CN113996097A - High-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation - Google Patents

High-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113996097A
CN113996097A CN202111344855.2A CN202111344855A CN113996097A CN 113996097 A CN113996097 A CN 113996097A CN 202111344855 A CN202111344855 A CN 202111344855A CN 113996097 A CN113996097 A CN 113996097A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
dam body
belt
sliding
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202111344855.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈红专
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Liwei Hydropower Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd
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Hunan Liwei Hydropower Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd
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Application filed by Hunan Liwei Hydropower Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd filed Critical Hunan Liwei Hydropower Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority to CN202111344855.2A priority Critical patent/CN113996097A/en
Publication of CN113996097A publication Critical patent/CN113996097A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • B01D29/03Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements self-supporting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • F03B11/08Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator for removing foreign matter, e.g. mud
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of water conservancy power generation, in particular to a high-end water body sundry cleaning device for water conservancy power generation, which comprises a dam body, wherein a partition ditch with a circular arc-shaped cross section is formed in the dam body; the device is characterized by further comprising an energy capturing mechanism arranged on the dam body, the dam body is provided with a discharging mechanism used for cleaning sundries in the partition ditch, the energy capturing mechanism is in transmission connection with the discharging mechanism, the dam body is provided with an air blowing assembly used for blowing off the sundries bonded on the discharging mechanism, the discharging mechanism is provided with a rammer assembly used for shaking off the sundries bonded on the discharging mechanism, the energy capturing mechanism is in transmission connection with the air blowing assembly, and the discharging mechanism is in transmission connection with the rammer assembly. This kind of high-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation realizes avoiding blockking up water pipe to the clearance of debris in the water, plays the guard action to the impeller moreover, ensures hydroelectric equipment's generating efficiency.

Description

High-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hydropower, in particular to a high-level end water body sundry cleaning device for hydropower.
Background
The basic principle of hydroelectric power generation is that the water level difference is utilized to be matched with a hydraulic generator to generate electric power, namely, the potential energy of water is converted into the mechanical energy of a water wheel, and then the mechanical energy is used for driving the generator to obtain the electric power.
Because high-order water can wrap up and hold the aquatic stone in the middle of the downward flow, the light debris that the surface of water floated etc. and get into water pipe together, can cause the impact damage to the impeller, reduce life to block up the water circulation pipeline easily, influence hydroelectric power's efficiency, in view of this, we provide a high-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a high-level end water body sundry cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology. In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a high-end water body sundry cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation comprises a dam body, wherein a partition ditch with an arc-shaped cross section is formed in the dam body, the partition ditch is positioned at the lower side of an inlet end of a water guide pipeline, a blocking slope used for blocking underwater sundries is built on the dam body, and the blocking slope is positioned at one side of the partition ditch, which is back to the water guide pipeline;
a reinforcing slope is laid on one side of the dam body facing the high-pressure water body, a filter screen is fixed at the inlet end of the reinforcing slope corresponding to the water guide pipeline, a material guide plate is fixed at the upper end of the reinforcing slope, a collecting box is arranged on the dam body, and the collecting box is located on the upper side of the material guide plate;
still including setting up the mechanism of catching on the dam body, the dam body is provided with the row's of being used for to cutting off the inside debris clearance of ditch material mechanism, and catches and can construct and arrange the transmission of material mechanism and be connected, row's material mechanism sets up the import end department at water pipe, is provided with the subassembly of blowing that is used for blowing off the debris that bond on row's material mechanism on the dam body to row is provided with the ram subassembly that will be used for the debris that bond on row's material mechanism to shake down in row's material mechanism, catches can construct and is connected with the subassembly transmission of blowing, row's material mechanism is connected with ram subassembly transmission.
Preferably, the energy catching mechanism comprises a vertical frame fixed on the dam body, a ratchet wheel is arranged at the upper end of the vertical frame, an inner ring fixed shaft of the ratchet wheel is rotatably connected to the upper end of the vertical frame, an outer ring of the ratchet wheel is in transmission connection with the discharging mechanism and the air blowing assembly respectively, a telescopic rod is fixed to the outer ring of the ratchet wheel, one end, far away from the ratchet wheel, of the telescopic rod is hinged to a buoyancy tank, and the buoyancy tank floats on the water surface during working.
