CN114769911A - Laser marking equipment - Google Patents

Laser marking equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114769911A
CN114769911A CN202210404637.1A CN202210404637A CN114769911A CN 114769911 A CN114769911 A CN 114769911A CN 202210404637 A CN202210404637 A CN 202210404637A CN 114769911 A CN114769911 A CN 114769911A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping structure
drive
tray
laser marking
clamping
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Granted
Application number
CN202210404637.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114769911B (en
Inventor
邓俊杰
黄保
闫大鹏
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Wuhan Raycus Fiber Laser Technologies Co Ltd
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Wuhan Raycus Fiber Laser Technologies Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202210404637.1A priority Critical patent/CN114769911B/en
Publication of CN114769911A publication Critical patent/CN114769911A/en
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Publication of CN114769911B publication Critical patent/CN114769911B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/362Laser etching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/007Marks, e.g. trade marks

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Plasma & Fusion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Laser Beam Processing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of laser equipment, and discloses laser marking equipment which comprises a feeding assembly, a tray assembly, a blanking assembly, a material moving assembly and a laser assembly, wherein the feeding assembly comprises a vibrating disc and a material conveying rail connected with the vibrating disc, the tray assembly comprises a tray and a bearing structure, the bearing structure can drive the tray to horizontally move, the blanking assembly comprises a first clamping structure and a second clamping structure, the second clamping structure can rotate relative to the first clamping structure by a preset angle to place materials on the tray, the laser assembly comprises a laser, the laser is positioned above the first clamping structure, and the material moving assembly can transfer the materials among the material conveying rail, the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure. Move the material subassembly and shift the material between defeated material track, first clamping structure and second clamping structure, the material accomplishes laser marking on first clamping structure to realize putting of material through second clamping structure and tray subassembly, it is efficient, and beat the mark position and be difficult for appearing the skew.

Description

Laser marking equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of laser equipment, and particularly relates to laser marking equipment.
Background
Laser marking is the permanent marking of various material surfaces with a laser beam. The marking effect is that the deep substance is exposed through the evaporation of the surface substance, or the trace is carved through the chemical and physical change of the surface substance caused by the light energy, or the pattern and the character which need to be etched are displayed through burning off part of the substance by the light energy. The laser marking has the advantages of high marking speed, good continuous working stability, positioning accuracy and the like, and is applied to marking of figures and characters in various fields such as electronics, hardware, aviation devices, automobile parts, metal labels and the like.
Unloading laser printing equipment is equipped with the base in current automation, is equipped with radium carving mechanism on the frame, because beat the mark article and all put in a jumble, transportation equipment can't carry out correct order with beating the mark article and put, only leans on operating personnel to place the material manually radium carving mechanism below beat the mark, beat the mark and accomplish the back and put the finished product to the tray, not only waste time and energy, make moreover beat the mark position and produce the skew easily.
Therefore, a laser marking device is needed to solve the above technical problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide laser marking equipment to solve the problems that materials are manually placed, time and labor are wasted, and the marking position is easy to deviate in the prior art.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, this application provides a laser marking equipment, include feed subassembly, tray subassembly, unloading subassembly and move the material subassembly, the feed subassembly include the vibration dish and with the defeated material track that the vibration dish links to each other, the tray subassembly includes tray and bearing structure, bearing structure is configured to drive tray horizontal migration, the unloading subassembly includes first clamping structure and second clamping structure, second clamping structure can be relative first clamping structure rotates and predetermines the angle in order to arrange the material in the tray, it is configured to move the material subassembly be in defeated material track first clamping structure with shift between the second clamping structure the material.
As a preferred technical solution of the laser marking device, the material moving assembly includes a first driving structure, a third clamping structure and a fourth clamping structure, and the first driving structure is configured to be capable of driving the third clamping structure and the fourth clamping structure to horizontally move in a first direction;
in the first direction, the distance between the third clamping structure and the fourth clamping structure is equal to the distance between the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure and the distance between the first clamping structure and the material supply position on the material conveying track.
As a preferred technical scheme of laser marking equipment, move the material subassembly still including all set up in second drive structure and third drive structure on the first drive structure, second drive structure can drive the vertical removal of third clamping structure, third drive structure can drive the vertical removal of fourth clamping structure.
