CN113756713A - Combine and dig brill dress all-in-one suitable for mine terminal surface in pit - Google Patents

Combine and dig brill dress all-in-one suitable for mine terminal surface in pit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113756713A
CN113756713A CN202111000517.7A CN202111000517A CN113756713A CN 113756713 A CN113756713 A CN 113756713A CN 202111000517 A CN202111000517 A CN 202111000517A CN 113756713 A CN113756713 A CN 113756713A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drilling
seat
hydraulic cylinder
frame
arm
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202111000517.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鲍明松
刘文涛
郑安
孙洪秀
杨磊
段立夫
赵林萍
赵琪琅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Guoxing Robot Joint Research Institute Co ltd
Shandong Junde Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Guoxing Robot Joint Research Institute Co ltd
Shandong Junde Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Guoxing Robot Joint Research Institute Co ltd, Shandong Junde Intelligent Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Shandong Guoxing Robot Joint Research Institute Co ltd
Priority to CN202111000517.7A priority Critical patent/CN113756713A/en
Publication of CN113756713A publication Critical patent/CN113756713A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterised by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G19/00Conveyors comprising an impeller or a series of impellers carried by an endless traction element and arranged to move articles or materials over a supporting surface or underlying material, e.g. endless scraper conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/02Loading or unloading machines comprising essentially a conveyor for moving the loads associated with a device for picking-up the loads
    • B65G65/04Loading or unloading machines comprising essentially a conveyor for moving the loads associated with a device for picking-up the loads with pick-up shovels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts
    • E21B15/04Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts specially adapted for directional drilling, e.g. slant hole rigs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/08Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods
    • E21B19/086Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods with a fluid-actuated cylinder
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B3/00Rotary drilling
    • E21B3/02Surface drives for rotary drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/04Directional drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/04Directional drilling
    • E21B7/046Directional drilling horizontal drilling

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Earth Drilling (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for an underground end face of a mine, and relates to the technical field of drilling equipment. The fully-mechanized excavating and drilling integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine is characterized in that after a left crawler traveling assembly and a right crawler traveling assembly drive a frame to travel to a drilling position, an end face drilling hydrographic drill hole and a blasting excavation drill hole are excavated towards the front of a roadway by a drilling mechanism and used for exploring hydrogeological conditions in the front, and explosives are filled in the blasting excavation drill hole to detonate so as to break rock and soil on the excavated end face; rock soil in front of the frame is conveyed to the material pushing plate by the material raking mechanism, and the rock soil is conveyed to the rear side position of the frame by the scraper conveying mechanism and is conveyed away by other conveying devices; after the drilling mechanism completes the drilling operation of hydrological drilling and blasting excavation drilling in front of the roadway, the drilling mechanism drills and supports the drilling holes towards the top plate above the roadway and the left and right side walls to anchor, so that the heights of the mechanisms are matched in a coordinated mode to improve the working efficiency.

Description

Combine and dig brill dress all-in-one suitable for mine terminal surface in pit
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of drilling equipment, in particular to a fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for an underground end face of a mine.
Background
Drilling equipment and tunneling equipment are commonly used in underground mine engineering to realize drilling operation and tunneling operation on the end face of a roadway. At present, drilling equipment and tunneling equipment are integrated into an integrated machine so as to realize synchronous or joint operation of drilling and tunneling. However, the drilling and tunneling all-in-one machine has a single function of the drilling equipment, and generally only can drill towards a certain drilling angle or a plurality of drilling angles, for example, the drilling equipment on the all-in-one machine is generally used for drilling towards an upper top plate to perform anchoring operation. At a drilling position, drilling equipment on the all-in-one machine is difficult to switch the drilling angle in time at the drilling position to continue drilling, but the drilling position is required to be integrally adjusted to switch the drilling angle, so that the drilling efficiency is low, and the working efficiency of the all-in-one machine is reduced. In addition, the cooperation of each mechanism on the existing all-in-one machine is not good enough, which also influences the working efficiency of the all-in-one machine.
