CN113352163A - Furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface polishing device and method - Google Patents

Furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface polishing device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113352163A
CN113352163A CN202110801910.XA CN202110801910A CN113352163A CN 113352163 A CN113352163 A CN 113352163A CN 202110801910 A CN202110801910 A CN 202110801910A CN 113352163 A CN113352163 A CN 113352163A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
polishing
dust
roller
motor
cutting surface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202110801910.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王德军
王准
张云
刘兴旺
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lingbi Dejun Furniture Manufacturing Co ltd
Original Assignee
Lingbi Dejun Furniture Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lingbi Dejun Furniture Manufacturing Co ltd filed Critical Lingbi Dejun Furniture Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority to CN202110801910.XA priority Critical patent/CN113352163A/en
Publication of CN113352163A publication Critical patent/CN113352163A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0039Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices
    • B01D46/0041Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices for feeding
    • B01D46/0045Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices for feeding by using vanes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/42Auxiliary equipment or operation thereof
    • B01D46/48Removing dust other than cleaning filters, e.g. by using collecting trays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/04Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor for grinding plane surfaces
    • B24B21/12Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor for grinding plane surfaces involving a contact wheel or roller pressing the belt against the work
    • B24B21/14Contact wheels; Contact rollers; Belt supporting rolls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/18Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/02Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B53/00Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces
    • B24B53/10Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces of travelling flexible backings coated with abrasives; Cleaning of abrasive belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • B24B55/08Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines specially designed for belt grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/07Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor involving a stationary work-table
    • B24B7/08Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor involving a stationary work-table having an abrasive wheel built in
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/20Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • B24B7/28Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground for grinding wood

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of furniture manufacturing, and aims to solve the problems that when a wood board cutting surface is polished at present, the wood board cutting surface is polished by a manual polishing tool, the polishing efficiency is low, slippage is easy to occur in the wood board polishing process, and the polishing efficiency and the polishing effect are not easy to improve; the wood board cutting device is multifunctional, good in using effect, capable of preventing the wood board from sliding in the cutting surface polishing process by arranging the guiding clamping assembly, and beneficial to improvement of polishing efficiency and polishing effect.

Description

Furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface polishing device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of furniture manufacturing, in particular to a device and a method for polishing a cut surface of a wood board for furniture manufacturing.
Background
Furniture refers to a large variety of essential appliances and facilities for maintaining normal life, engaging in production practice and developing social activities, the furniture is continuously developed and innovated following the steps of the times, the furniture is various in door types and different in material, and is an important basis for establishing working and living spaces, the furniture is generally made of wood boards, the wood boards are generally required to be cut in the manufacturing process of the furniture, and after the cutting is finished, the cutting surfaces of the wood boards are required to be polished to remove burrs, so that the cutting surfaces of the wood boards are kept smooth;
at present, when a cutting surface of a wood board is polished, the cutting surface of the wood board is polished little by generally manually holding a polishing tool, so that the polishing efficiency is low, time and labor are wasted, the wood board is generally required to be pressed by hands to prevent the wood board from sliding in the polishing process, the polishing efficiency and the polishing effect are not beneficial to improvement, and in the polishing process, wood dust is diffused in the nearby environment, so that the wood dust can not only bring harm to the health of operators, but also can generate dust explosion or cause fire when encountering a fire source, and has potential safety hazards;
in view of the above technical drawbacks, a solution is proposed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a device and a method for polishing a wood board cutting surface for furniture manufacturing, wherein the wood board is effectively fixed by arranging a guide clamping assembly, the wood board is prevented from sliding in the polishing process of the cutting surface to be unfavorable for polishing, the polishing efficiency and the polishing effect are improved, the whole cutting surface can be repeatedly polished at the same time by arranging the cutting surface polishing assembly, the cutting surface of the wood board is not required to be polished by manpower little by little, the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency are further improved, the surface of the wood board is subjected to coarse grinding, fine grinding and polishing by a coarse grinding roller, a fine grinding roller and a polishing roller, the polishing device can polish the cutting surface of the wood board, can also polish the surface of the wood board, has various functions, can absorb and treat wood dust gas generated in the polishing process, and is favorable for avoiding potential safety hazards caused by the diffusion of the wood dust, the problem of at present when polishing the plank cutting plane, generally carry out a bit polishing to the cutting plane of plank through artifical handheld grinding tool, the inefficiency of polishing, waste time and energy to generally need press down the plank in order to prevent to polish in-process plank and take place to slide through the hand, also do not benefit to the improvement efficiency of polishing and the effect of polishing, in the in-process of polishing, wooden dust is filled in near environment in addition, has the potential safety hazard is solved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a wood cutting surface polishing device for furniture manufacturing comprises an operating table, a first horizontal plate and supporting columns, wherein the supporting columns are symmetrically arranged on one side of the top of the operating table, the first horizontal plate is horizontally arranged above the operating table, the top ends of the supporting columns are fixedly connected with the first horizontal plate through bolts, a first electric telescopic rod is installed at the bottom of the first horizontal plate, the bottom end of the first electric telescopic rod is connected with a cutting surface polishing assembly, a first dust collection cover is fixedly installed on the operating table through bolts, a second dust collection pipe is installed at the bottom of the first dust collection cover, the first dust collection cover is located right below the cutting surface polishing assembly, and a control valve is arranged on the second dust collection pipe;
the cutting surface polishing assembly comprises a fixed plate, vertical plates, rotating rollers, a transmission belt, a polishing belt, a cleaning box, brush rollers, a first dust absorption pipe and a first motor, wherein the fixed plate is horizontally arranged and connected with a first electric telescopic rod, the bottom of the fixed plate is symmetrically provided with the vertical plates, an upper group of rotating rollers and a lower group of rotating rollers are rotatably arranged between the two groups of vertical plates through bearings, the first motor is fixedly arranged on one group of vertical plates through a motor base, the output end of the first motor is connected with one group of rotating rollers, the transmission belt is in transmission connection with the two groups of rotating rollers, the outer surface of the transmission belt is provided with the polishing belt, the cleaning box is fixedly connected with the two groups of fixed plates through bolts, openings for the transmission belt to pass through are respectively formed in the top and the bottom of the cleaning box, a plurality of groups of brush rollers are rotatably arranged in the cleaning box through the bearings, and bristles are arranged on the outer peripheral surfaces of the brush rollers, the peripheral surface of the brush roller is contacted with the polishing belt, a first dust absorption pipe is arranged on the cleaning box, and a control valve is arranged on the first dust absorption pipe;
the guide clamping assembly is arranged on the operating platform and comprises a guide clamping plate, a second motor, a bidirectional screw rod, a moving block and a limiting guide groove, the limiting guide groove is longitudinally formed in the top of the operating platform, the bidirectional screw rod is rotatably installed in the limiting guide groove through a bearing, the second motor is fixedly installed on the operating platform through a motor base, the output end of the second motor is connected with the bidirectional screw rod, the guide clamping plate is symmetrically arranged on the operating platform, the moving block is installed at the bottom of the guide clamping plate in a two-group mode, and the moving block is located in the limiting guide groove and in threaded connection with the bidirectional screw rod.