As a laser marking equipment's preferred technical scheme, the feed subassembly is still including keeping off the material structure, it includes first support, baffle and elastic component to keep off the material structure, the baffle rotate set up in first support, the baffle is located defeated material track is kept away from the one end of vibration dish, the elastic component is configured to be right the baffle is applyed the effort so that the baffle supports the material.
As an optimal technical scheme of laser marking equipment, laser marking equipment still includes brace table and workstation, the vibration dish set up in brace table, first support the tray subassembly the unloading subassembly reaches move the material subassembly all set up in the workstation.
As a preferred technical scheme of the laser marking device, the material conveying track comprises a first supporting rod, a second supporting rod and a third supporting rod which extend along the same direction, the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are arranged at intervals, the third supporting rod is positioned above the first supporting rod, and the first supporting rod, the second supporting rod and the third supporting rod are all connected to the vibrating disc;
the first end of material has the breach, works as the material in when defeated material track slides, the second end of material is located first bracing piece with between the third bracing piece, the card of second bracing piece is located the breach.
As a preferred technical scheme of the laser marking device, a U-shaped notch is formed in the first support, a part of the baffle is located in the U-shaped notch, the elastic member extends along the extending direction of the material conveying track, one end of the elastic member abuts against the wall surface of the U-shaped notch, and the other end of the elastic member abuts against the baffle;
and the first support is provided with a limiting plate stretching across the U-shaped notch, and when the baffle abuts against the material, the baffle abuts against the limiting plate.
As a laser marking equipment's preferred technical scheme, keep off material structure still includes the liftout spare, the liftout spare set up in first support just is located defeated material track below, the liftout spare can be tight or relax in the top of vertical direction first bracing piece with on the second bracing piece the material.
As an optimal technical scheme of laser marking equipment, bearing structure includes and holds carrier, fourth drive structure and fifth drive structure, the tray is arranged in hold carrier, fourth drive structure can drive hold carrier and move in the second direction, fifth drive structure can drive fourth drive structure removes in the first direction, the first direction perpendicular to the second direction.
As an optimal technical scheme of the laser marking device, the blanking assembly further comprises a second support and a seventh driving structure, the first clamping structure and the seventh driving structure are mounted on the second support, and the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure to rotate relative to the first clamping structure.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
this laser marking equipment carries out the supply of material through the feed subassembly, moves the material subassembly and shifts the material between defeated material track, first clamping structure and second clamping structure, and the material is beaten the mark by the laser instrument on first clamping structure to cooperation through second clamping structure and tray assembly realizes putting of material, and is not only efficient, and beats the mark position and be difficult to appear the skew, can guarantee laser marking's quality.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a laser marking apparatus provided in this embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding assembly provided in this embodiment;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the material blocking structure provided in this embodiment;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 at A;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the material moving assembly, the blanking assembly and the tray assembly provided in this embodiment.
Wherein:
1. a supply assembly; 11. a vibrating pan; 12. a material conveying track; 121. a first support bar; 122. a second support bar; 123. a third support bar; 13. a material blocking structure; 131. a first bracket; 1311. a U-shaped notch; 132. a baffle plate; 133. an elastic member; 134. a limiting plate; 14. a material stirring structure; 141. a third support; 142. a sixth drive configuration; 143. a material stirring plate; 15. a material ejecting part; 151. a cylinder rod;
2. a tray assembly; 21. a tray; 22. a carrier; 23. a fourth drive configuration; 24. a fifth drive configuration;
3. a blanking assembly; 31. a first clamping structure; 32. a second clamping structure; 33. a second bracket; 34. a connecting rod; 341. a first connecting rod; 342. a second connecting rod;
4. a material moving component; 41. a third clamping structure; 42. a fourth clamping structure; 43. a second drive structure; 44. a third drive structure; 45. a first drive structure; 46. a first connecting plate; 47. a second connecting plate;
5. a laser assembly; 51. a laser; 52. a laser holder;
6. a support table;
7. a work table;
8. and (3) feeding.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that are conventionally placed when the products of the present invention are used, and are used only for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements to be referred to must have specific orientations, be constructed in specific orientations, and operate, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used solely to distinguish one from another, and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "disposed" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being either fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; either mechanically or electrically. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. "beneath," "under" and "beneath" a first feature includes the first feature being directly beneath and obliquely beneath the second feature, or simply indicating that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar functions throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present embodiment provides a laser marking apparatus, which includes a feeding assembly 1, a tray assembly 2, a blanking assembly 3, a material moving assembly 4, and a laser assembly 5. The feeding assembly 1 comprises a vibrating plate 11 and a feeding track 12 connected to the vibrating plate 11. The tray assembly 2 comprises a tray 21 and a bearing structure, and the bearing structure can drive the tray 21 to horizontally move. The blanking assembly 3 comprises a first clamping structure 31 and a second clamping structure 32, and the second clamping structure 32 can rotate relative to the first clamping structure 31 by a preset angle to place the material 8 on the tray 21. The laser assembly 5 comprises a laser 51, the laser 51 being located above the first clamping structure 31, the laser 51 being used for marking the material 8. The material transfer assembly 4 is capable of transferring material 8 between the delivery track 12, the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32.
