CN114346071A - Automatic manufacturing equipment and method for guide rail bracket for elevator - Google Patents

Automatic manufacturing equipment and method for guide rail bracket for elevator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114346071A
CN114346071A CN202111666249.2A CN202111666249A CN114346071A CN 114346071 A CN114346071 A CN 114346071A CN 202111666249 A CN202111666249 A CN 202111666249A CN 114346071 A CN114346071 A CN 114346071A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
punching
guide rail
lower die
flanging
rail bracket
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Pending
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CN202111666249.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
应益军
高力峰
王骏
赵高杰
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Ningbo Hongteng Precision Manufacturing Co ltd
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Ningbo Hongteng Precision Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111666249.2A priority Critical patent/CN114346071A/en
Publication of CN114346071A publication Critical patent/CN114346071A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of elevator guide rail supports, in particular to automatic manufacturing equipment and a manufacturing method of a guide rail support for an elevator, which comprises a winding drum conveying device, a punching device, a concave punching device, two side flanging devices, a punching device, a bending device and a shaping device which are arranged in sequence from feeding to discharging; the reel conveying device is used for driving the guide rail bracket material roll to be conveyed to the punching device; the punching device is used for cutting the guide rail bracket material roll to form a single guide rail bracket; the concave stamping device is used for stamping the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; the two-side flanging device is used for bending and turning up two sides of the guide rail bracket; the punching device is used for punching the guide rail bracket; the bending device is used for bending the guide rail bracket; the shaping device is used for finally shaping the bent guide rail bracket. The invention has the advantages of realizing the full-automatic processing of the guide rail bracket and further improving the forming efficiency and the overall production efficiency of the guide rail bracket.

Description

Automatic manufacturing equipment and method for guide rail bracket for elevator
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of elevator guide rail brackets, in particular to automatic manufacturing equipment and a manufacturing method of a guide rail bracket for an elevator.
Background
Guide rail bracket that current elevator was used is in process of production, every process is the processing of appointing the process in independent appointed region, need accomodate the semi-manufactured goods guide rail bracket of last completion like this, accomodate the part of accomodating good semi-manufactured goods guide rail bracket with a basket through artifical shallow and shift to one process down, and in every process course of working, all need the manual work to carry out material loading and unloading, thereby lead to whole production line production efficiency low, and the cost of labor that needs is higher.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of low forming production efficiency of the existing guide rail bracket, and provides automatic manufacturing equipment for the guide rail bracket of the elevator, which is used for realizing full-automatic processing of the guide rail bracket, reducing the manual work intensity and the labor cost and improving the production efficiency of a production line.
For the purpose of the invention, the following technical scheme is adopted for realizing the purpose:
an automatic manufacturing device of a guide rail bracket for an elevator comprises a winding drum conveying device, a punching device, a concave punching device, two side flanging devices, a punching device, a bending device and a shaping device which are arranged in sequence from feeding to discharging; the reel conveying device is positioned at the feeding end side of the punching device; the reel conveying device is used for driving the guide rail bracket material roll to be conveyed to the punching device; the punching device is used for cutting the guide rail bracket material roll to form a single guide rail bracket; the concave stamping device is used for stamping the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; the two-side flanging device is used for bending and turning up two sides of the guide rail bracket; the punching device is used for punching the guide rail bracket; the bending device is used for bending the guide rail bracket; the shaping device is used for finally shaping the bent guide rail bracket; and the guide rail bracket is transferred between any two adjacent working procedures through a transfer manipulator. Realize the full automatic processing of rail brackets, reduce artifical working strength and cost of labor, further promote rail brackets's shaping efficiency.
Preferably, the punching device comprises a first punching machine, a punching upper die and a punching lower die; the punching upper die comprises a punching upper die connecting seat and a punching upper die positioning plate; the punching upper die connecting seat is arranged on a punching part of the first punching machine; a punching cutter is arranged on the punching upper die connecting seat; the outer ring of the punching upper die connecting seat is provided with a plurality of punching upper die positioning columns; the punching upper die positioning plate is movably connected to the plurality of punching upper die positioning columns; the lower end of the punching cutter penetrates through the punching upper die positioning plate; the punching upper die connecting seat is provided with a plurality of punching upper die guide pillars; the punching upper die connecting seat is also provided with a plurality of punching upper die limiting rods; the punching lower die comprises a punching lower die connecting seat and a punching lower die positioning plate; the punching lower die connecting seat is arranged at the lower part of the first punching machine and is positioned below the punching upper die connecting seat; a plurality of punching lower die limiting rods corresponding to the punching upper die limiting rods are arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat; a plurality of punching lower die guide sleeves matched with the punching upper die positioning guide pillars are arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat; the feeding end of the lower die cutting connecting seat is also provided with a U-shaped lower die cutting connecting frame; the punching lower die positioning plate is arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat; a plurality of punching lower die positioning holes corresponding to the punching upper die positioning columns are formed in the punching lower die positioning plate; a punching through hole corresponding to a punching knife of the punching upper die is formed in the punching lower die positioning plate; the punching through hole penetrates through the punching lower die positioning plate and the punching lower die connecting seat; a plurality of lower die positioning blocks for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the lower die positioning plate; and a plurality of punching upper die positioning holes matched with the punching lower die positioning blocks in shape are arranged on the punching upper die positioning plate. Further promote die-cut efficiency of automation and die-cut stability through die-cut device.
Preferably, the recess punching device includes a second punching machine, a recess punching upper die, and a recess punching lower die; the concave stamping upper die comprises a concave stamping upper die connecting seat and a concave stamping upper die positioning plate; the concave stamping upper die connecting seat is arranged on a stamping part of the second stamping machine; a plurality of sunken stamping guide pillars are arranged on the sunken stamping upper die connecting seat; a plurality of concave stamping upper die limiting rods are arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat; a concave stamping head is arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat; the concave stamping upper die positioning plate is arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat, and the bottom of the concave stamping head penetrates through the concave stamping upper die positioning plate; the concave stamping lower die comprises a concave stamping lower die connecting seat and a concave stamping lower die positioning plate; the concave stamping lower die connecting base is arranged at the lower part of the second stamping machine and is positioned below the concave stamping upper die connecting base; a plurality of sunken stamping guide sleeves matched with the sunken stamping guide pillars in shape are arranged on the sunken stamping lower die connecting seat; a plurality of concave stamping lower die limiting rods matched with the concave stamping upper die limiting rods in shape are arranged on the concave stamping lower die connecting seat; the concave stamping lower die positioning plate is arranged on the concave stamping lower die connecting seat; a plurality of sunken stamping lower die limiting blocks for limiting the guide rail bracket are arranged on the sunken stamping lower die positioning plate; and a concave pressure groove matched with the shape of the concave stamping head is arranged on the concave stamping lower die positioning plate. Automatic sunken punching efficiency and die-cut stability are further promoted through sunken stamping device.
