CN113605724B - Automatic wall building equipment for building construction - Google Patents

Automatic wall building equipment for building construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113605724B
CN113605724B CN202110825509.XA CN202110825509A CN113605724B CN 113605724 B CN113605724 B CN 113605724B CN 202110825509 A CN202110825509 A CN 202110825509A CN 113605724 B CN113605724 B CN 113605724B
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plate
brick
plastering
frame
matched
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CN113605724A (en
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李伟
刘树威
罗政
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Shanghai Greenland Construction Group Co Ltd
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Shanghai Greenland Construction Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/22Tools or apparatus for setting building elements with mortar, e.g. bricklaying machines

Abstract

The invention discloses automatic wall building equipment for building construction, which comprises a bottom frame body, a height adjusting mechanism, a concrete mortar tank, a plastering mechanism, a brick conveying mechanism and an automatic feeding mechanism, wherein the bottom frame body is arranged at the bottom of the wall building equipment and is matched with a cross frame of a scaffold for use; when the brick joint masonry device is used, brick joint plastering and brick masonry can be realized through the plastering mechanism and the brick conveying mechanism, and the brick joint plastering and brick masonry device has the characteristics of high automation degree and construction efficiency and effectively saved labor cost.

Description

Automatic wall building equipment for building construction
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction equipment, in particular to automatic wall building equipment for building construction.
Background
Along with the rapid development of economy in China, the construction industry develops in a changing day and night, and meanwhile, higher requirements are put forward for the construction industry, which is mainly reflected in the requirements on cost saving and production efficiency improvement; however, at present, in the process of building and building a wall, the wall is mainly built by low-efficiency manual building; in the process of building a wall, bricks are sequentially and orderly stacked manually, the labor intensity is high, meanwhile, when a multi-storey building is built, workers need to climb a high place to build the multi-storey building, on one hand, the high-rise building is dangerous, on the other hand, when the existing manual works build a house at the high place, a plurality of workers need to be equipped to carry and distribute building materials, the working efficiency is low, and the labor cost is high; and the problems of slurry scattering and waste in the manual wall building process and the like are solved;
in order to save labor cost and improve working efficiency, the invention provides automatic wall building equipment for building construction.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the existing problems, the invention aims to provide automatic wall building equipment for building construction, the wall building equipment is symmetrically arranged on two sides of a wall body and is matched with a scaffold for building the wall body, when in use, a plastering mechanism and a brick conveying mechanism are used for plastering brickwork joints and building bricks, the plastering brickwork joints and the building bricks can be simultaneously realized, and the automatic wall building equipment has the characteristics of high automation degree and construction efficiency and effectively saved labor cost.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the automatic wall building equipment for building construction is symmetrically arranged on two sides of a wall body and is matched with a scaffold for building the wall body; the equipment of building a wall includes bottom support body, height adjusting mechanism, concrete mortar jar, plastering mechanism, fragment of brick conveying mechanism and automatic feeding mechanism, the bottom support body sets up in the bottom of the equipment of building a wall, uses with the crossbearer cooperation of scaffold, height adjusting mechanism sets up the upside at the bottom support body, and is provided with the base plate at height adjusting mechanism's top, concrete mortar jar, plastering mechanism, fragment of brick conveying mechanism and automatic feeding mechanism all set up on the base plate, and wherein concrete mortar jar sets up with plastering mechanism symmetry, just be provided with the frame plate on the base plate, plastering mechanism and fragment of brick conveying mechanism all set up on the frame plate, just fragment of brick conveying mechanism uses with automatic feeding mechanism cooperation, and plastering mechanism uses with the concrete mortar jar cooperation.
Preferably, the bottom side of the bottom frame body is provided with a hydraulic positioning column and a roller, the hydraulic positioning column is arranged on the inner side of the roller, and the hydraulic positioning column and the roller are matched with the scaffold cross frame for use; height adjusting mechanism includes pneumatic cylinder, hinge bar and connecting rod, the articulated setting on the bottom support body in bottom of the bottom of hinge bar, the top of one side hinge bar is connected with the base plate through the limiting plate that sets up in the base plate downside, and slides along the spacing groove side to side that sets up on the limiting plate, two liang of hinge bars of homonymy are a set of, connect through the connecting rod between two sets of hinge bars that the symmetry set up, the articulated setting of base of pneumatic cylinder is on the support body of bottom, and its piston end is connected with the connecting rod.
Preferably, the frame plate is a longitudinal vertical plate and comprises an L-shaped guide rod and a longitudinal vertical plate frame, the bottom of the longitudinal vertical plate frame is fixedly arranged on the base plate, the longitudinal vertical plate frame is provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs, a spacer net is arranged in a spacer frame between the reinforcing ribs and the side edge of the longitudinal vertical plate frame, the guide rod is arranged at the upper end of the longitudinal vertical plate frame, a first guide rail and a first guide rack are arranged on the inner side surface of the guide rod, and the first guide rack is arranged on two sides of the first guide rail and is matched with the plastering mechanism and the brick conveying mechanism.
