CN114525875A - Arch-plate combined functional assembled floor and forming structure thereof - Google Patents

Arch-plate combined functional assembled floor and forming structure thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114525875A
CN114525875A CN202210312782.7A CN202210312782A CN114525875A CN 114525875 A CN114525875 A CN 114525875A CN 202210312782 A CN202210312782 A CN 202210312782A CN 114525875 A CN114525875 A CN 114525875A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
arch
floor
fabricated floor
core
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Pending
Application number
CN202210312782.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘浩宇
沈沛文
王海超
王露
姜佩弦
白凌宇
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Nantong Institute of Technology
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Nantong Institute of Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by Nantong Institute of Technology filed Critical Nantong Institute of Technology
Priority to CN202210312782.7A priority Critical patent/CN114525875A/en
Publication of CN114525875A publication Critical patent/CN114525875A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/43Floor structures of extraordinary design; Features relating to the elastic stability; Floor structures specially designed for resting on columns only, e.g. mushroom floors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0002Auxiliary parts or elements of the mould
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0002Auxiliary parts or elements of the mould
    • B28B7/0011Mould seals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0002Auxiliary parts or elements of the mould
    • B28B7/0014Fastening means for mould parts, e.g. for attaching mould walls on mould tables; Mould clamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/10Moulds with means incorporated therein, or carried thereby, for ejecting or detaching the moulded article
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]

Abstract

The invention discloses an arch-plate combined functional assembled floor slab and a forming structure thereof, and relates to the technical field of assembled floor slab structures. The design adopts an arch-plate combination mode, the support of the plate adopts an arch foot type structure, the core plate is a flat plate, the span of the core plate is reduced because the core plate is supported on the curved arch support, and the calculated deflection coefficient is smaller, so the calculated deflection is smaller, and the cracking of the floor slab can be avoided.

