CN1131400C - Solar, air, electric heating combined heat-pump system for heating, air-conditioning and heating water - Google Patents

Solar, air, electric heating combined heat-pump system for heating, air-conditioning and heating water Download PDF

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CN1131400C
CN1131400C CN 01117295 CN01117295A CN1131400C CN 1131400 C CN1131400 C CN 1131400C CN 01117295 CN01117295 CN 01117295 CN 01117295 A CN01117295 A CN 01117295A CN 1131400 C CN1131400 C CN 1131400C
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water
heat
condenser
air
evaporator
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CN1321866A (en
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侴乔力
刁鑫刚
权田
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大连冰山集团有限公司
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Abstract

一种采暖空调热水用太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,通过太阳空气电热三能源互补实现采暖空调热水三功能综合利用,依据地理和气象条件从11种运行方式中优选节能方案;实现空调与热水联供,避免户外热污染;统一循环水系统减少换热环节,降低制造成本,实现循环水显热蓄热,从而具有水环热泵优点;太阳能集热效率与系统供热系数高,蓄热密度大,融霜次数和时间少使供热量损失低,初投资与运行费低于复合前三项技术之合。 One kind of solar hot water heating and air conditioning heat pump system air-electric composite, three electric energy through the solar air heating and air conditioning to achieve complementary trifunctional hot water utilization, according to geographical and weather conditions of 11 operating in the energy saving mode is preferred; for air conditioning and heat water-supply, to avoid contamination of the outdoor heat; unified circulating water system reduces heat transfer links, and lower manufacturing costs, significant circulating water heat storage, so that the advantages of having a water loop heat pump; high efficiency solar collector system with heat coefficients, the thermal storage density large number of melting frost and less time for the low heat loss, the initial investment and operating costs lower than the first three complexes technologies.

Description

采暖空调热水用太阳空气电热复合热泵系统 Solar hot water heating and air conditioning with air complex electric heat pump system

本发明涉及一种利用太阳、空气、电热三能源实现采暖、空调、热水三功能复合热泵(3-3)系统。 The present invention relates to a sun, air, electric energy to achieve three heating, air conditioning, heat pump hot water trifunctional compound (3-3) system.

空气是广泛、均匀的热源,在各种不同温度下都能提供几乎任意数量的热量,这是目前空气热泵系统已在世界范围内广泛商业化的前提。 Air is wide, uniform heat source, can provide almost any number of heat at different temperatures, which is the air heat pump system has been used worldwide commercial premise. 然而由于空气温度随地区、季节变化大,因而在空气热泵系统的使用过程中存在如下问题:1、从冬季过低温度的空气中采热时,热泵系统难以启动、供热系数减小;2、为保持足够采热平均温差,热泵系统需要比制冷系统大得多的空气量掠过蒸发器,从而增加风机电耗,降低热泵系统供热系数;按经验,热泵系统每kW供热量实际使用1200m3/h的经济可行空气量;3、为保持空气温度和蒸发温度之间的5℃温差,在上述经济可行空气量条件下,所需蒸发器换热面积约两倍于单向制冷系统的蒸发器;4、空气温度在-5-+5℃之间时,由于空气绝对含湿量较高,因此存在盘管结霜现象,使换热效率降低,严重时会完全堵塞空气进口;5、上述4、工况时,需要每小时1-2次的融霜循环,此时热泵系统不供热,反而从建筑物内提取融霜热量,造成6-21%的供热量损失。 However, since the area with the air temperature, large seasonal variation, and thus there is a problem in the use of the process air in the heat pump system: 1, the hot air in winter taken from the low temperature, difficult to start the heat pump system, heat coefficient decreases; 2 to maintain sufficient heat recoverable average temperature difference, than the air passing the heat pump system requires a much larger amount of the refrigeration system evaporator, thereby increasing the wind electrical energy consumption, reduce the coefficient of heat pump system; empirically, per kW for the heat pump system the actual use 1200m3 / h of an economically viable amount of air; 3, 5 ℃ to maintain a temperature difference between the air temperature and the evaporating temperature, the amount of the air at economically feasible conditions, the desired area of ​​the evaporator heat exchanger cooling system about twice the one-way an evaporator; 4, the air temperature is between -5- + 5 ℃, due to the higher air absolute moisture content, there is the coil frosting the reduced heat exchange efficiency, and in severe air inlet completely blocked; 5, the above-described 4, when condition required 1-2 times per hour defrost cycle, the heat pump system is not heating at this time, instead of extracting heat from the defrost inside the building, resulting in 6-21% of the available heat loss.

采用空气热泵系统从封闭的居室阳台或塑料大棚内的温热空气中采热,虽然运行情况良好,但占用较大的有用空间。 Heat pump system using air collected from the warm air in the closed room balconies or plastic greenhouse, although the run well, but take up more valuable space.

太阳能也是广泛、均匀、高品位的理想热源,这是目前太阳能集热器已在世界范围内商业化的前提。 Solar is also widespread, uniform, ideal for high-grade heat source, which is the solar collector has worldwide commercial premise. 然而由于太阳能低密度的特征,使得太阳能集热器存在如下问题:1、¥5000-10000/kW的初投资,使其难以在现有工业平台上实现更大规模的商业化;2、当集热温度较高时,环境热损较大,导致集热效率降低。 However, due to the characteristics of solar low density, so that the solar collectors there is a problem: 1, the initial investment ¥ 5000-10000 / kW, making it more difficult to achieve on a commercial scale existing industrial platform; 2, when the set higher soaking temperature, ambient heat loss is larger, resulting in reduced collection efficiency.

相比之下电加热器的初投资最低,但长年连续运行时,耗电量巨大,因此也不宜独立运行。 Minimum initial investment compared to an electric heater, but many years of continuous operation, the power consumption is huge, and therefore should not be run independently.