Preferably, the telescopic rod comprises a sliding cylinder fixed on the outer ring of the ratchet wheel, the sliding cylinder is inserted into and slidably connected with a swing rod, the swing rod is hinged to the buoyancy tank, a fixed shaft on the swing rod is rotatably connected with a sliding sleeve, the sliding sleeve is sleeved on and slidably connected to the upright post, and the upright post is fixed on the dam body.
Preferably, arrange the material mechanism and include the frame, the frame passes through the support to be fixed on the dam body, and the upper and lower both ends of frame are dead axle respectively and rotate and connect upper roll axle and lower roller, and upper roll axle and lower roller pass through the conveying mesh belt transmission and connect, the length trend of following conveying mesh belt on the conveying mesh belt is fixed with a plurality of scraper blades at equal intervals, lower roll axle and wall ditch sharing the central axis setting, and the scraper blade can strike off the debris on strengthening the slope surface and wall ditch inner wall, the ratchet is connected with upper roll axle transmission, and the upper roll axle can be connected with the rammer subassembly transmission.
Preferably, the inner ring of the ratchet wheel is coaxially and fixedly connected with a second gear, the vertical frame is rotatably connected with a first gear in a fixed shaft mode, the first gear is meshed with the second gear and is coaxially and fixedly connected with a third belt wheel, the upper roll shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with the second belt wheel, and the third belt wheel is in transmission connection with the second belt wheel through a belt.
Preferably, a groove frame is fixed on the vertical frame, a sliding block is connected to the groove frame in a sliding mode, a first belt wheel used for tensioning a belt is connected to the sliding block in a rotating mode through a dead axle, the first belt wheel, the second belt wheel and the third belt wheel are connected through the belt in a transmission mode, a screw rod is connected to the dead axle in the groove frame in a rotating mode, the screw rod penetrates through the sliding block, and the sliding block is in threaded connection with the screw rod.
Preferably, the rammer assembly comprises a sliding frame fixed on the rack, a sliding rod is fixedly and slidably connected to the sliding frame, a hammer head is fixed at one end of the sliding rod, which points to the lower side straight section of the conveying mesh belt, and can be in abutting contact with the inner wall of the conveying mesh belt, and a limiting block is fixed at one end of the sliding rod, which is far away from the hammer head.
Preferably, a convex rod is fixed on the sliding rod, the hammer head is connected with the sliding frame through a spring, a shifting block is fixed on the end face of the upper roll shaft, and the shifting block can be in abutting contact with the convex rod.
Preferably, the blowing assembly comprises a pump barrel fixed on the dam body, a piston plate is connected inside the pump barrel in a sliding mode, a rack is fixed on the piston plate, the rack penetrates through the upper end wall of the pump barrel and is connected to the upper end wall of the pump barrel in a sliding mode, and the rack is connected with the outer ring of the ratchet in a meshed mode.
Preferably, the lower end of the side wall of the pump barrel is fixed and communicated with a first one-way valve and a second one-way valve, the second one-way valve is communicated with an air nozzle through an air pipe, the conduction direction of the first one-way valve points to the inside of the pump barrel, the conduction direction of the second one-way valve points to the air nozzle, the air nozzle is fixed on the rack and located on the inner side of the conveying mesh belt, and the air injection direction of the air nozzle points to the lower straight section of the conveying mesh belt.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the energy capturing mechanism is used for converting the wave energy of the water body into mechanical energy and driving the discharging mechanism to discharge sundries in the water body, so that the sundries in the water body are cleaned, the sundries are prevented from entering the water guide pipeline and blocking the water guide pipeline, the impeller is protected, the service life of the impeller is prolonged, and the power generation efficiency of the hydroelectric power generation equipment is ensured.