This laser marking equipment carries out the supply of material 8 through feed assembly 1, move material subassembly 4 and at defeated material track 12, transfer material 8 between first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32, material 8 accomplishes laser marking on first clamping structure 31, and realize putting of material 8 through the cooperation of second clamping structure 32 and tray subassembly 2, compare prior art, high efficiency, and beat the mark position and be difficult to appear the skew, guarantee to beat the quality of mark.
Referring to fig. 1, the laser assembly 5 further includes a laser holder 52, and the laser 51 is disposed on the laser holder 52.
In this embodiment, the material 8 includes a first shaft portion and a second shaft portion integrally provided, and an outer diameter of the second shaft portion is larger than an outer diameter of the first shaft portion.
Referring to fig. 2 to 4, the feeding track 12 includes a first supporting rod 121, a second supporting rod 122 and a third supporting rod 123 extending along the same direction, the first supporting rod 121 and the second supporting rod 122 are disposed at an interval, the third supporting rod 123 is located above the first supporting rod 121, and the first supporting rod 121, the second supporting rod 122 and the third supporting rod 123 are all connected to the vibrating tray 11.
It should be noted that, the first end of the material 8 has a notch, when the material 8 slides in the material conveying track 12, the second end of the material 8 is located between the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122, and the third support rod 123 is clamped in the notch, that is, under the action of the vibrating plate 11, the material 8 slides forward on the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122, and the rotation of the material 8 is avoided through the cooperation of the third support rod 123 and the notch.
Specifically, the second shaft portion of the material 8 is provided with the notch. When the material 8 is located on the feeding track 12, the first shaft is located between the first supporting rod 121 and the second supporting rod 122, and the third supporting rod 123 is clamped in the notch on the second shaft.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4 again, the feeding assembly 1 further includes a material blocking structure 13, the material blocking structure 13 includes a first bracket 131, a baffle 132 and an elastic member 133, the baffle 132 is rotatably connected to the first bracket 131, the baffle 132 is located at an end of the material conveying track 12 away from the vibrating tray 11, and the elastic member 133 can apply a force to the baffle 132 so that the baffle 132 abuts against the material 8. Set up through baffle 132 and elastic component 133 and come to carry on spacingly to material 8, and elastic component 133's setting can avoid baffle 132 to receive the influence of vibration dish 11 vibration and can't support material 8 moreover.
Further, a predetermined gap is formed between the baffle 132 and the end of the delivery track 12. So set up, the existence in this predetermined clearance makes baffle 132 can support material 8 on the one hand, avoids material 8 to drop, and on the other hand is convenient for subsequent clamping structure to press from both sides and gets material 8 and not receive the interference of first bracing piece 121, second bracing piece 122 and third bracing piece 123.
Specifically, the first bracket 131 is provided with a U-shaped notch 1311, a part of the baffle 132 is located in the U-shaped notch 1311, the elastic member 133 extends along the extending direction of the feeding track 12, and one end of the elastic member abuts against a wall surface of the U-shaped notch 1311, and the other end abuts against the baffle 132. The elastic member 133 is preferably, but not limited to, a spring. In addition, the first bracket 131 is provided with a limiting plate 134 crossing the U-shaped notch 1311, and when the baffle 132 abuts against the material 8, the baffle 132 abuts against the limiting plate 134.