Preferably, the two-side flanging device comprises a third punching machine, a flanging upper die and a flanging lower die; the flanging upper die comprises a flanging upper die connecting seat and a flanging upper die positioning plate; the flanging upper die connecting seat is arranged on a punching part of the third punching machine; the outer ring of the flanging upper die connecting seat is provided with a plurality of flanging upper die guide posts; a plurality of flanging upper die limiting rods are arranged on the flanging upper die connecting seat; the flanging upper die positioning plate is arranged at the bottom of the flanging upper die connecting seat; a concave groove is formed in the flanging upper die positioning plate; the flanging lower die comprises a flanging lower die supporting seat, a flanging lower die connecting plate and a flanging lower die positioning plate; the flanging lower die supporting seat is arranged at the lower part of the third punching machine and is positioned below the flanging upper die connecting seat; a plurality of flanging lower die guide sleeves matched with the flanging upper die guide pillars in shape are arranged on the flanging lower die support seat; a plurality of flanging lower die limiting rods corresponding to the flanging upper die limiting rods are arranged on the flanging lower die supporting seat; the flanging lower die connecting plate is arranged at the top of the flanging lower die supporting seat, and a plurality of flanging lower die connecting plate limiting blocks for limiting the flanging lower die positioning plate are arranged on the flanging lower die connecting plate; the flanging lower die positioning plate is arranged on the flanging lower die connecting plate and is positioned on the inner sides of the limiting blocks of the flanging lower die connecting plates; the top surface of the flanging lower die positioning plate is provided with a flanging lower die pressing groove; the width of the flanging lower die pressing groove is larger than that of the flanging upper die positioning plate; the left side and the right side of the flanging lower die positioning plate are respectively provided with a plurality of flanging lower die positioning limiting blocks for limiting the left side and the right side of the guide rail bracket; a plurality of flanging lower die groove limiting blocks used for limiting the front side and the rear side of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the flanging lower die groove; a flanging upper die positioning plate limiting hole corresponding to the flanging lower die pressure groove limiting block is formed in the flanging upper die positioning plate; the flanging lower die pressure groove is also provided with a plurality of flanging lower die pressure groove positioning columns for positioning the flanging upper die positioning plate; and the flanging upper die positioning plate is provided with a flanging upper die positioning hole corresponding to the flanging lower die pressure groove positioning column. Automatic flanging efficiency and punching stability are further improved through the flanging devices on the two sides.
Preferably, the punching apparatus includes a fourth punching machine, a punching upper die, and a punching lower die; the punching upper die comprises a punching upper die connecting seat and a punching upper die positioning plate; the punching upper die connecting seat is arranged on a punching part of the fourth punching machine; the punching upper die connecting seat is at least provided with a punching rod; the outer ring of the punching upper die connecting seat is provided with a plurality of punching upper die positioning columns; the punching upper die positioning plate is movably connected to the plurality of punching upper die positioning columns; the bottom of the punching upper die positioning plate is provided with at least one punching top block; the lower end of the punching rod penetrates through the punching top block; the punching upper die connecting seat is provided with a plurality of punching upper die guide pillars; the punching upper die connecting seat is also provided with a plurality of punching upper die limiting rods; the punching lower die comprises a punching lower die connecting seat and a punching lower die positioning plate; the punching lower die connecting base is arranged at the lower part of the fourth punching machine and is positioned below the punching upper die connecting base; a plurality of lower punching die guide sleeves matched with the upper punching die guide pillars are arranged on the lower punching die connecting seat; a plurality of lower punching die limiting rods corresponding to the upper punching die limiting rods are arranged on the lower punching die connecting seat; the lower punching die positioning plate is arranged on the lower punching die connecting seat; a plurality of lower punching die positioning holes corresponding to the upper punching die positioning columns are formed in the lower punching die positioning plate; a punching through hole corresponding to the punching rod is formed in the lower punching die positioning plate; the punching through hole penetrates through the punching lower die positioning plate and the punching lower die connecting seat; a plurality of lower punching die positioning blocks for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the lower punching die positioning plate; and a plurality of punching upper die positioning holes matched with the punching lower die positioning blocks in shape are arranged on the punching upper die positioning plate. Automatic flanging efficiency and punching stability are further improved through the punching device.
Preferably, the bending device comprises a fifth punching machine, a bending upper die and a bending lower die; the bending upper die comprises a bending upper die connecting seat and a bending stamping block; the bending upper die connecting seat is arranged on a stamping part of the fifth stamping machine; the bending stamping block is arranged at the bottom of the bending upper die connecting seat, the bottom of the bending stamping block is V-shaped, and a concave groove for matching with a concave on the guide rail support is formed in the bending stamping block; a plurality of bending upper die guide pillars are arranged on the bending upper die connecting seat; the bending lower die comprises a bending lower die connecting seat and a bending lower die positioning plate; the bending lower die connecting seat is arranged at the lower part of the fifth punching machine and is positioned below the bending upper die connecting seat; a plurality of bending lower die guide sleeves matched with the bending upper die guide pillars are arranged on the bending lower die connecting seat; the bending lower die positioning plate is arranged on the bending lower die connecting seat; a plurality of bending lower die positioning blocks for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the bending lower die positioning plate; a bending pressure groove is formed in the bending lower die positioning plate; the bending pressure grooves are positioned on the inner sides of the positioning blocks of the bending lower dies; the depth of the bending pressing groove is smaller than the height of the bending punching block; and the bottom surface of the bending pressing groove is provided with a convex block matched with the shape of the concave groove. Further promote automatic efficiency and die-cut stability of bending through bending device.
Preferably, the shaping device and the bending device have the same structure. Further promote automatic design efficiency and die-cut stability through setting device.
Preferably, the moving end of each transfer manipulator is fixedly connected with a transfer connecting plate, and a plurality of transfer suction heads matched with the shape of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the transfer connecting plate; the reel conveying device comprises a reel conveying driving mechanism and a roll flattening mechanism; the discharge end of the winding drum conveying driving mechanism is connected with the feed end of the roll flattening mechanism; the winding drum conveying driving mechanism is used for conveying the guide rail bracket material roll to the rolling mechanism; the rolling mechanism is used for rolling the rolled guide rail bracket into a horizontal shape and conveying the guide rail bracket to the punching device; also comprises a waste recovery device; the waste recovery device is used for recovering the punched waste.
Preferably, the scrap recycling device comprises a first conveyor belt, a second conveyor belt, a gathering conveyor belt and a recycling basket; the first conveying belt is positioned below the punching device, and the second conveying belt is positioned below the punching device; the discharge end of the first conveying belt and the discharge end of the second conveying belt are respectively connected with the gathering conveying belt; the recovery basket is connected below the discharge end of the gathering conveyor belt.