In the invention, the rammer component is driven by the discharging mechanism to shake down the sundries adhered on the conveying mesh belt, and the blowing component is driven by the energy catching mechanism to blow off the sundries adhered on the conveying mesh belt, so that the passing performance of the conveying mesh belt is ensured, and the blockage of the conveying mesh belt is avoided.
According to the invention, the blocking slope is arranged to block sundries such as stones at the bottom of the water body, so that the resistance of the water body to pushing the stones is increased, the stones are prevented from moving to the water guide pipeline, the blocking groove is used for gathering the sundries such as the stones crossing the blocking slope and further blocking the sundries, the discharging mechanism is convenient to discharge, the reinforcing slope 4 is arranged to reduce the impact of the stones in the water body on a dam body, the filter screen is arranged at the inlet end of the water guide pipeline, so that the larger sundries are blocked, the water guide pipeline is prevented from being blocked, the impeller is protected, the service life of the impeller is prolonged, and the power generation efficiency of the hydroelectric generation equipment is ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the final assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a ratchet and gear transmission structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the slot frame structure of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a top view of the energy capture mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. separating the groove; 2. blocking a slope; 3. a filter screen; 4. reinforcing the slope; 5. a lower roll shaft; 6. a support; 7. a frame; 8. an upper roll shaft; 9. a conveyor belt; 10. a squeegee; 11. a material guide plate; 12. erecting a frame; 13. a collection box; 14. a ratchet wheel; 15. a swing rod; 16. a buoyancy tank; 17. a first gear; 18. a slot frame; 19. a first belt wheel; 20. a second belt wheel; 21. a third belt wheel; 22. a second gear; 23. a rack; 24. a pump barrel; 25. a piston plate; 26. a one-way valve I; 27. an air tube; 28. a second one-way valve; 29. a belt; 30. shifting blocks; 31. a carriage; 32. a limiting block; 33. a spring; 34. a slide bar; 35. an air nozzle; 36. a hammer head; 37. a nose bar; 38. a slider; 39. a screw; 40. a sliding sleeve; 41. a column; 42. and (4) a slide cylinder.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the present invention provides a technical solution: a high-order end water body sundry cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation comprises a dam body, wherein a partition ditch 1 with a circular arc-shaped cross section is formed in the dam body, the partition ditch 1 is positioned at the lower side of an inlet end of a water guide pipeline, a partition slope 2 used for blocking underwater sundries is built on the dam body, the partition slope 2 is positioned at one side, back to the water guide pipeline, of the partition ditch 1, the partition slope 2 blocks sundries such as stones at the bottom of the water body, the resistance of the water body to pushing the stones is increased, and therefore the stones are prevented from moving to the water guide pipeline, the partition ditch 1 is used for gathering sundries such as stones crossing the partition slope 2, further blocking the sundries, and facilitating the discharge of a discharge mechanism;
the dam body is paved with a reinforcing slope 4 towards one side of the high-pressure water body, a filter screen 3 is fixed at the position, corresponding to the inlet end of the water guide pipeline, of the reinforcing slope 4, a material guide plate 11 is fixed at the upper end of the reinforcing slope 4, a collecting box 13 is arranged on the dam body, the collecting box 13 is located on the upper side of the material guide plate 11, the reinforcing slope 4 plays a role in reducing impact of stones in the water body on the dam body, and the filter screen 3 is arranged at the position, corresponding to the inlet end of the water guide pipeline, so that large sundries are separated, the water guide pipeline is prevented from being blocked, the impeller is protected, the service life of the impeller is prolonged, and the power generation efficiency of the hydroelectric power generation equipment is ensured;
