CN113134278A - Environment management device for garbage transfer station - Google Patents

Environment management device for garbage transfer station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113134278A
CN113134278A CN202110521589.XA CN202110521589A CN113134278A CN 113134278 A CN113134278 A CN 113134278A CN 202110521589 A CN202110521589 A CN 202110521589A CN 113134278 A CN113134278 A CN 113134278A
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transfer station
spray
pipe
lateral
station according
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CN113134278B (en
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周国庆
朱福新
梅亚宏
王均林
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Jiangsu Shengjiu Environmental Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Shengjiu Environmental Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/14Packed scrubbers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/007Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by irradiation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/32Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/346Controlling the process
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/84Biological processes
    • B01D53/85Biological processes with gas-solid contact
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/86Catalytic processes
    • B01D53/8678Removing components of undefined structure
    • B01D53/8687Organic components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/70Organic compounds not provided for in groups B01D2257/00 - B01D2257/602
    • B01D2257/708Volatile organic compounds V.O.C.'s
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/804UV light
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/818Employing electrical discharges or the generation of a plasma
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

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  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Oil, Petroleum & Natural Gas (AREA)
  • Analytical Chemistry (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Toxicology (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Treating Waste Gases (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection for garbage disposal facilities, in particular to an environment management device for a garbage transfer station. The environment management device for the garbage transfer station is used for extracting and purifying air in the garbage transfer station through the matching of the host, the spray tower, the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device, the negative pressure fan and the electric liquid pump, so that the garbage transfer station is not smelly any more, the physical and mental health of workers and people is not influenced any more in peculiar smell places, and people have a good working state; handle control through photocatalysis plasma composite treatment device, the rethread spray column purifies out the dust fall with the gas after handling, promotes purifying effect greatly.

Description

Environment management device for garbage transfer station
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection for garbage disposal facilities, in particular to an environment management device for a garbage transfer station.
Background
With the continuous improvement of living standard of people and the increasing requirements on environmental conditions, the garbage station with the traditional significance in cities and countryside can not meet the requirements of people on new concepts of high efficiency, environmental protection, energy conservation, low consumption and the like, so the popularization of the compression type garbage station is imperative. The compression type garbage transfer station has the advantages of small occupied area, good concealment, reasonable space structure and the like, and leads the development of the garbage transfer station industry.
At present, the number of the domestic garbage harmless treatment sites in China cities is more than 700, and the harmless treatment rate of the domestic garbage in China cities is 52%. The garbage disposal of Chinese cities is firstly collected. The domestic garbage collection mode of the Chinese city is basically mixed collection, and the mixed collection mainly comprises three modes, namely, a collection container is placed in a fixed place, such as a residential area, two sides of a street and other public places. Special sanitation personnel are responsible for collecting the waste in these containers each day. Secondly, a fixed garbage collection station is built in a residential area, and residents can throw household garbage to the garbage station every day. And thirdly, the garbage channel is designed in the high-rise residential building of China when the garbage channel is built, the garbage channel is directly communicated from one floor to the top floor, residents can throw garbage into the garbage channel, and sanitation personnel can take the garbage from the bottom floor. The collection of residential household garbage through a garbage channel is the most common collection mode of the garbage in residential areas.
The collected waste is transported to a waste transfer station by a special garbage truck. The refuse transport vehicle is completely sealed. The waste is transported to a transfer station for a first step of treatment.
The garbage placed in the garbage transfer station for a long time is easy to breed bacteria due to rotting and fermentation, and a large amount of irritant gas is generated and is emitted to the surrounding environment, so that the surrounding air environmental sanitation and the resident life are seriously influenced.