Preferably, the end parts of the reinforcing rib plates of the longitudinal vertical plate frames of the two adjacent walling equipment are respectively provided with a counter-pulling hole, and the counter-pulling holes are matched with counter-pulling screws to connect the two adjacent walling equipment.
Preferably, plastering mechanism and fragment of brick conveying mechanism all include movable lever arm, connecting plate to and horizontal adjustment subassembly and vertical adjustment subassembly and the setting on the connecting plate, be provided with gib block and guide block on the connecting plate, wherein the gib block sets up the front side at the connecting plate, and is provided with the guide way in the gib block and uses with first guide rail cooperation, the guide block sets up the dorsal part at the connecting plate, and is provided with the guide slot on the gib block and uses with the second guide rail cooperation that sets up on movable lever arm.
Preferably, the horizontal adjusting assembly comprises a second motor and a first driving gear, the second motor is arranged at the back side of the connecting plate, a driving shaft of the second motor penetrates through the connecting plate to be connected with the first driving gear, the first driving gear is meshed with the first guide rack, and the second motor drives the movable lever arm to move in the horizontal direction; the vertical adjusting assembly comprises a first motor and a second driving gear, the first motor is installed on the front side of the connecting plate, a driving shaft of the first motor penetrates through the connecting plate to be connected with the second driving gear, and the second driving gear is meshed with a second rack arranged on the movable lever arm.
Preferably, the movable lever arm is of a hollow structure, a connecting sleeve is arranged in a cavity at the lower end of the movable lever arm, and the connecting sleeve is arranged in the cavity at the lower end of the movable lever arm through a bearing; still be provided with the rotation driving subassembly on the movable lever arm in the connecting sleeve outside, the rotation driving subassembly includes third motor and third drive gear, the third drive gear is installed on the drive shaft of third motor.
Preferably, a slurry pumping pipe is further arranged outside the movable lever arm of the plastering mechanism, one end of the slurry pumping pipe is embedded into concrete mortar in the inner cavity of the concrete mortar tank, the other end of the slurry pumping pipe is connected with a plastering assembly arranged at the lower end of the movable lever arm, and a pressure pump is further arranged on the slurry pumping pipe; the plastering assembly comprises a first inserted link, a fourth gear, a connecting block, a grouting pipe and a plastering plate, wherein the first inserted link is arranged at the center of the upper end of the connecting block and is matched with the connecting sleeve for use, the fourth gear is sleeved on the first inserted link and is matched with a third driving gear for use, the connecting block is a square connecting block, a shunting cavity is arranged in the connecting block, the upper end connecting part of the shunting cavity is connected with the end part of the grouting pipe, the lower end of the shunting cavity is parallelly provided with a plurality of grout outlets connected with the grouting pipe, and the grouting pipe is also provided with a control valve; the brushing pulp board is hinged to the bottom of the connecting block through a spring, and a plurality of scraping teeth are arranged on the brushing pulp board.
Preferably, the lower end of the movable lever arm of the brick conveying mechanism is further provided with a brick clamping assembly, the brick clamping assembly comprises a second inserted lever, a limiting box, a fifth gear, an electric telescopic rod and clamping pieces, the second inserted lever is arranged at the center of the upper end of the limiting box and is matched with the connecting sleeve for use, the fifth gear is sleeved on the second inserted lever and is matched with a third driving gear for use, the electric telescopic rods are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the limiting box, the end parts of the electric telescopic rods are connected with the clamping pieces, a clamping groove is formed between the two clamping pieces, and the clamping groove is matched with the bricks for use; the limiting box is a hollow box body, a vibration cylinder is further arranged in the limiting box, and a vibration pressing plate is further arranged at the end part of a piston rod of the vibration cylinder.
