CN108465369A - A kind of biological deodorizing device - Google Patents

A kind of biological deodorizing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108465369A
CN108465369A CN201710098160.8A CN201710098160A CN108465369A CN 108465369 A CN108465369 A CN 108465369A CN 201710098160 A CN201710098160 A CN 201710098160A CN 108465369 A CN108465369 A CN 108465369A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
deodorization
winding paper
biological deodorizing
pretreatment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710098160.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许佳铭
王四青
杨远胜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Sky Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Sky Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Sky Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Sky Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710098160.8A priority Critical patent/CN108465369A/en
Publication of CN108465369A publication Critical patent/CN108465369A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/84Biological processes
    • B01D53/85Biological processes with gas-solid contact
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0027Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with additional separating or treating functions
    • B01D46/0036Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with additional separating or treating functions by adsorption or absorption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of biological deodorizing devices,Including the first deodorization chamber * winding paper,Second deodorization chamber * winding paper and pretreatment chamber,The top of first deodorization chamber * winding paper, which is run through, exhaust outlet,Motor-driven valve is equipped in the exhaust outlet,The first biological deodorizing plate is equipped between first deodorization chamber * winding paper and the second deodorization chamber * winding paper,The second biological deodorizing plate is equipped between second deodorization chamber * winding paper and pretreatment chamber,The left side wall top of the pretreatment chamber is equipped with atomising device,Using biomass castoff as filler,The mechanism for odorant of degrading with approach such as metabolism is grown using functional microorganism,The biochemical process of deodorization is not likely to produce the secondary pollution of environment,Without the post-processing or regeneration for carrying out deodorization medium,It is with the obvious advantage,And it is once filtered by adsorption plate,The larger particles impurity in gas can be filtered,Pass through spray equipment,Ensure the moist environment needed for microorganism growth,Deodorization is carried out by biological deodorizing plate twice,It can preferably realize deodorizing effect.

