CN113802840A - Method for quickly disassembling and assembling shear wall template - Google Patents

Method for quickly disassembling and assembling shear wall template Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113802840A
CN113802840A CN202010555720.XA CN202010555720A CN113802840A CN 113802840 A CN113802840 A CN 113802840A CN 202010555720 A CN202010555720 A CN 202010555720A CN 113802840 A CN113802840 A CN 113802840A
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China
Prior art keywords
shear wall
hinge
wall template
assembling
integral
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CN202010555720.XA
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CN113802840B (en
Inventor
张国安
邓成焰
黄艳霞
罗炬传
郭建岐
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Zhenzhong Construction Group Co Ltd
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Zhenzhong Construction Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010555720.XA priority Critical patent/CN113802840B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G19/00Auxiliary treatment of forms, e.g. dismantling; Cleaning devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/08Forms, which are completely dismantled after setting of the concrete and re-built for next pouring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for quickly disassembling and assembling a shear wall template, which belongs to the technical field of buildings and comprises the following steps that the integral shear wall template is erected from a first floor, and a hinge top contact rod is connected to a first hinge part and a second hinge part on the surface of the integral shear wall template; the hinge top contact rod is connected with the adjusting track on the overhanging protective frame in a sliding way; adjusting the hinge jacking rod to jack the integral shear wall template; the hinge top contact rods of the first hinge part and the second hinge part are mutually exchanged to an adjusting track on the overhanging protective frame of the second layer; and the integral shear wall template is lifted to the second floor by interchanging the first hinge part and the second hinge part, and the process is repeated until the roof is capped after the middle positioning hinge is locked. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template is scientific and reasonable in design, adopts aluminum alloy template modularization, is easy to install and disassemble, is a template from one floor to the top of a building, reduces the construction difficulty, can be hoisted to the previous floor for direct installation, and can ensure the precision.