It will be appreciated that the position of the restriction plate 134 is such that the flap 132 is kept at a predetermined clearance from the end of the delivery track 12 by the resilient member 133. It should be noted that, under the preset gap between the baffle 132 and the end of the conveying track 12, the baffle 132 abuts against the outermost material 8, and the outermost material 8 abuts against the adjacent material 8 on the inner side, and the outermost material 8 is located substantially outside the conveying track 12, so as to facilitate the clamping by the third clamping structure 41.
Further, this laser marking equipment still includes brace table 6 and workstation 7, and vibration dish 11 sets up in brace table 6, and first support 131, tray component 2, unloading subassembly 3 and move material subassembly 4 and all set up in workstation 7. The laser support 52 is also arranged on the workbench 7, and the elastic member 133 is arranged, so that the vibration of the vibration disk 11 is not transmitted to the workbench 7, and the stability of the tray assembly 2, the blanking assembly 3, the material moving assembly 4 and the laser 51 is ensured.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the material blocking structure 13 further includes a material ejecting member 15, the material ejecting member 15 is disposed on the first support 131 and located below the material conveying track 12, and the material ejecting member 15 can tightly eject or release the material on the first support rod 121 and the second support rod 122 in the vertical direction.
By arranging the material ejecting part 15, when the clamping structure 41 needs to clamp the material 8 supported by the baffle plate 132, the material ejecting part tightly ejects at least one material 8 on the inner side of the material 8 supported by the baffle plate 132, at this time, the material 8 cannot slide along the first supporting rod 121 and the second supporting rod 122, so that interference on the clamping structure cannot be generated, after the material 8 supported by the baffle plate 132 is clamped away by the clamping structure, the material ejecting part 15 releases the material 8, and the material 8 slides forwards and is supported by the baffle plate 132.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the ejector 15 is preferably, but not limited to, an air cylinder, and the air cylinder rod 151 of the air cylinder can press or release the material 8. Cylinder rod 151 can now only push against one material 8 inside the material 8 that is held against by baffle 132. Of course, other configurations or multiple ejector members 15 can be used to simultaneously eject multiple masses 8.
Referring to fig. 2, the feeding device further includes a material stirring structure 14, the material stirring structure 14 includes a material stirring plate 143 located above the topmost track in the vibration plate 11, and a distance between the material stirring plate 143 and the topmost track in the vibration plate 11 is adjustable in a vertical direction.
It can be understood that, when the material 8 is conveyed by the vibrating tray 11, the material 8 may be in various forms, and for the material 8 of this embodiment, the material 8 may be vertically placed on the topmost track in the vibrating tray 11, and the material 8 cannot enter the conveying track 12 in this form, so that the material 8 is laid down by the setting of the material-poking plate 143, thereby facilitating the subsequent entering of the material 8 into the conveying track 12. In the vertical direction, the distance between the material-poking plate 143 and the topmost track in the vibration plate 11 is adjustable, so that material poking is realized for materials 8 of different sizes.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the material shifting structure 14 includes a third bracket 141, a sixth driving structure 142 and the material shifting plate 143, the sixth driving structure 142 is disposed on the third bracket 141, the material shifting plate 143 is connected to the sixth driving structure 142, and the sixth driving structure 142 can drive the material shifting plate 143 to move vertically. The sixth driving structure 142 is preferably, but not limited to, a cylinder.
Referring to fig. 5, the material moving assembly 4 includes a first driving structure 45, a third clamping structure 41 and a fourth clamping structure 42, and the first driving structure 45 can drive the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to move horizontally in a first direction.
In the first direction, the distance between the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 is the same as the distance between the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 and the distance between the first clamping structure 21 and the feeding position on the feeding track 12. It can be understood that, taking the third clamping structure 41 close to the feeding track 12 relative to the fourth clamping structure 42 as an example, when the third clamping structure 41 is located at the feeding position, the fourth clamping structure 42 is located at a position corresponding to the first clamping structure 31, and when the third clamping structure 41 is moved to a position corresponding to the first clamping structure 31, the fourth clamping structure 42 is moved to a position corresponding to the second clamping structure 32, so that the continuous conveying of the material 8 among the feeding track 12, the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 can be realized, and the efficiency is improved.