Therefore, the control treatment device is required to be installed on the garbage transfer station, the traditional environment treatment device is simple and fixed in structure, and most of openings of treatment equipment are directly exposed outside during operation and leisure time, so that the safety and the durability are very limited, the treatment efficiency cannot be automatically adjusted according to the treatment capacity, and the treatment efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: in order to solve the problems existing in the background art, an improved environment management device for a garbage transfer station is provided, and the problems that the traditional environment treatment device applied to the garbage transfer station is simple and fixed in structure, most of openings of treatment equipment are directly exposed outside during operation and idle time, so that the safety and the durability are very limited, the treatment efficiency cannot be automatically adjusted according to the treatment capacity, and the treatment efficiency is low are solved.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: an environment management device for a garbage transfer station comprises a host machine with a built-in PLC control system, a spray tower, a photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device, a negative pressure fan and an electric liquid pump, the air outlet of the negative pressure fan is communicated with the air inlet of the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device through a first air guide pipe, the air outlet of the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device is communicated with the air inlet of the spray tower through a second air guide pipe, an inner spray pipe is fixedly assembled in the spray tower, an inner telescopic pipe is inserted in the inner spray pipe, the top end of the inner telescopic pipe is axially fixed with a top sealing spray cover for controlling the flow of an opening at the upper end of the spray tower, the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe is provided with a lateral spray opening internally provided with a linkage type sealing cover, and the outer side surface of the inner telescopic pipe is provided with a plurality of lateral spray holes internally provided with spray nozzles corresponding to the lateral spray opening.
The inner spray pipe is internally provided with a bottom extrusion chamber communicated with the second air guide pipe, the bottom end of the inner telescopic pipe is axially fixed with a sealing piston, and the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe is provided with a lateral air outlet communicated with the inside of the bottom extrusion chamber.
The linkage type sealing cover is characterized in that a first assembling support of an integrated structure is fixedly connected to the inner side face of the linkage type sealing cover, a second assembling support of an integrated structure is fixedly connected to the outer side face of the inner telescopic pipe, and a control connecting rod is movably assembled between the first assembling support and the second assembling support.
The inner side surface of the spray tower is positioned at the upper end opening position and is movably provided with a top closed cover plate through an L-shaped mounting bracket.
The inner side surface of the inner spray pipe is provided with an inclined containing groove corresponding to the assembling position of the control connecting rod.
The outer side surface of the inner telescopic pipe is fixedly welded with a lateral water inlet pipe, and a lateral sealing cover box is fixedly connected between the inner side surface of the spray tower and the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe.
The lower surface of the top sealing spraying cover and the upper surface of the spraying tower are both conical sealing surfaces which are matched with each other.
The lower surface of the top sealing spraying cover is provided with a strip-shaped closed groove matched with the top closed cover plate.
The lower surface of the top closed cover plate is fixedly welded with a bottom assembly frame with an opening at one side, and an activated carbon block for adsorption is inserted into the bottom assembly frame.
The electric liquid pump is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the lateral sealing cover box through a fixed support, and the liquid outlet of the electric liquid pump is communicated with the inside of the lateral water inlet pipe through a lateral metal hose.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the environment management device for the garbage transfer station is used for extracting and purifying air in the garbage transfer station through the matching of the host, the spray tower, the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device, the negative pressure fan and the electric liquid pump, so that the garbage transfer station is not smelly any more, the physical and mental health of workers and people is not influenced any more in peculiar smell places, and people have a good working state;
(2) the control is processed by the photocatalytic plasma composite processing device, and the processed gas is purified by the spray tower to remove dust, so that the purification effect is greatly improved;
(3) the inner spray pipe with the built-in inner telescopic pipe is fixedly assembled in the spray tower, the inner spray pipe is filled into the bottom extrusion chamber to control the inner telescopic pipe to lift, so that an opening at the upper end of the spray tower is opened and closed, a top sealing spray cover and a spray nozzle are opened simultaneously, and spray treatment is carried out on air in the spray tower, so that the top flow and the spray amount can be automatically adjusted according to the input air pressure, the control is convenient, the spray tower is automatically closed at idle time, the gas is prevented from leaking, and the safety and the durability of equipment are improved;
(4) the negative pressure fan is adopted to directly pump the air in the garbage transfer station into the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device and the spray tower, closed treatment is adopted, pollutants in the air can be prevented from leaking, and the working efficiency and the external environment are improved.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an internal sectional view of a spray tower of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the interior of the sealed piston end of fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view of the mounting end of the top seal shower enclosure of fig. 2.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic views illustrating only the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention.
