CN113150874A - Plant extraction and distillation device based on layered separation technology - Google Patents

Plant extraction and distillation device based on layered separation technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113150874A
CN113150874A CN202110607111.9A CN202110607111A CN113150874A CN 113150874 A CN113150874 A CN 113150874A CN 202110607111 A CN202110607111 A CN 202110607111A CN 113150874 A CN113150874 A CN 113150874A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
device body
left end
vibrating piece
extraction
top end
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Pending
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CN202110607111.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李小琴
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202110607111.9A priority Critical patent/CN113150874A/en
Publication of CN113150874A publication Critical patent/CN113150874A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B9/00Essential oils; Perfumes
    • C11B9/02Recovery or refining of essential oils from raw materials
    • C11B9/027Recovery of volatiles by distillation or stripping
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes, e.g. in liquid form
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/24Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by extraction; Tobacco extracts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/12Steaming, curing, or flavouring tobacco
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens

Abstract

The invention provides a plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology, which relates to the technical field of plant extraction equipment and comprises a device body; the left side of the device body is provided with a flow promoting device, and the right end of the device body is provided with a cleaning device; the bottom end in the feeding bin is provided with a first motor, and the bottom end of the feeding bin is provided with a filtering device; the left end of the filtering device is provided with a vibrating device; the top end of the flow promoting device is provided with an extraction device; according to the invention, plant raw materials are crushed, the filter screen arranged at the top end of the filter shell is continuously vibrated through the matching of the filter device and the vibrating device, so that the crushed plant raw materials are prevented from being blocked when being screened by the filter device, the production efficiency is not influenced, the heater arranged on the inclined table is matched, the third motor drives the rotating blades to rotate, the distillation efficiency of the plant raw materials by the device body is promoted, and the inside of the device is convenient to clean, so that the device has higher cleaning efficiency.

Description

Plant extraction and distillation device based on layered separation technology
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of plant extraction equipment, and particularly relates to a plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology.
Background
Generally, the tobacco can generate some organic matters with spicy taste during burning, and if some essences such as plant essential oil are added into the cigarette, the spicy taste generated during the burning process of the tobacco can be covered by the aroma, so that the tobacco can generate good smoke effect during burning and smoking; the plant essential oil is extracted from the unique aromatic substances of the plants, and is extracted from flowers, leaves, roots, barks, fruits, seeds and the like of the herbaceous plants in a distillation and squeezing mode; the steam distillation method is a common plant essential oil extraction method, the technology in the aspects of flow, equipment, operation and the like is mature, the cost is low, the yield is high, and the equipment and the operation are simple; the traditional steam distillation method has 3 main forms: distillation in water, distillation in water and steam distillation.
The plant based on layered separation technique draws distillation plant and can refer to patent No. CN109609280A, it mainly includes heating mechanism, the distiller's body, condenser pipe and oil water separator, the distiller's body sets up on heating mechanism, install sample dish support in the distiller's body, two-layer about the internal division of sample dish support will the distiller's body, install the sample dish that is used for holding the distillation raw materials on the sample dish support, be provided with steam outlet on the pot cover of the distiller's body, the distiller's body passes through honeycomb duct and oil water separator's upper portion intercommunication, oil water separator's upper port and the lower port intercommunication of condenser pipe, the valve is installed to oil water separator's lower extreme, oil water separator is connected with the back flow with the lower floor intercommunication of the distiller's body in the top of valve.
Present similar plant based on layered separation technique draws distillation plant when using, the diameter is great for plant material, and is single to its heating distillation, and work efficiency is slow, and plant material gets into the distillation storehouse after the filter screen screening, and the easy delivery of filter screen can block up to influence work efficiency, and the inside washing of device is inconvenient, and cleaning efficiency is not high.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides a plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology, which aims to solve the problems that the conventional similar plant raw materials are large in particle diameter, are heated and distilled singly, and are slow in working efficiency, and the plant raw materials enter a distillation bin after being screened by a filter screen, so that the filter screen is easy to block when the plant raw materials are delivered, the working efficiency is influenced, the interior of the device is inconvenient to clean, and the cleaning efficiency is low.