Description

A kind of biological deodorizing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental protection technical field, specific field is a kind of deodorization device.
Background technology
Waste (such as rubbish of feces of livestock and poultry, sewage disposal plant excess sludge, garbage transfer and terminus) is in generation, heap A large amount of stink substance (including volatile toxic substance) is put and released during discharging, air dirt is directly resulted in Dye, can damage domestic animal, operating personnel and neighboring area crowd health, even result in death.It is dilute to rely on traditional high altitude discharge Interpretation of the law belongs to the transferring other spots of odorous substance, does not remove odorant fundamentally;Conventional materialization deodorization process (such as absorption method, Neutralisation, catalytic oxidation etc.) though have preferable deodorizing effect, operating cost and high energy consumption, effect stability it is poor and handle Object is single.
If absorption method needs to consume a large amount of activated carbon, the material costs such as absorption resin, synthetic zeolite are higher, need simultaneously Material is regularly replaced, secondary pollution is also easy to produce;For another example neutralisation needs to regularly replace filling acidity or alkaline absorption solution, absorbing liquid After-treatment cost is big, demands strict technology, and process object is relatively fixed single, usually sour gas or alkaline gas;It urges Change oxidation rule high energy consumption, catalyst is generally rare metal, expensive, and technique manufacturing technology is high, easily breaks down, residing The exhaust gas of reason is mainly toxic and harmful gas, smelting exhaust gas, and chemical emission etc. is not suitable for farm, refuse landfill or fertilizer Expect that the foul gas of factory is administered.For this purpose, it is proposed that a kind of biological deodorizing device.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of biological deodorizing devices, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:A kind of biological deodorizing device, including the first deodorization The top of room, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper and pretreatment chamber, first deodorization chamber * winding paper is equipped with electronic through there is exhaust outlet in the exhaust outlet Valve is equipped with the first biological deodorizing plate, second deodorization chamber * winding paper and pretreatment chamber between first deodorization chamber * winding paper and the second deodorization chamber * winding paper Between be equipped with the second biological deodorizing plate, the first biological deodorizing plate and the second biological deodorizing plate are all made of biomass castoff As filler, the left side wall top of the pretreatment chamber is equipped with atomising device, and the front side wall of the pretreatment chamber is equipped with air inlet pipe, Check valve is equipped in the air inlet pipe, there are two bracket, the brackets for clamping successively from top to bottom for the inside of the pretreatment chamber On be mounted on adsorption filter board, reservoir chamber, the water storage are formed between the adsorption filter board of the lower section and the bottom surface of pretreatment chamber The bottom of room is through with drainpipe, and check valve is equipped in the drainpipe.
Preferably, the inner wall of first deodorization chamber * winding paper is equipped with processor, and the processor is electrically connected with temperature by electric conductor Control sensor, humidity sensor, H2S detector and motor-driven valve.
Preferably, first deodorization chamber * winding paper, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper and the front side wall of pretreatment chamber are equipped with maintenance door, described The outer surface of maintenance door is welded with handle.
Preferably, the maintenance door and the contact portion of the first deodorization chamber * winding paper, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper and pretreatment chamber are equipped with Sealing ring.
Preferably, first deodorization chamber * winding paper, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper and the inner wall of pretreatment chamber are all covered with erosion shield.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of biological deodorizing device, utilizes biomass castoff (such as straw, sawdust, imperial chaff) is used as filler, and the machine for odorant of degrading with approach such as metabolism is grown using functional microorganism System, the biochemical process of deodorization are not likely to produce the secondary pollution of environment, without the post-processing or regeneration for carrying out deodorization medium, advantage Obviously, and by adsorption plate it is once filtered, the larger particles impurity in gas can be filtered, by spray equipment, protected The moist environment needed for microorganism growth is demonstrate,proved, deodorization is carried out by biological deodorizing plate twice, can preferably realize deodorizing effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the overlooking structure diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1 first deodorization chamber * winding paper, 2 second deodorization chamber * winding papers, 3 pretreatment chamber, 4 exhaust outlets, 5 first biological deodorizing plates, 6 second Biological deodorizing plate, 7 atomising devices, 8 air inlet pipe, 9 brackets, 10 reservoir chambers, 11 drainpipes, 12 processors, 13 maintenance doors, 14 Hand.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
- 3 are please referred to Fig.1, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:A kind of biological deodorizing device, including the first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1, It is given birth to by pretreatment and two-stage through there is exhaust outlet 4 on the top of second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2 and pretreatment chamber 3, first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1 Object deodorizing process, the gas that reaches discharge standard be discharged into the external world by exhaust outlet 4, be equipped with motor-driven valve in the exhaust outlet 4, If gas is to reach discharge standard after treatment, controller can control motor-driven valve and remain off, and ensure discharge gas Quality, the first biological deodorizing plate 5,2 He of the second deodorization chamber * winding paper are equipped between first deodorization chamber * winding paper, 1 and second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2 The second biological deodorizing plate 6 is equipped between pretreatment chamber 3, the first biological deodorizing plate 5 and the second biological deodorizing plate 6 are all made of Biomass castoff grows the mechanism for odorant of degrading with approach such as metabolism, the life of deodorization with functional microorganism as filler Change process is not likely to produce the secondary pollution of environment, without carry out deodorization medium post-processing or regeneration, the pretreatment chamber 3 Left side wall top is equipped with atomising device 7, and atomising device 7 can ensure micro- to two pieces of biological deodorizing plate injection waters or nutrient solution The front side wall of substance needed for biological growth, the pretreatment chamber 3 is equipped with air inlet pipe 8, and check valve is equipped in the air inlet pipe 8, Prevent the gas in processing from reversely flowing out, there are two brackets 9 for clamping successively from top to bottom for the inside of the pretreatment chamber 3, described Adsorption filter board is mounted on bracket 9, adsorption filter board can filter particle and impurity larger in gas, the absorption of the lower section Reservoir chamber 10 is formed between filter plate and the bottom surface of pretreatment chamber 3, the bottom of the reservoir chamber 10 is through with drainpipe 11, the row Check valve is equipped in water pipe 11, the water or nutrient solution ejected by atomising device 7 is stored by reservoir chamber 10, is periodically recycled, It utilizes again, reduces the waste of resource.
Specifically, the inner wall of first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1 is equipped with processor 12, the processor 12 is electrically connected by electric conductor It is connected to temperature control sensor, humidity sensor, H2S detector and motor-driven valve, it can be with by temperature control sensor and humidity sensor It detects the indoor environment of deodorization to grow if appropriate for microorganism, when can detect filtered gas by H2S detector Meet discharge standard, is opened if meeting discharge standard processor 12 and controlling motor-driven valve, the gas after deodorization is discharged into the external world.
Specifically, the front side wall of first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2 and pretreatment chamber 3 is equipped with maintenance door 13, the outer surface of the maintenance door 13 is welded with handle 14, each warehouse inside the present invention convenient to overhaul and replacement biology Deodorizing plate and adsorption filter board.
Specifically, the contact portion of the maintenance door 13 and the first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2 and pretreatment chamber 3 It is equipped with sealing ring, prevents the gas in deodorisation process excessive.
Specifically, the inner wall of first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1, the second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2 and pretreatment chamber 3 is all covered with anticorrosion painting Layer prevents from damaging the present invention containing corrosive deposit in gas.
Operation principle:Gas enters pretreatment chamber 3 via air inlet pipe 8, is filtered via two pieces of adsorption filter boards, by gas The big dust or contaminant filter mixed in vivo falls, and subsequently passes through before the first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1 and the second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2, atomization dress The wettability of gas can be increased by setting 7, after the gas of moistening enters the first deodorization chamber * winding paper 1 and the second deodorization chamber * winding paper 2, by two pieces of biologies The reaction treatment of microorganism on deodorizing plate generates the various nutriments such as carbon dioxide, water, sulfuric acid, nitric acid and nitrous acid, smelly Taste is decomposed, and gas is discharged from exhaust outlet 4, liquid reflux fluid reservoir 10, periodically recycles, and one of the various nutriments can be with As the growth elements of microorganism, utilize again.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention can carry out these embodiments a variety of variations, modification, replace And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of biological deodorizing device, including the first deodorization chamber * winding paper (1), the second deodorization chamber * winding paper (2) and pretreatment chamber (3), feature exists In:The top of first deodorization chamber * winding paper (1) is equipped with motor-driven valve through there is an exhaust outlet (4) in the exhaust outlet (4), and described first The first biological deodorizing plate (5), second deodorization chamber * winding paper (2) and pretreatment chamber are equipped between deodorization chamber * winding paper (1) and the second deodorization chamber * winding paper (2) (3) the second biological deodorizing plate (6) is equipped between, the first biological deodorizing plate (5) and second biological deodorizing plate (6) are all made of Biomass castoff is equipped with atomising device (7), the pretreatment chamber as filler, the left side wall top of the pretreatment chamber (3) (3) front side wall is equipped with air inlet pipe (8), is equipped with check valve in the air inlet pipe (8), and the inside of the pretreatment chamber (3) is from upper Clamping is mounted on adsorption filter board there are two bracket (9) successively on the bracket (9) under, the adsorption filter board of the lower section and Reservoir chamber (10) is formed between the bottom surface of pretreatment chamber (3), the bottom of the reservoir chamber (10) is through with drainpipe (11), described Check valve is equipped in drainpipe (11).
2. a kind of biological deodorizing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of first deodorization chamber * winding paper (1) Equipped with processor (12), the processor (12) is electrically connected with temperature control sensor, humidity sensor, hydrogen sulfide by electric conductor and examines Survey instrument and motor-driven valve.
3. a kind of biological deodorizing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First deodorization chamber * winding paper (1), second remove The front side wall of smelly room (2) and pretreatment chamber (3) is equipped with maintenance door (13), and the outer surface of the maintenance door (13) is welded with Handle (14).
4. a kind of biological deodorizing device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The maintenance door (13) and the first deodorization The contact portion of room (1), the second deodorization chamber * winding paper (2) and pretreatment chamber (3) is equipped with sealing ring.
5. a kind of biological deodorizing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First deodorization chamber * winding paper (1), second remove The inner wall of smelly room (2) and pretreatment chamber (3) is all covered with erosion shield.
CN201710098160.8A 2017-02-23 2017-02-23 A kind of biological deodorizing device Pending CN108465369A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710098160.8A CN108465369A (en) 2017-02-23 2017-02-23 A kind of biological deodorizing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710098160.8A CN108465369A (en) 2017-02-23 2017-02-23 A kind of biological deodorizing device