Furthermore, a fixed box is fixedly installed at the bottom of the operating platform through bolts, a dust removal cavity, an exhaust cavity and a dust collection cavity are formed in the fixed box, the exhaust cavity and the dust collection cavity are located below the dust removal cavity and are respectively communicated with the dust removal cavity, a filter plate is obliquely arranged in the dust removal cavity, the exhaust cavity and the dust collection cavity are located on two sides of the filter plate, and the first dust suction pipe and the second dust suction pipe are respectively communicated with the dust removal cavity;
the outer wall of fixed case has the fourth motor through motor cabinet fixed mounting, the output horizontal installation of fourth motor has the transmission shaft, rotate through the bearing in the exhaust chamber and install first pivot, the transmission shaft passes through bevel gear and is connected with first pivot transmission, the vertical setting of first pivot, and the top fixed mounting of first pivot has the flabellum, the exhaust chamber passes through gas vent and external intercommunication.
Furthermore, a second rotating shaft is rotatably installed in the dust collection cavity through a bearing, the second rotating shaft extends into the exhaust cavity, the first rotating shaft is in meshed transmission connection with the second rotating shaft through a bevel gear, a spiral conveying blade is fixedly installed on the second rotating shaft, and the dust collection cavity is communicated with the outside.
Further, a guide rod is fixedly installed in the exhaust cavity, a movable block is arranged in the exhaust cavity, an insertion groove with a downward opening is formed in the movable block, the guide rod is upwards inserted into the insertion groove, a half gear is fixedly installed on the transmission shaft, a rack is fixedly installed on the movable block through a bolt, and the rack is vertically arranged and is meshed with the half gear; the dust removal device is characterized in that a pull rope is arranged at the top of the movable block, the other end of the pull rope extends into the dust removal cavity and is connected with a knocking rod, a buffer ball is fixedly mounted at the other end of the knocking rod, a guide sliding block is fixedly mounted at the top of the knocking rod through a bolt, a limiting rod is transversely arranged in the dust removal cavity, the guide sliding block is connected with the limiting rod in a sliding mode, a second spring is sleeved on the limiting rod, and the second spring is connected with the guide sliding block and a fixed box.
Furthermore, three groups of strip-shaped openings are formed in the operating platform, a coarse grinding roller, a fine grinding roller and a polishing roller are rotatably mounted on the operating platform through bearings, the coarse grinding roller, the fine grinding roller and the polishing roller are located in the corresponding strip-shaped openings, the fine grinding roller is located between the coarse grinding roller and the polishing roller, the polishing roller is located on one side close to a cutting surface polishing assembly, and arc-shaped openings matched with the coarse grinding roller, the fine grinding roller and the polishing roller are formed in the bottom of the guide clamping plate;
there is the third motor through motor cabinet fixed mounting on the operation panel, the output and the corase grind roller of third motor are connected, the corase grind roller passes through chain drive with fine grinding roller, fine grinding roller passes through chain drive with the polishing roller, there is the second horizontal plate through bolt fixed mounting on the support column, the second horizontal plate is located the top of operation panel, the bottom fixed mounting of second horizontal plate has second electric telescopic handle, the clamp plate is installed to second electric telescopic handle's bottom.
Furthermore, the bottom of the pressing plate is uniformly provided with ball grooves, the bottom of the pressing plate is provided with balls in a rolling mode through the ball grooves, and two thirds of the balls are located in the ball grooves.
Furthermore, the bottom fixed mounting of operation panel has the second dust absorption cover, the third dust absorption pipe is installed to the bottom of second dust absorption cover, the other end intercommunication dust removal chamber of third dust absorption pipe, and be equipped with the control valve on the third dust absorption pipe.
Further, a connecting plate is fixedly installed between the two sets of vertical plates through bolts, an upper set of strip-shaped block and a lower set of strip-shaped block are installed on the connecting plate, each set of strip-shaped block is symmetrically provided with connecting mechanisms, a pressing roller is arranged between the two sets of connecting mechanisms and abuts against the inner surface of a transmission belt, and the contact position of the wood plate and the grinding belt is located between the two sets of pressing rollers.
Further, coupling mechanism includes a spacing section of thick bamboo, movable rod, first spring and stopper, a spacing section of thick bamboo transversely sets up and passes through bolt and bar piece fixed connection, it rotates with the movable rod to support the compression roller to be connected, the movable rod extends into in the spacing section of thick bamboo and is connected with the stopper, first spring fixed mounting in a spacing section of thick bamboo and with stopper fixed connection.