Preferably, the concrete mortar tank and the automatic feeding mechanism are fixed through symmetrically arranged support plates, the support plates are fixed at the end parts of the longitudinal vertical plate frames through bolts, and the plane of the support plates is higher than the masonry plane; the automatic feeding mechanism comprises a feeding plate, a feeding frame, a feeding motor and a conveying belt, wherein the feeding frame is fixed on a supporting plate, the feeding plate is arranged on the feeding frame and provided with a transmission groove, the conveying belt is arranged in the transmission groove through a transmission gear, and the feeding motor is connected with the transmission gear at one section of the conveying belt.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention discloses an automatic wall building device for building construction, which is improved in that:
(1) The invention designs automatic wall building equipment for building construction, which comprises a bottom frame body and a height adjusting mechanism, wherein a hydraulic positioning column and a roller are arranged on the bottom side of the bottom frame body; meanwhile, the height of the upper mechanism is adjusted by the height adjusting mechanism, so that the building of the wall body with different elevations at the same construction section is realized, the use is convenient and flexible, and the method is suitable for building the wall bodies with different elevations and different construction sections;
(2) When the plastering device is used, concrete mortar in the concrete mortar tank is pumped out through the pressure pump, then the concrete mortar is injected into the plastering assembly through the mortar pumping pipe, and is shunted through the shunt cavity, so that the concrete mortar discharged through the grouting pipe can flow onto the lower layer brick surface, then the air is sucked and evenly scraped through the scraping teeth of the plastering plate, and a plastering layer is formed on the lower layer brick surface, so that the upper layer bricks can be conveniently built; meanwhile, for filling the gaps among the bricks at the same elevation, the third motor drives the whole plastering assembly to rotate, so that the vertical plane where the grouting pipe is located is aligned with the brick gaps, concrete mortar is injected into the brick gaps, the brick gaps among the bricks at the same elevation are filled, the connection strength among the bricks of the wall is ensured, and the wall masonry quality is improved;
(3) When the brick clamping device is used, bricks are conveyed to a position aligned with a movable lever arm of the brick conveying mechanism through a conveying belt of the automatic feeding mechanism, then the movable lever arm is driven to move downwards through a first motor, the bricks are clamped through a clamping piece, the bricks are lifted through reverse rotation of the first motor, then the whole movable lever arm is driven to move horizontally through a second motor, the bricks are conveyed to the position of a wall body to be built, the movable lever arm is driven to move downwards through the first motor again, a third motor is rotated to drive a brick clamping component to rotate, and the bricks are rotated to be clamped into a corresponding wall surface layer in a required direction; the vibration pressing plate is pushed downwards through the vibration air cylinder, the brick blocks are vibrated and pressed, the brick blocks and the concrete mortar layer are compacted, the masonry quality is guaranteed, and the automatic wall building equipment has the advantages of being high in automation degree and construction efficiency and effectively saving labor cost.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the automatic walling equipment of the invention in use during building construction.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the automatic walling equipment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a left side view of the automatic walling equipment of the invention in the building construction process.
Fig. 4 is a left side view of the guide bar of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a left side view of a movable lever arm of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a right side view of the movable lever arm of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the lower structure of the plastering mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view of a plastering assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the brush board of the present invention.
Figure 10 is a left side elevation view in cross-section of a plastering assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the lower structure of the brick conveying mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view of the brick clamping assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the automatic feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Wherein: 1. wall, 11 bricks, 2 scaffolds, 3 bottom frame bodies, 31 hydraulic positioning columns, 32 rollers, 4 height adjusting mechanisms, 41 hydraulic cylinders, 42 hinge rods, 43 connecting rods, 5 concrete mortar tanks, 6 plastering mechanisms, 61 movable lever arms, 611 second guide rails, 612 connecting sleeves, 613 bearings, 614 pump mortar pipes, 615 second racks, 62 first motors, 621 second driving gears, 63 second motors, 631 first driving gears, 64 connecting plates, 641 guide bars, 642 guide blocks, 65 third motors, 651 third driving gears, 66 brick clamping components, 661 second inserting rods, 662 limiting boxes, 6621 vibration pressing plates, 6622, vibrating cylinder, 663, fifth gear, 664, electric telescopic rod, 665, clamping piece, 67, plastering component, 671, first inserted rod, 672, fourth gear, 673, connecting block, 674, diversion cavity, 675, grouting pipe, 676, control valve, 677, brushing board, 6771, scraping tooth, 678, fourth gear, 68, supporting board, 7, brick conveying mechanism, 8, frame board, 81, reinforcing rib plate, 82, opposite pulling screw, 83, guide rod, 831, first guide rail, 832, first guide rack, 84, longitudinal vertical board frame, 9, automatic feeding mechanism, 91, feeding board, 92, feeding frame, 93, feeding motor, 94, conveyor belt, 10 base plate, 101, limiting plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the following description will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-13, the automatic walling equipment for building construction is symmetrically arranged at two sides of a wall body 1, is connected through a split screw 81, is used in cooperation with a scaffold 2, and is installed on a cross arm of the scaffold 2 to build the wall body 1 when in use;
the equipment of building a wall includes bottom support body 3, height adjustment mechanism 4, concrete mortar jar 5, plastering mechanism 6, fragment of brick conveying mechanism 7 and automatic feeding mechanism 9, bottom support body 3 sets up in the bottom of the equipment of building a wall, uses with the crossbearer cooperation of scaffold frame 2, height adjustment mechanism 4 sets up the upside at bottom support body 3 for adjust the working height of this equipment, and is provided with base plate 10 at height adjustment mechanism 4's top, concrete mortar jar 5, plastering mechanism 6, fragment of brick conveying mechanism 7 and automatic feeding mechanism 9 all set up on base plate 10, and wherein concrete mortar jar 5 sets up with plastering mechanism 6 symmetry, sets up respectively at the both ends of base plate 10, and be provided with frame plate 8 on base plate 10, plastering mechanism 6 and fragment of brick conveying mechanism 7 all set up on frame plate 8, just conveying mechanism 7 uses with automatic feeding mechanism 9 cooperation, carries out transporting and building of fragment of brick and builds by laying bricks when building a wall, plastering mechanism 6 uses with concrete mortar jar 5 cooperation, carries out plastering and mortar ditch and mortar joint mortar to the fragment of brick.