The automatic manufacturing method of the guide rail bracket for the elevator applies the automatic manufacturing equipment of the guide rail bracket for the elevator, and comprises the following steps:
s1, feeding by a guide rail bracket: placing a guide rail bracket material roll to a reel conveying device; conveying the guide rail support material roll through a winding drum conveying driving mechanism, and flattening and conveying the rolled guide rail support material roll to a punching device through a roll flattening mechanism;
s2, punching guide rail brackets: punching by matching a punching upper die and a punching lower die on a punching device, and cutting off a guide rail bracket material roll to form a single guide rail bracket; transferring the single guide rail bracket to a concave stamping device through a transfer manipulator;
s3, concave stamping of the guide rail bracket: stamping through the matching of a concave stamping upper die and a concave stamping lower die on a concave stamping device; stamping the middle part of the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; transferring the guide rail bracket after the concave stamping is finished to flanging devices on two sides through a transfer manipulator;
s4, flanging the guide rail bracket: stamping by matching the flanging upper die and the flanging lower die on the flanging devices at two sides; the left end and the right end of the guide rail bracket are turned upwards; transferring the flanged guide rail bracket to a punching device through a transfer manipulator;
s5, punching of the guide rail bracket: the punching device is characterized in that an upper punching die and a lower punching die on the punching device are matched for punching; punching a plurality of through holes on the guide rail bracket; transferring the guide rail bracket after the punching is finished to a bending device through a transfer manipulator;
s6, bending the guide rail bracket: stamping by matching a bending upper die and a bending lower die on a bending device; bending the guide rail bracket into a V shape; transferring the bent guide rail bracket to a shaping device through a transfer manipulator;
s7, shaping of the guide rail bracket: stamping by matching a shaping upper die and a shaping lower die on a shaping device; accurately shaping the guide rail bracket into a V shape meeting the standard finally; and the shaped guide rail bracket is transferred and discharged into the storage basket through the transfer manipulator.
In conclusion, the automatic manufacturing equipment for the guide rail bracket for the elevator has the advantages that the full-automatic processing of the guide rail bracket is realized, the manual work intensity and the labor cost are reduced, and the forming efficiency of the guide rail bracket is further improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view showing the construction of an apparatus for automatically manufacturing a guide rail bracket for an elevator according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the punching apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the upper die-cutting die of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the dent stamping device of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a depressed stamping upper die in the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the two-side flanging device of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the upper die for flanging at two sides in the invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the punching apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a punching upper die in the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the bending apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a bending upper die in the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of a structure of the transfer robot in the present invention.
Fig. 13 is another schematic configuration of the transfer robot of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic view showing the construction of a waste recycling apparatus according to the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the product molding in the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.
As shown in fig. 1, an automatic manufacturing device for a guide rail bracket for an elevator comprises a reel conveying device 1, a punching device 2, a concave punching device 3, two-side flanging devices 4, a punching device 5, a bending device 6, a shaping device 7 and a waste recovery device 8 which are arranged in sequence from feeding to discharging; the roll conveying device 1 is positioned at the feeding end side of the punching device 2; the reel conveying device 1 is used for driving the guide rail bracket material roll to be conveyed to the punching device 2; the punching device 2 is used for cutting the guide rail bracket material roll to form a single guide rail bracket; the concave stamping device 3 is used for stamping the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; the two-side flanging device 4 is used for bending and turning up two sides of the guide rail bracket; the punching device 5 is used for punching the guide rail bracket; the bending device 6 is used for bending the guide rail bracket; the shaping device 7 is used for finally shaping the bent guide rail bracket; all shift guide rail bracket through shifting manipulator 10 between arbitrary adjacent twice process, waste recovery device 8 is used for retrieving the waste material after the punching press. Realize the full automatic processing of rail brackets, reduce artifical working strength and cost of labor, further promote rail brackets's shaping efficiency.
As shown in fig. 1, the roll conveying apparatus 1 includes a roll conveying drive mechanism 11 and a roll-up mechanism 12; the discharge end of the reel conveying driving mechanism 71 is connected with the feed end of the roll flattening mechanism 12; the reel conveying driving mechanism 11 is used for conveying the guide rail bracket material roll to the roller leveling mechanism 12; the roll flattening mechanism 12 is used to roll the rolled rail holder into a horizontal shape and to feed the rail holder to the die cutting device 2.
As shown in fig. 3, the punching device 2 includes a first punching machine, a punching upper die 21, and a punching lower die 22; the punching upper die 21 comprises a punching upper die connecting seat 211 and a punching upper die positioning plate 212; the punching upper die connecting seat 211 is arranged on a punching part of the first punching machine; the punching upper die connecting seat 211 is driven to punch downwards by the punching part of the first punching machine. The punching upper die connecting seat 211 is provided with a punching knife 213; the punching blade 213 is provided in the front-rear direction, and is used to cut the rail holder roll by the punching blade 213, thereby forming the individual rail holders one by one. The outer ring of the punching upper die connecting seat 211 is provided with a plurality of punching upper die positioning columns 214; the punching upper die positioning plate 212 is movably connected to the punching upper die positioning columns 214, and the lower end of the punching knife 213 penetrates through the punching upper die positioning plate 212; in the downward punching process, the punching upper die positioning plate 212 can be abutted against the punching lower die 22, and then the punching blade 213 can continuously move downward, so that the guide rail bracket can be sufficiently cut by the punching blade 213. The punching upper die connecting seat 211 is provided with four punching upper die guide posts 215 which are respectively positioned on two of the front side and two of the rear side; the upper die and the lower die can be conveniently positioned better by punching the upper die guide post 215. Four punching upper die limiting rods 216 are further arranged on the punching upper die connecting seat 211; four die-cut last mould gag lever posts 216 set up respectively on die-cut four angles of last mould connecting seat 211, can prevent through die-cut last mould gag lever posts 216 that die-cut last mould connecting seat 211 from pushing down excessively to the die-cut lower mould 22 of better protection, and can be accurate roll the guide rail support material and cut off.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the punching lower die 22 includes a punching lower die attachment base 221 and a punching lower die positioning plate 222; the punching lower die connecting base 221 is arranged at the lower part of the first punching machine and is positioned below the punching upper die connecting base 211; the feeding end of the lower die cutting connecting seat 221 is also provided with a U-shaped lower die cutting connecting frame 220; connect frame 220 through die-cut lower mould can be convenient for carry on spacingly with the front and back both sides that the material was rolled up to the rail brackets, be convenient for better roll up the material with the rail brackets and carry to die-cut between last mould 21 and the die-cut lower mould 22. Four punching lower die limiting rods 223 corresponding to the punching upper die limiting rods 216 are arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat 221; through the cooperation of die-cut lower mould gag lever post 223 and die-cut last mould gag lever post 216, can prevent that die-cut last mould 21 and die-cut lower mould 22 pressfitting are excessive, the die-cut last mould 21 of protection that can be better and die-cut lower mould 22. The punching lower die connecting seat 221 is provided with four punching lower die guide sleeves 224 matched with the punching upper die guide posts 215; through the cooperation of die-cut last mould location guide pillar 215 and die-cut lower mould guide pin bushing 224, can make die-cut last mould 21 and die-cut lower mould 22 location more accurate, the dislocation appears when preventing to close the membrane. The punching lower die positioning plate 222 is arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat 221; the punching lower die positioning plate 222 is provided with a plurality of punching lower die positioning holes 227 corresponding to the punching upper die positioning posts 214; through the cooperation of the die-cutting upper die positioning column 214 and the die-cutting lower die positioning hole 227, the positioning between the die-cutting lower die positioning plate 222 and the die-cutting upper die positioning plate 212 can be more accurate, so that the die-cutting positioning accuracy is further improved. A punching through hole 225 corresponding to the punching knife 213 is arranged on the punching lower die positioning plate 222; the punching through hole 225 penetrates through the punching lower die positioning plate 222 and the punching lower die connecting seat 221; the guide rail support material roll is conveniently cut off when the punching cutter 213 punches downwards, and cut-off guide rail support waste materials can fall downwards onto the waste material recovery device 8, so that the guide rail support waste materials are conveniently recovered. A plurality of lower die positioning blocks 226 for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the lower die positioning plate 222; and the die-cut upper die positioning plate 212 is provided with a plurality of die-cut upper die positioning holes 217 matched with the die-cut lower die positioning blocks 226 in shape, and the outer ring of the guide rail bracket can be limited by matching the die-cut lower die positioning blocks 226 with the die-cut upper die positioning holes 217, so that the guide rail bracket can be prevented from moving during die cutting, and the precision in the die-cut process can be further improved. The automatic punching efficiency and punching stability are further improved through the punching device 2.