The invention also provides a using method of the wood board cutting surface polishing device for furniture manufacturing, which comprises the following steps:
s1, starting a first electric telescopic rod, and enabling the cutting surface grinding assembly to descend by the first electric telescopic rod until the middle part of the grinding belt and the top end surface of the operating platform are in the same horizontal plane;
s2, manually horizontally placing the wood board to be polished on an operation table, enabling the cutting surface of the wood board to abut against the polishing belt, and enabling the contact position of the wood board and the polishing belt to be located between the two groups of abutting-pressing rollers;
s3, starting a second motor, enabling the bidirectional screw rod to rotate by the second motor, and enabling the two groups of moving blocks to move in opposite directions until the two groups of guide clamping plates clamp the wood board;
s4, starting a first motor, wherein the first motor enables one group of rotating rollers to rotate, and enables the other group of rotating rollers to synchronously rotate under the action of a transmission belt;
s5, the polishing belt moves along with the transmission belt, the polishing belt polishes the cut surface of the wood board, in the polishing process, the brush roller brushes sundries on the outer surface of the polishing belt to avoid the influence on the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency caused by the fact that the outer surface of the polishing belt is full of sundries, and wood dust generated in the polishing process and the cleaning brushing process is discharged through the first dust suction pipe and the second dust suction pipe to avoid potential safety hazards caused by the fact that the wood dust is diffused all around;
and S6, after polishing is finished, starting a second motor, enabling the two-way screw rod to rotate by the second motor, enabling the two groups of moving blocks to move in a backward mode, loosening the wood boards by the two groups of guide clamping plates, and manually taking down the polished wood boards.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the wood board fixing device, the guide clamping assembly is arranged, the two-way screw rod is rotated by the second motor, the two groups of moving blocks move oppositely, the two groups of guide clamping plates clamp the wood board, the wood board is effectively fixed, the phenomenon that the wood board slides to be not beneficial to polishing in the polishing process of a cutting surface is avoided, and the polishing efficiency and the polishing effect are improved;
2. according to the wood board cutting device, the cutting surface polishing assembly is arranged, the rotating roller is rotated by the first motor, the polishing belt moves along with the driving belt, the polishing belt polishes the cutting surface of the wood board, the whole cutting surface can be polished repeatedly at the same time, manual polishing of the cutting surface of the wood board is not needed, and the polishing effect and polishing efficiency are further improved;
3. according to the wood board polishing device, two groups of pressing rollers are arranged, the contact position of a wood board and a polishing belt is located between the two groups of pressing rollers, the first spring is in a compressed state, and thrust is applied to the pressing rollers through the limiting block and the movable rod, so that the upper group of pressing rollers and the lower group of pressing rollers press against the transmission belt, the contact position of the wood board and the polishing belt is prevented from being in an excessively bent state, the contact part of the polishing belt and the wood board wraps the cut surface of the wood board, and the polishing effect is improved;
4. according to the invention, through arranging the brush roller and the cleaning box, the brush roller brushes sundries attached to the outer surface of the polishing belt, so that the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency are prevented from being influenced because the outer surface of the polishing belt is full of sundries;
5. according to the wood dust cleaning device, wood dust gas generated in the polishing process is adsorbed by the first dust hood, and the wood dust generated in the polishing process and the cleaning and brushing process is discharged through the first dust suction pipe and the second dust suction pipe, so that potential safety hazards caused by the fact that the wood dust is diffused all around are avoided, and harm to the health of operators caused by the fact that the dust is diffused is reduced;
6. according to the wood board polishing device, the lower surface of the wood board is roughly ground through the rough grinding roller, the fine grinding roller finely grinds the lower surface of the wood board, and the polishing roller polishes the lower surface of the wood board, so that the rough grinding, fine grinding and polishing of the surface of the wood board are not needed, the operation is simple, the polishing efficiency is high, the polishing effect is good, the polishing device can polish the cutting surface of the wood board, and can also polish the surface of the wood board, the functions are various, and the using effect is excellent;
7. according to the invention, the transmission shaft is rotated through the fourth motor, the transmission shaft drives the first rotating shaft to rotate, the fan blades rotate along with the first rotating shaft to enable the lower part of the filter plate to be in a negative pressure state, so that wood dust is sucked into the dust removal cavity, the filtered wood dust slides into the dust collection cavity, the wood dust gas is filtered, the first rotating shaft drives the second rotating shaft to rotate through the bevel gear, the spiral conveying blades rotate along with the first rotating shaft and convey the wood dust in the dust collection cavity out, the wood dust in the dust collection cavity can be automatically discharged, and the use is facilitated;
8. according to the invention, the transmission shaft drives the half gear to rotate, and under the combined action of the half gear, the rack, the pull rope, the movable block, the guide sliding block and the second spring, the knocking rod can transversely reciprocate to enable the buffer ball to continuously collide with the filter plate to vibrate the filter plate, so that dust attached to the filter plate can be shaken off due to the cyclic reciprocation, and the filter hole is effectively prevented from being blocked to influence the dust filtering effect.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings;
fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic front view of a cutting surface grinding assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a left side view structural schematic diagram of the cutting surface grinding assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic top view of the connection mechanism of fig. 2.
FIG. 5 is a schematic illustration of the connection of the drive belt and the sanding belt of FIG. 2.
FIG. 6 is a top view of the console of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a front view of the operation table of the present invention.
FIG. 8 shows an operation table, a first horizontal plate, and a support column according to the present invention. And the second horizontal plate, the second electric telescopic rod and the pressing plate are connected schematically (left view).
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a fixing box in the present invention.
Fig. 10 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is an enlarged view of a portion B in fig. 9.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view showing the connection of the movable block, the guide rod, the rack and the half gear in fig. 9.