Preferably, in order to facilitate the movement of the masonry equipment on the wall and masonry of the wall at different construction sections, a hydraulic positioning column 31 and a roller 32 are arranged at the bottom side of the bottom frame body 3, wherein the hydraulic positioning column 31 is arranged at the inner side of the roller 32, and the hydraulic positioning column 31 and the roller 32 are both matched with a cross frame of the scaffold 2 for use, namely, in the process of masonry of the wall, the whole equipment is supported by the hydraulic positioning column 31 to be positioned, so that the whole equipment is prevented from shaking in the masonry process, and the masonry quality of a brick body is ensured; after the construction of one section of construction section is accomplished, will hydraulic pressure reference column 31 is packed up for gyro wheel 32 contacts with the cross arm face of scaffold frame, then rotates through rolling motor drive gyro wheel 32, adjusts this position of building by laying bricks or stones equipment on the wall body, accomplishes the removal of this device, so that the wall body of different construction sections is built by laying bricks or stones.
Preferably, for the wall masonry that satisfies different construction elevation requirements on the same construction face, height adjusting mechanism 4 includes pneumatic cylinder 41, hinge rod 42 and connecting rod 43, the articulated setting in bottom support body 3 in bottom of hinge rod 42's bottom, and the top of one side hinge rod 42 is connected with base plate 10 through the limiting plate 101 that sets up in the base plate 10 downside, and when using, the removal tip of hinge rod 42 slides along setting up spacing groove 102 on limiting plate 101 from left to right, two liang of hinge rods 42 that are a set of homonymy, connect through connecting rod 43 between two sets of hinge rods 42 that the symmetry set up, the articulated setting of base of pneumatic cylinder 41 is on bottom support body 3, and its piston end is connected with connecting rod 43, and during the use, the height of base plate 10 is adjusted through the extension of pneumatic cylinder 41's piston rod to in order to adjust the working height of upper portion plastering mechanism 6 and fragment of brick conveying mechanism 7, satisfy the masonry requirement of different construction elevation walls on the same construction face.
Preferably, the frame plate 8 is a longitudinal vertical plate and includes an L-shaped guide bar 83 and a longitudinal vertical plate frame 84, the lower end of the longitudinal vertical plate frame 84 is fixedly disposed on the base plate 10, a plurality of reinforcing ribs 81 are disposed on the longitudinal vertical plate frame 84, a spacer is disposed in a spacer between the reinforcing ribs 81 and the side edge of the longitudinal vertical plate frame 84, the guide bar 83 is disposed at the upper end of the longitudinal vertical plate frame 84, a first guide rail 831 and a first guide rack 832 are disposed on the inner side surface of the guide bar 83, and the first guide rack 832 is disposed on two sides of the first guide rail 831 and is used in cooperation with the plastering mechanism 6 and the brick conveying mechanism 7.
Preferably, in order to connect two adjacent wall building devices on two sides of the wall body 1, opposite pulling holes are formed in the end parts of the reinforcing rib plates 81 of the longitudinal vertical plate frames 84 of the two adjacent wall building devices, the opposite pulling holes are matched with the opposite pulling screws 82 for use, and the two adjacent wall building devices are connected by the opposite pulling screws when in use; moreover, 1 plastering mechanism 6 and 1 brick conveying mechanism 7 are respectively arranged on the single longitudinal vertical plate frame 84, so that when two adjacent wall building devices on two sides of the wall body 1 are connected, two bricks can be completely built at the same time, and the building efficiency is improved; meanwhile, when only a single-layer brick is built, 1 piece of wall building equipment can be selected for building, or only the working switch of one piece of wall building equipment is turned on for building.