still including setting up the mechanism of catching on the dam body, the dam body is provided with the row's material mechanism that is used for separating the inside debris clearance of ditch 1, and catches and can construct the transmission with row material mechanism and be connected, row material mechanism sets up the import end department at water pipe, is provided with the subassembly of blowing that is used for blowing off the debris that bond on row material mechanism on the dam body to row material mechanism is last to be provided with the ram subassembly that will bond the debris on row material mechanism and shake down, catches can construct and blow the subassembly transmission and be connected, row material mechanism is connected with ram subassembly transmission.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the energy capturing mechanism includes an upright 12 fixed on the dam body, the upper end of the upright 12 is provided with a ratchet 14, an inner ring of the ratchet 14 is rotatably connected to the upper end of the upright 12, an outer ring of the ratchet 14 is respectively connected to the discharging mechanism and the blowing assembly in a transmission manner, an outer ring of the ratchet 14 is fixed with a telescopic rod, one end of the telescopic rod away from the ratchet 14 is hinged to a buoyancy tank 16, the buoyancy tank 16 floats on the water surface during operation, the telescopic rod includes a sliding cylinder 42 fixed on the outer ring of the ratchet 14, the sliding cylinder 42 is inserted and slidably connected to a swing rod 15, the swing rod 15 is hinged to the buoyancy tank 16, the fixed shaft on the swing rod 15 is rotatably connected to a sliding sleeve 40, the sliding sleeve 40 is sleeved and slidably connected to an upright 41, the upright 41 is fixed on the dam body, the upright 41 and the sliding sleeve 40 restrains the swing of the swing rod 15 in the horizontal direction, so as to prevent the swing rod 15 from applying a torsional force to the ratchet 14 through the sliding cylinder 42, therefore, the working stability of the energy catching mechanism is ensured, and the swing rod 15 can slide in the sliding cylinder 42, so that the constraint of the swing rod 15 in the up-and-down swinging process is relieved, and the up-and-down swinging of the floating box 16 can do work on the outer ring of the ratchet wheel 14 through the swing rod 15 and the sliding cylinder 42.
In the embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 3 and 4, the discharging mechanism comprises a frame 7, the frame 7 is fixed on the dam body by a bracket 6, the upper end and the lower end of the frame 7 are respectively fixed with a fixed shaft to rotate to connect an upper roller shaft 8 and a lower roller shaft 5, the upper roller shaft 8 and the lower roller shaft 5 are in transmission connection through a conveying mesh belt 9, a plurality of scrapers 10 are fixed on the conveying mesh belt 9 at equal intervals along the length direction of the conveying mesh belt 9, the lower roller shaft 5 and the partition ditch 1 share the central axis, the scrapers 10 can scrape impurities on the surface of the reinforced slope 4 and on the inner wall of the partition ditch 1, the ratchet 14 is in transmission connection with the upper roller shaft 8, the upper roller shaft 8 can be in transmission connection with the rammer assembly, the inner ring of the ratchet 14 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a gear two 22, the fixed shaft on the vertical frame 12 is rotatably connected with a gear one 17, the gear one 17 is in meshing connection with the gear two 22, the gear one 17 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a pulley three 21, the upper roll shaft 8 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a second belt wheel 20, a third belt wheel 21 and the second belt wheel 20 are in transmission connection through a belt 29, a groove frame 18 is fixed on the vertical frame 12, a sliding block 38 is connected on the groove frame 18 in a sliding way, a first belt wheel 19 used for tensioning the belt 29 is connected on the sliding block 38 in a fixed-shaft rotating manner, the first belt wheel 19, a second belt wheel 20 and a third belt wheel 21 are connected through the belt 29 in a transmission manner, a screw rod 39 is connected in the groove frame 18 in a rotating manner, the screw rod 39 penetrates through the sliding block 38, and the sliding block 38 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 39, the tension of the belt 29 can be conveniently adjusted by arranging the first belt wheel 19, the screw rod 39 is rotated to enable the screw rod 39 to drive the sliding block 38 to slide in the groove frame 19 through threaded transmission, so that the sliding block 38 drives the first belt wheel 19 to move synchronously, thereby realizing the adjustment of the tension of the belt 29, facilitating the disassembly and assembly of the belt 29, and the replacement and maintenance of the belt 29.