The invention relates to a plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology, which is realized by the following specific technical means:
a plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology comprises a device body;
the left end of the top surface of the device body is provided with a fixed frame, the top end of the device body is fixedly provided with a feeding bin, the left side of the device body is provided with a flow promoting device, and the right end of the device body is provided with a cleaning device;
the bottom end in the feeding bin is provided with a first motor, and the bottom end of the feeding bin is provided with a filtering device;
the left end of the filtering device is provided with a vibrating device, and the bottom end of the filtering device is communicated and arranged at the top end of the device body;
the top end of the flow promoting device is provided with an extraction device, and the extraction device is communicated with the device body.
Further, the cleaning device includes:
the ultrasonic cleaner is fixedly arranged at the right end of the outer side of the device body;
the mounting plate is mounted on the inner side of the device body, and four third elastic pieces are mounted at the outer end of the mounting plate;
the cleaning head is installed inside the device body, and the cleaning head is fixedly installed at the left end of the third elastic piece at four positions.
Further, the filtering apparatus includes:
the top end of the filter shell is connected to the bottom end of the feeding bin through a connecting sleeve, the bottom end of the filter shell is connected to the top end of the device body through a telescopic pipe, a filter screen is installed at the top end of the filter shell, a support column is installed at the left end of the filter shell, and a fixed groove body is formed in the right end of the filter shell;
the first elastic piece is arranged on the support column at the left end of the filter shell;
the supporting seat is provided with a through hole, the supporting seat is installed at the top end of the device body, and the supporting column at the left end of the filter shell is connected in the supporting seat in a sliding mode.
Furthermore, an inclined platform is arranged at the bottom end inside the device body, a cleaning leakage pipe is correspondingly installed at the bottom end of the right side of the inclined platform, a heater is installed on the inclined platform, and a heating pipe is installed on the heater.
Further, the vibration device includes:
the mounting base is fixedly mounted at the top end of the device body and provided with a sliding hole;
the second motor is arranged at the right end of the mounting base, the left end of the second motor is provided with a main vibrating piece in a driving mode, the left end of the main vibrating piece is of a ring-tooth-shaped structure, and the left end of the main vibrating piece is provided with a sliding rod;
the secondary vibrating piece is meshed with the main vibrating piece at the right end, a shaft sliding groove is formed in the inner part of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece, and a prism rod is arranged at the left end of the secondary vibrating piece;
the mounting seat is fixedly mounted at the top end of the device body and provided with prismatic sliding holes.
Furthermore, the top end of the extraction bin is communicated and connected with the top end of the device body through an air outlet pipe, the air outlet pipe is obliquely arranged in a left-low-right-high mode, and a circulating pipe is spirally arranged at the outer end of the air outlet pipe.
Furthermore, the sliding rod at the left end of the main vibrating piece is connected to the shaft sliding groove in the inner portion of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece in a sliding mode, the prismatic rod at the left end of the secondary vibrating piece is connected to the prismatic sliding hole of the mounting seat in a sliding mode, the left end of the prismatic rod is connected to the fixing groove body at the right end of the filter shell in an inserting mode, and the prismatic rod is provided with a second elastic piece.
Further, the extraction device includes:
the extraction bin is arranged above the left end of the device body through a support, a water outlet pipe is arranged at the bottom end of the extraction bin, an oil outlet pipe is arranged at the left end of the extraction bin, and an air release valve is arranged at the top end of the extraction bin;
the refrigeration water tank is fixedly arranged on a fixing frame at the top end of the device body;
the circulating water pump is arranged at the bottom end of the refrigeration water tank and is provided with a circulating pipe.