Preferably, each of the plastering mechanism 6 and the brick conveying mechanism 7 comprises a movable lever arm 61, a connecting plate 64, and a horizontal adjusting assembly and a vertical adjusting assembly which are arranged on the connecting plate 64, wherein a guide strip 641 and a guide block 642 are arranged on the connecting plate 64, the guide strip 641 is arranged on the front side of the connecting plate 64, and a guide groove is arranged in the guide strip 641, and the guide groove is matched with the first guide rail 831 for use, that is, in use, the first guide rail 831 is movably clamped in the guide groove to connect the connecting plate 64 with the guide lever 83; the guide block 642 is arranged on the back side of the connecting plate 64, a guide groove is arranged on the guide block 642, the guide groove is matched with a second guide rail 611 arranged on the movable lever arm 61 for use, and when in use, the second guide rail 611 is clamped into the guide groove of the guide block 642, so that the connection between the connecting plate 64 and the movable lever arm 61 is realized;
in order to adjust the horizontal and vertical positions of the movable lever arm 61, the horizontal adjusting assembly includes a second motor 63 and a first driving gear 631, the second motor 63 is mounted on the back side of the connecting plate 64, and the driving shaft thereof passes through the connecting plate 64 and is connected with the first driving gear 631, the first driving gear 631 is engaged with the first guide rack 832, that is, in use, the second motor 63 rotates to drive the first driving gear 631 to rotate, and the whole connecting plate 64 and the movable lever arm 61 are driven to move in the horizontal direction by the engaging force between the first driving gear 631 and the first guide rack 832, so as to perform plastering adjustment plastering and brick taking operations at different positions; the vertical adjusting assembly comprises a first motor 62 and a second driving gear 621, the first motor 62 is installed on the front side of the connecting plate 64, and the driving shaft of the first motor 62 passes through the connecting plate 64 to be connected with the second driving gear 621, the second driving gear 621 is meshed with a second rack bar 615 arranged on the movable lever arm 61, namely when the vertical adjusting assembly is used, the first motor 62 rotates to drive the second driving gear 621 to rotate, and the second driving gear 621 drives the movable lever arm 61 to move in the vertical direction through meshing force between the second driving gear 621 and the second rack bar 615, so that bricks with different heights of different elevations can be transported and plastered height can be adjusted.
Preferably, in order to facilitate the rotation of the lower mounting mechanism, the movable lever arm 61 is of a hollow structure, and a connecting sleeve 612 is arranged in a cavity at the lower end of the movable lever arm, and the connecting sleeve 612 is rotatably mounted in the cavity at the lower end of the movable lever arm 61 through a bearing 613; the movable lever arm 61 outside the connecting sleeve 612 is further provided with a rotary driving assembly, the rotary driving assembly comprises a third motor 65 and a third driving gear 651, the third driving gear 651 is mounted on a driving shaft of the third motor 65, and the third driving gear 651 is driven to rotate by the third motor 65.
Preferably, for the convenience of grouting and plastering on the surface of the brick 11 and the brick joint, the movable lever arm 61 outside of the plastering mechanism 6 is further provided with a slurry pumping pipe 614, one end of the slurry pumping pipe 614 is buried in the concrete mortar in the inner cavity of the concrete mortar tank 5, and for preventing the concrete mortar from being solidified and separated, the concrete mortar tank 5 is further internally provided with a stirring mechanism for stirring the concrete mortar, the other end of the slurry pumping pipe 614 is connected with a plastering component 67 arranged at the lower end of the movable lever arm 61, and the slurry pumping pipe 614 is further provided with a pressure pump for pumping the concrete mortar.
Preferably, the plastering assembly 67 comprises a first inserting rod 671, a fourth gear 678, a connecting block 673, a grouting pipe 675 and a plastering plate 677, wherein the first inserting rod 671 is arranged at the center of the upper end of the connecting block 673 and is used in cooperation with the connecting sleeve 612, that is, in use, the first inserting rod 671 is inserted into the connecting sleeve 612 for fixation, so that the movable lever arm 61 is connected with the plastering assembly 67, and the fourth gear 678 is sleeved on the first inserting rod 671 and is engaged with the third driving gear 651 after the installation is completed, that is, the plastering assembly 67 is driven to rotate by the third motor 65; the connecting block 673 is a square connecting block, a shunt cavity 674 is arranged in the connecting block 673, a connecting part at the upper end of the shunt cavity 674 is connected with the end part of a slurry pumping pipe 614, concrete mortar is shunted by the shunt cavity 674, a plurality of slurry outlets are arranged at the lower end of the shunt cavity 674 in parallel and are connected with a grouting pipe 675, the shunted concrete mortar is laid on the upper surface layer of the brick 11 by the grouting pipe 675, in addition, a control valve 676 is also arranged on the grouting pipe 675, the slurry brushing plate 677 is hinged and arranged at the bottom of the connecting block 673 through a spring 672, a plurality of scraping teeth 6771 are arranged on the slurry brushing plate 677, when in use, the concrete mortar laid on the brick 11 is scraped uniformly by the scraping teeth 6771, so that the plastering between contact surfaces of masonry bricks is uniform, and the masonry of bricks on the upper layer is facilitated; simultaneously for filling a ditch to the brickwork joint between the fragment of brick 11 on the same elevation, through driving whole subassembly 67 that plasters at third motor 65 and rotating for grouting pipe 614 place vertical plane aligns with the brickwork joint, pours into the concrete mortar into the brickwork joint, realizes that the brickwork joint between the fragment of brick 11 on the same elevation carries out the filling a ditch, guarantees the joint strength between the wall body fragment of brick, improves wall body masonry quality.