When the upper die 21 and the lower die 22 work, the conveyed guide rail support material roll is limited at the inner side of the positioning blocks 226 of the lower die, and is prevented from moving, the punching part of the first punching machine drives the upper die 21 to punch downwards, so that the positioning guide pillar 215 of the upper die is fallen into the guide sleeve 224 of the lower die, the punching knife 213 is aligned with the punching through hole 225 to punch downwards, the guide rail support material roll is cut off accurately, a single guide rail support is formed, and after punching is completed, the single guide rail support is sucked and transferred to the concave punching device 3 through the transfer manipulator 10 between the punching device 2 and the concave punching device 3.
As shown in fig. 5, the dent stamping device 3 includes a second pressing machine, a dent stamping upper die 31, and a dent stamping lower die 32; the depressed stamping upper die 31 includes a depressed stamping upper die connecting seat 311 and a depressed stamping upper die positioning plate 312; the depressed stamping upper die attachment base 311 is provided on the stamping portion of the second stamping machine; the concave stamping upper die connecting seat 311 is driven by the stamping part of the second stamping machine to stamp downwards. The upper die connecting seat 311 is provided with two upper die guiding columns 313, which are respectively located at the left and right sides of the upper die connecting seat 311. Four concave stamping upper die limiting rods 314 are arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat 311; the four upper die limit rods 314 are respectively located at four corners of the upper die connecting seat 311. Through mould gag lever post 314 in sunken punching press can prevent that mould connecting seat 311 from pushing down excessively in the sunken punching press to the sunken punching press lower mould 32 of better protection, and can be accurate with a sunken of last punching press of rail brackets. A concave stamping head 315 is arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat 311; the concave stamping head 315 is located in the middle of the concave stamping upper die connecting seat 311 and is arranged in the front-back direction. The upper concave stamping positioning plate 312 is arranged on the upper concave stamping connecting seat 311, and the bottom of the concave stamping head 315 penetrates through the upper concave stamping positioning plate 312; the rail bracket is conveniently stamped down a recessed slot by a recessed stamping head 315.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the depressed punch lower die 32 includes a depressed punch lower die connecting seat 321 and a depressed punch lower die positioning plate 322; the depressed stamping lower die connecting base 321 is disposed at the lower portion of the second stamping machine and below the depressed stamping upper die connecting base 311; the concave stamping lower die connecting seat 321 is provided with two concave stamping guide sleeves 323 matched with the concave stamping guide posts 313 in shape; through sunken punching press guide pillar 313 and sunken punching press guide pin bushing 323 cooperate, can make sunken punching press go up mould 31 and sunken punching press lower mould 32 location more accurate, the dislocation appears when preventing to close the membrane. The concave stamping lower die connecting seat 321 is provided with four concave stamping lower die limiting rods 324 matched with the concave stamping upper die limiting rods 314 in shape; through the cooperation of the upper die limiting rod 314 and the lower die limiting rod 324, the upper die 31 and the lower die 32 can be prevented from being pressed excessively in the concave stamping process, and the upper die 31 and the lower die 32 can be better protected from being pressed excessively in the concave stamping process. The depressed stamping lower die positioning plate 322 is disposed on the depressed stamping lower die connecting seat 321; the depressed stamping lower die positioning plate 322 is provided with a plurality of depressed stamping lower die limiting blocks 325 for limiting the guide rail bracket; a plurality of sunken punching press lower mould stopper 325 are arranged along rail brackets's outer lane, are convenient for carry on spacing fixedly with rail brackets, prevent that rail brackets from removing, promote the stability of sunken punching press in-process. Sunken punching press lower mould locating plate 322 is last be provided with sunken punching press head 315 shape assorted sunken indent 326, through sunken punching press head 315 punching press downwards to carry out sunken degree of depth location through sunken indent 326, can be accurate with the sunken indent of rail brackets punching press out a sunken groove. The automatic recess punching efficiency and punching stability are further improved by the recess punching device 3.
When the upper die 31 and the lower die 32 work in the sunken stamping process, the guide rail bracket conveyed is limited at the inner sides of the lower die limiting blocks 325 in the sunken stamping process, and the downward stamping of the upper die 31 in the sunken stamping process is driven by the stamping part of the second stamping machine, so that the sunken stamping guide post 313 falls into the sunken stamping guide sleeve 323 for accurate positioning, the sunken stamping head 315 is aligned with the sunken pressing groove 326 for downward stamping, one sunken groove in the middle of the guide rail bracket is stamped out, the upper die limiting rod 314 and the lower die limiting rod 324 in the sunken stamping process are matched for limiting, excessive stamping is prevented, and after the sunken stamping process, a single guide rail bracket is sucked and transferred to the flanging devices 4 on two sides by the transfer manipulator 10 between the sunken stamping device 3 and the flanging devices 4 on two sides.