The environment management device for the garbage transfer station shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4 comprises a host with a built-in PLC control system, spray column 1, photocatalysis plasma composite treatment device 2, negative-pressure air fan 3 and electronic drawing liquid pump 4, negative-pressure air fan 3's air outlet is linked together through first guide duct and photocatalysis plasma composite treatment device 2 air inlet, photocatalysis plasma composite treatment device 2's air outlet is linked together through second guide duct 5 and spray column 1 air inlet, spray column 1 inside fixed be equipped with inside shower 6, inside 6 inside pegs graft of inside shower has inside flexible pipe 7, inside flexible pipe 7 top axial fixation has the top seal spray cover 8 that is used for controlling spray column 1 upper end opening flow, the side direction shower 10 of built-in coordinated type sealed cowling 9 has been seted up on the inside shower 6 lateral surface, the side direction shower hole of 18 built-in shower nozzles 11 has been seted up to inside flexible pipe 7 lateral surface corresponding side shower 10 positions.
The host machine with the built-in PLC control system adopts a microcomputer control system, and realizes automatic startup and shutdown, automatic spraying, automatic spray frequency conversion, automatic working time frequency conversion, automatic control of photocatalysis and plasma equipment startup and shutdown, automatic fault alarm and smart phone app remote control management. And a large amount of labor cost and operation cost are saved for the client.
The PLC integrated control cabinet has the protection functions of overload, short circuit, open-phase protection and the like. It has compact structure, stable operation and complete functions. The method is widely applied to industries such as electric power, metallurgy, chemical industry, papermaking and environmental protection sewage treatment.
The intelligent electrical control system consists of a PLC/human-computer interface automatic control system, an intelligent mobile phone app remote control management system and an internet + expansion interface. The system can complete equipment automation and process automation control, realize perfect network function, and has the characteristics of stable performance, expandability, strong interference resistance and the like. The PLC control cabinet, the frequency conversion cabinet and the like can be designed according to user demands, user requirements are met, and the PLC control cabinet, the frequency conversion cabinet and the like can be matched with a human-computer interface touch screen to achieve the purpose of easy operation.
The spray tower 1 utilizes the contact between gas and liquid to transmit the pollutants in the gas into the liquid, and then separates the clean gas from the polluted liquid, thereby achieving the purpose of cleaning air. The waste gas is treated by a gas-liquid reverse absorption mode through a spray tower, namely, liquid is sprayed downwards from the top of the tower in a mist shape (or small liquid drops). The waste gas is contacted with the gas in the tower body (reverse flow).
The spray tower sucks the collected waste gas into the tower through the negative pressure fan 3, and the waste gas flows through the filling layer section (a medium for gas/liquid contact reaction) to make the waste gas fully contact with liquid medicine (washing liquid) flowing on the surface of the filling so as to adsorb acidic or alkaline dirt contained in the waste gas. The treatment method can cool the waste gas, condition the gas and remove particles, and the waste gas is discharged after being treated by the demisting section. The spray tower is mainly designed with 4 inspection windows. Meanwhile, the microbial deodorant is added into the liquid medicine, so that the deodorization effect is better.
The deodorization principle of the microbial deodorant is as follows: in the process of using effective microorganism for deodorization, the microorganism deodorization is divided into three processes: the mass transfer process of changing part of odor from gas phase to liquid phase is explained at present, and the theory of the mass transfer process is mainly an adsorption-biological membrane theory proposed according to the adsorption theory; second, the odor dissolved in water is absorbed by the microorganisms through cell walls and cell membranes of the microorganisms. The odor insoluble in water is firstly attached to the outside of the microorganism, and extracellular enzymes secreted by the microorganism are decomposed into soluble substances and then permeate into cells; thirdly, after entering cells, the odor is decomposed and utilized as a nutrient substance in vivo by microorganisms. So that the odor can be removed. The deodorizing effect is influenced by the nature of the treated gas, the nature and structure of the packing, the operating conditions, etc.
After the odor is decomposed by different kinds of microorganisms, the products are different: nitrogen-containing odor such as amides is decomposed into NH by ammoniation of microorganism3,NH3Further oxidized into a stable nitric acid compound under the action of nitrosobacteria and nitrobacteria; the sulfur-containing odor is decomposed by microorganisms (photosynthetic bacteria-sulfurous bacteria) to generate H2S,H2S is oxidized to sulfuric acid by sulfur bacteria.
It is mainly used for treating Hydrogen Chloride (HC)1) Gas, sulfuric acid (H)2SO4) Fog, ammonia (NH)3) Hydrogen sulfide (H)2S), and the like, and can also be used for dust fall.
The photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device 2 uses high-energy ultraviolet light beams and ozone to carry out a synergistic decomposition oxidation reaction on organic waste gas VOCs and the like, so that the organic waste gas VOCs and the like are degraded into low-molecular compounds, water and carbon dioxide, and the purpose of purification is achieved.
Plasma and photocatalysis integrated waste gas treatment equipment, including plasma treatment chamber and photocatalysis treatment chamber, the last downside of plasma treatment chamber is equipped with insulating platform, the insulating bench is equipped with the slot, the last downside of plasma reaction module is equipped with the inserted block, and it is fixed that the plasma reaction module passes through the inserted block and inserts the slot, the inside of photocatalysis treatment chamber is equipped with the photocatalysis module, the photocatalysis module comprises mount, ultraviolet tube and photocatalysis stick, the left and right sides support inboard of mount is equipped with the fluorescent tube slot, it is fixed that ultraviolet tube inserts the fluorescent tube slot through the contact pin at both ends, the jack that the photocatalysis stick inserted on the mount through the inserted column at both ends is fixed. The plasma and photocatalysis integrated waste gas treatment equipment combines plasma treatment and photocatalysis treatment to comprehensively purify waste gas, and the plasma and photocatalysis integrated waste gas treatment equipment and the waste gas treatment equipment can supplement each other, so that the defects of a single treatment technology can be overcome, and an excellent purification treatment effect can be achieved.
In practice, it has been found that photocatalysis produces more ozone than plasma. Therefore, in design, large particle molecules are treated by photocatalytic treatment, and then small particle molecules are treated by plasma treatment, so that effective complementation and deodorization are realized with higher efficiency.
The photo-oxidation of the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device 2 is a deep photo-degradation technology at normal temperature. The technology generates light quanta with different energies by a UV excitation light source with a specific wavelength; the waste gas substance strongly absorbs the light quanta, and the molecules of the waste gas substance are dissociated and excited under the bombardment of a large amount of energy-carrying light quanta; oxygen and moisture in the air and the added ozone can generate a large amount of nascent hydrogen, active (free) oxygen, hydroxyl oxygen and other active groups under the (decomposition) action of the photon; because the positive and negative electrons carried by the free oxygen are unbalanced, the free oxygen needs to be combined with oxygen molecules to generate ozone, and the ozone has strong oxidation effect on organic matters after the ultraviolet light beam is irradiated and decomposed; part of the waste gas substances can also react with the active groups and are finally degraded and converted into low molecular compounds and CO2And H2O and other harmful substances, thereby achieving the purpose of purifying the waste gas.
The reaction process is as follows:
Figure BDA0003064173500000081
Figure BDA0003064173500000082
Figure BDA0003064173500000083
the low-temperature plasma waste gas purification device adopts a low-temperature plasma technology, and the principle is as follows: the pulse voltage generated by the pulse power supply is output to the high voltage generator, and the pulse high voltage generated by the high voltage generator is transmitted to the machine core with a plurality of positive and negative electrodes. The positive electrode continuously releases electrons to the negative electrode, and the electrons (with average energy of about 5eV) move between the two electrodes at high speed to generate a low-temperature plasma electric field. When harmful gas (benzene, toluene, xylene, etc.) passes through the plasma high-voltage electric field, the chemical bonds of the harmful gas molecules are opened by high-energy electrons and are connected with O in the impure gas2Is combined to generate H2O、CO2And low molecular and harmless substances, and the effect of purifying and treating waste gas is achieved.
The negative pressure fan 3 is a novel ventilation cooling device, is widely applied to indoor places such as various factory workshops, chicken farms, pig farms, greenhouse greenhouses and internet bars, and can effectively solve the problem of poor ventilation of high temperature sultriness, smoke odor, dust and the like in the environment.
The type of the negative pressure fan 3 is selected according to the components of the exhaust gas required in the environment, and the negative pressure fan 3 in the current market is mainly made of two materials, namely a negative pressure fan made of a glass fiber reinforced plastic anti-corrosion material and a negative pressure fan made of a galvanized sheet metal material. The machine adopts a negative pressure fan 3 made of glass fiber reinforced plastic anticorrosive material.
Furthermore, in order to control the lifting in a matching manner, a bottom extrusion chamber 12 communicated with the second air guide pipe 5 is formed inside the inner spray pipe 6, a sealing piston 13 is axially fixed at the bottom end of the inner telescopic pipe 7, and a lateral air outlet 14 communicated with the inside of the bottom extrusion chamber 12 is formed in the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe 6.