Preferably, in order to facilitate transportation and masonry of the bricks 11, a brick clamping assembly 66 is further arranged at the lower end of the movable lever arm 61 of the brick conveying mechanism 7, the brick clamping assembly 66 comprises a second insertion rod 661, a limiting box 662, fifth gears 663, electric telescopic rods 664 and clamping pieces 665, the second insertion rod 661 is arranged at the center of the upper end of the limiting box 662 and is used in cooperation with the connecting sleeve 612, namely, the second insertion rod 661 is inserted into the connecting sleeve 612 at the lower end of the movable lever arm 61 of the brick conveying mechanism 7 to realize connection of the movable lever arm 61 of the brick conveying mechanism 7 and the brick clamping assembly 66, the fifth gears 663 are sleeved on the second insertion rod 661 and are meshed with the third driving gear 651 after connection of the movable lever arm 61 and the brick clamping assembly 66, the electric telescopic rods 664 are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the limiting box, the end portions of the electric telescopic rods are connected with the clamping pieces 665, a clamping groove is formed between the two clamping pieces, the clamping groove is used in cooperation with the brick 11, namely, when in use, the brick clamping groove is adjusted by extension and the expansion of the electric telescopic rods 664, the brick clamping position is needed for clamping brick clamping the brick 11, and the brick clamping position is processed and the brick wall body is processed; in order to meet the requirement of cross arrangement of the bricks 11 when the wall is built, the third motor 65 is rotated to drive the brick clamping assembly 66 to rotate, so that the bricks 11 are rotated to be clamped into the corresponding wall surface layer in a required direction, and the direction of the bricks is the same as the direction of building;
preferably, in order to facilitate the building process of the brick blocks, the brick blocks 22 are vibrated and pressed, so that the brick blocks are fully contacted with a plastering layer, the building quality is guaranteed, the limiting box 662 is designed to be a hollow box body, a vibration cylinder 6622 is arranged in the limiting box 662, a vibration pressing plate 6621 is further arranged at the end part of a piston rod of the vibration cylinder 6622, and after the brick blocks are placed, the vibration cylinder 6622 drives the vibration pressing plate 6621 to move to vibrate and press the brick blocks 11, so that the brick blocks 11 are compacted with a concrete mortar layer, and the building quality is guaranteed.
Preferably, in order to ensure continuous supply of concrete mortar and bricks 11 and not to affect the masonry process, the concrete mortar tank 5 and the automatic feeding mechanism 9 are fixed by symmetrically arranged support plates 68, the plane of the support plates 68 is higher than the masonry plane, and the support plates 68 are fixed at the ends of the longitudinal vertical plate frames 84 by bolts.
Preferably, in order to continuously supply the bricks 11, the automatic feeding mechanism 9 includes a feeding plate 91, a feeding frame 92, a feeding motor 93 and a conveying belt 94, the feeding frame 92 is fixed on the supporting plate 68, the feeding plate 91 is arranged on the feeding frame 92, a transmission groove is formed in the feeding plate 91, the conveying belt 94 is arranged in the transmission groove through a transmission gear, the feeding motor 93 is connected with the transmission gear at one end, the conveying belt 94 is driven to rotate through the feeding motor 93, the bricks 11 are transported, and the bricks can be conveniently grabbed by the brick clamping assembly 66.
Preferably, the hydraulic positioning column 31, the roller 32, the hydraulic cylinder 41, the first motor 62, the second motor 63, the third motor 65, the vibration cylinder 6622, the electric telescopic rod 664 and the feeding motor 93 are controlled by a control system to operate.
The use process and the use principle of the automatic walling equipment for building construction comprise the following steps:
(1) Firstly, in the autonomous initial stage of the wall, the ground on the two sides of the wall is hardened or scaffolds are erected, the automatic wall building equipment is installed on the two sides of the wall 1 and is connected with a tension screw 82, concrete mortar is added into a concrete mortar tank 5 or the concrete mortar tank 5 is connected with a concrete mortar stirring mechanism by a grouting pipe, meanwhile, an automatic feeding mechanism 9 is opened, and the automatic feeding mechanism is connected with an external conveying mechanism or is used for manual feeding, so that uninterrupted feeding is carried out;
(2) Then, the rolling motor drives the roller 32 to rotate, the position of the masonry equipment on a wall body is adjusted, the movement of the device is completed, and after the masonry equipment moves to a construction section, the whole equipment is supported by the hydraulic positioning column 31 to be positioned; then the switch of the hydraulic cylinder 41 is opened to adjust the height of the device,
(3) Simultaneously turning on switches of the first motor 62, the second motor 63, the third motor 65, the electric telescopic rod, the vibration cylinder 6622 and the feeding motor 93 to enable the brick conveying mechanism 7 and the plastering mechanism 6 to work, performing surface plastering, brick joint filling, brick masonry, compaction and other work on the bricks 11, and moving the device again for masonry after the wall masonry of a construction section is completed;