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the rammer assembly includes a carriage 31 fixed on the frame 7, a sliding rod 34 is fixedly and slidably connected to the carriage 31, a hammer 36 is fixed at one end of the sliding rod 34, which is directed to the lower straight section of the conveyer belt 9, the hammer 36 can be in abutting contact with the inner wall of the conveyer belt 9, a stopper 32 is fixed at one end of the sliding rod 34, which is far away from the hammer 36, a protruding rod 37 is fixed on the sliding rod 34, the hammer 36 is connected with the carriage 31 through a spring 33, a shifting block 30 is fixed on the end surface of the upper roller shaft 8, and the shifting block 30 can be in abutting contact with the protruding rod 37.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the blowing assembly includes a pump barrel 24 fixed on the dam body, a piston plate 25 is slidably connected inside the pump barrel 24, a rack 23 is fixed on the piston plate 25, the rack 23 penetrates through and is slidably connected to the upper end wall of the pump barrel 24, the rack 23 is engaged with the outer ring of the ratchet 14, a first check valve 26 and a second check valve 28 are fixed and communicated at the lower end of the side wall of the pump barrel 24, the second check valve 28 is communicated with an air nozzle 35 through an air pipe 27, the conducting direction of the first check valve 26 points to the inside of the pump barrel 24, the conducting direction of the second check valve 28 points to the air nozzle 35, the air nozzle 35 is fixed on the frame 7 and located on the inner side of the conveyor belt 9, and the air injecting direction of the air nozzle 35 points to the flat section on the lower side of the conveyor belt 9.
The invention has the advantages that: this kind of high-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power is when using, the working process as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the buoyancy tank 16 can float on the water surface, the up-and-down fluctuation of the water body drives the buoyancy tank 16 to move up and down, so that the buoyancy tank 16 drives the outer ring of the ratchet 14 to rotate in a reciprocating manner through the telescopic rod, as shown in fig. 3, the outer ring of the ratchet 14 can be set to rotate clockwise while the inner ring can be driven by the pawl to rotate synchronously clockwise, then, the outer ring of the ratchet 14 cannot rotate counterclockwise through the pawl, so that the mechanical energy of the rotation of the outer ring of the ratchet 14 is converted by the fluctuation energy of the water body, the cleaning of impurities in the water body is realized by the fluctuation energy of the water body, no external force is needed, the structure is simple, the energy consumption is reduced, the outer ring of the ratchet 14 drives the first gear 17 to rotate through the inner ring and the second gear 22 in the clockwise rotation process, so that the first gear 17 drives the second belt pulley 20 to rotate through the third belt pulley 21 and the belt 29, and further the second belt pulley 20 synchronously drives the upper roller shaft 8 to rotate, make the roller 8 of going up drive conveying mesh belt 9 anticlockwise operation, conveying mesh belt 9 anticlockwise operation drives scraper blade 10 and picks up the inside debris of reinforcing slope 4 and wall ditch 1 simultaneously to outside the discharge water body, and fall in collecting box 13, realize the clearance to debris in the water, avoid debris to get into water pipe, avoid blockking up water pipe, play the guard action to the impeller moreover, improve its life, ensure hydroelectric generation equipment's generating efficiency.
And the conveying net belt 9 is used for ensuring the water flow to pass through, and the flowing of the water flow is not influenced while discharging sundries.
As shown in fig. 2, the upper roller 8 rotates and simultaneously drives the shifting block 30 to rotate, when the shifting block 30 abuts against and contacts with the convex rod 37, the convex rod 37 drives the sliding rod 34 to move upwards on the sliding frame 31, so that the hammer 36 compresses the spring 33, the spring 33 stores energy, when the shifting block 30 is separated from the convex rod 37 and does not contact with the convex rod 37, the spring 33 releases energy and drives the hammer 36 to hammer the conveying mesh belt 9, thereby vibrating down sundries adhered on the conveying mesh belt 9, further ensuring the passing performance of the conveying mesh belt 9, and avoiding the blockage of the conveying mesh belt 9.