Reference numerals: 1. polishing the component on the cutting surface; 101. a fixing plate; 102. a vertical plate; 103. a rotating roller; 104. a transmission belt; 105. polishing the belt; 106. a connecting plate; 107. a connecting mechanism; 1071. a limiting cylinder; 1072. a movable rod; 1073. a first spring; 1074. a limiting block; 108. pressing the roller; 109. cleaning the box; 110. a brush roller; 111. a first dust suction pipe; 112. a first motor; 113. a bar-shaped block; 2. an operation table; 3. a fixed box; 4. a first horizontal plate; 5. a support pillar; 6. a first electric telescopic rod; 7. a first suction hood; 9. a guide clamping assembly; 901. a guide clamping plate; 9011. an arc-shaped opening; 902. a second motor; 903. a bidirectional screw; 904. a moving block; 905. a limiting guide groove; 10. a coarse grinding roller; 11. a fine grinding roller; 12. a polishing roll; 13. a third motor; 14. a strip-shaped opening; 15. a second horizontal plate; 16. a second electric telescopic rod; 17. pressing a plate; 18. a second dust collection cover; 19. a second dust suction pipe; 20. a third dust suction pipe; 21. a dust removal cavity; 22. an exhaust chamber; 23. a dust collection chamber; 24. filtering the plate; 25. a fourth motor; 26. a drive shaft; 27. a first rotating shaft; 28. a fan blade; 29. a second rotating shaft; 30. a screw conveying blade; 31. a half gear; 32. a movable block; 33. a rack; 34. a guide bar; 35. pulling a rope; 36. a slot; 37. a knock bar; 38. a buffer ball; 39. a guide slider; 40. a limiting rod; 41. a second spring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the polishing device for the cut surfaces of the wood boards for furniture manufacturing, provided by the invention, comprises an operation table 2, a first horizontal plate 4 and support columns 5, wherein the support columns 5 are symmetrically arranged on one side of the top of the operation table 2, and the wood boards to be polished are horizontally placed on the operation table 2; the first horizontal plate 4 is horizontally arranged above the operating platform 2, the top end of the supporting column 5 is fixedly connected with the first horizontal plate 4 through a bolt, the bottom of the first horizontal plate 4 is provided with a first electric telescopic rod 6, the bottom end of the first electric telescopic rod 6 is connected with the cutting surface polishing component 1, the cutting surface grinding component 1 is lifted or descended through the first electric telescopic rod 6, the operating platform 2 is fixedly provided with a first dust hood 7 through bolts, the bottom of the first dust hood 7 is provided with a second dust suction pipe 19, the first dust hood 7 is located right below the cutting surface grinding assembly 1, the second dust collection pipe 19 is provided with a control valve, the first dust hood 7 adsorbs wood dust gas generated in the grinding process, and wood dust generated in the grinding process is discharged through the second dust collection pipe 19, so that potential safety hazards caused by diffusion of the wood dust are avoided, and harm to the health of operators due to the diffusion of the dust is reduced;
the cutting surface grinding component 1 comprises a fixing plate 101, a vertical plate 102, rotating rollers 103, a transmission belt 104, a grinding belt 105, a cleaning box 109, a brush roller 110, a first dust absorption pipe 111 and a first motor 112, wherein the fixing plate 101 is horizontally arranged and connected with a first electric telescopic rod 6, the vertical plate 102 is symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the fixing plate 101, an upper rotating roller 103 and a lower rotating roller 103 are rotatably arranged between the two sets of vertical plates 102 through bearings, the first motor 112 is fixedly arranged on one set of vertical plates 102 through a motor base, the output end of the first motor 112 is connected with one set of rotating rollers 103, the first motor 112 is used for driving the rotating rollers 103, the transmission belt 104 is in transmission connection with the two sets of rotating rollers 103 and drives the two sets of rotating rollers 103 to synchronously rotate through the transmission belt 104, the grinding belt 105 is arranged on the outer surface of the transmission belt 104, the transmission belt 104 drives the grinding belt 105 to move, and the grinding belt 105 grinds a cutting surface, the cleaning box 109 is fixedly connected with the two groups of fixing plates 101 through bolts, openings for the transmission belt 104 to pass through are respectively formed in the top and the bottom of the cleaning box 109, a plurality of groups of brush rollers 110 are rotatably mounted in the cleaning box 109 through bearings, bristles are arranged on the outer peripheral surfaces of the brush rollers 110, the outer peripheral surfaces of the brush rollers 110 are in contact with the polishing belt 105, in the polishing process, sundries attached to the outer surface of the polishing belt 105 are brushed down by the brush rollers 110, so that the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency are prevented from being influenced due to the fact that the outer surface of the polishing belt 105 is full of the sundries, a first dust suction pipe 111 is mounted on the cleaning box 109, a control valve is arranged on the first dust suction pipe 111, wooden dust generated in the cleaning brushing process is discharged through the first dust suction pipe 111, safety hazards caused by the fact that the wooden dust is diffused all around are avoided, and harm to the health of operators due to the fact that the dust is diffused is reduced; when the wood board polishing machine is used, a wood board cutting surface abuts against the polishing belt 105, the first motor 112 enables one group of rotating rollers 103 to rotate, the other group of rotating rollers 103 synchronously rotate under the action of the transmission belt 104, the polishing belt 105 moves along with the transmission belt 104, the polishing belt 105 polishes the wood board cutting surface, the whole cutting surface can be repeatedly polished at the same time, the wood board cutting surface is not needed to be polished manually one by one, and the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency are further improved;
a connecting plate 106 is fixedly arranged between the two groups of vertical plates 102 through bolts, an upper group of strip-shaped blocks 113 and a lower group of strip-shaped blocks 113 are arranged on the connecting plate 106, connecting mechanisms 107 are symmetrically arranged on each group of strip-shaped blocks 113, pressing rollers 108 are arranged between the two groups of connecting mechanisms 107, the pressing rollers 108 press against the inner surface of the transmission belt 104, and the contact positions of the wood plates and the polishing belt 105 are positioned between the two groups of pressing rollers 108; the connecting mechanism 107 comprises a limiting cylinder 1071, a movable rod 1072, a first spring 1073 and a limiting block 1074, the limiting cylinder 1071 is transversely arranged and is fixedly connected with the bar-shaped block 113 through a bolt, the pressing roller 108 is rotationally connected with the movable rod 1072, the movable rod 1072 extends into the limiting cylinder 1071 and is connected with the limiting block 1074, the first spring 1073 is fixedly installed in the limiting cylinder 1071 and is fixedly connected with the limiting block 1074, and the limiting cylinder 1071 limits the limiting block 1074 so as to avoid the separation of the movable rod 1072 and the limiting cylinder 1071; during polishing, the first spring 1073 is in a compressed state and applies thrust to the limiting block 1074, and the movable rod 1072 applies thrust to the pressing rollers 108, so that the upper and lower pressing rollers 108 abut against the transmission belt 104, the contact position of the wood board and the polishing belt 105 is prevented from being in an excessively bent state, the contact part of the polishing belt 105 and the wood board wraps the cutting surface of the wood board, and the polishing effect is improved;
the operating platform 2 is provided with a guide clamping assembly 9, the guide clamping assembly 9 comprises a guide clamping plate 901, a second motor 902, a bidirectional screw 903, moving blocks 904 and a limit guide groove 905, the top of the operating platform 2 is longitudinally provided with a limit guide groove 905, the limit guide groove 905 is internally provided with the bidirectional screw 903 in a rotating way through a bearing, the second motor 902 is fixedly arranged on the operating platform 2 through a motor base, the output end of the second motor 902 is connected with the bidirectional screw 903, the second motor 902 is used for driving the bidirectional screw 903, the guide clamping plates 901 are symmetrically arranged on the operating platform 2, the moving blocks 904 are arranged at the bottoms of the two groups of guide clamping plates 901, the moving blocks 904 are positioned in the limit guide groove 905 and are in threaded connection with the bidirectional screw 903, the limit guide groove 905 guides and limits the movement of the moving blocks 904, when in use, the bidirectional screw 903 is rotated through the second motor 902, two sets of movable blocks 904 carry out the opposite directions motion, clip the plank until two sets of direction clamp plate 901, realize the effective fixed to the plank, avoid the cutting plane to polish in-process plank production and slide and be unfavorable for polishing, help improving efficiency of polishing and the effect of polishing, otherwise, make two-way screw rod 903 carry out antiport through second motor 902 to make two sets of direction clamp plate 901 loosen the plank, the plank of can take off this moment, conveniently fix or take off the plank, help using.