本发明的目的是综合现有空气热泵系统、太阳能集热器、电加热器三种技术的优点,同时克服其各自单独技术的不足之处,提供一种由太阳、空气、电热三能源互补来实现采暖、空调、热水三功能的综合利用,以使15年内初投资与运行费之合最低的三位一体复合热泵(3-3)系统。 Object of the present invention is the conventional integrated air pump system, solar collectors, the advantages of the electric heater of the three techniques, while overcoming the shortcomings of their respective individual technology, a method by the sun, air, electric energy is complementary to three comprehensive utilization of heating, air conditioning, hot water three functions so as to minimize the combined capital and operating costs of the early 15th year of the Trinity heat pump (3-3) system.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

:附图1为本发明的系统流程图。 : The system of the present invention, the flowchart of Figure 1.

附图2为本发明中混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的剖面图。 2 of the present invention, mixed heat drawings, sectional view of the heat storage, an evaporator / condenser 1.

附图3为本发明中双向节流阀组3的流程图。 Figure 3 is a flowchart of a throttle valve in two-way set 3 of the present invention.

本发明采用的技术方案,即采暖空调热水用太阳空气电热复合热泵系统如附图1、附图2、附图3所示,其中:1-混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器;2-蒸发/冷凝管;3-双向节流阀组;4-流量调节阀;5-空气蒸发/冷凝器;6-循环水蒸发/冷凝器;7-四通换向阀;8-压缩机组;9-气液分离器;10-冷/热水循环泵;11-供水四通阀组;12-回水四通阀组;13-混水循环泵;14-混水三通阀组;15-集热联箱;16-混合三通阀组;17-风机盘管;18-热水器;19-热水盘管;20-定压、膨胀罐;21-循环水;22-相变蓄热管;23-电加热管;24-太阳能集热管;25-电动机;26-风机;27-节流阀;28-逆止阀;29-干燥过滤器。 The present invention adopts the technical solution, i.e. the solar hot water heating and air conditioning heat pump system such as an air heating complex figures 1, FIG. 2, shown in Figure 3, where: 1 - heat mix, heat storage, an evaporator / condenser; 2 - an evaporator / condenser; 3- throttle two-way set; 4- flow regulating valve; 5- air evaporator / condenser; 6- circulating water evaporator / condenser; 7- four-way valve; 8- compressor; 9- gas-liquid separator; 10- cold / hot water circulation pump; 11- water-way valve; 12- backwater four-way valve; 13- mixing water circulating pump; 14- mixing water three-way valve; 15 collecting header; 16- mixing tee valve; 17- fan coil; 18 heaters; 19- hot water coil; 20 constant pressure expansion tank; 21 circulating water; 22- phase-change thermal storage tube; 23- electrical heating tube; 24- solar collectors; 25 motor; 26- fan; 27- throttle valve; 28- check valve; 29- filter drier.

按照附图1、附图2、附图3所示的采暖空调热水用太阳空气电热复合热泵系统:混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中蒸发/冷凝管2的进/出口分别通过双向节流阀组3和2个流量调节阀4形成太阳侧支路,然后与空气蒸发/冷凝器5的进/出口分别通过双向节流阀组3和2个流量调节阀4形成的空气侧支路并联,并联通路的一端再通过管道顺次连接循环水蒸发/冷凝器6的制冷剂侧、四通换向阀7、压缩机组8、气液分离器9,最后再与该并联通路的另一端相联,形成太阳、空气、电热复合热泵系统回路;循环水蒸发/冷凝器6循环水侧的出口通过管道连接于供水四通阀组11,而回水四通阀组12通过管道连接于冷/热水循环泵10、循环水蒸发/冷凝器6循环水侧的进口,形成复合热泵系统供冷/热水回路;混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混水侧出口通过管道连接于混水循环泵13、混水三通阀组14 According to Figure 1, Figure 2, as shown in FIG. 3 with the solar hot water heating and air conditioning heat pump system air heating compound: mix heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser 1, an evaporator / condenser 2 inlet / outlet respectively bidirectional group 3 and two throttle flow rate control valve 4 forms the sun side branches, and then evaporated with an air / condenser inlet / outlet 5 are conditioned air side of the valve 4 is formed by a two-way throttle flow rate groups 3 and 2 parallel branch, and then one end of the parallel path 6 are sequentially connected to the refrigerant side of the water circulating evaporator / condenser through a conduit, the four-way valve 7, compressor 8, a gas-liquid separator 9, and finally the Unicom with the other end of the road, forming the sun, the air, the composite electric circuit of the heat pump system; 6 circulation water outlet side of the circulating water evaporator / condenser through a supply conduit connected to the four-way valve 11, the four-way valve 12 through the return conduit 10 connected to the cold, import / hot water circulation pump circulating the water evaporator / condenser 6 side of the circulating water, to form a composite heat pump system cooling / hot water circuit; hot mix, mixing water side heat storage evaporator / condenser 1 mixing water outlet connected by a conduit to a circulation pump 13, three-way valve 14 Hunshui ,混水三通阀组14再通过管道连接于集热联箱15、混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混合侧进口,形成集热回路;混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混水侧出口通过管道连接于混水循环泵13、混水三通阀组14,混水三通阀组14再通过管道连接于供水四通阀组11,而回水四通阀组12通过管道连接于混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混合侧进口,形成供热回路;供水四通阀组11通过管道连接于风机盘管17系统、回水四通阀组12,形成采暖、空调冷/热水回路;供水四通阀组11通过管道连接于热水器18系统中的热水盘管19、回水四通阀组12,形成加热水回路;定压、膨胀罐20的定压管成2路分别连接于集热联箱15的出口和冷/热水循环泵10的入口。 , Mixing water three-way valve, mixing inlet side evaporator / condenser 1 through the header pipe 15 is connected to the collector, the three-way mixing valve 16, the hot mix, regenerator 14, the collector circuit is formed; hot mix, mixing water-side outlet of the heat accumulator, evaporator / condenser through a conduit 1 is connected to the mixing water circulation pump 13, three-way valve 14 mixing with water, and then mixing with water three-way valve 14 through the pipe four-way valve 11 is connected to a water supply, and the four-way valve 12 through a return conduit connected to the mixing tee valve 16, the hot mix, the heat accumulator inlet-side mixing, evaporator / condenser 1, the heating circuit is formed; water through the four-way valve 11 is connected to the duct fan coil system 17, the four-way return valve 12, a heating, air conditioning cold / hot water circuit; a four-way valve 11 through a water supply conduit 18 is connected to a water heater of a hot water coil system 19, the four-way valve backwater 12, the heating water circuit is formed; constant pressure expansion tank 20 is set to a pressure pipe passage 2 are connected to the collector outlet header inlet 15 and the cold / hot water circulation pump 10.