Further, the flow promoting device comprises:
the third motor is arranged at the left end of the outer side of the device body;
and the rotating blade is arranged in the device body and is driven by the third motor through the transmission rod.
Further, the inside bottom in feeding storehouse is equipped with a crushing blade, and crushing blade installs on the first motor of the inside bottom in feeding storehouse, and first motor bottom is the annular array and is equipped with six fixed plates and is connected with feeding storehouse inner wall, and two adjacent fixed plates and inner wall are constituteed and are had the skip groove.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the setting in feeding storehouse is favorable to the first motor of the inside crushing blade cooperation in feeding storehouse for this device is convenient to carry out shredding to plant material, does benefit to the improvement and draws distilled efficiency, and adjacent two fixed plates constitute with the inner wall has the chute, and plant material after smashing is convenient for get into the filter equipment of feeding storehouse lower extreme, thereby realizes tentatively screening.
2. Filter equipment cooperation vibrating device's setting, be favorable to the slide bar sliding connection of main vibrating piece left end on the axle spout from vibrating piece right-hand member inside, the second motor drives main vibrating piece and rotates, mesh mutually from vibrating piece right-hand member and main vibrating piece, the cooperation is from prismatic pole sliding connection of vibrating piece left end on the prism slide opening of mount pad, and the left end of prismatic pole is pegged graft in the fixed slot of straining the shell right-hand member, make from vibrating piece to straining the shell and carry out repeated beating vibrating motion, the support column sliding connection of the shell left end of straining of cooperation filter equipment is in the supporting seat, and first elastic component installs in the support column of straining the shell left end, thereby make and strain the shell top and install the filter screen and carry out the vibration that lasts, thereby avoid the plant material after smashing to take place to block up when filter equipment screens, influence production efficiency.
3. Promote the setting of class device cooperation belt cleaning device, the heater that is favorable to the installation of oblique type bench distills plant material through the heating pipe, the third motor drives rotor blade through the transfer line and rotates, stir device body inside, thereby further promote the device body to carry out distillation efficiency to plant material, belt cleaning device is last to install the mounting panel outer end and has been installed four third elastic components, the vibration of ultrasonic cleaner to the production of device body has been reduced, ultrasonic cleaner passes through the cleaning head and washs inside, the inside bottom of cooperation device body is equipped with an oblique type platform, the corresponding washing bushing that installs in oblique type platform right side bottom, make this device be convenient for wash, the cleaning efficiency of this device has been improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a half-section structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a half-section structure of the feeding bin in the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the filter device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the vibration device of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a partially enlarged structural view of a in fig. 2 according to the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the extraction apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a partially enlarged structural view of B in fig. 2 according to the present invention.
In the drawings, the corresponding relationship between the component names and the reference numbers is as follows:
1. a device body;
101. a diagonal table; 102. cleaning a drain pipe; 103. a heater; 1031. heating a tube; 104. a fixed mount; 105. an air outlet pipe;
2. a feeding bin;
201. a crushing blade; 202. a first motor; 203. a fixing plate; 2031. a material leaking groove;
3. a filtration device;
301. a filter shell; 3011. connecting sleeves; 3012. a telescopic pipe; 3013. a support pillar; 3014. fixing the trough body; 302. filtering with a screen; 303. a first elastic member; 304. a supporting seat;
4. a vibrating device;
401. installing a base; 402. a second motor; 4021. a primary vibrating member; 4022. a slide bar; 403. from the vibrating member; 4031. a prismatic rod; 404. a second elastic member; 405. a mounting seat;
5. a flow promotion device;
501. a third motor; 502. a transmission rod; 503. a rotor blade;
6. an extraction device;
601. an extraction bin; 6011. a water outlet pipe; 6012. an oil outlet pipe; 6013. a gas release valve; 602. a refrigeration water tank; 603. a water circulating pump; 604. a circulation pipe;
7. a cleaning device;
701. an ultrasonic cleaner; 702. mounting a plate; 703. a third elastic member; 704. a cleaning head.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example (b):
as shown in figures 1 to 8:
the invention provides a plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology, which comprises a device body 1;
the left end of the top surface of the device body 1 is provided with a fixed frame 104, the top end of the device body 1 is fixedly provided with a feeding bin 2, the left side of the device body 1 is provided with a flow promoting device 5, and the right end of the device body 1 is provided with a cleaning device 7;
the bottom end inside the feeding bin 2 is provided with a first motor 202, and the bottom end of the feeding bin 2 is provided with a filtering device 3;
the left end of the filtering device 3 is provided with a vibrating device 4, and the bottom end of the filtering device 3 is communicated and arranged at the top end of the device body 1;
the top end of the flow promoting device 5 is provided with an extraction device 6, and the extraction device 6 is communicated with the device body 1.