Chinese patent publication No. CN104564056A discloses a tunneling and exploring integrated machine, wherein a prospecting drilling machine is arranged on one side of a machine body of a heading machine by taking a main machine of the heading machine as an operation platform, and the working performance of the heading machine is not affected. However, the exploration drilling machine has a narrow drilling angle range, is mainly used for forward drilling operation, and is difficult to switch the drilling angle at a drilling position in time to continue drilling.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of a mine, which can quickly switch drilling angles at a drilling position on the end face of a roadway to continue drilling so as to improve the drilling efficiency; the cooperative matching degree of each mechanism of the all-in-one machine is higher, so that the working efficiency is improved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
a fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of a mine comprises a frame, a left crawler walking assembly, a right crawler walking assembly, a drilling mechanism, a raking mechanism, a material pushing plate and a scraper conveying mechanism;
the left side of the frame is provided with a left crawler belt walking assembly, and the right side of the frame is provided with a right crawler belt walking assembly; the left crawler belt walking assembly and the right crawler belt walking assembly drive the frame to go straight or turn;
the frame is provided with at least one drilling mechanism, and the drilling mechanism can switch drilling angles towards the front, the back, the left, the right, the upper part and the oblique lower part;
the upper end of the front side of the frame is provided with a raking mechanism;
a material pushing plate is arranged at the lower end of the front side of the frame;
the frame is provided with a scraper conveying mechanism, the scraper conveying mechanism extends along the front-back direction of the frame, one end of the scraper conveying mechanism is positioned at the position of the material pushing plate, and the other end of the scraper conveying mechanism is positioned at the rear side of the frame;
the rock soil in front of the frame can be conveyed to the material pushing plate by the material raking mechanism, and the rock soil is continuously conveyed to the rear side position of the frame by the scraper conveying mechanism.
Preferably, the raking mechanism comprises a rotary disc, an arm support and a raking bucket, the rotary disc is rotatably connected to the upper end of the front side of the frame, the arm support is formed by sequentially hinging a plurality of arm rods, a raking hydraulic cylinder is connected between adjacent arm rods, the raking hydraulic cylinder stretches to drive the adjacent arm rods to swing, the arm rod at one end of the arm support is hinged to the rotary disc, and the arm rod at the other end of the arm support is connected with the raking bucket.
Preferably, the lower end of the front side of the frame is hinged with the rear end of the material pushing plate, the front side of the frame is connected with the front end of the material pushing plate through a material pushing hydraulic cylinder, and the material pushing hydraulic cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the front end of the material pushing plate to lift or fall.
Preferably, the lower end of the front side of the frame is hinged with the material pushing plate, the front side of the frame is connected with the material pushing plate through a material pushing hydraulic cylinder, and the material pushing hydraulic cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the material pushing plate to lift or fall.
Preferably, the drilling mechanism comprises a first rotary speed reducer, a first hydraulic motor, a telescopic arm, a front arm, a pitching hydraulic cylinder, a fine-tuning hydraulic cylinder, a swinging hydraulic cylinder, a second rotary speed reducer, a second hydraulic motor and a drilling machine body;
the first rotary speed reducer is arranged on the frame, the power output end of the first hydraulic motor is in power connection with the input end of the first rotary speed reducer, and the output end of the first rotary speed reducer rotates around the axis of the first rotary speed reducer;
the upper end of the output end of the first rotary speed reducer is provided with a first upper hinge seat, and the lower end of the output end of the first rotary speed reducer is provided with a first lower hinge seat;
the telescopic arm comprises a fixed arm section and at least one telescopic arm section, and the telescopic arm section can extend or retract relative to the fixed arm section; the rear end of the fixed arm section is provided with a second rear hinge seat, a second lower hinge seat is arranged below the front end of the fixed arm section, and the front end of the telescopic arm section is provided with a second front hinge seat;
the rear end of the front arm is provided with a third hinge seat;
the second rear hinge seat is hinged with the first upper hinge seat, one end of the pitching hydraulic cylinder is hinged with the first lower hinge seat, the other end of the pitching hydraulic cylinder is hinged with the second lower hinge seat, and the second front hinge seat is hinged with the third hinge seat;
the front end of the telescopic arm section is provided with a fourth front hinge seat, and the rear end of the front arm is provided with a fourth rear hinge seat;
one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth front hinge seat, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth rear hinge seat;
the front end of the front arm is provided with a swing hydraulic cylinder, the swing hydraulic cylinder comprises a cylinder sleeve and a cylinder core, the cylinder sleeve is arranged at the front end of the front arm, the cylinder core can swing relative to the cylinder sleeve, and the cylinder core is provided with a swing supporting seat;
a second rotary speed reducer is arranged on the swing supporting seat, the power output end of the second hydraulic motor is in power connection with the input end of the second rotary speed reducer, and the output end of the second rotary speed reducer rotates around the axis of the second rotary speed reducer;
and the output end of the second rotary speed reducer is provided with a drilling machine body.
Preferably, the drilling machine body comprises a fixed seat, a first sliding seat, a second sliding seat, a drilling machine, a primary feeding hydraulic cylinder and a secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder;
the fixed seat is arranged on the output end of the second rotary speed reducer;
the fixed seat is provided with a slide rail, and the slide rail is arranged along the extending direction of the fixed seat;
a slide bar is arranged on the first sliding seat, the slide bar is connected with a slide rail in a sliding manner, and the slide bar can move relative to the slide rail;
the first sliding seat is provided with a limiting sliding rod, and the limiting sliding rod is arranged along the extending direction of the first sliding seat;
the second sliding seat is provided with a limiting sliding sleeve, the limiting sliding rod is connected in the limiting sliding sleeve in a sliding manner, and the limiting sliding sleeve can move relative to the limiting sliding rod;
a drilling machine is arranged on the second sliding seat, and the arrangement direction of the drilling rods on the drilling machine is the same as the forward movement direction of the limiting sliding sleeve relative to the limiting sliding rod;
a primary feeding hydraulic cylinder is connected between the front end of the first sliding seat and the second sliding seat, and a secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder is connected between the rear end of the fixing seat and the rear end of the first sliding seat.