混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1内的循环水21中,同时均匀布置着流通制冷剂的蒸发/冷凝管2、填充相变工质的相变蓄热管22、电加热管23;其中蒸发/冷凝管2和相变蓄热管22可以是直管,也可是螺旋盘管;相变工质为相变温度6-66℃的结晶水合盐、石蜡、酯酸。 Mixed heat, the circulating water in the heat storage 1, the evaporator / condenser 21, while a uniform arrangement of the evaporated refrigerant flows / condenser 2, the phase change of the working fluid filling phase change thermal storage tube 22, the electrical heating tube 23; wherein evaporator / condenser 2 and a phase change thermal storage tube 22 may be a straight tube, but also the helical coil; working substance is a crystalline phase change hydrated salt, paraffin wax, ester acid phase transition temperature of 6-66 deg.] C.

集热联箱15所集太阳辐射由1-10000根平行相间的热管真空管型或全玻璃真空管型太阳能集热管24实现。 Collector header 15 by the solar radiation 1-10000 sets of parallel spaced vacuum heat pipe type or all-glass vacuum tube type solar collector 24 to achieve.

空气蒸发/冷凝器5的空气侧由电动机25驱动风机26。 Air side air evaporator / condenser 5 by a motor 25 drives the fan 26.

1个节流阀27与1个逆止阀28反向并联,组成单向节流阀组;2组单向节流阀组再同类型阀门反向串联,2组中间还串联1个干燥过滤器29,从而组成双向节流阀组3。 A throttle valve 27 and a check valve 28 in inverse parallel, the group consisting of a one-way throttle valve; group 2 group and then reverse one-way throttle valve of the same type in series, the two groups connected in series a further intermediate filtered and dried 29, thereby constituting a two-way throttle valve 3 group.

混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的电加热管23可省去。 Mixing heat, heat storage, in an evaporator / condenser electric heating tube 23 can be omitted.

由热水器18中的热水盘管19组成的加热供水回路可省去。 Water is heated by a heater circuit 18 is composed of a hot water coil 19 may be omitted.

本发明的工作原理结合附图1、附图2、附图3说明如下:一、太阳能集热系统供热方式当出现太阳辐射和/或混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的循环水21的温度大于风机盘管17的采暖供水温度和/或热水器18的加热供水温度时,混水循环泵13启动,以驱动循环水21流经混水三通阀组14后,进行:1、集热循环:循环水21流经集热联箱15、混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的相变蓄热管22,构成集热循环,以把从太阳能集热管24中选择性翼片表面吸收太阳全射辐射并由热管导入上端集热联箱15,最后以对流方式释放的集热,输送到混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1内,再通过对流方式把一部分集热传递给相变蓄热管22的外表面,并由其中的相变工质以吸热熔解方式蓄热。 Working principles of the invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings 1, 2, 3 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS: a solar collector system in the heating mode cycle when sun radiation and / or mass heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser occurs after the temperature of the water 21 is greater than the fan coil 17 and the heating temperature of the heating water temperature of the water, mixing water circulation pump / heater 18 or 13 is activated to drive the circulating water 21 flows through the three-way valve 14 mixing water, a: 1, circulating collector: circulating water 21 flows through the collector header 15, the three-way mixing valve 16, the hot mix, heat storage, in an evaporator / condenser phase change thermal storage tube 22, constituting the heat accumulating cycle in order from the solar collector tube airfoil surface 24 to selectively absorb radiation emitted by the whole solar heat collector tubing into the upper header 15, and finally to release the convection heat collector, heat delivered to the mix, the heat storage evaporator / condenser 1, and then pass by convection to the outer surface of the collector portion of the phase change thermal storage tube 22, by which the working fluid is a phase change heat storage in the endothermic melting manner.

2、供热循环:循环水21流经供水四通阀组11、风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统、回水四通阀组12、混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1,构成供热循环,把以对流方式从相变蓄热管22和/或电加热管23中,接受的凝固放热和/或电加热,输送给风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统。 2, heating circulation: circulation water supply 21 flows through the four-way valve 11, fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18, the four-way return valve 12, the three-way mixing valve 16, the hot mix, heat storage , evaporator / condenser 1 constitutes heating circulation, convection from the phase change thermal storage tube 22 and / or the electric heating tube 23, receiving heat coagulation and / or electric heating, and is supplied to the fan coil systems 17 / 18 or the heater system.

3、混水循环:即集热循环与供热循环的并联循环,其中来自集热联箱15的集热循环供水,与来自回水四通阀组12的供热循环回水经过混合三通阀组16后混合均温。 3, mixing with water cycle: i.e. in parallel with the heating circulation loop cycle collector, wherein the collector circulation water from the collector header 15, the four-way valve and the heating circulation return return valve 12 passes through the mixing tee from after mixing average temperature set 16.

二、热泵系统供热方式1、太阳热泵循环系统:当混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的循环水21温度小于风机盘管17的采暖供水温度和/或热水器18的加热供水温度时,压缩机组8启动,以驱动制冷剂流经四通换向阀7、循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、流量调节阀4、双向节流阀组3、蒸发/冷凝管2、流量调节阀4、四通换向阀7、气液分离器9,构成太阳热泵循环系统,以把蒸发/冷凝管2中采集的低位热能泵至循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内;冷/热水循环泵10预先启动,以驱动循环水21流经循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、供水四通阀组11、风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统、回水四通阀组12、冷/热水循环泵10,构成供热回路,以把循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内的冷凝放热输送给风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统。 Second, the heat pump system 1, the solar heat pump cycle system: heat when mixed, heat storage, in an evaporator / condenser circulating water temperature is less than 21 fan coil for heating water temperature and the heating water temperature of 17/18 or the heater when the compressor 8 is actuated to drive the refrigerant flows through the four-way valve 7, the water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, the flow regulating valve 4, a two-way throttle valve 3 group, evaporation / condenser 2, the flow rate control valve 4 , 7, 9, constituting the heat pump cycle solar system 2 to the acquisition evaporation / condenser circulating water pump to the low heat evaporation / condenser gas-liquid separator 6 four-way valve; cold / hot water circulation pump 10 previously activated to drive the water 21 flows through the circulating water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, water four-way valve 11, fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18, the four-way return valve 12, the cold / hot water circulation pump 10, constituting the heating circuit, the water circulating in the evaporative cooling / heat in the condenser 6 is supplied to the fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18.