It should be noted that the material 8 on the delivery track 12, which is in contact with the baffle 132, is located at the feeding level.
Further, move material subassembly 4 and still include second drive structure 43 and third drive structure 44 that all set up on first drive structure 45, second drive structure 43 can drive third clamping structure 41 vertical migration, and third drive structure 44 can drive fourth clamping structure 42 vertical migration. Through the arrangement of the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44, the interference between the first driving structure 45 and the first clamping structure 31 or the second clamping structure 32 when the first driving structure 45 drives the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to move in the first direction is avoided.
It should be noted that the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 both include a pneumatic finger and a clamping jaw, and the clamping jaw is installed on the pneumatic finger, and the pneumatic finger drives the corresponding clamping jaw to clamp the material 8. Furthermore, the second drive structure 43 and the third drive structure 44 are each preferably a three-axis cylinder. And the first drive structure 45 is preferably an electrically driven platform.
Further, the material moving assembly 4 further includes a first connecting plate 46 and a second connecting plate 47, the first connecting plate 46 has one end connected to the second driving structure 43 and the other end connected to the third clamping structure 41, and the second connecting plate 47 has one end connected to the third driving structure 44 and the other end connected to the fourth clamping structure 42.
Through the arrangement of the first connecting plate 46 and the second connecting plate 47, the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 can be spaced from the first driving structure 45, the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44, so that the arrangement of the first driving structure 45, the second driving structure 43 and the third driving structure 44 is facilitated, and the interference between the material moving assembly 4 and the first bracket 131, the blanking assembly 3 and the tray assembly 2 is avoided.
Referring to fig. 5, the blanking assembly 3 further includes a second bracket 33 and a seventh driving structure, the first clamping structure 31 and the seventh driving structure are both mounted on the second bracket 33, the second clamping structure 32 is connected to the seventh driving structure, and the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure 22 to rotate relative to the first clamping structure 31.
Further, the blanking assembly 3 further comprises a connecting rod 34, one end of the connecting rod 34 is connected to the seventh driving structure, the other end of the connecting rod 34 is connected to the second clamping structure 32, and the length of the connecting rod 34 is adjustable. The connecting rod 34 extends in the first direction. In the embodiment, the connecting rod 34 includes a first connecting rod 341 and a second connecting rod 342 connected, the first connecting rod 341 is connected to the seventh driving structure, and the second connecting rod 342 is connected to the second clamping structure 32. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first connection rod 341 and the second connection rod 342 are each provided with a plurality of through holes along the extending direction thereof, and the fastening member is preferably a bolt to connect the first connection rod 341 and the second connection rod 342 through the through holes, so that the adjustment of the length of the connection rod 34 can be realized.
In this embodiment, the seventh driving structure is preferably a slewing cylinder. Of course, in other embodiments, the seventh driving structure may also be a motor or the like. In addition, above-mentioned first clamping structure 31 and second clamping structure 32 all include pneumatic finger and clamping jaw, and the clamping jaw is installed in pneumatic finger, and pneumatic finger drives the clamping jaw that corresponds and realizes the centre gripping to material 8.
It should be noted that, in this embodiment, the preset angle is 90 °, that is, the seventh driving structure can drive the second clamping structure 32 to rotate 90 ° to place the material 8 on the tray 21. Specifically, the connecting rod 34 is assembled on a dial of the rotary cylinder through a screw, and the connecting rod 34 is provided with a limiting block and a hydraulic buffer for limiting the swing angle of the rotary cylinder to 0-90 °. The second clamping structure 32 has a first position and a second position relative to the first clamping structure 31, and when the second clamping structure 32 is located at the first position, the pneumatic fingers of the first clamping structure 31 and the second clamping structure 32 are both vertically arranged. When the second clamping structure 32 is located at the second position, the pneumatic fingers of the second clamping structure 32 are horizontally disposed, and the seventh driving structure drives the second clamping structure 32 to rotate to move from the first position to the second position or from the second position to the first position.