Preferably, the drilling machine body further comprises a front support sliding sleeve, a front support sliding rod, a front support plate, a front support hydraulic cylinder, a rear support sliding sleeve, a rear support sliding rod, a rear support plate and a rear support hydraulic cylinder;
the front end of the fixed seat is provided with a front support sliding sleeve, the front support sliding rod is connected in the front support sliding sleeve in a sliding manner, the front support sliding rod can move relative to the front support sliding sleeve, the tail end of the front support sliding rod is provided with a front support plate, and a front support hydraulic cylinder is connected between the front end of the fixed seat and the front support plate;
the rear end of fixing base sets up the back and supports the sliding sleeve, back support slide bar sliding connection is in back support sliding sleeve, back support slide bar can remove for back support sliding sleeve, the backup pad is connected after the end of back support slide bar sets up, the back support pneumatic cylinder of being connected between the rear end of fixing base and the back backup pad.
Preferably, a drill rod supporting seat is arranged at the upper end of the front supporting plate, a limiting hole is formed in the drill rod supporting seat, and the drill rod penetrates through the limiting hole.
Preferably, the rear end of the cylinder sleeve is provided with a bearing, and the cylinder core is exposed out of the front end of the cylinder sleeve; one end of the swing supporting seat is connected with the cylinder core, and the other end of the swing supporting seat is connected with the inner ring of the bearing; and the orthographic projection area of the swing supporting seat covers the cylinder sleeve.
Preferably, the left side and the right side of the front end of the telescopic arm section are both provided with a fourth front hinge seat, and the left side and the right side of the rear end of the front arm are both provided with a fourth rear hinge seat;
one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth front hinged seat on the left side of the front end of the telescopic arm section, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth rear hinged seat on the left side of the rear end of the front arm;
one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth front hinged seat on the right side of the front end of the telescopic arm section, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth rear hinged seat on the right side of the rear end of the front arm.
Preferably, be connected with flexible pneumatic cylinder between fixed arm festival and the flexible arm festival, flexible pneumatic cylinder is flexible in order to drive flexible arm festival and stretch out or retract for fixed arm festival.
The beneficial technical effects of the invention are as follows:
the fully-mechanized excavating and drilling integrated machine is suitable for the underground end face of a mine, after a left crawler traveling assembly and a right crawler traveling assembly drive a frame to travel to a drilling position, a drilling mechanism tunnels the end face drilling hydrographic drill hole and a blasting drill hole towards a front roadway for exploring front hydrographic geological conditions, and explosives are filled in the blasting drill hole to detonate so as to break rock and soil of the tunneling end face; rock soil in front of the frame is conveyed to the material pushing plate by the material raking mechanism, and the rock soil is conveyed to the rear side position of the frame by the scraper conveying mechanism and is conveyed away by other conveying devices; after the drilling mechanism completes the drilling operation of hydrological drilling and blasting excavation drilling in front of the roadway, the drilling mechanism drills and supports the drilling holes towards the top plate above the roadway and the left and right side walls to anchor, so that the heights of the mechanisms are matched in a coordinated mode to improve the working efficiency.
The fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine can be positioned at a drilling position of a roadway end face on a frame, and a drilling mechanism of the fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine adjusts the rotation of a first rotary speed reducer to drive a drilling machine body to rotate around the axis of the first rotary speed reducer on the horizontal plane; the telescopic arm is adjusted to stretch and retract to drive the whole drilling machine body to move forwards or backwards; the telescopic of the pitching hydraulic cylinder is adjusted to drive the telescopic arm to tilt up or down, so that the drilling machine body is driven to wholly tilt up or down; after the telescopic arm is raised or pitched down, the stretching of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is adjusted to enable the front arm to be in a horizontal posture or other angle postures; adjusting the swing angle of the swing hydraulic cylinder to drive the drilling machine body to swing at different angles relative to the swing hydraulic cylinder; adjusting the rotation of the second rotary speed reducer to drive the drilling machine body to rotate around the axis of the second rotary speed reducer relative to the swing supporting seat; in this way, the drilling mechanism can rapidly switch the drilling angle of the drilling machine body towards the front, the back, the left, the right, the upper part and the oblique lower part to continue drilling, so as to improve the drilling efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for a mine underground end face according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a rear view of the fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of a drilling mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a rear view of a drilling mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a right side view of a drilling mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a bottom view of a drilling mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a top view of a drilling mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a first slew reducer, a first hydraulic motor, etc. in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a perspective view of a swing cylinder, a second slewing reduction gear, a second hydraulic motor, and the like according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings in combination with the specific embodiments. Certain embodiments of the invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which some, but not all embodiments of the invention are shown. Indeed, various embodiments of the invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will satisfy applicable legal requirements.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "inside", "outside", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In an embodiment of the present invention, a fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for a mine downhole end face is provided, please refer to fig. 1 to 10.
A fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of a mine comprises a frame 71, a left crawler walking assembly 721, a right crawler walking assembly 722, a drilling mechanism A, a raking mechanism 73, a material pushing plate 74, a scraper conveying mechanism 75 and the like.
A left crawler belt traveling assembly 721 is provided on the left side of the frame 71, and a right crawler belt traveling assembly 722 is provided on the right side of the frame 71. The left crawler belt walking assembly 721 and the right crawler belt walking assembly 722 drive the frame 71 to go straight or turn, so that the all-in-one machine has better trafficability in a roadway.
The drilling mechanism a is provided on each of the left and right sides of the carriage 71, and the drilling mechanism a can switch the drilling angle to the front, the rear, the left, the right, the upper, and the obliquely lower direction.
The raking mechanism 73 is arranged at the upper end of the front side of the frame 71. The raking mechanism 73 comprises a rotary plate 731, an arm support 732 and a rake bucket 733, the rotary plate 731 is rotatably connected to the upper end of the front side of the frame 71, the arm support 732 is formed by sequentially hinging two arm rods, a raking hydraulic cylinder is connected between the adjacent arm rods, the raking hydraulic cylinder stretches to drive the adjacent arm rods to swing, the arm rod at one end of the arm support 732 is hinged to the rotary plate 731, and the arm rod at the other end of the arm support 732 is connected with the rake bucket 733. The rotation of the turntable 731 drives the arm support 732 and the rake bucket 733 to rotate, and the arm lever constituting the arm support 732 is driven by the extension and retraction of the rake hydraulic cylinder to swing, so that the rake bucket 733 can rake rock soil in a larger range.
The front lower end of the frame 71 is provided with a material pushing plate 74. Specifically, the lower end of the front side of the frame 71 is hinged to the rear end of the material pushing plate 74, the front side of the frame 71 is connected to the front end of the material pushing plate 74 through a material pushing hydraulic cylinder, and the material pushing hydraulic cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the front end of the material pushing plate 74 to lift or fall. When the front end of the material pushing plate 74 falls down, the raker bucket 733 is used for raking the rock soil on the material pushing plate 74, and when the front end of the material pushing plate 74 is lifted up, the rock soil on the material pushing plate 74 slides backwards to slide onto the scraper conveying mechanism 75.
The frame 71 is provided with a scraper conveying mechanism 75, the scraper conveying mechanism 75 is positioned in the middle of the frame, the scraper conveying mechanism 75 extends along the front-back direction of the frame 71, one end of the scraper conveying mechanism 75 is positioned at the rear end of the material pushing plate 74, and the other end of the scraper conveying mechanism 75 is positioned at the rear side of the frame 71.
The raking mechanism 73 conveys the rock soil in front of the frame 71 to the material pushing plate 74, and the scraper conveying mechanism 75 continues to convey the rock soil to the rear position of the frame 71.
The drilling mechanism a includes a first slewing reducer 11, a first hydraulic motor 21, a telescopic arm 31, a forearm 32, a pitch cylinder 41, a vernier cylinder 42, a swing cylinder 43, a second slewing reducer 12, a second hydraulic motor 22, a drill body, and the like.
The first rotation speed reducer 11 is arranged on the frame 71, a power output end (output rotating shaft) of the first hydraulic motor 21 is in power connection with an input end of the first rotation speed reducer 11, an axis Z1 of the output end of the first rotation speed reducer 11 is perpendicular to a plane where the frame 71 is located under the driving of the first hydraulic motor 21, and the output end of the first rotation speed reducer 11 rotates around an axis Z1.
The first support column 30 is disposed at the output end of the first rotary speed reducer 11, the first upper hinge seat 511 is disposed at the upper end of the first support column 30, and the first lower hinge seat 512 is disposed at the lower end of the first support column 30.
The telescopic arm 31 includes a fixed arm section and a telescopic arm section which can be extended or retracted with respect to the fixed arm section. Connect flexible pneumatic cylinder between fixed arm festival and the flexible arm festival, flexible pneumatic cylinder is located inside the fixed arm festival, and flexible pneumatic cylinder is flexible to stretch out or retract for the fixed arm festival in order to drive flexible arm festival.
The rear end of fixed arm festival sets up articulated seat 521 behind the second, and articulated seat 522 is down set up to the front end below of fixed arm festival under the second, and articulated seat 523 before the front end of flexible arm festival sets up the second.
The rear end of the front arm 32 is provided with a third hinge seat 53.