As shown in fig. 3, the bottom end inside the feeding bin 2 is provided with one crushing blade 201, the crushing blade 201 is installed on a first motor 202 at the bottom end inside the feeding bin 2, the bottom end of the first motor 202 is provided with six fixing plates 203 in an annular array and is connected with the inner wall of the feeding bin 2, and a material leakage groove 2031 is formed by two adjacent fixing plates 203 and the inner wall; concrete action, the first motor 202 of crushing blade 201 cooperation of 2 inside in feeding storehouse for this device is convenient to carry out shredding to plant material, does benefit to the improvement and draws distilled efficiency, and adjacent two fixed plates 203 and inner wall are constituteed there is the material leakage groove 2031, and the plant material after smashing is convenient for get into the filter equipment 3 of 2 lower extremes in feeding storehouse, thereby realizes tentatively screening.
As shown in fig. 4, the filter device 3 includes:
the top end of the filtering shell 301 is connected to the bottom end of the feeding bin 2 through a connecting sleeve 3011, the bottom end of the filtering shell 301 is connected to the top end of the device body 1 through a telescopic pipe 3012, the filtering net 302 is installed at the top end of the filtering shell 301, a supporting column 3013 is installed at the left end of the filtering shell 301, and a fixed groove 3014 is formed at the right end of the filtering shell 301;
a first elastic member 303, wherein the first elastic member 303 is mounted on the supporting post 3013 at the left end of the filter shell 301;
a through hole is formed in the support base 304, the support base 304 is mounted on the top end of the device body 1, and the support post 3013 at the left end of the filter casing 301 is slidably connected to the support base 304.
As shown in fig. 5, the vibration device 4 includes:
the mounting base 401 is fixedly mounted at the top end of the device body 1, and a sliding hole is formed in the mounting base 401;
the second motor 402 is arranged at the right end of the mounting base 401, the left end of the second motor 402 is provided with a main vibrating piece 4021 in a driving mode, the left end of the main vibrating piece 4021 is of a ring-tooth-shaped structure, and the left end of the main vibrating piece 4021 is provided with a sliding rod 4022;
the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 is meshed with the main vibrating piece 4021, a shaft sliding groove is formed in the inner part of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403, and the left end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 is provided with a prismatic bar 4031;
the mounting seat 405, the mounting seat 405 is fixedly installed on the top end of the device body 1, and a prismatic slide hole is opened on the mounting seat 405.