Example two:
as shown in fig. 9, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that a fixed box 3 is fixedly installed at the bottom of an operation table 2 through bolts, a dust removing chamber 21, an exhaust chamber 22 and a dust collecting chamber 23 are formed in the fixed box 3, the exhaust chamber 22 and the dust collecting chamber 23 are both located below the dust removing chamber 21 and are respectively communicated with the dust removing chamber 21, wooden dust gas enters the dust removing chamber 21, a filter plate 24 is obliquely arranged in the dust removing chamber 21, the filter plate 24 filters the wooden dust gas, the exhaust chamber 22 and the dust collecting chamber 23 are located at two sides of the filter plate 24, the filter plate 24 is obliquely inclined downward toward the dust collecting chamber 23, a first dust suction pipe 111 and a second dust suction pipe 19 are respectively communicated with the dust removing chamber 21, and the first dust suction pipe 111 and the second dust suction pipe 19 are used for conveying the wooden dust gas generated in the polishing process and the brushing process into the dust removing chamber 21; a fourth motor 25 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the fixed box 3 through a motor base, a transmission shaft 26 is horizontally installed at the output end of the fourth motor 25, the fourth motor 25 is used for driving the transmission shaft 26, a first rotating shaft 27 is rotatably installed in the exhaust cavity 22 through a bearing, the transmission shaft 26 is in transmission connection with the first rotating shaft 27 through a bevel gear, the first rotating shaft 27 is vertically arranged, fan blades 28 are fixedly installed at the top end of the first rotating shaft 27, and the exhaust cavity 22 is communicated with the outside through an exhaust port; a second rotating shaft 29 is rotatably arranged in the dust collection cavity 23 through a bearing, the second rotating shaft 29 extends into the exhaust cavity 22, the first rotating shaft 27 is in meshed transmission connection with the second rotating shaft 29 through a bevel gear, a spiral conveying blade 30 is fixedly arranged on the second rotating shaft 29, and the dust collection cavity 23 is communicated with the outside; during the use, fourth motor 25 makes transmission shaft 26 rotate, transmission shaft 26 passes through bevel gear and drives first pivot 27 and rotate, flabellum 28 rotates along with first pivot 27 so that the below of filter plate 24 is in negative pressure state, thereby inhale the wooden dust in the dust removal chamber 21, the wooden dust cunning of straining falls into in the dust collection chamber 23, first pivot 27 drives second pivot 29 through bevel gear and rotates, spiral delivery blade 30 rotates thereupon and carries out the wooden dust in the dust collection chamber 23, can discharge wooden dust in the dust collection chamber 23 automatically, help the use.
Example three:
as shown in fig. 9-12, the present embodiment is different from embodiments 1 and 2 in that a guide rod 34 is fixedly installed in the exhaust cavity 22, a movable block 32 is installed in the exhaust cavity 22, a slot 36 with a downward opening is formed in the movable block 32, the guide rod 34 is inserted upward into the slot 36, the guide rod 34 guides the movable block 32, a half gear 31 is fixedly installed on the transmission shaft 26, the transmission shaft 26 drives the half gear 31 to rotate in the rotating process, a rack 33 is fixedly installed on the movable block 32 through a bolt, the rack 33 is vertically arranged, and in the rotating process of the half gear 31, the half gear 31 and the rack 33 are continuously switched between an engaged state and a separated state; the top of the movable block 32 is provided with a pull rope 35, the other end of the pull rope 35 extends into the dedusting cavity 21 and is connected with a knocking rod 37, the other end of the knocking rod 37 is fixedly provided with a buffer ball 38, the buffer ball 38 plays a buffer role, the top of the knocking rod 37 is fixedly provided with a guide slide block 39 through a bolt, a limiting rod 40 is transversely arranged in the dedusting cavity 21, the guide slide block 39 is in sliding connection with the limiting rod 40, the limiting rod 40 plays a guide role for the guide slide block 39, a second spring 41 is sleeved on the limiting rod 40, the second spring 41 is connected with the guide slide block 39 and the fixed box 3, when the semi-gear 31 is used, the transmission shaft 26 drives the semi-gear 31 to rotate, when the semi-gear 31 is meshed with the rack 33, the movable block 32 moves downwards, the pull rope 35 pulls the knocking rod 37 to move towards a direction far away from the filter plate 24, the guide slide block 39 slides along the limiting rod 40 and extrudes the second spring 41, when the semi-gear 31 is not meshed with the rack 33, the second spring 41 resets and pushes the guide slide block 39, the knocking rod 37 moves along with the guide slide block, the buffer ball 38 collides with the filter plate 24 to vibrate the filter plate 24, and the dust attached to the filter plate 24 can be shaken off in such a circulating way, so that the filter effect is effectively prevented from being influenced by the blockage of filter holes.