As shown in fig. 7, the two-side flanging device 4 includes a third punch, a flanging upper die 41 and a flanging lower die 42; the flanging upper die 41 comprises a flanging upper die connecting seat 411 and a flanging upper die positioning plate 412; the flanging upper die connecting seat 411 is arranged on a punching part of the third punching machine; the punching part of the third punching machine drives the flanging upper die connecting seat 411 to punch downwards. The left side and the right side of the flanging upper die connecting seat 411 are respectively provided with a flanging upper die guide post 413; four flanging upper die limiting rods 414 are arranged on the flanging upper die connecting seat 411; four flanging upper die limiting rods 414 are respectively arranged at four corners of the bottom of the flanging upper die connecting seat 411. The flanging upper die positioning plate 412 is arranged in the middle of the bottom surface of the flanging upper die connecting seat 411; the flanging upper die positioning plate 412 is provided with a flanging concave groove 415, the flanging concave groove 415 is positioned in the middle of the flanging upper die positioning plate 412, the flanging concave groove 415 is arranged in the front-back direction, and the flanging concave groove 415 is matched with the shape of the concave stamping of the previous process, so that the concave groove in the middle of the guide rail support is prevented from being stamped.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the flanging lower die 42 includes a flanging lower die supporting seat 421, a flanging lower die connecting plate 422 and a flanging lower die positioning plate 423; the flanging lower die supporting seat 421 is arranged at the lower part of the third punching machine and is positioned below the flanging upper die connecting seat 411; the flanging lower die supporting seat 421 is provided with two flanging lower die guide sleeves 424 which are matched with the flanging upper die guide post 414 in shape; through the matching of the flanging upper die guide post 414 and the flanging lower die guide sleeve 424, the flanging upper die 41 and the flanging lower die 42 can be positioned more accurately, and dislocation is prevented when the films are combined. Four flanging lower die limiting rods 425 corresponding to the flanging upper die limiting rods 414 are arranged on the flanging lower die supporting seat 421; through the matching of the flanging lower die limiting rod 425 and the flanging upper die limiting rod 414, the flanging upper die 41 and the flanging lower die 42 can be prevented from being excessively pressed, and the flanging upper die 41 and the flanging lower die 42 can be better protected. The flanging lower die connecting plate 422 is arranged at the top of the flanging lower die supporting seat 421, and a plurality of flanging lower die connecting plate limiting blocks 4221 for limiting the flanging lower die positioning plate 423 are arranged on the flanging lower die connecting plate 422; the flanging lower die positioning plate 423 is convenient to limit and fix through the flanging lower die connecting plate limiting block 4221, the connection strength of the flanging lower die positioning plate 423 is further improved, and the stability during film combination in the punching process is improved. The flanging lower die positioning plate 423 is arranged on the flanging lower die connecting plate 422 and is located on the inner side of the limiting blocks 4221 of the flanging lower die connecting plates, so that the flanging lower die positioning plate 423 is prevented from moving. The top surface of the flanging lower die positioning plate 423 is provided with a U-shaped flanging lower die pressing groove 426; the center line of the flanging lower die pressing groove 426 is aligned with the center line of the flanging upper die positioning plate 412, the width of the flanging lower die pressing groove 426 is larger than that of the flanging upper die positioning plate 42, so that the flanging upper die positioning plate 42 falls into the flanging lower die pressing groove 426 in the pressing-down process, and a flanging gap is just left between two sides of the flanging upper die positioning plate 42 and the flanging lower die pressing groove 426. The left and right sides of turn-ups lower mould locating plate 423 are provided with a plurality of turn-ups lower mould location stopper 427 that are used for the spacing guide rail support left and right sides respectively, and the better is spacing the guide rail support left and right sides through turn-ups lower mould location stopper 427. A plurality of flanging lower die groove limiting blocks 428 for limiting the front side and the rear side of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the flanging lower die groove 426; the front and rear sides of the guide rail bracket are better limited by the flanging lower die groove limiting blocks 428. A flanging upper die positioning plate limiting hole 416 corresponding to the flanging lower die groove limiting block 428 is formed in the flanging upper die positioning plate 412; the flanging lower die pressing groove 426 is also provided with a plurality of flanging lower die pressing groove positioning columns 429 which are used for positioning the flanging upper die positioning plate 412; the flanging upper die positioning plate 412 is provided with a flanging upper die positioning hole 417 corresponding to the flanging lower die pressure groove positioning column 429, and the positioning accuracy is further improved by matching the flanging lower die pressure groove positioning column 429 with the flanging upper die positioning hole 417. The automatic flanging efficiency and the punching stability are further improved through the flanging devices 4 on the two sides.
When the flanging upper die 41 and the flanging lower die 42 work, the conveyed guide rail bracket is limited at the inner sides of the flanging lower die pressing groove limiting blocks 428 and the flanging lower die positioning limiting blocks 427, so that the guide rail bracket is prevented from moving, and the concave groove of the guide rail bracket is placed downwards, namely the middle part of the guide rail bracket is upwards protruded. The punching part of the third punching machine drives the flanging upper die 41 to punch downwards, so that the flanging upper die guide post 414 falls into the flanging lower die guide sleeve 424 to be accurately positioned, the flanging concave groove 415 on the flanging upper die positioning plate 412 punches the guide rail bracket downwards, the concave groove of the guide rail bracket is aligned with the flanging concave groove 415 on the flanging upper die positioning plate 412, and the flanging upper die positioning plate 412 is smaller than the flanging lower die pressing groove 426, so that the guide rail bracket is integrally pressed downwards, therefore, the two sides of the guide rail bracket are upturned, and are matched with the flanging upper die positioning hole 417 for limiting through the flanging lower die pressing groove positioning column 429, excessive punching is prevented, and after the flanging on the two sides are punched, the single guide rail bracket is sucked and transferred to the punching device 5 through the transfer mechanical arm 10 between the flanging device 4 and the punching device 5.
As shown in fig. 9, the punching apparatus 5 includes a fourth punching machine, a punching upper die 51, and a punching lower die 52; the punching upper die 51 comprises a punching upper die connecting seat 511 and a punching upper die positioning plate 512; the punching upper die connecting seat 511 is provided on the punching portion of the fourth punching machine; the punching upper die connecting seat 511 is driven by the punching part of the fourth punching machine to punch downwards. The punching upper die connecting seat 511 is provided with a plurality of punching rods 513, and the positions and the shapes of the punching rods 513 are the same as those of the through holes on the finished guide rail bracket. The outer ring of the punching upper die connecting seat 511 is provided with a plurality of punching upper die positioning columns 514; the upper punching die positioning plate 512 is movably connected to the plurality of upper punching die positioning columns 514; in the process of downward stamping of the upper punching die positioning plate 512, the upper punching die positioning plate 512 can be abutted against the lower punching die 52, and then the punching rod 513 continues to move downward, so that the punching rod 513 can fully punch the guide rail bracket. The bottom of the upper punching die positioning plate 512 is provided with two punching top blocks 515; a gap matched with the concave groove of the guide rail bracket is formed between the two punching top blocks 515, and the lower end of each punching rod 513 penetrates through the punching top blocks 515; a plurality of upper punching die guide posts 516 are arranged on the upper punching die connecting seat 511; the punching upper die connecting seat 511 is also provided with a plurality of punching upper die limiting rods 517.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the punching lower die 52 includes a punching lower die coupling base 521 and a punching lower die positioning plate 522; the lower punching die connecting seat 521 is arranged at the lower part of the fourth punching machine and is positioned below the upper punching die connecting seat 511; a plurality of lower punching die guide sleeves 523 matched with the upper punching die guide pillars 516 are arranged on the lower punching die connecting seat 521; the upper punching die 51 and the lower punching die 52 can be positioned more accurately through the upper punching die guide pillar 516 and the lower punching die guide sleeve 523, and dislocation is prevented from occurring during film closing. A plurality of lower punching die limiting rods 524 corresponding to the upper punching die limiting rods 517 are arranged on the lower punching die connecting seat 521; through the cooperation of the upper die limiting rod 517 that punches a hole and the lower die limiting rod 524 that punches a hole, the upper die 51 that can prevent to punch a hole and the lower die 52 pressfitting of punching a hole are excessive, and the upper die 51 that punches a hole and the lower die 52 that punches a hole of protection that can be better are punched a hole. The lower punching die positioning plate 522 is arranged on the lower punching die connecting seat 521; a plurality of lower punching die positioning holes 525 corresponding to the upper punching die positioning posts 514 are formed in the lower punching die positioning plate 522; a punching through hole 526 corresponding to the punching rod 513 is formed in the punching lower die positioning plate 522; and the punching through hole 525 penetrates the punching lower die positioning plate 522 and the punching lower die connecting seat 521; the guide rail bracket is conveniently punched when the punching rod 513 is punched downwards, and the punched guide rail bracket waste can be made to fall downwards onto the waste recovery device 8, so that the guide rail bracket waste is conveniently recovered. A plurality of lower punching die positioning blocks 527 used for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the lower punching die positioning plate 525. A plurality of lower mould locating blocks 527 that punch a hole are spacing in rail brackets's outer lane, are convenient for place rail brackets after placing it and remove. The automatic flanging efficiency and the punching stability are further improved through the punching device 5.