Further, in order to facilitate lifting linkage, a first assembly support 15 of an integrated structure is fixedly connected to the inner side face of the linkage type sealing cover 9, a second assembly support 16 of an integrated structure is fixedly connected to the outer side face of the inner telescopic pipe 7, a control connecting rod 17 is movably assembled between the first assembly support 15 and the second assembly support 16, and further, in order to facilitate installation and top closure, a top closure cover plate 18 is movably assembled on the inner side face of the spray tower 1, located at the upper end opening position, through an L-shaped mounting support 188.
The top sealing shower enclosure 8 presses down on the top closure flap 18, allowing the L-shaped mounting bracket 188 to flex.
Further, in order to match with the internal storage, an inclined storage groove is formed in the inner side face of the internal spray pipe 6 corresponding to the assembly position of the control connecting rod 17, in order to match with lateral water inlet and mount the infusion mechanism, a lateral water inlet pipe 19 is welded and fixed on the outer side face of the internal telescopic pipe 7, and a lateral sealing cover box 20 is fixedly connected between the inner side face of the spray tower 1 and the outer side face of the internal spray pipe 6.
Further, in order to improve the sealing performance and facilitate the top closing, the lower surface of the top sealing spraying cover 8 and the upper surface of the spraying tower 1 are both conical sealing surfaces which are matched with each other, and further, in order to improve the guidance performance and the sealing performance, the lower surface of the top sealing spraying cover 8 is provided with a strip-shaped closed groove 21 matched with the top closed cover plate 18. The top closure flap 18 is inserted inside the strip-shaped closure groove 21 to close the seal.
Further, for counter weight and top adsorption filtration, surface welded fastening has one side open-ended bottom assembly frame 22 under the closed apron 18 of top, and bottom assembly frame 22 is inside to be pegged graft and is used for absorbent active carbon piece 23, and further, for the inside infusion of cooperation, electronic drawing liquid pump 4 passes through the fixed bolster and installs the bottom surface in lateral seal cover box 20, and the liquid outlet of electronic drawing liquid pump 4 is inside to be linked together through lateral metal collapsible tube 24 and lateral water inlet pipe 19.
According to the environment management device for the garbage transfer station, the air in the garbage transfer station is pumped and purified through the matching of the host, the spray tower 1, the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device 2, the negative pressure fan 3 and the electric liquid pump 4, so that the garbage transfer station is not smelly any more, the physical and mental health of workers and people is not influenced any more in peculiar smell places, and people have a good working state; the control is processed by the photocatalytic plasma composite processing device 2, and the processed gas is purified by the spray tower 1 to remove dust, so that the purification effect is greatly improved; the inner spray pipe 6 with the built-in inner telescopic pipe 7 is fixedly assembled in the spray tower 1, the inner telescopic pipe 7 is controlled to ascend and descend by filling the bottom extrusion chamber 12 into the inner spray pipe 6, so that an upper end opening of the spray tower 1 is opened and closed, the top sealing spray cover 8 and the spray nozzle 11 are opened at the same time, and spray treatment is carried out on air in the spray tower 1, so that the top flow and the spray amount can be automatically adjusted according to the input air pressure, the control is convenient, meanwhile, the automatic closing is carried out at idle time, the gas is prevented from leaking, and the safety and the durability of equipment are improved; the negative pressure fan is adopted to directly pump the air in the garbage transfer station into the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device 2 and the spray tower, closed treatment is adopted, pollutants in the gas can be prevented from leaking, and the working efficiency and the external environment are improved.