Example four:
as shown in fig. 6-8, the present embodiment is different from embodiments 1, 2, and 3 in that three sets of strip-shaped openings 14 are formed in an operation table 2, a rough grinding roller 10, a fine grinding roller 11, and a polishing roller 12 are rotatably mounted on the operation table 2 through bearings, the rough grinding roller 10, the fine grinding roller 11, and the polishing roller 12 are located in the corresponding strip-shaped openings 14, the polishing roller 12, the rough grinding roller 10, the fine grinding roller 11, and the polishing roller 12 all extend out of the strip-shaped openings 14, the fine grinding roller 11 is located between the rough grinding roller 10 and the polishing roller 12, the polishing roller 12 is located at a side close to a cutting surface grinding assembly 1, an arc-shaped opening 9011 matched with the rough grinding roller 10, the fine grinding roller 11, and the polishing roller 12 is formed at the bottom of a guide clamping plate 901, so as to avoid the rough grinding roller 10, the fine grinding roller 11, and the polishing roller 12 from hindering the adjustment process of the guide clamping plate 901; a third motor 13 is fixedly installed on the operating platform 2 through a motor base, the output end of the third motor 13 is connected with the coarse grinding roller 10, the third motor 13 is used for driving the coarse grinding roller 10, the coarse grinding roller 10 and the fine grinding roller 11 are in chain transmission, when the coarse grinding roller 10 rotates, the chain drives the fine grinding roller 11 to synchronously rotate, the fine grinding roller 11 and the polishing roller 12 are in chain transmission, when the fine grinding roller 11 rotates, the chain drives the polishing roller 12 to synchronously rotate, a second horizontal plate 15 is fixedly installed on the support column 5 through a bolt, the second horizontal plate 15 is located above the operating platform 2, a second electric telescopic rod 16 is fixedly installed at the bottom of the second horizontal plate 15, a pressing plate 17 is installed at the bottom of the second electric telescopic rod 16, and the second electric telescopic rod 16 is used for enabling the pressing plate 17 to ascend or descend; when the wood board polishing device is used, the lower surface of a wood board is in contact with the coarse grinding roller 10, the fine grinding roller 11 and the polishing roller 12, the pressing plate 17 is lowered through the second electric telescopic rod 16 until the pressing plate 17 presses the upper surface of the wood board downwards, so that the wood board applies downward pressure to the coarse grinding roller 10, the fine grinding roller 11 and the polishing roller 12, the coarse grinding roller 10 rotates through the third motor 13, the fine grinding roller 11 and the polishing roller 12 synchronously rotate through a chain, the wood board continuously moves forwards under the action of friction force, the coarse grinding roller 10 performs coarse grinding on the lower surface of the wood board, the fine grinding roller 11 performs fine grinding on the lower surface of the wood board, the polishing roller 12 polishes the lower surface of the wood board, the rough grinding, the fine grinding and the polishing on the surface of the wood board are not needed to be performed at one point, the operation is simple, the polishing efficiency is high, the polishing effect is good, and the polishing device not only can polish the cutting surface of the wood board, but also can polish the surface of the wood board, the wood board polishing machine has multiple functions and excellent use effect, and in the polishing process, the motion process of the wood board is guided by the two groups of guide clamping plates 901 (namely the guide clamping plates 901 do not clamp the wood board at the moment), so that the stability of the motion process of the wood board is facilitated; pressure sensors are respectively arranged at the bottom of the pressing plate 17 and on the inner side wall of the guide clamping plate 901, so that the pressure applied to the wood board by the pressing plate and the guide clamping plate 901 can be conveniently known, and the adjustment can be conveniently carried out as required.
The bottom of the pressing plate 17 is uniformly provided with ball grooves, the bottom of the pressing plate 17 is provided with balls in a rolling manner through the ball grooves, two thirds of the balls are positioned in the ball grooves, and in the moving process of the wood board, the friction force between the upper surface of the wood board and the pressing plate 17 can be reduced by arranging the balls, so that the damage to the bottom of the pressing plate 17 can be reduced; the bottom fixed mounting of operation panel 2 has second dust absorption cover 18, third dust absorption pipe 20 is installed to the bottom of second dust absorption cover 18, the other end intercommunication dust removal chamber 21 of third dust absorption pipe 20, because the negative pressure effect, when polishing the plank surface, the wooden dust that the in-process of polishing produced gets into in second dust absorption cover 18, third dust absorption pipe 20 is gaseous with wooden dust and is carried to dust removal chamber 21 in, help avoiding producing the diffuse phenomenon of dust when polishing the plank surface, and be equipped with the control valve on the third dust absorption pipe 20.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the cutting surface polishing assembly 1 descends through the first electric telescopic rod 6 until the middle part of the polishing belt 105 and the top end face of the operating platform 2 are in the same horizontal plane, a wood plate to be polished is horizontally placed on the operating platform 2, the cutting surface of the wood plate abuts against the polishing belt 105, the two-way screw 903 is rotated by the second motor 902, the two groups of moving blocks 904 move in opposite directions until the two groups of guide clamping plates 901 clamp the wood plate, effective fixing of the wood plate is realized, the wood plate is prevented from sliding and being not beneficial to polishing in the polishing process of the cutting surface, and the polishing efficiency and the polishing effect are improved;
the first motor 112 enables one group of the rotating rollers 103 to rotate, the other group of the rotating rollers 103 synchronously rotate under the action of the transmission belt 104, the polishing belt 105 moves along with the transmission belt 104, the polishing belt 105 polishes the cut surface of the wood board, the whole cut surface can be repeatedly polished at the same time, the cut surface of the wood board is not needed to be polished manually one by one, and the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency are further improved;
during polishing, the contact position of the wood plate and the polishing belt 105 is located between the two groups of pressing rollers 108, the first spring 1073 is in a compressed state and applies thrust to the limiting block 1074, the movable rod 1072 applies thrust to the pressing rollers 108, so that the upper group of pressing rollers 108 and the lower group of pressing rollers 108 are pressed against the transmission belt 104, the contact position of the wood plate and the polishing belt 105 is prevented from being in an excessively bent state, and the contact part of the polishing belt 105 and the wood plate wraps the cutting surface of the wood plate, thereby being beneficial to improving the polishing effect;
in the process of polishing, the adnexed debris of area 105 surface will be polished to brush down to brush roller 110 to avoid influencing effect of polishing and the efficiency of polishing because of polishing 105 surface is covered with debris, first dust absorption cover 7 adsorbs the wooden dust gas that the in-process of polishing produced, the wooden dust that the in-process of polishing produced with the clearance brush is swept and is discharged through first dust absorption pipe 111 and second dust absorption pipe 19, not only help avoiding wooden dust to diffuse everywhere and bring the potential safety hazard, still help reducing because of the dust is diffused and the harm brought to operating personnel health.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. A wood cutting surface polishing device for furniture manufacturing comprises an operating table (2), a first horizontal plate (4) and supporting columns (5), wherein the supporting columns (5) are symmetrically arranged on one side of the top of the operating table (2), the first horizontal plate (4) is horizontally arranged above the operating table (2), the top ends of the supporting columns (5) are fixedly connected with the first horizontal plate (4) through bolts, the wood cutting surface polishing device is characterized in that a first electric telescopic rod (6) is installed at the bottom of the first horizontal plate (4), the bottom end of the first electric telescopic rod (6) is connected with a cutting surface polishing assembly (1), a first dust hood (7) is fixedly installed on the operating table (2) through bolts, a second dust suction pipe (19) is installed at the bottom of the first dust hood (7), and the first dust hood (7) is located under the cutting surface polishing assembly (1), a control valve is arranged on the second dust absorption pipe (19);
the cutting surface grinding assembly (1) comprises a fixing plate (101), vertical plates (102), rotating rollers (103), a transmission belt (104), grinding belts (105), a cleaning box (109), a brush roller (110), a first dust suction pipe (111) and a first motor (112), wherein the fixing plate (101) is horizontally arranged and connected with a first electric telescopic rod (6), the vertical plates (102) are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the fixing plate (101), an upper set of rotating rollers (103) and a lower set of rotating rollers (103) are rotatably arranged between the two sets of vertical plates (102) through bearings, the first motor (112) is fixedly arranged on one set of vertical plates (102) through a motor base, the output end of the first motor (112) is connected with one set of rotating rollers (103), the transmission belt (104) is in transmission connection with the two sets of rotating rollers (103), the outer surface of the transmission belt (104) is provided with the grinding belts (105), and the cleaning box (109) is fixedly connected with the two sets of fixing, openings for a transmission belt (104) to pass through are respectively formed in the top and the bottom of the cleaning box (109), a plurality of groups of brush rollers (110) are rotatably mounted in the cleaning box (109) through bearings, bristles are arranged on the outer peripheral surface of each brush roller (110), the outer peripheral surface of each brush roller (110) is in contact with the polishing belt (105), a first dust suction pipe (111) is mounted on the cleaning box (109), and a control valve is arranged on each first dust suction pipe (111);
a guide clamping component (9) is arranged on the operating platform (2), the guide clamping component (9) comprises a guide clamping plate (901), a second motor (902), a bidirectional screw rod (903), a moving block (904) and a limit guide groove (905), the top of the operating platform (2) is longitudinally provided with a limiting guide groove (905), a bidirectional screw (903) is rotatably arranged in the limiting guide groove (905) through a bearing, the second motor (902) is fixedly arranged on the operating platform (2) through a motor base, the output end of the second motor (902) is connected with a bidirectional screw rod (903), the guide clamping plates (901) are symmetrically arranged on the operating platform (2), the bottom parts of the two groups of guide clamping plates (901) are both provided with moving blocks (904), the moving block (904) is positioned in the limiting guide groove (905) and is in threaded connection with the bidirectional screw rod (903).