When the upper punching die 51 and the lower punching die 52 work, the transferred guide rail support is limited at the inner sides of the lower punching die positioning blocks 527, and is prevented from moving, the upper punching die 51 is driven to punch downwards by the punching part of the fourth punching machine, the upper punching die guide post 516 falls into the lower punching die guide sleeve 523, each punching rod 513 is aligned with the punching through hole 526 to punch downwards, the guide rail support is accurately punched, and after punching is completed, the guide rail support is sucked and transferred to the bending device 6 through the transfer manipulator 10 between the punching device 5 and the bending device 6.
As shown in fig. 11, bending device 6 includes a fifth pressing machine, a bending upper die 61, and a bending lower die 62; the bending upper die 61 comprises a bending upper die connecting seat 611 and a bending stamping block 612; the bending upper die connecting seat 611 is arranged on a punching part of the fifth punching machine; the bending upper die connecting seat 611 is driven to punch downwards by a punching part of a fifth punching machine, a bending punching block 612 is arranged at the bottom of the bending upper die connecting seat 611, the bottom of the bending punching block 612 is in a V shape with an upward opening, so that V-shaped folding is convenient to realize, and a bending concave groove 613 matched with a concave on the guide rail support is arranged on the bending punching block 612; the bending recess 613 is matched to the recess of the rail bracket. The both sides of bending depressed groove 613 all are provided with the recess chamfer, can further prevent to crush the depressed groove on the rail brackets through the recess chamfer to can guarantee the smoothness nature of the depressed groove on the rail brackets, further guarantee the fashioned quality of rail brackets bending. The bending upper die connecting base 611 is provided with a plurality of bending upper die guide posts 614.
As shown in fig. 10 and 11, the bending lower die 62 includes a bending lower die connecting seat 621 and a bending lower die positioning plate 622; the bending lower die connecting base 621 is arranged at the lower part of the fifth punching machine and is positioned below the bending upper die connecting base 611; a plurality of bending lower die guide sleeves 623 matched with the bending upper die guide posts 614 are arranged on the bending lower die connecting seat 621; by matching the upper bending die guide post 614 with the lower bending die guide sleeve 623, the upper bending die 61 and the lower bending die 62 can be positioned more accurately, and dislocation during film combination is prevented. The bending lower die positioning plate 622 is disposed on the bending lower die connecting seat 621; the bending lower die positioning plate 622 is provided with a plurality of bending lower die positioning blocks 624 for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket, and the bending lower die positioning blocks 624 are arranged on the outer side of the flat guide rail bracket, so that the guide rail bracket is convenient to limit. A bending pressure groove 625 is formed in the bending lower die positioning plate 622; the bending press grooves 625 are located inside the bending lower die positioning blocks 624; the bending pressing groove 625 is of a V shape with an upward opening and is matched with the bending stamping block 612, the depth of the bending pressing groove 625 is smaller than the height of the bending stamping block 612, the bending upper die 61 can be prevented from colliding with the bending lower die 62, and the guide rail support can be conveniently and better bent in a stamping mode. The bottom surface of the bending groove 625 is provided with a convex block 626 matched with the shape of the bending concave groove 613, the width of the left side and the right side of the bending concave groove 613 is larger than the width of the left side and the right side of the bending convex block 626, so that a punched gap can be reserved for the guide rail bracket in the pressing process, the concave groove of the guide rail bracket can be prevented from being crushed, the complete shape of the concave groove of the guide rail bracket can be further ensured, and the qualified standard of a composite product is achieved. The both sides of the lug 626 of bending all are provided with the lug chamfer, can further protect rail brackets's depressed groove through the lug chamfer, prevent rail brackets 5's depressed groove crushing to further guarantee the integrality of product and the precision of bending. Automatic bending efficiency and punching stability are further improved through the bending device 6.
When the upper bending die 61 and the lower bending die 62 work, the transferred guide rail support is limited at the inner sides of the plurality of lower bending die positioning blocks 624 to be prevented from moving, the upper bending die 61 is driven by the stamping part of the fifth stamping machine to stamp downwards, the upper bending die guide post 614 falls into the lower bending die guide sleeve 623, the bending stamping block 612 is aligned with the bending pressure groove 625 to stamp downwards, the guide rail support is stamped and bent into the shape identical to the bending pressure groove 625, and after the bending is finished, the guide rail support is sucked and transferred to the shaping device 7 through the transfer manipulator 10 between the bending device 6 and the shaping device 7.
The shaping device 7 has the same structure as the bending device 6, so that the bent guide rail connecting piece is further shaped, and the specified standard of the bent shape composite product of the guide rail connecting piece is ensured. After the shaping is finished, the guide rail bracket is sucked by the transfer manipulator 10 to transfer blanking. Automatic shaping efficiency and punching stability are further improved through the shaping device 7.
As shown in fig. 12 and 13, a transfer connecting plate 101 is fixedly connected to the moving end of each transfer manipulator 10, and a plurality of transfer suction heads 102 matched with the shape of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the transfer connecting plate 101; as shown in fig. 12, the transfer robot 10 of this configuration is used before bending, the transfer link plate 101 is shown as a horizontal plate, and the transfer tips 102 are shown as 6 in number and arranged in two rows. As shown in fig. 13, the transfer robot 10 of this configuration is used after bending, and the end of the transfer link plate 101 is shown to be horizontal, two transfer tips 102 are provided at the end of the transfer link plate 101, and a transfer support plate 103 perpendicular to the transfer link plate 101 and having an L-shape is provided on the transfer link plate 101; the transfer support plate 103 is provided with two transfer suction heads 102, and the transfer suction heads 102 on the transfer support plate 103 are perpendicular to the transfer suction heads 102 on the transfer connecting plate 101, and are respectively used for sucking two inner side surfaces of the bent guide rail bracket.
As shown in fig. 14, the scrap collecting apparatus 8 includes two conveyor belts, a collecting conveyor belt 84, and a collecting basket 85; the two conveyor belts are respectively a first conveyor belt 81 and a second conveyor belt 82; the first conveyor belt 81 is positioned below the punching device 2, and the second conveyor belt 82 is positioned below the punching device 5; the discharge end of the first conveyor belt 81 and the discharge end of the second conveyor belt 82 are respectively engaged with the summarizing conveyor belt 84; a recovery basket 85 is engaged beneath the discharge end of the summing conveyor 84.