2、空气热泵循环系统:当混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的循环水21温度低于风机盘管17的采暖供水温度和/或热水器18的加热供水温度时,压缩机组8启动,以驱动制冷剂流经四通换向阀7、循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、流量调节阀4、双向节流阀组3、空气蒸发/冷凝器5、流量调节阀4、四通换向阀7、气液分离器9,构成空气热泵循环系统,以把空气蒸发/冷凝器5中采集的低位热能泵至循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内;冷/热水循环泵10预先启动,以驱动循环水21流经循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、供水四通阀组11、风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统、回水四通阀组12、冷/热水循环泵10,构成供热回路,以把循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内的冷凝放热输送给风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统。 2, the air circulation heat pump system: heat when mixed, heat storage, in an evaporator / condenser for heating circulating water temperature is below 21 fan coil 17 and the water temperature when the heating water temperature, compressor 8 promoter / or heater 18 to drive the refrigerant flows through the four-way valve 7, the water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, the flow regulating valve 4, a two-way throttle valve group 3, an air evaporator / condenser 5, flow rate control valve 4, a four-way reversing valve 7, the gas-liquid separator 9, a heat pump cycle constituting the air system, the air in the evaporator / condenser 5 is collected in the circulating water to the low heat pump evaporator / condenser 6; cold / hot water circulation pump 10 starts in advance to driving the water circulating water 21 flows through the circulating evaporator / condenser 6, water four-way valve 11, fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18, the four-way return valve 12, the cold / hot water circulation pump 10, constituting heating circuit to the evaporative cooling water circulating / heat in the condenser 6 is supplied to the fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18.

3、太阳、空气复合热泵循环系统:当混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的循环水21温度低于风机盘管17的采暖供水温度和/或热水器18的加热供水温度时,压缩机组8启动,以驱动制冷剂流经四通换向阀7、循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、三通、2路流量调节阀4、2路双向节流阀组3、蒸发/冷凝管2和空气蒸发/冷凝器5、2路流量调节阀4、三通、四通换向阀7、气液分离器9,构成太阳、空气复合热泵循环系统,以把蒸发/冷凝管2和空气蒸发/冷凝器5中采集的低位热能泵至循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内;冷/热水循环泵10预先启动,以驱动循环水21流经循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、供水四通阀组11、风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统、回水四通阀组12、冷/热水循环泵10,构成供热回路,以把循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内的冷凝放热输送给风机盘管17系统和/或热水器18系统。 3, the sun, the air circulation heat pump system of composite: when the hot mix, heat storage, in an evaporator / condenser 21 circulating water temperature is lower than the temperature of the heating water supply fan coil 17 and the heating temperature and / or heater 18, the compression unit 8 starts to drive the refrigerant flows through the four-way valve 7, the water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, three-way, 2-way flow regulating valves 4,2 are bidirectional throttle valve 3 group, evaporation / condenser 2 and air evaporator / condenser 5,2-way flow rate control valve 4, the three-way, four-way valve 7, the gas-liquid separator 9 constituting the sun, the air circulation heat pump the composite system to the evaporator / condenser 2 and the evaporator air / collected in the condenser 5 to the low heat pump circulation water evaporator / condenser 6 inside; cold / hot water circulation pump 10 starts in advance, to drive the water 21 flows through the circulating water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, the four-way valve 11 water , fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18, the four-way return valve 12, the cold / hot water circulation pump 10, heating circuit configured to heat the circulation water evaporation condensation / supplied to the condenser 6 fan coil system 17 and / or the water heater system 18.

三、制冷系统与太阳能集热系统供冷/热方式1、制冷循环系统:压缩机组8启动,以驱动制冷剂流经四通换向阀7、流量调节阀4、空气蒸发/冷凝器5、双向节流阀组3、流量调节阀4、循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、四通换向阀7、气液分离器9,构成制冷循环系统,以把循环水蒸发/冷凝器6中提取的热能泵至空气蒸发/冷凝器5中,向环境空气释放。 Third, the solar collection system and the refrigeration system cooling / heat mode 1, a refrigeration cycle system: Compressor 8 is actuated to drive the refrigerant flows through the four-way valve 7, flow rate control valve 4, an air evaporator / condenser 5, bidirectional throttle valve group 3, flow rate control valve 4, the water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, four-way valve 7, the gas-liquid separator 9, a refrigeration cycle system, the water circulating in the evaporator / condenser 6 extraction an air heat pump to the evaporator / condenser 5, released into the ambient air.

2、制冷/供热联合循环系统:压缩机组8启动,以驱动制冷剂流经四通换向阀7、流量调节阀4、蒸发/冷凝管2、双向节流阀组3、流量调节阀4、循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、四通换向阀7、气液分离器9,构成制冷/供热联合循环系统,以把循环水蒸发/冷凝器6中提取的热能泵至蒸发/冷凝管2后向加热供水释放。 2, the cooling / heating combined cycle system: Compressor 8 is actuated to drive the refrigerant flows through the four-way valve 7, flow rate control valve 4, an evaporator / condenser 2, a two-way throttle valve group 3, flow rate control valve 4 , circulating water evaporator / condenser 6, four-way valve 7, the gas-liquid separator 9 constituting the cooling / heating combined cycle system, the water circulating in the evaporator 6 is extracted / heat pump condenser to the evaporator / condenser 2 after the release of the heating water.