The outer ring of the ratchet wheel 14 drives the piston plate 25 to slide up and down in the pump cylinder 24 through the rack 23 while rotating in a reciprocating mode, so that the piston plate 25 applies suction force and compression force to the inside of the pump cylinder 24, when the piston plate 25 applies suction force to the inside of the pump cylinder 24, the conduction direction of the one-way valve I26 points to the inside of the pump cylinder 24, the conduction direction of the one-way valve II 28 points to the air nozzle 35, so that external air is sucked into the pump cylinder 24 by one time through the one-way valve I26, when the piston plate 25 applies compression force to the inside of the pump cylinder 24, the air in the pump cylinder 24 is conveyed into the air nozzle 35 through the air pipe 27 and is blown to the conveying mesh belt 9 from the inner side of the conveying mesh belt 9 by the air nozzle 35, so that sundries adhered to the conveying mesh belt 9 are blown off by air flow, the passability of the conveying mesh belt 9 is further ensured, and the blocking of the conveying mesh belt 9 is avoided.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "head", "tail", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a high-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation which characterized in that: the dam comprises a dam body, wherein a blocking ditch (1) with a circular arc-shaped section is formed in the dam body, the blocking ditch (1) is positioned at the lower side of an inlet end of a water guide pipeline, a blocking slope (2) for blocking underwater sundries is built on the dam body, and the blocking slope (2) is positioned at one side of the blocking ditch (1) back to the water guide pipeline;
a reinforcing slope (4) is laid on one side of the dam body facing the high-pressure water body, a filter screen (3) is fixed at the inlet end of the reinforcing slope (4) corresponding to the water guide pipeline, a material guide plate (11) is fixed at the upper end of the reinforcing slope (4), a collecting box (13) is arranged on the dam body, and the collecting box (13) is located on the upper side of the material guide plate (11);
still including setting up the mechanism of catching on the dam body, the dam body is provided with the row's of being used for to separating the inside debris clearance of ditch (1) and catches the mechanism and be connected with row's of being able to construct the transmission, arrange the entrance department that the material mechanism set up at water pipe way, be provided with the subassembly of blowing that is used for blowing off the debris that bond on row's of being able to construct on the dam body to row is provided with the ram subassembly that will use the debris that bond on row's of being able to construct to shake down on arranging the material mechanism, catch and to be connected with the subassembly transmission of blowing, row's of being able to construct and be connected with ram subassembly transmission.
2. The high-end water body sundry cleaning device for the hydropower station according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the energy catching mechanism comprises a vertical frame (12) fixed on a dam body, a ratchet wheel (14) is arranged at the upper end of the vertical frame (12), an inner ring fixed shaft of the ratchet wheel (14) is rotatably connected to the upper end of the vertical frame (12), an outer ring of the ratchet wheel (14) is in transmission connection with a material discharging mechanism and an air blowing assembly respectively, a telescopic rod is fixed to the outer ring of the ratchet wheel (14), a floating box (16) is hinged to one end, far away from the ratchet wheel (14), of the telescopic rod, and the floating box (16) floats on the water surface during working.
3. The high-end water body sundry cleaning device for the hydropower station as claimed in claim 2, wherein the high-end water body sundry cleaning device comprises: the telescopic link is including fixing slide cartridge (42) on ratchet (14) outer lane, and pegs graft and sliding connection pendulum rod (15) in slide cartridge (42), and pendulum rod (15) are articulated with flotation tank (16), dead axle rotation connection sliding sleeve (40) on pendulum rod (15), and sliding sleeve (40) cover establish and sliding connection on stand (41), and stand (41) are fixed on the dam body.
4. The high-end water body sundry cleaning device for the hydropower station as claimed in claim 2, wherein the high-end water body sundry cleaning device comprises: arrange material mechanism and include frame (7), frame (7) are fixed on the dam body through support (6), and the upper and lower both ends of frame (7) dead axle rotation respectively connect and go up roller (8) and lower roller (5), and go up roller (8) and lower roller (5) and pass through conveying mesh belt (9) transmission and connect, conveying mesh belt (9) are gone up and are fixed with a plurality of scraper blades (10) along the length trend of conveying mesh belt (9) equidistant, roller (5) and separate disconnected ditch (1) common central axis setting down, and scraper blade (10) can strike off strengthening slope (4) surface and separating the debris on disconnected ditch (1) inner wall, ratchet (14) are connected with last roller (8) transmission, and go up roller (8) and can be connected with the transmission of rammer subassembly.