As shown in fig. 15, the method for automatically manufacturing a guide rail bracket for an elevator, which applies the above-mentioned apparatus for automatically manufacturing a guide rail bracket for an elevator, includes the following steps:
s1, feeding by a guide rail bracket: placing a guide rail bracket material roll to the reel conveying device 1; conveying the guide rail bracket material roll through a winding drum conveying driving mechanism 11, and flattening and conveying the rolled guide rail bracket material roll to the punching device 2 through a rolling mechanism 12;
s2, punching guide rail brackets: the upper die 21 and the lower die 22 on the punching device 2 are matched for punching, and the guide rail bracket material roll is cut off to form a single guide rail bracket; and the single guide rail bracket is transferred to the concave stamping device 3 through a transfer manipulator 10;
s3, concave stamping of the guide rail bracket: the upper concave stamping die 31 and the lower concave stamping die 32 on the concave stamping device 3 are matched for stamping; stamping the middle part of the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; transferring the guide rail bracket after the concave stamping is finished to the flanging devices 4 at the two sides through a transfer manipulator 10;
s4, flanging the guide rail bracket: the flanging upper die 41 and the flanging lower die 42 on the flanging devices 4 at two sides are matched for punching; the left end and the right end of the guide rail bracket are turned upwards; transferring the flanged guide rail bracket to a punching device 5 through a transfer manipulator 10;
s5, punching of the guide rail bracket: the punching is carried out by matching the upper punching die 51 and the lower punching die 52 on the punching device 5; punching a plurality of through holes on the guide rail bracket; transferring the guide rail bracket after the punching is finished to a bending device 6 through a transferring mechanical arm 10;
s6, bending the guide rail bracket: the bending upper die 61 and the bending lower die 62 on the bending device 6 are matched for punching; bending the guide rail bracket into a V shape; transferring the bent guide rail bracket to a shaping device 7 through a transfer manipulator 10;
s7, shaping of the guide rail bracket: the upper shaping die 71 and the lower shaping die 72 on the shaping device 7 are matched for stamping; accurately shaping the guide rail bracket into a V shape meeting the standard finally; and the shaped guide rail bracket is transferred and discharged into a containing basket through a transfer manipulator 10.
In conclusion, the automatic manufacturing equipment for the guide rail bracket for the elevator has the advantages that the full-automatic processing of the guide rail bracket is realized, the manual work intensity and the labor cost are reduced, and the forming efficiency of the guide rail bracket is further improved.
Although the present disclosure has been described above, the scope of the present disclosure is not limited thereto. Those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure, and such changes and modifications will fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic manufacturing device of a guide rail bracket for an elevator is characterized by comprising a winding drum conveying device (1), a punching device (2), a concave punching device (3), two-side flanging devices (4), a punching device (5), a bending device (6) and a shaping device (7) which are arranged in sequence from feeding to discharging; the reel conveying device (1) is positioned at the feeding end side of the punching device (2); the winding drum conveying device (1) is used for driving the guide rail bracket material roll to be conveyed to the punching device (2); the punching device (2) is used for cutting the guide rail bracket material roll to form a single guide rail bracket; the concave stamping device (3) is used for stamping the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; the two-side flanging devices (4) are used for bending and turning up two sides of the guide rail bracket; the punching device (5) is used for punching the guide rail bracket; the bending device (6) is used for bending the guide rail bracket; the shaping device (7) is used for finally shaping the bent guide rail bracket; the guide rail bracket is transferred between any two adjacent working procedures through a transfer manipulator (10).
2. The automatic manufacturing equipment of guide rail brackets for elevators according to claim 1, wherein the punching device (2) comprises a first punching machine, a punching upper die (21) and a punching lower die (22); the punching upper die (21) comprises a punching upper die connecting seat (211) and a punching upper die positioning plate (212); the punching upper die connecting seat (211) is arranged on a punching part of the first punching machine; a punching knife (213) is arranged on the punching upper die connecting seat (211); the outer ring of the punching upper die connecting seat (211) is provided with a plurality of punching upper die positioning columns (214); the punching upper die positioning plate (212) is movably connected to the punching upper die positioning columns (214); the lower end of the punching knife (213) penetrates through the upper punching positioning plate (212);
the punching lower die (22) comprises a punching lower die connecting seat (221) and a punching lower die positioning plate (222); the punching lower die connecting seat (221) is arranged at the lower part of the first punching machine and is positioned below the punching upper die connecting seat (211); the feeding end of the lower punching die connecting seat (221) is also provided with a U-shaped lower punching die connecting frame (220); the punching lower die positioning plate (222) is arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat (221); a plurality of punching lower die positioning holes (227) corresponding to the punching upper die positioning columns (214) are formed in the punching lower die positioning plate (222); a punching through hole (225) corresponding to the punching knife (213) is arranged on the punching lower die positioning plate (222); the punching through hole (225) penetrates through the punching lower die positioning plate (222) and the punching lower die connecting seat (221); a plurality of lower die cutting positioning blocks (226) used for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the lower die cutting positioning plate (222); and a plurality of punching upper die positioning holes (217) matched with the punching lower die positioning blocks (226) in shape are arranged on the punching upper die positioning plate (212).
3. The automatic manufacturing equipment of a guide rail bracket for an elevator according to claim 1, wherein the dent stamping device (3) comprises a second stamping machine, a dent stamping upper die (31) and a dent stamping lower die (32); the concave stamping upper die (31) comprises a concave stamping upper die connecting seat (311) and a concave stamping upper die positioning plate (312); the concave stamping upper die connecting seat (311) is arranged on a stamping part of the second stamping machine; a concave stamping head (315) is arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat (311); the concave stamping upper die positioning plate (312) is arranged on the concave stamping upper die connecting seat (311), and the bottom of the concave stamping head (315) penetrates through the concave stamping upper die positioning plate (312);
the sunken stamping lower die (32) comprises a sunken stamping lower die connecting seat (321) and a sunken stamping lower die positioning plate (322); the concave stamping lower die connecting seat (321) is arranged at the lower part of the second stamping machine and is positioned below the concave stamping upper die connecting seat (311); the concave stamping lower die positioning plate (322) is arranged on the concave stamping lower die connecting seat (321); a plurality of sunken stamping lower die limiting blocks (325) for limiting the guide rail bracket are arranged on the sunken stamping lower die positioning plate (322); the lower die positioning plate (322) is provided with a concave indent (326) matched with the shape of the concave stamping head (315).
4. The automatic manufacturing equipment of the guide rail bracket for the elevator according to claim 1, wherein the two-side flanging device (4) comprises a third punching machine, a flanging upper die (41) and a flanging lower die (42); the flanging upper die (41) comprises a flanging upper die connecting seat (411) and a flanging upper die positioning plate (412); the flanging upper die connecting seat (411) is arranged on a punching part of the third punching machine; the flanging upper die positioning plate (412) is arranged at the bottom of the flanging upper die connecting seat (411); a flanging concave groove (415) is formed in the flanging upper die positioning plate (412);
the flanging lower die (42) comprises a flanging lower die supporting seat (421), a flanging lower die connecting plate (422) and a flanging lower die positioning plate (423); the flanging lower die supporting seat (421) is arranged at the lower part of the third punching machine and is positioned below the flanging upper die connecting seat (411); the flanging lower die connecting plate (422) is arranged at the top of the flanging lower die supporting seat (421), and a plurality of flanging lower die connecting plate limiting blocks (4221) for limiting the flanging lower die positioning plate (423) are arranged on the flanging lower die connecting plate (422); the flanging lower die positioning plate (423) is arranged on the flanging lower die connecting plate (422) and is positioned on the inner sides of the plurality of flanging lower die connecting plate limiting blocks (4221); the top surface of the flanging lower die positioning plate (423) is provided with a flanging lower die pressing groove (426); the width of the flanging lower die pressing groove (426) is larger than that of the flanging upper die positioning plate (42); the left side and the right side of the flanging lower die positioning plate (423) are respectively provided with a plurality of flanging lower die positioning limiting blocks (427) for limiting the left side and the right side of the guide rail bracket; a plurality of flanging lower die pressing groove limiting blocks (428) used for limiting the front side and the rear side of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the flanging lower die pressing groove (426); a flanging upper die positioning plate limiting hole (416) corresponding to the flanging lower die groove pressing limiting block (428) is formed in the flanging upper die positioning plate (412); the flanging lower die pressing groove (426) is also provided with a plurality of flanging lower die pressing groove positioning columns (429) for positioning with the flanging upper die positioning plate (412); and the flanging upper die positioning plate (412) is provided with a flanging upper die positioning hole (417) corresponding to the flanging lower die pressure groove positioning column (429).