3、空调循环系统:冷/热水循环泵10启动,以驱动循环水21流经循环水蒸发/冷凝器6、供水四通阀组11、风机盘管17系统、回水四通阀组12、冷/热水循环泵10,构成空调回路,以把循环水蒸发/冷凝器6内的吸热蒸发冷量输送给风机盘管17系统。 3, air conditioning cycle system: cold / hot water circulation pump 10 is actuated to drive the circulating water 21 flows through the water circulating evaporator / condenser 6, water four-way valve 11, fan coil system 17, the four-way valve 12 backwater , cold / hot water circulation pump 10, constituting the air-conditioning circuit, the water circulating in the heat-absorbing evaporator / condenser in the refrigeration evaporator 6 is supplied to the fan coil system 17.

4、热水循环系统:当混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中的循环水21温度大于热水器18的加热供水温度时,混水循环泵13启动,以驱动循环水21流经混水三通阀组14、供水四通阀组11、热水器18系统、回水四通阀组12、混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1,把以对流方式从混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中接受的蓄热和/或电加热输送给热水器18系统。 4, hot water circulation system: When mixed hot water circulating in the heat storage 1, evaporator / condenser 21 the water temperature is greater than the heating temperature of the heaters 18, mixing with water circulation pump 13 is actuated to drive the circulating water flowing through the mixing with water three 21 through the valve 14, the four-way valve 11 the water supply, water heater system 18, the four-way return valve 12, the three-way mixing valve 16, the hot mix, heat storage, evaporator / condenser 1, the heat by convection from the mixing , heat storage, evaporation / condenser in a heat storage accepted and / or the electric heating system is supplied to the heater 18.

5、混水循环系统:集热循环与供热循环并联循环,其中来自集热联箱15的集热循环供水,与来自回水四通阀组12的供热循环回水经过混合三通阀组16后混合均温。 5, mixing water circulation system: parallel collector circulation and heating circulation cycle, wherein the circulating water from collector with the collector tank 15, and return four way valve 12 via the heating circulation return valve from the mixing tee 16 after mixing average temperature.

与现有技术相比,本发明的优点如下:1、通过太阳、空气、电热三能源互补实现采暖、空调、热水三功能综合利用;2、依据地理和气象条件从11种运行方式中优选节能方案;3、实现空调与热水联供,使用户热量自平衡,避免户外热污染;4、把蒸发/冷凝管2、相变蓄热管22、电加热管23整合到混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的循环水21中,利用统一的循环水21系统,减少换热环节和环境热损,降低制造成本;5、集热回路、供热回路、采暖/空调回路、热水回路等形成统一的循环水21系统,其全部管路中的循环水21,既作为显热蓄热体,又作为导热性良好的热媒体,减小其与蒸发/冷凝管2、相变蓄热管22、电加热管23的换热温差,从而提高系统供热系数,使本发明兼具水环热泵系统的优点;6、通过太阳能集热管24、相变蓄热管22的集热、蓄热作用,使太阳热泵循 Compared with the prior art, advantages of the present invention are as follows: 1, through the sun, the air, electric energy is complementary to implement three heating, air conditioning, hot water trifunctional utilization; 2, according to geographical and weather conditions are preferably from 11 kinds of operating modes energy saving; 3, for air conditioning and hot water supply with the user from the heat balance, to avoid contamination of the outdoor heat; 4, the evaporator / condenser 2, phase change thermal storage tube 22, the electrical heating tube 23 integrated into the hot mix, heat storage , circulating the water evaporator / condenser 1 21, using a unified circulating water system 21, to reduce heat loss and environmental heat transfer links, reduce manufacturing costs; 5, collector circuit, heating circuit, the heating / air-conditioning circuit, hot water other to form a unified loop water circulation system 21, the circulating water pipe 21 in its entirety, both as sensible heat heat storage element, and as the heat transfer medium having good thermal conductivity, which is reduced to the evaporation / condenser 2, a phase change storage the heat pipe 22, the temperature difference electric heating tube 23, thereby increasing the heat factor system, both the advantages of the present invention is water loop heat pump system; 6, through the solar collector tube 24, the phase-change thermal storage heat collecting pipe 22, the heat storage the role of the solar cycle heat pump 系统或太阳、空气复合热泵循环系统的平均采热蒸发温度接近或高于环境温度,从而提高系统供热系数;7、太阳能集热既可作为供热,也可作为太阳热泵循环系统的采热,从而实现太阳能集热的分级利用;8、太阳热泵循环系统可把集热温度降低至接近于环境的温度,从而减少环境热损,提高太阳能集热效率;9、把相变工质填充于相变蓄热管22内,可减轻其导热系数低和凝固收缩时产生空气间隙对充/放热速率的影响;同时也提高混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1内的蓄热密度,使其体积减小;10、太阳、空气复合热泵循环系统的运行使空气蒸发/冷凝器5的蒸发采热量减半,从而降低采热温差,减少融霜循环次数和循环时间,降低供热量损失;11、在采暖、空调、热水三功能综合利用的前提下,由于实现了太阳、空气、电热三能源互补,从而使得本发明在15 System or the sun, the average temperature of the air taken composite thermal evaporation heat pump system near or above ambient temperature, thereby improving the heating system coefficients; 7, the solar collector can be used as heat, solar heat can be taken as a heat pump system , enabling the use of solar collectors classification; 8, the solar heat collecting heat pump cycle system can reduce the temperature to near ambient temperature, thereby reducing heat loss environment, to improve the efficiency of the solar collector; 9, the phase change in the working fluid filling phase air gap affects the charge / time rate of change thermal storage heat pipe 22, low thermal conductivity and reduce solidification shrinkage; storage density while also improving the mixing heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser 1, it volume reduction; 10, the sun, the composite operation of the air air heat pump system evaporator / condenser heat of evaporation taken halve 5, thereby reducing the temperature difference between the heat mining, defrost cycle times and reducing cycle time, for reducing heat loss; 11, in the heating, air conditioning, hot water provided utilization of tri-functional, due to the realization sun, air, electric energy three complementary, so that the present invention 15 内的初投资与运行费之合,远低于空气热泵系统、太阳能集热器、电加热器,这三项技术分别实现采暖、空调、热水三功能时的投资与运行费之合。 Initial investment and operating costs of closing in, well below the system air heat pumps, solar collectors, electric heaters, which are three technologies to achieve heating, air conditioning, co-investment and operating costs of the three-function when hot water.