note that: in the process of building a wall body by a low elevation-high elevation, the height of the wall building equipment is adjusted in two ways: one is self-adjustment, namely, the support plate 68 is tightly pressed on the upper surface of the built wall body by contracting the height adjusting mechanism 4, the bottom frame body 3 is folded, then the hydraulic positioning column 31 and the roller 32 are contacted with the cross arm plate of the scaffold 2 again after the height adjustment of the scaffold is finished, and finally the working height is adjusted again by the height adjusting mechanism 4; the other is to adjust the scaffold 2 so that the cross arm plate is inclined, and the overall working height is adjusted by the climbing and rolling of the rollers 32.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and such changes and modifications are within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides an automatic equipment of building a wall for construction which characterized in that: the wall building equipment is symmetrically arranged on two sides of the wall body (1) and is matched with the scaffold (2) for use, so that the wall body (1) is built; the wall building equipment comprises a bottom frame body (3), a height adjusting mechanism (4), a concrete mortar tank (5), a plastering mechanism (6), a brick conveying mechanism (7) and an automatic feeding mechanism (9), wherein the bottom frame body (3) is arranged at the bottom of the wall building equipment and is matched with a cross frame of a scaffold (2) for use, the height adjusting mechanism (4) is arranged at the upper side of the bottom frame body (3), a base plate (10) is arranged at the top of the height adjusting mechanism (4), the concrete mortar tank (5), the plastering mechanism (6), the brick conveying mechanism (7) and the automatic feeding mechanism (9) are all arranged on the base plate (10), the concrete mortar tank (5) and the plastering mechanism (6) are symmetrically arranged, a frame plate (8) is arranged on the base plate (10), the plastering mechanism (6) and the brick conveying mechanism (7) are both arranged on the frame plate (8), the brick conveying mechanism (7) is matched with the automatic feeding mechanism (9) for use, and the plastering mechanism (6) is matched with the concrete mortar tank (5) for use;
the frame plate (8) is a longitudinal vertical plate and comprises an L-shaped guide rod (83) and a longitudinal vertical plate frame (84), the bottom of the longitudinal vertical plate frame (84) is fixedly arranged on the base plate (10), a plurality of reinforcing ribs (81) are arranged on the longitudinal vertical plate frame (84), a partition net is arranged in a partition frame between the reinforcing ribs (81) and the side edge of the longitudinal vertical plate frame (84), the guide rod (83) is arranged at the upper end of the longitudinal vertical plate frame (84), a first guide rail (831) and a first guide rack (832) are arranged on the inner side surface of the guide rod (83), and the first guide rack (832) is arranged on two sides of the first guide rail (831) and is matched with the plastering mechanism (6) and the brick conveying mechanism (7) for use;
the plastering mechanism (6) and the brick conveying mechanism (7) comprise a movable lever arm (61), a connecting plate (64), and a horizontal adjusting assembly and a vertical adjusting assembly which are arranged on the connecting plate (64), wherein a guide strip (641) and a guide block (642) are arranged on the connecting plate (64), the guide strip (641) is arranged on the front side of the connecting plate (64), a guide groove is formed in the guide strip (641) and is matched with a first guide rail (831), the guide block (642) is arranged on the back side of the connecting plate (64), and a guide groove is formed in the guide block (642) and is matched with a second guide rail (611) arranged on the movable lever arm (61);
the horizontal adjusting assembly comprises a second motor (63) and a first driving gear (631), the second motor (63) is installed on the back side of the connecting plate (64), the driving shaft of the second motor penetrates through the connecting plate (64) to be connected with the first driving gear (631), the first driving gear (631) is meshed with the first guide rack (832), and the movable lever arm (61) is driven by the second motor (63) to move in the horizontal direction; the vertical adjusting assembly comprises a first motor (62) and a second driving gear (621), the first motor (62) is installed on the front side of the connecting plate (64), the driving shaft of the first motor passes through the connecting plate (64) to be connected with the second driving gear (621), and the second driving gear (621) is meshed with a second rack (615) arranged on the movable lever arm (61);
a slurry pumping pipe (614) is further arranged on the outer side of the movable lever arm (61) of the plastering mechanism (6), one end of the slurry pumping pipe (614) is embedded into concrete mortar in the inner cavity of the concrete mortar tank (5), the other end of the slurry pumping pipe is connected with a plastering assembly (67) arranged at the lower end of the movable lever arm (61), and a pressure pump is further arranged on the slurry pumping pipe (614); the plastering assembly (67) comprises a first inserting rod (671), a fourth gear (678), a connecting block (673), a grouting pipe (675) and a plastering plate (677), wherein the first inserting rod (671) is arranged at the center of the upper end of the connecting block (673) and is matched with the connecting sleeve (612) for use, the fourth gear (678) is sleeved on the first inserting rod (671) and is matched with a third driving gear (651) for use, the connecting block (673) is a square connecting block, a flow dividing cavity (674) is arranged in the connecting block (673), the upper end connecting part of the flow dividing cavity (674) is connected with the end part of the slurry pumping pipe (614), a plurality of slurry outlets are arranged in parallel at the lower end of the flow dividing cavity and are connected with the grouting pipe (675), and a control valve (676) is further arranged on the grouting pipe (675); the brushing plate (677) is hinged to the bottom of the connecting block (673) through a spring (672), and a plurality of scraping teeth (6771) are arranged on the brushing plate (677);
the brick clamping assembly (66) is further arranged at the lower end of a movable lever arm (61) of the brick conveying mechanism (7), the brick clamping assembly (66) comprises a second insertion rod (661), a limiting box (662), a fifth gear (663), an electric telescopic rod (664) and clamping pieces (665), the second insertion rod (661) is arranged in the center of the upper end of the limiting box (662) and is matched with a connecting sleeve (612) for use, the fifth gear (663) is sleeved on the second insertion rod (661) and is matched with a third driving gear (651) for use, the electric telescopic rods (664) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the limiting box (662), the end portions of the electric telescopic rods are connected with the clamping pieces (665), a clamping groove is formed between the two clamping pieces (665), and the clamping groove is matched with the brick (11) for use; spacing box (662) are hollow box body, and still be provided with vibrating cylinder (6622) in spacing box (662), vibrating cylinder (6622)'s piston rod end portion still is provided with vibration clamp plate (6621).