Description

Arch-plate combined functional assembled floor and forming structure thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of an assembled floor structure, in particular to an arch-plate combined functional assembled floor and a forming structure thereof.
Background
Although the floor with the assembly type structure adopts an assembly integral structure, the deflection calculation coefficient of the floor is still larger than that of a fixed end, and certain problems generally exist in the quality of the existing building materials, so that cracks of the floor plate occur frequently, the service performance of the structure is reduced, and civil disputes of owners and developers occur frequently.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an arch-plate combined functional assembled floor slab and a forming structure thereof, so as to solve the defects caused in the prior art.
The assembled floor comprises a core plate, arch feet, a reinforcing mesh and hollow pipes, wherein the core plate is horizontally arranged, the four arch feet are uniformly distributed around the core plate, an integrated cement pouring piece is arranged between the core plate and the four arch feet, the reinforcing mesh is pre-embedded in the integrated cement pouring piece, the four hollow pipes are respectively pre-embedded in the four arch feet, and two adjacent hollow pipes are connected through a pipe joint.
Preferably, the thickness of the core plate is 120mm, the height of the arch springing is 240mm, the width of the arch springing is 250mm, the connecting part of the core plate and the arch springing is rounded, and the radius value of the fillet is 120 mm.
Preferably, the fabricated floor can be manufactured through a floor forming structure, the floor forming structure comprises a bottom plate, a middle mounting cover and side plates, the bottom plate is horizontally arranged, a rectangular clamping groove is formed in the upper side of the bottom plate, the middle mounting cover is positioned above the bottom plate and can be correspondingly clamped in the clamping groove, the side plates are provided with four fixing strips and are correspondingly distributed around the bottom plate, a pair of rectangular clamping openings are symmetrically formed in two ends of each side plate, two adjacent side plates can be mutually meshed and connected through the respective clamping openings, a plurality of fixing strips are uniformly welded at the tops of the side plates, the fixing strips are outwards arranged in an overhanging manner, a first threaded hole is formed in the overhanging end of each fixing strip, a trapezoidal fixing frame is uniformly fixed on the outer side of each side plate of the bottom plate, and a second threaded hole is formed in the tops of the fixing frames, the threaded hole I is connected with the threaded hole II through a threaded rod, and the top key of the threaded rod is connected with a hand wheel.
Preferably, a moving plate is arranged below the bottom mounting plate in parallel, the lower side of the moving plate is uniformly provided with Fu horse wheels, the upper side of the moving plate is uniformly provided with hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic cylinders are vertically and upwards arranged, the tail ends of piston rods of the hydraulic cylinders are connected with a '+' shaped lifting block, the bottom mounting plate is provided with a '+' shaped through groove right above each lifting block, and the lifting block can freely penetrate through the through groove and is contacted with the middle mounting cover.
Preferably, the inside of the clamping groove is detachably connected with a sealing ring.
Preferably, criss-cross reinforcing ribs I are welded on the inner wall of the middle mounting cover.
Preferably, criss-cross reinforcing ribs II are welded on the outer wall of the side mounting plate.
Preferably, a rubber strip is adhered to the lower surface of the side mounting plate.
Compared with the prior art, the arch-plate combined functional assembled floor and the forming structure thereof have the following advantages:
1. the design adopts an arch-plate combination mode, the support of the plate adopts an arch foot type structure, the core plate is a flat plate, the span of the core plate is reduced because the core plate is supported on the curved arch support, and the calculated deflection coefficient is smaller, so the calculated deflection is smaller, and the cracking of the floor slab can be avoided. Meanwhile, holes with the diameter of 60mm or 80mm are arranged on the cross section of the curve arch and used for laying pipelines and the like, so that the use function is improved.
2. When the floor forming structure of the arch-plate combined functional assembly type floor is actually applied, in the demolding stage, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder can extend and drive the lifting block to lift the middle assembling cover and the assembly type floor upwards so as to separate the assembly type floor from the bottom assembling plate, then the sealing ring in the clamping groove is hooked out, and then the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder contracts and drives the lifting block to descend until the middle assembling cover is buckled in the clamping groove again, and the lifting block is separated from the middle assembling cover.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the whole assembly type floor slab of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional structure diagram of the assembled floor slab of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a three-dimensional structural schematic diagram of the floor slab forming structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic front view of the floor slab forming structure according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the bottom plate in the floor slab forming structure.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the intermediate plate in the floor slab forming structure.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of a side-mounted panel in a floor slab forming structure.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a fixing frame in a floor slab forming structure.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the moving plate in the floor slab forming structure.
Wherein:
10-fabricated floor slab; 101-core board; 102-arch springing; 103-reinforcing mesh; 104-hollow tube; 105-a pipe joint;
20-floor slab forming structure; 201-bottom mounting plate; 201 a-clamping groove; 201 b-through slots; 202-a support seat; 203-sealing ring; 204-middle loading cover; 2041-reinforcing rib one; 205-side mounting plate; 205 a-card port; 2051-reinforcing rib II; 206-rubber strip; 207-fixing strips; 207 a-threaded hole one; 208-a fixed mount; 208 a-threaded hole two; 209-threaded rod; 210-a hand wheel; 211-moving plate; 212-Fuma wheel; 213-hydraulic cylinder; 214-lifting block.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, an arch-slab combination functional fabricated floor slab 10 includes a core slab 101, arch feet 102, reinforcing mesh 103 and hollow pipes 104, the core slab 101 is horizontally disposed, the arch feet 102 are provided with four and evenly distributed around the core slab 101, an integral cement casting is provided between the core slab 101 and the four arch feet 102, the reinforcing mesh 103 is embedded in the integral cement casting, the hollow pipes 104 are provided with four and respectively embedded in the four arch feet 102, and two adjacent hollow pipes 104 are connected through a 90-degree pipe joint 105.
In this embodiment, the thickness of the core board 101 is 120mm, the height of the arch springing 102 is 240mm, the width of the arch springing 102 is 250mm, the joint of the core board 101 and the arch springing 102 is rounded, and the radius of the fillet is 120 mm. The height of the arched side beams is about twice of the plate thickness, the effective width of the arch foot 102 occupied towards the center of the core plate 101 is not less than 250mm, so that the span of the core plate 101 is reduced by about 500mm, and the deflection calculation coefficient is smaller due to the strong constraint of the arch foot 102, so that the calculated deflection is very small, and the core plate can be prevented from generating cracks.
In this embodiment, the fabricated floor 10 can be manufactured by a floor forming structure 20, the floor forming structure 20 includes a bottom installation plate 201, a middle installation cover 204 and side installation plates 205, the bottom installation plate 201 is horizontally disposed, a rectangular clamping groove 201a is disposed on an upper side of the bottom installation plate 201, the middle installation cover 204 is located above the bottom installation plate 201 and can be correspondingly clamped in the clamping groove 201a, the side installation plates 205 are four and correspondingly distributed around the bottom installation plate 201, a pair of rectangular clamping openings 203a is symmetrically disposed at two ends of the side installation plate 205, two adjacent side installation plates 205 can be mutually engaged and connected through the respective clamping openings 203a, a plurality of fixing bars 207 are uniformly welded at the top of the side installation plates 205, the fixing bars 207 are outwardly cantilevered and provided with a threaded hole 207a at the cantilevered end, trapezoidal fixing brackets 208 are uniformly fixed on outer sides of the bottom installation plates 201 of the side installation plates 205, the top of the fixing frame 208 is provided with a second threaded hole 208a, the first threaded hole 207a is connected with the second threaded hole 208a through a threaded rod 209, and the top end of the threaded rod 209 is in key connection with a hand wheel 210.
In this embodiment, a moving plate 211 is disposed below the bottom mounting plate 201 in parallel, the horseback wheels 211 are uniformly mounted on the lower side of the moving plate 211, hydraulic cylinders 213 are uniformly mounted on the upper side of the moving plate 211, the hydraulic cylinders 213 are vertically disposed upward and connected to "+" shaped lifting blocks 214 at the ends of the piston rods thereof, the bottom mounting plate 201 is provided with "+" shaped through grooves 201b right above the lifting blocks 214, and the lifting blocks 214 can freely pass through the through grooves 201b and contact with the midium 204.
In this embodiment, a sealing ring 203 is detachably connected to the inside of the clamping groove 201 a. The sealing ring 203 is additionally arranged, so that the cement mortar can be prevented from leaking from the clamping groove 201 a.
In this embodiment, criss-cross ribs 2041 are welded to the inner wall of the middle mounting cover 204. The integral structural strength of the middle assembling cover 204 can be improved by additionally arranging the first reinforcing rib 2041.
In this embodiment, the outer wall of the side mounting plate 205 is welded with criss-cross reinforcing ribs two 2051. The overall structural strength of the side mounting plate 205 can be improved by additionally arranging the second reinforcing rib 2051.
In this embodiment, a rubber strip 206 is adhered to the lower surface of the side mounting plate 203. The rubber strip 206 is additionally arranged, so that cement mortar can be prevented from leaking from a gap between the bottom installation plate 201 and the side installation plate 205.
When the floor slab forming structure of the arch-plate combined functional assembled floor slab is actually applied, the floor slab forming structure comprises the following use steps:
step 1: firstly plugging the sealing ring 203 into the clamping groove 201a, and then clamping the mounting cover 204 into the clamping groove 201 a;
step 2: the four side mounting plates 205 are connected end to end in a mutual meshing mode, and the fixing strips 207 are reliably connected with the fixing frame 208 by screwing each threaded rod 209;
and step 3: uniformly coating a layer of release agent on the upper surfaces of the bottom mounting plate 201 and the middle mounting cover 204 and the inner surface of the side mounting plate 205, and then putting the pre-assembled reinforcing mesh 103, the hollow pipe 104 and the pipe joint 105;
and 4, step 4: pouring a proper amount of cement mortar into a space defined by the bottom installation plate 201, the middle installation cover 204 and the side installation plate 205, vibrating, grinding and laminating to wait for natural shaping;
and 5: the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder 213 extends and drives the lifting block 214 to lift the middle assembling cover 204 and the assembled floor slab 10 upwards so as to separate the assembled floor slab 10 from the bottom assembling plate 201, then the sealing ring 203 in the clamping groove 201a is hooked, and then the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder 213 contracts and drives the lifting block 214 to descend until the middle assembling cover 204 is buckled in the clamping groove 201a again, and the lifting block 214 is separated from the middle assembling cover 204, and the middle assembling cover 204 can be separated from the assembled floor slab 10 under the action of the self gravity of the middle assembling cover 204 and the bottom of the clamping groove 201a due to the height difference.
The embodiments disclosed above are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive. All changes which come within the scope of or are equivalent to the scope of the invention are intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (8)