实施例本发明提出的采暖空调热水用太阳空气电热复合热泵系统的实施例如附图1、附图2、附图3所示,现说明如下:由厚1.2mm不锈钢板制成的直径800mm、高2500mm的混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1中,直径10mm铜制螺旋蒸发/冷凝盘管2的进/出口分别通过双向节流阀组3和2个流量调节阀4形成太阳侧支路;然后与铜管套铝翅片式、换热面积40m2的空气蒸发/冷凝器5的进/出口,分别通过双向节流阀组3和2个流量调节阀4形成的空气侧支路并联;该并联通路的一端再通过管道顺次连接不锈钢、换热速率14kW的板式换热器6的R22侧、四通换向阀7、功率4.0kW的全封闭涡旋式压缩机组8、气液分离器9,最后再与该并联通路的另一端相联,形成太阳、空气复合热泵循环系统回路;板式换热器6循环水侧的出口通过管道连接于供水四通阀组11,而回水四通阀组12通过管道连接于流量3m3/h、 The proposed embodiment of the present invention with the embodiment of the solar hot water heating and air conditioning electric air pump system, such as composite Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in the figures, 3 will now be described as follows: a thickness of 1.2mm in diameter made of stainless steel 800mm, mixed 2500mm high thermal heat storage, evaporator / condenser in a 10mm diameter copper coil evaporator / condenser coil 2 inlet / outlet are formed by a bidirectional solar collateral throttle valve group 3 and two flow rate control valve 4 road; then finned tube with aluminum and copper, the heat exchange area of ​​40m2 air evaporator / condenser 5 inlet / outlet air-side parallel branches formed by bidirectional throttle valve group 3 and two flow rate control valve 4 ; end of the parallel path is then sequentially connected by stainless steel pipe, the heat transfer rate of 14kW R22 side plate heat exchanger 6, the four-way valve hermetic scroll-type compressor 7, the power of 4.0kW 8, gas liquid separator 9, and finally with the other end of the parallel path and to form the sun, the air circulation heat pump system of the composite circuit; circulating water outlet 6 of the plate heat exchanger side through a pipe four-way valve 11 is connected to a water supply, and the four-way valve 12 through a return conduit connected to the flow rate of 3m3 / h, 扬程14mH2O的冷/热水循环泵10、板式换热器6循环水侧的进口,形成复合热泵循环系统的供冷/热水回路;混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混水侧出口通过管道连接于流量3m3/h、扬程14mH2O的混水循环泵13、混水三通阀组14,混水三通阀组14再通过管道连接于集热联箱15、混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混合侧进口,形成集热回路;混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混水侧出口通过管道连接于混水循环泵13、混水三通阀组14,混水三通阀组14再通过管道连接于供水四通阀组11,而回水四通阀组12通过管道连接于混合三通阀组16、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1的混合侧进口,形成供热回路;供水四通阀组11通过管道连接于风机盘管17系统、回水四通阀组12,形成采暖、空调冷/热水回路;供水四通阀组11通过管道连接于厚1.2mm不锈钢板制成的直径300mm、长800mm热水器18 Cooling / cold water circuit 10, the circulating water inlet 6 side of the plate heat exchanger 14mH2O head / hot water circulating pump, forming a composite heat pump system; mixing water mix heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser 1 side through the outlet conduit connected to the flow rate 3m3 / h, the head 14mH2O mixing water circulation pump 13, three-way valve 14 mixing with water, and then mixing with water three-way valve 14 is connected to the collector header 15 through the conduit, the mixing tee valve 16 , mixed heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser side of the inlet 1 of the mixture, forming the collector circuit; mix heat, heat storage, mixing with water-side outlet of the evaporator / condenser is connected to a mixed water circulation pump 13 through a pipe, mixing with water three through the valve 14, the three-way valve 14 and through mixing with water is connected to the water supply pipe four-way valve 11, and the four-way valve 12 through a return conduit connected to the mixing tee valve 16, the hot mix, heat storage, and evaporated / inlet side of the condenser 1 is mixed, forming a heating circuit; four-way valve 11 is connected to a water supply fan coil system through line 17, return the four-way valve 12, a heating, air conditioning cold / hot water circuit; water four diameter of the through valve 11 through the pipe is connected to a plate made of stainless steel 1.2mm thick 300mm, 800mm long heater 18 统中直径10mm的不锈钢热水盘管19、回水四通阀组12,形成加热供水回路;体积201的定压、膨胀罐20的直径15mm定压管成2路分别连接于集热联箱15的出口和冷/热水循环泵10的入口。 System 10mm diameter stainless steel hot water coil 19, return the four-way valve 12, the heating water circuit is formed; 201 constant pressure volume, the expansion tank 20 of 15mm diameter at constant pressure into a pipe passage 2 are connected to the collector header the inlet and outlet of the cold / hot water circulation pump 10 15. 混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器1内的循环水21中,同时均匀布置着流通R22的蒸发/冷凝管2、400根直径32mm填充熔点30℃石蜡的不锈钢相变蓄热直管22、电加热管23。 Mixing heat, thermal storage, a circulating water in the evaporator / condenser 21, while a uniform arrangement of the circulation evaporator R22 / condenser 2,400 32mm in diameter filled with 30 deg.] C melting point paraffin phase change thermal storage stainless steel straight tube 22, electric heating tube 23. 集热联箱15所集太阳辐射热量由110根平行相间、长2000mm、直径100mm的热管真空管型太阳能集热管24提供,太阳能集热管24由壁厚2.5mm高硼硅玻璃管封接,维持10-3Pa压力,其中玻璃透光率0.87,内部采用铜制热管外裹宽92mm、长1950mm的铝制吸光翼片,翼片选择性吸光表面的太阳光吸收率0.92、红外发射率0.8,热管伸出太阳能集热管24封口端的12mm接头通过导热胶插入集热联箱15的传热铝块插孔内。 The current collector header 15 by the heat of solar radiation 110 parallel spaced, 2000mm long, 100mm diameter heat pipe vacuum tube type solar collector 24 provided by the solar collector tube 24 wall thickness of 2.5mm borosilicate glass tube sealed, for 10 -3Pa pressure, wherein the light transmittance of the glass 0.87, using an internal copper heat pipe outer wrap width 92mm, length 1950mm aluminum light absorbing fin, flap selective solar absorption of the light-absorbing surface of 0.92, an infrared emissivity of 0.8, the heat pipes extending closed end 24 of the connector into the solar collectors 12mm collector box by a thermally conductive glue with a heat transfer receptacle 15 within the aluminum block. 1个节流阀27与1个逆止阀28反向并联,组成单向节流阀组;2组单向节流阀组再按同型阀门反向串联,2组中间还串联1个干燥过滤器29,从而组成双向节流阀组3。 A throttle valve 27 and a check valve 28 in inverse parallel, the group consisting of a one-way throttle valve; 2-way throttle valve group according to the group with the anti-series type valve, the two groups connected in series a further intermediate filtered and dried 29, thereby constituting a two-way throttle valve 3 group. 空气蒸发/冷凝器5的空气侧由电动机25驱动低噪音轴流风机26。 Air side air evaporator / condenser 5 is driven by a motor 25 with low noise axial flow fan 26. 本发明实施例在日平均太阳全射辐射强度700W/m2、日照时间8小时、日平均环境气温-10℃的气象条件下,循环供水21温度55℃时,可实现采暖、热水的制热功率18.0kW,供热系数4.0,总输入电功率4.5kW,距离机组1m处运行噪音60dB,运行重量200kg。 In embodiments of the present invention the whole day average solar incident radiation intensity 700W / m2, time of 8 hours of sunshine, the average ambient temperature of -10 ℃ the weather conditions, the loop 21 water temperature 55 ℃, can realize heating, hot water heating power 18.0kW, heating coefficient of 4.0, the total input power 4.5kW, at a distance of 1m 60dB noise unit operation, operating weight 200kg. 本发明实施例在日平均太阳全射辐射强度700W/m2、日照时间8小时、日平均环境气温35℃的气象条件下,循环供水21温度55℃时,可实现空调制冷功率13.5kW,热水供热功率4.8kW,制冷系数COP3.0,总输入电功率4.5kW。 In embodiments of the present invention the whole day average solar incident radiation intensity 700W / m2, time of 8 hours of sunshine, weather conditions daily average ambient air temperature of 35 ℃, the loop 21 water temperature 55 ℃, air conditioning can be achieved 13.5 kW cooling power, hot water heating power of 4.8kW, refrigeration coefficient COP3.0, the total input power 4.5kW.