The second rear hinge base 521 is hinged to the first upper hinge base 511, one end of the pitch hydraulic cylinder 41 is hinged to the first lower hinge base 512, the other end of the pitch hydraulic cylinder 41 is hinged to the second lower hinge base 522, and the second front hinge base 523 is hinged to the third hinge base 53.
The front end of the telescopic arm section is provided with a fourth front hinged seat 541, and the rear end of the front arm 32 is provided with a fourth rear hinged seat 542.
One end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 is hinged to the fourth front hinge seat 541, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 is hinged to the fourth rear hinge seat 542. Specifically, the left and right sides of the front end of the telescopic arm section are provided with a fourth front hinge seat 541, and the left and right sides of the rear end of the front arm 32 are provided with a fourth rear hinge seat 542. One end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 is hinged with a fourth front hinged seat 541 on the left side of the front end of the telescopic arm section, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 is hinged with a fourth rear hinged seat 542 on the left side of the rear end of the front arm 32; one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 is hinged to a fourth front hinged seat 541 on the right side of the front end of the telescopic arm section, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 is hinged to a fourth rear hinged seat 542 on the right side of the rear end of the front arm 32.
The front end of the front arm 32 is provided with a swing hydraulic cylinder 43. The swing hydraulic cylinder 43 includes a cylinder sleeve provided at the front end of the front arm 32 and a core which can swing with respect to the cylinder sleeve, and the core is provided with a swing support base 33.
A bearing 431 is provided at the rear end of the cylinder liner, and the core is exposed from the front end of the cylinder liner. One end of the swing support base 33 is connected to the cylinder core, and the other end of the swing support base 33 is connected to the inner ring of the bearing 431.
The orthographic projection area of the swing support seat 33 covers a cylinder sleeve, so that the swing hydraulic cylinder 43 is protected in the drilling process, and the swing hydraulic cylinder 43 is prevented from being damaged by broken stones and the like generated by drilling.
The swing support seat 33 is provided with a second rotation speed reducer 12, a power output end (output rotating shaft) of the second hydraulic motor 22 is in power connection with an input end of the second rotation speed reducer 12, an axis Z2 of the output end of the second rotation speed reducer 12 is perpendicular to the plane of the swing support seat 33, and the output end of the second rotation speed reducer 12 rotates around an axis Z2.
A second supporting column 34 is arranged at the output end of the second slewing reducer 12, and a drilling machine body is assembled on the second supporting column 34.
The drilling machine body comprises a fixed seat 61, a first slide seat 621, a second slide seat 622, a drilling machine 63, a primary feeding hydraulic cylinder 441 and a secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder 442. Wherein, the fixing seat 61 is arranged on the second supporting column 34 at the output end of the second rotation reducer 12. The fixing base 61 is provided with a slide rail 641, and the slide rail 641 is disposed along the extending direction of the fixing base 61. The first sliding seat 621 is disposed with a slide bar 642, the slide bar 642 is slidably connected to the slide rail 641, and the slide bar 642 can move relative to the slide rail 641, so that the first sliding seat 621 moves relative to the fixing seat 61. A limiting slide rod 651 is arranged on the first slide seat 621, and the limiting slide rod 651 is arranged along the extending direction of the first slide seat 621. Two sides of the bottom of the second sliding base 622 are provided with a limiting sliding sleeve 652, a limiting sliding rod 651 is slidably connected in the limiting sliding sleeve 652, and the limiting sliding sleeve 652 can move relative to the limiting sliding rod 651, so that the second sliding base 622 can move relative to the first sliding base 621. The second slide 622 is provided with a drilling machine 63, and the arrangement direction of a drilling rod 631 on the drilling machine 63 is the same as the forward moving direction of the limiting sliding sleeve 652 relative to the limiting sliding rod 651. A primary feeding hydraulic cylinder 441 is connected between the front end of the first slide 621 and the second slide 622, and a secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder 442 is connected between the rear end of the fixed seat 61 and the rear end of the first slide 621.
In the use process of the drilling machine 63, the secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder 442 is firstly extended to the longest so as to enable the first slide seat 621 to move backwards to the limit position relative to the fixed seat 61, and the primary feeding hydraulic cylinder 441 is extended to the longest so as to enable the second slide seat 622 to move backwards to the limit position relative to the first slide seat 621; the primary feed hydraulic cylinder 441 is gradually contracted to gradually move the second slider 622 forward to the limit position with respect to the first slider 621, and the secondary feed hydraulic cylinder 442 is gradually contracted to gradually move the first slider 621 forward to the limit position with respect to the fixed base 61. Thus, the secondary feeding is adopted, so that the drilling machine 63 realizes the large-stroke feeding, and the maximum drilling depth of the drilling machine 63 is increased.