Description

Method for quickly disassembling and assembling shear wall template
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of buildings, in particular to a method for quickly disassembling and assembling a shear wall template.
Background
Shear walls (shear walls) are also known as wind resistant walls, earthquake resistant walls or structural walls. The wall body mainly bears horizontal load and vertical load (gravity) caused by wind load or earthquake action in a house or a structure, and the structure is prevented from being sheared (sheared) and damaged. Also known as earthquake resistant walls, are generally made of reinforced concrete. In recent years, with the increase of the investment of the infrastructure construction of the country and the increase of real estate development projects, the construction industry has a continuously increasing situation. The eye is open to the world, particularly in developing countries, where there is a rising enthusiasm for the construction. The rapid development of the building industry, the application of a large amount of cast-in-place concrete and the supporting market demand of the template combined structure are strong.
At present, wood resource consumption is high, the characteristics of inflexible and convenient adjustment, less repeated utilization and turnover frequency and the like exist, the improvement of the cast-in-place concrete engineering quality is not facilitated, and the industrial policy of energy conservation and consumption reduction in China is not met, so that the market popularization prospect is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the traditional elevator shaft, the invention provides a method for quickly disassembling and assembling a shear wall template, which is used for overcoming the defects that in the prior art, the consumption of wood resources is high, the adjustment is inflexible and convenient, the number of repeated utilization and turnover times is small, the improvement of the cast-in-place concrete engineering quality is not facilitated, and the like.
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a method for quickly disassembling and assembling a shear wall template comprises the following steps,
the method comprises the following steps: during installation, the integral shear wall template is erected from the first floor, and the first hinged piece and the second hinged piece on the surface of the integral shear wall template are connected with the hinge top contact rod;
step two: one end of the hinge top touch rod is connected with the adjusting track on the overhanging protective frame in a sliding way;
step three: the integral shear wall template is ejected by adjusting the angle of the hinge ejection contact rod;
step four; when the cantilever protection frame is disassembled, the middle positioning hinge of the hinge top touch rod is released, and the hinge top touch rods of the first hinge part and the second hinge part are mutually exchanged to the adjusting track on the cantilever protection frame of the second layer;
step five: and D, the integral shear wall template is lifted to a second layer by interchanging the first hinge piece and the second hinge piece, and the step II is repeated after the middle positioning hinge is locked until the roof is capped.
Furthermore, the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts in the first step are respectively positioned at the upper end and the lower end of the integral shear wall template, and the number of the first hinge parts and the number of the second hinge parts are not less than 4.
Furthermore, the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts are distributed at different positions of the upper end and the lower end of the integral shear wall template, so that the integral shear wall template forms a supporting top template structure of a lattice.
Furthermore, a plurality of reinforcing ribs and main reinforcing ribs are arranged on the integral shear wall template, the reinforcing ribs and the main reinforcing ribs are crossed to form a net shape, and the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts are fixed on the main reinforcing ribs.
Furthermore, a concrete air leakage hole is reserved in the integral shear wall template, and the concrete air leakage is located in the middle of the integral shear wall template and is blocked by adopting disposable sponge.
Further, in the fourth step, the first hinge element is firstly connected to the adjusting track on the corresponding overhanging protective frame of the previous layer, and the second hinge element is connected to the adjusting track on the corresponding overhanging protective frame of the previous layer.
Furthermore, the whole shear wall template is provided with an auxiliary lifting ring, the auxiliary lifting ring is of a pulley structure, and a lifting rope penetrates through the auxiliary lifting ring to assist the hinge top contact rods of the first hinge part and the second hinge part to exchange with an adjusting track on the cantilever protection frame on the second layer.
The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template has scientific and reasonable design and simple and convenient construction method, and also has at least the following specific advantages:
1. the method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template adopts aluminum alloy template modularization, is easy to assemble and disassemble, is a template from one floor to the top of a building, and improves the resource reutilization rate.
2. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template is simple and quick in construction, convenient to construct, capable of reducing the construction difficulty and worthy of popularization.
3. The method for quickly dismounting and mounting the shear wall template has the advantages of template integration, convenience in mounting and dismounting, capability of being hoisted to the upper layer for direct mounting, and capability of ensuring precision.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive exercise:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a method for quickly assembling and disassembling a shear wall formwork according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an integral shear wall form for a method of quickly assembling and disassembling shear wall forms;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a hinge top contact rod of the method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall form of FIG. 1;
in the drawings: 1-integral shear wall formwork; 2-hinge top feeler lever; 3-overhanging protective frame; 11-a first articulation; 12-a second articulation; 13-reinforcing ribs; 14-a primary reinforcing rib; 15-concrete air escape holes; 16-an auxiliary hoisting ring; 21-a middle positioning hinge; 31-adjusting the track.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments, which are illustrative of the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, a method for quickly assembling and disassembling a shear wall formwork includes the following steps,
the method comprises the following steps: during installation, the integral shear wall template 1 is erected from the first floor, and the hinge top contact rod 2 is connected to the first hinge part 11 and the second hinge part 12 on the surface of the integral shear wall template 1;
step two: one end of the hinge top feeler lever 2 is connected with the adjusting track 31 on the overhanging protective frame 3 in a sliding way;
step three: the integral shear wall template 1 is jacked by adjusting the angle of the hinge jacking contact rod 2;
step four; when the cantilever is disassembled, the middle positioning hinge 21 of the hinge top touch rod 2 is released, and the hinge top touch rods 2 of the first hinge part 11 and the second hinge part 12 are mutually exchanged to the adjusting track 31 on the cantilever protection frame 3 of the second layer; in the fourth step, the first hinge part 11 is first connected to the adjusting rail 31 of the corresponding overhanging guard frame 3 of the previous layer, and the second hinge part 12 is connected to the adjusting rail 31 of the corresponding overhanging guard frame 3 of the previous layer.
Step five: and the integral shear wall template 1 is lifted to a second floor by interchanging the first hinge part 11 and the second hinge part 12, and the step two is repeated after the middle positioning hinge 21 is locked until the roof is capped.
Specifically, the first hinge parts 11 and the second hinge parts 12 in the first step are respectively located at the upper end and the lower end of the integral shear wall formwork 1, and the number of the first hinge parts and the number of the second hinge parts are not less than 4. The first hinge parts 11 and the second hinge parts 12 are distributed at different positions of the upper end and the lower end of the integral shear wall template 1, so that the integral shear wall template 1 forms a supporting top formwork structure of a lattice, precisely, only 4 first hinge parts 11 and 4 second hinge parts 12 are needed to respectively top-contact the integral shear wall template 1 in an array mode, and the integral shear wall template 1 is stressed uniformly.
Preferably, the integral shear wall formwork 1 is provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs 13 and main reinforcing ribs 14, the reinforcing ribs 13 and the main reinforcing ribs 14 are crossed to form a net shape, the first hinge parts 11 and the second hinge parts 12 are fixed on the main reinforcing ribs 14, on one hand, the integral weight of the integral shear wall formwork 1 is reduced, on the other hand, the mechanical strength of the integral shear wall formwork 1 is also enhanced through the crossed net-shaped reinforcing ribs 13 and the main reinforcing ribs 14, and the integral shear wall formwork is not deformed by concrete extrusion.
Furthermore, a concrete air leakage hole 15 is reserved in the integral shear wall template 1, and the concrete air leakage hole 15 is located in the middle of the integral shear wall template 1 and is sealed and blocked by disposable sponge. The difficulty in demoulding due to the fact that the integral shear wall template 1 is in integral contact with the surface tension is prevented, and the concrete is accelerated to be condensed due to the concrete air leakage hole 15, so that the construction efficiency is improved.
In some embodiments, the integral shear wall formwork 1 is provided with an auxiliary hanging ring 16, the auxiliary hanging ring 16 is of a pulley structure, and a hanging rope penetrates through the auxiliary hanging ring 16 to assist the hinge contact rod 2 of the first hinge part 11 and the second hinge part 12 to be mutually exchanged to an adjusting track on the overhanging protective frame of the second layer, so that the integral shear wall formwork 1 is convenient to move.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (7)

