fourth clamping structure 42 to ascend, and the first driving structure 45 drives the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to move along the b-a direction until the third clamping structure 41 is located above the first clamping structure 31, and the fourth clamping structure 42 is located above the second clamping structure 32.
4. The second driving structure 43 drives the third clamping structure 41 to descend, the material 8 loosened by the third clamping structure 41 is clamped by the first clamping structure 31, and meanwhile the third driving structure 44 drives the fourth clamping structure 42 to descend, and the material 8 loosened by the fourth clamping structure 42 is clamped by the second clamping structure 32. The second drive structure 43 then drives the third gripping structure 41 up while the third drive structure 44 drives the fourth gripping structure 42 up, and then moves in a-b direction under the drive of the first drive structure 45 until the third gripping structure 41 is located above the feed level.
5. The laser 51 marks the material 8 clamped by the first clamping structure 31; the seventh driving structure drives the second clamping structure 32 to rotate 90 degrees through the connecting rod 34 to place the materials 8 on the tray 21, and in the process, the fourth driving structure 23 and the fifth driving structure 24 drive the tray 21 to horizontally move, so that the materials 8 are placed in sequence.
The process is circularly carried out, continuous feeding and discharging are realized, and the efficiency is improved.
It is to be understood that the above examples of the present application are provided for clarity of illustration only and are not limiting of the embodiments of the present application. Other variations or modifications of the above teachings will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. It is not necessary here nor is it exhaustive of all embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. which come within the spirit and principles of the application are desired to be protected by the following claims.

Claims (5)

1. A laser marking device, characterized by comprising a feeding assembly (1), a tray assembly (2), a blanking assembly (3), a material moving assembly (4) and a laser assembly (5), wherein the feeding assembly (1) comprises a vibrating disc (11) and a material conveying track (12) connected with the vibrating disc (11), the tray assembly (2) comprises a tray (21) and a bearing structure, the bearing structure is configured to drive the tray (21) to horizontally move, the blanking assembly (3) comprises a first clamping structure (31) and a second clamping structure (32), the second clamping structure (32) can rotate by a preset angle relative to the first clamping structure (31) to place a material (8) on the tray (21), the laser assembly (5) comprises a laser (51), the laser (51) is positioned above the first clamping structure (31), and the material moving assembly (4) is configured to horizontally move between the material conveying track (12), the first clamping structure (31) and the second clamping structure (32).
The conveying track (12) comprises a first supporting rod (121), a second supporting rod (122) and a third supporting rod (123) which extend along the same direction, the first supporting rod (121) and the second supporting rod (122) are arranged at intervals, the third supporting rod (123) is positioned above the first supporting rod (121), and the first supporting rod (121), the second supporting rod (122) and the third supporting rod (123) are all connected to the vibrating disc (11);
the first end of the material (8) is provided with a notch, when the material (8) slides in the material conveying track (12), the second end of the material (8) is positioned between the first supporting rod (121) and the third supporting rod (123), and the second supporting rod (122) is clamped in the notch;
the feeding assembly (1) further comprises a material blocking structure (13), the material blocking structure (13) comprises a first bracket (131), a baffle plate (132) and an elastic piece (133), the baffle plate (132) is rotatably arranged on the first bracket (131), the baffle plate (132) is positioned at one end of the material conveying track (12) far away from the vibration disc (11), and the elastic piece (133) is configured to apply a force to the baffle plate (132) so that the baffle plate (132) abuts against the material (8);
the first bracket (131) is provided with a U-shaped notch (1311), a part of the baffle (132) is positioned in the U-shaped notch (1311), the elastic piece (133) extends along the extending direction of the material conveying track (12), one end of the elastic piece is abutted to the wall surface of the U-shaped notch (1311), and the other end of the elastic piece is abutted to the baffle (132);
a limiting plate (134) crossing the U-shaped notch (1311) is arranged on the first bracket (131), and when the baffle (132) abuts against the material (8), the baffle (132) abuts against the limiting plate (134);
the material blocking structure (13) further comprises a material ejection part (15), the material ejection part (15) is arranged on the first bracket (131) and is positioned below the material conveying track (12), and the material ejection part (15) can eject or loosen the materials (8) on the first support rod (121) and the second support rod (122) in the vertical direction;
the laser marking device further comprises a supporting table (6) and a workbench (7), wherein the vibration disc (11) is arranged on the supporting table (6), and the first bracket (131), the tray assembly (2), the blanking assembly (3) and the material moving assembly (4) are arranged on the workbench (7).
2. The laser marking apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the stock removal assembly (4) comprises a first drive structure (45), a third clamping structure (41) and a fourth clamping structure (42), the first drive structure (45) being configured to be able to drive the third clamping structure (41) and the fourth clamping structure (42) to move horizontally in a first direction;
in the first direction, the distance between the third clamping structure (41) and the fourth clamping structure (42) is the same as the distance between the first clamping structure (31) and the second clamping structure (32) and the distance between the first clamping structure (31) and the feeding level on the feeding track (12).
3. The laser marking apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the material moving assembly (4) further comprises a second driving structure (43) and a third driving structure (44) both arranged on the first driving structure (45), the second driving structure (43) can drive the third clamping structure (41) to vertically move, and the third driving structure (44) can drive the fourth clamping structure (42) to vertically move.
4. The laser marking apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the carrying structure comprises a carrier (22), a fourth driving structure (23) and a fifth driving structure (24), the tray (21) is disposed on the carrier (22), the fourth driving structure (23) is capable of driving the carrier (22) to move in a second direction, and the fifth driving structure (24) is capable of driving the fourth driving structure (23) to move in a first direction, the first direction being perpendicular to the second direction.
5. The laser marking apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the blanking assembly (3) further comprises a second bracket (33) and a seventh driving structure, the first clamping structure (31) and the seventh driving structure are both mounted on the second bracket (33), and the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure (32) to rotate relative to the first clamping structure (31).
CN202210404637.1A 2022-04-18 2022-04-18 Laser marking equipment Active CN114769911B (en)

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CN210649738U (en) * 2019-08-28 2020-06-02 佛山市名将自动化设备有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging numerical control machine tool for machining wheel-shaped metal workpieces
CN213470017U (en) * 2020-08-25 2021-06-18 宁波巨鼎轴承有限公司 Bearing laser marking feeding positioning and discharging device
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