A sliding rod 4022 at the left end of the main vibrating piece 4021 is connected to a shaft sliding groove in the inner part of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 in a sliding manner, a prismatic rod 4031 at the left end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 is connected to a prismatic sliding hole of the mounting seat 405 in a sliding manner, the left end of the prismatic rod 4031 is inserted into a fixed groove 3014 at the right end of the filter shell 301, and a second elastic piece 404 is mounted on the prismatic rod 4031; specifically, the sliding rod 4022 at the left end of the main vibrating piece 4021 is slidably connected to a shaft sliding groove in the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403, the second motor 402 drives the main vibrating piece 4021 to rotate, the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 is meshed with the main vibrating piece 4021, the prismatic rod 4031 at the left end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 is slidably connected to a prismatic sliding hole of the mounting seat 405 in a matching manner, the left end of the prismatic rod 4031 is inserted into a fixed groove 3014 at the right end of the filter shell 301, so that the secondary vibrating piece 403 performs repeated striking and vibrating motions on the filter shell 301, the supporting column 3013 at the left end of the filter shell 301 matched with the filtering device 3 is slidably connected to the supporting seat 304, the first elastic piece 303 is installed on the supporting column 3013 at the left end of the filter shell 301, the filter screen 302 is installed at the top end of the filter shell 301 to perform continuous vibration, and blockage caused by the crushed plant raw materials being screened by the filtering device 3 is avoided, and production efficiency is affected.
Wherein the extraction device 6 comprises:
the device comprises an extraction bin 601, wherein the extraction bin 601 is arranged above the left end of a device body 1 through a support, a water outlet pipe 6011 is arranged at the bottom end of the extraction bin 601, an oil outlet pipe 6012 is arranged at the left end of the extraction bin 601, and an air release valve 6013 is arranged at the top end of the extraction bin 601;
the refrigeration water tank 602, the refrigeration water tank 602 is fixedly mounted on the fixed mount 104 of the top of the apparatus body 1;
a circulating water pump 603, the circulating water pump 603 is installed at the bottom end of the refrigerating water tank 602, and a circulating pipe 604 is installed on the circulating water pump 603.
Wherein, the top end of the extraction bin 601 is communicated and connected with the top end of the device body 1 through an air outlet pipe 105, the air outlet pipe 105 is obliquely arranged in a left-low-right-high mode, and the outer end of the air outlet pipe 105 is spirally provided with a circulating pipe 604.
Wherein, promote a class device 5 includes:
a third motor 501, wherein the third motor 501 is arranged at the left end of the outer side of the device body 1;
a rotating blade 503, the rotating blade 503 is installed inside the apparatus body 1, and the rotating blade 503 is driven by the third motor 501 via the transmission rod 502.
Wherein, the bottom end of the interior of the device body 1 is provided with an inclined platform 101, the bottom end of the right side of the inclined platform 101 is correspondingly provided with a cleaning leakage pipe 102, the inclined platform 101 is provided with a heater 103, and the heater 103 is provided with a heating pipe 1031.
As shown in fig. 8, the cleaning device 7 includes:
an ultrasonic cleaner 701, wherein the ultrasonic cleaner 701 is fixedly arranged at the right end of the outer side of the device body 1;
the mounting plate 702 is mounted on the inner side of the device body 1, and four third elastic pieces 703 are mounted at the outer end of the mounting plate 702;
the cleaning head 704 is arranged in the device body 1, and the cleaning head 704 is fixedly arranged at the left end of the fourth elastic piece 703; the specific effect, heater 103 of installation on the oblique type platform 101 distills the plant material through heating pipe 1031, third motor 501 drives rotor blade 503 through transfer line 502 and rotates, stir the device body 1 inside, thereby further promote device body 1 to carry out distillation efficiency to the plant material, belt cleaning device 7 is gone up the mounting panel 702 outer end and is installed four third elastic components 703, the vibration of ultrasonic cleaner 701 to the production of device body 1 has been reduced, ultrasonic cleaner 701 is through the inside washing of cleaning head 704, the inside bottom of cooperation device body 1 is equipped with an oblique type platform 101, the corresponding washing leak pipe 102 of installing in oblique type platform 101 right side bottom, make this device be convenient for wash, the cleaning efficiency of this device has been improved.
In another embodiment, the bottom end of the device body 1 may be provided with a buffer base, further improving the support of the device and the buffer protection effect on the instruments.