Claims (7)

1.一种由压缩机、制冷剂-水蒸发/冷凝器、制冷剂-空气蒸发/冷凝器、节流阀、四通换向阀、风机盘管等组成的空气-水热泵系统,其特征是:本采暖空调热水用太阳空气电热复合热泵系统中,混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)中蒸发/冷凝管(2)的进/出口分别通过双向节流阀组(3)和2个流量调节阀(4)形成太阳侧支路,然后与空气蒸发/冷凝器(5)的进/出口分别通过双向节流阀组(3)和2个流量调节阀(4)形成的空气侧支路并联,并联通路的一端再通过管道顺次连接循环水蒸发/冷凝器(6)的制冷剂侧、四通换向阀(7)、压缩机组(8)、气液分离器(9),最后再与该并联通路的另一端相联,形成太阳、空气、电热复合热泵系统回路;循环水蒸发/冷凝器(6)循环水侧的出口通过管道连接于供水四通阀组(11),而回水四通阀组(12)通过管道连接于冷/热水循环泵(10)、循环水蒸发/冷凝器(6)循 A compressor, the refrigerant - Air Air evaporator / condenser, a throttle valve, four-way valve, and other components of the fan coil - - water evaporator / condenser, the refrigerant-water heat pump system, characterized in They are: this solar hot water heating and air conditioning heat pump system air electric composite, mixed heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser evaporator / condenser (2) of the inlet / outlet, respectively, through the bidirectional throttle group (3 (1) ) and two flow regulating valve (4) forms the sun side branches, and then air evaporator / condenser (5) of the inlet / outlet, respectively, through the bidirectional throttle valve group (3) and two flow regulating valve (4) is formed the refrigerant side of the air-side parallel branches, one end of the parallel path again connected sequentially circulating water evaporator / condenser via line (6), the four-way valve (7), compressor (8), gas-liquid separator (9), and finally with the other end of the parallel path and to form the sun, the air, the composite electric circuit of the heat pump system; circulation water outlet side of the circulating water evaporator / condenser (6) connected to a water supply conduit via the four-way valve (11), and return the four-way valve (12) connected by a conduit to the cold / hot water circulation pump (10), the water circulating evaporator / condenser (6) liable 水侧的进口,形成复合热泵系统供冷/热水回路;混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)的混水侧出口通过管道连接于混水循环泵(13)、混水三通阀组(14),混水三通阀组(14)再通过管道连接于集热联箱(15)、混合三通阀组(16)、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)的混合侧进口,形成集热回路;混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)的混水侧出口通过管道连接于混水循环泵(13)、混水三通阀组(14),混水三通阀组(14)再通过管道连接于供水四通阀组(11),而回水四通阀组(12)通过管道连接于混合三通阀组(16)、混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)的混合侧进口,形成供热回路;供水四通阀组(11)通过管道连接于风机盘管(17)系统、回水四通阀组(12),形成采暖、空调冷/热水回路;供水四通阀组(11)通过管道连接于热水器(18)系统中的热水盘管(19)、回水四通阀组(12),形成加热水回路;定压、膨胀罐(20)的定 The water inlet side of the heat pump system to form a composite Cooling / hot water circuit; mix hot side outlet of the mixing water, heat storage, evaporator / condenser (1) is connected to the mixing water circulation pump (13) through a conduit, mix water three-way valve group (14), mixing with water three-way valve (14) is connected to the collector through the conduit header (15), a three-way mixing valve (16), mixed with heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser (1) mixing inlet side, the collector circuit is formed; hot mix, mixing water-side outlet of the heat accumulator, evaporator / condenser (1) is connected to the mixing water circulation pump (13) through a conduit, mixing with water three-way valve (14), mixing with water the three-way valve (14) through the water supply pipe is connected to the four-way valve (11), and return the four-way valve (12) is connected by a conduit to a mixing tee valve (16), mixed with heat, heat storage, evaporator / condenser (1) mixing inlet side to form a heating circuit; four-way supply valve (11) is connected through a conduit to a fan coil (17) system, the four-way return valve (12) to form a heating, conditioned cold / hot water circuit; four-way supply valve (11) through a conduit connected to the water heater (18) hot water coil (19) in the system, return the four-way valve (12), a heating water circuit is formed; given pressure expansion tank (20) is given 管成2路分别连接于集热联箱(15)的出口和冷/热水循环泵(10)的入口。 Shaped pipe passage 2 is connected to a collector header (15) and the outlet of the cold / hot water circulating pump inlet (10).