1. An arch-plate combined functional fabricated floor is characterized in that: the fabricated floor (10) comprises a core plate (101), arch feet (102), reinforcing mesh (103) and hollow pipes (104), wherein the core plate (101) is horizontally arranged, the arch feet (102) are four and are uniformly distributed around the core plate (101), the core plate (101) and the four arch feet (102) are integrally formed by cement pouring, the reinforcing mesh (103) is pre-embedded in the integrally formed cement pouring, the hollow pipes (104) are four and are respectively pre-embedded in the four arch feet (102), and the two adjacent hollow pipes (104) are connected through a 90-degree pipe joint (105).
2. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the thickness of core board (101) is 120mm, the height of hunch foot (102) is 240mm, the width of hunch foot (102) is 250mm, the fillet is handled to the junction of core board (101) and hunch foot (102), the radius value of fillet is 120 mm.
3. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor slab as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fabricated floor (10) can be manufactured through a floor forming structure (20), the floor forming structure (20) comprises a bottom mounting plate (201), a middle mounting cover (204) and side mounting plates (205), the bottom mounting plate (201) is horizontally arranged, rectangular clamping grooves (201a) are formed in the upper side of the bottom mounting plate (201), the middle mounting cover (204) is located above the bottom mounting plate (201) and can be correspondingly clamped in the clamping grooves (201a), the side mounting plates (205) are provided with four clamping holes which are correspondingly distributed around the bottom mounting plate (201), a pair of rectangular clamping openings (203a) are symmetrically formed in two ends of each side mounting plate (205), two adjacent side mounting plates (205) can be mutually meshed and connected through the respective clamping openings (203a), a plurality of fixing strips (207) are uniformly welded to the tops of the side mounting plates (205), the fixing strips (207) are outwards arranged in an overhanging mode, and threaded holes (207a) are formed in overhanging ends of the fixing strips, bottom dress board (201) all evenly is fixed with trapezoidal mount (208) in the outside of each side dress board (205), the top of mount (208) is equipped with screw hole two (208a), be connected through threaded rod (209) between screw hole one (207a) and screw hole two (208a), the top key-type of threaded rod (209) is connected with hand wheel (210).
4. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the improved electric tool is characterized in that a moving plate (211) is arranged below the bottom mounting plate (201) in parallel, Fu horse wheels (211) are uniformly mounted on the lower side of the moving plate (211), hydraulic cylinders (213) are uniformly mounted on the upper side of the moving plate (211), the hydraulic cylinders (213) are vertically arranged upwards, and the tail ends of piston rods of the hydraulic cylinders (213) are connected with + type lifting blocks (214), the bottom mounting plate (201) is provided with + type through grooves (201b) right above the lifting blocks (214), and the lifting blocks (214) can freely penetrate through the through grooves (201b) and are in contact with a middle mounting cover (204).
5. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the inside of the clamping groove (201a) is detachably connected with a sealing ring (203).
6. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor as claimed in claim 3, wherein: criss-cross strengthening rib one (2041) is welded on the inner wall of well dress cover (204).
7. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and a second criss-cross reinforcing rib (2051) is welded on the outer wall of the side mounting plate (205).
8. An arch-plate combination functional fabricated floor as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the lower surface of the side installation plate (203) is adhered with a rubber strip (206).
CN202210312782.7A 2022-03-28 2022-03-28 Arch-plate combined functional assembled floor and forming structure thereof Pending CN114525875A (en)