Further, in the embodiment, the position of the first clamping structure 31 on the second bracket 33 is adjustable in the extending direction of the connecting rod 34. The relative positions of the first clamp structure 31 and the second clamp structure 32 can be adjusted by matching with the connecting rod 34. Specifically, the second bracket 33 is provided with a strip-shaped hole extending along the extending direction of the connecting rod 34, a fastener is matched with the strip-shaped hole to fasten the first clamping structure 31, and the position of the first clamping structure 31 can be adjusted within the length range of the strip-shaped hole, and the fastener is preferably a bolt and a nut.
Referring to fig. 5, the supporting structure includes a supporting member 22, a fourth driving structure 23 and a fifth driving structure 24, the tray 21 is disposed on the supporting member 22, the fourth driving structure 23 can drive the supporting member 22 to move in the second direction, and the fifth driving structure 24 can drive the fourth driving structure 23 to move in the first direction, where the first direction is perpendicular to the second direction. Further, the connecting rod 34 extends in the first direction. Specifically, the first direction is an ab direction in fig. 1, and the second direction is a cd direction in fig. 1.
The tray 21 is driven to move by the fourth driving structure 23 and the fifth driving structure 24, so that the second clamping structure 32 can sequentially place a plurality of materials 8 on the tray 21 by moving the tray 21.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the fourth driving structure 23 and the fifth driving structure 24 are preferably electrically driven moving platforms, and in other embodiments, other structures capable of driving the tray 21 to move may also be selected.
Further, the carrier 22 is provided with a plurality of limiting grooves, and each limiting groove can accommodate one tray 21. In particular, in the present embodiment, two recesses are provided on the carrier 22, that is to say the carrier 22 carries two trays 21.
The operation of the laser marking device will be described in detail below.
1. The materials 8 enter the conveying track 12 under the vibration action of the vibration disk 11 and are arranged in sequence, and the outermost materials 8 are resisted by the baffle plate 132.
2. The first drive structure 45 drives the third and fourth gripping structures 41, 42 to move in the direction a-b until the third gripping structure 41 is located above the feeding position, at which time the fourth gripping structure 42 is located above the first gripping structure 31, and then the second drive structure 43 drives the third gripping structure 41 to descend to grip the material 8 at the feeding position, and the third drive structure 44 drives the fourth gripping structure 42 to descend (if there is material 8 on the first gripping structure 31 at this time, the fourth gripping structure 42 grips the material 8 and the first gripping structure 31 releases the material 8, which material 8 is the material 8 after marking).
3. The second driving structure 43 drives the third clamping structure 41 to ascend, the third driving structure 44 drives the fourth clamping structure 42 to ascend, and the first driving structure 45 drives the third clamping structure 41 and the fourth clamping structure 42 to move along the direction b-a until the third clamping structure 41 is positioned above the first clamping structure 31, and at the same time, the fourth clamping structure 42 is positioned above the second clamping structure 32.
4. The second drive mechanism 43 drives the third gripping mechanism 41 down and the material 8 released by the third gripping mechanism 41 is gripped by the first gripping mechanism 31, while the third drive mechanism 44 drives the fourth gripping mechanism 42 down and the material 8 released by the fourth gripping mechanism 42 is gripped by the second gripping mechanism 32. The second drive structure 43 then drives the third gripping structure 41 up, while the third drive structure 44 drives the fourth gripping structure 42 up, and then moves in the a-b direction under the drive of the first drive structure 45 until the third gripping structure 41 is above the feed position.
5. The laser 51 marks the material 8 clamped by the first clamping structure 31; the seventh driving structure drives the second clamping structure 32 to rotate by 90 degrees through the connecting rod 34 to place the materials 8 on the tray 21, and in the process, the fourth driving structure 23 and the fifth driving structure 24 drive the tray 21 to horizontally move, so that the materials 8 are sequentially placed.
The process is carried out circularly, continuous feeding and discharging are realized, and efficiency is improved.
It should be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a laser marking equipment, its characterized in that includes feed subassembly (1), tray subassembly (2), unloading subassembly (3), moves material subassembly (4) and laser instrument subassembly (5), feed subassembly (1) including vibration dish (11) and with defeated material track (12) that vibration dish (11) link to each other, tray subassembly (2) are including tray (21) and bearing structure, bearing structure is configured to drive tray (21) horizontal migration, unloading subassembly (3) are including first clamping structure (31) and second clamping structure (32), second clamping structure (32) can be relative first clamping structure (31) rotate preset angle in order to arrange material (8) in tray (21), laser instrument subassembly (5) include laser instrument (51), laser instrument (51) are located first clamping structure (31) top, the material moving assembly (4) is configured to move the material (8) between the material conveying track (12), the first clamping structure (31) and the second clamping structure (32).