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110215829A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-10 湖南葆华环保科技有限公司 A kind of biological deodorizing device
CN115445396A (en) * 2022-09-21 2022-12-09 安徽靖童科技农业发展有限公司 Deodorization cleaning device and method for livestock and poultry raising room

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1546202A (en) * 2003-12-12 2004-11-17 上海交通大学 Unit type fume and smoke purification and treatment apparatus
CN101254391A (en) * 2008-04-22 2008-09-03 陈立兵 Industrial waste gas biological organic medium processing method
CN104815551A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-05 山东格林检测股份有限公司 Treatment method and treatment device for garbage odor
CN106110877A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-16 青岛华世洁环保科技有限公司 A kind of container-type bacteria bed
CN206566760U (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-10-20 福建美天环保科技有限公司 A kind of biological deodorizing device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1546202A (en) * 2003-12-12 2004-11-17 上海交通大学 Unit type fume and smoke purification and treatment apparatus
CN101254391A (en) * 2008-04-22 2008-09-03 陈立兵 Industrial waste gas biological organic medium processing method
CN104815551A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-05 山东格林检测股份有限公司 Treatment method and treatment device for garbage odor
CN106110877A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-16 青岛华世洁环保科技有限公司 A kind of container-type bacteria bed
CN206566760U (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-10-20 福建美天环保科技有限公司 A kind of biological deodorizing device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110215829A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-10 湖南葆华环保科技有限公司 A kind of biological deodorizing device
CN115445396A (en) * 2022-09-21 2022-12-09 安徽靖童科技农业发展有限公司 Deodorization cleaning device and method for livestock and poultry raising room

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