According to the working principle, a negative pressure fan 2 and an electric liquid pump 4 are started synchronously, then the negative pressure fan 2 pumps a garbage transfer station into a photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device 2, then the garbage transfer station is guided into a bottom extrusion chamber 12 to drive a sealing piston 13 to lift, the sealing piston 13 drives an inner telescopic pipe 7 to lift, the inner telescopic pipe 7 synchronously drives a linkage type sealing cover 9 to turn outwards to drive a top sealing spraying cover 8 to lift, and an opening at the upper end of a spraying tower 1 is opened; on the contrary, when the negative pressure fan 2 and the electric liquid pump 4 are synchronously closed, the inner telescopic pipe 7 and the sealing piston 13 descend due to gravity, and the side spraying opening 10 and the upper end opening of the spraying tower 1 are closed.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, many modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a rubbish transfer station uses environment management device, includes host computer, spray column (1), photocatalysis plasma composite processing apparatus (2), negative-pressure air fan (3) and electronic drawing liquid pump (4) of built-in PLC control system, characterized by: the air outlet of the negative pressure fan (3) is communicated with the air inlet of the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device (2) through a first air guide pipe, the air outlet of the photocatalytic plasma composite treatment device (2) is communicated with the air inlet of the spray tower (1) through a second air guide pipe (5), an inner spray pipe (6) is fixedly assembled in the spray tower (1), an inner telescopic pipe (7) is inserted in the inner spray pipe (6), a top sealing spray cover (8) for controlling the flow of an opening at the upper end of the spray tower (1) is axially fixed at the top end of the inner telescopic pipe (7), a lateral spray opening (10) with a built-in linkage type sealing cover (9) is arranged on the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe (6), the outer side surface of the inner telescopic pipe (7) is provided with a plurality of lateral spraying holes with built-in spraying nozzles (11) corresponding to the lateral spraying openings (10).
2. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 1, wherein: the inner spray pipe (6) is internally provided with a bottom extrusion chamber (12) communicated with the second air guide pipe (5), the bottom end of the inner telescopic pipe (7) is axially fixed with a sealing piston (13), and the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe (6) is provided with a lateral air outlet (14) communicated with the inside of the bottom extrusion chamber (12).
3. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 1, wherein: the linkage type sealing cover is characterized in that a first assembling support (15) of an integrated structure is fixedly connected to the inner side face of the linkage type sealing cover (9), a second assembling support (16) of an integrated structure is fixedly connected to the outer side face of the inner telescopic pipe (7), and a control connecting rod (17) is movably assembled between the first assembling support (15) and the second assembling support (16).
4. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 1, wherein: the inner side surface of the spray tower (1) is positioned at the upper end opening position and is movably provided with a top closed cover plate (18) through an L-shaped mounting bracket (188).
5. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 3, wherein: the inner side surface of the inner spray pipe (1) is provided with an inclined containing groove corresponding to the assembling position of the control connecting rod (17).
6. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 3, wherein: a lateral water inlet pipe (19) is fixedly welded on the outer side surface of the inner telescopic pipe (7), and a lateral sealing cover box (20) is fixedly connected between the inner side surface of the spray tower (1) and the outer side surface of the inner spray pipe (6).
7. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 3, wherein: the lower surface of the top sealing spraying cover (8) and the upper surface of the spraying tower (1) are both conical sealing surfaces which are matched with each other.
8. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 4, wherein: the lower surface of the top sealing spraying cover (8) is provided with a strip-shaped closed groove (21) matched with the top closed cover plate (18).
9. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 4, wherein: and a bottom assembly frame (22) with an opening at one side is welded and fixed on the lower surface of the top closed cover plate (18), and an activated carbon block (23) for adsorption is inserted into the bottom assembly frame (22).
10. The environmental management apparatus for a trash transfer station according to claim 4, wherein: the electric liquid pump (4) is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the lateral sealing cover box (20) through a fixed support, and the liquid outlet of the electric liquid pump (4) is communicated with the inside of the lateral water inlet pipe (19) through a lateral metal hose (24).
CN202110521589.XA 2021-05-13 2021-05-13 Environment management device for garbage transfer station Active CN113134278B (en)

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CN116617790A (en) * 2023-07-03 2023-08-22 海南省悦沐医疗科技有限公司 Moxa cigarette purifying and smoke removing machine

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CN212039754U (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-12-01 陕西天仁雪农业科技有限公司 Deodorization system for garbage transfer station
CN112026713A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-04 迈博智能装备(武汉)有限公司 Car washer of servo linkage

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CN106964222A (en) * 2017-04-15 2017-07-21 山东菁华环境科技有限公司 A kind of garbage compression station plasma deodorization mechanism
WO2020073110A1 (en) * 2018-10-11 2020-04-16 Юрий Петрович Шаповалов System and method for purifying waste gases of organic compounds
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Denomination of invention: An environmental management device for garbage transfer stations

Granted publication date: 20220222

Pledgee: Bank of China Limited Dongtai Branch

Pledgor: JIANGSU SHENGJIU ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2024980011070