1. A method for quickly disassembling and assembling shear wall templates is characterized by comprising the following steps: comprises the following steps of (a) carrying out,
the method comprises the following steps: during installation, the integral shear wall template is erected from the first floor, and the first hinged piece and the second hinged piece on the surface of the integral shear wall template are connected with the hinge top contact rod;
step two: one end of the hinge top touch rod is connected with the adjusting track on the overhanging protective frame in a sliding way;
step three: the integral shear wall template is ejected by adjusting the angle of the hinge ejection contact rod;
step four; when the cantilever protection frame is disassembled, the middle positioning hinge of the hinge top touch rod is released, and the hinge top touch rods of the first hinge part and the second hinge part are mutually exchanged to the adjusting track on the cantilever protection frame of the second layer;
step five: and D, the integral shear wall template is lifted to a second layer by interchanging the first hinge piece and the second hinge piece, and the step II is repeated after the middle positioning hinge is locked until the roof is capped.
2. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template according to claim 1, characterized in that: and the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts in the first step are respectively positioned at the upper end and the lower end of the integral shear wall template, and the number of the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts is not less than 4.
3. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template according to claim 2, characterized in that: the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts are distributed at different positions of the upper end and the lower end of the integral shear wall template, so that the integral shear wall template forms a supporting top template structure of a lattice.
4. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template according to claim 3, characterized in that: the integral shear wall template is provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs and main reinforcing ribs, the reinforcing ribs and the main reinforcing ribs are crossed to form a net, and the first hinge parts and the second hinge parts are fixed on the main reinforcing ribs.
5. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template according to claim 2, characterized in that: and a concrete air leakage hole is reserved in the integral shear wall template, and the concrete air leakage is positioned in the middle of the integral shear wall template and is blocked by adopting disposable sponge.
6. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the fourth step, the first hinged part is firstly connected to the adjusting track on the corresponding overhanging protective frame of the previous layer, and the second hinged part is connected to the adjusting track on the corresponding overhanging protective frame of the previous layer.
7. The method for quickly disassembling and assembling the shear wall template according to claim 6, characterized in that: the whole shear wall template is provided with an auxiliary lifting ring, the auxiliary lifting ring is of a pulley structure, and a lifting rope penetrates through a hinge top contact rod of the auxiliary lifting ring, which is used for assisting the first hinge part and the second hinge part, and is mutually exchanged to an adjusting track on the cantilever protection frame on the second layer.
CN202010555720.XA 2020-06-17 2020-06-17 Quick assembly and disassembly method for shear wall templates Active CN113802840B (en)

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CN113802840B CN113802840B (en) 2023-05-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115262961A (en) * 2022-08-12 2022-11-01 甘肃盛宏建筑工程有限责任公司 Cantilever structure pouring formwork supporting device and construction method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201003281Y (en) * 2007-01-18 2008-01-09 北京金洋恒泰模板有限公司 Integral synchronous retraction well casing template
CN105155830A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-16 杭州江润科技有限公司 Construction method for combined type fixed and integral lifting of elevator shaft stereotyped operation platform
CN109235877A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-01-18 中建四局第五建筑工程有限公司 A kind of tool type deformation slit formwork support system
US20200002958A1 (en) * 2017-07-14 2020-01-02 Sichuan Huashi Group Co., Ltd Integrated formwork system for construction of super high-rise building
CN110924323A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-27 中建四局贵州投资建设有限公司 Culvert template trolley
CN110984427A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-10 中交第一航务工程局有限公司 Shear wall construction process based on fully-prefabricated floor slab
CN111287454A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-16 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Mold opening and closing device and using method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201003281Y (en) * 2007-01-18 2008-01-09 北京金洋恒泰模板有限公司 Integral synchronous retraction well casing template
CN105155830A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-16 杭州江润科技有限公司 Construction method for combined type fixed and integral lifting of elevator shaft stereotyped operation platform
US20200002958A1 (en) * 2017-07-14 2020-01-02 Sichuan Huashi Group Co., Ltd Integrated formwork system for construction of super high-rise building
CN109235877A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-01-18 中建四局第五建筑工程有限公司 A kind of tool type deformation slit formwork support system
CN110984427A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-10 中交第一航务工程局有限公司 Shear wall construction process based on fully-prefabricated floor slab
CN110924323A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-27 中建四局贵州投资建设有限公司 Culvert template trolley
CN111287454A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-16 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Mold opening and closing device and using method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115262961A (en) * 2022-08-12 2022-11-01 甘肃盛宏建筑工程有限责任公司 Cantilever structure pouring formwork supporting device and construction method
CN115262961B (en) * 2022-08-12 2024-01-05 甘肃盛宏建筑工程有限责任公司 Cantilever structure pouring formwork supporting device and construction method

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