The specific use mode and function of the embodiment are as follows:
when the device is used, the crushing blade 201 in the feeding bin 2 is matched with the first motor 202, so that the device can conveniently crush plant raw materials, the efficiency of extraction and distillation is improved, the material leakage groove 2031 is formed by the adjacent two fixing plates 203 and the inner wall, the crushed plant raw materials can conveniently enter the filtering device 3 at the lower end of the feeding bin 2, so as to realize primary screening, the sliding rod 4022 at the left end of the main vibrating piece 4021 is slidably connected to the shaft sliding groove in the inner part of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403, the second motor 402 drives the main vibrating piece 4021 to rotate, the right end of the secondary vibrating piece 403 is meshed with the main vibrating piece 4021, the prismatic rod 4031 at the left end of the vibrating piece 403 is matched to be slidably connected to the prismatic sliding hole of the mounting seat 405, the left end of the prismatic rod 4031 is inserted into the fixing groove body 3014 at the right end of the filtering shell 301, so that the filtering shell 301 is repeatedly beaten and vibrated by the vibrating piece 403, the supporting column 3013 at the left end of the filtering shell 301 is matched with the filtering device 3 and slidably connected to the supporting seat 304, and the first elastic member 303 is installed on the supporting column 3013 at the left end of the filtering shell 301, so that the filtering net 302 is installed at the top end of the filtering shell 301 to continuously vibrate, thereby avoiding blockage of the crushed plant raw material when the crushed plant raw material is filtered by the filtering device 3, which affects the production efficiency, the heater 103 installed on the inclined platform 101 distills the plant raw material through the heating pipe 1031, the third motor 501 drives the rotating blade 503 to rotate through the transmission rod 502 to stir the inside of the device body 1, thereby further promoting the plant raw material distillation efficiency of the device body 1, the cleaning device 7 is provided with four third elastic members 703 at the outer end of the mounting plate 702, which reduces the vibration of the ultrasonic cleaner 701 to the device body 1, the ultrasonic cleaner 701 cleans the inside through the cleaning head 704, the inclined platform 101 is installed at the bottom end inside the device body 1, and the cleaning leakage pipe 102 is correspondingly installed at the bottom end of the right side of the inclined platform 101, the device is convenient to clean, and the cleaning efficiency of the device is improved.
The embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description, and are not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the invention in the form disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.

Claims (10)

1. A plant extraction and distillation device based on a layered separation technology is characterized in that: comprises a device body (1);
a fixed frame (104) is installed at the left end of the top surface of the device body (1), a feeding bin (2) is fixedly installed at the top end of the device body (1), a flow promoting device (5) is installed at the left side of the device body (1), and a cleaning device (7) is installed at the right end of the device body (1);
the bottom end in the feeding bin (2) is provided with a first motor (202), and the bottom end of the feeding bin (2) is provided with a filtering device (3);
the left end of the filtering device (3) is provided with a vibrating device (4), and the bottom end of the filtering device (3) is communicated and arranged at the top end of the device body (1);
an extraction device (6) is arranged at the top end of the flow promoting device (5), and the extraction device (6) is communicated with the device body (1).
2. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inside bottom in feeding storehouse (2) is equipped with one and smashes blade (201), smashes blade (201) and installs on first motor (202) of the inside bottom in feeding storehouse (2), and first motor (202) bottom is the annular array and is equipped with six fixed plates (203) and is connected with feeding storehouse (2) inner wall, and two adjacent fixed plates (203) are constituteed with the inner wall and are had hourglass silo (2031).
3. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the filtering device (3) comprises:
the top end of the filtering shell (301) is connected to the bottom end of the feeding bin (2) through a connecting sleeve (3011), the bottom end of the filtering shell (301) is connected to the top end of the device body (1) through a telescopic pipe (3012), a filter screen (302) is installed at the top end of the filtering shell (301), a supporting column (3013) is installed at the left end of the filtering shell (301), and a fixed groove body (3014) is formed at the right end of the filtering shell (301);
the first elastic piece (303), the first elastic piece (303) is installed on the support column (3013) at the left end of the filter shell (301);
the supporting device comprises a supporting seat (304), a through hole is formed in the supporting seat (304), the supporting seat (304) is installed at the top end of the device body (1), and a supporting column (3013) at the left end of the filter shell (301) is connected in the supporting seat (304) in a sliding mode.
4. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the vibration device (4) comprises:
the mounting base (401), the mounting base (401) is fixedly mounted at the top end of the device body (1), and a sliding hole is formed in the mounting base (401);
the second motor (402) is installed at the right end of the installation base (401), the left end of the second motor (402) is provided with a main vibrating piece (4021) in a driving mode, the left end of the main vibrating piece (4021) is of an annular tooth-shaped structure, and the left end of the main vibrating piece (4021) is provided with a sliding rod (4022);
the right end of the secondary vibrating piece (403) is meshed with the main vibrating piece (4021), a shaft sliding groove is formed in the inner portion of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece (403), and the left end of the secondary vibrating piece (403) is provided with a prism rod (4031);
the mounting seat (405), mounting seat (405) fixed mounting is at device body (1) top, and has seted up the prismatic smooth hole on mounting seat (405).
5. The plant extractive distillation apparatus based on the layer separation technology as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the sliding rod (4022) at the left end of the main vibrating piece (4021) is connected to the shaft sliding groove in the inner portion of the right end of the secondary vibrating piece (403) in a sliding mode, the prism rod (4031) at the left end of the secondary vibrating piece (403) is connected to the prism sliding hole of the mounting seat (405) in a sliding mode, the left end of the prism rod (4031) is inserted into the fixing groove body (3014) at the right end of the filter shell (301), and the prism rod (4031) is provided with the second elastic piece (404).
6. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the extraction device (6) comprises:
the device comprises an extraction bin (601), wherein the extraction bin (601) is arranged above the left end of a device body (1) through a support, a water outlet pipe (6011) is arranged at the bottom end of the extraction bin (601), an oil outlet pipe (6012) is arranged at the left end of the extraction bin (601), and an air release valve (6013) is arranged at the top end of the extraction bin (601);
the refrigeration water tank (602), the refrigeration water tank (602) is fixedly installed on the fixed mount (104) on the top end of the device body (1);
the water circulation system comprises a water circulation pump (603), wherein the water circulation pump (603) is arranged at the bottom end of a refrigeration water tank (602), and a circulation pipe (604) is arranged on the water circulation pump (603).
7. The plant extractive distillation apparatus based on the layer separation technology as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the top end of the extraction bin (601) is communicated and connected with the top end of the device body (1) through an air outlet pipe (105), the air outlet pipe (105) is obliquely arranged in a left-low-right-high mode, and a circulating pipe (604) is spirally arranged at the outer end of the air outlet pipe (105).
8. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the flow promoting device (5) comprises:
the third motor (501), the third motor (501) is installed on the left end of the outside of the device body (1);
the rotating blade (503) is installed inside the device body (1), and the rotating blade (503) is driven by the third motor (501) through the transmission rod (502).
9. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the device is characterized in that an inclined platform (101) is arranged at the bottom end inside the device body (1), a cleaning leakage pipe (102) is correspondingly installed at the bottom end of the right side of the inclined platform (101), a heater (103) is installed on the inclined platform (101), and a heating pipe (1031) is installed on the heater (103).
10. A plant extractive distillation apparatus based on a stratified separation technique as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cleaning device (7) comprises:
the ultrasonic cleaner (701), the ultrasonic cleaner (701) is fixedly installed at the right end of the outer side of the device body (1);
the mounting plate (702), the mounting plate (702) is mounted on the inner side of the device body (1), and four third elastic pieces (703) are mounted at the outer end of the mounting plate (702);
the cleaning head (704) is arranged inside the device body (1), and the cleaning head (704) is fixedly arranged at the left end of the fourth elastic piece (703).
CN202110607111.9A 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 Plant extraction and distillation device based on layered separation technology Pending CN113150874A (en)

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