2.按照权利要求1、所述的太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,其特征在于:混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)内的循环水(21)中,同时均匀布置着流通制冷剂的蒸发/冷凝管(2)、填充相变工质的相变蓄热管(22)、电加热管(23);其中蒸发/冷凝管(2)和相变蓄热管(22)可以是直管,也可是螺旋盘管;相变工质为相变温度6-66℃的结晶水合盐、石蜡、酯酸。 2. The according to claim 1, said composite solar air-heating heat pump system, characterized by: mixing heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser circulating water (21) in (1) while the refrigerant flows evenly arranged evaporator / condenser (2), the fill phase change phase change thermal storage working medium (22), the electrical heating tube (23); wherein the evaporator / condenser (2) and the phase-change thermal storage tube (22) may be a straight tube , it may also be a helical coil; working substance is a crystalline phase change hydrated salt, paraffin wax, ester acid phase transition temperature of 6-66 deg.] C.
3.按照权利要求1、所述的太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,其特征在于:集热联箱(15)所集太阳辐射由1-10000根平行相间的热管真空管型或全玻璃真空管型太阳能集热管(24)实现。 3. The claim 1, said composite solar air-heating heat pump system, characterized in that: the collector header (15) from the solar radiation collector of parallel spaced 1-10000 vacuum tube type heat pipe or a full glass vacuum tube type solar collector heat pipes (24) implemented.
4.按照权利要求1、所述的太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,其特征在于:空气蒸发/冷凝器(5)的空气侧由电动机(25)驱动风机(26)。 4. according to claim 1, said composite solar air-heating heat pump system, characterized in that: an air side air vaporizer / condenser (5) by a motor (25) driving the fan (26).
5.按照权利要求1、所述的太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,其特征在于:1个节流阀(27)与1个逆止阀(28)反向并联,组成单向节流阀组;2组单向节流阀组再同类型阀门反向串联,2组中间还串联1个干燥过滤器(29),从而组成双向节流阀组(3)。 5. according to claim 1, said composite solar air-heating heat pump system, characterized in that: a throttle valve (27) with a check valve (28) inverse parallel, the group consisting of a one-way throttle valve; group 2 group and then reverse one-way throttle valve of the same type in series, the two groups connected in series a further intermediate drying filter (29), thereby constituting a two-way throttle valve group (3).
6.按照权利要求1、所述的太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,其特征在于:混热、蓄热、蒸发/冷凝器(1)中的电加热管(23)可省去。 6. The claim 1, said composite solar air-heating heat pump system, characterized by: mixing heat, thermal storage, evaporator / condenser power (1) in the heating tube (23) may be omitted.
7.按照权利要求1、所述的太阳空气电热复合热泵系统,其特征在于:由热水器(18)中的热水盘管(19)组成的加热供水回路可省去。 7. claim 1, said composite solar air-heating heat pump system, characterized in that: the water is heated by the heater circuit (18) in a hot water coil (19) consisting of may be omitted.
CN 01117295 2001-04-30 2001-04-30 Solar, air, electric heating combined heat-pump system for heating, air-conditioning and heating water CN1131400C (en)

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CN100427844C (en) * 2003-10-31 2008-10-22 戈 潘 Hot-water supply and radiating heating combination apparatus with solar, peak-to-valley electric heat accumulation
CN100572973C (en) 2003-10-31 2009-12-23 戈 潘 Hot water supplying and refrigerating device with solar heat collection and peak and valley electricity heat storage
CN1892142B (en) * 2005-06-28 2013-09-04 潘戈 Solar, heat-pump composite, stepped-heating type energy-storage hot-water making method and special device
CN100404980C (en) 2006-02-27 2008-07-23 黄道德 Hot-pump water heater with air source
CN100470170C (en) 2007-01-11 2009-03-18 清华大学 Integral air-conditioning system with solar assisted air source inter-critical carbon dioxide heat pump
CN100467964C (en) 2007-01-25 2009-03-11 河北农业大学 Air condition device using diversiform natural environmental protective energy sources
CN100580339C (en) 2008-05-07 2010-01-13 中原工学院 Solar injection electric compression heat pump combined air-conditioning unit
CN101706180B (en) 2009-05-25 2011-03-30 广东志高空调有限公司 Solar energy composite energy air-conditioning water heating device
CN101936624B (en) * 2010-10-18 2011-11-30 郑州中南科莱空调设备有限公司 Capillary network heat pump system utilizing solar energy
CN102563780A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-11 广州同方瑞风空调有限公司 Solar air-conditioning heat source system device
CN103528295B (en) * 2013-11-04 2015-12-09 山东宏力热泵能源股份有限公司 The energy-saving residential central air-of compound energy heat-pump-type and control method thereof
CN104006574B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-08-24 清华大学 A kind of composite solar air source heat pump
CN105333492B (en) * 2014-06-17 2018-06-26 青岛经济技术开发区海尔热水器有限公司 The heat source control method of multi-source heating system
CN104251573B (en) * 2014-09-04 2017-01-11 清华大学 Single-evaporator-type solar energy and air source combined heat pump and running method thereof

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