2. Laser marking device according to claim 1, characterized in that the transfer assembly (4) comprises a first drive structure (45), a third clamping structure (41) and a fourth clamping structure (42), the first drive structure (45) being configured to be able to drive the third clamping structure (41) and the fourth clamping structure (42) in a horizontal movement in a first direction;
in the first direction, the distance between the third clamping structure (41) and the fourth clamping structure (42) is the same as the distance between the first clamping structure (31) and the second clamping structure (32) and the distance between the first clamping structure (31) and the material feeding position on the material conveying track (12).
3. The laser marking device according to claim 2, characterized in that the material moving assembly (4) further comprises a second driving structure (43) and a third driving structure (44) which are both arranged on the first driving structure (45), the second driving structure (43) can drive the third clamping structure (41) to vertically move, and the third driving structure (44) can drive the fourth clamping structure (42) to vertically move.
4. The laser marking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the feeding assembly (1) further comprises a material blocking structure (13), the material blocking structure (13) comprises a first support (131), a baffle (132) and an elastic member (133), the baffle (132) is rotatably disposed on the first support (131), the baffle (132) is located at one end of the material conveying track (12) far away from the vibration disc (11), and the elastic member (133) is configured to apply an acting force to the baffle (132) so that the baffle (132) abuts against the material (8).
5. Laser marking device according to claim 4, characterized in that the laser marking device further comprises a support table (6) and a worktable (7), the vibration disc (11) is arranged on the support table (6), and the first support (131), the tray assembly (2), the blanking assembly (3) and the material moving assembly (4) are arranged on the worktable (7).
6. The laser marking device according to claim 5, wherein the feeding track (12) comprises a first support rod (121), a second support rod (122) and a third support rod (123) which extend in the same direction, the first support rod (121) and the second support rod (122) are arranged at intervals, the third support rod (123) is positioned above the first support rod (121), and the first support rod (121), the second support rod (122) and the third support rod (123) are all connected to the vibration disc (11);
the first end of material (8) has the breach, works as material (8) in when defeated material track (12) slide, the second end of material (8) is located first bracing piece (121) with between third bracing piece (123), second bracing piece (122) card is located the breach.
7. The laser marking device as claimed in claim 6, wherein the first bracket (131) is provided with a U-shaped notch (1311), a part of the baffle (132) is located in the U-shaped notch (1311), the elastic member (133) extends along the extending direction of the feeding track (12), one end of the elastic member abuts against the wall surface of the U-shaped notch (1311), and the other end of the elastic member abuts against the baffle (132);
a limiting plate (134) crossing the U-shaped notch (1311) is arranged on the first support (131), and when the baffle (132) abuts against the material (8), the baffle (132) abuts against the limiting plate (134).
8. The laser marking device according to claim 6, characterized in that the stopper structure (13) further comprises a material ejecting member (15), wherein the material ejecting member (15) is arranged on the first support (131) and below the conveying track (12), and the material ejecting member (15) can tightly eject or release the material (8) on the first support rod (121) and the second support rod (122) in the vertical direction.
9. Laser marking device according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying structure comprises a carrier (22), a fourth drive structure (23) and a fifth drive structure (24), the tray (21) being arranged on the carrier (22), the fourth drive structure (23) being able to bring the carrier (22) to a movement in a second direction, the fifth drive structure (24) being able to bring the fourth drive structure (23) to a movement in a first direction, the first direction being perpendicular to the second direction.
10. Laser marking device according to claim 1, characterized in that the blanking assembly (3) further comprises a second support (33) and a seventh drive structure, the first clamping structure (31) and the seventh drive structure being mounted to the second support (33), the seventh drive structure being able to drive the second clamping structure (32) in rotation relative to the first clamping structure (31).
CN202210404637.1A 2022-04-18 2022-04-18 Laser marking equipment Active CN114769911B (en)

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CN210649738U (en) * 2019-08-28 2020-06-02 佛山市名将自动化设备有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging numerical control machine tool for machining wheel-shaped metal workpieces
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