2. The furniture manufacturing wood cutting surface grinding device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a fixed box (3) is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the operating table (2) through bolts, a dust removal cavity (21), an exhaust cavity (22) and a dust collection cavity (23) are formed in the fixed box (3), the exhaust cavity (22) and the dust collection cavity (23) are located below the dust removal cavity (21) and are respectively communicated with the dust removal cavity (21), a filter plate (24) is obliquely arranged in the dust removal cavity (21), the exhaust cavity (22) and the dust collection cavity (23) are located on two sides of the filter plate (24), and the first dust suction pipe (111) and the second dust suction pipe (19) are respectively communicated with the dust removal cavity (21);
the outer wall of fixed case (3) has fourth motor (25) through motor cabinet fixed mounting, the output horizontal installation of fourth motor (25) has transmission shaft (26), rotate through the bearing in exhaust chamber (22) and install first pivot (27), the vertical setting of first pivot (27), transmission shaft (26) are connected with first pivot (27) transmission through bevel gear, and the top fixed mounting of first pivot (27) has flabellum (28), exhaust chamber (22) are through gas vent and external intercommunication.
3. The furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface grinding device as claimed in claim 2, wherein a second rotating shaft (29) is rotatably mounted in the dust collection cavity (23) through a bearing, the second rotating shaft (29) extends into the exhaust cavity (22), the first rotating shaft (27) is in meshed transmission connection with the second rotating shaft (29) through a bevel gear, a spiral conveying blade (30) is fixedly mounted on the second rotating shaft (29), and the dust collection cavity (23) is communicated with the outside.
4. The wood cutting surface grinding device for furniture manufacturing according to claim 3, characterized in that a guide rod (34) is fixedly installed in the exhaust cavity (22), a movable block (32) is installed in the exhaust cavity (22), an insertion groove (36) with a downward opening is formed in the movable block (32), the guide rod (34) is upwards inserted into the insertion groove (36), a half gear (31) is fixedly installed on the transmission shaft (26), a rack (33) is fixedly installed on the movable block (32) through a bolt, and the rack (33) is vertically arranged and is meshed with the half gear (31); the top of movable block (32) is equipped with stay cord (35), the other end of stay cord (35) extends into dust removal chamber (21) and connects strikes pole (37), the other end fixed mounting who strikes pole (37) has cushion ball (38), there is guide slide block (39) at the top of striking pole (37) through bolt fixed mounting, transversely set up gag lever post (40) in dust removal chamber (21), guide slide block (39) and gag lever post (40) sliding connection, the cover is equipped with second spring (41) on gag lever post (40), and guide slide block (39) and fixed box (3) are connected to second spring (41).
5. The wood board cutting surface grinding device for furniture manufacturing according to claim 2, characterized in that three groups of strip-shaped openings (14) are formed in the operating platform (2), a rough grinding roller (10), a fine grinding roller (11) and a polishing roller (12) are rotatably mounted on the operating platform (2) through bearings, the rough grinding roller (10), the fine grinding roller (11) and the polishing roller (12) are located in the corresponding strip-shaped openings (14), the fine grinding roller (11) is located between the rough grinding roller (10) and the polishing roller (12), the polishing roller (12) is located on one side close to a cutting surface grinding assembly (1), and arc-shaped openings (9011) matched with the rough grinding roller (10), the fine grinding roller (11) and the polishing roller (12) are formed in the bottom of the guide clamping plate (901);
there is third motor (13) through motor cabinet fixed mounting on operation panel (2), the output and the corase grind roller (10) of third motor (13) are connected, chain drive is passed through with fine grinding roller (11) in coarse grinding roller (10), chain drive is passed through with polishing roller (12) in fine grinding roller (11), there is second horizontal plate (15) through bolt fixed mounting on support column (5), second horizontal plate (15) are located the top of operation panel (2), the bottom fixed mounting of second horizontal plate (15) has second electric telescopic handle (16), clamp plate (17) are installed to the bottom of second electric telescopic handle (16).
6. The furniture manufacturing wood plate cutting surface grinding device as claimed in claim 5, wherein a ball groove is uniformly formed in the bottom of the pressing plate (17), balls are mounted on the bottom of the pressing plate (17) in a rolling mode through the ball groove, and two thirds of the balls are located in the ball groove.
7. The wood cutting surface grinding device for furniture manufacturing as claimed in claim 5, wherein a second dust hood (18) is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the operating table (2), a third dust suction pipe (20) is mounted at the bottom of the second dust hood (18), the other end of the third dust suction pipe (20) is communicated with the dust removal cavity (21), and a control valve is arranged on the third dust suction pipe (20).