5. The device of claim 4, wherein the device comprises: the inner ring of the ratchet wheel (14) is coaxially and fixedly connected with a second gear (22), the vertical frame (12) is provided with a first gear (17) in a rotating mode, the first gear (17) is meshed with the second gear (22) to be connected, the first gear (17) is provided with a third coaxial fixed connection belt wheel (21), the upper roll shaft (8) is provided with a second coaxial fixed connection belt wheel (20), and the third belt wheel (21) and the second belt wheel (20) are in transmission connection through a belt (29).
6. The device of claim 5 for cleaning up debris in high-end water for hydropower, characterized in that: the groove frame (18) is fixed on the vertical frame (12), the sliding block (38) is connected on the groove frame (18) in a sliding mode, the sliding block (38) is connected with a first belt wheel (19) used for tensioning a belt (29) in a fixed-shaft rotating mode, the first belt wheel (19), a second belt wheel (20) and a third belt wheel (21) are connected through the belt (29) in a transmission mode, a screw rod (39) is connected in the groove frame (18) in a fixed-shaft rotating mode, the screw rod (39) penetrates through the sliding block (38), and the sliding block (38) is in threaded connection with the screw rod (39).
7. The device of claim 4, wherein the device comprises: the rammer subassembly is including fixing carriage (31) on frame (7), fixed sliding connection has slide bar (34) on carriage (31), and the one end of the straight section of slide bar (34) directional conveying mesh belt (9) downside is fixed with tup (36), tup (36) can be supported to detain the contact with the inner wall of conveying mesh belt (9), slide bar (34) are kept away from the one end of tup (36) and are fixed with stopper (32).
8. The device of claim 7 for cleaning up debris in high-end water for hydropower, characterized in that: a convex rod (37) is fixed on the sliding rod (34), the hammer head (36) is connected with the sliding frame (31) through a spring (33), a shifting block (30) is fixed on the end face of the upper roll shaft (8), and the shifting block (30) can be in abutting contact with the convex rod (37).
9. The device of claim 4, wherein the device comprises: the blowing assembly comprises a pump barrel (24) fixed on the dam body, a piston plate (25) is connected to the inside of the pump barrel (24) in a sliding mode, a rack (23) is fixed on the piston plate (25), the rack (23) penetrates through and is connected to the upper end wall of the pump barrel (24) in a sliding mode, and the rack (23) is connected with the outer ring of the ratchet wheel (14) in a meshed mode.
10. The high-end water body sundry cleaning device for the hydropower station according to claim 9, which is characterized in that: the lateral wall lower extreme of pump barrel (24) is fixed and communicates check valve one (26) and check valve two (28), check valve two (28) are linked together through trachea (27) and air nozzle (35), the direction of switching on of check valve one (26) is inside directional pump barrel (24), the direction of switching on of check valve two (28) points to air nozzle (35), air nozzle (35) are fixed in frame (7) and are located the inboard of conveying mesh belt (9), and the jet-propelled direction of air nozzle (35) points to conveying mesh belt (9) downside straight section.
CN202111344855.2A 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 High-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation Withdrawn CN113996097A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111344855.2A CN113996097A (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 High-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111344855.2A CN113996097A (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 High-order end water debris cleaning device for hydroelectric power generation

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116884190A (en) * 2023-07-12 2023-10-13 江苏省防汛防旱抢险中心 Embankment impact detection alarm device and method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116884190A (en) * 2023-07-12 2023-10-13 江苏省防汛防旱抢险中心 Embankment impact detection alarm device and method
CN116884190B (en) * 2023-07-12 2023-12-15 江苏省防汛防旱抢险中心 Embankment impact detection alarm device and method

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