2. The automatic walling equipment for building construction according to claim 1, wherein: the hydraulic positioning column (31) and the roller (32) are arranged on the bottom side of the bottom frame body (3), the hydraulic positioning column (31) is arranged on the inner side of the roller (32), and the hydraulic positioning column (31) and the roller (32) are matched with a cross frame of the scaffold (2) for use; height adjusting mechanism (4) include pneumatic cylinder (41), hinge bar (42) and connecting rod (43), the articulated setting in bottom support body (3) in bottom of hinge bar (42), the top of one side hinge bar (42) is connected with base plate (10) through limiting plate (101) that sets up in base plate (10) downside, and along setting up spacing groove (102) horizontal slip on limiting plate (101), the homonymy hinge bar (42) two liang are a set of, connect through connecting rod (43) between two sets of hinge bars (42) that the symmetry set up, the articulated setting in bottom support body (3) of base of pneumatic cylinder (41), and its piston end is connected with connecting rod (43).
3. The automatic walling equipment for building construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: opposite pulling holes are formed in the end parts of the reinforcing rib plates (81) of the longitudinal vertical plate frames (84) of two adjacent wall building devices, and the opposite pulling holes are matched with the opposite pulling screws (82) for use to connect the two adjacent wall building devices.
4. The automatic walling equipment for building construction according to claim 1, wherein: the movable lever arm (61) is of a hollow structure, a connecting sleeve (612) is arranged in a cavity at the lower end of the movable lever arm, and the connecting sleeve (612) is arranged in the cavity at the lower end of the movable lever arm (61) through a bearing (613); and a rotary driving assembly is further arranged on the movable lever arm (61) on the outer side of the connecting sleeve (612), the rotary driving assembly comprises a third motor (65) and a third driving gear (651), and the third driving gear (651) is mounted on a driving shaft of the third motor (65).
5. The automatic walling equipment for building construction according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the concrete mortar tank (5) and the automatic feeding mechanism (9) are fixed through symmetrically arranged support plates (68), the support plates (68) are fixed at the end parts of longitudinal vertical plate frames (84) through bolts, and the plane where the support plates (68) are located is higher than a masonry plane; the automatic feeding mechanism (9) comprises a feeding plate (91), a feeding frame (92), a feeding motor (93) and a conveying belt (94), the feeding frame (92) is fixed on the supporting plate (68), the feeding plate (91) is arranged on the feeding frame (92), a transmission groove is formed in the feeding plate (91), the conveying belt (94) is installed in the transmission groove through a transmission gear, and the feeding motor (93) is connected with the transmission gear at one section of the conveying belt (94).
CN202110825509.XA 2021-07-21 2021-07-21 Automatic wall building equipment for building construction Active CN113605724B (en)

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CN113605724B true CN113605724B (en) 2022-12-27

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101956462A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-01-26 王恒 Walling machine
CN103104087A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-05-15 黄志超 Handheld plastering device for wall and ceiling
CN204850503U (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-09 贾忠涛 Automatic machine of building a wall
CN205777362U (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-12-07 黎思幸 Mortar plastering Slicking apparatus
CN112610004A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-04-06 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Wall masonry auxiliary device
CN113137076A (en) * 2021-03-30 2021-07-20 马鞍山市新丰建筑安装有限公司 Building construction method based on whole wall stacking and stacking equipment thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101956462A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-01-26 王恒 Walling machine
CN103104087A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-05-15 黄志超 Handheld plastering device for wall and ceiling
CN204850503U (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-09 贾忠涛 Automatic machine of building a wall
CN205777362U (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-12-07 黎思幸 Mortar plastering Slicking apparatus
CN112610004A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-04-06 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Wall masonry auxiliary device
CN113137076A (en) * 2021-03-30 2021-07-20 马鞍山市新丰建筑安装有限公司 Building construction method based on whole wall stacking and stacking equipment thereof

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