8. The furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface grinding device according to claim 1, wherein a connecting plate (106) is fixedly installed between two sets of vertical plates (102) through bolts, an upper set of strip-shaped blocks (113) and a lower set of strip-shaped blocks (113) are installed on the connecting plate (106), connecting mechanisms (107) are symmetrically installed on each set of strip-shaped blocks (113), a pressing roller (108) is arranged between the two sets of connecting mechanisms (107), the pressing roller (108) presses against the inner surface of a transmission belt (104), and the contact position of a wood board and a grinding belt (105) is located between the two sets of pressing rollers (108).
9. The furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface grinding device according to claim 8, wherein the connecting mechanism (107) comprises a limiting cylinder (1071), a movable rod (1072), a first spring (1073) and a limiting block (1074), the limiting cylinder (1071) is transversely arranged and is fixedly connected with the bar-shaped block (113) through a bolt, the pressing roller (108) is rotatably connected with the movable rod (1072), the movable rod (1072) extends into the limiting cylinder (1071) and is connected with the limiting block (1074), and the first spring (1073) is fixedly installed in the limiting cylinder (1071) and is fixedly connected with the limiting block (1074).
10. The use method of the polishing device for the cut surfaces of the wood boards for manufacturing the furniture is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
s1, starting the first electric telescopic rod (6), and enabling the cutting surface grinding assembly (1) to descend by the first electric telescopic rod (6) until the middle part of the grinding belt (105) and the top end face of the operating platform (2) are located on the same horizontal plane;
s2, manually placing the wood board to be polished on the operating table (2) horizontally, enabling the cut surface of the wood board to abut against the polishing belt (105), and enabling the contact position of the wood board and the polishing belt (105) to be located between the two groups of abutting-pressing rollers (108);
s3, starting a second motor (902), enabling the bidirectional screw rod (903) to rotate by the second motor (902), and enabling the two groups of moving blocks (904) to move in opposite directions until the two groups of guide clamping plates (901) clamp the wood board;
s4, starting a first motor (112), wherein the first motor (112) enables one group of rotating rollers (103) to rotate, and enables the other group of rotating rollers (103) to synchronously rotate under the action of a transmission belt (104);
s5, the polishing belt (105) moves along with the transmission belt (104), the polishing belt (105) polishes the cut surface of the wood board, in the polishing process, the brush roller (110) brushes sundries on the outer surface of the polishing belt (105) down to avoid the influence on the polishing effect and the polishing efficiency caused by the fact that the outer surface of the polishing belt (105) is full of sundries, and wood dust generated in the polishing process and the cleaning brushing process is discharged through the first dust suction pipe (111) and the second dust suction pipe (19) to avoid potential safety hazards caused by the fact that the wood dust is diffused all around;
s6, after polishing is finished, a second motor (902) is started, the second motor (902) enables the bidirectional screw rod (903) to rotate, the two groups of moving blocks (904) move in a backward mode, the wood boards are loosened through the two groups of guide clamping plates (901), and the polished wood boards are manually taken down.
CN202110801910.XA 2021-07-15 2021-07-15 Furniture manufacturing wood board cutting surface polishing device and method Withdrawn CN113352163A (en)

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CN115157091A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-10-11 闽南理工学院 Artificial joint spherical surface circulation polishing machine with TiN coating film
CN115229627A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-10-25 张家港海岸钛业有限公司 Titanium alloy rod burnishing device with dust removal function
CN115229626A (en) * 2022-09-22 2022-10-25 安徽新境界自动化技术有限公司 Flexible polishing robot based on visual feedback and use method thereof
CN115365962A (en) * 2022-10-27 2022-11-22 江油星联电子科技有限公司 Grinding plate device for processing circuit board
CN115771183A (en) * 2022-11-24 2023-03-10 江西麦丹永明木业有限公司 Cutting device and method for ecological furniture board production
CN116638417A (en) * 2023-06-09 2023-08-25 东莞市百通精密技术有限公司 Intelligent machining equipment for motor commutator with quick cleaning function
CN117047645A (en) * 2023-10-10 2023-11-14 常州喷丝板厂有限公司 Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber spinneret plate surface polishing device
CN117681108A (en) * 2024-02-02 2024-03-12 盐城合生柳环保科技有限公司 Surface polishing device for wood pallet processing

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN113829213A (en) * 2021-09-27 2021-12-24 江苏广新重工有限公司 Surface cleaning equipment is used in steel construction preparation processing
CN113829213B (en) * 2021-09-27 2024-04-19 江苏广新重工有限公司 Surface cleaning equipment for steel structure manufacturing and processing
CN113974500A (en) * 2021-11-20 2022-01-28 贵溪奥泰铜业有限公司 A cleaning roller structure for copper strips finish rolling processing
CN113974500B (en) * 2021-11-20 2022-09-20 贵溪奥泰铜业有限公司 A cleaning roller structure for copper strips finish rolling processing
CN114833695A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-08-02 广东日信高精密科技有限公司 Universal punching equipment for lithium battery pole piece
CN115157091B (en) * 2022-06-30 2023-09-08 闽南理工学院 Artificial joint spherical surface circulation polishing machine with TiN coating film
CN115157091A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-10-11 闽南理工学院 Artificial joint spherical surface circulation polishing machine with TiN coating film
CN115229626A (en) * 2022-09-22 2022-10-25 安徽新境界自动化技术有限公司 Flexible polishing robot based on visual feedback and use method thereof
CN115229627A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-10-25 张家港海岸钛业有限公司 Titanium alloy rod burnishing device with dust removal function
CN115365962A (en) * 2022-10-27 2022-11-22 江油星联电子科技有限公司 Grinding plate device for processing circuit board
CN115771183A (en) * 2022-11-24 2023-03-10 江西麦丹永明木业有限公司 Cutting device and method for ecological furniture board production
CN116638417B (en) * 2023-06-09 2024-04-16 东莞市百通精密技术有限公司 Intelligent machining equipment for motor commutator with quick cleaning function
CN116638417A (en) * 2023-06-09 2023-08-25 东莞市百通精密技术有限公司 Intelligent machining equipment for motor commutator with quick cleaning function
CN117047645A (en) * 2023-10-10 2023-11-14 常州喷丝板厂有限公司 Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber spinneret plate surface polishing device
CN117047645B (en) * 2023-10-10 2023-12-12 常州喷丝板厂有限公司 Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber spinneret plate surface polishing device
CN117681108A (en) * 2024-02-02 2024-03-12 盐城合生柳环保科技有限公司 Surface polishing device for wood pallet processing
CN117681108B (en) * 2024-02-02 2024-04-09 盐城合生柳环保科技有限公司 Surface polishing device for wood pallet processing

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Application publication date: 20210907