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CN114193611A (en) * 2021-12-02 2022-03-18 中铁四局集团第二工程有限公司 Construction forming method of assembly type bridge deck prefabricated member
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CN109571720A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-05 中铁宝桥(扬州)有限公司 A kind of high-accuracy multifunctional concrete slab prefabricated mould and its working method
CN209703805U (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-11-29 天津城建大学 A kind of novel superposed superstructure suitable for steel construction H profile steel beam
CN112144722A (en) * 2019-06-28 2020-12-29 北京京诚华宇建筑设计研究院有限公司 Fireproof floor
CN210798011U (en) * 2019-06-28 2020-06-19 北京京诚华宇建筑设计研究院有限公司 Fireproof floor
CN210947346U (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-07-07 重庆联盛建设项目管理有限公司 Floor cracking prevention and control structure
CN211037483U (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-07-17 石耀卿 Lightweight quakeproof floor structure based on civil engineering
KR20210109281A (en) * 2020-02-27 2021-09-06 (주)지엘월드텍씨엔에스 deck plate structure for long span without support
CN212764005U (en) * 2020-05-26 2021-03-23 郑泽平 Forming die for refractory material
CN212866538U (en) * 2020-05-28 2021-04-02 中电建路桥集团有限公司 Concrete hollow floor structure system
CN215211802U (en) * 2021-05-26 2021-12-17 深圳市宝能装配建筑设计有限公司 Novel prefabricated floor slab and connecting structure thereof
CN215702571U (en) * 2021-05-26 2022-02-01 东莞市建安住宅工业有限公司 Prefabricated outer wall forming die
CN114193611A (en) * 2021-12-02 2022-03-18 中铁四局集团第二工程有限公司 Construction forming method of assembly type bridge deck prefabricated member
CN217000422U (en) * 2022-03-28 2022-07-19 南通理工学院 Arch-plate combined functional assembled floor

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