On the basis, the drilling machine body further comprises a front support sliding sleeve 661, a front support sliding rod 662, a front support plate 663, a front support hydraulic cylinder 664, a rear support sliding sleeve 671, a rear support sliding rod 672, a rear support plate 673 and a rear support hydraulic cylinder 674.
A front supporting sliding sleeve 661 is disposed at the front end of the fixed seat 61, a front supporting sliding rod 662 is slidably connected in the front supporting sliding sleeve 661, the front supporting sliding rod 662 can move relative to the front supporting sliding sleeve 661, a front supporting plate 663 is disposed at the tail end of the front supporting sliding rod 662, and a front supporting hydraulic cylinder 664 is connected between the front end of the fixed seat 61 and the front supporting plate 663. The front support hydraulic cylinder 664 extends to drive the front support slide rod 662 to move forward relative to the front support slide sleeve 661, so that the front support plate 663 moves forward relative to the fixed seat 61.
Wherein, the left and right sides of the front end of the fixed seat 61 are both provided with front supporting sliding sleeves 661, and each front supporting sliding sleeve 661 is internally connected with a front supporting sliding rod 662 in a sliding manner. Spacing through preceding supporting sliding sleeve 661, the preceding slide bar 662 of supporting of both sides to keep steadily between preceding supporting plate 663 and the fixing base 61, alleviate rocking between the two, preceding supporting plate 663 upper end sets up drilling rod supporting seat 665, spacing hole leads spacing to drilling rod 631 on drilling rod supporting seat 665, in order to further improve the probing stability and the probing precision of rig 63.
The rear end of fixing base 61 sets up back support sliding sleeve 671, and back support slide bar 672 sliding connection is in back support sliding sleeve 671, and back support slide bar 672 can remove for back support sliding sleeve 671, and backup pad 673 is set up to the end of back support slide bar 672, connects back support hydraulic cylinder 674 between the rear end of fixing base 61 and back backup pad 673. The rear support hydraulic cylinder 674 expands to drive the rear support slide 672 rearward relative to the rear support slide 671, which moves the rear support plate 673 rearward relative to the mount 61.
Wherein, one of the left and right sides of the rear end of the fixing base 61 is provided with a rear support sliding sleeve 671, and a rear support hydraulic cylinder 674 is arranged at the other side. One side is limited by a rear support sliding sleeve 671 and a rear support sliding rod 672, and the other side is limited by a rear support hydraulic cylinder 674, so that the space between the rear support plate 673 and the fixed seat 61 is basically kept stable.
When the drilling mechanism a performs drilling work on one inner wall of the roadway, the front support plate 663 abuts against the one inner wall of the roadway, and the rear support plate 673 abuts against the other inner wall of the roadway. Drilling operation is carried out on the drilling machine 63 on the inner wall of one side of the drilling rod 631 facing the roadway, the drilling machine 63 is stably supported through the front supporting plate and the rear supporting plate in the drilling operation process, and stability and drilling accuracy of the drilling machine 63 in the drilling process are improved.
The upper end of preceding backup pad 663 sets up drilling rod supporting seat 665, sets up spacing hole on the drilling rod supporting seat 665, and drilling rod 631 passes spacing hole. In the drilling operation process, the spacing hole on the drilling rod supporting seat 665 realizes the direction spacing to the drilling rod 631.
The end surface of the front support plate 663 is provided with a plurality of support nails 6631, and when the front support plate 663 abuts against the inner wall of the roadway, the support nails 6631 are inserted into the inner wall so that the front support plate 663 is firmly connected with the inner wall of the roadway.
Up to this point, the present embodiment has been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. From the above description, those skilled in the art should clearly understand that the fully-mechanized excavating and drilling integrated machine is suitable for the underground end face of the mine. The invention relates to a fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and installing integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of a mine, which is characterized in that after a left crawler traveling assembly 721 and a right crawler traveling assembly 722 drive a frame 71 to travel to a drilling position, an end face drilling hydrographic drill hole and a blasting excavation drill hole are excavated towards the front of a roadway by a drilling mechanism A for exploring hydrographic geological conditions in front, and explosives are filled in the blasting excavation drill hole to detonate so as to break rock and soil of the excavation end face; the rock soil in front of the frame 71 is conveyed to the material pushing plate 74 by the raking mechanism 73, and the rock soil is conveyed to the rear side position of the frame 71 by the scraper conveying mechanism 75 and conveyed away by other conveying devices (such as a belt conveyor); after the drilling mechanism A completes the drilling operation of hydrological drilling and blasting drilling in front of the roadway, the drilling mechanism A drills and supports the drilled holes towards the top plate above the roadway and the left and right side walls to anchor, and therefore the heights of the mechanisms are matched in a coordinated mode, and the working efficiency is improved. In addition, the two drilling mechanisms A are arranged on the frame 71 of the all-in-one machine, so that the operation of the two drilling mechanisms A can be flexibly distributed, for example, one drilling mechanism A is used for drilling forward hydrological drilling and blasting drilling, and the other drilling mechanism A is used for drilling, supporting and anchoring the top plate and the left and right side walls.
The fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine can be positioned at a drilling position of a roadway end face on the frame 71, and the drilling mechanism A adjusts the rotation of the first rotary speed reducer 11 to drive the whole body of the drilling machine to rotate around the axis of the first rotary speed reducer 11 on the horizontal plane; the telescopic arm 31 is adjusted to stretch and retract to drive the whole drilling machine body to move forwards or backwards; adjusting the expansion of the pitching hydraulic cylinder 41 to drive the telescopic arm 31 to ascend or descend, and further drive the whole drilling machine body to ascend or descend; after the telescopic arm 31 is raised or lowered, the expansion and contraction of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder 42 are adjusted to enable the front arm 32 to be in a horizontal posture or other angle postures; adjusting the swing angle of the swing hydraulic cylinder 43 to drive the drilling machine body to swing at different angles relative to the swing hydraulic cylinder 43; adjusting the rotation of the second rotary speed reducer 12 to drive the drilling machine body to rotate around the axis of the second rotary speed reducer 12 relative to the swing support seat 33; in this way, the drilling mechanism A can rapidly switch the drilling angle of the drilling machine body towards the front, the back, the left, the right, the upper part and the oblique lower part to continue drilling, so as to improve the drilling efficiency. In addition, under the working condition of low roadway height, the drilling angle is difficult to switch by the conventional drilling mechanism, and the drilling mechanism A of the all-in-one machine is particularly suitable for being used under the working condition of low roadway height and can quickly switch the drilling angle.
The above-mentioned embodiments are intended to illustrate the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention in further detail, and it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are only exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A fully-mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of a mine comprises a frame, a left crawler walking assembly, a right crawler walking assembly, a drilling mechanism, a raking mechanism, a material pushing plate and a scraper conveying mechanism; the method is characterized in that:
the left side of the frame is provided with a left crawler belt walking assembly, and the right side of the frame is provided with a right crawler belt walking assembly; the left crawler belt walking assembly and the right crawler belt walking assembly drive the frame to go straight or turn;
the frame is provided with at least one drilling mechanism, and the drilling mechanism can switch drilling angles towards the front, the back, the left, the right, the upper part and the oblique lower part;
the upper end of the front side of the frame is provided with a raking mechanism;
a material pushing plate is arranged at the lower end of the front side of the frame;
the frame is provided with a scraper conveying mechanism, the scraper conveying mechanism extends along the front-back direction of the frame, one end of the scraper conveying mechanism is positioned at the position of the material pushing plate, and the other end of the scraper conveying mechanism is positioned at the rear side of the frame;
the rock soil in front of the frame can be conveyed to the material pushing plate by the material raking mechanism, and the rock soil is continuously conveyed to the rear side position of the frame by the scraper conveying mechanism.
2. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 1, wherein: the raking mechanism comprises a rotary disc, an arm support and a raking bucket, the rotary disc is rotatably connected to the upper end of the front side of the frame, the arm support is formed by sequentially hinging a plurality of arm rods, a raking hydraulic cylinder is connected between every two adjacent arm rods, the raking hydraulic cylinder stretches to drive the adjacent arm rods to swing, the arm rod at one end of the arm support is hinged to the rotary disc, and the arm rod at the other end of the arm support is connected with the raking bucket.
3. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the front side of the frame is hinged with the rear end of the material pushing plate, the front side of the frame is connected with the front end of the material pushing plate through a material pushing hydraulic cylinder, and the material pushing hydraulic cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the front end of the material pushing plate to lift up or fall down.
4. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 1, wherein: the drilling mechanism comprises a first rotary speed reducer, a first hydraulic motor, a telescopic arm, a front arm, a pitching hydraulic cylinder, a fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder, a swing hydraulic cylinder, a second rotary speed reducer, a second hydraulic motor and a drilling machine body;
the first rotary speed reducer is arranged on the frame, the power output end of the first hydraulic motor is in power connection with the input end of the first rotary speed reducer, and the output end of the first rotary speed reducer rotates around the axis of the first rotary speed reducer;
the upper end of the output end of the first rotary speed reducer is provided with a first upper hinge seat, and the lower end of the output end of the first rotary speed reducer is provided with a first lower hinge seat;
the telescopic arm comprises a fixed arm section and at least one telescopic arm section, and the telescopic arm section can extend or retract relative to the fixed arm section; the rear end of the fixed arm section is provided with a second rear hinge seat, a second lower hinge seat is arranged below the front end of the fixed arm section, and the front end of the telescopic arm section is provided with a second front hinge seat;
the rear end of the front arm is provided with a third hinge seat;
the second rear hinge seat is hinged with the first upper hinge seat, one end of the pitching hydraulic cylinder is hinged with the first lower hinge seat, the other end of the pitching hydraulic cylinder is hinged with the second lower hinge seat, and the second front hinge seat is hinged with the third hinge seat;
the front end of the telescopic arm section is provided with a fourth front hinge seat, and the rear end of the front arm is provided with a fourth rear hinge seat;
one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth front hinge seat, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth rear hinge seat;
the front end of the front arm is provided with a swing hydraulic cylinder, the swing hydraulic cylinder comprises a cylinder sleeve and a cylinder core, the cylinder sleeve is arranged at the front end of the front arm, the cylinder core can swing relative to the cylinder sleeve, and the cylinder core is provided with a swing supporting seat;
a second rotary speed reducer is arranged on the swing supporting seat, the power output end of the second hydraulic motor is in power connection with the input end of the second rotary speed reducer, and the output end of the second rotary speed reducer rotates around the axis of the second rotary speed reducer;
and the output end of the second rotary speed reducer is provided with a drilling machine body.
5. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 4, wherein: the drilling machine body comprises a fixed seat, a first sliding seat, a second sliding seat, a drilling machine, a primary feeding hydraulic cylinder and a secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder;
the fixed seat is arranged on the output end of the second rotary speed reducer;
the fixed seat is provided with a slide rail, and the slide rail is arranged along the extending direction of the fixed seat;
a slide bar is arranged on the first sliding seat, the slide bar is connected with a slide rail in a sliding manner, and the slide bar can move relative to the slide rail;
the first sliding seat is provided with a limiting sliding rod, and the limiting sliding rod is arranged along the extending direction of the first sliding seat;
the second sliding seat is provided with a limiting sliding sleeve, the limiting sliding rod is connected in the limiting sliding sleeve in a sliding manner, and the limiting sliding sleeve can move relative to the limiting sliding rod;
a drilling machine is arranged on the second sliding seat, and the arrangement direction of the drilling rods on the drilling machine is the same as the forward movement direction of the limiting sliding sleeve relative to the limiting sliding rod;
a primary feeding hydraulic cylinder is connected between the front end of the first sliding seat and the second sliding seat, and a secondary feeding hydraulic cylinder is connected between the rear end of the fixing seat and the rear end of the first sliding seat.
6. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 5, wherein: the drilling machine body further comprises a front support sliding sleeve, a front support sliding rod, a front support plate, a front support hydraulic cylinder, a rear support sliding sleeve, a rear support sliding rod, a rear support plate and a rear support hydraulic cylinder;
the front end of the fixed seat is provided with a front support sliding sleeve, the front support sliding rod is connected in the front support sliding sleeve in a sliding manner, the front support sliding rod can move relative to the front support sliding sleeve, the tail end of the front support sliding rod is provided with a front support plate, and a front support hydraulic cylinder is connected between the front end of the fixed seat and the front support plate;
the rear end of fixing base sets up the back and supports the sliding sleeve, back support slide bar sliding connection is in back support sliding sleeve, back support slide bar can remove for back support sliding sleeve, the backup pad is connected after the end of back support slide bar sets up, the back support pneumatic cylinder of being connected between the rear end of fixing base and the back backup pad.
7. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 6, wherein: the upper end of the front supporting plate is provided with a drill rod supporting seat, the drill rod supporting seat is provided with a limiting hole, and the drill rod penetrates through the limiting hole.
8. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 4, wherein: the rear end of the cylinder sleeve is provided with a bearing, and the cylinder core is exposed out of the front end of the cylinder sleeve; one end of the swing supporting seat is connected with the cylinder core, and the other end of the swing supporting seat is connected with the inner ring of the bearing; and the orthographic projection area of the swing supporting seat covers the cylinder sleeve.
9. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 4, wherein: the left side and the right side of the front end of the telescopic arm section are both provided with a fourth front hinge seat, and the left side and the right side of the rear end of the front arm are both provided with a fourth rear hinge seat;
one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth front hinged seat on the left side of the front end of the telescopic arm section, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth rear hinged seat on the left side of the rear end of the front arm;
one end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth front hinged seat on the right side of the front end of the telescopic arm section, and the other end of the fine adjustment hydraulic cylinder is hinged with a fourth rear hinged seat on the right side of the rear end of the front arm.
10. The fully mechanized excavating, drilling and loading integrated machine suitable for the underground end face of the mine according to claim 4, wherein: and a telescopic hydraulic cylinder is connected between the fixed arm section and the telescopic arm section, and the telescopic hydraulic cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the telescopic arm section to extend or retract relative to the fixed arm section.
CN202111000517.7A 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 Combine and dig brill dress all-in-one suitable for mine terminal surface in pit Pending CN113756713A (en)

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CN117536539A (en) * 2024-01-09 2024-02-09 山东科技大学 Drilling device and method for mine wall breaking exploitation

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CN117536539B (en) * 2024-01-09 2024-03-22 山东科技大学 Drilling device and method for mine wall breaking exploitation

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