5. The automatic manufacturing equipment of a guide rail bracket for an elevator according to claim 1, wherein the punching device (5) comprises a fourth punching machine, a punching upper die (51) and a punching lower die (52); the punching upper die (51) comprises a punching upper die connecting seat (511) and a punching upper die positioning plate (512); the punching upper die connecting seat (511) is arranged on a punching part of the fourth punching machine; the punching upper die connecting seat (511) is at least provided with a punching rod (513); the outer ring of the punching upper die connecting seat (511) is provided with a plurality of punching upper die positioning columns (514); the punching upper die positioning plate (512) is movably connected to the punching upper die positioning columns (514); the bottom of the upper punching die positioning plate (512) is provided with two punching top blocks (515), and a gap is arranged between the two punching top blocks (515); the lower end of the punching rod (513) penetrates through the punching top block (515);
the punching lower die (52) comprises a punching lower die connecting seat (521) and a punching lower die positioning plate (522); the punching lower die connecting seat (521) is arranged at the lower part of the fourth punching machine and is positioned below the punching upper die connecting seat (511); the punching lower die positioning plate (522) is arranged on the punching lower die connecting seat (521); a plurality of punching lower die positioning holes (525) corresponding to the punching upper die positioning columns (514) are formed in the punching lower die positioning plate (522); a punching through hole (526) corresponding to the punching rod (513) is formed in the punching lower die positioning plate (522); the punching through hole (525) penetrates through the punching lower die positioning plate (522) and the punching lower die connecting seat (521); a plurality of lower punching die positioning blocks (527) used for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the lower punching die positioning plate (525).
6. The automatic manufacturing equipment of a guide rail bracket for an elevator according to claim 1, wherein the bending device (6) comprises a fifth punching machine, a bending upper die (61) and a bending lower die (62); the bending upper die (61) comprises a bending upper die connecting seat (611) and a bending stamping block (612); the bending upper die connecting seat (611) is arranged on a stamping part of the fifth stamping machine; the bending stamping block (612) is arranged at the bottom of the bending upper die connecting seat (611), the bottom of the bending stamping block (612) is V-shaped, and a bending concave groove (613) which is used for matching with a concave part on the guide rail support is arranged on the bending stamping block (612);
the bending lower die (62) comprises a bending lower die connecting seat (621) and a bending lower die positioning plate (622); the bending lower die connecting seat (621) is arranged at the lower part of the fifth punching machine and is positioned below the bending upper die connecting seat (611); the bending lower die positioning plate (622) is arranged on the bending lower die connecting seat (621); a plurality of bending lower die positioning blocks (624) for limiting the outer ring of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the bending lower die positioning plate (622); a bending pressure groove (625) is formed in the bending lower die positioning plate (622); the bending pressure grooves (625) are positioned on the inner sides of the bending lower die positioning blocks (624); the depth of the bending pressing groove (625) is smaller than the height of the bending punching block (612); the bottom surface of the bending pressing groove (625) is provided with a convex block (626) matched with the shape of the bending concave groove (613).
7. An automatic manufacturing equipment of guide rail bracket for elevator according to claim 6 is characterized in that the shaping device (7) and the bending device (6) are the same structure.
8. The automatic manufacturing equipment of the guide rail bracket for the elevator is characterized in that a transfer connecting plate (101) is fixedly connected to the moving end of each transfer mechanical arm (10), and a plurality of transfer suction heads (102) matched with the shape of the guide rail bracket are arranged on the transfer connecting plate (101); the reel conveying device (1) comprises a reel conveying driving mechanism (11) and a roll flattening mechanism (12); the discharge end of the reel conveying driving mechanism (71) is connected with the feed end of the roll flattening mechanism (12); the reel conveying driving mechanism (11) is used for conveying the guide rail bracket material roll to the roller flattening mechanism (12); the roll flattening mechanism (12) is used for rolling the rolled guide rail bracket into a horizontal shape and conveying the guide rail bracket to the punching device (2); also comprises a waste recovery device (8); the scrap recycling device (8) is used for recycling the stamped scrap.
9. An automatic manufacturing equipment of guide rail bracket for elevator according to claim 8 is characterized in that the scrap collecting device (8) comprises several conveyor belts, a collecting conveyor belt (84) and a collecting basket (85); the conveyer belt is positioned below each device; the discharge ends of the conveying belts are respectively connected with the gathering conveying belt (84); the recycling basket (85) is connected below the discharge end of the collecting conveyor belt (84).
10. An automatic manufacturing method of a guide rail bracket for an elevator, characterized in that the automatic manufacturing equipment of the guide rail bracket for the elevator of any one of claims 1-9 is applied, and comprises the following steps:
s1, feeding by a guide rail bracket: placing a guide rail bracket material roll to a reel conveying device (1); the guide rail support material roll is conveyed through a winding drum conveying driving mechanism (11), and the rolled guide rail support material roll is flattened and conveyed to a punching device (2) through a flattening mechanism (12);
s2, punching guide rail brackets: punching is carried out by matching a punching upper die (21) and a punching lower die (22) on a punching device (2), and a guide rail bracket material roll is cut off to form a single guide rail bracket; and transferring the single guide rail bracket to a concave stamping device (3) through a transfer manipulator (10);
s3, concave stamping of the guide rail bracket: the upper concave stamping die (31) and the lower concave stamping die (32) on the concave stamping device (3) are matched for stamping; stamping the middle part of the guide rail bracket to form a concave part; transferring the guide rail bracket after the concave stamping is finished to the flanging devices (4) at the two sides through a transfer manipulator (10);
s4, flanging the guide rail bracket: stamping by matching the flanging upper die (41) and the flanging lower die (42) on the flanging devices (4) at two sides; the left end and the right end of the guide rail bracket are turned upwards; transferring the guide rail bracket after flanging to a punching device (5) through a transfer manipulator (10);
s5, punching of the guide rail bracket: the punching is carried out by matching a punching upper die (51) and a punching lower die (52) on the punching device (5); punching a plurality of through holes on the guide rail bracket; transferring the guide rail bracket after punching to a bending device (6) through a transfer manipulator (10);
s6, bending the guide rail bracket: punching by matching a bending upper die (61) and a bending lower die (62) on a bending device (6); bending the guide rail bracket into a V shape; transferring the bent guide rail bracket to a shaping device (7) through a transfer manipulator (10);
s7, shaping of the guide rail bracket: the upper shaping die (71) on the shaping device (7) is matched with the lower shaping die (72) for punching; accurately shaping the guide rail bracket into a V shape meeting the standard finally; and the shaped guide rail bracket is transferred and discharged into a containing basket through a transfer manipulator (10).
CN202111666249.2A 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Automatic manufacturing equipment and method for guide rail bracket for elevator Pending CN114346071A (en)

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